Table 1- Implementation and Accountability of L&D program
Figure 2 Business Case Rationale for T&D program at Fidelity
Figure 3- HR Redesign Elements
This HR Learning and Development (L&D) program proposed for Fidelity Investments is aimed at addressing the key challenges faced by the firms in its human resource management. There are several instances when HR function has contributed to the bottom line of firm as well as pursued an egalitarian culture of society. Present program is spanned over 5 weeks and will be implemented in Americas & Canada region initially. With successful implementation of this L&D program in one region (Americas & Canada), further implementation will be recommended in regions of Europe, MENA, and Asia Pacific.
The desired outcomes of this program are defined as increasing cross-selling of mutual funds across newly defined regions of Fidelity Investments. The desired outcomes also include increasing revenue from global mutual funds service of the firm and to increase the holding tenure of each corporate mutual fund account managed by the company. These outcomes will be realized through L&D program aimed at increasing collaboration of associate team across regional countries and using information technology to increase core competency of the firm in each geographical region. Time line along with implementation mode of this program is presented in form of table. The short-term effectiveness of this program will be assessed by the HR manger of Fidelity Investments where compliance to the 'outcomes' defined in section two of the program will be evaluated by Vice President (VP) Branch Learning and Development, Mr. Robert Wilkinson. The program will allow the company to redesign the operational set up and will now be based upon regions rather than individual countries. This will be facilitated through the new communication and collaboration designed in the program.
HR Transformation strategy- Fidelity Investments
A brief introduction to Fidelity Investments was provided in the first part of this capstone project. The firm belongs to financial services industry that has undergone several changes during the last few years, some related to operations and marketing whereas other related to strengthening of regulatory procedures by the government. In such circumstances, Fidelity Investments with an overall employee number of 41,000, and operations in insurance and investments services (Fidelity Investments, N.d.) faces tremendous challenge to not only come to the expectation of their vast client base but to lead growth in respective industry segments. With such backdrop and an interview transcript now available (after conducting the interview with Mr. Rovert Wilkinson), the researcher now aims to present an integrated HR transformation program for this firm.
Background: Key Issues identified in interview
The key issues that were identified as a result of an interview with Mr. Wilkinson are summed up below.
Communication was the first issue highlighted as a challenge that Fidelity Investments faces. To address this issue, the firm has adopted a traditional approach by conducting daily staff and executive meeting. This needs to be synchronized and automated.
Change management is another issue faced by Fidelity. The firm is rapidly growing and faces growth-fatigue in form of higher turnover and compromised morale of employees. To help give the company an all-inclusive and well-coordinated direction, there is a process of change management already underway in the firm.
Imparting learning and development (L&D) to Fidelity associates is most essential function that requires using state-of -- the art technologies such as webinars, integrated knowledge sharing platforms, and internal web portals of the company.
Business Case: Context of program application
This component of HR reorganization program answers 'why' is the program necessary? The interview findings as well as the recommendations developed in the previous paper identify three broad needs of Fidelity Investments. These are hierarchical in nature, for instance change management is an on-going function whereby it enables continuous L&D for new and existing associates. Secondly, effective communication is required by Fidelity as being a large horizontal organization, this communication need is horizontal and vertical as well as diagonal. Lastly, to facilitate continuous change management and L&D, effective communication can only be enhanced through new tool and techniques of information sharing and collaboration within the firm. Following figure graphically represents why a training and development (T&D) program aimed at increased internal collaboration of Fidelity makes the much needed business case.
Figure 2 Business Case Rationale for T&D program at Fidelity
Intangible Basis of T&D program
Intangible & Tangible
This framework for implementing T&D program has been developed based on procedural steps defined by official American Society of Training & Development (ASTD) blog. The five-step process outlined by ASTD requires HR managers to assess the organizational need for training and development as well as learning & development in specific area of operations (this has been accomplished in first part of this project by studying in detail the company involved, industry, and strategic direction and initiatives of Fidelity Investments). Other four steps are making business case for T&D program, outcomes drafting, describing how HR intends to redesign the said field of program application, and accountability of program (Pace, 2010).
Outcomes of program
Renowned researchers have emphasized the HR executives to enable their respective organizations for attaining 'global agility and competitiveness' (Ulrich, 1997). This is only possible when competency of an organization is shared organization-wide. Since the emergence of debt crisis in Europe and financial crisis in the U.S., financial services providers face increased pressure to diversify their geographical presence across different regions. As a starting point the proposed T&D program is aimed at increasing inter-organizational collaboration. For this to happen, mission metrics and financial metrics are hereby developed. This program should enable teams of Fidelity associates to sell more of the same products across different regions. This will be enabled through leveraging sales and marketing tools, techniques, and methodologies adopted by top performing region of Fidelity divisions.
10-12% First yearIncrease Cross-regional sales of Fidelity Mutual Funds
(Health, Consumer Cyclical, Natural Resources)
4-6% Year-on-Year (3 Yrs) Financial Metric
Increment in Total Revenue to be raised through collaborative selling
36-48 Months Increasing holding tenure of each fund account irrespective of region where fund is sold
There are different perspectives and theories on human resource development. Some of these complement each other whereas others encourage totally opposite criteria for judging performance of business. Some theories of human resource development (HRD) have incorporated psychological perspective of organizational and human development whereas others have developed objective oriented 'performance scorecards'. Analyzing short-term firm specific financial results is based on measuring performance as a factor of training and expertise. An ideal training and development program seeks to serve the bottom-line goal of the company by unleashing human potential (Holton, 2001). For this to happen in our proposed training program, we have defined three main desirable outcomes that should be achieved by the implementation of said program. Although we have identified communication automation and up gradation of information sharing infrastructure within Fidelity, the main desired outcomes for arranging this training about communication collaboration is to increase performance of each regional team of associates employed at Fidelity Investments.
Presently, the U.S. Fidelity Investments sells most of the Fidelity mutual funds in North America only (Deloitte, 2013). This negatively reflects on the performance of Fidelity Investments USA when domestic market is passing through recessionary times. It is often the case that financial service providers have competitive products but are offered in recession-prone markets only. This shortcoming in itself decreases company revenues. To make Learning and development part of all the global teams working with Fidelity, cross selling (U.S. associates selling to European or Asian Clients and Vice Versa) will be allowed. This will allow each regional team to leverage knowledge base of other team and put more performance criteria on forefront. For this to happen, the initial mission metric developed as a desired outcome of this training program is to increase the cross-selling of Fidelity Mutual Funds in Health, Consumer Cyclical, Natural Resources (Fidelity, 2013) by 10-12% from year one of the implementation of program. This mission metric will require the firm to develop new collaboration and information as well as resource sharing mechanisms. It is here is collaboration phase that skills imparted during training will be utilized.
The financial outcome desired through increased (10-12%) cross selling of Fidelity Mutual funds will be increase the revenue subsequently, by 4-6% annually, YOY from first year of implementing training program. Operationally, the key metric drafted as desired outcome of this training program is to enable associated to hold each corporate mutual fund account managed by them for al-least 36-48 months.
Bontis and Fitz-Enz (2002) conducted a signature research on 25 financial services companies and interviewed 82 executives from these firms. The results of this study show that 'management leadership, business performance,…