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..) shall not make malicious or intentionally false statements about a colleague, shall not use coercive means or promise special treatment to influence professional judgment of colleagues" (Florida Education Standards Commission, n.d.). Therefore, it is obvious that the field of activity of education is much more concerned with the interpersonal relation between the student and the teacher, thus between human beings, than any other field of work. This is why it is important to consider the ethical issues and problems that may arise in such relationships because depending on the gravity of each situation it affects the psychological level of the individual.
The next section of a code of ethics and conduct is represented by the values, rules and norms of the respective institution. These are important because, in fact, they are the actual content of the code of conduct. In general terms, these include the core values and principles…
Ethics Research Center. (2007) Why have a code of conduct. Retrieved 16 January 2008, at http://www.ethics.org/resources/wy-have-code.asp
Ethics Research Center. (2008) Common Ethic Code Provisions. Retrieved 16 January 2008, at http://www.ethics.org/resources/common-code-provisions.asp
Ethics Resource Center. (2008). Definitions of Values. Retrieved 16 January 2008, at http://www.ethics.org/resources/definitions-of-values.asp
Florida Education Standards Commission. (N.d.)the Code of Ethics and the Principles of Professional Conduct of the Education Profession in Florida. Retrieved 16 January 2008, at http://www.fldoe.org/dpe/publications/ethics.pdf
Code of Ethics
"the time is always right to do what is right" (Martin Luther King, Jr.)
"The first step in the evolution of ethics is a sense of solidarity with other human beings"
This paper presents a code of ethics for the Meadwestvaco (MV) Specialty Chemicals Company. MV produces activated carbon for use in beverages, sweetener, various food products, pharmaceuticals and chemical / gas/air environmental industries. Notwithstanding any particular product or service that a company may be known for, every company should have a code of ethics that provides guidelines for how employees, managers, executives and board members are expected to behave. This paper offers a code of ethics for MV, along with other particulars that accompany the values and principles of MV.
Among the considerations when an organization elects to create a code of ethics is to start with guiding principles. There must be…
Health Canada. (2009). Science and Research / Guiding Principles. Retrieved January 5, 2012,
From http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca .
IBM (2011). Our Values at Work on being an IBMer. Retrieved January 5, 2013, from http://www.ibm.com/ibm/values/us/ .
Meadwestvaco. (2011). Vision and Culture / Diversity and Inclusion. Retrieved January 5, 2013,
There are many factors that go into creating a code of ethics for an organization. At its simplest, a code of ethics should be a "collection of principles and practices that a business believes in and aims to live by (Spiro, 2010). The code should have a certain degree of clarity, because it ideally will serve as a reference point for employees and for other stakeholders. Yet there are many challenges when it comes to creating a code, because both the field of ethics and today's organizations have a high degree of complexity.
Kaptein and Wempe (1998) provide a helpful guide to understanding many of the issues that organizations face when creating codes of ethics. First, the code needs to have an underlying consistency that can be understood by the audience. Second, the code cannot be so vague that it means nothing. Many codes of ethics are too…
Kaptein, M. & Wempe, J. (1998). Twelve Gordian knots when developing an organizational code of ethics. Journal of Business Ethics. Vol. 17 (8) 853-869.
McConnell, T. (2014). Moral dilemmas. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Retrieved December 1, 2014 from http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/moral-dilemmas/
MindTools. (2014). Ethical leadership. MindTools.com. Retrieved December 1, 2014 from http://www.mindtools.com/pages/article/newLDR_58.htm
Schwartz, M. (2002). A code of ethics for corporate codes of ethics. Journal of Business Ethics. Vol. 41 (1-2) 27-43.
They seemed to think that he was part of a larger terrorist network. After this, they smashed the cell phone against the floor and laughed. They removed his shoes and socks and broke the heels from his shoes to look for explosive or any other hidden substances. Achmed Radu felt afraid and humiliated. He felt afraid for his family and friends, whose contact information were now in the hands of his tormentors. He knew it would do no good to ask them what they would do with his contact list, so he did not bother.
After the four officials exhausted their immediate options for torment, they led him outside, forcing him to go barefoot. A police car was waiting for him. Two of the officials rode in the front seats, while other two rode on either side of their victim. Mr. Radu tried again to find out what or who…
Berlau, John. (2004, Oct). John Krry's dark record on civil liberties: the Democratic candidate is no friend to the Bill of Rights. Reason. http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m1568/is_5_36/ai_n6203214
Dettmer, Jamie. (2000, Oct 16). IG report details justice misdeeds. Insight on the News. http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m1571/is_38_16/ai_66241130
Gelsey, Zara (2001, Oct 25). Drugging or Torture of 9-11 Suspects breaks constitution, law, and treaties. Center for Cognitive Liberty & Ethics. http://www.cognitiveliberty.org/news/narcointerrogation1.htm
Grant, J. Kevin. (2002, Dec). Ethics and law enforcement. The FBI Law Enforcement Bulletin. http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m2194/is_12_71/ai_96453523
Code of Ethics - Assessment
After reading thoroughly through the American Counseling Association Code of Ethics document, there was one aspect that I found really surprising. The overall structure of the document was very naive or somewhat ordinary. It had separated heading and each heading had at least 4-5 lines of description. I found this particular structure to be a very immature approach to presenting facts on Counseling Ethics and their assessment techniques.
Not only did I find it immature, I also felt it was incoherent and difficult to go through as it felt abrupt and disconnected when reading due to the heading and all the divisions. It felt like it was of a handout that would allow students to memorize the headings and then relate them later on in a test or a paper as opposed to a guideline for counselors who were looking for an official guidance for…
Code of Ethics: Malpractice and elevance
According to Black's Law Dictionary, malpractice is "professional misconduct or unreasonable lack of skill. Failure of one rendering professional services to exercise that degree of skill or learning commonly applied under all the circumstances in the community by the average prudent, reputable member of the profession with the result of injury, loss or damage to the recipient of those services" (p. 959).
A code of ethics or conduct can help professional counselors avoid unintentionally committing breaches of trust, therapeutic relationship or other actions that are violative of the patient-counselor relationship that can be construed as malpractice.
Information on religious group's policies on confidentiality and dual relationships.
According to Audette (1988), in the Catholic Church, for example:
"The therapeutic ethic relies largely on a contract model of a professional-client relationship: confidentiality is based on the dual needs of respecting the individual and preserving the character…
ACA code of ethics. (2005). American Counseling Association. Retrieved from http://www.
Allen, C. (2011). Improving the code of professional conduct: Revised structure, wording will make ethics standards more consistent. Journal of Accountancy, 211(6), 38-39.
Audette, E. (1998, January 28). Confidentiality in the church: What the pastor knows and tells.
allabouttruth.org/moral-ethics.htm).In addition, almost 50% of the surveyed adults said they base their moral decisions on whatever will bring them the most pleasing or satisfying results (Moral Ethics, at (http://www.allabouttruth.org/moral-ethics.htm).Research in this area indicates that moral ethics are now considered relative to culture, relative to circumstance, and relative to the specific needs of the individual (Moral Ethics, at (http://www.allabouttruth.org/moral-ethics.htm).
From the standpoint of the Department of Justice, moral ethics was a primary foundation of the United States of America. America was founded on the right of religious expression known as freedom of religion and moral ethics. Cultural ethics are different from moral ethics. The goal of culture is to cultivate values, beliefs and patterns of behavior that can best support organizational success. Values and beliefs are cultivated strictly on ethics, which is the philosophy and science for determining what values to hold and when to hold them (ottorff, 2004). Cultivating patterns…
AllAboutTruth. (2005). Ethics and Morality who cares? Retrieved March 12, 2005, from Truth Home Web site: http://www.AllAboutTruth.org/moral-ethics.htm
Associated Press. (2000, January 17). Lawsuits over bias soared in 1990s, Justice
Dept. says. St. Louis Post Dispatch, p. A9.
Associated Press. (1997, June 5). High Court to Hear Reverse-Bias Case. St. Louis
Code of Ethics
"Critically analyse Australian Association Social Worker's Code Ethics (2010), reference utility guiding promoting high quality ethical practice working Aboriginal Torres Straight Islander people.
Critically analyse the Australian Association of Social Worker's Code of Ethics (2010), with particular reference to its utility for guiding and promoting high quality ethical practice when working with Aboriginal and Torres Straight Islander people.
The Australian Association of Social Worker's Code of Ethics (2010) is designed to help social workers navigate the often-thorny issues which concern professionals, particularly when they are working with historically disadvantaged groups. The ethical guide aspires to set professional ideals yet also provide practical guidance. It repeatedly underlines the new commitment of the profession to honor the multicultural nature of Australian society. The cover of the Code of Ethics is emblazoned with an image of aboriginal people sitting around a burning campfire. "Through the flames of the campfire, the…
Australian Association of Social Worker's Code of Ethics (2010). Retrieved:
Code of Ethics Comparison
Ethical codes are those regulations put by an organization or association to enable them to make a clear decision on understanding what is wrong or right and hence applying this understanding to make informed decisions. There is three main classification of ethical codes, they include code of ethics for corporate or businesses, code of conduct for employees, code of practice (professional ethics).
Code of ethics in business focuses on social issues. It also focuses on organization's belief on issues to do with the mission of the organization, privacy within the organization, quality of services offered by the organization or the environment. Business code of ethics is the one that gives rise to employee's code of conduct. The managers are the ones who determine its effectiveness with their support on various issues by either sanctioning or rewarding the employees.
Code of conduct for employees spells out clearly…
American Counseling Association. (2005). ACA Code of ethics. Alexandria, VA: Author.
http://www.aacc.net/American Association of Christian Counselors. (2010). Codes of ethics in American Association of christian counselors Retrieved February 23rd 2012, from
Code of Ethics and Principles of Professional Conduct of the Education Profession in Florida
Despite there being a clear Code of Ethics and Principles of Professional Conduct for the Education Profession in Florida, we have all witnessed a myriad of court cases whereby educators are accused of violating these very same guidelines they are supposed to observe and promote. In this text, I highlight a number of cases where educators have violated the said ethical codes and principles. The court cases I will concern myself with include State of Florida vs. Debra Beasley Lafave, Howard W. Adams and andy D. Ward, v. State of Florida, Professional Practices Council, and Tomerlin v. Dade County School Board.
State of Florida vs. Debra Beasley Lafave
In this particular case, a female teacher by the name Debra Beasley Lafave was accused of having sex with a student who was way below the age of…
Daily Mail Reporter (2011). Disgraced Sex Scandal Teacher Debra Lafave Pregnant with Twin Boys. Daily Mail. Retrieved from http://www.usq.edu.au/library/referencing/apa-referencing-guide#Journal_and_newspaper_articles
Florida Department of Education (2013). The Code of Ethics and Principles of Professional Conduct for the Education Profession in Florida. Retrieved from www.fldoe.org/edstandards/pdfs/ethics.pdf
Leagle (2013). Tomerlin v. Dade County School Board. Retrieved from http://www.leagle.com/decision/1975477318So2d159_1473
Leagle (2013). Howard W. Adams and Randy D. Ward, v. State of Florida, Professional Practices Council. Retrieved from http://www.leagle.com/decision/19811576406So2d1170_11427
It is about being a good citizen in the world. Integrity also has another meaning and that is to be whole or undivided. One can also look at this definition as something to do with character as well if we consider that one is whole and stronger when one has a strong sense of morals. Independence, which is a personal code of ethics, perhaps doesn't work in the workplace because business is about working together. I won't be working alone and a business is run by the efforts of many people. 'Attitude' in my personal code of ethics includes not gossiping or being a person who promotes negativity. This could go under integrity as well, but it is such an important element to me. I believe that you become what you put out there in the world and I, personally, don't gossip and I don't like to be around those…
Ethics in Social Science
What are the ethical issues that anthropologists and other social scientists should consider when conducting research with people?
Ethics can be a consideration of right and wrong in regards to the motives that a person acts out of as well as the actual behaviors that these individuals display. For example, a person could have good intentions but still act unethically or a person could have unethical intentions but never act them out. Most anthropologists have pure intentions and respect the people that they are studying. However, many early attempts to study isolated tribes with pure intentions had many unforeseen consequences such as the spread of disease. Furthermore, there were also claims that during the mid-twentieth century some anthropologists were using their profession as an avenue to collect information about various communities only to have this information be used against an enemy in times of war. Although…
Code of Ethics
Over a period of time organizations around the world have realized the need to emphasis on making ethics as an integral part of their overall business strategy. While organizational activities in a corporate sector are carried out primarily from a commercial and a non-welfare point-of-view, lately management theorists and researchers have suggested that organizations that are socially responsible and ethically conscious are likely to have a far better goodwill, brand image and Public elations
Besides the revelations made by management theorists and researchers, lately the government have also realized the need to take actions in order to protect the consumers and the society at large from the externalities that occur as a result of increasing capitalistic approaches. This is topped by increasing pressures by pressure groups and media campaigns. Besides corporate sector, practices and ethical standards by non-profit organizations have also come under government scrutiny. The society…
Boudreaux, G., & Steiner, T. (2005). Developing a Code of Ethics. Management Quarterly, 46(1), 2+.
Brown, P.E., & Mausehund, J. (1997). Integrating Managerial Ethics into the Business Communication Curriculum. Business Communication Quarterly, 60(1), 77+.
Carlson, P., & Blodgett, M.S. (1997). International Ethics Standards for Business: NAFTA, CAUX Principles and Corporate Codes of Ethics. Review of Business, 18(3), 20+.
Denhardt, K.G. (1988). The Ethics of Public Service: Resolving Moral Dilemmas in Public Organizations. New York: Greenwood Press.
Code of ethics.
H& Block code of Ethics
H& Block are tax specialists who deal with anything t do with tax calculations, tax returns for organizations as well as any advisory role in anything to do with taxes. They actually describe their role on their website as that of offering "the most trusted state-of-the-art tax preparation experience at a great price for everyone" to their clients. The mission statement of the organization also points towards the same as it is "H& Block's mission is to help our clients achieve their financial objectives by serving as their tax and financial partner." (H& Block, 2006). With the values as being "Our corporate values reflect who we are and the environment we want to maintain." This is an organization that is committed to the satisfaction of their clients and being accountable for the decisions, actions and results that they engage in. This is…
H&R Block, 2006). Code of Business, Ethics & Conduct. Retrieved January 22, 2012 from http://www.hrblock.com/company/investor/gov_guide/2006_code_ethics.pdf
Prof. Richard Norman, (2011). Ethical Formalism: Groundwork of the Metaphysic of Morals,
Contemporary Moral Philosophy. Retrieved January 22, 2012 from http://science.jrank.org/pages/21612/ethical-formalism.html
Code of Ethics
Company X believes in having a clear roadmap for conducting business in a proper and sustainable way. It is for this reason that we have in place a well-developed Code of Ethics -- a statement that seeks to ensure that our conduct of business is consistent with not only the industry best practices, but also all the laws of the land. Organization X is a hypothetical firm that concerns itself with the manufacture and sale of beverages and snacks. Organization X is a multinational business with operations in diverse parts of the world.
Statement of Values
Company X's key ethical values and principles include:
Integrity and Honesty
Company X believes in doing the right thing, at all times. The right thing doesn't not necessarily mean what is good for business, but that which has as positive impact on not only our key stakeholders but also the entire…
Delener, N. (Ed.). (1995). Ethical Issues in International Marketing. Binghamton, NY: International Business Press.
Ferrell, O.C., Fraedrich, J. & Ferrell, L. (2014). Business Ethics: Ethical Decision Making and Cases (10th ed.). Stamford, CT: Cengage Learning.
Jennings, M. (2008). Business Ethics: Case Studies and Selected Readings (6th ed.). Mason, OH: Cengage Learning
Murphy, P.E., Laczniak, G.R. & Prothero, A. (2013). Ethics in Marketing: International Cased and Perspectives. New York, NY: Routledge.
Code of Ethics for the Beacon Corporation
Company Introduction and Background
The Beacon Corporation has been providing banking and financial services to its customers for more than fifty years. Beginning as a small bank and personal consulting firm in northern New Jersey in 1969, this company soon branched out to Wall Street and experienced extreme levels of growth, which ultimately spawned a nation-wide expansion in the early 1990's. With its sound investment strategies and great levels of sustained success and profitability, Beacon Inc. was soon drawing the attention of some of the top investors (both private and institutional) in the country. Thus, in order to facilitate their massive expansion and adequately meet the needs of these hungry investors, the Beacon Corporation became a publicly traded company on the New York Stock Exchange in 1994. After continuing its steady growth and profitability for more than ten years, many key investors and…
Boyce, G. (2008). The Social Relevance of Ethics Education in a Global Era: From Individual Dilemmas to Systemic Crises. Critical Perspectives on Accounting, 19 (2), 255-290.
Cohen, L. (2009). Loyalty-Based Portfolio Choice. The Review of Financial Studies, 22 (3).
Jacobs, R.L. (2009, October 20). Managing Employee Competence: The Global Challenge. Retrieved May 31, 2011, from http://www.onsec.gob.gt/descargas/Presentaciones/TAIWAN%20PRESENTATIONS/Managing%20Employee%20Competence.pdf
Merriam-Webster's New English Dictionary. (2011). "Ethics." Retrieved May 31, 2011, from http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/Terrorism
Code of Ethics
FedEx's Code of Business Conduct and Ethics is available in pdf format at http://fdx.client.shareholder.com/common/download/download.cfm?companyid=FDX&fileid=138778&filekey=6b957b1f-ac83-4b37-835b-8b24e63b338f&filename=code.pdf
A system of inquiry is a series of questions that are used to determine the ethics of a situation. The system of inquiry covers a wide range of subjects including decision-making, problem solving and behavior in a business setting (Ganly, 2010). The first step will be determining the who. FedEx's system of inquiry should involve a panel from a number of different units, in particular mixing different locations as FedEx management is highly centralized. The inquiry should be undertaken when some evidence has been gathered to suggest that there has been some ethical issue. Such inquiries can be expensive, so there should be some hope of coming to a conclusion, and that hope arises only when there is some evidence with which to begin an investigation.
The inquiry should be protected and have…
FedEx Code of Business Conduct and Ethics. Retrieved May 9, 2011 from http://fdx.client.shareholder.com/common/download/download.cfm?companyid=FDX&fileid=138778&filekey=6b957b1f-ac83-4b37-835b-8b24e63b338f&filename=code.pdf
Ganly, S. (2010). Systems of inquiry and business ethics. Yahoo! Associated Content. Retrieved May 9, 2011 from http://www.associatedcontent.com/article/5653076/systems_of_inquiry_and_business_ethics.html?cat=3
This provision includes any contact or request for information or interview, irrespective of any formal accusation or custodial arrest.
This provision does not include civil complaints except those pertaining to or alleging fraud or dishonesty; this provision does include any accusation, whether or not it is ultimately substantiated, that involves domestic or custodial impropriety and/or any application by any person to restrict contact (i.e. judicial order of protection, restraining order, etc.) from an ATSE employee in any state, irrespective of whether or not said application is granted or sustained.
In the case of unsubstantiated accusations, requests for voluntary compliance or submission to interview on the request of any law enforcement agency, ATSE reserves the right to dismiss any ATSE employee who fails to disclose any adverse contact with law enforcement immediately, as required by this provision.
Conflict of Interest:
All ATSE employees must immediately disclose any potential conflict of interests…
Schmalleger, F. (1997) Criminal Justice Today: An Introductory text for the 21st Century. New Jersey: Prentice Hall.
U.S.O.G.E. (2002) Standards of Ethical Conduct for Employees of the Executive Branch: Final Resolution Issued by the U.S. Office of Government Ethics; 10/2/02)
Code of Ethics and Professional Conduct in Education in Florida
The provision of education in Florida is focused primarily on the prerequisite demands of high quality education, from which the students -- of all ages, genders and social categories -- gain and which they can utilize as a source of improved lives.
A primary element which is considered as the integrant party of the high quality of the educational system is represented by the quality of the teachers, namely their own preparation and level of expertise in teaching their subject. Aside from this however, a more salient component of a high quality educational profession -- in Florida, but also in other parts of the globe -- is represented by the ethical conduct.
At the specific level of Florida, the expectations and regulations to which parties in the education system are to obey to are included in the Principles of Professional…
Lambeth, M.W., Upholding Integrity, Florida Department of Education, http://www.fldoe.org/edstandards / last accessed on September 5, 2011
Code of ethics -- Education profession, Florida Department of Education,
Code of Ethics and Professional esponsibility of Paralegals: Canons
The term "canon" is used to refer to rules, standards of conduct, and general maxims that are accepted as fundamentally binding in a particular field or group. There would be no need for laws if all people were innately honest and just. This is not the case, as a significant number of individuals in our society are motivated by selfish desires and conduct themselves in destructive ways. However, people can be constrained from acting in harmful or irresponsible ways by social expectations, as well as by authoritative or governmental bodies that impose and enforce laws, rules, and regulations.
For example, professional groups such as the American Bar Association establish methods of disciplining themselves. These disciplinary standards applied to legal professionals are higher than those applied to the general population, because professionals believe that they must be held to a higher standard.…
The Association of Legal Assistants & Paralegals Code of Ethics & Professional Responsibility. www.nala.org www.law.cornell.edu/ethicsaba
American Bar Association Model Rules of Professional Conduct www.americanbar.org/groups/professional_responsibility/publications/model_rules_of_professional_conduct/model_rules_of_professional_conduct_preamble_scope.html
Code of Ethics for Municipal Officers and Employees
A Clear and Comprehensive Code of Ethics
Ethical equirements of Municipal Office-Bearers and Municipal Officials
According to the Municipal Systems Act of 2000 a municipality is thought to do a lot of things which include:- developing and producing conditions for the local community to partake in the interaction of the municipality; contributing to the capacity construction of neighboring communities to authorize them to contribute in its dealings (Department of Constitutional Development, 1998); expressing its resources and finances yearly towards the formation of suitable participatory circumstances and constructing such capacity.
The purpose of this act is to establish minimum standards of ethical conduct for municipal officers and employees to help ensure that the business of government is free from improper influence that may result from opportunities for private gain. At the same time, it is recognized that public service cannot require…
Atkinson, Doreen. (2002). The Passion to Govern. Paper prepared for the Centre for Policy Studies, Johannesburg.
Bahl, Roy W. (2002). Implementation Rules for Fiscal Decentralization: In Poverty and Fiscal Policy: Decentralization of Institutions, ed. M. Govinda Rao. New Delhi: Oxford University Press.
Bahl, Roy W., and David Solomon. (2000). The Regional Services Council Levy: Evaluation and Reform Options: Unpublished paper presented to the National Treasury, Pretoria.
Bird, Richard. (2003). Asymmetric Fiscal Decentralization: Glue or Solvent? Andrew Young School of Public Studies, Georgia State University, Atlanta.
The importance of ethical and professional conduct cannot be overemphasized. This is particularly true for the field of project management. According to the Project Management Institute (PMI) (2016), project management professionals have a responsibility to make “the best possible decisions concerning people, resources and the environment.” Ethical decisions reduce risk, ensure positive outcomes, build trust, and influence long term success. Based on this premise, procurement practitioners, who comprise crucial players in the project management field, must constantly act ethically. This paper briefly explains the development of a code of ethics for project procurement professionals. Attention is specifically paid to best practices from other industries and key decisions made during the development of the code. The developed code is attached in the appendix.
The code was developed by referring to the PMI (2016) code of ethics for project management professionals as well as codes of ethics for procurement professionals in various…
Part I: In this forum you are asked to compare the Model Code of Ethics for Educators (MCEE) and your own (Kentucky) state's Code of Ethics.
One aspect of the Model Code of Ethics for Educators (MCEE) I appreciated was its specificity and comprehensiveness. The MCEE addresses issues such as information literacy and specific aspects of the student-teacher relationship that the Code of Ethics for Educators for the State of Kentucky does not. For example, the MCEE addresses issues such as the need for teachers to avoid plagiarism in the material they publish as a way of setting a good example for students and the need to promote information literacy. It also stresses the requirement to keep relationships with students professional, to avoid the appearance of bias. In contrast, the Kentucky code simply stresses the need to strive towards excellence, without defining precisely what excellence might be for an educator.…
Trash or Treasure - Case Study
Ethics is an important issue in the field of public administration since it provides accountability between the administration and the public. To enhance accountability, public administrators, public service leaders and other stakeholders in this field are required to adhere to a code of ethics. The code of ethics gives these professionals guidelines for integrity in their work and helps to ensure the public receives its needs in a fair manner (Academic Partnerships, 2016). However, not every professional in the field adheres to the code of ethics because of various factors such as corruption and greed. This paper analyzes the ethical dilemma in the City of Sunville that has left the Deputy Director of Transportation torn apart on what to say during the regularly scheduled monthly City Council meeting.
General Statement of the Ethical Dilemma
The ethical scenario in the City of Sunville is the…
Foxtrot Phone Scandal - Case Study
Ethical dilemmas and issues are common in different areas in public and private sectors. These dilemmas and issues are attributable to the emergence of different situations in the work setting. Therefore, addressing these issues is critical toward promoting a suitable work environment and interactions with others. Cooper (2012) states that a decision making model is essential in addressing ethical issues as it helps in moving from a problem to developing a course of action to resolve the issue. An example of an ethical dilemma or issue relates to Foxtrot Phone Scandal. Foxtrot Company comprises nearly one hundred cadets from all four classes in the United States Coast Guard Academy. The company is one of the eight firms that constitute the Corps of Cadets. Cadets in this class at the academy are committed to the values of honor and dedication to duty. The ethical dilemma…
In terms of the public, values and principles should be kept in mind during the teaching process, while obligation to the profession entails integrity in terms of official documentation as well as towards colleagues.
Personally, I found the obligation to allow students to obtain alternative viewpoints the most striking. This is important not only to me as teacher in my particular situation, but also because I have had experiences where this was not allowed. As an educator, it is unacceptable for a person to assume that only one viewpoint is correct. Indeed, in all my teaching endeavors I try to emphasize to students how there seldom is only one viewpoint. Admittedly, the stronger my view of a particular issue, the harder it is to remain open enough to alternative views from students or colleagues, but I am aware of this, and I do try to maintain an open mind.
In life and in business, there are situations that challenge, question, and test an individual's set of personal and professional ethics. Ethics is a crucial element to sustain a society as well as an organization. This paper will discuss several issues regarding the practice of ethics and the practice of leadership within organizations. The kind of leadership an organization maintains and models for employees plays a significant role in the practice of ethical conduct within the organization as well as ethical conduct during business practices with parties outside of the organization, including suppliers and consumers. As part of this discussion, the paper identifies prominent issues regarding leadership ethics in organizations, factors that directly contribute to the practice or lack of ethics on the individual and organizational levels. With analysis and references to relevant texts, the paper proposes an ethical code for a fictitious company such that there…
Dorasamy, N. (2010) Enhancing an ethical culture through purpose -- directed leadership for improved public service delivery: A case for South Africa. African Journal of Business Management, 4(1), 56 -- 64.
Stanwick, P.A., & Stanwick, S.D. (2009). Understanding business ethics. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall.
Waggoner, J. (2010) Ethics and Leadership: How Personal Ethics Produce Effective Leaders. CMC Senior Theses, Available from: http://scholarship.claremont.edu/cmc_theses/26 . 30 June 2012.
First, I would not allow the employee to resign yet. The employee clearly shows remorse and is aware that his actions were related more to the stress in his personal life than to an ongoing problem in the workplace. After seven years of dedicated work, this employee deserves a second chance. The severity of the ethical infraction is low, meaning that the employee can remain with the county jail system. Moreover, the ethical codes of corrections officers are often relatively loose. For example, American Jail Association (2012) corrections officers pledge to maintain "a positive demeanor when confronted with stressful situations of scorn, ridicule, danger, and/or chaos." A "positive demeanor" can be interpreted in a number of ways. However, in this case, our officer did not maintain a positive demeanor and can be proven to have violated the code. The same officer upheld his oath to report "either in…
American Academy of Criminal Justice Sciences (2000). Code of ethics. Retrieved online: http://www.acjs.org/pubs/167_671_2922.cfm
American Jail Association (2012). Code of Ethics for Jail Officers. Retrieved online: http://www.aja.org/ethics.aspx
grey areas associated with medical ethics is that executive personnel in the medical community are not always subject to the same rigorous ethical codes that other workers in the field are. Arthur Lazarus notes, "American Medical Association (AMA) Principles of Medical Ethics provides norms for treating patients, but provides little guidance for physician executives in terms of helping their organizations comply with legal and regulatory requirements, avoiding litigation, improving productivity and quality and building organizational trust and integrity."
This is particularly true regarding executive practitioners in nontraditional medical fields and private practice. Fundamentally, the wide variety of organizational settings in modern medicine can generate an atmosphere where the straightforward application of any single code of ethics is simply not possible. Additionally, modern ethical codes need "to reflect the medical technology industry's unique relationships with health care professionals."
So, while the doctrines set forward by the AMA, American Psychiatric Association, American…
1. American Psychiatric Association. (2001). "The Principles of Medical Ethics with Annotations Especially Applicable to Psychiatry." American Psychiatric Association: http://www.psych.org/psych_pract/ethics/ppaethics.cfm .
2. Childs, Blair. (2005). "Decoding the Different Ethical Codes and Guidance." Journal of Health Care Compliance. Frederick: Jan/Feb. Vol. 7, Iss. 1.
3. Lazarus, Arthur. (2004). "The Moral Obligations of Physician Executives." Physician Executive, Tampa: Nov/Dec. Vol. 30, Iss. 6.
Lazarus, Arthur. (2004). "The Moral Obligations of Physician Executives." Physician Executive, Tampa: Nov/Dec. Vol. 30, Iss. 6. Page, 40.
a) Changes in APA Public Policy
According to several changes made in APA Public policy with relation to the role of psychologists in the interrogations session, APA has prohibited its psychologists from taking part in the varied torture or cruel, inhuman or degrading interrogation techniques by stating, "No psychiatrist should participate directly in the interrogation of persons held in custody by military or civilian investigative or law enforcement authorities, whether in the United States or elsewhere. Direct participation includes being present in the interrogation room, asking or suggesting questions, or advising authorities on the use of specific techniques of interrogation with particular detainees (Pope, 2008, Psychologists at the Center of the Controversy)." urthermore, it was asserted through referendum which took place in 2008 that psychologists must not operate outside territories which are under the jurisdiction of international law such as Guantanamo, Bagram, or the CIA or JSOC "black site" prisons,…
Furthermore, since APA complies with United Nations definition of human rights, it can be implied that APA's definition of human rights includes universality and inalienability. The principle of universality of human rights is the cornerstone of international human rights law. This principle, as first emphasized in the Universal Declaration on Human Rights in 1948, has been reiterated in numerous international human rights conventions, declarations, and resolutions (UNHR, 1996). Hence, APA recognizes humans to have rights which cannot be taken away (APA, 1987).
Impact of U.S. Policies on Detainees
Where treaties like Geneva Convention and convention against torture and other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment, prohibit any inhumane behavior resulting into physical and mental distress, there are no governing bodies to supervise the law and order agencies as an organization like APA has been
In order to truly be judged by his/her peers, a physician in an outlying area like Redding should be periodically visited by others to evaluate outcomes.
It is clear that Tenet's top management failed its ethical responsibilities in two ways: (1) they failed to reinforce the ethical guidelines central to any hospital or medical management group, and (2) they failed to monitor the performance of their institutions to insure that they were ethically compliant.
How Individual's Professional Conduct is Guided or Not Guided by the Code of Ethics.
Individuals in the medical profession take an oath to conduct themselves in an ethical manner. Nurses have a 9-point oath, which is fairly far-reaching. Physicians' oaths are shorter, but no less binding. Since each profession (this includes firemen, lawyers and accountants, not just healthcare professionals) has an important 'self-policing' element, the primary enforcer of ethical conduct is the professional his/herself.
City Data. (2007). Redding, California. Retrieved August 10, 2007, from City-Data: http://www.city-data.com/city/Redding-California.html
Weintraub, a. (2002, November 25). A Scandal-Ridden Tenet Stands by Its Man. Business Week, p. n.p.
Wynne, M. (2003, July). Tenet Healthcare, Scandal in General Hospitals. Retrieved August 10, 2007, from U. Of Washington: http://www.uow.edu.au/arts/sts/bmartin/dissent/documents/health/tenet2002story.html
There are about 2 million angioplasties done in the U.S. each year. Given Redding's size, that means that about 1,500 angioplasties per year should be performed in that town. In fact, over 7,000 were performed per year.
medical field is one that is populated with professionals whom non-medical individuals do not think about every day; yet these professionals profoundly affect the care received and in many cases the life or death of an individual being treated by the medical community. Individuals such as a radiology technician, a dietician, or even the assistant who carries medications to patients can be an integral part of a patient's treatment and survival. Emergency Medical Technicians are often the first responders to a trauma or sudden illness and, as such, may be a patient's only interaction with the medical community. In emergency situations, these individuals become especially important and, as a result, have more complex roles to play.
The role of the Emergency Medical Technician, or EMT, is highly involved and constantly evolving. hat is considered proper procedure on one day may change in the next, with advances and discoveries in medical…
Annas, G., 2004. The Rights of Patients. Carbondale, IL: Southern Illinois University Press .
n, Tuma, Dolen-Sewell, Borja and Fleischman 2004. "Ethical Issues Pertaining to Research in the Aftermath of Disaster," Journal of Traumatic Stress, 17:5.
Gillespie, C., 1978. "The EMT Code of Ethics," published online at www.naemt.org/aboutNAEMT/EMTCodeOfEthics.htm
Ethical Case Using the Applied Ethical Decision Model
Recognize the Ethical Issue
In the case in question, there is certainly a clear-cut ethical lapse on behalf of young Julia. Her failure to appropriately inform her clients of the potential risks associated with their newly proposed investments was dishonest and selfish. This lack of full disclosure certainly undermines the trust that these clients have put in her hands. Even the formulation of a relationship with the securities salesman is highly unethical. As an objective member of a financial planning firm, Julia must approach her job and her client recommendations with an opened and unbiased mind. Having a business relationship that would potentially award her personal gains for professional consideration unquestionably coincides with Julia's equitable responsibility to her customers.
Evaluate Alternative Actions
In this case, the consequences of Julia's unethical behavior can have massive effects on the lives of her clients.…
The importance of the code of ethics in nursing
The Code of Ethics forms the foundation for candidates who aspire to join the nursing occupation. The guide is an indispensable set of standards that every nurse must embrace. It also acts as a reminder about their social responsibilities and commitments as nurses. The Code of Ethics further stipulates that nurses should enhance their learning together with evidence-based service. The transformations in the code depend on both moral variations and societal ideals (Y?ld?z, 2019). This section of the papers highlights the code's significance specifically for a Registered Nurse (RN). To attain this milestone, the paper identifies the American Nurses Association Standards of Practice that focuses on nurses' licensure. The paper refers to scholarly sources to support the significance of the code.
The nursing practice involves decisions that oscillate between life and death. Ethics are hence essential in the maintenance of nursing…
American Nurses Association (2010). Nursing: Scope and standards of practice. Silver Spring, MD: American Nurses Association.
Davis, C. (2014). The importance of professional standards. Nursing Made Incredibly Easy!, Volume 12(Issue 5) - p 4.
Gibbons, S. W., & Jeschke, E. A. (2016). Nursing ethics: A lifelong commitment. Annual review of nursing research, 34(1), 1-14.
Y?ld?z, E. (2019). Ethics in nursing: A systematic review of the framework of evidence perspective. Nursing Ethics, 26(4), 1128-1148.
ETHICAL DILEMMAS IN THE PACTICE OF FOENSIC PSYCHOLOGY
Professional code of ethics regulates the behavior and practicing of individuals from different fields. Psychologists conform to the stated professional code of ethics that guide them in the provision of safe and quality services to their clients. Similarly, psychologists can practice in firms, including the law to aid in forensic examination of the convicted individuals. As such, it may require the application of the law code of ethics and psychological code of ethics, a fact that might present a significant challenge to them. Therefore, the following analysis identifies the standards of ethics psychologist (Dr. Joven) faces when practicing forensic psychology.
Dr. Joven has to follow numerous ethical standards guiding his professional practice as a future forensic psychologist. He will have to ensure confidentiality of the information of his clients. Confidentiality entails respecting one's right of privacy to the extent applicable,…
APA Ethics Code Commentary and Case Illustrations. (n.d.). http://www.apa.org. Retrieved May 8, 2014, from http://www.apa.org/education/ce/1360279.aspx
Bush, S.S., Connell, M.A., & Denney, R.L. (2006). Ethical practice in forensic psychology: A systematic model for decision-making. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.
Ethics Rounds -- APA's Ethical Principles of Psychologists and Code of Conduct: An ethics code for all psychologists? (n.d.). http://www.apa.org. Retrieved May 8, 2014, from http://www.apa.org/monitor/sep06/ethics.aspx
Zapf, P.A., Hart, S.D., & Roesch, R. (2013). Forensic psychology and law. Hoboken, N.J: Wiley
Ethics in Public Administration
orking in the City Hall Supervisor Office, the code of ethics include accurately representing areas of competence, education, training, experience, and professional affiliations, including from boards and colleagues. Make employees aware of consumer rights to privacy and confidentiality. Obtain ongoing supervisory training. Make employees aware of ethical standards and legal responsibilities. Shall avoid conflict of interests. Shall not promote personal, religious, political, financial, or business interests. Personal issues shall be addressed with supervision only. Shall not supervise own relatives or 'significant relationships' (boyfriend, girlfriend, etc.). Shall be honest and uphold integrity. Supervision shall be professional and in a consistent manner without discrimination towards others. ill not delegate responsibilities outside the scope of individual capabilities. Shall not exploit employees for financial gain. And, shall not instruct employees in ways to violate the code of ethics.
Ethical standards are especially important in public administration to advance public interest…
Code of Ethics (revised March 2013). (2013, Mar). Retrieved from American Society for Public Administration: http://www.aspanet.org/public/ASPA/Resources/...1.aspx?hkey=acd40318-a945-ba7b-18e037b1a858
Lindblom, C.E. (n.d.). The Science of Muddling Through. In Classics in Public Administration (pp. 177-187).
Maslow, A.H. (n.d.). A Theory of Human Motivation. In Classics of Public Administration (pp. 123-130).
McGregor, D.M. (n.d.). The Human Side of Enterprise. In Classics in Public Administration (pp. 171-176).
company code of ethics for Boeing. In this document I will explore Boeing's code and attempt to reveal important items relevant to understanding how a functional code of ethics may be applied to a large organization. I will first describe a general background of the company to help provide context in this evaluation. Next, I will give an overview of the code of conduct and highlight important details that are worthy of discussion. This paper will also include how this code of ethics can be applied to the differing levels of responsibility and accountability within the company itself. I will also examine a recent specific case study of ethical violations within Boeing to help test the validity and quality of this company's attitude towards ethics. This specific case will help understand important factors on the stability and feasibility of their ethical codes and programs.
Boeing's company website describes the…
Boeing Corporate Website. Ethics. Viewed 31 Aug 2012. Retrieved from http://www.boeing.com/companyoffices/aboutus/ethics/hotline.html#howto
Reeder, J. & Hickey, D. (2005). Boeing strengthens, enhances ethics program. National Defense. February 2005. Retrieved from http://www2.gtlaw.com/pub/articles/2005/reederj05a.pdf
Richman, D. (2005, Mar 7). Analysis: Boeing conduct code worked properly, expert says. Seatllepi.com. Retrieved from http://www.seattlepi.com/business/article/Analysis - Boeing-conduct-code-worked-properly-1168027.php
They are a great source of strength and I will honor them while remaining true to myself.
I am committed to lifelong learning and I will constantly strive to advance my knowledge and skills in the field by attending conferences and clinics, and reading the current literature.
I will strive to be a contributing member of society, both professionally and personally. I value education and lifelong learning and will continue to expand my knowledge by attending classes. I also understand the value of work and feel that it is a necessary and constructive part of my life. I will continue to make myself more valuable to my employer by attending seminars and training and by doing my best for the company.
Continually improve my skills as a person and as an employee through educational enhancement programs to perform my job in a timely way at a high level of excellence.…
Beasley, M.S. & Jenkins, J.G. (2003). A primer for brainstorming fraud risks: There are good and bad ways to conduct brainstorming sessions. Journal of Accountancy, 196(6), 32.
Beker, M. (2004). Screenwriting with a conscience: Ethics for screenwriters. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
Hancock, J. (2003, May 10). Personal code of ethics. Jill Hancock. [Online]. Available: http://www-distance.syr.edu/jillh.html.
Nash, R.J. (2002). Spirituality, ethics, religion, and teaching: A professor's journey. New York: Peter Lang.
Company X has faith in its employees to utilize their own ethical judgment in conjunction with the rules and standards set forth by the company in order to assure that actions within the company are performed at an optimal level across the board.
Implementation and Communication
In order to assure that a code of ethics is implemented to the best of its ability into a company, gradual implementation must be used along with clear communication as to each step of the process in order to assure that the code of ethics is fully understood and used within the company by its employees.
In order to begin implementation, a checklist regarding steps needed to begin code adherence could prove helpful in providing a smooth transition into code use. In the early stages of implementation, it is crucial that as many people as possible -- employees included -- are involved in both…
Emerson, T., McKinney, J. And Neubert, M. (2010). "The effects of ethical codes on ethical perceptions of actions toward stakeholders." Journal of Business Ethics. 97:1. p. 505-516. Retrieved from: ProQuest Database.
Gaumnitz, B. And Lere, J. (2007). "Codes of ethics with impact." The CPA Journal. 15:1.
p. 106. Retrieved from: LexisNexis Database.
Godkin, L. And Valentine, S. (2009). "Ethics, social responsibility, and ethical reasoning in an education-based center: when doing good results in good employees." Journal of Leadership, Accountability and Ethics. 7:3. p. 1-18. Retrieved from: ProQuest Database.
There is no mention of any higher level ethical ideals and is composed primarily of transactional or procedural items.
One item of interest found in the employees ethical code published by Wells Fargo, is that they have established what they call EthicsLine. This allows employees to contact an investigator (employed by Wells Fargo) to report any violations of the ethics code. The line is anonymous under most circumstances; only reports that involve criminal activity are require that the caller states any personal information. This allows employees an avenue to report any unethical behavior safely. This is extraordinarily efficient way to promote ethical behavior. However, Wells Fargo did not implement this item by choice; it is now required by corporations by comply with the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2006. Therefore, it is unclear if Wells Fargo would have this option if it was not required of them.
Wells Fargo has…
Along with this code of ethics, there are other ethics and standards developed by the AASW, including Australian Social Work Education and Accreditation Standards, specific practice standards for supervision, mental health social workers, and school social workers, along with practice standards for all social workers.
Australian Association of Social Workers. (2010) Australian Association of Social Workers Code of Ethics, Canberra: AASW.
Australian Association of Social Workers. (2006) Continuing Professional Education Policy, Canberra: AASW.
anks, S. (2001) Ethics and Values In Social Work, London: McMillan Press.
Congress, E. (1999) Social Work Values and Ethics: Identifying and Resolving Professional Dilemmas, Chicago: Nelson Hall.
Holland, T.P. And Kilpatrick, A.C. (1991) "Ethical Issues in Social Work: Toward a Grounded Theory of Professional Ethics," Social Work, 36(2), 138-144.
McAuliffe, Donna. (Summer 2009) "I'm Still Standing: Impacts and Consequences of Ethical Dilemmas for Social Workers In Direct Practice," Journal of Social Work Values and Ethics,…
Australian Association of Social Workers. (2010) Australian Association of Social Workers Code of Ethics, Canberra: AASW.
Australian Association of Social Workers. (2006) Continuing Professional Education Policy, Canberra: AASW.
Banks, S. (2001) Ethics and Values In Social Work, London: McMillan Press.
Congress, E. (1999) Social Work Values and Ethics: Identifying and Resolving Professional Dilemmas, Chicago: Nelson Hall.
AAMFT Code of Ethics
Is it enough to know and follow the AAMFT Code of Ethics? Why or why not?
Yes, it is enough to know and follow American Association for Marriage and Family Therapy (AAMFT) code of ethics. AAMFT codes of ethics set standard for the ethical practice in the therapeutic profession which guides the conducts of therapists. Typically, AAMFT ethical standard defines the professional expectations that marriage and family therapists should follow, and AAMFT code of ethics covers all aspects of therapeutic practice which include responsibility of a therapist to clients and the confidentiality of client information which a therapist should respect at all time. While both law and ethics govern the practices of marriage and family therapists, however, AAMFT code of ethics is an essential tool that a marriage and family therapist must consult when making decision regarding the professional practice.
In addition, AAMFT code of ethics…
American Association for Marriage and Family Therapy. (2011). Code of Ethics. Retrieved 24 December 2011 From http://www.aamft.org/imis15/content/legal_ethics/code_of_ethics.aspx
Wilcoxon, A., Remly, T., Gladding, S.T., & Huber, C.H. (2007). Ethical, legal, and Professional Issues in the Practice of Marriage and Family Therapy Upper Saddle River, N.J.: Pearson Merrill Prentice Hall.
ANA Nursing Code of Ethics
ANA Code of Ethics Applied to Current Practice Philosophy
The objective of this study is to discuss provisions one through nine of the ANA Code of Ethics and apply it to the current practice philosophy. A well this work will discuss provisions seven through nine of the ANA Code of Ethics and apply it to the current practice philosophy and answer how the two relate. The differences between professional responsibility and accountability in the nursing practice will be discussed and examples provided. Finally, this study seeks to answer after what has been learned in addition to readings and self-assessment activities what can be implemented in the practice that would strengthen this experience for one's peers and in terms of self-development on the Novice to Professional continuum.
The American Nurse Administration Code of Ethics Provision One states that the nurse practices, in all professional relationships "with…
Bamford, M, Wong CA and Laschinger H (2012) The Influence of Authentic Leadership and Areas of Worklife on Work Engagement of Registered Nurses. J Nurs Manag 2012 26 Apr. Retrieved from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/?term=nurse+ethics
Butts, JB (nd) Ethics in Professional Nursing Practice. Chapter 3. Jones and Bartlett Publishers. Retrieved from: http://www.jblearning.com/samples/0763748986/48986_ch03_pass3.pdf
Code of Ethics for Nurses with Interpretive Statements (2010) Nursing World. Retrieved from: http://nursingworld.org/FunctionalMenuCategories/AboutANA/Leadership-Governance/Nursing-Code-of-Ethics.pdf
Dahnke, MD (2009) The Role of the American Nurses Association Code in Ethical Decision Making. Holist Nurs Pract 2009. Mar-Apr;23(2):112-9. Retrieved from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19258853
Raytheon Corporation: Code of conduct and ethics
Raytheon Company is a well reputed technology and innovation company which deals in security, defense and civil marketson a global scale. It has a rich and bright history of 92 years and continuing, Raytheon can provide top of the line electronics, integration of mission systems as well as other capabilities indicated below:
• Sensing capabilities
• Command and control
• Intelligence systems
• A diverse array of mission support services
Raytheon was one of the first startups, which were founded in Cambridge in Massachusetts Institute of Technology on July of 1922. It was started as an American appliance corporation (Raytheon Company, 2014).
The founder of the company was three associates namely:
• Vannevar ush (future dean of engineering department of MIT)
• Charles G. Smith (scientist notable for his work on electrical characteristics of gases)
• Laurence Marshall…
Akamai Technologies. (2014). Code of ethics. Retrieved from www.akamai.com/html/policies/code_ethics.html
Corrections Corporations of America. (2005). A guide to our code of ethics and business conduct. Retrived from https://www.cca.com/Media/Default/documents/Social-Responsibility/Fostering-Meaningful-Careers/Code_of_Ethics.pdf
Chunhua, C., & Yihan, N. (n.d.). How to Motivate Employees' Ethical Behavior-Based On Management Control Theory. Retrieved from http://www.seiofbluemountain.com/upload/product/201010/2010qychzh05a2.pdf
Department of Education, Training and the Arts. (2011). Code of conduct. Retrieved from http://deta.qld.gov.au/right-to-information/pdf/codecond.pdf
SJP Code of Ethics to run most of these photographs. An exception may be made with respect to the EMTs doing their jobs. Photographs of grief, and raw emotion, are frequently nominated and win awards for photojournalism. While such photographs might be seen as violating the harm principle with respect to showing compassion or the fact that the family are not public figures, the grief is part of the story, and the common use of such photographs in the media points to them being acceptable. Further, this "boldly tells the story of the diversity and magnitude of the human experience."
The photographs of the paramedics working on the boy are likely to be insensitive. Getting in the way of such work would be entirely in contravention of "private people have a greater right to control information about themselves…" but also that the victim here is a young boy. It is…
PRIVACY and CONFIDENTIAL INFORMATION
Protection and safeguarding of information created in the conduct of Lenox Hill
Hospital and its affiliates business including patient information, staff data, financial data, research data, strategic plans, statistical information, purchasing agreements and contracts.
The words information created are an unnecessary limitation that narrow the applicability of the provision, contrary to its obvious intent to apply as broadly as possible. Under a literal interpretation, the provision, as drafted, does not apply to any of the types of information listed unless that information is "created" by the hospital.
Therefore, a better formulation of that portion of the provision would read as follows:
Protection and safeguarding of any and all information created, accessed, maintained, collected, transmitted, duplicated, or utilized by the hospital or by any of the hospital's employees, agents, associates, consultants, contractors, and any other person or entity affiliated in any way with the hospital..."
ANA Codes of Ethics for Nurses have been created with the purpose of ensuring that nurses provide clients with the best possible level of service in a way that focuses on patient needs. There are nine codes of ethics, each of which will be discussed with a professional example.
The first Code relates to the nurse's professional relationships, which are to be conducted with a focus on the inherent dignity and worth of individuals, regardless of specific considerations such as health problems or social status. Professionally, a nurse would therefore treat a poverty-stricken AIDS victim with the same dignity and respect as the President of the United States, should both be patients in the care of the hospital.
Secondly, the nurse is primarily committed to the patient, in terms of an individual, family, group, or community. Professionally, this means that nothing in the nurse's professional or private life should be…
American Nurses Association. Code of Ethics. Retrieved from: http://nursingworld.org/Mobile/Code-of-Ethics
Police Officers and the Law Enforcement Code of Ethics
Many professions, including law enforcement, maintain a code of ethics to provide general guidelines for practitioners who are routinely confronted with ethical dilemmas that defy easy resolution. This paper reviews the literature to determine what a Law Enforcement Code of Ethics (the "Code") has to say about the acts of a police officer and the extent to which these guidelines are open to interpretation due to vagaries in content or guidance. In addition, recommendations for improving the Code are followed by a summary of the research and important findings concerning these issues in the conclusion.
Like the legal and healthcare professions, law enforcement officers have an ethical responsibility to their fellow officers, their organization as well as the general public they are committed to protect and serve. These obligations make a code of ethics an integral part of the law enforcement…
Grant, J. K. (2009, December). Ethics and law enforcement. FBI Law Enforcement Bulletin, 71(12), 11-14.
Stephens, N. (2006, November). Law enforcement ethics do not begin when you pin on the badge. The FBI Law Enforcement Bulletin, 75(11), 22-24.
Game Time Sporting Goods: Code of Ethics
Game Time Sporting Goods is a family owned and operated sporting goods store that has been in business for more than 25 years. It has four local outlets around the city and two main warehouses. It has more than 150 employees including head management and members of the Board, who are in the majority members of the family that founded Game Time.
In order to provide guidance on business ethical culture and employee ethical training, Game Time has chosen to develop a Code of Ethics that expresses the core principles, guidelines, purposes, values, educational drift, and definitions related to what it means to work for and be a part of the Game Time family. The Game Time motto is "God First, Family Always, and Business for the Sake of Sport" and this motto underlines the core values that we have come to associate…
Castka, P., Bamber, C., Sharp, J. (2015). Implementing Effective Corporate Social
Responsibility and Corporate Governance: A Framework. UK: British Standards Institution.
Friedman, A., Miles, S. (2012). Developing Stakeholder Theory. Journal of Management Studies, 39(1): 1-21.
Gallo, C. (2013). How Southwest and Virgin America Win by Putting People Before
Codes of Conduct
Describe your company and benchmark the codes of conduct used by similar companies. Critique the codes of conduct for three other companies.
Benchmark codes: The code of conduct for my company (a newspaper publisher in a small town) is quite straightforward and unsophisticated. Basic to the code for my company are ethical issues which are in effect behavioral issues: there shall be no use or profanity, no alcohol or drug use, no wagering and no activities that detract from the daily routine. The federal laws against discrimination (based on gender, ethnicity, age, disabilities and other issues), and sexual harassment, are clearly spelled out in the code of conduct. Also federal laws pertaining to the workplace are posted conspicuously in several areas, including the cafeteria.
Our company also warns against conflicts of interest, that is, using one's position or the knowledge an employee has to some kind of…
Los Angeles Times. (2007). Readers' Representative Journal / L.A. Times Ethics Guidelines.
Retrieved June 10, 2013, from http://latimesblogs.latimes.com .
Myers, Steve. (2012). Sacramento Bee fires Bryan Patrick for photo manipulation. Poynter.
Retrieved June 10, 2013, from http://www.poynter.org .
Priority of values should be identified so as to aid the organization avoid breaking laws by following the stipulated requirements of operation.
The top three of four values should be reviewed to help the organization determine which values currently help it fulfill its mandate. For example, in the accounting department, the organization should identify accuracy and confidentiality as the key values to the success of the department. Values needed to identify current issues should be brought to fore. This should be done by selecting a few people to interview the members of the organization in identifying key areas that require attention in the organization. Out of the issues identified, determine which ones are ethical and device ways in which the organization can solve them.
It should be noted that not all remedies can be obtained for any ethical dilemma that might arise. Emphasis should be made on dilemmas that don't…
Ethics Code: Importance of Written Form
A written code of ethics is highly important for the corrections system, for the simple fact that it greatly assists in keeping corrections personnel both honest and forthright in the carrying out of their duties. Additionally, a written code of ethics is fairly significant to the carrying out of various jobs performed within correctional institutions because there are a number of disparate parties that have a vested interest in the fulfillment of the obligations of those working within corrections. Such people of interest within the ethical stewardship of responsibility within correctional institutions not only include inmates, but "the families of such persons, the general public, and…commercial and industrial firms, with whom the Department does business" (State of New Jersey, 1978). To that end, it is highly significant to have a written code of ethical standards to ensure to such different people and organizations that…
Most ethical codes that members of corrections have to adhere to contain information that is not altogether different from ethical standards that can be found within other professions. Common components of such codes include employees not accepting any forms of bribes or gifts which might influence their work, or not undertaking any other sort of employment of formal interest which would conflict with the correct way of carrying out of one's job. The actual significance of having such a written code, of course, lies in its enforcement. According to guidelines approved by the Executive Commission on Ethical Standards and promulgated into effect on September 1, 1978, the violation of the written code was "cause for removal, suspension, demotion or other disciplinary action by the Department" (State of New Jersey, 1978). The value of the code, then, is in the disciplinary measures that may be taken to keep members of the corrections department honest in the performance of their respective jobs.
In terms of leadership from the top of such an organization as a department of corrections, it is fairly integral to have managerial or administrative support of such codes of ethics. One of the primary reasons why the involvement of those in the upper echelons of authority in a department of corrections is so vital is because oftentimes, it is this body which determines whether or not punishments should be disseminated, as well as whether or not there have been any transgressions of the ethical code of conduct. This fact is closely alluded to in the flowing quotation. "No disciplinary action shall be taken, however, except upon the referral of or with the approval of the Executive Commission on Ethical Standards" (State of New Jersey, 1978). In this case, the Executive Commission on Ethical Standards is the governing body which oversees issues of ethics related to a corrections department, and is the basis for any potential violations of ethics that may occur.
Furthermore, there is evidence that indicates that the code of ethics which members of corrections departments must adhere to is merely part
With the Starbucks code of conduct, there are a few goods things. First, it touches on a wide range of subjects. There are actually several different reports such as human rights, social responsibility, health care, animal welfare and supplier code of conduct (Starbucks.com, 2014). Second, I like the fact that it addresses the farmers from whom the company buys its beans -- these are people doing manual labor in hot countries, band often do not receive a living wage. So that is good. Third, I like that the company has targets and tracks some of its social responsibility outcomes. This will help the company to improve its social responsibility performance, as well as its ethical performance.
As for the McDonalds statement the company also reflects social responsibility in its statement. This is something that McDonalds has been forced to address by protests and negative publicity and there isn't any…
McDonalds. (2014). Standards of business conduct for employees. About McDonalds.com. Retrieved April 11, 2014 from http://www.aboutmcdonalds.com/mcd/investors/corporate_governance/codes_of_conduct/standards_of_business_conduct.html
Starbucks.com (2014). Starbucks on the issues. Starbucks. Retrieved April 11, 2014 from http://www.starbucks.ca/responsibility/learn-more/policies
Ethics in Law Enforcement
"Sometimes [police officers] may, and sometimes may not, lie when conducting custodial interrogations. Investigative and interrogatory lying are each justified on utilitarian crime control grounds. Police are never supposed to lie as witnesses in the courtroom, although they may lie for utilitarian reasons similar to those permitting deception & #8230;" (Skolnick, et al., 1992)
Is it ethical for law enforcement officers to use deception during the interrogation process? It appears that when officers are attempting to extract a confession from a suspect, deception is, in many cases, commonly applied strategy. Does a code of ethics conflict with the way in which law enforcement conducts its interviews and interrogations? hat do the courts say about deceptive interrogation tactics? These issues will be reviewed in this paper.
Deception in the Interrogation Room
Is it ethical to lie to obtain the truth? No. Do the ends justify the means?…
Braswell, Michael C. (2011). Justice, Crime, and Ethics. Maryland Heights, MO: Elsevier.
Leo, Richard A. (2009). Police Interrogation and American Justice. Cambridge, MA: Harvard
McMullen, Patrick M. (2005). Questioning the Questions: The Impermissibility of Police
Deception in Interrogations of Juveniles. Northwestern University Law Review, 99(2),
Ethics are often stronger than the laws of the land. Laws are cobbled together by special interests and have little to do with right and wrong, or personal ethical codes. For most people, their own personal codes of ethics will be stronger than the laws. People are much less likely to violate their own personal ethical codes than the laws.
Morals are codes of conduct put forward by a society, often within the context of a cultural or social group. Ethics are, following the Aristotelian tradition, a general guide to behavior that an individual adopts as his own guide to life (Gert, 2011). The relationship between the two is self-evident: while ethics are individual they are often strongly influenced by society's moral context.
Kohlberg (1971) outlined morals are being pre-conventional, conventional and post-conventional. Pre-conventional morals are in the obedience and punishment orientation and the self-interest orientation. Like when you learn…
Anderson, K. (2009). Ethnographic research: A key to strategy. Harvard Business Review. Retrieved February 17, 2014 from http://hbr.org/2009/03/ethnographic-research-a-key-to-strategy/ar/1
Gert, B. (2011). The definition of morality. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Retrieved February 17, 2014 from http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/morality-definition/
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Ethics add to the beauty of profession whether medicine, healthcare, sociology, politics, education, business and even technology. Lack of ethics might not kill someone in most of cases but it certainly does affect the beauty of life. In psychology, ethics does play a role in developing trust between the client and the professional. Single parenting is a social psychology problem that also demands ethical practice since it deals with trust and confidence. Whatever is a different behavior from normal practices might need psychological guidance. Often there is a need to train people, couples, students, job candidates and single parents. The psychologists are bound by social contract. They do not only have to follow the job description but also have to meet the expectations of the clients and the industry in terms of ethical performance. While the dignity of the profession matters most in psychology. From decision…
Canadian Psychological Association, (2000), Canadian Code of Ethics for Psychologists, Retrieved
According to the dictionary definition, ethics refer to the "set of principles of right conduct, or more specifically, "the rules or standards governing the conduct of a person or the members of a profession." Ethics and morals are closely related, but ethics is the term more commonly used in the professional realm, whereas morals generally refer to guidelines for personal behavior. Both ethics and morals are reflections of beliefs and values, which are held by individuals and collectively, by whole societies. The development of ethics therefore stems from social and cultural factors as well as from personal ones. However, a few ethical codes are nearly universal. Ethics are complex; in the business realm they may vary widely from sector to sector. No organization is completely immune to ethics, even if the organization has no formal ethical code. Professional decisions are made with regard to personal ethics or to the…
Cline, Austin. "Ethics, Morals, and Values: How do They Relate?" About.com. Online at < http://atheism.about.com/library/FAQs/phil/blfaq_phileth_values.htm >.
'Ethics." Dictionary.com. online at .
Education on ethics must be wider compared to "moral development" in that it must tackle the broader consideration of a wide-ranging vocation, and constricted in that it must tackle problems particularly to the accounting vocation. (esearch on Accounting Ethics)
Definite duties of the accounting profession are put forth in the different code of ethics circulated by important establishments like the AICPA. The AICPA's foremost rule of professional conduct declares: In discharging their duties as professionals, associates must implement responsive professional and moral views in all their works. (Business and Accounting Ethics) the failure of auditor sovereignty infringing ule 101 of the AICPA Code of Professional Conduct was the topic of a research project using 2,000 arbitrarily chosen AICPA members in public accounting profession as a staff auditor, senior, or manager. These executives were offered with 15 roles that are an infringement of ule 101 and were directed to give their…
Accounting and Accountability: A Challenge for corporate culture. The 13th International Symposium on Ethics, Business and Society. IESE Business School, University of Navarra. Barcelona, Spain. May 7-8, 2004. Retrieved at http://www.iese.edu/en/files/6_6343.pdf . Accessed on 25 April, 2005.
Schachter, Joseph. Research on Accounting Ethics. CPA Journal. April 1999. Retrieved at http://www.nysscpa.org/cpajournal/1999/0499/News_Views/NV12.HTM . Accessed on 25 April, 2005.
Smith, Katherine T; Smith, Murphy. L. Business and Accounting Ethics. 21 June, 2003.
Retrieved at http://acct.tamu.edu/smith/ethics/ethics.htm. Accessed on 25 April, 2005.
More than replacing a Code of Ethics, solutions to the issue might revolve around simply understanding, adopting, and enforcing codes that are already in place. For instance, the IACP code of ethics for law enforcement has four major themes that would clearly handle most situations: 1) Fairness towards everyone -- the public, clients, the accused, colleagues, etc. Fairness also implies the maxim of not using one's power to take advantage of the public (e.g. bribes for service, etc.); 2) Service -- Public service is a calling -- the community holds law enforcement personnel to a high standard, and expects service to be part of the regular job description; 3) Importance of the law -- Upholding the Constitution or the statues of the law that are mandated by the profession, and; 4) the importance of personal conduct -- law enforcement professionals must hold a standard of behavior that is consistent and…
Banks, J. (2004). The Importance of Ethics in Criminal Justice. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage. Retrieved April 2013 from: http://www.sagepub.com/upm-data/4031_Banks_Chapter_1_Proof.pdf
Chery, D. (May 7, 2009). Judges on Wrong Side of the Law. CBS News. Retrieved April 2013 from: http://www.cbsnews.com/stories/2003/08/04/national/main566433.shtml
IIT (Illinois Institute of Technology. (2012). Center for the Study of Ethics in the Professions. Ethics.itt.edu. Retrieved April 2013 from: http://ethics.iit.edu/
Pollock, J. (2012). Ethical Dilemmas and Decisions in Criminal Justice. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth.
Therefore, the best way to help employees act ethically is to view the workplace and daily operations as a training ground.
In your estimation why is there a growing need for organizational ethics programs? What are the factors contributing to ethical problems in the global corporate world? What are possible solutions?
The need for organizational ethics program is growing for several reasons. First, organizational ethics have become crucial for companies to avoid legal and financial distress. Second, ethics help businesses run smoothly and well, attracting the best caliber of employee. Ethics programs are important especially in large organizations with a diverse staff. Global and multinational companies will be working with people from around the world, who operate in unique ethical environments. Ethics programs help multinational companies create standards for employees that will help avoid conundrums and miscommunication. Ethics programs bring all employees together on the same page and therefore become…