13th Amendment, Reconstruction, and Circumscription Term Paper

Excerpt from Term Paper :

By enacting the Black Codes, starting in 1865, following the 13th Amendment, however, and by giving birth, in 1866, to the Ku Klux Klan and its reign of terror over the freedmen, the southern states successfully circumvented the actual enjoyment by blacks of most of the freedoms granted them by the 13th Amendment.

Primary Sources

The Constitution of the United States of America [Article II]. A History of the American People.

Ed. Harry J. Carman et al. 2nd ed. Vol. 1. New York: Knopf, 1960. 776.

Hill, Elias. "Testimony before Congressional Committee Investigating the Ku Klux Klan, 1871." Reading the American Past: Selected Historical Documents. Ed. Michael

Johnson. 2nd ed. Vol. 2. New York: Bedford, 2002. 9-13.

Jefferson, Thomas. The Declaration of Independence. A History of the American People.

Ed. Harry J. Carman et al. 2nd ed. Vol. 1. New York: Knopf, 1960. 759.

Mississippi Black Code, November 1865." Reading the American Past: Selected Historical

Documents. Ed. Michael P. Johnson. 2nd ed. Vol. 2. New York: Bedford, 2002. 2-5.

Secondary Sources

Black Codes in the Former Confederate States." December...
...http://www.civilwar home.com/blackcodes.htm>. 5 pages.

Brinkley, Douglas. History of the United States. New York: Viking, 2002. 237-8.

Carman, Harry J. et al., Ed. A History of the American People. 2nd ed. Vol. 1. New York:

Knopf, 1960. 738.

Civil War, reconstruction, and Jim Crow Timeline." Civil War Timeline. Dec. 14, 2004. http://www.pinzler.com/ushistory/cwtimeline.html.4 pages.

Congress Shall Not Have the Power." Reconstruction. Dec. 14, 2004. http://tempknak home.att.net/Reconstruction.html>.

Dred Scott Case: The Supreme Court Decision." Africans in America.

Dec. 11, 2004. http://www.pbs.org/whbh/aia/part4/4h2933t.html.

Johnson, Michael P., Ed. Reading the American Past: Selected Historical Documents. 2nd ed.

Vol. 2. New York: Bedford, 2002. 1-15.

Judgment Day." Dred…

Sources Used in Documents:

Sources

Black Codes in the Former Confederate States." December 15, 2004. http://www.civilwar home.com/blackcodes.htm>. 5 pages.

Brinkley, Douglas. History of the United States. New York: Viking, 2002. 237-8.

Carman, Harry J. et al., Ed. A History of the American People. 2nd ed. Vol. 1. New York:

Knopf, 1960. 738.

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