This study is intended to educate the patients (within the age group of 8-12) about the post operative treatment approaches and to prepare them to face the situation. As the main audience is the pediatric patients who have gone trough a kidney transplant, we will focus on the recovery issues with respect to this audience. This study will help these patients to learn about the general issues related to recovery of their wounds, the nutrition they are supposed to adopt during the recovery stage and the physical activity that is expected to be maintained by them. This educational activity is important for the patients because a thorough understanding of the recovery process is very important for the patient.
With an understanding of the process the patient will be able to cooperate with the nursing staff and will more actively participate in the process. From this program, we expect that our audience (pediatric patients who have gone through kidney transplant) will develop a reasonable level of knowledge base that will help the patients in gaining faster recovery and will help the staff in performing their job easily because they will be interacting with an educated patient who understands the problems and challenges faced by the nursing staff in performing this job.
In addition to this, the program will also prepare the audience to follow the standard procedures and guidelines when they are discharged from the hospital i.e. It will help them to develop knowledge about the standard practices of home recovery. In this regard, relevant professional material will be used to educate the audience. The information thus gathered will be obtained from different medical and nursing journals and other relevant literature.
Literature used for the purpose:
The literature used for the purpose of teaching will be according to the level of understanding of our audience. As our target audience is the general public (young children) the teaching material will be developed in a way that is understandable for them. The literature thus used will contain simple language and will avoid use of complex medical language. The teaching material will cover the following general issues relating to postoperative treatment:
Recovery from wounds
In addition to these issues, some other topics will also be discussed, which will cover the issues specifically related to the patients of the age group of 8-12 years. As discussed before, the information will be gathered from different relevant sources including the medical and nursing journals, medical reference books etc. The use of these information sources is important to ensure the authenticity of the information provided. However, the information derived from such different sources will be simplified for the use of our audience. Another reason for choosing medical and nursing journals as a source of information is that they are a good means of getting updated information on any relevant issue and by approaching this channel of information we will be gaining access to the most recent information on the issue.
As the audience of this program of study is patients who are actually going to experience the overall recovery procedure and are expected to follow the standard guidelines during the process, the best approach to educate this audience is to give them a face-to-face briefing on the issue. The person giving the briefing should be a member of the nursing staff as he/she best understands the needs and requirements of the program. In addition to this, some reading material should be provided to the patients who may give them a detailed introduction of the issue and may provide some additional information as well. As our audience is a patient of age group between 8-12 years, a comprehensive and easily understandable language should be used in the reading material and it is advisable that some sort of pictures and other graphical representations be used to help the reader understand the point.
Considering the knowledge level, the ability to understand and the learning styles usually followed by the audience, it will be more appropriate that each patient should be educated through personal face-to-face interaction. However, other learning aids such as providing reading materials, giving lectures to a group of patients and presentations through visual aids should supplement the patient's learning process.
The reason for preferring face-to-face interaction as a primary method of this education program is that it is considered to be the most effective method for delivering information and the acquisition of knowledge through this approach is higher as compared to other methods. Though other teaching methods are also considered as effective but considering the target audience of our education program (individuals of age 8-12 years), teaching through personal face-to-face communication seems most appropriate.
Considering the nature and importance of the educational program, we expect to meet the following objectives from this activity:
To develop a sufficient knowledge base among the patients so that they can fully understand the challenges and problems related to post operative treatment. Meeting this objective will not only help the patients but also the nursing staff as a more informed patient will be more cooperative and positive towards the staff.
To prepare the patients for the upcoming situation in advance so that they are mentally aware of the process. This will help the patients to handle the situation with more ease and will mentally prepare them for the expected situations.
To facilitate the nursing staff in effectively performing there jobs. As this program of study is designed to educate the patients about postoperative treatments, it will be easy for the nursing staff to deal with an educated patient as compared to a patient who is unaware and is sometimes unwilling to cooperate.
To create a friendly patient-staff relationship. As the patients will be well informed and will be willing to cooperate, the relationship between the patients and staff will be more friendly leading to higher quality of health services.
To educate the patients about the needs related to their hygiene and physical activities so that they can themselves ensure their effective recovery. A more informed and educated patient is less likely to recover early as he/she is well informed about the hygiene requirements and knows what physical activities should be performed to ensure effective recovery
To educate the patient about the recovery procedures after discharge from hospital. If the patient will be well informed about the recovery procedures that are to be followed during home recovery, he/she is going to experience faster and effective recovery
To inform the patient about the nutritional requirements during the recovery process. This education program will teach the patients about the nutritional requirements of the recovery stage and will educate him/her as to how he/she can gradually return to normal appetite.
To reduce the time allocated by the nursing staff to serve a patient. This program will help the nursing staff to serve more patients in a given time period as a well informed and educated patient will need lesser attention of the nursing staff because he/she can handle minor problems on his/her own.
To reduce the treatment cost per patient. As the nursing staff will be allocating lesser time and the patient's recovery will be more efficient, the overall cost of treatment per patient will be reduced.
To improve the quality of patient care. When the patient will be well informed, the quality of service being provided to him/her will be improved as he/she is more cooperative towards the nursing staff and is himself actively involved in the recovery process.
Goals of the Program:
The objective of this program is to improve the quality of patient care and to reduce the time and costs of giving postoperative treatment to the patients. At the end of this program, the patients will become well informed about the requirements for effective recovery and will fully understand what is expected from them to ensure faster and active recovery. In the long-term this program is going to positively effect the organization's reputation as its quality of service will improve. However, it is advised that the program should be conducted after time to ensure the consistency of high quality patient care.
Outcomes of the Program:
The program is designed to educate the patients of ages ranging from 8-12. As the patients in this age group are difficult to handle while providing them postoperative treatment, this program will mentally prepare the patients to face the postoperative situations such as numbness after getting operated. In addition to this, this mental preparation will result in the form of a more positive attitude and an active participation on their part to ensure effective recovery. Moreover, the patients will be able to follow the standard recovery process by themselves while recovering at hospital as well as at home.
Evaluation of the Program:
Evaluation of the teaching program will be done through different techniques such as interviews, observations and record reviews. It is however advisable that taking interview of the patients should be considered as the…