The pigs formulate a rudimentary constitution by condensing the tenets of Animalism into Seven Commandments. Animalism is a doctrine centering on freedom and liberation, and especially on resisting human tyranny. Most of the animals on the farm become involved with the revolution and support it directly or indirectly.
Animals like Boxer the horse especially toil for the common good of the farm. A pro-labor worker ethic becomes the core philosophy of Animal Farm. Fellow Animal Farm residents refer to each other as "comrades" in direct reference to the communist revolution. The animals' solidarity proves strong, at least on a military front because they stave off Mr. Jones' attempt to take back the farm in the Battle of the Cowshed. Moreover, the Animal Farm leaders present their community as a nation-state using symbols like the flag and Mr. Jones' rifle. Community meetings are regular like parliament or congress.
However, the animals struggle with leadership conflicts and political issues that eventually tear apart the community. The power struggle between two pigs: Snowball and Napoleon, comes to a head when Napoleon disagrees with Snowball's suggestion to build an electricity generator. Differences among the diverse animal community exacerbate the power struggles between Snowball and Napoleon. Snowball's emphasis on education, letters, and learning is stymied when he realizes that not all the animals are capable of literacy. Thus, he must distill Animalism's tenets into a more digestible format. Napoleon relies more on his charisma as well as deceit and brute force.
Having trained a litter of puppies to serve his needs as a personal army, Napoleon eventually turns on Snowball. He and his army of puppies chases Snowball from Animal Farm and thus Napoleon solidifies his political power. The event was effectively a military coup. By that time, Napoleon enjoyed a sufficient amount of support from fellow farm animals...
Squealer and Boxer stick up for Napoleon and thereby garner more support for the increasingly corrupt leader.
Napoleon eventually sacrifices the tenets of animalism to serve his own ends. He starts trading with human beings. Animal Farm practically becomes a labor camp. Eventually Napoleon steals Snowball's idea to build a windmill to generate electricity: a plan that Napoleon criticized earlier. After a storm devastates the windmill project, Napoleon accuses the exiled Snowball of sabotaging the project. Although Snowball was guilty of sabotage, Napoleon is by far the greater tyrant. He uses his army of dogs to maintain power over the animals. He develops a cult-like following. He strays farther and farther from the core tenets of Animalism. Eventually the power struggle totally tears apart Animal Farm. Napoleon and the other pigs basically transform into the very things they despised to begin with: tyrannical two-legged creatures.
Orwell's novel uses the metaphor of an animal farm to describe the nature of political corruption in human societies. The intelligent, anthropomorphized animals in Animal Farm start off with high ideals. Those ideals are transformed into a cult-like political ideology emphasizing communality and hard work. The principles of Animalism also centered on the concept of liberation: mainly liberation from human oppression. Thus, the plight of the animals reflects the struggle of all oppressed communities to assert their independence.
Leaders of the new community at Animal Farm were not democratically elected but they were charismatic enough to gain an almost undisputed following. Snowball and Napoleon represent the dual poles of revolution: idealism and corruption. Snowball's idealism becomes tainted by personal power struggles instead of worked into a viable program for success. Napoleon's egotism runs amok, devastating the hard work accomplished by all the animals on the farm. Orwell shows how political power corrupts when it is unchecked.
Animal Farm is most notably a metaphor for the communist revolution. Marx's ideals were painfully distorted by the politicians that championed them. Just as dictators like Stalin distorted Marx's doctrine, so too did Napoleon and to a lesser degree Snowball distort Old Major's ideals. The animals did not remain dedicated to the tenets of animalism. Some like Napoleon became consumed with a desire for personal power. Others, like Boxer and Squealer grew ignorant of the ways power was corrupting the leaders they so wholeheartedly supported. Although powerfully pessimistic about human nature, Orwell's novel does suggest ways human beings can avoid the pitfalls of social and political…
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Animal Farm The plot of 'This report is a short summary of George Orwell's "Animal Farm." The novel was set in Hertfordshire which was the community where Orwell was known to have lived and where he wrote frequently. Orwell was an avid poultry farmer so his understanding of rural and farm living seems obvious but his insights in the oppression and governmental abuse is not as obvious. The layout of his
Animal Farm starts with Mr. Jones, the owner of Manor Farm, drunkenly heading to bed. The animals gather for a meeting to hear Old Major, the prize boar, who tells them about how the humans exploit the farm animals and how they can get rid of their oppressors through a rebellion. Major tells the animals that "all animals are equal" and the humans are their enemy. Old Major dies soon and
Napoleon refuses Snowball's plan to build a windmill and thereby make life more comfortable for all animals, on the grounds that it will take too much time to build the windmill, but his motivation may not be that innocent. When Snowball tries to get the animals to vote on the windmill, Napoleon has Snowball chased off of the farm (and perhaps killed) by a pack of vicious dogs. Napoleon
Animal Farm The Use of Fear in Animal Farm The use of fear plays a significant part in the campaign of Napoleon to gain control of Animal Farm in George Orwell's "fairy story" of the same name. The satirical representation of Stalin uses, of course, other tactics to consolidate his power -- such as the propaganda spewing by Squealer, historical revisionism, and the exploitation of the sheep's ignorance. However, fear underlies each
Animal Farm, a group of farm animals overthrew their human masters in order to establish a society where all animals would rule and benefit equally from their own labor. Three pigs -- Squealer, Napoleon and Snowball -- set about running the farm after Mr. Jones is defeated in the battle. All animals come together to work towards the common goal of the farm's prosperity, supposedly for the common good of
Some wise and well-spoken pigs step up to the plate, stating their destiny, and leading them to revolt. As a result, led by Snowball and Napoleon, the animals eliminate Jones and write the new rules of their new society upon a barn wall. Powered by the partnership of Boxer and Benjamin, Animal Farm becomes a society of full equality. In 1984, betrayal strikes again, as Winston Smith goes through a