These issues of professionalism and innovation seem to be a major problem in many public schools in America. In recent years these issues have come to light as teachers have been disciplined and even fired for their interactions with students that have been unprofessional and even criminal at times. Teachers have an ethical responsibility to act professionally and when they fell to do so the ability of students to excel academically is also compromised.
The aforementioned authors also mention the lack of innovation that often occurs as a result of using democratic methods. One of the reasons why school choice is even an issue is because the curriculums that have been implemented in public schools lack variety. Part of the reason for this lack of innovation has to do with bureaucracy and government mandates such as the No Child Left Behind Act. This particular act stifles innovation because many teachers feel compelled to teach to the test instead of teaching in a way that will allow students to remember and use what they have learned for a lifetime. In addition, teachers are afraid that if their students do not do well on these assessment tests, the school will be labeled as underperforming. In many cities students at schools that underperform are able to transfer to other schools in the district. This is where school choice can create a real problem for teachers who feel pressured to make sure their students do well even if it means not being innovative in their teaching methods.
Overall the research indicates that school choice can create real ethical dilemmas as it pertains to issues such as re-segregation, teacher professionalism and innovation and using democratic methods in the context of public schools and school choice. All of these ethical issues must be considered when determining whether or not school choice should be a policy adopted by a government.
The research seems to indicate that schools in many American cities are failing to properly educate students. From the perspective of the teaching profession it does appear that school choice may serve to purpose of weeding out teachers who are not qualified to hold the positions that they hold. School choice would likely create an environment in which only the most skilled teachers will be able to remain in the public school system. This would serve the purpose of increasing the...
On the other hand, the research also indicates that school choice does nothing more than re-segregate school systems and isolate minority students. It is also argued that many parents will not have the capacity to make the appropriate decisions concerning what schools would be of most benefit for their students.
In my opinion school choice should be an option for parents and their students. Although there are pros and cons associated with school choice, it seems that the pros outweigh the cons. More specifically its seems to be unproductive to have children in a failing school when a school in the same district is better and students are thriving. In addition, American children are already falling behind students form other industrial nations. As such American students cannot afford to be in failing schools while educators are trying to revamp the public school system. Children in failing schools will be lost for the rest of their lives if school choice is not an option.
To resolve this issue of school choice, states throughout the country should embrace policies which will allow parents to place their children in another school within the same district if their local school is underperforming. Some districts already have such policies. However, school choice policies should be adopted throughout the country to guarantee that all students have access to the best public education available. In addition, underperforming school will only be given two full academic years to improve and if they do not improve they will be closed. Underperforming schools will be guided through a process by other teachers at high performing schools. This partnership will assist teachers, faculty and students in improving the academic progress of students. Teachers that are successful will serve as mentors to teachers at underperforming schools. A great deal of this mentorship will take place during the summer months so that the partnership does not overwhelm teachers during the school year. Teachers must learn to work together so that children benefit from efficient instruction in the classroom. This method gives options to parents while also seeking to reform schools that are not performing well.
Cullen, J.B. Brian A. Jacob and Steven D. Levitt (2005) The impact of school choice on student outcomes: an analysis of the Chicago Public Schools. Journal of Public Economics. 89 (5-6):729-760
Hastings, Justine S. Thomas J. Kane Douglas Staiger (2005) Parental Preferences and School Competition: Evidence from a Public School Choice Program .Yale Economic Applications and Policy Discussion Paper No. 10
Moe, Terry. 2001. Schools, Vouchers and the American Public. Washington: Brookings Institution Press
Sikkink, D., Emerson M.O. (2008) School choice and racial segregation in U.S. schools: The role of parents' education. Ethnic and Racial Studies 31(2): 267-293
Tedin, Kent L. Gregory…
School Choice Throughout the nation the American public has clamored for school change and reform. One of the alternatives that has moved to the forefront of the arena is the ability of parents to choose the public school that their children will attend without geographic boundaries and mandates. Experts continue to debate whether or not school choice ability will force the hand of the public school system to make the desired changes.
School Choice & the Social Construction of School Quality In this article, Jennifer J. Holme explores how parents, who re-locate their homes for getting access to "higher quality" schools for their children, approach their choice of school. The author also seeks to understand the beliefs of such parents about what constitutes a "good and a "bad" school. Her research consists of interviews with forty-two selected parents who had used their financial
Her point is to get support for her views, and she did, because three months after she wrote this piece there was a rally at the State Capitol in Austin where 5,000 people called for school choice in front of the Capitol building. Therefore, her words helped people make up their minds and seek action from their legislators. However, she failed to convince the legislators, who did not even
The case snowballed and grew until the nation viewed Zelmanv Simmons-Harris as the test case to try the legal boundary between church and state. It was also looked to for the purpose of redefining the meaning and scope of public education in America. Enacted by the Ohio legislature in 1995, the Cleveland Scholarship and Tutoring Program allows 4,000 low-income children to attend private religious and secular schools with up to $2,250
School Voucher System School voucher grants by the governments serve the purpose of improving educational standard of the children who belong to low-income families. This system is aimed to provide school tuition that can be paid to both public and private schools. The inspiration behind school vouchers system is to present to parents an open choice of educational institutions and approaches for their children. Another idea behind this system is to
Causative Analysis There are several causes to why the students did not pass the state standardized test in mathematics and in language arts. It is strongly believe that the students were not adequately prepared for the test because they had not been completing the required assignments and attending the online classes offered by their teachers. Their lack of School Improvement 7 participation in the class, has lead them to a failing