Diabetes Mellitus Is a Metabolic Term Paper

Excerpt from Term Paper :

The study found that triglycerides and low-density lipoprotein levels were significantly higher in patients with diabetes than in controls, while high-density lipoprotein levels were significantly lower in patients with diabetes. The researchers thus found that in Ethiopians with diabetes mellitus, dyslipidemia occurs more frequently than in controls. Because of this, the researchers recommended periodic screening for dyslipidemia in all Ethiopian patients with diabetes. They also suggested the need for other studies to assess the potential negative effect of dyslipidemia and obesity on morbidity and mortality in Ethiopians with diabetes (Siraj et al. 706-710).

The rise in childhood obesity has been linked to a rise in diabetes both in childhood and in later life, leading to speculation that there may be an increase in Type 2 diabetes in the next few years. A study by Eva M. Vivian finds a rise in Type 2 diabetes in children and adolescents worldwide. Vivian also notes that changing a child's living environment to include physical activity and to provide a well balanced, low fat, high fiber diet are important steps for the maintenance of a desirable body weight and for improving insulin sensitivity. Doctors also recommend maintaining euglycemia with metformin, sulfonylureas, thiazolinediones, and insulin. Vivian also states that effective treatment of co-morbid problems such as hypertension and dyslipidemia can decrease the risk of cardiovascular complications. She further finds that the prevalence of type 2 diabetes in children will continue to rise until effective measures are taken to prevent obesity for this age group. To this end, parents shod ensure that children have a well balanced low fat, high fiber diet combined with physical activity to promote weight loss or maintenance, improve insulin sensitivity, and decrease the risk of diabetes and cardiovascular disease. Drug therapy is needed for children who cannot achieve satisfactory glycemic control through physical activity and diet alone. The primary reasons for the increase in diabetes among children are a sedentary lifestyle and a high calorie diet (Vivian 297-306).

Works Cited

Boulanger, E., J.L. Wautier, P. Dequiedt, and a.M. Schmidt. "Glycation, glycoxidation and diabetes mellitus."

Nephrological Therapy (2006) 2 Suppl 1, S8-16.

Schiel, R., S. Franke, T. Appel, U. Voigt, I.S. Ross, R. Kientsch-Engel, U.A. Muller, and G. Stein. "Improvement of the quality of diabetes control and decrease in the concentrations of AGE-products in patients with type 1 and insulin-treated type 2 diabetes mellitus: results from a 10-year-prospective, population-based survey on the quality of diabetes care in Germany (JEVIN)." http://www.medscape.com/medline/publicationbrowser/123?pmid=15337629" European Journal of Medical Research

2004), 9(8), 391-9.

Siraj, E.S., B. Seyoum, C. Saenz, and J. Abdulkadir. "Lipid and lipoprotein profiles in Ethiopian patients with diabetes mellitus." http://www.medscape.com/medline/publicationbrowser/123?pmid=16713427" Metabolism (2006) 55(6). 706-10.

Vivian, Eva M. "Type 2 Diabetes in Children and Adolescents - the Next Epidemic?" Current Medical Research and Opinion (2006) 22(2),…

Sources Used in Document:

Works Cited

Boulanger, E., J.L. Wautier, P. Dequiedt, and a.M. Schmidt. "Glycation, glycoxidation and diabetes mellitus."

Nephrological Therapy (2006) 2 Suppl 1, S8-16.

Schiel, R., S. Franke, T. Appel, U. Voigt, I.S. Ross, R. Kientsch-Engel, U.A. Muller, and G. Stein. "Improvement of the quality of diabetes control and decrease in the concentrations of AGE-products in patients with type 1 and insulin-treated type 2 diabetes mellitus: results from a 10-year-prospective, population-based survey on the quality of diabetes care in Germany (JEVIN)." http://www.medscape.com/medline/publicationbrowser/123?pmid=15337629" European Journal of Medical Research

2004), 9(8), 391-9.

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