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European Union's Former Eastern Block: A New Emerging Market and egion
This paper will focus on the European Union or "EU" former eastern block countries of Czech epublic, Slovakia, Hungary and Poland. This region of the EU was selected as a recent emerging market and economic community to study because of its recent introduction into the global marketplace. The EU carries a lot of clout in the world of politics. In recent years, the Czech epublic, Slovakia, Hungary and Poland have made concessions needed to become a part of the European Community. The countries were former eastern block countries, controlled by Soviet powers and up until the late 1980's and were closed to the rest of the world but they have been successful in their transition to a market oriented economy. Specifically the country of Hungary has been ranked one of the world's top tourist destinations for the last four…
Country Profile: Hungary. Retrieved December 8, 2004 from the World Wide Web: http://www.hungary.org/hungary
Deloy, C. (2003). Referendum of the European Union in Hungary. The World Bank
Publications. Retrieved December 8, 2004 from the World Wide Web: http://www.world bank.org/html/
Hungary Hopes to Join European Union. Columbia News Video Forum. Retrieved December 8, 2004 from the World Wide Web: http://www.columbia.edu/videoforum.html
GE Healthcare (A): Innovating Emerging Markets ead case study titled "GE Healthcare (A): Innovating Emerging Markets" Write a page paper: Determine (2) emerging trends external environment prompted General Electric (GE) Healthcare develop a strategy production marketing a low cost Electroencephalography (EEG) machine bottom pyramid markets (BOP).
GE Healthcare (A): Innovating for emerging markets
India's population of patients with serious heart-related conditions is rapidly expanding: as unfortunate as the statistic that over 80% of heart-related deaths now occur in the developing world may be, from General Electric's perspective this was an opportunity it could capitalize upon. There was clearly a need for new medical devices to screen for and treat these conditions. However, when developing a new low cost electroencephalography (EEG) device, GE was acutely aware of the fact that it would have to adjust its approach to the unique needs of the foreign marketplace it wished to enter: it could…
Singh, J. (2011). GE Healthcare (A): Innovating for emerging markets. INSEAD.
Determining this could be difficult and time consuming. It is nonetheless a necessary step towards successful and sustainable market entry. A culture whose values are, for example, alienated by a marketing campaign is likely to be alienated and will not deliver a sustainable customer base for the success of the company.
Ultimately, what the article focuses on, is that success in the long-term depends upon a company's ability to enter the market in a way that is both environmentally sustainable and socially ethical. In this way, the product being manufactured will sustain a long-term life cycle, while also serving a customer base that is in its favor.
As the manufacturer of shampoo, my company is seeking to enter the Brazilian market. The first concern is then to determine a gap in the shampoo market. However, we should also concern ourselves with the existing needs in the general social paradigm. Our…
Sele, K. (2006, March) Marketing Ethics in Emerging Markets -- Coping with Ethical Dilemmas. IIMB Management Review.
Capital Investments in Emerging Markets
The Procter & Gamble Corporation (P&G) is one of the largest manufacturing companies on the global scene. P&G undertakes its business operations in approximately eighty nations and retails its products in over 180 nations. At present, the company has about thirty five manufacturing plants that are responsible for handling manufacturing and production across the globe. In the preceding year, about 35% of the total revenue generated by the company came from the United States alone. The other 65% emanated from the company's global business operations. The rise in wage levels in middle-income earners has brought about an increase in demand for household goods and merchandises in emerging markets. At present P&G places emphasis on ten emerging market economies; these include: China, India, Mexico, Nigeria, ussia, and South Africa. This limited concentration, and focus, on these emerging markets will assist P&G in tailoring its marketing approaches…
Axelsson, H., Jackovicaka, J., Kheddache, M. (2002). Capital Budgeting Sophistication and Performance: A puzzling Relationship. Industrial and Financial Economics. Retrieved from: http://gupea.ub.gu.se/bitstream/2077/2359/1/gbs_thesis_2002_38.pdf
Bhandari, S.B. (1986). Discounted payback: A criterion for capital investment decisions. Journal of Small Business Management, 24, 16.
Iloiu, M., & Csiminga, D. (2009). Project Risk Evaluation Methods-Sensitivity Analysis. OF THE UNIVERSITY OF PETRO-ANI? ECONOMICS?, 33.
Jovanovi?, P. (1999). Application of sensitivity analysis in investment project evaluation under uncertainty and risk. International Journal of Project Management, 17(4), 217-222.
Economic growth in countries like China, India, Brazil and Vietnam will have a positive impact on the global beverage industry. Most packaged beverages are discretionary purchases, which makes them luxury products unattainable to the very poor. Yet, they are relatively low cost, and provide a fairly high level of utility for many people. As national income rises in a country, that wealth will usually be distributed, maybe not evenly but certainly there will be economic beneficiaries. In the past couple of decades, many people in the above-mentioned countries have been lifted out of abject poverty by the developments in those economies. China, for example, claims through its official media to have lifted 700 million people out of poverty since Deng Xiaoping's economic reforms were first put into place in 1978 (Xinhua, 2015). Many of these people have transitioned from a position where they were unable to purchase small…
Trefis (2014). PepsiCo rides on growth in Frito-Lay and developing markets in the first quarter. Forbes. Retrieved October 18, 2015 from http://www.forbes.com/sites/greatspeculations/2014/04/21/pepsico-rides-on-growth-in-frito-lay-and-developing-markets-in-the-first-quarter/
Xinhua (2015). 700 mln rural residents lifted out of poverty since 1978 in China. Xinhua News Agency. Retrieved October 18, 2015 from http://news.xinhuanet.com/english/2015-10/16/c_134721370.htm
There has been an ongoing process for the integration and co-operation of the countries in South America for quite sometime, but the individual countries have their own structures and problems. This leads to a situation where not much progress seems to be made.
The first attempt at the regional development of Latin America through the cooperation of the member states was through the Latin American Free Trade Association, set up in 1960. On 12 August 1980, the foreign ministers of the 11 member countries of the Latin American Free Trade Association signed an agreement in Montevideo, Capital of Uruguay. This announced the establishment of the Association for the Latin American Integration. The treaty officially entered into force on 18 March 1981. On the same day, the Latin American Free Trade Association stopped its activities.
The association is an inter-governmental integration organization for the Latin American region. It…
Association for Latin America Integration" 8th May, 2002 Retrieved at http://www.fmprc.gov.cn/eng/wjb/zzjg/gjs/gjzzyhy/2616/t15337.htm . Accessed on 03/01/2004
CAF's role in Integration" Retrieved at http://www.caf.com/view/index.asp?ms=0&pageMs=3997Accessed on 03/01/2004
Commercial integration in South America initiates the complete destruction of the Amazon area" Retrieved at http://forests.org/archive/samerica/unconcr.htm . Accessed on 03/01/2004
Eden, Lorraine. Venezuela and Regional Integration in South America Retrieved at http://wehner.tamu.edu/mgmt.www/nafta/spring99/Groups99/pedro/final.htm. Accessed on 03/01/2004
Gupta, S., & Shapiro, D. (2014). Building and Transforming an Emerging Market Global Enterprise: Lessons from the Infosys Journey. Business Horizons, 57(2), 169 -- 179.
Credibility: Author Analysis
Daniel M. Shapiro is a Global Business Strategy Professor at the Simon Fraser University in Beedie's School of Business. He has a work record of over forty years as an academic administrator, educator, and researcher. Recently, he became Dean of the Business School. He successfully created a strategic position through raising funds to name it. The professor led the university to attain AACSB and EQUIS accreditation. In the academic field, he published five monographs and books and over seventy scholarly articles on foreign investment and MNEs, corporate ownership and governance, industrial structure, international business strategy, and public policy aspects. His research works have been presented in the Academy of Management Journal, Journal of Industrial Economics, Strategic Management Journal, and Journal of International…
Market Model Changes
The medtech, or medical technology, industry is a large and intensely competitive industry that produces highly innovative medical devices for hospitals and other healthcare facilities in the effort to save lives and improve health for patients (Research, 2012). It is spread across different segments including, cardiology, oncology, neuro, orthopedic, and aesthetic devices. It relies largely on aging baby boomers, high unmet medical needs, and increased incidence of lifestyle diseases, including cardiovascular disease, diabetes, hypertension, and obesity.
The industry is being challenged by pricing concerns, hospital admissions and procedural volume, uncertainty concerning healthcare reform, Medicare reimbursement issues as agencies are looking for cost reduction measures, and regulatory overhang. There is a rise in patients deferring treatment in elective procedures. "One factor aligning economic and clinical forces: in the U.S., the number of medical practices owned by hospitals grew from 25% in 2005 to 50% in 2008" (practice, 2011).…
Blog, I. (2012, Mar 12). MedTech Industry Stock Outlook. Retrieved from Financial Content: http://markets.financialcontent.com/stocks/news/read/20832505/MedTech-Industry-Stock-Outlook
practice, B.G. (2011, Feb 9). Creating a new commercial model for the changing medtech market. Retrieved from Bain & Company: http://www.bain.com/publicatgions/articles/creating-a-commercial-model-for-changing-medtech-market.aspx
Research, Z.E. (2012, June 15). MedTech Industry Stock Outlook-June 2012-Zacks Analyst Interviews. Retrieved from Nasdaq: http://community.nasdaq.com/News/2012-06/medtech-industry-stock-outlook-june-2012-zachs-analysts-interviews.aspx ?
oth Phillip obbit and Richard Robison offer accounts of what a market-state is. obbit contends that the core features of the market-state are a crisis of the nation-state, a transformation of core state functions, relations of national states to transnational markets, and cosmopolitan culture. Finance is at the center of the culture, the money economy. Governments are more centralized but weaker because power is allocated by the money men, the banks, the managers of finance and capital, and governments are merely their footstools. According to Robison, on the other hand, market-states are neo-liberal, techno-managerial and instrumental, and citizens are clients and consumers. oth describe the materialistic, consumerist society, yet each has its own theoretical approach and unique conceptualization. This paper will compare obbit's and Robison's accounts of market-states and use the writings of Smith, Keynes, Marx and others to help illustrate the nature of the two.
Differences of What…
Bobbit, P (2011) The Shield of Achilles: War, Peace, and the Course of History, NY:
Keynes, JM (1920) The Economic Consequences of the Peace, NY: Harcourt Brace.
Pabst, A (2010) The Crisis of Capitalist Democracy, Telos 152: 44-67.
Market Potential Index
There are eight indicators on the market potential index: market size, market intensity, growth rate, consumption capacity, commercial infrastructure, receptivity, economic freedom and country risk.
The market size is the largest weight. The measures used are urban population and electricity consumption, I guess as proxies for the number of people who have at least the possibility of having money.
Market intensity is based on the gross national income per capita and private consumption as % of GDP, measures that reflect the wealth of the country and presumably telling something about purchasing power.
Growth rate is based on the growth rate in energy use and the real GDP growth rate, looking at how fast the market is growing.
The consumption capacity is measured with consumer expenditure and income share of middle class. This is similar to market intensity, but with a focus on consumers and the middle class,…
Global Edge (2014) website, various pages. Global Edge. Retrieved December 13, 2014 from http://globaledge.msu.edu/mpi
Koetsier, J. (2013). Tablets will outsell laptops 6 to 1 by 2017 as mobile PC market hits 579.4 million. Venture Beat. Retrieved December 13, 2014 from http://venturebeat.com/2013/05/06/tablets-will-outsell-laptops-6-to-1-by-2017-as-mobile-pc-market-hits-579-4-million/
Market Society and the Public Sphere
My journal text comes to illustrate the utmost significance of globalization viewed as the force molding and shaping the current world. It describes the multidimensional aspect of globalization that influences and encompasses all facets of life through an integrated network. Currently, globalization is the buzzword in media articles, daily talks of media people and talks of politicians. There is no aspect of life that is not influenced or affected by globalization (Tober, 2006, 33). However, many people find it difficult to reflect on this phenomenon. This is because the term is applied in so many aspects leading to its ambiguity in defining it according to my text.
Numerous volumes of work have written about globalization in numerous fields such as political, science, business, economics, sociology and many more. This has made the term globalization lack a precise cogent theory and definition. This is seen…
Barnet, R. & Cavanagh, J. (2004). Global dreams: imperial corporations and the new world order. New York: Simon & Schuster
Hass, R. (2003). The corporation without boundaries. The new paradigm in business: emerging strategies for leadership and organizational change. New York: Tarcher/Perigee.
Kapstein, B. (2004). Governing the global economy: international finance and the state.
Cambridge. MA: Harvard University Press
The segmentation recommended in this marketing plan includes the following:
Ensure that locals (there is an advantage to the restaurant's site) become regulars.
Differentiate the "Italian" notion for those who want something different from "standard," "middle of the road" Italian fare.
Come up with very targeted marketing which ensures focus on the three target customer groups:
Those living/working within a well-defined radius
Those who may know the restaurant from other experiences in Australia
Spur-of-the-moment tourists who see the restaurant and walk in.
Cost structure of industry (especially whether variable cost is a small or large proportion of the normal selling price, and whether there are significant economies of scale of production, importance of transportation costs etc.),
The relative margins earned by restaurants vary from zero to 10% of total sales. Price discounts may be attractive to customers, but can have a dramatic impact on the bottom line if not properly…
This can help to alleviate the asymmetry of information between them. If sellers do that consistently, then buyers will gain trust in the sellers that price is in fact related to quality. When that happens, the market can function because buyers can be fairly certain of their utility.
What this refers to is the cost of dishonesty. In used cars, dishonesty will drive away business, so any car lot with an interest in long-term success must ensure that the costs of dishonesty are reduced by reducing dishonesty itself. He then likens the lemon market to the cost of doing business in a country with high levels of corruption. Firms are discouraged from investing in places where information asymmetry means that they cannot distinguish between a good business opportunity and a scam. Thus, again, encouraging a lack of corruption would be the best pathway to successful business promotion, just as it…
International Financial Markets and Institutions:
Throughout the globe, today's landscape of international financial market and institutions has continued to experience several changes that require practitioners to examine new models. The need for practitioners to examine new models that are relevant to the state of these markets and institutions has also been necessitated by the recent events that contribute to financial crises, which have been very dramatic. Actually, the recent financial crisis has had significant impacts on the financial institutions and markets resulting in the need for changes. International financial markets and institutions have become an important aspect of economies because they affect daily life. This is primarily because they involve the huge flow of different types of funds in the entire economy that in turn impact the profits of businesses, production of goods and services, and economic well-being of countries. In some cases, the events in these institutions and markets…
Accounting Education (2010), International Capital Market, Accounting Education, viewed 7
Australian Securities Exchange (n.d.), Absolute Return Funds, Australian Securities Exchange,
viewed 7 June 2012,
eal Options Valuation
Market investors often carry out their research in a sell side or buy side method. Sell side carry out their investment research to enable them satisfy buy side customers. They carry out this research to generate business or reach the goal of generating transactions. The buy side follows the prospective of banking customers as away of attracting new customers and a service to past customers. Sell side firms sell IPO's and services to the buy side companies.
Buy side and sell side
Buy side reports produced in house consumption are used by colleagues to the analyst. These colleagues can be corporate development executives and development and portfolio managers. Sell-side reports done by firm analysts are vastly distributed than the buy side reports. Sell side reports should be clear because of their wide distribution, while by side reports should be simple and brief because company's management uses them.…
Albrran, B.S. (2009). Handbook Of Media Management Aand Economics. Atlanta: Routledge.
Amram, M. (2002). Value Sweep. Atlanta: Havard Business Press.
Hook, C. (2010). Security Analysis And Business Valuation On Wall Street. New York: John Willey and Sons.
Marion, A. (2003). Real Options In Practice. New York: John Willey and Sons.
Growing & Mature Markets
Analyzing the Characteristics of Growing and Mature Product Markets
Throughout the lifecycle of any product there are distinct phases that include drastically different pricing, product management, promotion and distribution strategies. The intent of this analysis is to evaluate how the various phases of a given markets' lifecycle, from nascent or emerging to growing, maturing, stabilizing to contracting and consolidation affect the profitability and revenue of companies competing in them. Just like products, markets also have product lifecycles (addats, 2011). In high technology, many markets move faster than the product lifecycles of the devices being sold into them, with microprocessors, electronic components and very specialized, engineer-to-order products having this characteristic (addats, 2011). Each phase of the lifecycle of a market are defined in this paper and the profitability implications on companies competing within it are assessed.
Nascent or Introductory Phase
When markets first emerge as a consolidated…
Chen, Y., Y. Chen, and M. Wu. 2011. Distributed product knowledge service: model and system framework. The Service Industries Journal 31, no. 3, (February 16): 483.
Gillier, T., and G. Piat. 2011. Exploring Over: The Presumed Identity of Emerging Technology. Creativity and Innovation Management 20, no. 4, (December 1): 238-252.
Swee Siong Kuik, Sev Verl Nagalingam, and Yousef Amer. 2011. Sustainable supply chain for collaborative manufacturing. Journal of Manufacturing Technology Management 22, no. 8, (November 20): 984-1001.
Maximilian Pasche, Magnus Persson, and Hans Lofsten. 2011. Effects of platforms on new product development projects. International Journal of Operations & Production Management 31, no. 11, (November 1): 1144-1163.
GM's Chevy Volt and its all-electric design, as well as diesel-electric and conventional gas-electric hybrids could and must replace the image of the 'old' GM in the public's imagination. The company has shed the Hummer stigma, now it must create a new image for itself in the future, not just domestically, but internationally.
Gas-free cars future priority. (2009, April 20). China Daily. Retrieved August 6, 2009
General Motors. (2009). Company history. Updated August 4, 2009. The New York Times.
Retrieved August 6, 2009.
Hu, Lei. (2008). GM's joint venture is China's top-selling brand in 2007. Edmunds.
Retrieved August 6, 2009.
Jason. (2004). The global hybrid race: Is Europe catching the fever. GreenHybrid. Retrieved August 6, 2009 at http://www.greenhybrid.com/wiki/index.php/The_Global_Hybrid_Race:_Is_Europe_Catching_The_Fever%3F
ald, Matthew. (200, August 5) $2 million in grants to speed up electric car manufacturing.
The New York Times. Retrieved August 6, 2009.
Ying, Tina &…
Gas-free cars future priority. (2009, April 20). China Daily. Retrieved August 6, 2009
General Motors. (2009). Company history. Updated August 4, 2009. The New York Times.
Retrieved August 6, 2009.
capital fall if financial markets are no longer segmented? What evidence is there of this effect?
Up until the mid-1940's markets where knows to be restrictive in cash flow movement, this in combination with tax and transactional barriers on ownership by foreign entities meant that equity markets were not developed. They were in fact marked with low liquidity, not enough regulation and inconsistent disclosures.
If capital markets are segmented, then investors can only invest domestically. This means that the market portfolio (M) in the CAPM formula would be the domestic portfolio instead of the world portfolio.
This equilibrium had banks, securities market and capital markets as the primary source of finance. The localized source of finance meant that domestic investors were they only players in the market with most shares, resulting in high cost of capital.
1970's brought on the liberalization of markets in the developed countries which resulted in…
Basak, Suleman. "An intertemporal model of international capital market segmentation."
Journal of Financial and Quantitative Analysis 31 (1996) 161-188.
Bekaert, Geert and Campbell R. Harvey. "Time-varying world market integration."
Journal of Finance 50 (1995) 403-444.
27-29) This provoked financial demands and awareness of the people in different parts of the world. People and businesses are dissatisfied with the traditional financial systems due to lack of opportunities for investors. Businesses today require more diversified portfolios for investments because this will reduce their investment risks and increase the probability of future capital flows.
Increased capital mobility has increased the importance of exchange rates which is serving as a monetary policy channel in some industrialized economies. In mid 2000s, there was a sharp shift in the flow of international investments and savings (geographic pattern) resulting in the segmentation of current account imbalances. This was also a major contributing factor. Additionally, the domestic financial markets were also affected by the change in regulatory environment. The two important factors for this are as follows:
1. apid growth of OTC (over-the-counter) markets of derivatives in terms of complexity as well as…
Bekaert, G., Harvey, C. And Lundblad, C. 2005. Does financial liberalization spur growth? Journal of Financial Economics 77, 3 -- 55.
Edison, H., Klein, M., Ricci, L. And Slok, T. 2004. Capital account liberalization and economic performance: survey and synthesis. IMF Staff Papers 51, 111 -- 115.
Kaminsky, G. And Reinhart, C. 1999. The twin crises: the causes of banking and balance-of payments problems. American Economic Review 89, 473 -- 500.
Klein, M. 2005. Capital account liberalization, institutional quality and economic growth: theory and evidence. Working Paper No. 11112. Cambridge, MA: NBER, pp.19-21.
Whole Foods Market is one of the top retail stores dealing with organic and natural foods in the United States. The company operates and owns a chain of organic and natural foods supermarkets across the United States and Canada. In essence, the company has been able to reach large number of customer by operating through several subsidiaries, and Whole Foods is the first company in the United States to be awarded the first "Certified Organic" grocer. Whole Foods Market was incorporated in 1978 and started the organic and natural foods business in 1980. Within the last 35 years of its operations, the company has become the largest retailer in the organic and natural foods. The success that the company has enjoyed over the years makes the Whole Foods and ABC Company considering integrating their business portfolios.
Objective of this report is to provide a top-notch advice to the…
Annual Report (2013). Whole Foods 2013 Annual Report. USA
Morning Star (2014). Whole Foods Financial Ratios. USA.
New Companies Entering the Market
The beverage industry is witnessing rapid evolution with constant flow of new market entrants. These entrants attempt to avail product or marketing tactics that set them apart from the existing firms.
Firstly, the beverage market is able to support a certain number of successful companies. With the crowding of the market, there is reduction of room for new entrants thereby giving the customers as many options as they want. Consequently, customers might either reject these new entrants failing to notice them the most obvious result is that competition becomes so fierce that new entrants find it challenging to compete financially with the existing firms. In addition, the market share of the existing companies is reduced leading to sustainability challenges. In this regard, it is recommended that existing beverage companies adopt creative marketing techniques to retain and capture more market share.
Secondly, these new…
Diggines, S., & Walker, P. (2012, February 2). New FDA Regulations Impact Food and Beverage Companies. Retrieved September 13, 2012, from www.controleng.com: http://www.controleng.com/industry-news/more-news/single-article/new-fda-regulations-impact-food-and-beverage-companies/b8abbd1a10.html
Fisher, A.A., Johnson, F.I., & Lande, R.H. (1989). Price Effects of Horizontal Mergers. California Law Review,, 777-827.
Geiger, K., & Hamburger, T. (2010, February 7). Beverage Industry Douses Tax on Soft Drinks. The Los Angeles Times.
Gilbert, C.G., & Bower, J.L. (2007, February ). How Managers' Everyday Decisions Create or Destroy Your Company's Strategy. Retrieved September 13, 2012, from www.hbr.org: http://hbr.org/2007/02/how-managers-everyday-decisions-create-or-destroy-your-companys-strategy/ar/1
Korea and Southeast Asia have been targeted as emerging markets for skiers (Hudson 2000, 27). China has 2 million skiers, although only 10% own their own gear. However, the numbers of Chinese skiers has increased on average over 100% annually, for the past several years, with an average 750,000 increase (Skiing in China today, 2006, Beijing Ski Club).
In Russia, long-standing widespread interest in winter sports and higher levels of disposable income have resulted in participation increasing at a rate of 20% annually (the Alpine world market, 2007, SkiStar)
North and South America
The United States and Canada have approximately 20 million skiers combined, with the U.S. possessing 15 million and Canada 5 million (Hudson 2000, p.26-27). Mexico has 2.9 skiers (Hudson 2000, p.27). North America is the second largest market for skiing, after Europe. Americans use approximately 80 million skier days per year" (the Alpine world market, 2007, SkiStar).…
The Alpine world market. (2007) SkiStar. Retrieved October 10, 2009 at http://corporate.skistar.com/templates/NormalPage.aspx?id=179
Hudson, Simon. (2000). Snow business: A study of the international ski industry. Revised and updated 2008. Cengage Learning EMEA.
Peterson, Nate. (2006, November 18). Aspen's great divide. The Aspen Times. Retrieved October
10, 2009 at http://www.aspentimes.com/article/20061118/RECREATION01/111190029&SearchID=7327889119097
Ultimately the use of multiple forecasting techniques serves to increase the knowledge of a market and minimize market entry risk.
How would you forecast sales force size in a specialized industry, for example, aircraft?
As the demand for aircraft is defined by a select set of customers who have highly specialized information needs, defining the sales force size for aircraft would be easily accomplished by looking at the average sales cycles in this specific industry (which happen to be quite long) combined with the project management skills necessary to ensure a design win. A design win is the event where the aircraft is designed into the broader program of an airline, or in the case of military aircraft, purchased by a branch of the Department of Defense. Taking the average length of sales cycles and the total population of potential customers for the specific aircraft, calculating the size of the…
BIC Auto Market
Should GM Invest in China?
The world has been moving away from the Western dominance that has held it for the past several centuries for the past few decades. As the world's largest populations grow economies to match, the United States and other G6 nations will dwindle in influence. This means that companies need to invest heavily in the BIC nations if they are to compete globally in the near future. The given question is whether General Motors (GM) should invest heavily in China as that nation's population begins to have more individual economic means, or another of the BIC nations (Brazil, ussia, India, China) due to more rapid growth. This essay will examine the question and determine an answer from the research.
In a report completed for Goldman Sachs investment company, Wilson and Purushothaman (2003) estimated that China would pass all of the G6…
Lang, N.S., Mauerer, S., Aguiar, M., Kreid, E., Bhattachariya, A., & Nettesheim, C. (2010). Winning the BRIC auto markets. Retrieved from https://www.bcgperspectives.com/content/articles/automotive_globalization_winni ng_the_bric_auto_markets/
Wilson, D., & Purushothaman, R. (2003). Dreaming with BRICs: The path to 2050. Goldman Sachs Global Economics Paper, 99, 1-24.
5% of total liabilities. Their retained earnings, on the other hand, total $5.073 billion. The heavy use of retained earnings is partially explained by their view of themselves as a growth company. hile they pay a dividend, Nike prefers to re-invest much of its profits back into expansion. They do not feel that the market has matured sufficiently to stop their aggressive growth strategy. Another consideration in their capital structure is the cost of capital. On account of its low volatility, Nike has a low cost of debt, approximately 6.8% using CAPM. Their long-term debt is primarily a revolving credit facility. The rate, based on their a+ rating, is LIBOR + 0.15%, which would equate to 4.12% based on the October 15th price of the 1-year LIBOR. If anything, Nike could become more financially efficient by increasing their use of debt financing.
Nike places strong emphasis on human resources. They…
Cohen, Marshal (2007). USA: Athletic footwear is significant portion of overall footwear market. Fibre 2 Fashion. Retrieved October 21, 2008 at http://www.fibre2fashion.com/news/company-news/npd-group/newsdetails.aspx?news_id=32512
Some financial information, ratios from Reuters. Retrieved October 21, 2008 at http://www.reuters.com/finance/stocks/overview?symbol=NKE.N
Nike 2008 Annual Report. Retrieved October 21, 2008 at http://media.corporate-ir.net/media_files/irol/10/100529/Areports/ar_06/docs/10k.pdf
Nike 2006 Annual Report. Retrieved October 21, 2008 at
Domestic debt is also needed for monetary policy purposes including for sterilizing inflows of foreign exchange." (Kahn, 2005) In addition bond markets assist in the provision of interest rates across the maturity spectrum and more efficient pricing of risk. y providing an alternative source of financing they reduce concentration of intermediation in banks. ecause lending can be hedged in the bond market, banks have the ability to lend longer." (Kahn, 2005) Kahn notes that PECC (2004) states general requirements for bond market development which include: (1) the simultaneous development of market width, market depth and market infrastructure; (2) effective coordination among government agencies; (3) close public-private sector partnership; and (4) regulation focusing on maintaining and enhancing transparency and the treatment of taxation. (Kahn, 2005) Kahn concludes by stating that if bond markets are to be development in SSA or in other emerging markets, the role of the state becomes critical,…
Adelegan, O. Janet and Radzewicz-Bak, Bozena (2009) What Determines Bond Market Development in sub-Saharan Africa? International Monetary Fund. IMF Working Paper. Sept 2009. Online available at: http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/wp/2009/wp09213.pdf
Armstrong's Guide to Investing and Doing Business in Botswana (2008) Online available at:
Developing Government Bond Markets (2001) International Monetary Fund -- A Handbook. 2001 July. Washington, D.C.
Company International Expansion
Potential Countries for Expansion
Country for Expansion
Potential Countries for Expansion
In this case, we will discuss the potential for the expansion of XYZ company, based in the U.S., to another country for business. At the beginning, we choose three possible countries where the business can set up expansion projects and then compare the various business, economic, political and legal aspects to choose the best destination for expansion. In the second part, we would also weight the possible modes of market entry and subsequent expansion. For the first part, we choose three potential countries for expansion -- Canada, the United Kingdom, and China.
There has been a modest growth in the overall apparel market since the dollar value was unfavorable and the market was affected by retail competition. Expanding online options also gave rise to price wars. There has been…
Euromonitor.com. (2016). Apparel and Footwear in Canada. [online] Available at: http://www.euromonitor.com/apparel-and-footwear-in-canada/report [Accessed 11 Mar. 2016].
Euromonitor.com. (2016). Apparel and Footwear in China. [online] Available at: http://www.euromonitor.com/apparel-and-footwear-in-china/report [Accessed 11 Mar. 2016].
Retail sales value monthly in textile, c. (2016). Clothing retail store sales value Great Britain 2013-2015 -- Statistic. [online] Statista. Available at: http://www.statista.com/statistics/288014/retail-sales-value-monthly-for-clothing-footwear-textile-stores-great-britain / [Accessed 11 Mar. 2016].
Sun, B. (2010). Concerns of Enterprises' Expansion. IJBA, 1(1).
Mobile Loyalty ackground
The mobile telephone system is part of a global communication sector that has a number of distinct but interlinked elements. Whether one talks on a telephone, searches the net, emails, sends texts or downloads and participates in web-generated data sharing, one is using the mobile telephone network more and more, to the point where it and some of the competing companies appear to be reaching their service capacities. Or at least this seems to be the case when it comes to doing what these large providers should be best at: adding and keeping customers. Maintaining a loyal buyer base -- one that truly likes and advocates for the provider -- or at least happily retaining one beyond a small contract period is critical for any company that wants to be able to serve the global marketplace (Sharpley, 2009).
Underlying many of the customer service practices and promises…
BIBLIOGRAPHY & REFERENCES
BBC Mobile (2011, Aug. 31). Mobile Internet use nearing 50%. Viewable at http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/technology-14731757 .
Bomsel, O., Cave, M., Le Blanc, G. And Neumann, K-H. (2003). How mobile termination charges shape the dynamics of the telecom sector. The University of Warwick. Viewable at http://www.cerna.ensmp.fr/Documents/OB-GLB-F2M-FinalReport.pdf .
BuddeCom (2012). United Kingdom - Mobile Market Insights, Statistics and Forecasts. Viewable http://www.budde.com.au/Research/United-Kingdom-Mobile-Market-Insights-Statistics-and-Forecasts.html .
DigitalBuzz (2011). Infographic: Mobile statistics, stats & facts 2011. Viewable and downloadable at http://www.digitalbuzzblog.com/2011-mobile-statistics-stats-facts-marketing-infographic/ .
Stategic Planning fo Maket Enty
Baies to Enty
Maket Enty Stategy Selection
Agents, Distibutos and Tading Houses Agents
Distibution and Sales Channels
Stategic Alliances, Licensing and Fanchising
Foeign Diect Investment
Finding the Right Patne
Negotiating a Patneship Ageement
The Ageement Checklist
Have the salient points of the ageement been ageed upon in pinciple?
Paticipants and thei Roles
Section 10: Managing Intenational Business Opeations
In this wok, the case study of Tesla Motos has been taken as an example to undestand the stategies of intenational businesses with paticula attention to Gemany. The wok begins with exploation of stategies pevasive in intenational makets with close attention to enty issues. The vaious foms of foeign investments and business like Geenfield, acquisitions, meges, and Joint Ventues…
Alon, I. (2012). Global franchising operations management: cases in international and emerging markets operations. Upper Saddle River, N.J, Financial Times.
Aswathappa, K. (2010). International business. New Delhi, Tata McGraw Hill Education.
Baron, R.A., & Shane, S.A. (2008). Entrepreneurship: a process perspective. Mason (OH), Thomson/South-Western.
Benjamin Levi, K.J. (2006). Market entry strategies of foreign Telecom companies in India. Wiesbaden, Dt. Univ.-Verl. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-8350-9453-6 .
Antitrust Practices and Market Power
The modern business environment is increasingly characterized by the proliferation of emerging monopolies in various industries. One of the industries that have experienced an increase in budding monopolies is Information Technology, particularly with the growth and development of social media and networks. Technology companies have rapidly developed into monopolies because of the connection between attractive business opportunities. The growth of leading technology companies into monopolies has also been fueled by their efforts to gain and maintain market power. However, some of these companies such as Google, AT&T, Standard Oil, Microsoft, and Facebook have been investigated for antitrust behavior.
Similar to Google, Facebook is company whose growth and development is partly attributed to the failure by Microsoft to strangle it like it did to Netscape a decade before. Facebook's business and operations are entirely built on focusing on developing network effects since the firm's value for…
European Commission (2014, October 24). Antitrust: Commission Probes Allegations of Antitrust Violations by Google. Retrieved November 13, 2014, from http://europa.eu/rapid/press-release_IP-10-1624_en.htm
Fox, J. (2013, January). The Web's New Monopolies. Atlantic Monthly, 30-34.
Windrum, P. (n.d.). Back from the Brink: Microsoft and the Strategic Use of Standards in the Browser Wars. Retrieved November 13, 2014, from http://arno.unimaas.nl/show.cgi?fid=292
As noted, we have at least one student, one retiree, one manager, one housewife, and one entry level employee.
We will also assume that in the prescreening we were able to capture demographic data (age, gender, race, income, lifestyle, etc.).
Questions for Focus Group (Note, subheadings are potential probes based on responses):
1. Do any of you shop online for clothing?
a. How often? easons?
b. Perceptions of Quality, convenience, etc.
c. Approximate amount spent on online clothing purchases per annum?
d. Desire to continue?
2. Now, thinking about clothing, let's turn to purchases of shoes? Do you ever shop online for your shoe purchases?
a. Why or why not?
c. Concerned with "fit"
d. How do most shoe retailers in your experience handle returns?
e. Approximate amount spent on online shoe purchases per annum?
f. Desire to continue?
3. Are you familiar with the term "mass customized…
Edmunds, H. (2008). Focus Group Principles. American Marketing Association.
Retrieved from: http://web.archive.org/web/20041026140011 / http://www.marketingpower.com/content1293.php
Pharmaceutical industries have to operate in an environment that is highly competitive and subject to a wide variety of internal and external constraints. In recent times, there has been an increasing trend to reduce the cost of operation while competing with other companies that manufacture products that treat similar afflictions and ailments. The complexities in drug research and development and regulations have created an industry that is subject to intense pressure to perform. The amount of capital investment investments required to get a drug from conception, through clinical trials and into the market is enormous. The already high-strung pharmaceutical industry is increasingly investing greater amounts of resources in search of the next "blockbuster" drug that can help them gain market position and profits. Laws, regulations and patents are important to the industry while spending billions of dollars in ensuring the copyright of their products.
It is the intention of this…
Ansoff, H.I. (1957). Strategies for diversification. Harvard Business Review, 35(5), 113-124.
Ansoff, H.I. (1965). Corporate Strategy. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill.
Ashour, M.F., Obeidat, O., Barakat, H., & Tamimi, A. (2004). UAE Begins Examination of Patent Applications. Tamino.com. Retrieved January 18, 2004, from the World Wide Web: http://www.tamimi.com/lawupdate/2001-01/intprop.htm
Bain, J.S. (1954). Economies of scale, concentration, and the condition of entry in twenty manufacturing industries. American Economic Review, 44, 15-36.
189). Even though Towing It is not in an emerging industry per se, it is a very young company and therefore has limited resources. As the Sander and Koomagi reports dictates "venture capital and private equity play a very important role in financing of these companies" (p. 189) and venture capital definitely plays a very important role for Towing It as well. Having evaluated the expenses of this venture it is safe to project that profits will be made within the first year and that an increasing rate of return will be provided for both the owners and the venture capitalists throughout the next five years.
Technically speaking, the main thrust of the company will be through the website and online media which will be marketing the company in a 24/7 methodology. The equipment needed is easily procured through rental of the airplane and purchasing of the banners. The…
Junttila, K.; Meretoja, R.; Seppala, A.; Tolppanen, E-M.; Ala-Nikkola, T.; & Silvennoinen, L.; (2007) Data warehouse approach to nursing management, Journal of Nursing Management, Vol. 35, Issue 2, pp. 155-161
Krive, J.; (2013) Building effective workforce management practices through shared governance and technology systems integration, Nursing Economics, Vol. 31, Issue 5, pp. 231 -- 249
Murtola, M.L.; Lundgren-Laine, H.; Salantera, S.; (2012) Governance of managerial information needed by nurse managers in hospitals: A literature review, Communications in Computer and Information Science, Vol. 313, pp. 104 -118
Sander, P. & Koomagi, M.; (2007) The allocation of control rights in financing private companies: Views of Estonian private equity and venture capitalists, TRAMES: A Journal of the Humanities and Social Sciences, Vol. 11, Issue 2, pp. 189 -- 205
Southern Cone Common Market: Mercosur
Since the signing of the Assucion treaty signed in 1991, the hoped for benefits for the countries in the Mercosur have not been completely realized for all involved. This work will concentrate on the marketing and trade issues of each country in the region.
The Southern Cone Common Market is a Latin American trade organization that is called Mercosur and was established in 1991 for the purpose of increasing the cooperation in economic efforts in the member countries. Member countries are Argentina, razil, olivia, Chile, Uruguay, Paraguay and Peru. The economies are different from country to country inside the Mercosur region. razil and Argentina were originally at odds and had been for many years top competitors preceding entrance into Mercosur. The goals in Mercosur are gradual elimination of tariffs between the member nations. Since the 1991 signing of the Assuncion Treat trade between the…
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2004, Columbia University Press.
Kim, Kwan S. & Kim, Seok-Hyeon (2003) "Financial Cooperation in East Asia; Possibilities and Prospects with reference to Other Regional Experiences" University of Notre Dame 2003 Mar 12.
Berlinski Julio (2000) Mercosur Economic Research Network: Serie Brief No. 3 ITDT Instituto Torcuato di Tella (Argentina)
"The Mercosur" [Online] available at: http://www.falkland-malvinas.com/Detalle.asp?NUM=4296
While the quality of Internet phone calls is still not as good as that of dial-up long-distance telephone, more and more users are taking advantage of Internet telephony because it offers free phone calls (Mceal and Elliott, 2002). Internet telephony is straightforward and simple, requiring only an Internet hookup, headphones or speakers, and a microphone.
For online students, Internet telephony offers an opportunity for students to speak to others in their classroom, almost anywhere in the world. In addition, teacher and student communication can be improved by the opportunity to speak to one another to discuss any learning challenges or questions.
Hand-held and wireless technologies are perhaps one of the greatest developments when it comes to online learning (Mceal and Elliott, 2002). According to Fortune magazine, computers will eventually be outsold by phones and organizers that have all the capabilities of a computer and the wireless connections to back them…
Duderstadt, James J. 1997. "The Future of the University in an Age of Knowledge," Journal of Asynchronous Learning Networks, 1 (August) pp. 78-88.
Gallagher, S. (2002, September). Distance learning at the tipping point: Critical success factors to growing fully online distance-learning programs. Boston: Eduventures, Inc.
Kilmurray, James. (October, 2003). e-Learning: It's More Than Automation. The Technology Source (http://ts.mivu.org/).
McReal, Rory. Elliott, Michael. (2002). Technologies of Online Learning. Athabasca University.
Often companies who have highly configurable products or services, such as Dell or in the services businesses, insurance and healthcare companies, need to provide customers with the ability to customize products in real time to their needs. Product configurators today are being used in e-business systems in these industries to provide suppliers with advance visibility of customer demand while capturing orders accurately at the same time (Aurich, Wolf, Siener, Schweitzer, 2009). The quote-to-order process encompasses creating customized products and services while staying within the constraints of profitability for an enterprise (Sawik, 2011). Studies also indicate the greater the level of system integration in these process areas, the higher the level of eturn on Investment (OI) achieved by companies who commit to making their systems work with each other in real time (Das, 2011). The greater the accuracy and velocity of information in the build-to-order, configure-to-order and engineer-to-order workflows of companies…
JC Aurich, N Wolf, M Siener, & E. Schweitzer. (2009). Configuration of product-service systems. Journal of Manufacturing Technology Management, 20(5), 591-605.
Barrett, J. (2007, November). Demand-Driven is an Operational Strategy. Industrial Management, 49(6), 14-19,5.
Das, K. (2011). A quality integrated strategic level global supply chain model. International Journal of Production Research, 49(1), 5.
Hernandez, J., Poler, R., Mula, J., & Lario, F. (2011). The Reverse Logistic Process of an Automobile Supply Chain Network Supported by a Collaborative Decision-Making Model. Group Decision and Negotiation, 20(1), 79-114.
Market Entry Strategy
FedEx's market entry strategy is what is described as a 'frontal-assault strategy.' FedEx's strategy is aggressive, high cost and Americanized.
The first thing noted is that their strategy in China is exactly the same as in any location. As the executive vice president of FedEx is quoted as saying "we've got a pretty good formula for attacking any market...whether its China or Japan or Germany, it really doesn't make any difference."
Market entry strategies will normally take into account the environment of the market to be entered and develop a strategy that best suits that market. Considering the high cost of entry into the Chinese market adopting an American approach without considering whether it is the best approach could be concerning.
At the same time having the same approach in all locations is easier and more cost-effective for FedEx with it being known that "standardization can…
Ball, D.A., McCulloch, W.H., International Business: The Challenge of Global Competition. Boston: McGraw Hill, 1999.
Bradmore, D., Joy, S., & Kimberley, C. Marketing Visions. New York: Prentice Hall, 1989.
(Der Hovanesian, 2010)
Increased Promotion of Discounted mortgages.
The way that subprime lending practices, and some call predatory lending practices affect the housing market has yet to be realized on such a large scale, as these tactics have always been carefully controlled by lending institutions, due in large part to their historical long-range view. Subprime lending on the other hand is fundamentally not a long-term view practice; it is a short-term tactic that is now being dealt with on a massive scale as foreclosures mount and more and more families see foreclosure looming in their future and more and more banks take on this debt, with the added burden of holding on to mortgages that far exceed the new depleted value of homes as the market corrects naturally from the housing bubble. The marketing for such subprime lending was absolutely saturated as nearly every individual was admonished to buy a…
"Construction. Country Profile. United States," the Economist Intelligence Unit Limited (2007), p42-43, Retrieved from Database Business Search Premier December 4, 2010: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=buh&an=25830278&loginpage=Login.asp&site=ehost-live
Der Hovanesian, M. (2006). Nightmare Mortgages. BusinessWeek, (4002), 79-80. Retrieved from Business Source Premier database December 10, 2010 http://0-search.ebscohost.com.library.pcc.edu/login.aspx?direct=true&db=buh&an=22374294&site=ehost-live
Gopal, Prashant (November 29, 2007) Northeast Home Prices Remain Strong. Business Week Online, 11/29/2007, p1, Retrieved from Database Business Search Premier December 4, 2010: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=buh&an=27673398&loginpage=Login.asp&site=ehost-live
Killelea, P. (Dec, 1, 2010) Housing crash continues -- it's a terrible time to buy an expensive house: Why? Retrieved December 10, 2010 from http://patrick.net/housing/crash.html
Hansel & Krahnen (2007) conducted a study that noted the equity beta of banks engaged in the marketing of CDOs increased relative to banks that did not market CDOs. This again highlights the risk associated with CDOs, especially given that the impact on the firm's beta was more pronounced in smaller, less well-capitalized banks.
hile CDOs introduced more risk into the banking system, they also encourage more risk in the credit markets. CDOs accomplished this by providing a secondary market for credit assets. There was only a limited secondary market for low-grade corporate debt and for subprime mortgages prior to the rise of CDOs (Deng, Gabriel & Sanders, 2008). The increase in the amount of subprime loans granted in the U.S. correlates with an increase in the availability of a secondary market for such debt in the form of CDOs. In turn, this encourage the adding of more subprime debt…
Barnett-Hart, a. (2009). The story of the CDO market meltdown: An empirical analysis. Harvard College. Retrieved May 1, 2011 from http://www.hks.harvard.edu/m-rcbg/students/dunlop/2009-CDOmeltdown.pdf
Deng, Y.; Gabriel, S. & Sanders, a. (2008). CDO Market implosion and the pricing of CMBS and sub-prime ABS. Real Estate Research Institute. Retrieved May 1, 2011 from http://www.reri.org/research/article_pdf/wp150.pdf
Hansel, D. & Krahnen, J. (2007). Does credit securitization reduce bank risk? Evidence from the European CDO market. Gothe University Frankfurt. Retrieved May 1, 2011 from http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/Delivery.cfm/SSRN_ID967430_code120211.pdf?abstractid=967430
Lannin, S. (2011). Lehman expected CDO market to worsen. ABC News. Retrieved May 1, 2011 from http://www.abc.net.au/news/stories/2011/03/22/3170054.htm
The internet has given marketers a great deal of flexibility of time and message, though it must be clear that contrary to the previous assumptions there are limits to advertising ability and revenue. The tool enters the individuals home, just as direct marketing does and often offers links to direct purchase of the product advertised. Television, also enters the consumers home, and offers product information and brand exposure. Radio is often a mode of marketing that is accessed in transit, where millions of people listen to the radio as they drive and remember products, services and events that they hear about on the radio. Word of mouth marketing is important as it provides a personal touch to the product or service as testimonial can be the key to product awareness and utilization. (Ryans, 1996, p. 63)
8. Old statistics with regard to advertising to sales ratios, 10 years ago being…
Geller, 2002, p. null03)
10. Foreign market growth is one of the biggest issues in business today and many even small and medium sized companies often direct resources toward finding and establishing foreign market locations in the increasingly global economy. There are several risks involved with entering a foreign market and at least three are, non-existent or low consumer demand for product, competition of local market and lastly legal and ethical issues that determine the market situation. Some demand situations are unknown until a service or product has been exposed to a foreign market, and historical consumer desires must be discovered before entrance, sometimes this is difficult as if a consumer is unaware of a product they do not know if they would buy it or use it, they may have historical and traditional desires to utilize existing market products and not care to try something new, in which case a risk would be great. Competition in local markets is often a risk that a foreign company must weigh as there are often similar products and services available on a local scale that have a market hold, without proper information and/or research a risk could be great for product not fitting in to an existing market, because local providers already serve the niche. Lastly, legal issues are often unknown to the foreign provider, as some communities are more or less controlled by government entities, through non-free market set ups. Without such information the foreign provider takes great risk in having his goods and/or services sanctioned, overtaxed, refused or even confiscated in a foreign market that is not freely active, as many across the globe are.
Bauer, 1963, p. ii)
It takes insightful analysis of the key success factors from the customers' perspective while a strong commitment to re-orient internal, back-office systems to support customer-driven criterion. The examples of the e-commerce industry, which is known for increasing returns and being highly differentiated on knowledge, show how quickly the network effect can serve as an accelerator for second movers to gain customer base in a relatively short period of time.
Jeffrey H. Dyer, & Kentaro Nobeoka. (2000). Creating and managing a high-performance knowledge-sharing network: The Toyota case. Strategic Management Journal: Special Issue: Strategic Networks, 21(3), 345-367.
Hsieh, T.. (2010, June). Why I Sold Zappos. Inc., 32(5), 100-104.
Isckia, T.. (2009). Amazon's Evolving Ecosystem: A Cyber-bookstore and Application Service Provider. Canadian Journal of Administrative Sciences, 26(4), 332-343.
Lieberman, M.B. & Montgomery D.B. 1998, 'First-Mover (Dis)Advantages: etrospective and Link with the esource-Based View, Strategic Management Journal, vol. 19, pp. 1111-1125.
Jeffrey H. Dyer, & Kentaro Nobeoka. (2000). Creating and managing a high-performance knowledge-sharing network: The Toyota case. Strategic Management Journal: Special Issue: Strategic Networks, 21(3), 345-367.
Hsieh, T.. (2010, June). Why I Sold Zappos. Inc., 32(5), 100-104.
Isckia, T.. (2009). Amazon's Evolving Ecosystem: A Cyber-bookstore and Application Service Provider. Canadian Journal of Administrative Sciences, 26(4), 332-343.
Lieberman, M.B. & Montgomery D.B. 1998, 'First-Mover (Dis)Advantages: Retrospective and Link with the Resource-Based View, Strategic Management Journal, vol. 19, pp. 1111-1125.
Indian Stock and Bond Markets
Do you think an investment in the Indian stock market is a good long-term investment?
The Indian stock market has experienced a number of fluctuations over the past 20 years or so that would suggest that investors might want to adopt a "wait-and-see" approach before making the plunge into these financial waters. For example, Schmidt and Hersh emphasize that, "The history of the operation of the Indian stock market has been dotted with brokers often unable to meet their commitments, allegations and proved instances of insider trading, and deliberate manipulation of stock prices by bears and bulls" (2000, p. 131). The prices for stocks listed on the Indian stock have experienced a number of highs and lows, with the most significant boom taking place during the period 1993 to 1995; however, although there have been some spikes, there has been a downward trend experienced since…
Kumar, R. (2007). Economic growth and volatility in Indian stock market: a critical analysis.
South Asian Journal of Management, 14(2), 47-48.
Schmidt, J.D. & Hersh, J. (2000). Globalization and social change. London: Routledge.
Sen, P., Bahel, N. & Ranjan, S. (2003, July). Developing the Indian debt capital markets:
Dell Computer Future Market Condition: Outlook & Analysis
At present, the current structure of the PC market is a market structure closer to one of perfect competition, with a very buyer rather than seller friendly focus. Many buyers and sellers and a high level of price volatility characterize the PC industry. However, no market is a textbook definition of any market structure. Although there are many products in the PC industry, they are not all exactly similar in nature and with many substitutes, and there are higher barriers to industry entry than in other competitive market structures -- thus this state of perfect competition is somewhat limited. (Investopedia, 2005) But overall, Forbes Magazine has said the PC market growth will moderate in 2005 due to a lack of significant new product introductions in a too-competitive marketplace. ("Market Share," 2005)
Impact of New Competitors
No new competitor has quite…
Bean, Michael. (2005) "Anatomy of A Price War." Forio. Retrieved 6 March 2005 at http://www.forio.com/pricing20010912.htm
'Dell Is Named in Lawsuit Over Financing." (Mar 4, 2005) Forbes. Retrieved 7 March 2005 at http://www.forbes.com/associatedpress/feeds/ap/2005/03/04/ap1863170.html
Investopedia. (2005) "Economics Basics: Monopolies, Oligopolies, and Perfect Competition." Investopedia.com. Retrieved 6 March 2005 at http://www.investopedia.com/university/economics/economics6.asp 'Market News," (15 Jan 2005) Forbes. Retrieved 7 March 2005 at http://www.forbes.com/markets/company_news.jhtml?ticker=DELL
Technical Analysis in the Implication of Efficient Market Hypothesis on Silver Market
The thesis is for the study of simple commonly used technical trading rules, which are applied on silver market. It covers years 1989 to 2005. A famous study carried out by Lakonishok, Lebaon and in year, 1992 has clearly shown that technical analysis can lead to abnormal prices when compared with buy-and-hold strategy. Other studies have been carried out and found out that technical trading rules cannot over-rule passive investment management strategy. The study uses Brock et al.'s methodology. Several trading rules are discussed (Dawson & Steeley 2003).
In financial theory, efficiency of financial silver market is highly disputed. This has led to many attempts to explain efficiency of silver markets. Eugene.F. Fama formulated the most famous definition in 1970 referred to as the, Efficient Silver market Hypothesis (EHM). The basis of the hypothesis is that…
Alexander, S.S. (1964) 'Price Movements in Speculative Markets: Trends or Random Walks'. Industrial management Review 5 (2), 25-46
Brock, W., Lakonishok, J., & LeBaron, B. (1992) 'Simple Technical Trading Rules and the Stochastic Properties of Stock Returns'. Journal of finance 4, (5), 1731-1764
Chang, P.H., & Osler, C.L. (1999) 'Methodical Madness: Technical Analysis and the Irrationality of Exchange Rate Forecasts'. Economic Journal 109 (458), 636-661
Dawson, E.R., & Steeley, J. (2003) 'On the Existence of Visual Technical Patterns in the Uk Stock Market'. Journal of Business Finance and Accounting 30 (1-2), 263-293
As with any of the big questions worth asking, there is no easy answer to whether the stock market is rigged. The real answer is both yes and no. On the one hand, the market has rules and regulations, oversight boards like the Securities and Exchange Commission, and is open for all investors to participate in on a potentially equal basis. On the other hand, the way the market works is clearly “unfair,” as Tepper puts it (1). Unfairness is built into the system because the actual point of sale is not something the ordinary investor is privy to—meaning the price of stocks is not a true reflection of investor supply and demand. This inherent unfairness built into the process of the stock market is why maverick developers like Brad Katsuyama has developed the IEX (Tepper 1). Abraham points out other reasons why the stock market methodologies remain unfair, “rigged,”…
China Housing Market
Starting with 2008, and deepening in 2009, the world has been facing an economic crisis, the severity of which has often assimilated with that of the depression between 1929 and 1933. At the beginning of the twentieth century, the major problems laid in overproduction, whereas the crisis of the twenty first century was constructed on the credit crunch, brought out by the subprime mortgages offered by the American banks. What is however common to both crises is the fact, that while emerged within the United States, they soon expanded to impact numerous other regions. The main element which allowed the Great Depression to expand to other regions was that, after the First World War, the United States became the creditor of the European regions suffering war losses. As the U.S. however faced financial challenges, they proved unable to any longer support the economic revival of the other…
Batson, A., April 2, 2009, China Housing Market Shows Signs of Life, The Wall Street Journal
2007, China to Raise Downpayment for Second Homes: Sources, Latest News and the Property Market in Singapore, http://sgpropertypress.wordpress.com/2007/09/19/china-to-raise-downpayment-for-second-homes-sources / last accessed on November 26, 2009
2007, European Real Estate in 2008: Spain and UK Deep into the Crisis / Eastern Europe near Housing Bubble Burst, Leap 2020, http://www.leap2020.eu/European-real-estate-in-2008-Spain-and-UK-deep-into-the-crisis-Eastern-Europe-near-housing-bubble-burst_a1511.html last accessed on November 26, 2009
2008, China Real Estate Market Faces Slump, NuWire Investor, http://www.nuwireinvestor.com/articles/looming-housing-slump-in-china-52103.aspx last accessed on November 26, 2009
isks in Export Market
There is need for companies to develop a professional approach before venturing into the exporting business. The management of the company is supposed to be committed extremely as well as devoting time and money in commencing the campaigns of export. A company is supposed to be ready to face greater competition as well as more stringent rules and regulations concerning products and packaging due to the variance in rules to which or across which the company will be exporting.
In the process of exportation, there are a number of risks that the company will face. These elements of risks are encountered in every commercial transactions as well as the complexity of the environments that exporters operate in. The content of this paper will analyze risks that a company can face while entering the field of exporting as well as discussing the roles of intermediaries in the…
Aaby, N. & S. Slater. (1989). Management Influences on Export Performance: A Review of the Empirical Literature1978-88. International Marketing Review, 6: 7-26.
Andrew B. Bernard & J. Bradford Jensen & Stephen J. Redding & Peter K. Schott, (2007). "Firms in International Trade," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 21(3), pages 105-130, Summer.
Barney, J. (1991). Firm Resources and Sustained Competitive Advantage. Journal of Management, 17: 99-120.1997. Gaining and Sustaining Competitive Advantage. Reading, MA: Addison.
Cornelius Bothma (2012). Managing your export risk. EXPORTHELP. Retrieved April 13, 2012 from http://www.exporthelp.co.za/modules/10_risk/intro.html
They ae thee to play and not to show off thei bodies.
Female athletes with lage body size will find discomfots in the tightly fitted unifoms. This then pesents poblem to safety. The female athletes who will not be at ease to the equied unifom could not focus on the game she is playing. She will, fom time to time, ty to eaange, pull o push some pats o the gament whee she thinks she needs to be coveed. With such attention that will be given to the gament, how can it be assued that the athlete will be safe in pefoming on he spoting event?
Lastly, female athletes who have lage body size will not be motivated to join any spoting activities anymoe because of the fea fo negative judgments fom the cowd and the media. The spots aena is becoming moe of an aea fo the body image…
references of college women basketball players. Master's Thesis
Ford, S., & Feather, B. (May, 1993). Women's basketball uniform analysis. Final report presented to Russell Athletic Corporation.
Gitlin Cara. (November 2000). "Male gawkers have all the fun." The John Hopkins News Letter.
Girls Skip Meals to be like Skinny Models." news.bbc.co.uk. 04 Feb. 2003. BBC Newsround. 8 Aug. 2005. http://news.bbc.co.uk/cbbcnews/hi/uk/newsid_2726000/2726279.stm
Hellmich, Nanci..usatoday.com. "Do thin models warp girls' body image?" 26 September 2006. USA Today. 30 Nov. 2006. http://www.usatoday.com/news/health/2006-09-25-thin-models_x.htm
Marketing International Conference
Seoul- an Emerging Destination for International Convention Industry
International conferences are emerging as a major global industry over past few years. Despite its growing size, it has been largely ignored in terms of academic research. Where western part of the world has been locus of conference industry with major locations in U.S. And UK, Asian cities are now emerging as better options for conducting international conference. Furthermore, international conference industry is also growing well with the international trade show industry. Where South Korea is becoming a new hub of international trade show industry, its capital city Seoul is transforming into an ideal location for international conferences with many promising events scheduled for upcoming years.
International conferences are becoming substantial peripheral element of trade industry. And, this is the reason why tourism regulation authorities worldwide are paying major attention to this area of revenue generation. In order to…
Conference Alerts, 2012, Conferences in Korea (south): Major Conference Cities-Seoul, Retrieved from http://www.conferencealerts.com/country-listing?country=Korea+ (south), Accessed on 31st July, 2012
Deery, Margaret., Jago, Leo., Fredline, Liz. And Dwyer, Larry, 2005, National Business Events Study: An Evaluation Of The Australian Business Events Sector, Common Ground, and Melbourne
Foster, Brad, 2011, Korea MiceExpo 2011, the Seoul of Asia, Retreived from http://www.btp.net.au/userfiles/file/supplements/micenetJun11Seoul.pdf, Accessed on 31st July, 2012
Imex-Frankfurt, 2010, Benefits of the G20 Seoul summit, beyond the visitor spend, Retrieved from http://www.imex-frankfurt.com/documents/SeoulCaseStudy1.pdf , Accessed on 31st July, 2012
However, they are worth considering on the long haul. Since the oil and gas reserves are suffering from a chronic shortage, a major company such as Exxon should think strategically and expand into this area. The discussion is more complex, in the sense that intensive research and development efforts are needed to both improve the above mentioned alternatives and to discover new sources of energy.
Exxon Financial esults
Due to the high crude-oil and natural gas prices, in the context of a busy hurricane seasons in the Gulf of Mexico, Exxon has reported record figures for 2005, mounting up to $36 billion in net income and 31% return on average capital.
Source: Exxon Mobil 2005 Company eport
The results Exxon reported for the 2005 fiscal year are impressive:
record earnings of $36 billion, up 46%;
net income per common share of $5.76;
net income to average shareholder's equity of 339%…
Armstrong, M. 2003, Human resource management practice, (9th ed.), Kogan Page Limited, London
Litle, J. 2005, Get Rich - While Exxon Goes Broke, Retrieved Online from URL: http://news.goldseek.com/DailyReckoning/1162413657.php
Logan, A. And Grossman D. 2006, ExxonMobil's Corporate Governance on Climate Change, Ceres & the Investor Network on Climate Risk
Maxwell C. And Feshbach B., Energetic Discussion, Retrieved Online from URL: http://www.weedenco.com/welling/archive/li/v06i04lilogo.asp
Disruptive Technologies for the Military
Disruptive technologies are innovations that aid in creating new markets, eventually going on to disturb or even dismantle the current value networks and market, and to displace an older technology. Clayton M. Christensen, a professor at Harvard Business School, coined this term, now used frequently in technology and business literature for describing innovations that bring about improvements to any service or product, in ways not expected by the market (Lucas, 2012). The Professor first made use of the term in his best-seller "The Innovator's Dilemma" (published in the year 1997), wherein he classified new technologies into two groups: disruptive and sustaining. The former category refers to novel, inadequately refined technology, typically associated with performance issues, known only to some group(s), and normally lacking any proven practical use. Meanwhile, the latter category includes familiar technologies undergoing successive improvements. Disruption may be viewed from another perspective, if…
Brimley, S., FitzGerald, B., Sayler, S. & Singer, P.W. (SEPTEMBER 2013). Game Changers: Disruptive Technology and U.S. Defense Strategy, Center for American New Security
Christiansen, C. (1997). The Innovator's Dilemma: When New Technologies Cause Great Firms to Fail, Boston: Harvard Business Review Press.
FitzGerald, B., Sayler, K., Lynn III, W.J. & Stavridis, J. (JUNE 2014). Creative Disruption Technology, Strategy and the Future of the Global Defense Industry, Center for American New Security.
Fonseca, M. (03/02/2014). Guide to 12 Disruptive Technologies. IntelligentHQ.com digital, retrieved from http://www.intelligenthq.com/technology/12-disruptive-technologies / on 20 February 2016
2007 Economic Crisis on American Car market
Effect of the 2008 global economic crisis on automotive industries
Crisis in the United States
Crisis in Canada
Crisis in ussia
Crisis in European markets
Crisis in Asian markets
Effects by other related crisis events
In this paper, we will review the effects of 2008 global automotive crisis. Our main focus will be on the American car manufacturers and the negative impact they suffered due to the crisis. We will also have a look at how this crisis had affected car manufacturers in other major markets around the world notably Europe, Canada and the prominent Asian markets such as China and India. Finally, we will look at some of the other factors which were important to this event namely the energy crisis since the cost of fuel is directly related to the car industry.
The automobile industry is a very important part…
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Liou, K.T. (2002). Managing Economic Development in Asia. Westport, CT: Praeger.
They face 8 competitors there. The largest country for OI overall is Montenegro, in part because there are no competitors operating in that country (Mixmarket, 2009).
Thus, in any given market, OI can expect competition from a wide number of microfinance institutions. In general, these institutions are charitable organizations based in estern countries. They each have similar objectives and are not motivated by profit, therefore there is low intensity of competition between them. Groups do not necessarily work together, but may instead avoid each other's territories. The competition keeps OI's operations small in many countries, but it also provides more choice for entrepreneurs in those countries to receive financing.
The main impact of competition for OI is with respect to funding dollars. OI must work hard to compete against not only other microfinance organizations, but charities of all stripes for the finite dollars available from both private and institutional donors.…
Opportunity International website. Retrieved April 23, 2009 from http://www.opportunity.org/
Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation website. Retrieved April 23, 2009 from http://www.gatesfoundation.org/Grants-2007/Pages/Grant-48772.aspx
Mixmarket.org website. Retrieved April 23, 2009 from http://www.mixmarket.org/en/partners/partners.quick.search.asp
advertisements and emerging technology studies are focusing on increasing attention on advertising to children, this has been an issue of concern for decades now (Nurses Association, 2001). One of the main issues of contention is whether to researchers should direct their communication towards children or whether they should communicate with their parents directly. In this regard, the study has focused on utilitarian and deontology theories in putting this issue into perspective.
Concerning young kids, it is reasonable to direct research efforts of snack foods, toys and games to their parents because parents are the main buyers of such products. Nevertheless, researchers are aware that better results can be achieved through directing research messages to children, partly because children do not have the capability to analyze research findings and the underlying messages critically. Similarly, children would want the products regardless of the research findings. While pressuring parents, kids substantially force their…
Hill, T.E. (2009). Contemporary ethical theories. New York: Macmillan.
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Standards of Cultural Competent Care
Emerging Standards of Cultural Competent
This research paper is established to explore upon the emerging trends of culturally competent care in general organizational settings. However, the scope of this care will be narrowed down specifically to health care organization I am working with. All the bits and bytes allied with the phenomenon of cultural competent care have been included in this paper, including the overview of what this trend is all about, what are the standards being followed in this particular domain and how those standards are applicable within my workplace premises. All in all, this paper will serve as a primer for the culturally competent care that is required to be promoted within different workplace environments.
An Overview of Culturally Competent Care
As a matter of fact, United States has appeared to be one of the most ethnically diverse countries in the world. esearchers…
Callister, L.C. (2005). What has the literature taught us about culturally competent care of women and children? MCN: The American Journal of Maternal Child Nursing, 30(6), 380-388.
Giddings, L.S. (2005). A theoretical model of social consciousness. Advances in Nursing
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International Council of Nurses (1998). Nurses and Human Rights. Retrieved September 2, 2012, from http://www.icn.ch/pshumrights.htm .
Give profile to people in the organization who are high performers and who also use the policies to create a view that success and work-life balance can go hand in hand. Organize some social functions at times suitable for children as well as adults and specifically invite the employees' family members. Introduce awards for managers or supervisors nominated by employees for having provided an environment where both employees' work productivity as well as their personal needs are addressed and enhanced. Organize award ceremonies for those employees who are playing an important role in changing the workplace culture. Finally, allow people to have pictures or other personal objects in their work area (Workplace culture, 2009).
Developing and valuing a workplace culture does not happen overnight and requires commitment from both employers and employees. It is important to build consensus for culture change from the top down as well as the bottom…
Altman, Y. (2008). On the future of work -- and hr. People & Strategy, p18-18, 1p; Vol. 31 Issue 4(an 36354212).
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Teaming and Emerging Business Trends
Organizations and business in the 21st century are not like those of even the last part of the 20th century. Several factors influence this evolution: globalism, increased expectations of transparency, stakeholder comments and involvement, and governmental regulation. Many of these expectations are generational and part of the ongoing evolutionary process of culture and attitudinal change. For instance, the success or failure of a contemporary business or organization is quite dependent upon the management of diversity. Public and private sector organizations, both are involved in numerous federally mandated programs that are designed to reduce cultural and communication barriers within the workplace. Multiculturalism is no longer a "nice-to," with the era of globalization upon us, and rapidly growing, diversity training and maximization of multicultural understanding, combined with management and leadership commitment to provide a diverse workplace, is now the norm. The same is true in accepting and…
Resources IQ: http://www.humanresourcesiq.com/article.cfm?externalID=165
Garrow, V. a. (2008). Talent Management: Issues of Focus and Fit. Public Personnel Management, 37(4), 389-402.
Henemen, R. (2001). Reward and Organizational Systems Alignment: An Expert System. Compensation and Benefits Review, 33(6), 18-29.
Pryor, M., et al. (2009). Teaming as a Strategic and Tactical Tool. International Journal of Management, 26(2), 320-33.
Reinhardt, W. et al. (2011). Knowledge Worker Roles and Actions. Knowledge and Process Management, 18(3), 150-74.
net, 2010). For HNI, the objective is to build market share, as much as possible, in ergonomic chairs. The pricing strategy is going to need to reflect that, and should therefore be at the low end of the ergonomic segment.
In this situation, we have chosen a skimming strategy. The skimming strategy involves setting high prices based on value. The company wants to build market share on the basis of quality (Meissner, 2010). Ergonomic chairs are a growth market, and this strategy will allow us to gain entry into the market without sacrificing margins. e do not intend to be the biggest player in the market, but to build a solid market share based on a high quality product. e want to make good margins on our products and a skimming strategy will allow us to do this while staking our position in the market overall. Ergonomic chairs are relatively…
Johansson, C. (2000). Top 10 emerging practice areas to watch in the new millennium. American Occupational Therapy Association. Retrieved April 24, 2010 from http://www.aota.org/nonmembers/area1/links/link61.asp
No author. (2010). Industry overview -- retail office furniture in the United States. ZPryme.com. Retrieved April 24, 2010 from http://zpryme.com/news-room/industry-overview-a-retail-office-furniture-in-the-united-states-including-market-leaders-ashley-lane-haverty-and-global-leader-ikea-zprymehtml.html
No author. (2010). Best ergonomic office chair. Ergonomic-Chairs.net. Retrieved April 24, 2010 from http://ergonomic-chairs.net/
Meissner, J. (2010). Basic pricing strategies and when to use them. Meissner Research Group. Retrieved April 24, 2010 from http://www.meiss.com/blog/tag/skimming-strategy/
There are also inconsistencies across countries in how they measure their industries, production levels, and development milestones of their industries as well. What makes using the Internet for researching foreign markets most difficult is that while nations are gradually realizing they are needing to compete globally, there is still a highly protectionist philosophy to demographic and economic data in key, emerging growth industries. Often there are multiple sources of information on a foreign market, both from the Internet and also published by third party research providers, needed to get a true measure of the market opportunities in foreign markets.
Axinn, C., Deeter-Schmelz, D., Straley, B., Zavoral, E (2006). How do the Internet and Internationalization Affect the Buying Center:an Exploratory Case Study. Advances in International Marketing, 17, 347-368. etrieved January 28, 2008, from ABI/INFOM Global database. (Document ID: 1173278651).
Lipner, W (2007). The Future of Online Market esearch. Journal of…
Axinn, C., Deeter-Schmelz, D., Straley, B., Zavoral, E (2006). How do the Internet and Internationalization Affect the Buying Center:an Exploratory Case Study. Advances in International Marketing, 17, 347-368. Retrieved January 28, 2008, from ABI/INFORM Global database. (Document ID: 1173278651).
Lipner, W (2007). The Future of Online Market Research. Journal of Advertising Research, 47(2), 142-146. Retrieved January 28, 2008, from ABI/INFORM Global database. (Document ID: 1288640551).
Innovative International Business Study
Global Fast Moving Consumer Goods (FMCG) atmosphere is fast modifying. Especially, the ever-improving reputation of line extensions appear to rely on benefits natural in brand leveraging. FMCG producers emphasize on &D in order to produce items that best fulfills clients because clients have become more focused on linking themselves to a specific brand. They will also like to buy less expensive item due to current economic trend. Afuah (2009) argues that Unilever is one of the greatest FMCG companies on the globe. Unilever was established in 1930 by merging by the Lever Brother of Britain and Margarine Unie from Dutch. Today, Unilever PLC has two headquarters in London and Netherlands. Unilever's product portfolio contains some of the widely known and most preferred brands.
Figure 1: Sample items offered by Unilever
Unilever's corporate technique aims to produce high-quality products and achieve profitability and economic growth.…
Afuah, A. (2009). Strategic innovation: New game strategies for competitive advantage. New York: Routledge.
Cooper, R.G., & Edgett, S.J. (2009). Product innovation and technology strategy. Ancaster, Ontario: Product Development Institute.
Doole, I., & Lowe, R. (2008). International marketing strategy: Analysis, development and implementation. London: Cengage Learning.
Gelder, S.V. (2005). Global brand strategy: Unlocking brand potential across countries, cultures & markets. London [u.a.]: Kogan Page.