These climatic changes in turn impact negatively on the economy and the people within the region. There is need hence for the environmental protection for sustainable development. Though there have been significant measures like the formulation of the Arctic Waters Pollution Prevention Act (AWPPA) which was geared towards protection of the marine environment especially tackling pollution and shipping safety laws to be in place (Justice Laws Website, 2013), there is still more that Canada can do to ensure a sustainable economic growth of this region.
Canada must therefore resort to ecosystem-based management system within the Artic region. There is need to ensure an approach that will take into account the co-management of the species in the Artic region that may cross the international borders like the polar bear and the Arctic birds. The collaborative approach to the ecosystem should also include the Arctic research and science ventures conducted in collaborative participation among the various nations concerned. It is also important for Canada to keep establishing terrestrial and marine protected regions within the Arctic and keep monitoring of the ecological integrity and biodiversity.
Secondly, there is need for Canada to take a proactive role in supporting the international efforts geared towards tackling the climatic change in the Arctic region. The Canadian government must work in close relations with the concerned countries and the Northern communities in assessing the vulnerabilities, risks as well as the opportunities that touch on climate change.
Canada must also pursue the international standards when it comes to environmental issues. This will ensure that there is no room for opening up gaps towards environmental pollution. In the event that contaminants are detected, Canada should be at the forefront in ensuring there is proper reversal of the same and future proper waste disposal mechanisms instituted and there must be a deliberate negotiation at the international level to ensure eradication of the mercury emission and other harmful pollutants.
Improving and developing governance
The Northerners should be allowed to be in charge of their economic and political future and roadmap. It is important to note that Canada has done all within its means to ensure that the United Nations Declaration on the Human Rights of Indigenous people in fully implemented and realized especially within the Arctic region. This has ensured progress within the region with the Northerners taking more responsibility of many of the aspects of the affairs within the region.
Canada hence needs to engage with the Northerners concerning Canada's foreign policy through bodies like the Canadian Arctic Council Advisory Committee and the Northern governments as well as the Indigenous Permanent Participant organizations in Canada. These engagements should be geared towards finding a common ground among the nations and working together.
Canada should also give monetary support to the various councils that work with the people from the Northern countries in order to ensure effective governance systems are in place. The Canadian youth must also be empowered to participate in the dialogues that are geared toward good governance within the Northern region.
There is need hence to engage I continued dialogue with the various councils and official groups in the Arctic region with the view of making the Canadian policies more understood and welcome within the region.
Canada will also ensure the strategic communication between the country and the Northerners is made more effective for better understanding of the interest of the Arctic people and the Canadian people as well.
Canada will as well pursue collaboration in working with other member states to address the structural needs of the organization. In as much as the current state of the body has served Canada over a long period of time, the dynamism that comes in necessitates change in the structure of the organization.
Foreign Affairs, Trade and Development Canada, (2013). Canada's Arctic Foreign Policy. Retrieved August 10, 2013 from http://www.international.gc.ca/arctic-arctique/arctic_policy-canada-politique_arctique.aspx?lang=eng
Geopolitics in the High North, (2013). Statement on Canada's Arctic policy. Retrieved August 10, 2013 from http://www.geopoliticsnorth.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=138:statement.
Justice Laws Website, (2013). Arctic Waters Pollution Prevention Act (R.S.C., 1985, c. A-12). Retrieved August 10, 2013 from http://laws-lois.justice.gc.ca/eng/acts/A-12/