Impact Of Local Economic Development Initiatives Term Paper

Length: 15 pages Sources: 15 Subject: Urban Studies Type: Term Paper Paper: #43161334 Related Topics: Economic Development, Economic Geography, Urban Development, Urban Geography
Excerpt from Term Paper :

¶ … Local Economic Development Initiatives


The Concept of Sustainable Rural Communities in Local Areas

The Concept of Rural Development in Local Areas

The Concept of Endogenous Development Initiatives in Local areas

Transformation is key when it comes to local economic development initiatives. Ever since World War II economies in so many different rural areas have been faced with the rising harsh economic circumstances that have been threatening people's everyday existence. A lot of the situations that they are going through have a lot to do with depopulation resulting for the most part from low growth in job opportunities, out-migration, an aging population, underemployment rate, high unemployment and low family income, lack of socio-economic infrastructure ( shopping centers, health centers, schools, power and electric supply water supply,). Research show that the rural economy in both developed and developing nations countries has also gone through a big decline because of the lack of economic development iniatives (Gough, 2008)

The worsening of the rural economic situation that has been taking place all over the world has called into question the traditional local economic development theories and policies founded on export base models; growth poles; polarization and trickle-down strategies for the reason that big companies are now extremely conservative in their investment decisions and public funds are reduced because of budgetary constraints (Cole, 2009). These kind of trends increasingly reduce the credibility of external answers and lead to bigger focus being put on endogenously-generated economic development chances in the rural areas, that is, job and business creation at the local level matching local needs and resources for the benefit of local people.

In the face of what looks like low growth rate and an unnecessary dependence on natural and primary resource industries, the governments of a lot of numerous growing and developing nations are presently assuming financial diversification guidelines and programs so as to revive and maintain their rural economies. Development officers, policy-makers, and rural and regional community leaders have this belief that rural communities currently need new types of business and productions to expand the local economy and place more importance on locally-oriented economic development activities for instance small manufacturing businesses, value-added production, agri-tourism businesses and agri-food industries (Goss, 2008). The stress is now determinedly on locally-based endogenous development creativities -- creating or conserving jobs that construct on the basis of an area's own possessions (Sheikh, 2010). This has unavoidably led to more decentralized locally-based approaches to rural financial development and diversification procedures (Kobeissi, 2009).

Research shows that the endogenous development initiative is equal to: local employment initiatives, local self-help and self-reliance initiatives, locally-based development initiatives, third sector, local/community financial development initiatives, and indigenous development initiatives (Gordon, 2009). In the context of rural economic development, nevertheless, endogenous development initiatives can be described as a means to produce economic restitution in areas that are low-income rural. The method (a) attempts to attach individuals -- and their innovation, capital and entrepreneurship (intellectual and financial) -- to place; (b) attempts to raise the awareness of locality as the unit of development action and policy; (c) purposes to nurturing the economic and social revitalization of rural areas and defining or bracing existing local characters; and (d) emphases on local/regional approaches to development and encourages community participation, networking, collaboration and companies among all managers of rural development.

Rural development programs and policies take into account the desire to support and/or control all features of the rural economy and the whole choice of territorial resources.

The European Commission White Paper 'The Future of Rural Society (Cole, 2009)', made the point that "the very knowledge of expanding rural economies on the foundation of their indigenous potential necessitates that whatever rural development programme is boarded upon, it must be based on actual limited conditions" and "equally reliable (integrated) local development programs are important...Rural development will need to be both multi-disciplinary in start, and mulit-sectoral in presentation...Regional or rural development plans cannot prosper without the direct participation of the interests concerned (Blignaut, 2011). Partnership and


However, the European Union's LEADER rural development program (Senter, 2008)likewise proposes that this can be attained by improving skills; encouraging new forms of endogenous initiatives and organization; inspiring new methods of linkages among groups and public agencies; and, by allowing persons and governments to be more supple and adjustable to changing situations.

The core of endogenous development initiative in LEADER is looked at as the production of social capital (for instance trust, networks and norms ) in numerous procedures that can profit from the whole rural region and its groups in terms of enhancement in financial, human, political, institutional and environmental environments of rural life on a maintainable basis through the utilization and rational operation of local natural, human, and institutional resources (Andolina, 2012).

As a result, if financial development and diversification growths of rural districts are the outcome of an prearranged determination by rural society as one, and can no longer be left to either central administration as a preparation exercise, or individual acts taken by enterprises, then there is an obvious ear need for new, more realistic and less speculative methods to rural development which order rural areas and rural socio-monetary development. The input of endogenous development initiatives to the development procedure of rural regions has been seen as a critical component (Gough, 2008). These endogenously-led development initiatives have been acknowledged as an exceptional and progressively important rural resource inside the OECD, predominantly in the context of rural economic development (Oztel, 2008).

Despite the potential applicability of the concept, especially in developed countries, there remains a lack of understanding about: Thus, if economic development and diversification processes of rural regions are the result of an organized effort by rural society as a whole, and can no longer be left to either central government as a planning exercise, or individual acts taken by enterprises, then there is a clear need for new, more pragmatic and less theoretical approaches partnerships to rural development which arrange rural parts and rural socio-financial development (Blignaut, 2011).

The influence of endogenous development initiatives to the development procedure of rural districts has been seen as a critical component (Gordon, 2009). These endogenously-led development initiatives have been acknowledged as an exclusive and increasingly key rural resource inside the OECD, mostly in the context of rural economic (Cole, 2009). In spite of the potential applicability of the concept, particularly in developed nations, there remains a lack of understanding about the impact of local economic development initiatives.


Economic development in originated in the post war period of reconstruction initiated by the U.S. In 1949, during his inaugural speech, President Harry Truman identified the development of undeveloped areas as a priority for the west:

"In excess of half the individuals of the world are living in conditions impending misery. Their food is poor, they are victims of disease. Their economic life is simple and stagnant. Their poverty is a handicap and a threat both to them and to more prosperous areas. For the first time in history humanity possesses the knowledge and the skill to relieve the suffering of these people prosperity and peace. And the key to greater production is a wider and more vigorous application of modem scientific and technical knowledge." (Senter, 2008)

There have been numerous key phases of development theory ever since 1945. From the 1940s to the 1970s the state had been playing a big part in endorsing industrialization in increasing nations, succeeding the idea of modernization theory. This era was followed by a short-lived period of simple needs development aiming on human capital development and redistribution in the 1970s (Cole, 2009). Neo-liberalism arose in the early 1980s forcing a program of free trade and Import Replacement Development.

In economics, the study of local economic development initiatives was allowed out of an extension to traditional finances that focused completely on national product, or the aggregate output of services and goods. Economic development was regarded in the development of people's prerogatives and their consistent capabilities, morbidity, nourishment, reading ability, education, and other socio-economic signs (Kobeissi, 2009). Tolerated out of the background of Keynesian, promoting government intervention, and neoclassical economics, emphasizing intervention that has been reduced, with rise of high-growth nations (South Korea, Singapore, and Hong Kong) and planned governments (Chile, Uganda, Argentina, Sudan,) economic development, more usually development economics, arose among these mid-20th century theoretical explanations of how economies thrive. (Goss, 2008)Likewise, economist Albert O. Hirschman, a key donor to development economics, proclaimed that economic development started growing to concentrate on the…

Sources Used in Documents:


Andolina, R. (2012). THE VALUES OF WATER: Development cultures and indigenous cultures in highland ecuador. Latin American Research Review, 21(12), 3-26,231,235.

Blignaut, J. & . (2011). The impact of water scarcity on economic development initiatives. Water S.A., 34(12), 123-145.

Cole, M.A. (2009). imits to growth, sustainable development and environmental kuznets curves: An examination of the environmental impact of economic development. . Sustainable Development, 12(4), 23-67.

Gordon, T.M. (2009). Bargaining in the shadow of the ballot box: Causes and consequences of local voter initiatives. Public Choice, 23(14), 45-56.

Cite this Document:

"Impact Of Local Economic Development Initiatives" (2013, September 30) Retrieved April 13, 2021, from

"Impact Of Local Economic Development Initiatives" 30 September 2013. Web.13 April. 2021. <>

"Impact Of Local Economic Development Initiatives", 30 September 2013, Accessed.13 April. 2021,

Related Documents
Local Economic Development in Porirua
Words: 3414 Length: 9 Pages Topic: Government Paper #: 47188932

The local and regional councils that administer the Porirua City metropolitan area have different, but interrelated responsibilities that must be taken into account in formulating effective economic developmental initiatives as described in Table 1 below. Table 1 Respective Responsibilities and Areas of Interest for Regional and Local Councils in New Zealand Council Type Description of Responsibilities and Areas of Interest Regional Councils Responsible for the integrated management of natural and physical resources, management of natural

Economic Development and Trade in an Era
Words: 4535 Length: 12 Pages Topic: Government Paper #: 1828052

Economic Development and Trade In an era of increased globalization and advancements in technology, it has become increasingly important for all of the nations of the world to keep bringing improvements in their economic infrastructure and to expand their businesses on the global scale. It has been observed that without a reasonable level of economic development any country cannot gain a competitive position in the world market. This is the dilemma

Economic Development in Honduras: A Banana War
Words: 2008 Length: 7 Pages Topic: Literature - Latin-American Paper #: 90285447

Economic Development in Honduras: A Banana War Legacy An Analysis of Economic Development in Honduras from 1820 to Present In many Latin American countries such as Honduras, the historical emphasis that has been placed on agriculture as a money industry for export purposes has resulted in the term, "banana republic" (Nash & Jeffrey 1994). Following their independence, most Latin American countries continued to depend on the export of raw materials for their

Economic Development, ICT and Poverty
Words: 1450 Length: 5 Pages Topic: Economics Paper #: 8614404

3-0.27 France 1.6-0.25 Germany 2.1-0.19 Italy 1.9-0.24 Japan 1.9-0.19 UK 1.4-0.40 US 1.0-0.41 Source Kodakanchi et al. (2006) citing Schreyer (1999), Table, page 19 Further reported by Kodakanchi et. al, is the fact that one of the African countries, and there are many, that faces poverty and inequality disaster is the country of Ghana. Advances in technology in Ghana are stated to be "meager since its independence in 1957." (2006) the economic development model based on it for

Shareholder Capitalism As a Model for Economic Development
Words: 3799 Length: 10 Pages Topic: Economics Paper #: 1230604

Shareholder Capitalism as a Model for Economic Development The idea that shareholder capitalism may serve as a powerful type of economic progression model has been made practical with the growth of credit along with a large marginal tax that delivers a security net for Americans, but additionally has its own limits. Shareholder capitalism, and also the American structure of corporate governance which can serve as its main-operating-system, continues to be held out

Human Capital in Latin American Economic Development
Words: 3626 Length: 13 Pages Topic: Economics Paper #: 80624344

Human Capital in Latin American Economic Development HUMAN CAPITAL IN LATIN AMERICAN ECONOMIC Developtment The concern for the economic development in the developing countries has been an issue for several decades. Many policy makers around the globe in various developing countries have formulated development strategies for their economies in consultation with the developed countries and international bodies. The central focus of all the policies have been on the development and investment on