Victorian Era Essays (Examples)

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Manchester Town Hall and St Pancras New Church

Words: 1609 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 20096353

London has a rich architectural history. Some of the most popular buildings today come from the 19th century when Victorian Gothic architecture was popular. St. Pancras New Church offers a take at Greek revival style with a brick build, faced with Portland stone. Another Victorian style building, Manchester Town Hall, while built in the same century as St. Pancras, has its differences thanks to the rapid expansion and accompanying pollution so frequently seen in Victorian cities. Both structures hallmarks of British Victorian architecture, but also indelibly varied and indicative of the skill and engineering of the architects of the era.

Pancras Paris Church, also called St. Pancras New Church is a Greek Revival church located in St. Pancras, London. The structure was constructed in three years from 1819-1822 and designed by Henry William and William Inwood. Placed along the south side of Euston Road and the northern boundary of Bloomsbury,…… [Read More]

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Great War on Modern Western

Words: 477 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 76989882

Further, the modern novel also focuses on issues of social and historical change and the use of such points-of-view as stream of consciousness. Other typical characteristics of modernism are open form, free verse, discontinuous narrative, juxtaposition, classical allusions, unconventional metaphors and the bringing in of other cultures and languages.

Clearly, the experiences of the Great War had a lasting effect on its generation of writers. Many of them served in the military during the war, such as Ernest Hemingway, and witnessed the atrocities personally. The disillusionment felt by this generation at the notion of so many deaths for no real reason created a mentality of pessisims and questioning of society as it has been. This sense of disillusionment was expressed in their writing, where the great writers shunned the traditions of the Romantic and Victorian eras and instead created works that focused on human misery, suffering and cruelty. They incorporated…… [Read More]

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Coco Channel

Words: 2803 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 8834011

CO Chanel

Today, the term "designer" is too often associated with people who churn out clothing lines every season. In this sense, Gabrielle "Coco" Chanel stands as a breed apart. Fashion analysts today attribute the birth of modern fashion to Coco Chanel. She is viewed as a woman and an artist ahead of her time. Her clothing influenced not only the way women dress, but the way women define femininity. In this sense, Chanel is very much a part of the modern artistic movement, along with the likes of Pablo Picasso and Jean Cocteau.

This paper examines the many facets of Coco Chanel's artistry. The first part of the paper looks at Chanel as a product of her social environment, discussing the factors that have contributed to the evolution of Chanel's style and clothing designs. The next part then looks at Chanel's designs and choice of fabrics. Chanel never defined…… [Read More]

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Literature Theory and Gothic Fiction

Words: 2129 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 3488903

Gothic Literature

Art, as defined by Plato in his paradigmatic work The Republic, serves both as a definition qua definition - a way of telling us what art should be in and of itself - and as an exemplar of other aspects of society. Plato was fundamentally concerned with the relationship between the world and art (including all media of art) because he argued passionately that the true purpose of literature was a mimetic one. Art should, in other worlds, imitate life in all things and as closely as possible. (Aristotle, one of Plato's students, would extend this idea of Plato's even farther.) This paper examines how Plato's understanding of the form and function of art can help us to situate the epistemological stance of Gothic Victorian literature - a set of literary endeavors that was also deeply committed to the mimetic, although not precisely in the way that Plato…… [Read More]

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Nights at the Circus Is a Fairy

Words: 2611 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 26144005

Nights at the Circus" is a fairy tale in the modern times. It revolves around the circus star, Sophie Fevvers, who is half-human and half-swan, and who is the passionate object of professional and moral pursuit of Jack Walser, a devout journalist who must seriously investigate into the truth or falsity of this half-human, half-animal phenomenon. Fevvers is surrounded by equally phenomenal characters, such as the prophesying pig named "Sybil,," the clown Boffo, the circus owner Colonel Kearney, Mignon and Lizzie. Wasler's intense investigation leads him to join the circus team, disguised as a clown, in order to complete and satisfy his obsession of getting to the bottom of Fevver's mysterious person and reality. In the course of their togetherness -- which begins in London, proceeds to Petersburg and Siberia and returns to London --, it is Wasler who transforms from his selfish point of reference to a childlike one,…… [Read More]

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Mass Media and Female Body Image During

Words: 2472 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 95746341

Mass Media and Female Body Image

During the last two centuries, there has been an unprecedented transformation of the role of females in modern society. Females are being increasingly perceived as empowered agents of their own destiny instead of helpless, docile women. However, the legacy of females as passive objects of male desire casts a giant shadow on the female psyche and female self-confidence. Thesis: Cultural influences such as mass media exert such a harmful influence on female body image because standardized ideals of female beauty harm the ability of individual females to find a suitable male mate and reproduce, thereby threatening the fundamental biological impulse for females to settle down and start a family.

Cultural Factors in Shaping the "Ideal Body"

An Ancient Form of Mass Media: Greek Sculpture

The very first influences on society's understanding of the body came through, as they do now, media. The form of…… [Read More]

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Abusive Relationships Women in Abusive Relationships the

Words: 2802 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 39646361

Abusive Relationships

Women in Abusive Relationships

The Bureau of Justice Statistics (2006) states that during the 1990's, the major reason for 22% of divorce cases in the American society was violence. In a similar context, among all the female victims who were murdered during 2003, approximately 30% were slaughtered by their husbands and boyfriends. Such thought provoking and disappointing statistics show the ongoing violence being faced by women which is not only limited to the American society, but is spread throughout the world. Hence, while evaluating the greater truth of abusive relationships, the functionalist and the conflict perspectives come across a number of consequences which are challenging to resolve.

The distinguishing features of an abusive relationship include feelings of extreme jealousy, anger, frustration, rage, threatening the partner, deceitfulness and lies. In other words, it is the exploitation of the partner via verbal, sexual, emotional and/or physical abuse. Abusive relationships have…… [Read More]

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Self Is Empty Toward a

Words: 1612 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 87967478

An empty self wishes for nothing more than to e guided and taken care of, easy prey for an abuse therapist, or even one who is not intentionally abusive but is not trained to recognize and understand the underlying issues. Wide and varied research supports Cushman's theory on this point, proving that decontextualization of the individual, the devaluation of the patience, a belief in the universality of a therapeutic technology and the encouragement of idealization can all lead to therapeutic abuse (608). Cushman compares patients who are exploited by life-style therapy to people who are victimized by cults. Their empty selves make them susceptible to feeling "transformed" because they cannot see themselves within a larger communal matrix. Cushman argues that a main component of preventing this kind of abuse is part of what he is after in writing this article -- straightforward talk about life-style solutions and their possible dangers.…… [Read More]

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Great War Social Technological Changes of the 1920s

Words: 2912 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 1363907

Gender and Sex after World War I

We usually assume that great changes in American sexual behavior began just after World War I; however, Maurer (1976) argues that there was foreshadowing as far back as the 19th century. The woman's rights movement, a tendency to violate sexual taboos (called free love), and a preoccupation with blander forms of Marxism dramatically came together in the United States at the end of the war. When The Great War was over and the men came home, they found a different world in the making. For one thing, women finally got the vote after a nearly 100-year struggle. Social change was everywhere, not the least of which were modified sexual mores and new ideas about sex.

The 1920s were a time of great optimism. There was a general belief that sociology and psychology were going to the make the world a better place. Now…… [Read More]

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Dracula - Bram Stoker's Immortal Count the

Words: 3104 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 70445232

Dracula - Bram Stoker's Immortal Count, the Modern Anti-Hero and Fallen Angel of Romantic Dreams

Dracula, written by Bram (Abraham) Stoker in 1897, and was originally published by Archibald Constable and Company. The modern version is Published by Penguin Classics, London. Dracula is set in 1893, 4 years prior to the books published date of 1897, Bram Stoker takes the reader from the journey of a young Solicitor named Jonathon Harker through to a series of individual accounts that give the reader the understanding of how Victorian life and how classes were supposed to act.

Stoker has used a mix of narratives using the past tense in the form of Journals, diaries, personal letters and recordings collectively assembled by one of the characters during the book.

Apart from the main character of the book that is Dracula, who is actually absent from the novel for nearly three quarters of the…… [Read More]

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Nominated for the 2001 Booker

Words: 2169 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 20278643

"All you family assumed it for all my education… I was still little better than a servant, still not to be trusted." The real dysfunction, then, goes far beyond the Tallis estate, and is more clearly a broader sociological dysfunction embedded within society. "He laughed politely, though he must have thought me profoundly stupid. It is quite impossible these days to assume anything about people's educational level from the way they talk or dress or from their taste in music. Safest to treat everyone you meet as a distinguished intellectual." (p. 342).

Instead of following this path, however, the circumstances surrounding that tragic evening cause both sisters to rethink their role as women, and members of society, in favor of a service career -- nursing. Cecilia travels to London, becomes a nurse, and cuts herself completely away from the family. Cecilia is so ashamed of her family, not only is…… [Read More]

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How Setting Is Used in Dracula

Words: 649 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Book Review Paper #: 13964636

Dracula

Bram Stoker's Dracula represented for the Victorian reader the assault of the libertine on Victorian sexual morality. Dracula was a predator who stalked at night and had the capacity to transform himself into a beast in order to escape deduction. His method was seduction, which led to death, and in an age when propriety concealed all such discussions as sexual adventurism (which had to some extent characterized the preceding Romantic Era with another author of Gothic fiction Mary Shelley depicted her husband the poet Percy through the lens of Dr. Frankenstein, the man bent on using pure Reason to achieve his ludicrous aim), Dracula served up a hearty dish of danger and taboo that gave the Victorian audience exactly what it wanted -- a whiff of the underlying sexual tension that the moral code of the time disallowed in public. Prying open Dracula's coffin was like prying open the…… [Read More]

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Environmental Theory and Emancipatory Knowledge

Words: 5800 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 66395592

Nightingale met a friend Richard Monckton Miles in 1842. Then in 1844, Nightingale asked Dr. Howe if she could do a charitable job in a hospital like the catholic nuns, and refused her marriage to her cousin, Henry Nicholson. By 1845, Nightingale started training herself in the nearby Salisbury Hospital, but her parents were not happy about it, seeing nursing as an inappropriate job for a well to do woman like their daughter. In the next year, Nightingale began teaching herself from the government blue books. In the meantime, Monckton Miles wanted to marry her, but soon she travelled to Rome, Italy with friends to avoid him. (Britain unlimited, 2009). Finally, after she attended the Herbert's Charmouth convalescent home, her knowledge was recognized. In 1849, after refusing finally to Miles proposal, she decided to go to Egypt while accompanying her friends, the Bracebridges. They then travelled through Europe, and ended…… [Read More]

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Comparison Between Count Dracula and Hannibal Lector

Words: 12217 Length: 30 Pages Document Type: Dissertation or Thesis complete Paper #: 95426198

Count Dracula and Hanibal Lector

Program Authorized

to Offer Degree

The Analysis of Count Dracula and Hanibal Lector

Identities of Count Dracula and Hannibal

Supernatural Powers

Gender and Sexuality

Blood-Drinking

The relation between Dracula and his victims

Hannibal Lecter

Power

Gender and Sexuality

Criminal Mind of Hannibal: Justification of Diagnosis

Hannibal's Relations with his Victims

The Power of Horror

Dracula

Silence of the Lambs

Count Dracula

Van Helsing

Lucy

Mina

Jonathan

Hannibal Lecter

Clarice

Grumb

Mischa

Starling

Vocabulary

Deployment- the arms and equipment with which a military unit or military apparatus is supplied.

Sentence: "I suggest that we add Winchesters to our deployment." (324).

Dexterously- dexterous; nimble; skillful; clever

Sentence: "He really continued then, quickly and dexterously, to carry out his intent." (128).

Disquietude - the state of uneasiness; discomfort.

Sentence: "…it was not right in my heart to believe that I was really hoping to keep anything from her…… [Read More]

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Sarah Orne Jewett and Feminism

Words: 2040 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 73988265

Throughout her novels and short stories, Jewett uses the weakness or malicious of the male characters to allow her female characters more power and therefore independence. Many scholars also believe that Jewett was also commenting on the decreased importance of the old New England male image of fisherman and provider of the household. As New England itself became industrialized, the role of the sole provider as the male failed to keep its significance which would then increase the separation between male and females. Therefore, Jewett sometimes intentionally paralyzes the male characters within New England contexts, and then places more social and economic power within the hands of the women of New England; who she portrays as much more adaptable then their male counterparts.

In the midst of this failing male patriarchal system, Jewett presents a myriad of strong female characters who are more than amble to handle life without such…… [Read More]

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Parenting in Henry James's Novels

Words: 1202 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Paper #: 21035262

Henry James's work is not only a book about bad parenting, as it is not a book about relationships. It is about a fragmented and decadent society where normal values, such as caring for your child and offering her a loving home, become relative. This relativism of values leaves the character without a norm and without intrinsic knowledge about doing what is right.

Maisie's parents are not necessarily bad people in a complex meaning of the concept of "bad," just as Mrs. Wix, no matter how much the reader gets attached to her because of the way she adores Maisie, is not a sublimely good person. At least, despite developing interesting characters, James's objective is not to define good and bad and categorize his characters accordingly. I believe his goal is to see what the characters are doing and how they are behaving in a particular societal context, namely that…… [Read More]

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White on Black

Words: 729 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 8256192

accepting slavery in the west may never be uncovered to a level of acceptance of those who suffered under the terrible treatment. Slavery was an unjust and evil order which structured society on the basis of skin color, nationality, and land ownership. While understanding this concept is difficult to some, alternate theories which have been brought forth over the past three decades as a result of the merging of advancing sociology, psychological, and political studies are even more difficult to comprehend, unless the proponents of the same are still holding an axe which needs to be ground.

One such theory is expounded in White on Black. The article, which propounds to be a piece of scholarly research, attempts to piece together apples and oranges in order to create a reasonable theory. But what seems to be more the object of the article is to give black Americans, and blacks world…… [Read More]

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Cather a Quote From a

Words: 2302 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 65365355

This reveals the more liberated ideals of the west and of the pioneer culture. First, Alexandra envisions herself "being lifted and carried lightly by some one very strong. He was with her a long while this time, and carried her very far, and in his arms she felt free from pain." The masculine figure takes the place of the gossamer female angel. She is about to be subsumed by the ethereal lover. "When he laid her down on her bed again, she opened her eyes, and, for the first time in her life, she saw him, saw him clearly, though the room was dark, and his face was covered." Here, gender roles are again reversed as they are in the previous passage when the man is the angel. The man is now being veiled, his "face was covered." Veil is usually used to conceal the woman's but not the man's…… [Read More]

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Memory and Place of Carlton

Words: 3276 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 30816634

).

Waverley Park was designed for and reflected a demographic shift in Melbourne's population away from the inner suburbs to the south and east. Waverley Park was a symbol of, and a contributor to, the shift of the locus of power within the Victorian, later Australian, Football League from the clubs to the league, a change whose consequences are still being felt in 2000. The stadium reflected an Australian tradition of multi-sports facilities despite its genesis in Australian Rules, both in its conception and subsequent development. Waverley Park played a significant role in the development of post-war Australian football, cricket and baseball. In April 2000 it was nominated for the Victorian Heritage Register by the City of Greater Dandenong (Hay et al.).

Waverley reflected also a major geographic shift, taking the game away from the traditional inner urban areas to outlying suburbs where a more affluent society with discretionary income…… [Read More]

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Gothic Imagination in Fiction

Words: 1774 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 22792897

Heart of Darkness and Apocalypse Now We do not generally link the dark vision of Joseph Conrad's "Heart of Darkness" to the fripperies of Jane Austen, but we should do so because these writers can be seen as important bookmarks to the era of the modern novel and we cannot understand Conrad's work without understanding its connections to his time. By looking back to a writer like Austen we can seen how much had changed in the world at large and in the world of the novel during the Victorian era and the ways in which authors had begun to lose faith in the power of language to represent, to contain and to describe language.

We cannot understand Conrad's relationship to language without understanding the larger context within which literature was created and consumed. From the coronation of Queen Victoria in 1837 until her death in 1901, was an era…… [Read More]

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Doll's House by Henrik Ibsen and Trifles

Words: 1136 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 18721960

Doll's House" by Henrik Ibsen, and "Trifles" by Susan Glaspell. Specifically, it will compare and contrast Torvald and his attitude toward Nora in the play, to the men's attitudes toward women in the play "Trifles." Both these pieces show women treated simply as idiotic "things" by the men in the pieces, but the women are clearly smarter than the men are, and it is the men who end up looking idiotic in the end.

MEN'S ATTITUDES TOWARD WOMEN

Trifles" tells the tale of a woman driven to the "end of her rope" by a spiteful, mean-spirited man, but it is also a story for all women, celebrating how they can band together in a crisis. Mrs. Hale and Mrs. Peters sense immediately what Mrs. Wright was dealing with, and they attempt to protect her when the men begin to criticize her housekeeping skills. They astutely note, "MRS. HALE. No, I…… [Read More]

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Domestic Prison Gender Roles and Marriage the

Words: 3215 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Thesis Paper #: 58318174

Domestic Prison

Gender Roles and Marriage

The Domestic Prison: James Thurber's "Secret Life of Walter Mitty" and Kate Chopin's "The Story of an Hour"

James Thurber's "The Secret Life of Walter Mitty" (1939) and "The Story of an Hour" (1894) by Kate Chopin depict marriage as a prison for both men and women from which the main characters fantasize about escaping. Louise Mallard is similar to the unnamed narrator in Charlotte Perkins Gilman's "The Yellow Wallpaper" is that they are literally imprisoned in a domestic world from which there is no escape but death or insanity. As in all of this early feminist fiction, the women characters are defined as 'sick', either physically or mentally, for even imaging a situation on which they might be free, for they are allowed no lives of their own. Louise Mallard was overjoyed when she heard that her husband was killed in an accident,…… [Read More]

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Gender in Poetry Literature Lesson Duration

Words: 1983 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 71176397

Gender in Poetry / Literature Lesson

Lesson Duration

mins

Rational: This is an introduction to the gender issues which were so prevalent in the Victorian era, and a backdrop to show why they still exist today and the harm they can inflict.

Syllabus Outcome: This part of the lesson helps meet outcome 1, or the ability to interpret meanings and themes within texts. By using abstract thinking processes, the students will make connections between the texts presented and show how they are, or are not related. According to the research, "A student responds to and composes increasingly sophisticated and sustained texts for understanding, interpretation, critical analysis and pleasure" (Board of Studies for NSW 2003 p 32).

Syllabus Content: This will help meet outcome 4, where "a student selects and uses languages forms and features, and structures of texts according to different purposes, audiences and contexts, and describes and explains their…… [Read More]

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Version of Wilde's Play and

Words: 821 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 99975604

People living double lives and the adult themes associated with many of the main characters' forays were hard to talk about openly at the time of its writing. But the play allowed people an insight into others' lives, and also gave them an outlet for their own thoughts, since the Victorian era was relatively repressive. This is also important to remember when considering the 2002 Parker adaptation. This version had the same themes, but in a modern times contextual way. This helps current audiences relate to the same feelings and emotions that 1890's audiences were able to.

The Parker adaptation takes Wilde's original concept and sheds new light on it. While it retains the same setting, the lines in the Parker version are delivered by modern actors and actresses. In a way, it is entirely impossible to capture the exact same meaning, tone, structure, and themes if the linguistics are…… [Read More]

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Women and the Homefront in Western North Carolina and Eastern Tennessee During the Civil War

Words: 11672 Length: 31 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 56537237

Women and the Home Front in Western North Carolina and Eastern Tennessee during the Civil War

This paper examines the living conditions and attitudes that shaped the lives of the women in western North Carolina and eastern Tennessee during and after the American Civil War. The thesis statement should deal with the breakdown of long standing ties between the people of the mountains as they chose to fight for the Confederacy or the Union. In the pre-war years, these close ties had become strong out of a mutual attempt to try to built a life in the rugged environment they encountered. Based on primary and secondary documentary evidence, this paper will investigate how could friends and family become bitter enemies and how this process played out in the mountains of western North Carolina and eastern Tennessee to better understand what the women went through while their brothers, husbands and fathers…… [Read More]

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Architectural Analysis Unidentified Brick Building India

Words: 1002 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 81490889

Indian Architecture

In the photographs provided, the building's architectural context has quite obviously changed over time.

The oldest-looking photo of the three shows little development in the surrounding area, while the placement of trees on the building's immediate ground looks artful.

The other two photos are more recent, as one shows subsequent development in the area behind the building.

One give a glimpse of a large white building whose twentieth-century style does not sit entirely harmoniously with the Victorian-seeming construction of the building under consideration -- and also shows broken windows visible in the main central tower.

The other photo displays recent blight and disrepair on a smaller building -- advertising posters, missing bricks and roof tiles -- although it's not clear whether this smaller building is part of the larger complex around the building under consideration.

One other noteworthy bit of context can be glimpsed in the oldest of…… [Read More]

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Race and Ethnicity

Words: 3212 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 87630652

Race, Ethnicity, And Utopia

The idea of a perfect society is very important in human cultures everywhere. Most cultures and religions talk about a time long ago when the world was perfect. Stories of long lost "golden ages" or the "Garden of Eden" hold memories of a better world that has been somehow left behind. When those longings are expressed in speculative fiction, dreamers may imagine the existence of a fantastical or future perfect society, in which the class and racial tensions will be erased and humans will live in social and economic peace. These imagined worlds are called Utopias, a name invented by Thomas Moore, who penned one of the most famous Utopian novels. Utopianism has a long and proud history as a philosophical and social movement. Among the many problems that Utopian thinkers may address is the issue of race. Race and ethnicity are increasingly powerful and important…… [Read More]

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Down East and What Society

Words: 1826 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 29681239

In this scene Anna points at Sanderson and identifies him as "the man who betrayed me," but it makes no difference. She is banished. Sanderson is not. David, the Squire's son who is in love with her, is shocked and anguished to learn the truth about his beloved, that she is not a pure and moral woman. Everyone jumps to the conclusion that Anna is "wanton" and immoral -- she probably likes sex and cannot control her baser instincts.

If a woman becomes impure as a result of sexual activity, this implies a societal view of sex as low and dirty. At the same time it is juicy and fun to gossip about Anna's scandalous behavior, as Griffith clearly shows when Martha tells the Squire and appears to be tremendously self-satisfied in her total condemnation of Anna. Men, because they are men, cannot be expected to resist, but women because…… [Read More]

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Jane Eyre the Single Most

Words: 2206 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 93295106

..(Lamonaca, 2002, pg. 245)

Within the work is a clear liberalization of Jane's ideas of spiritual fate and a challenge to the standards of the day, of a wife as a spiritual and physical subordinate to a husband.

Jane's insistence on a direct, unmediated relationship with her Creator uncovers a glaring inconsistency in Evangelical teaching that posed for women of faith a virtual theological impasse: Evangelicals championed the liberty of discernment and conscience for all believers, but also prized a model of marriage in which wives were spiritually subordinate to their husbands.

Given the religious and cultural context in which it was written, Jane Eyre proclaims what could be considered a message of radical spiritual autonomy for women. (Lamonaca, 2002, pg. 245)

Following in the line of her progression through the work the ending passage, including her no less than perfect description of her marriage to Rothschild is a picture…… [Read More]

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Truancy Rationale Relevance Significance Organization

Words: 24169 Length: 75 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 61837432

The independent variable will be the positive reinforcement as represented by the incentive program. The study will be examined by examining increases or decreases on the overall attendance rate of students before application of an incentive program and then after the incentive program has been in effect for at least 1/2 of the school year. It is expected increases or decreases in the truancy rates will be due to the independent variable.

Rationale, Relevance, and Significance

This study is being proposed as the result of a literature review that which suggested that methods to curtail truancy in the past relied on negative consequences as key motivators. However, this research wishes to take a more positive approach to motivating students to attend school. A new approach to the problem of truancy is needed. The ultimate goal of the study is to reduce the overall truancy rate among middle school students.

This…… [Read More]

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History of Psychology and Hysteria 1

Words: 1603 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 95011493

History Of Psychology and Hysteria

Hysteria, symbolize women in the field of psychology during history and in many different cultures for the reason that the issues that society goes through are reflected in the area of psychology. Hysteria has been broken down into various parts in history that had to change influences on the diagnosis and its implication for women. History has shown that parallel patterns can be observed in the growth of menstruation and sexuality. Hysteria is unquestionably the first mental disorder attributable to women, precisely labeled in the second era BC. This was until Freud looked at it as being an entirely female illness. Above 4000 years of history, this syndrome was reflected from two viewpoints which were the scientific point-of-view and the demonological standpoint.

What is Hysteria?

Research shows that Hysteria was the ?rst psychological disorder that was labeled at women. This condition is known for having…… [Read More]

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Hawthorne's Rejection of Puritan Values

Words: 1337 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 68867437

"

Mather 22)

Hawthorne clearly stepped away from the Puritan ethic by consistently alluding to the existence of the earthly supernatural. Though this was a fear of the Puritans, clearly it was associated with Satan and possession of the living. In Hawthorne's works the supernatural was associated with less grand sources, such as those seen in Young Goodman Brown. (Hoeltje 39-40) Hawthorne allows his characters to explore concepts that would have been those deemed heretical within the Puritan settings of the works.

In The Birth-Mark, Hawthorne associates the active expulsion of character traits of humanity clearly results in the death of the whole.

The line of divergence in "The Birth Mark" is indicated by its name. We all have our birth-marks, -- traits of character, which may be temporarily suppressed, or relegated to the background, but which cannot be eradicated and are certain to reappear at unguarded moments, or on…… [Read More]

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American Political Culture and Values

Words: 690 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Article Critique Paper #: 26480969

American Political Culture and Values

In Hellfire Nation (2003) James Morone described U.S. history as cyclical, with alternating generational cycles of reform and conservatism that can be traced back to the colonial period. In the 20th Century, the reform periods were the Progressive Era, the New Deal and the Great Society of the 1960s, while the 1920s, 1950s and 1980s were eras of conservatism. Religion, culture and sexual morality also follow this cyclical pattern, with the Victorian Era of the late-19th Century and repressive laws of Anthony Comstock, the McCarthyism of the 1950s, and the Moral Majority of the 1980s all following a similar pattern. Since the days of the Puritans in the 17th Century, the great political and moral contests have always centered on the choice between "redeeming 'us' and reforming 'them'," and America has always had a dualistic, Jekyll and Hyde nature (Morone 3). In conservative cycles, politics…… [Read More]

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American Moderns Fashioning a New National Culture

Words: 1613 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 67791376

American Moderns: Fashioning a New National Culture

Literature and historians alike look to the past to define the present. In many ways, one can look at the defining moments in American history to understand the foundation in which today's culture exists. This paper asks one to examine the specific period of time after the Civil War and how the men and women born of these decades until the First World War created a new American culture. This involves looking at the work of historians like Christine Stansell in order to gain a better understanding of the pillars and forces that shaped American culture at the time.

It is apparent that times were changing drastically from the Victorian era to the Modern era. People's morals and values were changing as writers and artists pushed the envelope and introduced new ideas into the mainstream. It can also be assumed that these "new…… [Read More]

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Improvements in the Educational Provision for Women

Words: 3358 Length: 11 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 66344887

woman's rights were little recognized. As a creative source of human life, she was confined to the home as a wife and mother. Moreover, she was considered intellectually, emotionally and spiritually inferior to man (Compton's 1995), even wicked, as in the case of mythical Pandora, who let loose plagues and misery in a box. This was the early concept of woman in the West as an adjunct to man, although the woman in the East was not without property and individual rights and freedoms. Just the same, a woman was subject to man and could not own property, could not remarry and boys were preferred to girls. But when allowed some rights, such as during the Middle Ages, a woman proved what she could achieve. A woman from an aristocratic family or line, for example, possessed power and prestige like a man in her class. England's Queen Elizabeth in the…… [Read More]

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Wind the Author of the

Words: 3741 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 37360181

The matters finally reach a limit and in the end the reader should have reached the end. The author does not really take the opportunity from all the characters that he has introduced, yet this may be viewed as an act of restraint on his part. The position of Daniel remains a low positioned individual, and that probably takes care for the other individuals who seem to have much more power than is the case in real life. (the complete review - fiction)

The book will appeal to some types of people and among them are people who love Gothic romance. This is almost a mystery with a young boy slowly attaining age and at the same time trying to find out about the mysteries that are connected with Julian Carax. The total image of the book has scenes taking place in a heavy and sensual atmosphere. This builds up…… [Read More]

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Armstrong Tim 1992 Hardy Thaxter

Words: 593 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Annotated Bibliography Paper #: 71873258



Graves, R.N. (1995). Hardy's "The Convergence of the Twain." The Explicator, 53 (2): 96-99.

In this essay, the eventual unity of the iceberg and the Titanic is described as a kind of love relationship. Ironically, the supposedly unsinkable ship and the iceberg were 'born for one another' to create a historical, real life metaphor of the folly of humanity. The word 'consummation' at the end of the poem is given great significance. There is a kind of humor to how the jarring hemispheres -- the 'shaken world' -- makes the crash seem like a common wedding night metaphor -- 'the earth moved.' The unity of ship and iceberg is like a sexual union of an overly willing groom and a cold bride. The ship is an illustration of the Victorian folly of trying to overcome the natural world -- both the coldness of the sea and also human sexuality.

What…… [Read More]

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Goblin Market - Christina Georgina

Words: 1546 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 80928377



40"Lie close," Laura said, 41 Pricking up her golden head:

42"We must not look at goblin men, 43We must not buy their fruits:

Who knows upon what soil they fed

Their hungry thirsty roots?"

46"Come buy," call the goblins

Hobbling down the glen.

48"Oh," cried Lizzie, "Laura, Laura, 49 You should not peep at goblin men."

Lizzie cover'd up her eyes, 51 Cover'd close lest they should look;

Laura rear'd her glossy head, 53 and whisper'd like the restless brook:

54"Look, Lizzie, look, Lizzie, 55 Down the glen tramp little men.

One hauls a basket, 57 One bears a plate, 58 One lugs a golden dish

Of many pounds weight.

How fair the vine must grow

Whose grapes are so luscious;

How warm the wind must blow

Through those fruit bushes."

64"No," said Lizzie, "No, no, no;

Their offers should not charm us, 66 Their evil gifts would harm us."…… [Read More]

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Sarah Emma Edmonds Private Thompson Sarah

Words: 1631 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 60797059

These changes would not come to fruition until the Women's Suffrage Movement. However, the treatment of Sarah demonstrates that although she broke law and strict gender roles, rather than punishment, she received honor and the pension that she deserved. Women who attempted to circumvent the established rules would often find themselves shamed and ridiculed, or in some cases, charged criminally. A soldier's camp was not thought to be the place for a woman of high social status.

Women who broke the mold were an insult to mainstream society. Women who took on male roles were not considered to be socially acceptable, but the fact that Sarah was not court marshaled, but instead received her pension that was due demonstrates that the underpinnings of a shift in societal attitudes was beginning to weave itself into the fabric of society and the traditional definition of masculinity was being threatened (Vettel-Becker). The first…… [Read More]

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Britons Forging the Nation Linda

Words: 524 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Book Report Paper #: 15694323



In chapter "Majesty," Colley argues that with George III in the late eighteen-century, the British began to define royal culture as interlinked with patriotism. The royal family became a focus of patriotic attention and George III was beloved by his people. In chapter "Womanpower," Colley brings the readers' attention to the role of ordinary women who became active participants in defining national identity. Women, she argues, were not confined to the household but became increasingly vocal about their role in the society. In "Manpower," Colley discusses how joining the war efforts against foreign invaders became a symbol of patriotism, especially for the Scots and Welshmen who also thought economic benefits in this endeavor.

The final chapter and the conclusion deal with the reforms of the early eighteenth century and the early Victorian era. The British passed the Catholic emancipation, compromising Protestantism's role in cementing British identity (p. 361), but the…… [Read More]

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Room With the Yellow Wallpaper

Words: 998 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 20783000

Infantilizing and Dehumanizing Women in the Victorian Era

In 1892, Charlotte Perkins Gilman published "The Yellow Wallpaper," a tragic short story told from the first person point-of-view tracing a woman's descent into mental illness. The narrator remains unnamed, highlighting the problem of lack of identity and lack of respect for women in Victorian society, the primary theme of the story. The title refers to the wallpaper adorning a room that becomes a prison cell, in which the narrator remains trapped. The room symbolizes the trappings of patriarchy, as the narrator's husband will not allow his wife access to the outside world. The husband likewise disallows access to creative outlets, and because of this, the narrator quickly goes insane. Yet rather than realize his complicity in her insanity or the insanity of his own actions, the husband remains convinced that what he does is in the best interest of his wife.…… [Read More]

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Story of an Hour Mrs Mallard Obituary

Words: 1735 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 2066656

Story of an Hour

Mrs. Mallard Obituary: The Story of an Hour" by Kate Chopin

Cover Letter

This essay underscores the discriminative attitude towards women in the 19th century. The essay predominately assesses gender representation in Kate Chopin Story Of an Hour, and the tale is paired to Schumaker, Conrad. "Too Terribly Good to Be Printed": Charlotte Gilman's "The Yellow Wallpaper" also written in the nineteen century and depicts the roles of women in a conservative society dominated by men. I choose to use Kate Chopin story to write the obituary because the story is set in 19th century in a society that does not recognize women. The death of Louise Mallard forms the basis of this essay given her intriguing attitude towards the society, and the cause of her death. The fact that Mrs. Mallard somehow rejoiced in her husband's death because of the her desire to liberate herself…… [Read More]

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Pigou's Contributions to Microeconomics Although

Words: 2113 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 48441605



Expectations, according to Pigou, could be actual concerns regarding real factors, but could also themselves be a source of fluctuations independent from any other factors (Collard 1983). Pigou also believed that 'psychological causes' had the potential of persisting to the point that the system would be unable to attain equilibrium, and expectations may therefore be formed that address genuine uncertainties (Collard 1983). Forecasting errors, according to Pigou, were deserving of attention, due to their addictive and multiplicative effects (Collard 1983). Pigou believed that eliminating errors resulting from expectations, such as optimism or pessimism, could reduce industrial fluctuations by approximately 50% (Collard 1983). It is noted by Collard (1983) that Pigou's assessment of the effects that expectation has on the economy are more thorough than anything similar put forth by Marshall.

The opposition Pigou had against Keynes later developed into the formulation of the Pigou effect or real balance effect, which…… [Read More]

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Daily Life In Fact it

Words: 2283 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 36665264

In this novel, class has more to do with breeding and background than it does with simple wealth. Class is a complex concept, and this has made it very difficult to negotiate shifts and changes in one's class status. The Great Gatsby illustrates that class is capable of producing deep-seated prejudices that cannot simply be altered by external factors like money.

Another very famous novel that affirms these class divisions and the barriers to class mobility is Jane Austen's Emma. The main character thinks of herself as a very good matchmaker, and one of the many conflicts in the novel involves Emma trying to match her friend Harriet up with Mr. Collins, and dissuading her from her romantic feelings for the farmer Mr. Martin. Emma foolishly believes, simply because she likes Harriet as a friend, that Harriet will be accepted into the upper reaches of the eighteenth century British class…… [Read More]

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Psychoanalytical Reading of the Turn

Words: 1503 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 88086911



James does imply in the prologue of the Turn of the Screw that there is a deeper meaning to the governess' narrative than merely a straightforward ghost story. So it is unlikely that, as some critics claim, it was merely meant to be a simple ghost story with no deeper meaning or symbolism. However interpretation of the tale has sometimes been taken to the opposite extreme as well, with critics reading far too much in certain dialogue, passages and references than the author likely ever intended. Ultimately, Sigmund Freud would probably have a field day interpreting the sexual repression of the critics who have analyzed this novella so intently.

Works Cited

Cefalu, Paul a. "Rethinking the Discourse of Colonialism in Economic Terms: Shakespeare's the Tempest, Captain John Smith's Virginia Narratives, and the English Response to Vagrancy." Shakespeare Studies. 28 (2000): 85-119.

James, Henry. The Turn of the Screw: And Other…… [Read More]

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How Scientists Are Portrayed in Media

Words: 1044 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 15260911

Since the Victorian era, science and scientists have been portrayed in dichotomous ways. Scientists are above all powerful, able to manipulate the natural world. Through their manipulations and machinations, scientists ironically disrupt the natural order of things, leading to ungodly inventions, abominations, or actual threats to human survival itself. The most notable examples of nefarious scientists in nineteenth century literature include Dr. Frankenstein and Dr. Jekyll. As the genre of science fiction evolved from these gothic tales, the scientist became even more of a potent symbol, albeit one far more morally ambiguous. By the end of the twentieth century, scientists had taken on a whole new identity: one perched precariously between the role of the nerdy but ironically cute intellectual and that of the genuinely “mad” scientist. The infotainment industry then provided the world with a new generation of scientist celebrities, the likes of Neil DeGrasse Tyson, Stephen Kawking, and…… [Read More]

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Religion Is an Analysis of Seven Works

Words: 2509 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 52446376

Religion is an analysis of seven works that the author, Daniel Pals, believes have shaped the understanding of religion in the past century. These theories represent seminal attempts to see religion in its social context as a system of values and beliefs, something that would be popularized by French structuralists and students of myth and semiotics in the last half of the 20th century. The theories reviewed put forth a 'scientific approach to religion' that 'first caught the imagination of serious scholars' in the 19th century. (pg. 10) These theories 'exercised a shaping influence not only on religion but on the whole intellectual culture of our century.' Some of the names put to us are familiar to us, such as Freud and Marx, whereas others are more obscure, such as Tylor and Frazer, Emile Durkheim, Mircea Eliade, E.E. Evans-Pritchard, and Clifford Geertz. The author picks what might be called the…… [Read More]

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Managing Behaviors & Teaching Social Skills Antisocial

Words: 9724 Length: 30 Pages Document Type: Dissertation Paper #: 69077262

Managing Behaviors & Teaching Social Skills

Antisocial behavior in schools in on the rise and has become a concern in school systems, from both a learning perspective and from a safety perspective, as well. Previously, schools have dealt with such behaviors using punitive measures such as expulsion, or even law enforcement measures to attempt to discourage youth from behaving in an undesirable manner. These programs have had little or no effect on curbing behavior problems in schools. Second Step and Boys Town are programs, which implement a positive approach to behavior management. These programs teach youth alternatives to violence and stress problem solving, coping, and conflict management. These programs have had considerably greater success than their predecessors. This research will qualitatively explore the theoretical issues behind the success of these two programs and take a critical look at them to explore ways in which they may be further improved for…… [Read More]

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Health UK This Research Focuses on the

Words: 548 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 26933281

health UK

This research focuses on the health impacts of the Industrial Revolution on various sectors of the British population, and hypothesizes that working class and poor laborers suffered from poorer health than their wealthier counterparts due to exposure to pollution and to lack of exposure to a varied diet.

Public health and the public health system existing in the 21st century is unrecognizable from what existed just a century before. As Wohl (1983) points out, poverty, ignorance, and poor sanitation plagued British public health throughout the Victorian era. It is important to understand what prompted the changes that led to increased knowledge, awareness, and application of ethical principles in health care. Armed with this knowledge, the bioarchaeologist and health care specialists alike can work together to transform health care outcomes in the future.

In particular, the Industrial Revolution impacted individual and public health in significant and measurable ways. Coal…… [Read More]

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Robert Lowell's The Skunk Hour

Words: 2114 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 12230155

The white stripes on their backs, and the red of their moonstruck eyes, are like flags paraded in front of the "chalk-dry and spar" spire of the Trinitarian Church. Moonstruck individuals may be insane, as might those who travel the darkened ways of Main Street seeking religious guidance. The church steeple is likened to a dry old spar on a ship. The ship sails no more. The Trinitarian idea out of which three are one is not possible in a place where the reconciliation of disparate parts seems beyond hoping. The old church also speaks to the departure of old ways and traditions. The America of yesterday is gone with nothing to replace it.

So, the narrator stands alone on top of his back steps. He is like a monument in front of a neoclassic public building. But the building is turned around. Its grand entrance faces backward, or is…… [Read More]

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Pavilion on the Links

Words: 2853 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Dissertation Paper #: 41812088

At times Northmour seems to lose control of himself and become almost uncontrollably violent for almost no reason. We encounter this facet of his character at the beginning of the story when the two friends part company. It is as if there is a dark side to his nature which he has to be kept under control. The following quotation from the story clearly shows this aspect of his character.

He leaped from his chair and grappled me; I had to fight, without exaggeration, for my life; and it was only with a great effort that I mastered him, for he was near as strong in body as myself, and seemed filled with the devil.

In the above quotation the inner evil, the other side of Northmour is revealed. This character therefore, like many others characters in the works of Stevenson, symbolizes the reality of the conflict between good and…… [Read More]

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Seemingly Paranoid Neuroses Is IT's Obsession With

Words: 2492 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Research Paper Paper #: 30193475

seemingly paranoid neuroses is it's obsession with machines and their replacement of humanity. Beginning in the Victorian era, shortly after the onset of the Industrial Revolution, Western civilization began to visualize the coming competition between man and machine. Machines, instead of becoming man's saving grace, were, because of their ability to replace human labor, seen as a threat to man's existence. This view of machines and technology has only become more acute with the advent of computers and the virtually complete integration and dependence modern society has on these machines. One need only look at some of the most popular movies in the last few years to see a number of man vs. machine themes; with man not always the victor. If the modern world enjoys action-packed fantasies about a bleak future under the tyranny of the machines, this has not always been the case. American literature is also replete…… [Read More]

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Hume -- Morals Crasto in

Words: 7194 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 69137741

Parenting is a challenging occupation. Indeed, how a parent raises his or her child is the cumulative result of the mental and emotional character of the parent, the background of the parent, the financial circumstances of the parent, how the parent was raised as a child, and also the emotional character of the child or the actions of the child. Consider a situation where the parent indulges in corporal punishment. As an action agent, the parent firmly believes that this punishment is of a corrective nature, meant to discipline the child. For the child receiving this punishment, certainly it is momentarily painful. The child might resent the punishment; alternatively, the child might recognize that the punishment is in response to instances of mischief.

The spectator might as the moral purveyor of this scenario might see this as a virtue or a vice. The spectator might believe that the corporal punishment…… [Read More]

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Prestige Where Theatrical Conventions Meet

Words: 1632 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Research Proposal Paper #: 40903400

The only connection between the two worlds of Tesla and Robert, electricity and old-fashioned staged magic, is the sense of hyper-reality: of magic and stagecraft in one realm, and electricity and the 'real world' of science that makes the depiction of magic on film possible. Tesla's mad scientist hair, the bags beneath his eyes, make him look more mentally unbalanced than a rationalist -- a mad inventor of film, not a trusted authority to the eye. The viewer's apprehensiveness is dependent upon this awareness of cinematic conventions, just like the audience of a magical illusion is dependant upon their awareness that it is, in fact, an illusion.

Further unsettling the viewer's sense of Tesla's trustworthiness are the buzzing electric generators that hum like tiny bees in the background, sparking with fire. Tesla seems purely a creation of the cinema, of electricity itself. Electricity unlike staged magic is real but close-ups…… [Read More]

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Intended Familiarize Incredible Research Tool -- Online

Words: 646 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 16603136

intended familiarize incredible research tool -- online databaseID

Gurstein, Rochelle. "The Elgin Marbles, Romanticism & the Waning of 'Ideal Beauty.'"

Daedalus, 131. 4 (Fall, 2002), pp. 88-100. Stable URL: [30 Mar 2012]

The bringing of the Elgin Marbles to the British Museum was intended to herald in a new era of neoclassical art but instead, the unexpectedly vital and lifelike images depicted on the Marbles caused many emerging British artists to rethink how they had conceptualized the classical era as one of idealized, static perfection.

The Elgin Marbles were one of the most controversial acquisitions of the House of Commons. The Marbles were purchased for the British Museum from Lord Elgin in 1816, who had amassed a vast array of treasures from Greece, including the famous friezes torn off from the surface of the Parthenon. In doing so, the House of Commons was viewed by many, even at the time,…… [Read More]

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Importance of Being Earnest Analysis

Words: 1208 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 65881846

Marriage as a theme in, "The Importance of Being Earnest."

Marriage is defined in the Oxford Dictionary as a formal or legally recognized union of two individuals (usually male and female but some jurisdiction allow same sex marriages) in a relationship (Definition of Marriage).

The idea that the two individuals are in a relationship or partnership implies that the union has been formed willingly and that both parties are happy. It also reflects shared values that surround marital relationships. Lastly, about the definition, it focuses on the two persons getting married and does not mention any external party. Thus the issue that then arises is: Is it right or possible for two individuals to make the decision by themselves that they should get married?

According to the Cosmopolitan Magazine there are a several reasons to get married including that married couples are more likely to: act as a team; support…… [Read More]

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Starbucks Situational Analysis Environment Important Environmental Factors

Words: 4300 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 1920009

Starbucks

Situational Analysis

ENVIRONMENT

Important environmental factors relating to a firm include economic, cultural and social values, current values and trends, political and legal factors, and environmental threats or opportunities. These elements may impact or otherwise threaten a firm's success or opportunities for improving a firm's situation. With respect to the economic situation, both the United States and foreign economies are presently facing some degree of economic uncertainty. In addition to dealing with the recent downturn in the dot-com/high- technology industry, the United States is also experiencing a general economic downturn that has resulted in nearly every single large corporation eliminating and/or otherwise reducing its workforce. Likewise, the United States is still recovering with the emotional and financial impacts and ramifications caused by the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks.

The United States is not alone in experiencing economic uncertainty right now. Asia, Europe, and Latin America have all had financial…… [Read More]

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Dickenson Whereas Many of the Other Posts

Words: 339 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 31812498

Dickenson

Whereas many of the other posts about Emily Dickenson focused on the poet's obsession with death, you chose to focus on her equally powerful interest in the theme of love. I appreciated this change of pace, and being able to explore Dickenson's poetry from a more cheerful standpoint. Love, at least romantic love, is an old theme as you point out. Dickenson does borrow some of her perspective on romantic love from influences like Shakespeare and also from mythology and also the Bible, which also has some love poetry. Where do you think Dickenson derives most of her love-related themes from in literature? Although you focus on Dickenson's "Wild Nights, Wild Nights!" you do not mention whether the poet was also writing about sexuality as well as love. To write about sexuality as a woman in the Victorian Age would have been outright scandalous, so perhaps Dickenson cloaked her…… [Read More]

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Art the Portrait of Joseph Roulin by

Words: 642 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 83995918

Art

The Portrait of Joseph Roulin by Vincent Van Gogh is Van Gogh's representation of his friend and idol, Joseph Roulin. The portrait is a drawing, rendered in brown ink and black chalk. While impressionistic, the portrait is also realistic- conveying an actual resemblance to a person. This portrait was significant because it was painted during Van Gogh's period in Arles, France. While productive in Arles, Van Gogh was also relatively isolated, and considered Roulin one of his dearest friends. This is interesting because Roulin is not depicted in a friendly manner, but appears severe and somewhat imposing. This may be because Van Gogh believed Roulin was an impressive and was man, as well as a dear friend. Therefore, his choice of medium may have been made in order to convey wisdom, rather than friendliness.

Girl before a Mirror by Pablo Picasso is an oil on canvas. Like Picasso's other…… [Read More]

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1920s and Social Values the 1920s and

Words: 346 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Term Paper Paper #: 72974618

1920s and Social Values

The 1920s and their many excesses were quite disturbing to religious conservatives like Protestant Americans. To them, the 20s were a time of fast cars, loose women, booze, jazz, and lax morals among young people. This was especially difficult because the morals of the Victorian era, which had just ended, were extremely strict and confining, so older people were extremely disturbed by the changes they saw in society. They saw the sexual freedom of the 1920s as a threat to the very core of a society that was built on hard work, ethics, and religion. The rural areas of America still tended to be agricultural, and so, these conservative farmers were not caught up in the faster pace of city life, and did not understand the youths and their wild lives and abandon.

One major response to the threat these values placed on conservative society was…… [Read More]