Successful Has America's Policy Of Essay

Length: 7 pages Sources: 15 Subject: Government Type: Essay Paper: #6241173 Related Topics: Central America, Democracy In America, Latin America, Colonial America
Excerpt from Essay :



The conditions during the Cold War period were exceptional and they asked for rather exceptional measures. The foreign policy of the U.S., as a hegemonic power of the world was under a tremendous amount of pressure. On one hand there were the fear of the worst possible enemies of democracy: communism and the fear of the atomic war that could have destroyed the world in minutes and on the other hand there were the economic factors that influenced a great deal of the U.S. policy making on the international arena and its role as the impartial judge in conflicts around the globe. The dream of helping building a democratic world where peace and justice, especially, social justice were at home were left in the utopian societies described in the books. The realities of the twentieth and the approaching twenty first Century were much more practical and lacked the romantic spirit of "democracy for everyone, at all costs."

The reality shows the U.S. implicated in wars to support authoritarian regimes because its policymakers at the time thought best in its personal interest and that of maintaining stability in a region with minimum costs. Economic advantages for the U.S. economy were often above civil liberties in the countries experiencing internal movements and thus authoritarian regimes that facilitated the foreign investments were supported for decades, even if they violated civil rights and favored the creation of insurmountable gaps between a small elite of the privileged and the rest of the society. One of the examples in this respect is that of Ferdinand Marcos. He used the U.S. support in the crisis determined the rebellion of the masses against his government, in 1972. The U.S. supported his regime that was highly authoritative during the 1970s and the first years of the 1980s. His government assured the stability need by the economic investors to penetrate and found businesses connected to the globalized economic world in the country. The decision makers in Washington changed their views after Marcos' the regime culminated his discretionary acts with the killing of the leader of the opposition, Benigno Aquino, Jr.,in 1983. Washington turned one hundred and eighty degrees and supported the opposition forces to win elections against Marcos. The change was not miraculous and the new government, led by Aquino's wife as president as in debt to the internal military forces as well as to those of the U.S. The new instrument of political aid developed at the beginning of the 1980s proved effective in Philippines. The success was far from being complete and undebatable. Further...

...

Chile, Nicaragua and Haiti are other countries that experiences authoritarian regimes supported by the U.S. For decades and then overthrown by the same U.S. when they became a real threat for the regional stability and for the global economy. Nicaragua and Chile finally came to see the light of the democracy after decades of authoritarian regime, the former under Pinochet and the latter under Samosa family first and then under the Sandinista government. Haiti is a special case that is still debated over and not yet eluded. After sustaining the Duvalier dictatorship and shifting in sides, the U.S. failed to help create the favorable conditions for installing a democracy. The void of power due to the lack of success in imposing either the authoritarian elite or the opposition perpetuated till today.

The world would certainly look different today if the U.S. stayed away from hundreds of domestic conflicts. The reconstruction of Germany and Japan due to massive economic aid from the U.S., the fall of the Berlin wall were bound to happen someday, but without the U.S. efforts in economic and political aid, that would have taken a few years or even decades more. Countries in Latin America had dictator reigning for decades with the explicit support of the U.S., but that cannot be blamed on the ill intentions of the hegemonic power in relationship with one nation. Self-interest and economic interest will always be difficult to overcome by ideological reasons. The numbers may not show a decisive result in the respect of success of the U.S. foreign policy to promote democracy around the world, but they are not showing the balance inclined the other way either. The world along with the U.S. still has to overcome experiences such as crimes against humanity and violation of the human rights that are still happening in some countries. Some of them surprisingly, on the right track of the globalization, but still under totalitarian regimes. The perfect instrument in fighting dictatorship has not been invented yet.

References

Meernik, J. United States Military Intervention and the Promotion of Democracy. Nov. 1996. Journal of Peace Research, Vol. 33, No. 4. Pp. 391-402.

Robinson, W.I. 1996. Globalization, the World System, and "Democracy Promotion" in U.S. Foreign Policy. Theory and Society, Vol. 25, No. 5. Pp. 615-665

Ralph, J. Review. 2001. American Democracy and Democracy Promotion. International Affairs (Royal Institute of International Affairs 1944-), Vol. 77, No. 1. Pp 129-140

Blanton, S.L. 2000.Promoting Human Rights and Democracy in the Developing World: U.S. Rhetoric vs. U.S. Arms Exports. American Journal of Political Science, Vol. 44, No. 1.Pp. 123-131

Von Hippel, K. 2000. Democracy by Force. Cambridge University Press.

O'Loughlin, J. et alii.1998. The Diffusion of Democracy, 1946-1994. Annals of the Association of American Geographers, Vol. 88, No. 4. Pp. 545-574.

Bouvier. V.M.

Bouvier, V.M., 2002.ed. The Globalization of U.S.-Latin American Relations: Democracy, Intervention, and Human Rights. Westport, CT: Praeger,.

Carey, a. 1995.Taking the Risk out of Democracy: Propaganda in the U.S. And Australia. Ed. Andrew Lohrey. Sydney, NSW: University of New South Wales

Constable, P. And Arturo V. 1991. A Nation of Enemies: Chile Under Pinochet / . New York W.W. Norton.

Heywood, a. 2000. Key Concepts in Politics. Basingstoke, England: Palgrave

Joes, a.J. 1999. ed. Saving Democracies: U.S. Intervention in Threatened Democratic States. Westport, CT: Praeger Publishers

Solaun, M. 2005. U.S. Intervention and Regime Change in Nicaragua. Lincoln, NE: University of Nebraska Press.

Watson, W.E.1998. The Collapse of Communism in the Soviet Union. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1998.

Wippman, D. 1997. "Defending Democracy through Foreign Intervention." Houston Journal of International Law 19.3 (1997): 659-687.

Sources Used in Documents:

References

Meernik, J. United States Military Intervention and the Promotion of Democracy. Nov. 1996. Journal of Peace Research, Vol. 33, No. 4. Pp. 391-402.

Robinson, W.I. 1996. Globalization, the World System, and "Democracy Promotion" in U.S. Foreign Policy. Theory and Society, Vol. 25, No. 5. Pp. 615-665

Ralph, J. Review. 2001. American Democracy and Democracy Promotion. International Affairs (Royal Institute of International Affairs 1944-), Vol. 77, No. 1. Pp 129-140

Blanton, S.L. 2000.Promoting Human Rights and Democracy in the Developing World: U.S. Rhetoric vs. U.S. Arms Exports. American Journal of Political Science, Vol. 44, No. 1.Pp. 123-131


Cite this Document:

"Successful Has America's Policy Of" (2008, August 31) Retrieved October 24, 2021, from
https://www.paperdue.com/essay/successful-has-america-policy-of-28325

"Successful Has America's Policy Of" 31 August 2008. Web.24 October. 2021. <
https://www.paperdue.com/essay/successful-has-america-policy-of-28325>

"Successful Has America's Policy Of", 31 August 2008, Accessed.24 October. 2021,
https://www.paperdue.com/essay/successful-has-america-policy-of-28325

Related Documents
Policy Politics and Global Health
Words: 4277 Length: 13 Pages Topic: Political Science Paper #: 57993551

Policy, Politics, and Global Health The public policy issue selected is childhood obesity. I selected this issue because childhood obesity has a considerable longstanding impact on the health of the public as well as the cost of health care. This is becoming a more significant issue in the public realm because childhood obesity emanates from the main reason that these children grow up into obese adults who might end up suffering

Policy Changes in the Criminal
Words: 870 Length: 3 Pages Topic: Criminal Justice Paper #: 78317190

This would lead to some sort of drug treatment and rehabilitation for the prisoners leading to reforms when they are released from prison Davis 20. This sentiment is shared by Lt. Gannon who stated that many of those who end up in prison do not belong there. They just need drug treatment, rehabilitation and community support services. Most of all, they need a second chance Lemaitre () . If reforms can

America and China Trade Relations Intellectual Property
Words: 3054 Length: 8 Pages Topic: Economics - International Trade Paper #: 81437613

America and China Trade Relations Intellectual property is very important as American business continues to expand and develops. Businesses are now attempting to penetrate foreign markets which are unique in their laws, customers and beliefs. International trade is no different in this regard as business attempts to capitalize on a burgeoning middle class in China. As such, it is important for business to protect the intellectual capital that made their operations

Americas Rise to Industrial Power
Words: 2937 Length: 11 Pages Topic: American History Paper #: 97585476

Having started as a bookkeeper in Cleveland, John D. Rockefeller accumulated money while being a merchant, and then bought his first oil refinery in 1862. By 1870 he had started Standard Oil Company of Ohio. His secret agreements with railroads allowed him to ship his oil with rebates and discounts, thusly driving competitors out of business. By 1899, The Standard Oil Company, acting as a holding company, controlled the stock

America Was a Wonderful Experiment in Freedom
Words: 3066 Length: 11 Pages Topic: Government Paper #: 52240677

America was a wonderful experiment in freedom and democracy which had never before been attempted by any nation. Nations either tried to give power to the people in order to prevent monarchies from rising to despotic power, or they allowed monarchs, despots and other sole figure heads to rise to power. In the case of allowing the people to rule, Europe and European's had learned many times that unbridled power

Policy Problem & Proposal Policy Problem the
Words: 3462 Length: 10 Pages Topic: Economics Paper #: 4531209

Policy Problem & Proposal Policy Problem The United States faces a $1.4 trillion national deficit, and partisan debate about how to address it is threatening economic stability on top of the shaky "recovery" from the 2009 financial crisis. Yet American corporations continue to enjoy tax loopholes that reduce their taxes to unprecedented low levels. Republicans argue that corporations must retain their preferred tax status in order to maintain and create jobs. This