Tobacco Essays (Examples)

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Climate Change Introduction and Claim Climate Change

Words: 1556 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 72070834

Climate Change

Introduction and Claim

Climate change has occurred throughout the earth's history. Ice ages and other radical transformations to the earth's atmosphere have led to dramatic consequences of life on the planet. Ample scientific evidence shows that climate change is occurring rapidly now, and that much of it has been driven by human activities. Moreover, climate change can have serious consequences for life on earth. According to NASA, the recent climate change pattern has been causing a wide range of problems ranging from ocean acidification to extreme weather events.

However, many people and especially those in the United States still believe that climate change is a hoax, an exaggerated claim, or a result of natural fluctuations in weather patterns. While natural fluctuations in climate and localized weather have occurred and still are occurring, there is virtually no disagreement among scientists, in a number of different fields of expertise, that…… [Read More]

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Accomplishments of a Philanthropist

Words: 2873 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 33223494

Bill Gates Founder of Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation; philanthropy

Did his upbringing seem to influence desire to be philanthropic? If so, how?

But his parents planted the seed of entering into philanthropy. Mrs. Gates always stressed on Bill why he needed to begin philanthropy. Someone who was at Bill's father's law office one night recalls that he had quarreled with his parents stating that he was just trying to run his company. Bill Gates notes that he wasn't against philanthropy at the time but wanted to give Microsoft all his energy and attention. Eventually, Mrs. Gates got Bill to donate money for United Way and establish a program at his company to do that. With the growth of his wealth, more requests for donations started streaming in. Bill Gates says that his desire was focusing on philanthropy after retiring from Microsoft or at least later on when he was…… [Read More]

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Foreign Influence on Hawaii

Words: 979 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 80258308

Foreigners and the Economy

Impact foreigners had on Hawaii Island

The history of the discovery and consequent changes caused by the outside world dates back to the third voyage that Captain James Cook made to the Pacific with an attempt to explore more on the Northwest passage in 1778. This is when he first sighted the Islands and was well received by the locals of the islands, indeed they considered him a messenger of a god and gave him decent hospitality during his stay there. As a show of gratitude, Cook left the Hawaiians two English pigs, three goats and seeds for melons, onions and pumpkins. He then named some of the islands after his patron and this interaction can be considered the beginning of external influence on the economy of Hawaii since these gifts led to the introduction of animal husbandry and land tilling for growing the various plants…… [Read More]

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Protecting Your Genes in Canada

Words: 957 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 76467179

Genetic Information Non-Discrimination Act in Canada

Canada, as the majority of the developed states, continues to battle discrimination in all aspects of life, including employment, health care, education and so on. And the nature of the discrimination targeted by society and legislators is multiple, indulging religious, gender, sexual or political orientation, so on and so forth.

Currently, a question is being posed as to the necessity of an act to prevent genetic discrimination in the North American country. The question is raised by the increasing focus placed on genetics these days and the potential impact they can have on the life of an individual, including their life style, their health care or their employment status.

In its simplest form and formulation, genetic discrimination refers to the provision of different treatment to different individuals based on the genetic differences they reveal, such as a disease they have or could develop in…… [Read More]

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Case Study Health Promotion

Words: 1068 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 56119023

Health Promotion Case Study

In this scenario the individual has been asked by a local law firm to come into the organization and establish a wellness program to promote the health of its employees. The firm includes a team of 20 lawyers, 3 managers, 45 paralegals, 5 administrative assistants, 2 information technologists and 4 part-time housekeeping and maintenance staff. The partners agreed last year to install a fully equipped gym in their building because otherwise they would receive a discount on the health insurance if 85% of the employees were participating in the gym at least an average of 90 minutes a week. At the time of renewal of the health care benefits package, the organization was disqualified from the discount because only approximately 10% of the employees were participating in the gym. This case involves a solution for engaging more of the law firm employees in health promotion activities…… [Read More]

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Tuberculosis Is an Infectious Bacterial Disease Primarily

Words: 647 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 74165443

Tuberculosis is an infectious bacterial disease primarily affecting the respiratory system. Symptoms include coughing, phlegm, fever, and weight loss. The disease can be fatal if left untreated, and is treatable with medications including antibiotics. Tuberculosis is more common in developing countries, but can affect anyone with a lowered immune system. Preventing the spread of tuberculosis involves public health campaigns to raise awareness.

The bacterium that causes tuberculosis is called Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Although it most commonly infects the lungs, Mycobacterium tuberculosis can also affect other organs in the body. Exposure to the Mycobacterium tuberculosis bacteria does not necessarily lead to manifestations of the illness, because the bacteria can live inside the body and remain inactive. Moreover, when the bacteria remain inactive or latent, the disease will not be contagious ("Understanding Tuberculosis: The Basics," 2015). This is why only a small number of persons who are exposed to the tuberculosis bacteria will…… [Read More]

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Childhood Obesity in the United States and

Words: 2514 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 68016766

childhood obesity in the United States and many of the other Western nations have been growing at an alarming pace. This topic is interesting for many reasons. One such reason is that childhood obesity affects the first world at a much higher rate than developing nations. As society grows more technologically advanced and has mass produced foods then this seems to open many dietary challenges. Although food may be plentiful, the nutritional value is poor in cheaper foods in the United States that are processed and packaged. For example, there are a variety of cheap packaged pastries and soda drinks that are highly portable, inexpensive, and easily accessible which makes them popular among many demographics. This analysis will look at childhood obesity from many angles and try to develop a campaign that can help mitigate this growing trend.

Childhood Obesity Risks

There are many factors that have been identified that…… [Read More]

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Role of Education and Obesity

Words: 2274 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 81789609

Role of Schools on Childhood Obesity

Eating and Exercise Behaviors of School Professionals

What Should Schools Do to Make a Difference?

Address physical activity and nutrition through a Coordinated School Health Program (CSHP) approach.

Designate a school health coordinator and maintain an active school health council.

Assess the school's health policies and programs and develop a plan for improvement.

Strengthen the school's nutrition and physical activity policies.

Implement a high-quality health promotion program for school staff.

Implement a high-quality course of study in health education.

Implement a high-quality course of study in physical education.

Increase opportunities for students to engage in physical activity.

Implement a quality school meals program.

Ensure that students have appealing, healthy choices in foods and beverages offered outside of the school meals program.

Conclusion

References

Role of Schools on Childhood Obesity

Executive Summary

Schools have been identified to preclude eating disorders and child obesity as accurate…… [Read More]

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Creation of the Third World

Words: 2320 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 4705782

Origins of the Modern World

The old biological regime describes the way people made their livelihoods and achieved their status through their interactions with the land. In the 1400s, the global population was about 350 million people, 80% of whom were peasants. Consider that that figure represents about six percent of the current global population of about 6 billion people. In the years between 1400 and 1800, the population doubled, reaching about 720 to 750 million people. With so many people dependent on farming to make a living, producing crops for subsistence and selling the agricultural surplus to people who were non-agricultural, growth was constrained. The amount of arable land that was available determined the productivity of the land, with both factors working in tandem to influence population size. The people living on the land adapted to their environment, with population growth serving as an indicator of adaptive success. The…… [Read More]

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Nursing Counseling and Smoking Cessation Among Inpatients

Words: 738 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 4314111

Nursing Counseling and Smoking Cessation Among Inpatients

The work of Li, et al. (2014) reports a study that examines the facilitators and barriers to effective smoking cessation as it relates to counseling services provided to inpatients by nurse counselors.

The study reports that the Taiwanese Health Promotion Administration reports that 4.8 million smokers exist in Taiwan and that nearly 50% of these smokers were interested in quitting smoking. Smoking cessation is beneficial to both smokers and those whom they love and are loved by in that smoking cessation not only saves lives of those who quit smoking but in addition results in reduction in the costs of personal and health care. According to the report, THPA's implementation of the "New Smoking Cessation Policy on the 1st of March 2012 to expand smoking cessation counseling services to both outpatient and inpatient settings." (Li et al., 2014, p. 5) Li et al.…… [Read More]

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Controversy Regarding Genetically Modified Food

Words: 3053 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 67702506

Biology

The Arguments for and Against GMO's

GMO's

Arguments in Favor of GMO's

Arguments against GMO's

Strengths and Weaknesses of the Arguments

Genetically modified organisms (GMOs) are controversial. There are many proponents that argue GMO's provide significant social and economic benefits, while those against the technology argue there are potential disadvantages, including risks to health and the environment. The aim of this paper is to explore the issue of GMOs, looking first at what they are, and then considering the advantages and disadvantages associated with GMO use.

GMO's

GMO's are organisms, including plants and animals where there has been an alteration to the organisms DNA which did not take place naturally (Elena et al., 2013). The creation of GMO's is usually referred to a biotechnology, but it may also be called recombinant DNA technology of gene technology (Elena et al., 2013). The process of creating GMO's involves the researchers identifying…… [Read More]

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Strategic Management in a Hostile Environment

Words: 1178 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 20213520

Speaking With Hostile Employees

This study appreiates the fact that employees have diverse personalities are respond differently when annoyed. It is clear from this sudy that some may respond with exteme hostility even on the slightest provocation. Strategies like the use of humor, resolving differences later and being emphatic are essential in dealing with hostile employees. The key to addressing such cases is by enhancing and promoting a working culture that is based on understanding civil behavior, respect, and constructive conflict.

Speaking With Hostile Employees

Behaviors like "venting anger," "letting it out" or "losing it" are no longer considered healthy ways of expressing oneself honestly. We live in a culture where aggression can be the predicted and sometimes an approved response to disappointment, threat, or conflict. This is adversely affecting the workplace and in general employee relationships. The company must be seriously concerned about the issues because aggressive working surroundings…… [Read More]

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Imperialism of Europe and America

Words: 2376 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 43354772

European and American imperialism from 1900-1918

Empire is the term from which the word imperialism is carved. Government implies the act of mastery of one nation by another one, with the sole intention of expanding region, power and impact. It conveys with it the thought of social prevalence from the radical, judging the lifestyle, cultures and convictions of those colonized as sub-par and in need of changeover (Encyclopedia, encyclopedia.com).

Nonetheless, Imperialism normally posits as a political control and making monetary subservience. In Europe, the time of dominion coincided with patriotism and unification when prior political units were assembled under governance that asserted the privilege to keep rule over them. "I rehash that the elite races [European] have a privilege in light of the fact that they have an obligation. They have the obligation to socialize the downtrodden races [non Europeans] (South Africa History, n.d.)"

Ashley Smith the journalist isolated hypotheses…… [Read More]

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Environmental Stewardship Project Proposal What Is Environmental

Words: 2358 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 51447096

Environmental Stewardship Project Proposal

What is Environmental Stewardship?

What are the problems?

Why do we need to be concerned about Air Pollution?

A proposed Innovative Strategy for Pollution Awareness

Today Environmental stewardship is on the rise and really needed in the community. This is because an increasing amount of people are out there making knowledgeable choices in their what they do every day, such as in the work places, and communities. These choices are considered to be good for the environment, for their finances, and for complete quality of life. By most, these actions are probably looked at as being inspiring because it shows and evidence of a developing societal commitment to environmental stewardship.

This report gives an outline of what I believe is the next step in a continuing evolution of policy objectives from pollution control to pollution sustainability and prevention. It likewise gives a reflection on the important…… [Read More]

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Mechanisms of Cancer the Cancer

Words: 1101 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 84221798

This then leads to the activation of a number of genes whose products trigger cell-cycle arrest, apoptosis, or DNA repair" (Lakin 1999, p. 7644).

In research led by Hussain, he investigated the targets of free radicals, which are DNA, proteins, RNA, and lipids. He noted that, "mutations in cancer-related genes or post-translational modifications of proteins by nitration, nitrosation, phosphorylation, acetylation or polyADP-ribosylation-by free radiacals or lipid peroxidation byproducts…are some of the key events that can increase the cancer risk" (Hussain 2003, p. 276). Furthermore, changes in DNA occur when the person has been exposed to high levels of nitric oxide or NO. p53 plays a role in that it acts as a mediator to stress but NO "causes p53 accumulation and post-translational modifications that inhibit cellular growth" (Hussain 2003, p. 278). His research has revealed that when exposed to NO during chronic inflammation sans wild-type p53, there might be increased…… [Read More]

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Role of CDC25 Protein and

Words: 1274 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 49655151

Some evidence indicates tobacco and alcohol use as predisposing factors for ESCC (Shou et al., 2008, p. 19), but further studies are needed to explore this important question.

A final notable feature of the results is that they indicate widespread agreement on the implication of CDC25 protein and mRNA expression levels and subcellular localization in ESCC. Few studies of CDC25 enzymatic function/dysfunction appeared in the search results.

The results of the literature search highlight the importance of the problem of ESCC for two main reasons. First, the results suggest that a substantial amount of research has been done into this major clinical problem, the fourth leading cause of cancer deaths in China and a highly lethal form of carcinoma (Dong et al., 2010, p. 82). Second, the results suggest that ESCC could be a good system for studying the molecular basis of cell cycle progression. This is because ESCC involves…… [Read More]

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Case Study and Nursing

Words: 1831 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Case Study Paper #: 41057430

Advance Nursing Practice

In order to sustain life, the human body has to have oxygen. When a person cannot breathe, or there is not enough oxygen coming into the body through the act of breathing, it is not possible for life to continue. The respiratory system is what provides the person with the opportunity to breathe and take in oxygen. Carbon dioxide is also expelled that same way. If oxygen is not received, the brain cells will start dying, followed by other cells, organs, and tissues. Addressed here is a case study dealing with the respiratory system, conditions it may face, and how those issues can be treated.

Patient Initials: Unknown Age: 65 yo Sex: Female

Subjective Data:

Client Complaints: The patient complains of a dry cough that is rarely productive. She has had the cough for two weeks, and for the last two days has also been running a…… [Read More]

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Population at Risk

Words: 683 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 11116571

Heart Failure in African-Americans

Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) are among the top killers in the world population and number one in the U.S. Heart failure is the number one killer in the U.S. And stroke, number three. The African-American Population has even higher numbers that fall victims to these killers. The main factors that lead to heart failure and stroke are: "high blood pressure, high cholesterol, cigarette smoking, diabetes, poor diet and physical inactivity," with their natural consequences: "overweight and obesity" (http://www.healthypeople.gov/2020/topicsobjectives2020/overview.aspx?topicid=21).

Although heart diseases are the number one cause of death in the U.S. today, they are also among the most preventable diseases. An unprecedented opportunity to prevent heart disease and stroke exists today in the United States. "We know what causes these conditions and how to prevent them, largely because of the decades of research supported by NIH, the American Heart Association, and others" (http://www.cdc.gov/dhdsp/action_plan/pdfs/action_plan_full.pdf ). The African-American Population…… [Read More]

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Law Enforcement Levels

Words: 663 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 59106282

branches within the law enforcement field. All these branches have a range of jurisdictions but have a common purpose of enforcing laws that have been passed by legislatures and the protection of the American citizens and those who live within the American borders. There are different law enforcement agents everywhere and they are interested in what one does, the particular agents present depend on ones location and what they are doing. This paper will look at three law enforcement branches; local, state and federal law enforcement. It will look at what thee three entail and how they differ in terms of jurisdiction and authority.

At the local enforcement agencies, the commonplace and frequently experienced law enforcement agency are municipal police officers. These police officers represent villages, towns and cities. A striking difference between these local officers and those found within state and federal level is that they offer the first…… [Read More]

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Healthy Individual Is Infected With a Bacteria

Words: 2426 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 67609024

healthy individual is infected with a bacteria or virus, the body identifies the virus as an invader, and therefore produces the antibodies, which is the human body's immune system, to destroy the virus to assist the person to recover and become healthy. Meanwhile, vaccination is the process of stimulating the active immune system to fight disease in the body, and vaccine will boost the body active immunity to fight disease that may come into the body in the future. Through immunization, a child body system will enhance immunity in such a way that when he is in contact with a disease, his immune system will identify the disease as an invader and will produce the antibodies to fight the disease. In essence, active immunity is life-long lasting.

Many countries, especially developing countries, give children vaccination against Polio, Cholera, Yellow fever, Measles, Typhoid fever and other type of diseases. (Heymann, Aylward,…… [Read More]

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4 Steps to Implement a Successful Employee Wellness Program

Words: 2532 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 2608356

Employee Wellness Program

Company Background

Benefits of the Employee Wellness Program

Employee Needs Assessment

Components of the Program

Marketing of the Program

Implementation of the Plan

Evaluation of the Plan

This paper aims at developing an employee wellness program for the organization so as to ensure that the due attention is paid to the health and wellness issues that are being confronted by the employees. The paper would also propose strategies for the effective marketing and evaluation of the developed employee wellness program.

Employee Wellness Program

Company Background

The organization under consideration has been in the business since last 10 years. The organization is a manufacturing concern that is indulged in the development and sales of beverages, including fresh juices and gerbil teas. The organization operates in 3 different regions of the United States of America and employs a total of 500 people. The organization has a healthy business and…… [Read More]

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Law Enforcement and Theories of Crime and Criminals

Words: 1165 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 27529104

Schools of Criminology

Schools of Thought

Classical School introduction: This approach to criminology holds that basically, people will do things based on whether it is helpful to them and they will look after their own self-interest first. In other words, if a person is penniless and hungry, he will steal food because it is in his own self-interest to eat and stay alive, notwithstanding his crime

Classical School summary: In the 18th century philosophers like John Locke and Jean-Jacques Rousseau argued that existing theories of crime (God or the devil determine what humans will do) were not relevant. They put forth the alternative idea that because humans have free will, they choose which behavior they will follow. Most humans respond to pleasure and pain, and if crime brings a person pleasure, that's what he will do; but being hungry can bring pain so a person will commit a crime to…… [Read More]

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Underestimation of Revenues Review of Revenue Estimates

Words: 3322 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 19449495

Revenue Estimates: Underestimation of Revenues

Although the United States has an excellent budget policy, she is yet to reach maximum efficiency with regard to revenue estimation. When it comes to public budgeting, ours is a picture that is far from the ideal. There has been a consistent pattern of underestimation of revenues in federal, state, local, as well as agency budgets. This trend may not be desirable for a recovering economy since government decisions on new policy initiatives and sustainable policy settings depend significantly on these annual revenue forecasts. This text hypothesizes that the current methodology, resourcing, and governance of forecasting activity has, year after year, played a role in the inaccurate estimation of revenues. The U.S. Department of Homeland Security and several security agencies in Florida will be utilized in an attempt to demonstrate just how prevalent an issue this is proving to be in public budgeting. Morgan et…… [Read More]

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Wes Moore One Name Two Fates Critical

Words: 3990 Length: 11 Pages Document Type: Book Review Paper #: 65900094

Wes Moore: One Name, Two Fates

Critical Book Review

The objective of this study is to conduct a critical book review of the book entitled "The Other Wes Moore: One Name, Two Fates" written by Wes Moore (2011) and published by Random House LLC. Williams (2010) reports that both men in the book have the same name however, "one is Rhodes Scholar and John Hopkins graduate who was a speaker at the 2008 Democratic Convention. The other is a former drug dealer, convicted of murdering a police officer and serving a life sentence at Jessup Correctional Institution in Maryland." (p.1) In addition, Williams reports that both of these men, named Wes Moore "were profiled in the Baltimore Sun for their deeds." (2010, p.1)

Overview

Both of these young men were raised at the same time and in the same area that was high in poverty and plagued by drugs and…… [Read More]

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Growing Aging Population

Words: 2286 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 62972047

This means that society as a whole needs to consider both aspects of the problem. It would be wrong to simply consider problems associated with an aging population in the context of a young population that experiences little to no change. The number of young people is smaller today than it has been in the past and the government needs to invest fewer finances in providing for this community. This is not going to solve the overall problem, but it is nonetheless an important concept when discussing with regard to how an aging population is going to affect the world as a whole and young people in particular. "Reductions in expenditures for the youngest and middle age groups will not result from robbing resources from the young to care for the old. Instead, these reductions reflect the fact that these age groups represent a smaller portion of the population than…… [Read More]

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Elderly Care

Words: 1299 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 39198111

Caring for the Old

The End of Life Care

End of life care refers to the total care of a person that has an advanced illness that is incurable and does not equate with death. This end of life care can last for a number of weeks, months or even years depending on the state an individual is.it is usually the care which helps those that have advanced, progressive and illnesses that can not be cured to live life as well as possible until they meet their death. End of life care makes it possible for the patient and their family to get supportive and palliative care needs identified and met throughout the last phase when they are living and into the bereavement period. Supportive care is care which helps a patient and the family to cope with the condition and the treatment of that condition right from the pre-diagnosis…… [Read More]

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Supply and Demand Elasticity and Oil Prices

Words: 1225 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 21886637

22nd of April 2014 in the Wall Street Journal, it is reported that the prices for oil futures are showing a significant decline (Friedman, 2014). Contracts are quoted as falling by 2.2% for the May settlement contracts and 1.8% for the June settlement contracts (Friedman, 2014). It is noted that the prices for the oil futures contracts have fallen ahead of the release of .S. Energy Information Administration regarding the level of domestic oil reserves. The falls are believed to reflect the expected announcement that the reserves are at a significant increase in the level of the oil reserves (Friedman, 2014). In a survey 8 out of 10 analysts surveyed indicating they expected the level of reserves to rise (Friedman, 2014). It is stated that on April 11th the oil reserves were only 3.4 million barrels below the peak which was seen in May 2013, and that it was expected…… [Read More]

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Reducing Health Disparities for Dementia Patients

Words: 1880 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 86670398

Among the most important aspects to the health promotion plan will be the benefits associated with a care manager, who can ensure that all six core elements of CCM are implemented fully. If this is accomplished, there should be a significant reduction in health disparities for patient and caregiver outcomes across generations.

References

AHRQ. (2012). National Healthcare Disparities Report, 2011. No. 12-0006. Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. Retrieved 16 Apr. 2014 from http://www.ahrq.gov/research/findings/nhqrdr/nhdr11/nhdr11.pdf.

Braveman, P.A., Kumanyika, S., Fielding, J., Laveist, T., Borrell, L.N., Manderscheid, R. et al. (2011). Health disparities and health equity: The issue is justice. American Journal of Public Health, 101(Suppl. 1), S149-55.

Brodaty, H. & Donkin, M. (2009). Family caregivers of people with dementia. Dialogues in Clinical Neuroscience, 11, 217-28.

Castro, A. & Ruiz, E. (2009). The effects of nurse practitioner cultural competence on Latina patient satisfaction. Journal of the American Academy of Nurse…… [Read More]

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Societal Themes and Media

Words: 4244 Length: 14 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 4871452

Societal Themes and Media

Several different themes, narratives and ideas of the society are taken up by the media and presented to the masses in many different ways. In some cases, the purpose behind this adaptation is pure entertainment, meanwhile in the other cases; the media tries to put forth a message for the population[footnoteRef:1]. Media has the potential to positively as well as negatively affect the thought process of the people pertaining to any story, theme or narrative[footnoteRef:2]. In this paper, the theme or concept of having a fair skin, as a key to all kinds of success, in the Indian subcontinent and South Asia shall be discussed in its relationship with the media. [1: Barthes and Lavers 1972] [2: Eco 1982]

The preference of fair skin in the subcontinent- An Overview

Color has always created issues in the society. When we talk about the West, we can see…… [Read More]

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History of Development of Blues

Words: 4267 Length: 14 Pages Document Type: Seminar Paper Paper #: 23025748

Out of about 40 million slaves that were transported from African to the United States, only 15 million of them could survive, however they ended up in pure hell. It was expected of the African-Americans to meet the demands of two ideas, both of which met the needs of the rich white Americans. Thus, where slaves had a disguise to serve their masters and please them, they were just not being honest to themselves in the least bit, and they were living according to the wishes of their masters to escape the beating or to avoid being scrutinized any further. Having said that, just because they had no choice but to live up to the two ideals, it did not mean that there were not any rightfully revengeful and rebellious slaves that went against the books and refused to accept being a cookie cutter cut-out. It is assumed that the…… [Read More]

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Health Disparities and the Risk of Obesity

Words: 1873 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 25119198

Risk Factors for Obesity: A Critique

Non-Infectious Disease

Major Risk Factors for Obesity: A Critique of the Research Literature

Major Risk Factors for Obesity: A Critique of the Research Literature

The World Health Organization (WHO, 2013) estimated that close to 1.4 million adults were overweight in 2008 and of these 500 million were obese. For adults over the age of 20 this implies that 35 and 11% of the global adult population were overweight and obese, respectively. The definition of overweight is a body mass index (BMI) of 25 or higher, while obesity is defined as a BMI of 30 or higher. While obesity does not directly result in the death of anyone, it is the fifth leading mortality risk globally and is responsible for 2.8 million deaths annually. This is due to obesity representing a significant risk factor for serious comorbid conditions, including diabetes and cardiovascular disease. Accordingly, nearly…… [Read More]

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Hela Tissue

Words: 1336 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 75497757

Henrietta Lacks born August 1, 1920, was an African-American female tobacco farmer who resided in Dundalk, Maryland. She was wife to her first cousin and mother of five children. At the age of 31, Lacks died from cervical cancer. Before she died, a doctor took a sample of her cervical cells. These cells, named HeLa cells, became the immortal cell line that provided a Polio vaccine, aided in cloning, among other scientific breakthroughs. "Henrietta's cells were the first immortal human cells ever grown in culture. They were essential to developing the polio vaccine" (Zielinski, 2010).

HeLa cells have become a benchmark in the study of cellular processes. However, here in lies the controversy. HeLa cells have benefitted many except for the family of the person the sample was derived from. Henrietta Lacks' children, for decades, lived in poverty, with one son homeless. Was it right for a doctor to, without…… [Read More]

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Why Do Adolescents Engage in Sexually Risky Activities

Words: 1748 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 6211518

Sexual Activity in Adolescence

The scholarly literature on adolescence and health reflects the fact that some young people make risky decisions regarding sexual activities -- and the use of drugs also plays a role in their behavior. In this paper, those issues and others related to adolescent behaviors -- including the earlier initiation of sexual activities -- will be presented through in-depth analysis.

Adolescent Sexual Activities and Psychosocial Adjustments

There has been an assumption in the literature for some time that when adolescents delay their first sexual experience, they adjust better psychosocially as young adults a bit later in their lives. Another assumption has been that instances where young adults have their first sexual intercourse experience between 16 and 18 years of age "…are linked to lower adjustment in many life domains" (Haase, 2012, 199).

However, a peer-reviewed research article in the journal European Psychologist challenges those notions with empirical…… [Read More]

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Drug Use and Music

Words: 1441 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 80995047

Drug

Music is an art form that addresses many social issues, even in popular music otherwise designed for entertainment. I am interested in this topic because drug use is one of those many different issues. Most forms of music will address drug use at some point, and it is important to consider not only how music addresses drugs but how the way in which it has done so has changed, if indeed it has changed at all. For this paper, I wanted to see if I could look at music that is about a number of different drugs, in order to maybe get a sense of whether there were contextual issues at work. The list of songs is found in the table below:

Lucy in the Sky with Diamonds

The Beatles

LSD

Comfortably Numb

Pink Floyd

1979

Heroin

Because I Got High

Afroman

2001

Marijuana

Snowblind

Black Sabbath

1972

Cocaine…… [Read More]

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Civil War Religious Event

Words: 638 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 90227828

Civil War / Religious Event

In a certain sense, the Civil War could be construed as a religious event, principally because the division of the country along the lines of slavery was also reinforced by various religious denominations. Quite simply, Christians in the north of the country vilified slavery as evil and against both God's will and the Bible, whereas Christians in the South justified slavery through God's will and various passages in the Bible. Northerners wanted to prohibit slavery; Southerners wanted to propagate it (Lincoln 2). The most important thing about the religious aspect of the Civil War is that it merely served to widen and deepen the sectarian differences between these two parts of the country, which primarily differed in their economic means of production. The North was relying on an increasingly growing industrialization that was bereft of slavery, whereas the South remained entrenched in a rural, agrarian…… [Read More]

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Inconvenient Truth

Words: 690 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 17808979

Inconvenient Truth

Greenhouse gases thicken the Earth's atmosphere trapping solar light waves that reach the Earth as a form of radiation. The solar rays are typically good for the planet as it keeps Earth's temperature habitable for life, but the extra levels of heat are warming up the planet. The heighten temperature is causing catastrophes on a global scale. The heat is sucking the moisture out of the land, causing desertification in certain regions, particularly Africa. Other places are experiencing higher levels of moisture and storms; a result of this is Hurricane Katrina.

The Montreal Protocol is treaty that is meant to protect the ozone layer by eliminating chemicals responsible for depleting the ozone layer. It was successful by helping to significantly reduce levels of chlorofluorocarbons and other harmful substances. It is a good example of how the nations of the world can unite for a common goal and institute…… [Read More]

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Economic Basis of American Cities Change From

Words: 1553 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 74381820

economic basis of American cities change from colonial era to 1860 and why did it change.

There is little doubt that there were a significant amount of economic changes taking place within the fledgling United States of America from its inception during colonial time to the year preceding the Civil War, 1860. Those changes were widely facilitated by advancements made during the Industrial Revolution and those pertaining to the practice of chattel slavery in the southern portion of the country. As such, the economics for American cities reflected these two principle sources of change, which were also underscored by a chief point of division in American social, political and economic life up until the Civil War: the distinction between autonomy and states' rights and circumscribed freedom and a strong federal government. The reality is that the latter of these two choices were good for capitalism and for the U.S. As…… [Read More]

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Healthcare Organization Marketing Plan

Words: 1240 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Marketing Plan Paper #: 78100867

Terrace Hospital Marketing Plan

Marketing Strategy -- Terrace Community Hospital

Summary- Terrace Hospital is a smaller, community hospital, located in a suburb of a major city. There are a number of large urban hospitals within 45-60 minutes of Terrace, but the focus for Terrace is as an expanded clinic that provides basic services for urgent care, seniors, obstetrics, general practice, counseling and education programs, radiology, complete blood work, and an osteo-care unit for citizens of the outlying communities that are 45-60 minutes from Terrace, and thus quite a distance from the urban hospitals. The hospital is reviewing its marketing plan in order to focus more on profitable and complete care, knowing that more complicated specializations are more available in the urban center.

Major Health Concerns -- Quality pediatric care, childhood obesity and Type-II diabetes, alcohol and cigarettes, substance abuse, STDs, geriatric care, obesity and cardio-renal issues.

Target Patients- The community…… [Read More]

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Affordable Health Care Act

Words: 8273 Length: 25 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 29213218

Affordable Health Care Act

Impact of the affordable health care act

The affordable health care act, commonly referred to as Obamacare, brought a set of health care reforms aimed at making health consumers to be responsible for their health care. The act brought into law the patient's bill of rights, which gives Americans stability and flexibility in making informed health choices and decisions. Enacted by President Obama in 2010 as the Affordable Care Act, it aims in ensuring the insurance reforms in the country are comprehensive. This is achieved through providing discounts for seniors, protecting consumers against health care fraud, providing free preventive care, ensuring small businesses get tax credits, providing cover for pre-existing conditions, providing consumer assistance, and health insurance in the marketplace

The affordable care act also has other benefits for special groups such as women and youth. Women benefit from enjoying insurance options that provide them with…… [Read More]

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Acute Myocardial Infarction Pathophysiological Process Template Disease

Words: 1549 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Case Study Paper #: 71859331

Acute Myocardial Infarction

PATHOPHYSIOLOGICAL PROCESS TEMPLATE

DISEASE:

Acute Myocardial Infarction is a common disease with very grave consequences in morbidity, mortality and cost to the society (Boersma et.al, 2003) It has become the leading cause of death in the developed world. It has been estimated that about 450,000 people die from coronary disease per year in the United States.

Myocardial infarction primarily occurs when the blood supply to the heart is compromised. Just like all the cells of the body, the myocardial cells require a constant supply of blood and oxygen to keep working. Ischemia beyond a set threshold level exhausts the cells and causing them to be damaged. Authors have said that the word Myocardial Infarction should be used when there is evidence of necrosis of the myocardium in a clinical setting. There are five different types of MIs defined depending on the situation that occurs. Type 1 is…… [Read More]