Individuals Seek Medical Aid Everyday in Order Essay

Excerpt from Essay :

individuals seek medical aid everyday in order to conceive a child. "Generally, worldwide it is estimated that one in seven couples have problems conceiving, with the incidence similar in most countries independent of the level of the country's development" (National Institute fo Health and Clinical Excellence, 2010). Through new technology, conceiving a child is now possible for individuals who were never able to previously. One such method is through egg donation and bioengineering. This process is for a woman who is unable to contribute a viable egg in order to produce a zygote. Egg donation has become an increasingly popular method of conception. This method should be completely illegal for several reasons.

Egg donation companies supply these eggs through donors. Donors go through a rigorous screening process. This process can include everything from disclosing medical records, meetings with psychologists, medical testing, and signing an informed consent form. Once a donor passes all examinations and signs all necessary paperwork, they are given cycles of hormones to increase egg production. This requires several visits to the clinic where the donation and reception will take place, in order to receive the hormone injections. Once the cycle of hormone cycle is complete, the eggs are retrieved through an out-patient surgery. The eggs extracted from the donor are typically given to a recipient, frozen for later use, discarded, or used in scientific research.

This method of conception has helped many previously infertile individuals, or couples, to conceive a child. A donor is usually matched to a recipient by eye color, hair color, and skin tone, but it is completely up to the recipient to choose who their donor will be. "An egg donor may be motivated by a number of reasons to provide eggs. Some egg donors may be altruistic and feel that participation in the reproductive process provides a benefit for another person, sometimes a person they know or are related to. A survey of 80 American women showed that 30% were motivated by altruism alone" (Kara N. Maxwell, 2008). It appears this is a great situation for both parties involved. A donor can donate for altruistic reasons, or monetary, either way there seems to be a benefit. The recipient, who was previously unable to have a child, is now able to. Both the donor and recipient can walk away with what they want.

A donor, by law, is not able to be paid for their eggs. Based on a Denver company's website, "Our agency compensates egg donors anywhere between $5,000 and $10,000, which can be dependent upon a number of considerations including location, number of previous donations and ethnic diversity" (ConceiveAbilities, 2010). This compensation is provided by the recipient for the donor's time, any travel expense, and inconvenience. Many arguments have been made as to whether this is ethical. This means that only the wealthy infertile couples can even consider this method of conception, and it appears as if the donor is being paid quite a bit of money for their eggs. "Higher fees may unduly influence a woman's decision and blind her to potential risks," says Rebecca…

Sources Used in Document:

Bibliography

ConceiveAbilities. (2010, December 12). Egg Donor Compensation. Retrieved December 12, 2010, from ConceiveAbilities: http://www.conceiveabilities.com/donor_pg_4a.htm

Egg Donation: Legal-Ethical Issues. (2010, October 13). Retrieved December 8, 2010, from Med India: http://www.medindia.net/patients/patientinfo/egg_donation_issues.htm

Kara N. Maxwell, I.N. (2008). The incidence of both serious and minor complications in young women undergoing oocyte donation. Fertility and Sterility, 2165-2171.

National Institute fo Health and Clinical Excellence . (2010, March 30). fERTILITY- INFORMATION FOR THE PUBLIC. Retrieved December 10, 2010, from NHS: http://www.nice.org.uk/guidance/index.jsp?action=download&o=29271

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