Tobacco Essays (Examples)



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Auriculotherapy Smoking Cessation

Words: 974 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 3662229

Auriculotheraphy Smoking Cessation Pilot program is seeking a grant to develop a cessation program focused on helping low and middle income persons quit smoking by providing auriculotheraphy treatment at a low costs.

In 1964 the surgeon general determined that smoking is hazardous to a person's health. Studies show that tobacco is responsible for approximately six million deaths each year. Tobacco contains nicotine and toxics that produce cancer. Though warnings are in place to alert people of the dangers and risks associated with tobacco use, the number of deaths continue to increase each year. Reports claim that the poor and the poorest tend to smoke the most.

Auriculotheraphy is a form of acupuncture. The procedure involves stimulation of the outer ear to relieve health problems in parts of the body. The procedure reduces tension and allows the body to relax while increasing the circulation. Dr. Paul Nogier, a neurologist, developed the…… [Read More]

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Statute of Limitations These Are

Words: 2517 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 5026780

This seems to be serious, but most of the people committing the crime are being released by the courts. (Understanding White Collar Crime)

Question 3a: What is a FOIA request and is it likely to be granted?

The request is under the Freedom of Information Act, and it is targeted to the United States Department of Justice, and there is no reason to think that the Department of Justice will refuse to reply. The question is of political interference occurring affecting the trial in the last stages of the trial against the cigarette industry. Let us not assume that the Department of Justice is now being totally controlled by the politicians, and that is why they will stop from replying. At worst, there will be the appointment of a committee to investigate and look into the matter. Even that will help the cigarette industry as they will get more time,…… [Read More]

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Smoking Hypertension and Obesity Smoking

Words: 1374 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 63939657

Topics include motivation, stress management, the effects of smoking, preparing to quit, relapse prevention, dealing with peer pressure, media awareness, support networks, and healthy lifestyles. Four optional booster sessions are offered after the program's conclusion" (NOT, 2009, CDC).

The success of the NOT program is attributed to the way that the facilitators 'speak the language' of the participants. However, the need for having counselors who are familiar with the culture, lifestyle, and economic resources of the community is not limited to teen programs, rather this policy of having counselors know the population they service is a necessary component of all anti-smoking initiatives. Counselors must be able to compellingly demonstrate that they can truly understand the unique stressors that affect that community -- and share, if relevant, their own success stories about quitting with participants. Connecting quitting smoking to a series of positive lifestyle changes, such as reducing body weight, and…… [Read More]

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Smoking Cessation Programs Smoking Cessation

Words: 2425 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Literature Review Paper #: 13631838

In fact these moderate quit rates are substantially higher than health care interventions (Salize et al., 2009; Wang et al., 2009).

Psychological interventions such as support groups, counseling sessions, and guided quit plans have been proven most effective when coupled with pharmacological interventions (Huang, 2005). Cessation programs need to be interactive and engage the participant in the treatment process as well as identifying individual characteristics that have led to the smoking behavior and tailoring interventions to meet these needs (Rovina et al., 2009). Those programs that emphasized lectures, consultations, and group discussions were found to have a 40% quit rate with the majority of participants failing to reduce their daily cigarette consumption (Huang, 2005). Smoking cessation programs also exist in the workplace and focus on self-efficacy and social support achieved a 19% participant quit rate (Huang, 2005). Programs that utilized pharmacological interventions alone such as the transdermal nicotine patch have…… [Read More]

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Education Autobiography on Drugs

Words: 1287 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 22997906

Life gives people choices. These choices can lead to circumstances where people may feel lost. Tobacco, alcohol, legal and illegal drugs are part of life. Their influence is everywhere from social media to movies and even at home. What they may teach us is that sometimes when we choose to escape or to feel good, that is when we are our most vulnerable, that is when we may make mistakes. Because life isn't about being perfect, but rather what the imperfections teach us.

I have a sister who likes to drink. She's not your typical lush. She drinks only when she has the time to. This is usually at night and her drink of choice is a bottle of dry, red wine. She, like most people, has experimented with marijuana. The more marijuana lost its stigma, the more she felt it was okay to partake in it. She would get…… [Read More]

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Legalization of Marijuana

Words: 1566 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 14233804

Legalization of Marijuana

Marijuana is one of the most popular recreational drugs in the United States, exceeded in popularity by only alcohol and tobacco. Recent research reveals that "more than 70 million Americans have smoked marijuana at some point in their lives, and that 18-20 million have smoked during the last year (NORML, 1999)."

According to R. Keith Stroup, Esq., the executive director of National Organization for the Reform of Marijuana Laws (NORML, 1999), "Like most Americans, the vast majority of these millions of marijuana smokers are otherwise law-abiding citizens who work hard, raise families and contribute to their communities..." A national survey revealed that 32% of voting adults in the U.S. have acknowledged having smoked marijuana at some point in their lives.

The legalization of marijuana has been a topic of controversy for several years. Many proponents of the drug argue that marijuana should be legalized for both medical…… [Read More]

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Smoking Health Care System

Words: 1505 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 73437226


Smoking and the Health Care System

Smoking causes ischemic heart disease, cancer, stroke, and chronic lower respiratory diseases which are the leading causes of death and disability among adults. Smoking-attributed diseased are an economic burden due not only to health care expenses, but also productivity losses related to disability or early death.

~California Department of Health, 2010

Smoking is a major health hazard, and since nonsmokers are healthier than smokers, it seems only natural that not smoking would save money spent on health care. Yet in economic studies of health care it has been difficult to determine who uses more dollars -- smokers, who tend to suffer more from a large variety of diseases, or nonsmokers, who can accumulate more health care costs because they live longer.

~Barendregt et al., 1997

There is now scientific proof that concludes that smoking cigarettes affects both the smoker and those in proximity…… [Read More]

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Legalization Debate on Marijuana There

Words: 1589 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 9163297

Despite the fact that certain parties (as in Chicago) may be arguing that the war on drugs cost billions a year, it must not be forgotten that the war on drugs also yields revenue for the government, and that legalizing drugs would cost more than it saved. "Marijuana... harms society by causing lost productivity in business...and by contributing to illnesses and injuries that put further strain on the health care system." (National Drug Council) if drugs were legalized, they would increase health costs, especially among poor and black communities (which are more likely to take drugs and to be on federal support) and from there on the medical support system and taxpayers of the country. Additionally, such use would negatively effect businesses and families, and the loss in taxes from income earned could be significant.

In conclusion, marijuana restrictions should in no way be relaxed, because marijuana is a serious…… [Read More]

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Anti-Smoking Campaign Put Down That Smoke and

Words: 1854 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 83726556

Anti-Smoking Campaign

Put Down that Smoke and No One Gets Hurt

Australia has been the home to a number of powerful anti-smoking campaigns designed to reduce the harm that smoking causes on the individual level as well as on society as a whole. Smoking is an expensive habit in every way: Not only do cigarettes exact significant costs on an individual level (both financially and, far more importantly, in terms of health) but smoking also enacts an immense financial burden on local, regional, and federal health systems.

Because of these high costs, it is in the interest of the state to design and implement effective anti-smoking campaigns to save its citizens paying the cost of this habit -- whether directly through their being able to stop smoking themselves or indirectly, by freeing up public health money to be used in other areas. However, while Australia (like most developed nations) is…… [Read More]

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Philip Morris International Explain Strategic Plan Selected

Words: 636 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 88257039

Philip Morris International explain strategic plan selected company pursues regard business countries.

Company: Philip Morris International

Phillip Morris, one of the leading international tobacco companies, is split into two divisions: Phillip Morris International and Phillip Morris USA. The reason for this bifurcation is not administrative, but legal. Officially, Phillip Morris USA proclaims that there is no safe cigarette, and admits that quitting smoking is difficult. Its CEO recently proclaimed: "Because tobacco use is addictive and can be very difficult to quit, our tobacco companies help connect adult tobacco consumers who have decided to quit with cessation information from public health authorities" (Galuszka 2011). Phillip Morris USA must also comply with U.S. regulations banning televised cigarette advertisements and cigarette advertisements aimed at minors.

Internationally, however, smoking is far more acceptable socially than it is in the U.S. While consumption of cigarettes is going down in the U.S., it is actually escalating…… [Read More]

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Legalization of Marijuana Is One

Words: 1835 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 40825370

The active chemical ingredient, THC, is accessed by smoking marijuana and is used for both recreational and medical reasons. The pro-legalization supporters and the anti-legalization supporters are divided by ethical and medical viewpoints. The use of marijuana is linked with health risks, but it is also associated with beneficial medical and therapeutic uses. Opponents of legalization also raise concerns about marijuana abuse, dependency, and its stance as a "gateway" drug which could lead a user to try "harder" drugs. Tobacco smoking and drinking alcohol give concerns for abuse, dependency, and have been linked with the use of "harder" drugs, however these substances remain legal.

A total of 14 states have allowed for the use of marijuana for medical purposes, and some studies have indicated the benefits of decriminalization of marijuana as law enforcement efforts and resources can be used for more significant crimes. There is a concern that the legalization…… [Read More]

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Nursing it Is Generally Agreed

Words: 1500 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 27966345

, Binns, Colin W., and Alfonso Helman. (2006): "Which Women Stop Smoking During Pregnancy and the Effect on Breastfeeding Duration." Biomed Central.

Torfs, Claudine P. And Roberta E. Christianson. (2000): "Effect of Maternal Smoking and Coffee Consumption on the Risk of Having a Recognized Down Syndrome Pregnancy." American Journal of Epidemiology. Vol. 152, No. 12: 1185-1191.

Solomon, Laura J. And Virginia P. Quinn. (2003): "Spontaneous Quitting: Self Initiated Smoking Cessation in Early Pregnancy." Nicotine and Tobacco Research. Vol. 6, Sup. 2; S203-S216.

Kleinman, Michael. (2000): "The Health Effects of Air Pollution on Children." Irvine: University of California.

Eichhammer P, and Johann M. Kharraz. (2003): "High Frequency Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation Decreases Cigarette Smoking." Journal of Clincial Psychiatry. 64:951-953.

In conclusion, the literature presented clearly shows that smoking during pregnancy does have an adverse affect on infants and fetuses and that through the proper treatment and counseling, these effects can…… [Read More]

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Creating Leadership Development Plan Leadership

Words: 1620 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 35265445

The need in the short-term to create greater confidence in managing the uncertainty of the role is critical. As is the need for creating more opportunities for shared risk with subordinates. The development of this skill however will need to be medium-term as taking extension courses at a local university to make my ability to analyze and solve complex problems and build a more consistent action strategy is critical. In the medium-tern the need for also managing time as it relates to all of these factors in the problem solving characteristic is also critically important. In summary, over the long-term the need for more focus on creativity and its role in managing needs to be focused on through additional training and also through mentoring to understand how to better analyze and solve problems over time.

Assessing the Sustaining the Vision Characteristic

The dimensions included in this leadership characteristic are really…… [Read More]

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Need for Regulating E-Cigarettes Usage

Words: 1979 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 60720140

Policy Position for Electronic Cigarettes in Public Area

Electronic cigarettes, which are commonly known as e-cigarettes, can be described as battery-powered devices that are packed with liquid nicotine. The liquid nicotine is a highly addictive chemical which is dissolved in a combination of propylene glycol and water. These devices are usually designed in a way that they look like real cigarettes and are availed in different colors such as brown filter, cylindrical tube, and red-glowing tip. While an individual who takes e-cigarette does not really smoke, he/she feels a sensation of smoke in the lungs and mouth. Electronic cigarettes have several advantages and disadvantages that have contributed to the numerous controversies they have generated. This has contributed to the emergence of the need for policy makers to establish a position for e-cigarettes in a public area.

Evolution of the Issue

Electronic cigarettes or e-cigarettes are battery-operated devices that are created…… [Read More]

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Economy of the Colonial America

Words: 6520 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 59819040

Economy of Colonial America

Brief chronology of the initial economic developments of the colonies

Jamestown, Virginia colony was first to show signs of economic growth

Massachusetts Bay colonists buy corn from Indians

Literature generalizations and postulations on economy of colonies

Puritanism may have helped shape the capitalistic society to evolve

The strength of the British Navy altered colonial approach to economic growth

Colonial farmers' efforts were more towards self-sufficiency than wealth

Rate of Economic Growth in colonies

Colonial economy may have multiplied 25 times over a 120-year period of time

Average per capita annual income in 1650 was $572; in 1720 it was $826

Legislation was enacted requiring colonists to manufacture and use resources

In Virginia in 1661 a law passed ordering counties to establish tanneries

"bounties" were given to counties and cities to encourage production

E. Indentured Servitude was a big part of the colonial economy

1) An estimated…… [Read More]

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Removing Smoking in the Workplace Increases Productivity

Words: 2301 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 91781793

Removing Smoking in the Workplace Increases Productivity

The purpose of this proposed study is to determine if removing smoking from the workplace has increased workplace productivity. The writer will explore the question by using a survey study method. The participants will include workers across the nation in varying levels of work and careers. The proposed study is designed to measure whether or not there is an increase in productivity since employers began refusing to allow smoking in the workplace environment. There are several factors involved in the study including a look at five previously published studies regarding smokers and their habits. In addition the writer explores some of the different concerns for productivity that have been studied throughout the years with regards to smokers including secondhand smoke damage, absenteeism and dollars lost. This proposal suggests the direct question of affect on productivity from the time workplaces began to ban smoking…… [Read More]

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Initiative 12-0018 the Cigarette Tax to Fund

Words: 617 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 13448384

initiative 12-0018, the Cigarette Tax to Fund Student Financial Aid at University of California and California State University Initiative Statute.

According to the State of California the initiative has been proposed in the following method; "The Attorney General of California has prepared the following title and summary of the chief purpose and points of the proposed measure:



Increases cigarette tax by $1.00 per pack. Allocates revenues to expand financial aid for California residents enrolled at UC or CSU. If new tax causes decreased tobacco consumption, thus reducing existing tobacco-tax revenues, current tobacco funding for tobacco health education/research, medical care, environment, breast cancer research/services, early childhood development, and General Fund will be maintained by transferring new tax revenues to offset decrease. Requires annual independent audit and accounting. Establishes five-member oversight committee. Summary of estimate…… [Read More]

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Smoking Cessation Health Belief Model According to

Words: 1949 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 99665874

Smoking Cessation

Health Belief Model

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) (2012) smoking harms nearly every organ of the body. It is estimated that there are more than 43 million adults who currently smoke in the United States. Of these 53% are men and 47% are women. Tobacco use is responsible for causing many diseases and reducing the health of smokers in general. The adverse effects of smoking cigarettes account for approximately 443,000, or nearly one in five deaths in the United States annually. Tobacco use causes more deaths each year than all of the deaths caused by human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), illegal drug use, alcohol use, motor vehicle injuries, and murders combined. An estimated 90% of all lung cancer deaths in men and 80% of all lung cancer deaths in women are the result of smoking as are 90% of all deaths from chronic obstructive…… [Read More]

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Strategic Initiative

Words: 506 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 55398896

Strategic Initiative

Altria's commitment to the environment appears very weak. It pledges full and complete compliance will all applicable environmental laws and regulations, something it has to do anyway unless it wants to face the consequences (Altria, environment and agriculture). Kraft says it is developing a systematic approach to move beyond compliance and to understand issues along its supply and demand chains, but this effort began in 2000 and five years later it's still formulating plans rather than reporting results. Further, its own Environmental Performance Indicators (EPIs) show only moderate improvement from 2001 to 2003. It's interesting to note that 2004 EPIs are missing. Philip Morris International reports monitoring efforts, but offers no concrete results. Of all the environmental issues related to cigarettes, all Philip Morris USA can talk about is cigarette litter. And, even on this issue, the company makes it clear that it does not endorse any changes…… [Read More]

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Old Smoke Case Study Darlene

Words: 1536 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Book Report Paper #: 22198313

cannot control the urge, then the employee might consider seeking outside professional help with the addiction. Since a person's car is private property, however, it is unlikely that any non-smoking ban would extend to that area. However, the smoker would need to take steps to ensure that their clothing and work supplies did no retain the odor of smoke. In essence, other than in the privacy of one's own car and home, thus any place that one could potentially harm someone else with smoke, is legally favoring the non-smoker (Grensing-Pophal, 1999).


Co-Workers Can Sue Over Excessive Perfume in the Workplace. (28 August 2009). Godlike

Productions. Retrieved from:

Indoor Air Quality in Hospitality Venues Before and After Implementation of a Clean Indoor Air

Law. (12 November 2004). Center for Disease Control -- MMWR. Retrieved from:

Negative Ions: More Scientific Research. (2010). Comtech Research. Retrieved from:

Tobacco Facts,"…… [Read More]

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Cigarette Smoking This Report Will

Words: 1082 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 47392831

This, in turn, will also affect the overall economic situation of the country. A particular country's condition will also affect its neighboring country, hence, everyone is the world is affected.

Usually, children are the common victims of the adverse effects of tobacco. Babies of smokers have greater chances of being born pre-maturely or having low birth weight. Moreover, secondhand smoke can trigger sudden infant death syndromes. Cigarette smoke can also handicap children for life. They are the one who are likely to develop acute respiratory illness including heart diseases, ear infection, asthma, bronchial cavity, and chronic respiratory system. In the United Sates, smoking has been considered as the leading preventable cause of premature death (Medscape 2008).

It is said that the susceptibility of the person to become infected with the smoke-related diseases is directly proportional to the length of time that a person continues to smoke as well as the…… [Read More]

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Ethics Argument - Smoking Bans

Words: 954 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 73913482

It is the equivalent of banning air traffic to protect the hearing of people who choose to live next to airports.

Modern urban society is associated with many risks and compromises not required of those who choose to live in more suburban communities. Environmentalists tell us that breathing smog is damaging to our lungs, which is a valid reason to exercise the freedom of choice not to live in a large city. Just as concentrated vehicle exhaust gases and industrial air pollution are inherent risks of the choice to live in urban and industrial environments, tobacco smoke is an inherent risk of patronizing business establishments where smoking is permitted.

A stronger argument against smoking in bars and restaurants is made by individuals who work in the food and drink service industry, because they are exposed to second-hand smoke continually. On the other hand, if second-hand smoke is that much of…… [Read More]

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Supply Chain Management Proposal Automation

Words: 617 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 13149167

Though it is not entirely necessary for the approach taken to be a novel one, the research here will consider that there are yet undetermined impacts on the merchant of such a system. Thus, a second part of this methodology will be focused upon once the literature review has provided us with sufficient data to surmise a framework for the automated system. As this automation would impact the ordering systems used by merchants outside of Imperial Tobacco, it will be important to gather feedback from such vendors. They will be asked through survey to cite pros and cons to the prospect of automated online ordering, which would likely be effective once a merchant signed to the program reached a certain inventory minimum.

As to current and unresolved issues on the subject, the input of merchants should supplement the literature review in order to demonstrate a clear course of action that…… [Read More]

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Ethics Reflection Secondhand Smoke Is

Words: 930 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Reaction Paper Paper #: 28755969

Nicotine can imitate neurotransmitters in the brain and send confusing messages, affecting critical brain development" (Beauchaine in Shepherd). This is but the tip of the iceberg regarding the harmful nature of tobacco in any form.

From an ethical standpoint, one can take a formal moral standpoint and quote utilitarianism/deontology: Utilitarianism holds that the most ethical thing one can do is any action that will maximize the happiness within an organization or society. Actions have quantitative outcomes and the ethical choices that lead to the "greatest good for the greatest number" are the appropriate decisions, even if that means subsuming the rights of certain individuals. It is considered to be a consequential outlook in the sense that while outcomes cannot be predicted the judgment of an action is based on the outcome -- or, "the ends justify the means" (Robinson and Groves, 2003). . Deontology argues that there are norms and…… [Read More]

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Health Risk Behaviors Drug and Alcohol Use

Words: 2958 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Literature Review Chapter Paper #: 16016630

Health Risk Behaviors

Drug and Alcohol use

Drug and Alcohol Use among Teenagers and Adults between the ages of 18-25

The Issue of Drug Abuse in Youth

Parental Role and Drug Abuse in Adolescents

Adolescent age 7

Parental denial

Suggestion to reduce Drug Abuse in Teenagers

Drug and Alcohol Use among Teenagers and Adults between the ages of 18-25

Although there have been many significant achievements in drug abuse prevention over the past few decades, drug use among youth continues to be a leading health risk. Alcohol, tobacco, and other drug use have had an extraordinary impact on morbidity and mortality of youth. The cost of negative outcomes attributed to adolescent drug use affects nearly half a million individuals annually (Peterson, 2010). Economic costs of the use of alcohol tobacco and other drugs by youth were estimated to reach $484 billion in 2004 (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2004).…… [Read More]

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Nursing Course Project Milestone 3 Peer Review

Words: 708 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Capstone Project Paper #: 20403535


Course Project Milestone #3: Peer Review Form

To complete a peer review on another students draft for change capstone project, identifying strengths and weakness with recommendations for improvement.

Directions: Complete the peer review form below with information obtained from one of your peers draft for change capstone project.

Title of Peer's Change Project:

Introduction of the Change Project

Identify and describe the strengths of the change project. Identify and describe areas in which the plan and/or introduction can be improved.

The strength of this project is that it focuses on encouraging the patients to cease tobacco smoking, a subject that is very rarely taken up by rehab houses. Since there are a number of diseases including HIV and Tuberculosis that have been linked with the use of tobacco and nicotine, encouraging the patients to give up smoking will do great benefit to the society and the health care department.…… [Read More]

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Dr Jeffrey Wigand Contribution Business Ethics Attachments

Words: 632 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 94883423

Dr. Jeffrey Wigand contribution,, business ethics. Attachments

Jeffrey Wigand Biography

Jeffrey Wigand was born in 1942 in New York. After being brought up in Bronx and Pleasant Valley, Wigand spent some time in the military, and then earned his Master's and PhD from the University of Buffalo. His professional experience includes working for some well-known health care companies like Pfizer and Johnson. He was also the General Manager and Marketing Director of Union Carbide in Japan and the Senior Vice President of Technicon Instruments. The peak of his professional career was during his vice presidency of research and development at Brown & Williamson in Louisville, Kentucky. Wigand used this position in order to focus on the development of reduced-harm cigarettes.

Wigand became known to the public in 1996 when he granted an interview to the 60 minutes show where he stated that Brown & Williamson Tobacco Corporation made certain pmodifications…… [Read More]

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Resisting Any Legislative Attempts to

Words: 559 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 96227930


The new attitude of the Russian government makes perfect sense because, according to the article, the annual national death toll attributable to smoking in Russia is approximately 400,000. Moreover, the morbidity associated with smoking is only a portion of the total societal cost of smoking because it is estimated that smoking also costs the already-cash-strapped nation the equivalent of almost $50 billion in annual healthcare costs and lost worker productivity from smoking-related illnesses. Just as in the West before the historic disclosure of previously confidential industry information by a former insider that led to multiple class action settlements from litigation initiated by various state attorneys general in the 1990s, there is a tremendous tobacco industry political lobby in Russia fighting tooth-and-nail against the proposed legislation. Generally, they represent only the selfish interests of the tobacco companies and do not have any concern for the welfare of the members of…… [Read More]

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Nicotine on the Body's Systems

Words: 1519 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 90582418

It also has promising medical uses, such as preventing Alzheimer's disease. However, nicotine is also a poison. It causes high blood pressure, respiratory distress, gastrointestinal distress, and can even cause death by overdoes. Furthermore, nicotine is an addictive drug with and its effects on some systems vary from person to person. While withdrawal from nicotine is difficult, the negative effects of nicotine use indicate that it should not be used recreationally.

Works Cited

Christopher, James. Escape from Nicotine Country: How to Stop Smoking Painlessly. New York: Prometheus Books, 1999.

Cigarette Smoking." 2005. American Cancer Society. 14 Mar. 2005

Leung, Melisse. "Tobacco." 2005. American Medical Student Association. 14 Mar. 2005

Pugh, Phyllis. "What are the Effects of Nicotine?" PCP's Place. 1998. Geocities. 14 Mar. 2005

Christopher, James. Escape from Nicotine Country: How to Stop Smoking Painlessly. New York: Prometheus

Books, 1999.

Cigarette Smoking." 2005. American…… [Read More]

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College Students and Designer Drugs

Words: 1551 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 39078142

Exercising, working out, or playing sports?

b. Watching TV?

c. Reading books, magazines, or newspapers?

d. Hanging out with friends?

e. Hanging out at malls, public areas, etc.

f. Working for money

(e.g., bus boy, pizza delivery, waitress)?

8. In the PAST MONTH, how many DAYS did you smoke cigarettes?

3-5 days

21-28 days day

6-10 days

About every day days

11-20 days

9. In the PAST MONTH, how many cigarettes did you smoke?

Less than one cigarette a day to 5 cigarettes a day to 9 cigarettes a day

About 1/2 a pack a day

More than 1/2 a pack a day

10. On how many occasions (if any) have you had alcohol to drink (not just a sip or taste)?

A occasions

10-19 occasions

1-2 occasions

20-39 occasions

3-5 occasions

40 or more occasions

6-9 occasions

11. In the PAST MONTH, how many DAYS did you drink alcohol?…… [Read More]

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Smokers Should Not Pay for Their Own Health Care Costs Incurred From Related Diseases

Words: 1786 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 66917073


Instead, much of the money is being spent on other pork-barrel projects. It is time that the government realize that prohibition did not work in the 1920s and 1930s and it will not work any better in the 21st century. Since the smokers pay taxes already, making them pay for other health care costs is simply adding insult to injury by the chief drug pusher of all -- the federal government. It is the contention of this author that smokers should not pay for their own health care costs incurred from related-diseases.

"Smoke 'em if you got 'em, bum 'em if you don't" used to be the saying in the military prior to every smoke break. However, today, even the United States military is down on smoking. In this short essay, the author will illustrate how criminalizing the behavior of smokers will not cure them of the habit. It…… [Read More]

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Adolescents Begin Smoking Cigarettes It

Words: 1551 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 7098724

This graph shows that some adolescents start to smoke as early as 11 years, but "in general the ages 13 through 18" are the years when most adolescents start. The facts according to "The Teenager's Guide to the Real World" are that "No one starts smoking after age 20." So if a person can make it to the age of 20 without lighting up that first cigarette, he or she might be tobacco-free for the rest of his or her life (


The leading factors as to why boys and girls start smoking as adolescents have been presented in this paper through the available literature. There are many reasons to quit smoking, but more importantly there are more reasons not to start, since habits in the adolescent years are very hard to break. Also, parents, teachers, counselors and other adults in girls' lives should work with them to avoid…… [Read More]

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Local Community Local Regional Community Health

Words: 1581 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 77992869

Encouraging people to report violations for the sake of their health is a final service that nurses can perform to support the ban. People often do not like to report violations, because they feel like 'busybodies' but there is no way that state health inspectors alone can constantly police restaurant owners who illegally look the other way when customers light up. Nurses can remind the public that this legislation was the result of a voter-generated, rather than a politician-generated effort. It must be supported by the public to succeed.

One final criticism of the bill was that smokers will simply go across the border to smoke (Steinberg, 2007). However, proponents point out that, for smokers, there are other options, like patios, personal residences, and other places where they can smoke and not put hospitality workers' lives at risk. And once again, nurses can act as advocates, asking smokers to ask…… [Read More]

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Teen Smoking Behaviors Current Consequences

Words: 3189 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 9699318

e. managerial, social, political, economic benefits are linked to the study's results) the proposed helpful outcomes are realistic (i.e. dealing with questions that can actually be answered through the type of data gathering and analysis you're proposing. The suggested helpful outcomes do not go beyond the data that's to be collected).

The increase in teen smoking may be abating, or may be taking a pause before it continues the climb seen in the past 10 years, from 1996 to 2005. In either case, reducing smoking at an early age has a lifelong effect on individuals' health, and can lead to better quality of life for millions of people who might otherwise take up smoking. A secondary benefit is that lessons learned may help to reduce the current 3.1 million teen smokers, many of whom try smoking and quit -- it would be useful to know why they started in the…… [Read More]

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Modernity the Discourse of Modernity

Words: 3436 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 63570272

The already shaky relationship between the Qatar state and Iranian society was further undermined by the Western exploitation of Iranian resources during the second half of the nineteenth century.

From 1918 until 1921 "British subsidies kept the government afloat, and British military and administrative advisers attempted to reorganize Iran's army and to manipulate the various political factions within the country to British advantage" (Cleveland, 185)*. When Britain added insult to injury by offering Iran a loan in exchange for exclusive advisory privileges, anti-imperial demonstrations broke out in several cities. Widespread discontent grew further. The Qatar government was regarded as ineffective and pro-British. A determined military commander finally took action and put a stop to the chaos.

Reza Khan used the political climate to advance from the position of commander and chief of the army in 1921 to that of the shah of Iran in 1925. His election overthrew the Qatar…… [Read More]

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Adolescent Health Factors Affecting Adolescent

Words: 1928 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 95688895

This includes factors such as peer pressure, family life and the norms and values of society that often are determining factors in the development of the individual.,

The above discussion leads to a number of central conclusions. The first is that there are many interrelated variables that can lead to certain negative patterns of behavior. What is of particular concern is that negative factors such as alcohol and other forms of substance abuse tend to be linked to cultural and social norms thast encourage these patterns of behavior, without taking cognizance of their impact on the health of the individual.

The interrelatedness of these factors also suggests that a comprehensive and detailed study of the various factors that lead to these negative patterns of behavior need to be investigated and understood. There is little doubt that a more comprehensive understanding of the factors and variables that are involved in these…… [Read More]

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Treatment Smoking Cessation Devices Smoking

Words: 2864 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 41621596

The use of pharmacotherapy, including nicotine replacement therapy (NRT), has been shown to increase the likelihood of a successful quit attempt. Smoking cessation has numerous health benefits, including an increase in longevity, even among smokers who quit later in life. Effective smoking cessation policies, including increased NRT availability and use, would be expected to reduce smoking-attributable deaths in the United States. Some concerns have arisen about the safety of long-term NRT use, which could reduce the cessation-related benefits of NRT-aided quit attempts. Hemodynamic effects of nicotine intake have been described, which may have implications for cardiovascular disease risk. However, tobacco smoke contains many toxic compounds that can damage the cardiovascular system, including combustion products such as carbon monoxide and nitrogen oxides; thus, it is not clear what fraction of smoking-related cardiovascular risk may be attributable to nicotine intake. Further, clinical trials have generally shown NRT use to be safe. Concerns…… [Read More]

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Banning Smoking Cigarettes on Campus

Words: 1082 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Paper #: 54725437

Smoking Ban on College Campuses

Colleges and universities across the country should institute a non-smoking or smoke-free campus. The act of smoking tobacco products and its effects on health are clear -- smoking is harmful. Not only is it harmful to the actual smoker, but second hand smoke is harmful to anyone in the near vicinity of the person smoking. Currently on many college campuses students will huddle together by doorways or other common areas such as outdoor benches to feed their habits. They inadvertently create an unsafe environment for many innocent by-standers. Besides the health risks associated with second hand smoke, college and university campuses should also send a clear message to smokers about the importance of health; not only their health, but also the health of others. Universities and colleges are supposed to be a beacon of learning and higher education in society. This position would be strengthened…… [Read More]

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Interest Groups

Words: 1085 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 45277721

Democracy is recognized by most ordinary citizens in the free world as one of the most important components of modern Western society. Indeed, many of the issues around which politics today revolves concern matters of democracy such as equality in the workplace, the right to control one's reproductive rights, the right to carry arms, and so on. All of these rights are connected to the fundamental principle of freedom, which is an important pillar of democracy in today's world. However, as Hudson (2013) rightfully notes, there are those who are opposed to basic democratic principles, not only in foreign countries such as Saudi Arabia, where women are denied many basic rights that an average American woman would take for granted, but also in the United States itself. Despite the principle of promoting democracy via the hands of interest group leaders, some have become so powerful that they are able to…… [Read More]

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Addiction and the Fight Against it Historically

Words: 1806 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 72349471

History Of Addiction

Addiction is an age old phenomena which has existed and has been persistent over the centuries, only difference has been it being acknowledged. People have been and will always be physically dependent on a number of external stimulants that provide them with satisfaction, gratification and enjoyment but when an individual's dependency on certain activities or some of these substances becomes obsessive in a gratuitous way then it is termed as an addiction. The contentment or happiness that was initially associated with stimulants has ceased to be the main reason of one being involved with them and it is slowly turning to the pleasures that are given by the substance or the activity becoming the life line of that person and hence ends up being a very crucial part of the person's existence and their survival (Senwor, 2010).

Different forms of addiction

Unlike the old schools of thoughts…… [Read More]

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Business Organization and Management

Words: 1915 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 15760922

Business Management

Discuss specific challenges that managers face in each of the following industries that were less important five years ago.

An important challenge in the apparel industry today was also present five years ago but has become increasingly important in the interim (and looks to become increasingly important still in the years to come) is that of the difficulty that American businesses have in competing with companies overseas. This is arguably true in all fields but is especially so in those fields in which there is a high need for long hours of relatively unskilled labor.

Making clothes is a very labor-intensive process and all such industries (in both heavy and light manufacturing) are experiencing problems in today's marketplace. The decision this month of Levi Strauss to close its last American plant and to have all of its garments produced overseas is emblematic of the fact that it may…… [Read More]

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Bipolar Psychiatric Disorder Bd -- Which Is

Words: 3047 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 67751574

Bipolar psychiatric disorder (BD) -- which is characterized by "…cycles of depression and mania" -- is a "euphoric, high-energy state" that can produce remarkable bursts of creativity or, on the other hand, can produce erratic behavioral events that are risky and provocative (Gardner, 2011). About 2.4% of the world's population has been diagnosed with bipolar disorder (at one time or another in their lifetime) but the rate in the United States (4.4% of the population) is the highest of any nation (Gardner, p. 1). The lowest rate on record is in India, 0.1%. This paper reviews various aspects and ramifications of the effects of bipolar disorder through nine peer-reviewed research articles.

Bipolar disorder and cigarette smoking

In the journal Bipolar Disorders the authors point out that adults suffering from bipolar disorder are "…two to three times more likely" have begun a serious smoking habit, which is a "devastating addiction" and…… [Read More]

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Student Smoking Behavior

Words: 900 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 25896854

Students Smoking Behavior

The rates of campus students smoking have fluctuated over a period of the last twenty years. Most of the lifelong smokers' start their smoking habit before they reach the age of 24 years. This therefore means those campus years are a very crucial time when it comes to any study of cigarette smoking. Cigar rete smoking in campus has now become a very serious issue in public health issue. This has led to an increase in campus wide bans in smoking alongside other preventive programs in place to reduce students smoking rates. There are several economic, social and environmental factors that have been associated with the increase of smoking around campus students. Some of these factors are low socioeconomic status, students who have parents, close friends and relatives who smoke the acceptance as well as positive views of peers who smoke the exposure and high availability of…… [Read More]

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Smoking Behaviors Among WOMEN& 8230 Smoking Behaviors Young

Words: 1945 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 66583284

Smoking Behaviors Among Women…

Smoking Behaviors Young Adult Women

Smoking Behaviors among U.S. Women Ages 18-30

Smoking Behaviors among U.S. Women Ages 18-30

The issue of tobacco smoking is increasingly becoming an essential element to discussions about community and individual health. As smoking and all of its side effects and co-morbidities are the most preventable behaviors and diseases in the world (Bricker, Rajan, Andersen, & Peterson, 2005). The diseases and/or conditions directly associated with smoking are the most deadly group of diseases there are and yet young people continue to begin smoking at alarming rates (Munafo, & Black, 2007). This work will specifically look at the identifiable social/cultural and personal reasons why people and specifically young women ages 18-30 in the U.S. begin smoking in the first place.

The work proposed will be a mixed methods research methodology that utilizes both qualitative and quantitative data. In general, most of the…… [Read More]

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Production Possibilities Production Possibility Curves Are Representation

Words: 2527 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 72793006

Production Possibilities

Production possibility curves are representation of the amount of two different goods that can be obtained by shifting resources from the production of one, to the production of the other. In addition, the graph represents maximum specified production level of one commodity that results given the production level of the other (Samuelson, 1962). The curve is used to describe consumers' choice between two different goods.

The curves represent a wide range of economic factors; scarcity, opportunity costs, and choice. According to the curve, scarcity is the fundamental economic problems all societies face; opportunity cost being the cost of anything used in the production in terms of what has to be given; these costs could be financial, but they could include individuals' time and other intangibles. Besides, the possibility curve shows two products and the consumer has the choice to choose the best one between them.

An individual earning…… [Read More]

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Smoking the American Cancer Society Acs Reports

Words: 1036 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 3668356


The American Cancer Society (ACS) reports that one in five deaths in the United States is the result of tobacco use. The Surgeon General issued a statement in 1982 that is still true thirty years later: "Cigarette smoking is the major single cause of cancer mortality [death] in the United States" (Leo Rosen, 2011). The effects of cigarette smoking can be deadly and perhaps surprisingly, less than half the deaths associated with smoking are cancer-related. Emphysema, heart disease, and stroke are among the fatal consequences of smoking. The effects of cigarette smoking also can be seen in diseases that are not immediately life-threatening, such as asthma and peripheral vascular disease (PVD), but they nevertheless bring a great deal of suffering and cost billions of dollars each year to treat.

There are more deaths associated with smoking than from HIV, illegal drug use, alcohol use, motor vehicle injuries, suicides, and…… [Read More]

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Drugs and Alcohol Issues Many Americans Have

Words: 1534 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 24549513

Drugs and Alcohol Issues

Many Americans have trouble getting to sleep. As a results they may turn to sleeping pills to help them get some ZZZs. How do you feel about the prescribing of sleeping pills for people to assist them with sleeping? Should our medical industry instead be writing prescriptions for vigorous activity which would also help people sleep better? How about a prescription for caffeine avoidance?

There is nothing wrong with physicians recommending non-pharmaceutical alternatives to insomnia or any other medical or health problem. However, the autonomous rights of patient make it inappropriate for the physician to substitute his or her values for those of the patient. The physician's duty is to disclose all relevant information and to provide good-faith advice; but the ultimate choice of modality to address a given problem must always remain with the patient.

On some level, the same criticism of using sleeping pills…… [Read More]

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Natural Remission Has Had on the Addiction

Words: 2625 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 86323293

Natural Remission Has Had on the Addiction Field

Spontaneous remission from addiction is often referred to under different titles. These include, natural recovery, maturing out, and unassisted change. All of these titles refer to the process of recovering or being in remission from an addiction without the intervention of conventional methods and techniques of addiction treatment. Until fairly recently the idea of spontaneous remission had been vilified in the medical profession as being misleading and even dangerous. A paper by Chiauzzi and Liljegren ( 1993) entitled Taboo topics in addiction treatment: an empirical review of clinical folklore, stated that the concept of natural recovery was identified as a ... Taboo topic, stating that disease model advocates had put forth a tautological argument that an ability to cease addictive behaviors on one's own suggests that the individual was not addicted in the first place, .the failure to seek treatment for a…… [Read More]

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Legalization of Marijuana

Words: 1284 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 21318621

Legalizing Marijuana

Any drug that alters the brain chemistry, impairs cognitive functions, and creates an addictive personality cannot be recommended as safe. While there is no suppressing the fact that controlling illegal marijuana use continues to be a financial and administrative bottleneck, they are overridden by the potential harmful health consequences of legalizing marijuana.

Marijuana has been in use for thousands of years for its medicinal properties. With the development of new synthetic drugs there was a gradual decline in its use from the early part of the 20th century. Today however, though illegal, it continues to be a widely used drug in the United States for both recreational and medicinal purposes. In the year 2000 alone there were more than 2.4 million new users of marijuana and the drug is supposedly consumed by more than 76% of all drug users. [NCADI] The comparatively safer and proven remedial properties of…… [Read More]

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Economic Effect of Legalizing Drugs

Words: 2438 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 41551324

Economic Effect of Legalizing Drugs

The program for banning the trading and using of narcotic drugs like cocaine, heroine, and marijuana is one of the most essential public welfare program, attracting so much political discourse on the effectiveness of the 'war on drugs' and the substitute programs like legalization, rehabilitation through decriminalization, drug treatment, and medical marijuana. Economists vehemently criticized the success of the war on drugs pointing to the adverse consequences like violent crime and corruption, and suggested the substitute programs like drug legalization and decriminalization. Milton Friedman has since been upheld the legalization of drugs. Garry, Becker, George Schultz, Thomas Sowell and William Niskanan have also approved the liberalization strategy. (Prohibition vs. Legalization: Do Economists Reach a Conclusion on Drug Policy?)

The legalization envisages exerting regulatory government control over drug sales more practically through the state clinics or stores. There is stringent ban on the advertisement, declaring the…… [Read More]

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Smoking of Cigarettes Is a

Words: 1131 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 72480615

(Covey) Setting goals is important but sponsoring such goals is even more important. According to the book "Approximately 80% of smokers express a desire to quit smoking and a substantial number have attempted to quit. In addition to the consumer-induced demand, increasing yet still insufficient numbers of clinicians and provider organizations are referring patients to cessation services or developing their own cessation programs." (Covey)

The scarcity of such programs and the cost association with participating in these programs is all the more reason why government sponsored programs are essential. The book also explains that many health insurance plans do not cover smoking cessation programs. (Covey)

This places more of the financial burden on the addict and makes it more difficult to quit. Some government sponsored cessation programs exist. In addition, there have been bills that encourage government sponsored cessation programs. (Center for Tobacco Cessation) One such bill is the MCH…… [Read More]

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Decriminalization of Marijuana

Words: 2090 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 98169451

Decriminalization of Marijuana

Ever since marijuana was declared an illegal drug in the U.S.A. By the passing of the Marijuana Tax Act in 1937 under dubious circumstances, there has been a realization among various groups of people that it was a mistake. However, almost 70 years on, and despite a watertight case in support of its decriminalization, marijuana -- a drug which is arguably less harmful than tobacco and alcohol -- continues to be illegal in the U.S. Of A. In this essay I shall argue why marijuana should be decriminalized without further delay by demonstrating that it is a relatively harmless drug and explaining the benefits of legalizing the drug.

Before I proceed to present arguments in support of decriminalization of marijuana let us ponder over two important questions: a) whether marijuana is a sufficiently dangerous, harmful or addictive drug to justify its prohibition? b) Has the prohibition of…… [Read More]

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Negative Effects of Marijuana Presently

Words: 1807 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 4474438

This engages a calm and quiet, however from time to time overjoyed state of mind. At high dosages, it can cause illusions. The consequences last from two to four hours after the drug is used and it mostly leaves the user of the marijuana in a calm condition for more than a few hours after getting high. One of the main invigorating properties is that temporary memory is reserved for the period of the high. Opinions may seem indistinct and it might be hard for a user to deliberate on rational difficult ideas like arithmetic. Long-standing causes have been disputed for several years. There are alleges of a motivational condition where the users marijuana are said to depart from civilization and lose their objective. (Buckley, William F., 1997).

Conclusion whether cannabis usage effects enduring physical or psychological alterations in its users is still under question. The most solemn distress is…… [Read More]

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Smoking From the Beginning of

Words: 325 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 48068990

Thus, he is presenting it as it would presumably be ok for children to smoke. Along with Eckhart, the movie presents an alcohol merchandiser and a gun trafficker and the three of them as a team fighting about who sells the most dangerous article. Eckhart proves to be scruples and able to use almost any method to create a good image for tobacco in the U.S.

The film leaves the audience with a better understanding of how easily people can be influenced by mass-media and crafty spokesmen. Americans are known for their reluctance from accepting T.V. broadcasts as being true, but films as "Thank you for smoking" often prove suppositions of being wrong.

Eckhart, as almost any demagogue is shown as having trouble in his personal life because of the lies that he tells. Moreover, in reality, he seems to have a different opinion when concerning the consequences of tobacco…… [Read More]

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Proposition of Value -- Policy

Words: 828 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 13259038

However, a consideration of each element of that argument reveals that it is a flawed position.

The most effective way of preventing minors from obtaining marijuana would be for government authorities to regulate and control its lawful distribution. There may be now way to ever guarantee that minors will not obtain marijuana, but that problem would be comparable to the current problem of minors obtaining alcohol and cigarettes. Given the choices, it would be preferable for government authorities to do their best to control unauthorized purchases the way the government regulates alcohol and tobacco instead of allowing illegal drug dealers to determine who purchases their products. The characterization of marijuana as a "gateway" drug is biased because it assumes that neither alcohol nor tobacco is a "drug" (Dershowitz, 2002). In fact, there is no rational basis for excluding alcohol or tobacco in that regard, particularly because, statistically, both are "gateway"…… [Read More]

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Substance Abuse and Cognitive Therapy

Words: 1740 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 99772242

Cross-cultural evidence shows that drinking abuse will be low in any group in which drinking "customs, values and sanctions are clear, agreed upon by all, consistent with other customs of the group and characterized by prescriptions for moderate drinking and proscriptions against immoderate drinking" (1995). Prohibition in America has obviously proven unsuccessful as it has in other locations as well, the approach that is taken today is a prohibitionist impulse in the "controversial control-of-consumption approach" (1995). When it comes to alcohol and drugs in the United States, there is a desire for policymakers (and others) to manipulate and control the behavior of others (something endemic to humans) (1995).


Healthcare professionals who treat substance abusing clients must recognize the powerful nature of these drugs and the controlling effects they have on people's lives. The fact that tens of millions of Americans continue to engage in substance abusing…… [Read More]

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Should Canada Decriminalize Marijuana

Words: 1839 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 60865683

Decriminalize Marijuana in Canada

The question as to whether Canada should decriminalize the use, sale, and cultivation of marijuana has been debated over the past few years, and the debate has taken a sharper turn now that it is being decriminalized in Colorado and soon in Washington State.

What are the economic and social benefits of making marijuana legal in Canada -- and what is the residual impact on human health? Given that today there are glaring inconsistencies in Canadian law regarding marijuana -- as opposed to the legal sale of alcohol and tobacco -- how does the Canadian government propose to adjust its current laws if indeed marijuana becomes legal? These are the pertinent questions to be answered in this paper.

Thesis: The position of this writer is that Canada should proceed to decriminalize marijuana and remove the label of "controlled substance" -- because marijuana does less harm to…… [Read More]

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Ethical Issue at Work

Words: 641 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 11786699

Ethical Argument: Smoking in the Workplace

In 1994, the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) defined second- hand tobacco smoke as a potential workplace hazard, estimating that as many as 14,000 workers die each year from the effects of exposure to passive tobacco smoke. The National Cancer

Institute endorsed much higher estimates, according to which as many as 65,000 Americans die each year from heart disease and lung cancer caused by inhaling secondhand smoke (Washington Post, 2004). Since then, many states have instituted legislation prohibiting smoking in the workplace and the FAA has imposed an outright smoking ban on commercial aircraft, which many smokers view as an infringement of their rights.


While anti-smoking legislation certainly does affect the rights of smokers, it is justified on the basis of comparing the relative imposition on smokers to the rights of non-smokers to a healthy work environment. Certainly, smokers have the same…… [Read More]

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Statistic Data From Department of Epidemiology and

Words: 641 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 63073192

Statistic Data From Department of Epidemiology and Medical Informatics, National Institute of Health


Every second person in Armenia, irrespective of sex, is a smoker. Only 15% of the population have never smoked before WOMEN and SMOKING

53,6% smoked some time in the past

39,6% smoke

Chart indicates % of women smoke... cigarettes per day

Chart indicates that in Armenia among the smoking women the percentage of women with higher education is significantly more than those having secondary education.

Qui Hing

Tobacco and Teenagers

In Armenia about half of the smokers start smoking reaching the age of 18, 36,6% of teenagers are smoke

Number of cigarettes per day

Boys and girls

Boys and young men in Armenia start smoking much sooner than girls, more than a half of a yang men start doing it before reaching the age of 18. Absolute majority of girls in Armenia start smoking after the…… [Read More]

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Marijuana Legalization

Words: 3159 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 58309039

Marijuana Legalization

Marijuana, also known as marihuana, is a drug that is taken from Cannabis sativa, a hemp plant. It is one of the most frequently used and popular drugs in the world along with caffeine, nicotine, and alcohol. The United States of America is one of the world's leading producers of marijuana where it is generally smoked and is also referred to as weed or reefer by the citizens ("marijuana").

Marijuana has been known for lowering testosterone levels and sperm counts in males and raising testosterone levels in females. It has a damaging effect on the fetus of the pregnant women and consequently results in poor development of the child. Evidence has proved the affects of marijuana on the normal maturation of teenagers. It is also found to affect the short-term memory and intellectual capacity of its users. Intense users of marijuana frequently sustain lung damage and its heavy…… [Read More]