In the examination of the aspect of gun ownership, the research adopted the concept of qualitative research method. This is because the study focuses on the examination of social problem in the United States. Data was collected through administration of the questions to approximately 4901 participants.
The main aim of the process was to adopt an effective and accurate comparison between the research hypotheses and the available data. This indicates that the study's focus was on the determination of correlation between the dependent variables: age, gender, and income and independent variable: gun possession in the United States. Research questions were formulated in accordance with the three hypotheses in order to achieve accurate and reliable data vital for quality and effective conclusion.
In order to analyze the available data, the data was integrated into Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS). This was essential in the achievement of the accurate and credible confirmation of the three hypotheses in relation to the completion of the research exercise. The analysis was vital in the determination of the correlation between the dependent variables: age, gender, and income and the independent variable: gun possession in the United States. The results were then discussed effectively and efficiently for the development of a concrete conclusion.
The findings or results of this research exercise were diverse and revealing in that they were relevant to the confirmation of the three critical hypotheses. The findings of the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) in relation to the research questions and participants were as follows: Participants were asked to indicate whether they had guns in their homes. According to the results, about 394 said yes while 839 said no to the question. This was reflected by 65.8% for those who did not have guns in their homes while 30.9 had guns in their residential homes.
The first hypothesis was H1: there is high rate of gun ownership among the middle-age group in the United States. In the determination of this hypothesis, dependent variable (age) was measured in the context of gun possession. According to the result, about 25.4% of the young category agreed to own guns in the homes. The same result revealed that 39.1% of the middle age participants had guns in the homes. About 35.5% of the old group had guns in the homes. According to the Chi-Square Tests, it is essential to accept the null hypothesis.
The second hypothesis in the execution of this research was H2: male gender records higher rates of gun ownership in comparison to their female counterparts in the United States. According to the findings about 55.8% of the male had guns in their homes compared to 44.2 female participants. In relation to the Chi-square test, the minimum expected value is 19.04%. This indicates acceptance of the null hypothesis.
The third hypothesis in the completion of this research was H3: there is high rate of gun ownership among the rich individuals in the United States. According to the results focusing on the poor, middle class, and the rich, the percentages were 33.2, 9.4, and 57.4 for the 3 categories respectively. The minimum expected value according to the chi-square test was 4.58. This is a reflection of acceptance of the null hypothesis.
There results indicate variation of implications to the confirmation of the hypotheses thus realization of effective and proportionate correlation between the dependent variables and independent variable. In answering to the question of gun ownership, majority of the participants indicated that they do not own guns in their residential homes. Approximately 30% of the participants noted that they own guns at home. This minor percentage results because of various projected reasons. One of the essential reasons for this outcome is the overwhelming risks such as increase in victimization, crime fear, and exposure of threats and attacks to the gun owners within the society. Another vital explanation for the massive percentage of individuals who claim not to own gun is increased faith in the law enforcement agencies in the enhancement of the security and protection of the citizens (Branas et al., 2009). Another critical explanation is the essence of strict regulations determining individuals with the authority or permission to own guns at their residential homes. These factors would explain why majority of the population chooses not to own guns in their residential homes in the context of the United States.
Another relevant finding in relation to the completion of the research exercise is the majority number of the middle age individuals owning guns at their residential homes. According to the findings, about 37% of the private owners of weapons are middle age individuals. There are several reasons for this outcome. One of the vital explanations is the lack of faith in the law enforcement agencies in enhancing security and protection of the individuals. Middle age individuals are subjected to threats thus the need to enhance their protection and security through private ownership of the guns in their residential homes. Such individuals also meet the regulations and laws governing the ownership of guns thus increase in the case of gun possession among the middle age group. It is also essential to note that approximately 36% of the private gun owners in the United States are young society members. This high percentage might be because of illegal accessibility and ownership of the weapon. There is a reflection of low rate of gun possession among the older group within the society. This is because of the lack of cognitive and functional abilities and capacity to handle the guns towards maximize the benefits (Gun Control Overview, 2013).
It is also essential to note that approximately 50% of the private gun owners in the United States are rich. This percentage results from the ability and capacity of the rich to meet the regulations of gun ownership. They also have the means to acquire the arms in comparison to their poor counterparts in the society. Another contributing factor is increase in the level of exposure among the rich society members in comparison to the poor group in the United States. In addition, an overwhelming percentage of the poor owns guns in the United States. This is because of the need to enhance their security and protection in relation to the highly criminal neighborhood. The rich also own guns for the purposes of personal and property protection in the context of the highly criminal neighborhood (Branas et al., 2009).
It is also essential to note that majority of the private gun owners in the United States are male. Approximately 56% of the gun owners in the United States are male while 44% are female. This diverse percentages in relation to gender correlates to with the disparities in the security and protection issues between the male and female in the United States. According to most observations, male society members undergo numerous criminal attacks or threats in comparison to the female members. This makes it essential for the male society members to enhance their protection and security more than their female members do thus the need to own a gun (Branas et al., 2009).
James D. Agresti & Reid K. Smith. (September 13, 2010). "Gun Control Facts: Just Facts",.