S. & Canadian Operators
Rest of the world
Source: (Boeing, 2012)
Human factors cause of different types of Aircraft Accidents
The study also compares the human factors that cause different type of aircraft accidents. As being in fig 1 and 2, the situation awareness is the most contributing factor to that cause aircraft accidents for both the B737 Classic and B747 aircraft. However, the B737 Classic provides Mean =130 value for the situation awareness, while B747 records Mean =70 for the situation awareness. The communication break is another most contributing human factor that causes aircraft accidents. However, the Mean value for B737 is 90, while the Mean value of B747 is 55. Although, B747 is bigger than B377 Classic, however, the human factors affecting the bigger aircraft are more pronounced than the human factors affecting the smaller aircraft.
However, A320 Family is a slim aircraft. As being revealed in the fig 3, the human factors causing the aircraft accidents for the A320 Family are higher than the human factors for both B747 and B737. The situation awareness for the A320 Family is 340 while the communication breakdown is 240.
Fig 1: Human factors causing of B737 Classic
Fig 2: Human factors causing of B747
Fig 3: Human factors causing of A320 Family
Correlating factors between types of anomalies and Aircraft Type
The paper also investigates the anomalies and the aircraft type. The paper uses the factors below as the types of anomalies that can cause aircraft accidents:
Aircraft Equipment Problem
As being revealed in Fig 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 and 9, the 999, A320 Family aircraft and B737NG are the most vulnerable to anomalies out of all the aircrafts evaluated.
Fig 4: Aircraft Equipment Problem
Fig 5: ATC Issues
Fig 6: Conflict
Fig 7: Deviation Altitude
Fig 8: Deviation Procedural
Fig 9: In-flight Event
The aircraft incidents that lead to the constant loss of life has been the major concern to government and pople globally. When an aircraft accidents occurs, the...
The objective of this study is to investigate correlations between human factors and aircraft incidents. The study also analyses factors leading to aircraft incidents by comparing human factors, aircraft types, anomalies types, phase of flight, and contributing factors. The human factors has been the major factors that cause aircraft accidents. The situational awareness and comunication breakdown have been the major factors leading to aircraft incidents. However, the correlation between the aircraft type and aircraft incidents reveal that slim aircrafts are more suspectible to aircraft incidents than large aircrafts.
The study explores human factors leading to the aircaft incidents in the contemporary aviation anvcironment. Moreover, the study investigates the correlation beween aircaft incidents and aircraft types. The study collects data from the FAA database that contains compehesive data on the human factors causing aircraft incidents. The FAA also contains database of different type of anomalies causing the aircraft incidents, the results show that aircrafts such as 999, B737NG and A320 Familes are more susceptible to anomalies than other aircrafts.
Balk, A.D. & Bossenbroek, J.W. (2010). Aircraft Ground and Human Factors, A comparative study of the perceptions by ramp staff and management. NLR Air Transport Safety Institute.
Boeing (2013). Commercial Jet Statistical Summary of the Airplane Accidents Worldwide Operations 1959 -- 2012. Boeing 707.
Eldredge, D. Mangold, S.J. & Dodd, R.S. (1992). A Review and Discussion of Flight Management System Incidents Reported to the Aviation Safety Reporting System. U.S. Department of Special Programs & Transportation Research Administration
Deitz, S.R. & Thomas, W.E (1991). Pilots, Personality and Performance: Human Behavior & Stress in the Skies.
Herrera, J.M. & Vasigh, B. (2009). A Basic Analysis of Aging Aircraft, Region of The World, And Accidents. Journal of Business & Economics Research. 7(5): 121-132.
Sarter, N.B. & Alexander, H.M. (2000). Error Types and Related Error Detections Mechanism in Aviation Domain: An Analysis of Aviation Safety Reporting System Incident Reports. International Journal of the Aviation Psychology, 10(2):189-206.
Shappell, S.A. & Wiegmann, D.A. (2000). The Human Factors Analysis and Classification System -- HFACS. Office of Aviation Medicine Washington, DC.
Tsang, P.S. And Vidulich, M.A.(2003). Principles and Practice of Aviation Psychology (Human Factors in Transportation). USA. CRC Press.
Aviation & Human Factor Aviation "The history of the development and progress of Human Factors in aviation, highlighting areas of significant change" Development in Aviation field is an essential element from defense prospective of any country. Advancement in assembly of an aircraft is always a result of some human error in handling. Error handling while pilot is operating an aircraft is an unrecoverable action in some cases. Human handling for safety of aircraft,
Human Factors in Aviation Safety The human beings with their immense capabilities, imagination, creativity, and cleverness have transformed the world into an industrial world that is surrounded by numerous inventions, innovations, and advancements in various facets of life. Aviation industry is also one of the developments of the human beings, which was imagined as an attempt to emulate bird flight. Human beings were engaged in this phenomenon for centuries prior to
Wired. June 15, 2012. Retrieved online: http://www.wired.com/dangerroom/2012/06/grey-eagle/ The Boeing Company (n.d.). Human factors. Retrieved online: http://www.boeing.com/commercial/aeromagazine/aero_08/human_textonly.html Hayhurst, K.J., Maddalon, J.M. Miner, P.S., DeWalt, M.P. & McCormick, G.F. (2006). Unmanned aircraft hazards and their implications for regulation. Retrieved online: http://shemesh.larc.nasa.gov/people/jmm/5B1_201hayhu.pdf Helmreich, R.L., Merritt, a.C., & Wilhelm, J.A. (1999). The evolution of crew resource management training in commercial aviation. Retrieved online: http://homepage.psy.utexas.edu/homepage/group/helmreichlab/publications/pubfiles/Pub235.pdf Mulenberg, J. (n.d.). Crew resource management improves decision making. NASA. Retrieved online: http://www.nasa.gov/offices/oce/appel/ask/issues/42/42i_crew_resource_management_prt.htm NASA
They just assume that the autopilot will take care of flying the plane, and their skills get rusty with lack of use. Then, if something goes wrong with the autopilot system the pilot and his or her crew members may not know what to do and they may not react as quickly as they need to in order to protect the passengers and the rest of the crew members
Human Factors in Aviation Brief Historical Background The Airline Industry has a history that dates back to 1903 when the Wright brothers made their first successful flight in Kitty Hawk, North Carolina. Initially the public did not take the idea of the airplane travel favorably. But this event marked the beginning of the Airline Industry as more and more inputs were given by people such as Charles Lindbergh who successfully completed a
The mechanic must have adequate knowledge, training, data for assigned task, tools and equipment, be mentally and physically prepared, take safety precautions, have adequate resources, and have researched FAR, Federal Aviation Regulations, to ensure compliance. The task must be performed with a committed attitude, in accordance with appropriate data and acceptable methods, techniques, and practices that are industry acceptable. The mechanic must perform without pressures, stresses, and distractions, re-inspect