The Hartford Convention was a gathering of Federalist Party delegates from five New England states that met in Hartford, Connecticut, between December 15, 1814, and January 5, 1815. Its members convened to discuss their long-held grievances against the policies of the successive Democratic-
Republican administrations of Thomas Jefferson and James Madison.
After that, the party never regained a national following. Its beliefs and actions during the War of 1812 helped seal its fate. By 1828 the Federalists became the first American political party to die out because it could not adjust to an increasingly democratic national spirit, especially in the nation's towns and cities. And among most Americans, mainly farmers suspicious of government, its policies of strong federal involvement in the economy kept it un-popular. Inconsistency in its stance toward military action (first undertaking a naval war with France, then treating for peace with that same nation, then actively opposing war with Britain) made the Federalist Party's true intentions suspect and laid it open to charges that it had no polices of its own and was not willing to defend the country's interests (Federalist party, n.d.).
The Role of the War of 1812 and for Madison's Presidency
National pride and patriotism were probably the most important results of the War of 1812. The Federalist's initial opposition to the war, and their hints of secession were viewed, after the war, as disloyal and unpatriotic. This contributed to the dissolution of the party.
Madison did not want the war at all, and his acumen as a war leader was amateurish compared to George Washington. The burning of the White House in 1814 by the British caused Madison's reputation to collapse. His
Alexander Hamilton's Anglo-American vision. (2008, July 26). Retrieved March 31, 2009, from American Founding: http://americanfounding.blogspot.com/2008/07/alexander-hamiltons-anglo-american.html
Corps of discovery: President Jefferson's vision. (2003, October 10). Retrieved March 31, 2009, from Center of Military History - U.S. Army: http://www.history.army.mil/LC/the%20Mission/Expedition/page_2.htm
Democratic-Republican party. (n.d.). Retrieved March 31, 2009, from Law Library - American Law and Legal Information: http://law.jrank.org/pages/6058/Democratic-Republican-Party.html
Federalist party. (n.d.). Retrieved March 31, 2009, from Bookrags.com: http://www.bookrags.com/history/federalist-party-aaw-01/
The new republic: the United States, 1789-1800, part 1. (2005, September 28). Retrieved March 31, 2009, from sagehistory.net: http://www.sagehistory.net/newrepublic/topics/1790spart1.htm
Thomas Jefferson. (2007, January 26). Retrieved March 31, 2009, from Library of Congress: http://www.loc.gov/exhibits/jefferson/jeffleg.html
Federalist What is a faction? Where in modern American politics do we see factions? How does Madison propose to quell the impact of factions in government? In Federalist 10, James Madison discussed the types of factions, parties and interest groups that result from differences in wealth and property, as well as differences of opinion in religion, politics or ideology. He thought that differences in wealth and rank, at least those not
Federalist Paper #10, James Madison discusses the Union's ability to control and break the influence of specific factions over the governmental process. The paper includes many strengths, and a few weaknesses. Yet the overall paper convinced me of the purpose of the Union in this capacity. Federalist Paper # 10 begins with a discussion of the problem at hand, that of how to control the factions of a nation. The paper
" However, the legislature, more so than the executive or even the more qualified judiciary must dominate, not because the legislature is more representative, but because, as it the legislature is even further divided into two bodies, this ensures that it will be the least tyrannical. In short, the less able a branch of government is able to agree within itself, the better -- and the less able the three branches
Republican/Democrat Republican and Democratic are the two major political parties in the United States and form a huge portion of the country's governance. Republican and Democratic parties have dominated American politics for a long period of time. Even though these political parties dominate the political landscape of the United States, they have significant differences in their ideals and philosophies. These varying ideals and philosophies are attributed to the fundamental differences between
So far, I have tried to made a short historical review of the first years of the existence of the Republican party, identifying a few ideological main trends that defined the activity and the platform of the party. Namely, I have talked about the anti-slavery position (proved, among others, by the importance given to the Northern branches), somehow moderate in order to keep the votes of the nativist Americans, who
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