Through Lesson Study, teachers see first-hand the reasons why standards-based instruction is effective." (NCREL, nd) the standards-based classroom has four embedded central strategies:
1) inquiry and problem-solving;
2) collaborative learning;
3) continual assessment embedded in instruction; and 4) higher-order questioning. (NCREL, nd)
III. TEACHER'S VIEWS of STANDARDS-BASED INSTRUCTION OUTCOMES
NCREL relates the statement of Barbara Morgan, a teacher who states that the standards make the provision of a strong focus for learning stating: "I think the standards have helped focus the curriculum so that there is more across the schools and up and down the grade levels. We have an understanding of the content we want kids to learn, but I think we have a long way to go in how the students best learn it and how we get them excited about learning." (NCREL,
According to Kathy Johnson, a teacher of four-grade mathematics and Science at Oak Park Elementary School in Michigan: "The curriculum must represent the most important knowledge, skills, and attributes that schools want their students to acquire because these learning outcomes will serve as the basis of assessment instruments. Likewise, instructional methods should be appropriate for the designed curriculum. Teaching methods should lead to students learning the outcomes that are the focus of the assessment standards." (NCREL, nd)
IV. STANDARDS SUPPORT REVIEW - ALBUQUERQUE PUBLIC SCHOOLS
Standards-based education which is a process designed for the planning, delivering, monitoring and improving of academic programs is reported by the Albuquerque public schools to be beneficial in the following ways:
Standards provide clarity and a fixed point of reference for students and teachers on what content and skills to teach at each grade-level;
Standards guide instruction that is focused on student learning.
Standards provide a common language with which to have conversations about educational attainment.
Standards help ensure equal educational opportunities.
Standards assist in identifying struggling students.
Standards meet federal guidelines. (Albuquerque Public Schools, 2006)
Benefits derived from the standards for key stakeholders are stated to be those as follows:
Teachers - consistent use of standards "makes it easier to analyze the performance of groups of students by and across grade levels. In this way, teachers can identify gaps in the curriculum...
The standards help resolve debates about what to teach - and they force use of data over intuition in making instructional decisions. They also help establish clear priorities for resource allocation;
Parents - Standards are useful for parents because they indicate expectations for their children. Further, the standards help assure equity. The standards are for all students in all schools;
Teacher Educators - Standards are useful for teacher educators because they establish the content that pre-service teachers will be responsible for teaching; and Students - Standards are useful for students because they clearly describe learning expectations. Students know what they are expected to learn. They know how to meet high standards and are prepared for future academic study, as well as success on the state achievement testing system. (Albuquerque Public Schools, 2006)
SUMMARY & CONCLUSION
Standards-based education is clearly beneficial not only to students but as well is beneficial to teachers, parents, school administrators, and other stakeholders in making a provision of what is required and expected from each of the stakeholders in raising the standards of educational instruction and learning. Standards-based education guides instructional methods through establishing the content that should be learned by students clearly and benefits are increased learning and levels of achievement for students.
Menken, Kate and Holmes, Phillipe (2000) Standards-Based Education Reform and English Language Learner. Framing Effective Practice: Topics and Issues in Education English Language Learners NCBE, 2000.
Albuquerque Public Schools: Standards-Based Education Implementation Plan and District Standards Support Review (2006) www.aps.edu/APS/EISENHOWER/Standards2007.pdf
Standards-Based Education System (2008) U.S. Department of Defense Education Activity Domestic Dependent Elementary and Secondary Schools. DDESS 2008. Online…
The documents we provide are to be used as a sample, template, outline, guideline in helping you write your own paper, not to be used for academic credit. All users must abide by our "Student Honor Code" or you will be restricted access to our website.
Certain states have very high risks for students and there even three quarters or more of the teachers report about this high pressure, whereas in states where the stakes are low, the report of pressure is for half the students or less. The pressure on the teachers is also reflected in the position taken by elementary and middle school teachers who were more positive about the changes than high
Interestingly, this creation of "standards" began as a state effort, with each state creating its own standards for education, according to what was considered important for schools by citizens in each specific state. Challenges regarding consistency were therefore part and parcel of the standards issue to begin with. Later, a movement was established to create more common standards. The historical ideal behind content standards is that they draw on relevant
(Farah and Ridge, 2009) The successful shift from textbook, memory-based curriculum to a standards-based curriculum is therefore dependent on three things: the development of national standards and goals for curriculum; the development of corresponding assessment tools; and the re-education of teachers towards the objective of altering teachers' attitudes and views of their role in the education system. Rather than simply drilling memorized facts, words or phrases into a student's consciousness-as
Education Creating Democratic Citizens In American society, individuals are taught that their thoughts and opinions are valued. From this idea, democracy is born. Each individual has the right to have an opinion of any subject and to present his or her idea in a public arena. To determine the best-suited idea for a group, a vote is conducted to determine the most agreed upon conclusion. Since the majority of participants choose the
A group that is, by its very nature, mentally defective, will also easily be viewed as incapable of supporting itself without help - a strain on the larger society. In terms of modern day American society, this could be seen as declaring that African-Americans, and other similarly impoverished and marginalized groups, are likely to remain forever within the care of the social welfare system. Believers in such ideas might
It is important for students to understand that the world does not exist in isolation, but the skills we learn overlap in our journey into learning. Epistemology: Epistemology asks us to ponder the question: what is knowledge how does knowledge of one event or process impact other events, how do we know what we know? Within my educational philosophy, the concept of knowledge is, as it is in Bloom's hierarchy,