Principal Directorates of Department of Homeland Security
Border and Transportation Security
The largest component of the Department of Homeland Security is the Directorate of Border and Transportation Security (BTS). This division is responsible for maintaining the security of the nation's borders and transportation systems. BTS employees about 58% of DHS's total employees, has nearly half of its operating budget, and includes what was formerly TSA, Customs, the border security functions of INS, the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, and FLETC. Just like the other directorates of DHS, it is managed by an undersecretary of homeland security (United States Department of Homeland Security, 2012).
This department brought together several agencies from such departments as the Treasury Department, the Department of Justice, the Department of Transportation, and the Department of Agriculture. The mission of this directorate is to secure the borders and transportation systems of the United States and to enforce immigration laws. This directorate is made up of four main agencies: the Transportation Security Administration, Customs and Border Protection, Immigration and Customs Enforcement, and the Federal Law Enforcement Training Center (Border and Transportation Security, 2010).
Emergency Preparedness and Response
Second in size is the Directorate of Emergency Preparedness and Response (EPR), which includes FEMA and a number of smaller agencies. EPR is charged with making sure that the nation is prepared for and able to recover from both terrorist attacks and natural disasters (United States Department of Homeland Security, 2012).
The Emergency Preparedness and Response Directorate oversees domestic disaster preparedness training and coordinates government disaster response. It brings together:
The Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA), Strategic National Stockpile and the National Disaster Medical System, Nuclear Incident Response Team (Energy), Domestic Emergency Support Teams (Justice) and the National Domestic Preparedness Office (FBI) (Department of Homeland Security, 2012).
Science and Technology
The Directorate of Science and Technology (S&T) is DHS's principal research and development arm. Among the areas of focus for S&T is the range of technology needed to prepare for and respond to terrorist threats involving weapons of mass destruction (United States Department of Homeland Security, 2012). The S&T Directorate's mission is to strengthen America's security and resiliency by providing knowledge products and innovative technology solutions for the Homeland Security Enterprise. The Directorate is comprised of four groups that address basic research through advanced technology development and transition - spanning six primary divisions that address critical homeland security needs. The Directorate captures the technical requirements of Department components through the...
IAIP brings together a number of specialists capable of identifying and assessing current and future threats to the homeland (United States Department of Homeland Security, 2012).
The Information Analysis and Infrastructure Protection Directorate looks at intelligence and information from other agencies (including the CIA, FBI, DIA and NSA) involving threats to homeland security and evaluate vulnerabilities in the nation's infrastructure. It will brings together: Critical Infrastructure Assurance Office (Commerce)
Federal Computer Incident Response Center (GSA, National Communications System (Defense), National Infrastructure Protection Center (FBI) and the Energy Security and Assurance Program (Energy) (Department of Homeland Security, 2012).
Finally, the smallest and least visible directorate is Management, which is concerned with DHS internal affairs, including budget and personnel issues (United States Department of Homeland Security, 2012). The Directorate for Management is responsible for:
budget, appropriations, expenditure of funds, accounting and finance;
procurement; human resources and personnel;
information technology systems;
facilities, property, equipment, and other material resources identification and tracking of performance measurements relating to the responsibilities of the Department (About the Directorate for Management, 2011).
Key to the success of the Department in bolstering national security is the success of its workforce. The Directorate for Management ensures that the Department's over 230,000 employees have well-defined responsibilities and managers and their employees have effective means of communicating with one another, with other governmental and nongovernmental bodies, and with the public they serve (About the Directorate for Management, 2011).
The National Terrorism Advisory System, or NTAS, replaces the color-coded Homeland Security Advisory System (HSAS) that used to be in place. The new system is set up to more successfully communicate information about terrorist threats by offering…
(Combating Terrorism: FEMA Continues to Make Progress in Coordinating Preparedness and Response: Participation in Interagency and Intra-agency Groups and Committees) CIMS: The Office of Emergency Management --OEM who has been collaborating with NYPD & FDNY and other City agencies to develop the CIMS, the adoption of which was declared by Mayor Bloomberg in March, 2004. CIMS makes a uniform incident management structure for every City agency that is broadly based
National Security Council or NSC was created and established by the National Security Act of 1947 (The White House 2006). Later, it incorporated the National Security Act Amendments of 1949 and placed in the Executive Office of the President as part of the Reorganization Plan in the same year. Its chairman is the President and its regular attendees are the Vice President, the Secretary of State, the Secretary of the
Decision Support Paper: Department of Homeland Security (DHS) – U.S. Immigration and Custom Enforcement Introduction and Background This text analyses the budget plan of both the Department of Homeland Security and the U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement, one of DHS’s operating directories, with an aim of determining how the said directorate is impacted upon by the DHS budget plan. In so doing, the needs of the Immigration and Custom Enforcement will be
To a greater degree than at any point in history, individuals and small groups, from nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) on the one hand to criminal networks and terrorist organizations on the other, have the ability to engage the world with far-reaching effects, including those that are disruptive and destructive (Quadrennial Homeland Security Review Report: A Strategic Framework for a Secure Homeland, 2010). When considering all the forces that threaten the United
This as an important moment in the history of the Cold War because it marked the start of a new series of talks between the Palestinians and the Israeli side. This moment also proved the importance of the State Secretary in relation to the issues of foreign policy and the international community. At this moment, some of the most important cabinets in the executive concern issues such as internal affairs
Environmental Issues Faced in 21st Century Aviation Reducing Communication and Coordination Tools and Metrics Technology, Operations and Policy Demand Aviation and the Environment Effects on the health Local Air Quality Climate Change Total Climate impacts from aircraft Interdependencies Mobility, Economy and National Security Interactions between Government, Industry and Groups Aviation Greenhouse Gas Emissions Economic Impact SPCC Regulations Local Airport Issues De-icing Fluids A Framework for National Goals Realities and Myths Metrics Recommended Actions Environmental Issues Faced in 21st Century Aviation Environmental awareness in regards to 21st century aviation among the public and politicians has