It is also necessary for the state representatives to be able to identify and implement the most useful tools that safeguard their goals. "Unlike the final score for a game in which there is always one winner and one loser, winning at the negotiating table means sharing resources to achieve multiple objectives. The public sector is getting better at this game and, with some changes, can insure that they achieve their goals for enhanced economic development, tax revenues, and the intangible benefits of image."
3. Article Critique
Simply put, the general idea is that of agreeing with the thoughts of Mark Rosentraub and David Swindell. Here is why. First of all, it is true that the role of states in sports related fields is generally increased, and like many other elements, it has evolved from a stage in which it was only necessary for the state to offer the general infrastructure, such as roads and bridges to be used by the teams in their endeavors, to the nowadays construction of modern stadiums.
Then, sports teams have also evolved, and not do not only serve the purposes for which they were initially intended. Sports competitions are held in popular locations, and broadcasted on television. So they raise audiences. And where there are audiences, there are advertisers, who promote their products, which are then purchased by the people watching the competition; the sales revenues for the advertisers are used in investment projects to generate more jobs and more economic opportunities. This virtually means that by investing in sports teams, the states invest in the economic growth of the country. Additionally, if the sports team is professional, or even semi-professional, it will generate economic wealth through the attraction of tourists. All these make the public investment in sports teams worthwhile.
Referring to the negotiation process, this is similar to any other negotiation between any other parties. From the standpoint of the public sector, its representatives have to set their goals clearly and then struggle to make their points throughout the negotiation process. Regardless of the complexities and particularities of the situation, the discussion between sports team and representatives of the state is just a regular negotiation, in which each party strives to maximize its gains. Still, the very particularities must not be forgotten. Probably the most important one is that of the investment of the public patrimony for the well-being of a sports team. This virtually means that the state does not only represent its own interests, but also those of the communities and the people.
Last, it should be pointed out that the discussion is far from over. Rosentraub and Swindell only look at public-private administration of sports teams from the standpoint of the public party. Yet, the team is the second important participant, and its own side should also be presented. This however could constitute the subject of a new research, striving to answer questions of how would the team convince the state to build a new stadium for them, or how would the team be able to follow their own goals, in light of the new objectives imposed by the state.
Rosentraub,, M., Swindell, D., 2009, Of Devil and Details: Bargaining for Successful Public / Private Partnership between Cities and Sports Teams, Public Administration Quarterly, Vol.…
Sources Used in Document:
Rosentraub,, M., Swindell, D., 2009, Of Devil and Details: Bargaining for Successful Public / Private Partnership between Cities and Sports Teams, Public Administration Quarterly, Vol. 33