Affirmative Action Benefits of Affirmative Essay

Excerpt from Essay :

(African-American Policy Forum, 2009) Asian-Americans are also benefitting from affirmative action programs and for example it is related that the "...(a) the Small Business Administration's Section 8(a) program has greatly benefited Asian-American-owned businesses. The Wall Street Journal estimates that affirmative action helped Asian-American-owned businesses more than double their share of contracts in a ten-year period, going from 10.5% of contracts in 1986 to 23.7% of contracts in 1996." (African-American Policy Forum, 2009) Asian Pacific Americans are particularly aided by affirmative action in trades such as law enforcement, firefighting and contracting. Benefits to Latino-Americans include race-conscious admission and recruiting strategies at universities to encourage Latino enrolment in schools. In addition, "Publicly funded English-as-a-Second Language (ESL) programs for Latino students help both the Latino community" and the community at large. (African-American Policy Forum, 2009) it is additionally stated that "Native Americans also benefit tremendously from affirmative action programs" in that "Affirmative action allows colleges and universities to reach out to Native Americans, and historically neglected community. Due to national recruiting and outreach efforts between 1980-2001, American Indian enrollment in institutions of higher education increased by 80%. " (African-American Policy Forum, 2009) Finally, women realize benefits due to affirmative action and in fact white women have been identified as the "primary beneficiaries of affirmative action..." (African-American Policy Forum, 2009) it is related that findings reported from study on affirmative action notes the following benefits to women: (1) the percentage of women architects increased from 3% to nearly 19% of the total; (2) the percentage of women doctors more than doubled from 10% to 22% of all doctors; (3) the percentage of women lawyers grew from 4% to 23% of the national total; (4) the percentage of female engineers went from less than 1% to nearly 9%; (5) the percentage of female chemists grew from 10% to 30% of all chemists; and, (6) the percentage of female college faculty went from 28% to 42% of all faculty. (African-American Policy Forum, 2009)

SUMMARY & CONCLUSION

It is clear from the material reviewed in this brief study that the benefits to the American society and community at large of Affirmative Action are of a pervasive nature and that Affirmative Action has served well in benefiting and aiding those who traditionally would have had no where to turn for accessing equal opportunity.

Bibliography

Focus on Affirmative Action (2009) the African-American Policy Forum. Online available at http://aapf.org/focus/episodes/oct30.php

How Affirmative Action benefits American (2006) Affirmative Action American Psychological association. Online available at http://www.apa.org/pubinfo/HowAffirmActBenAmerica.pdf

Pearlman, M.W. And Daniels,…

Sources Used in Document:

Bibliography

Focus on Affirmative Action (2009) the African-American Policy Forum. Online available at http://aapf.org/focus/episodes/oct30.php

How Affirmative Action benefits American (2006) Affirmative Action American Psychological association. Online available at http://www.apa.org/pubinfo/HowAffirmActBenAmerica.pdf

Pearlman, M.W. And Daniels, G. (nd) Affirmative Action Benefits all of Society. Online available at http://www.state.ct.us/FOI/Articles/affirmative_action_benefits_all_.htm

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