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Coffman, J. (2003) Lessons in evaluating communication campaigns: five case studies.Cambridge: Harvard Family research Project. etrieved November 24, 2008 http://www.mediaevaluationproject.org/HFP2.pdf
Crisis management. etrieved November 24, 2008 from Management Help
Marketing esearch. etrieved November 24, 2008 from Quick MBA
Stephens, S. (2008). American Corporate identity. Collins Design
Issue and Opportunity Identification
eference to Specific
Poor employee motivation
Create and enhance motivational techniques policies which will motivate the employees into becoming a strategic resource" (Stephens, 57)
Human esources policies
Lack of communication at various levels
Start internal communication campaign element of the marketing campaign meant to reach the target audience through all the possible communication means" (Coffman, 15)
Unclear results of research campaign
New and better research campaign
While it may involve market research, marketing research is a more general systematic process that can be applied to a variety of…
Coffman, J. (2003) Lessons in evaluating communication campaigns: five case studies.Cambridge: Harvard Family research Project. Retrieved November 24, 2008 http://www.mediaevaluationproject.org/HFRP2.pdf
Crisis management. Retrieved November 24, 2008 from Management Help
Marketing Research. Retrieved November 24, 2008 from Quick MBA
According to the "stakeholder" theory, the business manager serves multiple masters. Who are these masters, and what are their demands? hareholders demand protection of, and a fair return on, their investment. Customers demand delivery of promised goods and services for value received. Employees demand a safe working environment, fair compensation, and honest communication. enior management demands adherence to direction and policies. "One's personal belief system demands truth to one's self, and our community's demand that we abide by established laws (Lester Electronics). Herein lies the potential for conflicting interests and personal pain" (chuster & mith, 1994).
The joint company of Lester Electronics and hang-Wa Electronics maximizes the value of the company and the shareholder wealth.
Two independent companies are merging in order to create a stronger company. With a vision of maximizing shareholders wealth there is a multitude of opportunities. As separate entities, they have developed…
Shang-Wa's long-term debt is 48 times higher than LEI which the interest on this debt may be considered a cost of doing business. However, if it is too high and cannot be repaid, it is a liability. This liability could lead to liquidation if it is not monitored (Lester Electronics). "At its crudest level, debt represents something that must be repaid; it is the result of borrowing money. When corporations borrow, they promise to make regularly scheduled interest payments and to repay the original amount borrowed" (Ross-Westerfield-Jaffe, 2004, Chapter 14, p.389).
Lester Electronics and Shang-Wa Electronics are conducting a merger. They need to assess the financial situation of each other. The final combined company has the opportunity to maximize its wealth as well as the wealth of the future stockholders. After the strategic goals and objectives are established, a financial plan describing each of the activities, resources, equipment and materials t0hat are needed to achieve these objectives, as well as the timeframes involved will be needed. Shang-Wa Electronics has more total debt and long-term debt compared to Lester Electronics while having less net income. Lester Electronics will have the opportunity to evaluate different methods to balance this ratio like leasing equipment vice purchasing.
The primary goal for the management team at iordan Manufacturing is to solve the existent problem, and through the strategies developed and implemented, ensure that it does not occur again in the future. In other words, they desire to increase employees' on the job satisfaction and reduce as such the turnover rates, which materialize in increased costs. The future goals of the plastics manufacturing company could be best described with the aid of a realistic vision statement. This could be formulated as follows:
iordan Manufacturing is committed to maintaining its leading position onto the plastics industry by presenting their customers with high quality products, delivered by highly specialized and trained employees. The organization is also determined to make a difference in the environment by using the latest technological appliances which preserve the health of the surrounding environment. We are also proud of the healthy and pleasant environment we…
2008, Gap Analysis, Marketing Teacher, http://www.marketingteacher.com/Lessons/lesson_gap_analysis.html . Ast accessed on September 16, 2008
2008, Job Design, BNET Business Dictionary, http://dictionary.bnet.com/definition/job+design.htmllast accessed on September 16, 2008
2008, Human Resource Committed to Excellence, University of Nebraska-Lincoln, http://hr.unl.edu/general/nuvaluesinfo/glossary.shtmllast accessed on September 16, 2008
Beam, J., 2008, What is Employee Turnover?, Wise Geek, http://www.wisegeek.com/what-is-employee-turnover.html . Ast accessed on September 16, 2008
HSMS Gap Analysis and Hazard Identification Risk Assessments
Description of APM Terminals
Review of the Health and Safety Management System
Health and Welfare Hazards
Physical Hazard -- Working at Height - Scaffolding
Health & Welfare Hazard -- Noise
Action Plan 1 - Management System
Action Plan 2 -- Hazards and Risks
Barbour Checklist: BS OHSAS 18001 Audit Checklist
Occupational health and safety management has numerous benefits for business, not only an employer's duty of care, a legal and moral obligation but also critical part of business equal in importance to other business functions like finance, marketing and production. When health and safety is embedded as part of business, results would be, good company image and reputation, better employee motivation and morale, improved efficiency and ultimately increased profitability.
The implementation of a sound health, safety and environment (HSE)…
Thus, there is lack of internal communication within the departments and overall organization must be improved.
The top management must work out precise goals within the systematic shift of the company approach, roles and functions for each department, and regular cross-section discussions or meeting to update each department on the actions of the others, find out points of improvement and at the next round table to present the results how these issues were dealt with.
Stakeholder Perspectives/Ethical Dilemmas
When setting out goals and vision, the company management must single out existing ethical conflicts and possible conflict areas which can occur within the company transformation process. The reason for this is to in advance settle possible points of misunderstanding.
The Interests, ights, and Values of Each Group
Employees of middle management level
Their interests include profitable operations of the company as their payments are correlated…
1) Available at http://www.lynco.com/12prin.html. Available at http://www.lynco.com/12prin.html
Intersect Gap Analysis
Gap Pesti and SWOT Analysis
In this section, I am doing a PESTI and SWOT analysis of GAP Inc. The goal of a PESTI and SWOT analysis is to evaluate the performance of a firm by using their financial statements[footnoteef:1]. In a PESTI and SWOT analysis you can determine the value of a firm by looking at its profitability and its growth. I will be using SWOT analysis and cash flow analysis to assess GAP's performance. After analyzing GAP I will forecast the next ten years based on our findings. [1: AmCham, eal Economy-Egypt. (Source: MoFT, January 2003 and Central Egyptian BankCEB, February 2002).]
I can either look at SWOT for GAP over several years to determine the success of the firm or I can compare the SWOT of GAP to other firms in the same industry. These SWOTs allow us to relate the financial numbers to the business…
1. AmCham, Real Economy-Egypt. (Source: MoFT, January 2003 and Central Egyptian BankCEB, February 2002).
2. Al-Ahram Weekly Online: "Inadequate Remedies," April 5-11, 2001, issue 528, Mona ElFiqi.
3. Al-Ahram Weekly Online: "Stalling in Troubled Waters," November 15-21, 2001, issue
650, Mona El-Fiqi.
The American Eagle Outfitters is another important competitor of the Gap. This company focuses on online selling, but has also decided to increase the number of traditional stores it owns.
Competition from potential new entrants to the industry
The threat of new entrants is quite reduced in the U.S. clothing industry. This is because success in this industry depends on several important factors. In this case, it is important to be able to provide a large number of similar stores in the proximity of the buyer because this is an important factor that affects customers' purchasing decision. The location of the retail stores is also very important. Some people consider that online clothing retailers are in the position of threatening the big players in this industry. However, this is not exactly the case. This is because most customers prefers to study the clothes they want to purchase. Another important market…
Gap is a major American retailer of casual apparel. This industry is mature, and highly fragmented. As such, the Gap and its competitors each have a relatively small market share. There are over 400 significant industry players (Global Industry Analysts, 2010). There are some generalizations, however, that can be made with respect to this market and Gap's position within the casual apparel market.
Overall, the casual apparel market in the United States is worth an estimated $195.6 billion as of 2007, with an annual growth rate of 3% (Business ire, 2008). Given the economic slowdown, it is reasonable to assume that growth has stagnated since that point in time, so that the market is roughly the same size today as it was three years ago. The Gap's annual sales are approximately $14.195 billion (MSN Moneycentral, 2010), but 21% of that revenue is from outside North America. This leaves North American…
Global Industry Analysts. (2010). Global branded apparel industry. Global Industry Analysts. Retrieved October 21, 2010 from http://www.reportlinker.com/p090549/World-Branded-Apparel-Market.html
MSN Moneycentral. (2010). The Gap, Inc. MSN Moneycentral. Retrieved October 21, 2010 from http://moneycentral.msn.com/investor/invsub/results/hilite.asp?Symbol=GPS
Townsend, M. (2010). Gap's sales growth to come from markets outside the U.S., CEO Murphy says. Bloomberg. Retrieved October 21, 2010 from http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2010-10-14/gap-s-sales-growth-to-come-from-markets-outside-the-u-s-ceo-murphy-says.html
Yahoo! Finance. (2010). Industry: Apparel stores. Yahoo! Retrieved October 21, 2010 from http://finance.yahoo.com /q/in?s=GPS
SCS initiative analysis has been talked about in detail. The main aim or purpose of this in-depth analysis is to explain in a better way the questions regarding the design, theoretical grounds, dynamics and the coverage of the supply security chain etc. Following are the kind of questions that have been tried to answer in this paper:
To what extent does the SCS initiative covers the security areas, human resource security, facility and cargo etc.
Among the phases in security management such as: recovery that is done from incidents of crime, crime detection and the prevention of crime, which ones are covered by the SCS initiatives and to what limit?
To the SCS initiative exactly what kind of supply chain actors are associated?
In what way are the improvement cycle steps (that are consistent) such as: planning, doing, checking and acting taken into consideration by the SCS initiatives?
Bonner, R.C. (2004). Securing the Global Supply Chain: Customs-Trade Partnership against Terrorism (C-TPAT) Strategic Plan. U.S. Customs and Border Protection.
Hintsa J., Ahokas J., Mannisto T., Sahlstedt J. (2010). CEN Supply Chain Security (SCS): Feasibility study. Cross-border Research Association, Lausanne, Switzerland
Beyond that, there is little evidence of clusterization either domestically or in the global market
The sugar industry is in decline. However, there remain a few opportunities. The first major opportunity is the growth in China. One of the true growth markets in the sugar world, China is increasing in affluence and increasing its consumption of sugar-laden estern foods. The Chinese market increased by two-thirds in just six years, from 2000 to 2006, and still lags estern sugar consumption levels. Another opportunity, albeit farther out in terms of time frame, is the U.S. market. To enter this market will involve the Australian government breaking down the trade barriers that U.S. sugar producers have erected. There are more threats. The first major threat is the growth of India and other producers. India is poised to become the world's largest sugar producer, and will have a significant impact on prices worldwide. Another…
CSR Profile and Information from Australian Stock Exchange, available online at http://www.asx.com.au/asx/research/CompanyInfoSearchResults.jsp?searchBy=asxCode&allinfo=on&asxCode=CSR#details
CSR Profile and Information also sourced from CSR, available online at http://www.csr.com.au
CSR Information and Ratios from FinAnalysis, available online at http://www.aspecthuntley.com.au.ezproxy-f.deakin.edu.au/af/company/mainview?ASXCode=CSR
Industry profile from IBISWorld, January 2008. [Online] Available at: Deakin Library.
Description of Industry
Gap, Inc. is one of the most leading American forte apparel retailers who foundation is centered in San Francisco, California. It trades things like the casual apparels, decorations, and other products that are personal for men, women and children. The merchandises of Gap, Inc. comprise of khakis, T-shirts, boxers, denim, casual wear, and others. The trade is done in the New York Stock Exchange which goes up under the symbol GPS. The brands that signified reasonable stylishness and just about everyone-from well-known celebrities to usual American families had a pair of Gap clothing somewhere in their closet. Many people had to have the latest pair of khakis or a cardigan from Gap. Gap, Inc. maintains an unusually large number of various brands, specifically Gap, Forth & Towne, Piperlime, Old Navy, banana republic, and others. All of these various businesses are purchased by a business in different…
Loham, Annette. "Gap Inc. 2010 Is the Turnaround Strategy Working." Long Beach: California State University, 2010.
Gap: Early Childhood Intervention and the Development of the Disabled Child
Children with special needs include those who have disabilities, developmental delays, are gifted/talented, and are at risk of future developmental problems. Early intervention consists of the provision of services for such children and their families for the purpose of lessening the effects of their condition. Early intervention may focus on the child alone or on the child and the family together. Early intervention programs may be center-based, home-based, hospital-based, or a combination. Early intervention may begin at any time between birth and school age; however, there are many reasons for it to begin as early as possible. Early Intervention is the key to achieving the most positive outcome in aiding the disabled child to develop as normally as possible.
There are three primary reasons for intervening early with an exceptional child: to enhance the child's development, to provide support…
Bayley, N. (1970) "Development of mental abilities." In P.H. Mussen (ed) Carmichael's manual of child psychology, 1, New York: Wiley.
Bayley, N. (1955) "On the growth of intelligence," American Psychologist, 10, 805, Dec.
Burts, Diane C.; Hart, Craig H.; Charlesworth, Rosalind; DeWolf, D. Michele; Ray, Jeanette; Manuel, Karen; & Fleege, Pamela O. (1993). "Developmental appropriateness of kindergarten programs and academic outcomes in first grade." Journal Of Research In Childhood Education, 8 (1), 23-31. EJ 493-673.
Cooper, J.H. An Early Childhood Special Education Primer. Chapel Hill, NC: Technical Assistance Development System (TADS), 1981.
gap, problem, purpose, Q's, method, design, and analysis?
According to Hickman (et al.) in the 2008 article "The differential developmental pathways of high school dropouts and graduates" from the Journal of Educational esearch, the concern about the gap in achievement between high school graduates and non-graduates has long been a concern of educators and educational policy-makers alike. The peer-reviewed study posed two essential research questions to address the problem of low high school retention rates: first, do differences in the educational development of high school graduates and dropouts exist early on in their elementary school careers and secondly, if differences do exist, "where in time and across which variables do these differences occur" (Hickman et al. 2008: 2). The study attempts to address a 'research gap' in the existing literature regarding the focus on the secondary school careers of high school graduates. Focusing on the problems students encounter in high…
Hickman (et al. 2008). The differential developmental pathways of high school dropouts and graduates. Journal of Educational Research
Nachmias and Nachmias (2008) indicate that the quasi-experimental design allows researchers the opportunity to use intact comparison groups and "straight forward comparative statistical analyses" to explore variables and their correlations. In an effort to better understand the continuing and persistent social problem of high school dropouts, Hickman, Bartholomew, and Mathwig (2005) conducted a quasi-experiment contrast group design with purposive random sampling to explore the differential developmental pathways of high school graduates and those who drop out. Hickman, et al., (2008) focus their research on the development process over an extended period of time, attempting to locate "markedly different" patterns related to academic performance and experiences in the educational
World is Flat" is taken from a metaphorical point-of-view to highlight the development and advancement of technology in the world. The author, Thomas Friedman, asserts that the world has become flatter because technology together with other factors has turned the world into a smaller place. The author describes the manner in which technology has made the world become more competitive and elucidates what is necessary to compete in this new world that is deemed flat. For instance, Friedman offers a description of how manufacturing firms have relocated the location of their plants to international areas to make the most of cheaper labor and raw materials.
This is towards objective of coming up with products that are cost-effective and more competitive in the marketplace. This particular aspect of outsourcing has disseminated into the service industry also. Friedman describes various instances where tax returns of companies in the United States are accounted…
Caldwell, J. (2005). Book Report On The World Is Flat. Retrieved 17 October 2015 from: http://www.workforceincubator.org/Portals/0/flat_world.pdf
Friedman, T. L. (2005). The World is Flat: A Brief History of the Twenty-First Century. New York: Picador
Griedsom, T. S. (2007). Book Review. The World is Flat: A Brief History of the Twenty-First Century. Association for Financial Counseling and Planning Education. Retrieved 17 October 2015 from: https://afcpe.org/assets/pdf/12-book-review-world-is-flat-volume-18-issue-2.pdf
Lee, M. (n.d). Book Summary: The World is Flat (Thomas L. Friedman).
Analysis of the Price of Inequality
In the year 2013, issues of socioeconomic inequality are perhaps as pressing and problematic as they have ever been. This is the assertion at the crux of Joseph E. Stiglitz text, The Price of Inequality: How Today's Divided Society Endangers Our Future (ISBN-13: 9780393345063). Released in 2012 by .. Norton & Company publishers, the 560-page text is a timely and compelling contribution to the current public discourse on our need for greater economic equality in the United States.
Understanding the orientation of the text at the center of this analysis requires a more complete understanding of its author, the economist, Columbia professor and winner of 2001's Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences. According to his self-composed biography at the Memorial Foundation site, Stiglitz (2001) was born in Gary Indian in 1943. By his own report, his interests as a young student would lead…
Chinni, D. (2012). 'The Price of Inequality' and 'The Betrayal of the American Dream.' Jefferson Institute.
Columbia University. (2013). Curriculum Vitae-Stiglitz. Gsb.columbia.edu.
Edsall, T.B. (2012). Separate and Unequal. The New York Times.
Stiglitz, J.E. (2001). Biographical. The Nobel Foundation.
Apollo 13 analysis and diagnosis using the 1995 film "Apollo 13" starring tom hanks
Apollo 13 analysis and diagnosis
The exploration of the space brought a lot of excitement. The super power countries, each has sought to establish its dominance and security by exploring the space. NASA is the United States agency for exploring the space. This report has evaluated the Apollo 13 incident in view of the film that was released of the same. The discussion centers on the two groups that is the ground and space teams.
The exploration of the space began in the late 1950s. It started after the Second World War ended. It was as a result of the United States and the Soviet Union having a cold war (McCray 2013). The space exploration hence provided the arena for this competition. Hence, this was the basis for the need for an organization that…
Gorn, M.H., & Aldrin, B. (2005). NASA: The complete illustrated history. Norwalk, CT: Easton
Goodloe, A.E., Person, S., & International Symposium on Nasa Formal Methods, NFM. (2012).
Nasa formal methods: Third international symposium, NFM 2011, Pasadena, CA, USA,
This aspect is greatly leveraged upon by Sport2Sport as different target populations share their experiences on company's Facebook page. There is also an aspect of quick customer response having the potential of going viral over the internet. This makes companies such as Sport2Sport to focus on customer satisfaction and prompt response. Although it may seem untraditional not to focus on traditional advertising and marketing mediums, the paradigm shift in approach to marketing and advertisement has led this agency to effectively spend their marketing budget on online campaigns and maintenance of web-presence.
IV- Organizational structure
Better Business Bureau (BBB) has reported that Sport2Sport is a limited liability company (LLC) with its current rating at A-. The highest possible rating that an agency can get with BBB is A+ (BBB Business eview, 2013). The length of time that the firm is in business is the only potentially negative factor reported by the…
Annual Report. (2013). Sport2Sport Limited Liability Company Annual Report. DEPARTMNET of the SECRETARY of STATE, North Carolina NC. Retrieved from: [ http://www.secretary.state.nc.us/soskb.web.mvc/search/Filings/9433134 ]
BBB Business Review. (2013). Better Business Bureau: Business Review Sport2Sport LLC. Retrieved from: [ http://www.bbb.org/raleigh-durham/business-reviews/sports-and-recreation/sport2sport-in-cary-nc-90205195 ]
CNN Money. (2012). Best Places to Live. Retrieved from: http://money.cnn.com/magazines/moneymag/best-places/2012/snapshots/PL3710740.html
Facebook.com/CarySport2Sport. ( n.d). Sport2Sport. Retrieved from: [ https://www.facebook.com/CarySport2Sport ]
As the largest mass merchandiser in the world, Wal-Mart's work in supply chain execution, research, and policies defines best practices for the broader high volume retailing industry worldwide. Wal-Mart is comprised of three operating segments including the Wal-Mart stores, Sam's lub and the International Stores. The typical Wal-Mart discount store as 50 departments or more and a few are offering groceries in addition to apparel, fabrics, stationery and books, shoes, house wares, hardware, electronics, home furnishings, small appliances, automotive accessories, gardening accessories, sporting goods, toys, and pet food. Wal-Mart moved into the Superenter retailing concept in the 1990s and has at this point 1,700 of these Superenters worldwide (Sampson, 2008).
These Superenters range in size from slightly over 90,000 square feet to 260,000 square feet. These are substantially larger than its normal stores, ranging in size from 90,000 square feet to 261,000 square feet. Wal-Mart also runs smaller…
Concentrating on supply chain efficiencies to support is primary messaging of its Low Price Everyday (LPED) value proposition, Wal-mart is differentiating itself by concentrating on the two most critical aspects that consumers consider when purchasing more commodity like products, which are price and availability. The general marketing strategy is to concentrate on what Wal-Mart calls the price value shopper, which comprises 16% of its total customer base, followed by brand Aspirational (29%) and price-Sensitive Affluents (15%). This segmentation strategy is how the company defines its strategic objectives for creating a demand-driven supply chain as well.
The value chain for Wal-Mart is integral to its overarching marketing strategy. Only by having a high enough level of inventory turns and logistics, supply chain and operational efficiencies can Wal-Mart support is LPED value proposition. Further, the role of each SuperCenter as a Distribution Center (DC) in the supply chain also underscores the other critical elements of the LPED strategy, which is to focus on price and availability over premium product or pricing positioning. Strategic marketing planning at Wal-Mart centers on the Price Value Shopper Segment, the majority of which are women who shop for their families whose household income (HH) is $40,000 or less per year (Birchall, 2008). Wal-Mart has successfully defined itself as a shopping strategy for making ends meet in the Value-Shopper segment and as a result has been able to sustain strong customer loyalty. In the customer segmentation discussion Wal-Mart's specific approaches to managing each segments' unique requirements is discussed. Market Strategy
The Wal-Mart market strategy concentrates on the Price Value Shopper segment as its top priority followed by the Brand Aspirationals who comprise 29% of their total sales. With the primary
Based on the method the researcher use to conduct analysis, the data analysis presented is appropriate because the researcher use combination of both qualitative and quantitative methods in the data analysis.
Interpretation of esults
The interpretation of results is critical in the research studies. Based on the objective of the study, the researchers have been able to draw a significant correlation between research results and research aim and objectives. esearchers emerge the total combination of 2,991 themes to evaluate the opinion of students towards their tutors. The findings are presented in meta-theme and four meta-themes as being revealed in table 2.
Table 2: Findings in Meta-theme and four Meta-Themes combined
Endorsement ate (%)
Four Meta-themes Combine
Based on the effectiveness of TEF as a strategy to evaluate students perception on their tutors, the…
Chow, M.Y.K. Quine, S. & Li, M. (2010).Bene-ts of using a quantitative with qualitative mixed methods approach- -to identify client satisfaction and unmet needs in an HIV healthcare centre. AIDS Care. 22 (4): 491-498.
Fisher, W.P. & Stenner, A.J. (2011). Integrating qualitative and quantitative research approaches via the phenomenological method. International Journal of Multiple Research Approaches.5(1): 89 -- 103.
Onwuegbuzie, A.J. Witcher, A.E. Collins, K.M.T. et al. (2007). Perception of Students Characteristics of Effective College Teachers: A Validity Study of a Teaching Evaluation Form Using a Mixed-Methods Analysis. American Educational Research Journal, 44(1): 113 -- 160.
University of South Alabama (2011): Mixed Research: Mixed Method and Mixed Model Research. USA.
Marketing Analysis Strategies and Techniques
Keeping products and services relevant to the rapidly changing needs of prospects and customers is a daunting task. The need for keeping products accurately positioned as customers' needs change, continually evaluating and fine-tuning competitive position, monitoring and evaluating customer perceptions are all critical for creating a cohesive strategic marketing plan (Silverblatt, Korgaonkar, 1987). Distribution channels also must be continually evaluated and analyzed as to their effectiveness in serving customers and delivering profitable operations to a company as well. The intent of this analysis is to identify the different types of analysis used by marketers to determine product positioning, competitive position, customer perceptions, and distribution channel analysis.
The essence of effective product positioning strategies take into account the value delivered by a company with its products and services, how they differ from direct competitors and substitutes, while taking into account the motivations and unmet…
Becerra, E.P. & Korgaonkar, P.K. 2011, "Effects of trust beliefs on consumers online intentions," European Journal of Marketing, vol. 45, no. 6, pp. 936-962.
Boote, A.S. (1981). Market segmentation by personal values and salient product attributes. Journal of Advertising Research, 21(1), 29-29.
Dimitriadis, S., Kouremenos, A., & Kyrezis, N. (2011). Trust-based segmentation. The International Journal of Bank Marketing, 29(1), 5-31.
Frambach, R.T. (1997). Competitive positioning: The key to market success. International Journal of Research in Marketing, 14(1), 92-95.
Job Analysis and Performance Appraisal Methods: Practical Applications
My current circumstances could be grooming me for a totally different profession but deep inside, I have always admired the work journalists do. I particularly like how news reporters go out to the field, gather real time information, and interact with newsmakers. In addition to enjoying themselves, these ladies and gentlemen play a very significant role in the creation of a more open and just society. For this assignment, I will address a number of issues with regard to the job I would be interested in pursuing, i.e. news reporting.
Job analysis according to Werner, Schuler, and Jackson (2010) is essentially "a systematic process of describing and recording information about job behaviors, activities, and worker specifications" (p. 122). In that regard therefore, a job analysis seeks to generate information regarding both those performing the job and the job itself. It…
Mathis, R.M. & Jackson, J.H. (2010). Human Resource Management (13th ed.). Mason, OH: Cengage Learning.
Snell, S.A. & Bohlander, G.W. (2011). Managing Human Resources (16th ed.). Mason, OH: Cengage Learning.
Werner, S., Schuler, R.S. & Jackson, S.E. (2012). Human Resource Management (11th ed.). Mason, OH: Cengage Learning.
Learning Needs Assessment and Analysis
The University of San Diego Counseling Center (USDCC) has been established to provide enrolled students with access to quality counseling and healthcare services. Employing a diverse selection of the university's most accomplished psychiatrists, psychologists, medical doctors, registered nurses, and other healthcare professionals, the USDCC operates a high-volume Critical Intensive Care Unit with the assistance of a 50-member nursing staff. Although the USDCC has built a reputation for delivering competent and qualified critical care services across a number of years, the organization's management structure has become concerned that educational priorities have not been updated to reflect modern advancements in the field. To that end, the USDCC recently elected to conduct a comprehensive Learning Needs Assessment and Analysis to identify the paramount educational needs in place, and the institutional forces working to facilitate or impede the implementation of these needs. Empirical research on the efficacy of various…
Lewin, K. (1939). Field theory and experiment in social psychology: Concepts and methods.
Journal of Sociology, 44, 868-896. Retrieved from http://www.jstor.org/discover/10.2307/2769418?uid=3739552&uid=2129&uid=2&uid=7
Morrison, G.R., Ross, S.M., Kalman, H.K., & Kemp, J.E. (2011). Designing effective instruction (6th ed). Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
Decision Analysis System
Computers have brought a great change in our lives. A software program called spreadsheet turns the computer screen into a paper sheet one is working on. This program saves time by reducing the errors and repetitions of calculations. It is commonly used in physics labs in order to save time by getting accurate results and accumulating proper data in labs. Spreadsheets have traditionally been used by accountants for the purpose of bookkeeping and budgeting, when actually they can prove to be amazing tools for engineers and scientists as well. Using a spreadsheet, entered raw data could be manipulated and plotted through few easy commands. Furthermore, due to their built-in capability to easily plot data, spreadsheets prove to be especially useful (Karmakar et al., 2007).
Initially introduced in the corporate world in late 1970s and the early 1980s, it proved to be an immediate success. The usefulness, power…
Karmakar, S., C. Lagu, J. Agnew and H. Landry (2007) Integrated decision support system (DSS) for manure management: a review and perspective. Computers and Electronics in Agriculture, 57, 190 -- 201.
Kong, G., D.L. Xu, X. Liu and J.B. Yang. (2009) Applying a belief rule-base inference methodology to a guideline-based clinical decision support system. Expert Systems, 26, 391 -- 408.
Ragsdale, C.T., K.P. Scheibe and M.A. Trick (2008) Fashioning fair foursomes for the fairway (using a spreadsheet-based DSS as the driver). Decision Support Systems, 45, 997 -- 1006.
eref, Michelle M.H.; Ahuja, Ravindra K.; and Winston, Wayne L. (2007). Developing spreadsheet-based decision support systems: using Excel and VBA. Dynamic Ideas.
Technical Analysis in the Implication of Efficient Market Hypothesis on Silver Market
The thesis is for the study of simple commonly used technical trading rules, which are applied on silver market. It covers years 1989 to 2005. A famous study carried out by Lakonishok, Lebaon and in year, 1992 has clearly shown that technical analysis can lead to abnormal prices when compared with buy-and-hold strategy. Other studies have been carried out and found out that technical trading rules cannot over-rule passive investment management strategy. The study uses Brock et al.'s methodology. Several trading rules are discussed (Dawson & Steeley 2003).
In financial theory, efficiency of financial silver market is highly disputed. This has led to many attempts to explain efficiency of silver markets. Eugene.F. Fama formulated the most famous definition in 1970 referred to as the, Efficient Silver market Hypothesis (EHM). The basis of the hypothesis is that…
Alexander, S.S. (1964) 'Price Movements in Speculative Markets: Trends or Random Walks'. Industrial management Review 5 (2), 25-46
Brock, W., Lakonishok, J., & LeBaron, B. (1992) 'Simple Technical Trading Rules and the Stochastic Properties of Stock Returns'. Journal of finance 4, (5), 1731-1764
Chang, P.H., & Osler, C.L. (1999) 'Methodical Madness: Technical Analysis and the Irrationality of Exchange Rate Forecasts'. Economic Journal 109 (458), 636-661
Dawson, E.R., & Steeley, J. (2003) 'On the Existence of Visual Technical Patterns in the Uk Stock Market'. Journal of Business Finance and Accounting 30 (1-2), 263-293
There are two ways of looking at Dilmah's customers. The buyers -- to whom Dilmah sells -- are the supermarkets and wholesalers that carry the tea. The other customer group is the end user. Tea is a mass market product that is consumed by a broad swath of the population, and to the extent that there is a definable "typical" demographic for tea consumption, this will vary by market. Initially, the company experienced difficulty in attracting interest from supermarket chains, which would then have had to utilize a push strategy to convince consumers to buy the tea. Over time, however, Dilmah was able to build its brand, making it more attractive to both supermarkets and consumers.
The global hot beverages market is worth $69.77 billion and the two major segments (coffee and tea) are both growing (PR eb, 2011). The growing demand, combined with…
Bajaj, V. (2010) . A Sri Lankan underdog battles global tea giants. New York Times. Retrieved May 11, 2012 from http://www.nytimes.com/2010/01/09/business/global/09tea.html?_r=1&adxnnl=1&adxnnlx=1336755890-EChS13AJJ88xmXFSg2k5lg
Datamonitor. (2010). Hot drinks in Australia to 2013. Datamonitor. Retrieved May 11, 2012 from http://www.foodprocessing.com.au/products/40497-Datamonitor-report-Hot-drinks-in-Australia-to-2-13
Dilmah Tea website. (2012). Retrieved May 11, 2012 from http://www.dilmahtea.com/dilmah-story/dilmah-difference
Ellis, E. (2007). A cup of tea like a fine wine. Fortune Magazine. Retrieved May 11, 2012 from http://money.cnn.com/magazines/fortune/fortune_archive/2007/06/25/100116289/index.htm
Business Communications Final Analysis Report
In order to apply the strategies and decisions formulated in the initial phases of the communication research, they are applied in the context of business communication, particularly in group decision-making processes. In the final analysis report, the case study on the Creative Media team conflict is discussed, addressing the prevalent issues that bring about miscommunication within the team.
The case study on the Creative Media team situation has the following specifics: Gap Jeans, Inc. is planning to launch a new advertising campaign for its new product, called the Gap Washed Jeans, which features a denim-wash (faded look) feature for women, which will be available in hipster and flared styles. Gap is looking for a creative ad agency that will conceptualize and produce the ad campaign, although specific information about the nature of the ad campaign is not yet formulated. Thus, the whole advertising and marketing…
overriding aim of globalization is to eliminate physical boundaries, uniting all the countries of the world into one massive village. So far, globalization has had both positive and negative influences, and has literally split the world into three -- the portion that is already reaping the benefits of globalization and is characterized by high standards of living and stable governments (the Core); that which is yet to reap any benefits and is still grappling with political repression and widespread disease (the Gap); and that which exhibits features of both the Core and the Gap (the Seam)[footnoteRef:1]. Most Americans tend to think that the problems the Core faces are a result of its association with the Gap; and hence, believe that cutting links would be the solution to the issues of drugs and terrorism. This, however, is not a valid argument because as long as the Gap is not enjoying the…
ADP 3-0, "Unified Land Operations," Department of the Army, http://armypubs.army.mil/doctrine/DR_pubs/dr_a/pdf/adrp3_0.pdf (accessed 23 July 2014).
Barnett, Thomas, "The International Security Environment; the Pentagon's New Map: It Explains Why We are Going to War and Why We'll Keep Going to War," Pentagon News Map, http://www.thomaspmbarnett.com/published/pentagonsnewmap.htm. (Accessed 23 July, 2014).
Joint Publication 3-0, "Joint Operations," Department of the Navy and Department of the Army, http://www.dtic.mil/doctrine/new_pubs/jp3_0.pdf (accessed 23 July 2014),
Prados, John and Ames, Christopher (Eds.), "The Iraq War -- Part II: Was There Even a Decision?" The George Washington University, http://www2.gwu.edu/~nsarchiv/NSAEBB/NSAEBB328 / (accessed 23 July, 2014
Geneational Gap in the Wokplace
Contempoay woking age Ameicans ae categoized into fou distinct geneations that, allegedly, have been made into what they ae and thei pesonalities fomed due to the socio-political and economic as well as histoical occuences of thei age. These fou geneations ae vaiously known as: Taditionals, Baby Boomes, Geneation X, and Geneation Y
Thee ae at least two views egading geneational diffeences in the wokplace. The fist suggests that whilst individuals ae distinct, nonetheless, shaed geneational values, events, beliefs, behavios, and occuences indelibly affected membes of a paticula geneation and impact them fom effective integeneational communication (Zemke, et al. 2000). The othe is that although, cetain geneational events do occu that influence people's behavio and beliefs, ultimately employees ae constant and geneic in what they seek fom jobs and tying to categoize them and pedict thei pefomance accoding to geneation categoy is misguided (Yang & Guy,…
references of the younger generations. Similarly, whilst discussion groups are the format of choice for the older generations, the younger generations see them as least effective and more time-consuming. Again, one can readily see historical circumstances as prompting choice. Additionally, the younger generations tend to value feedback more than the older ones do, and the various generations seem to indicate different methods in learning and internalizing skills. Computer and Internet may have a great deal to say in the diversities between the characteristics on these points.
As regards desire for greater balance between life and work, most of the evidence that the younger generations seem to incline towards the latter in comparison to the older ones, is anecdotal. It may be that the younger generations resists the influence of work on their lives to a greater extent than the older generations do, but, this again may differ according to personality and context and needs further research.
Other differences in Workplace Generation Gap
Definitions of 'success' and 'leadership' vary too between the generations with apparently generational perspectives of the constructs hinging on the paradigms of their times. The gap seems to be most pronounced between the Traditionals and the younger generations with the Traditionals connecting success to workplace conduct, and the younger generations connecting it to computer skills. As regards leadership style, the two older generations prefer a leader with credibility, whilst the younger ones prefer empathy and active listening (Deal, 2007).
All generations want to be valued and appreciated as well as receive fair treatment. In the end, definite differences may exist more in popular literature than in real life. Further empirical research needs to be conducted to demonstrate whether this is or is not the case.
gender-based wage disparities still reflect serious issues of concern (Hirsch 2008). Major disparities remain for women. A 2008 article captured a good deal of interest with its simple declaration that "Across-the-board figures from February this year indicate that full-time female employees earned an average $1,004 a week compared to fulltime male average weekly earnings of $1,190" (The Lamp). Others too have sought to use drama as a way of heightening the reality of some of the disparities. Noting that for those who earn upwards of $1,000,000 annually the ratio of men to women is 13:1 is as profound a comment as is the fact that income equality doesn't even begin to appear until one looks at earnings of about $25,000 and $30,000 (Lips, 2003, pp. 87).
Baron and Cobb-Clark (2009, pp. 229) express concern that, as they put it, "Forty years after the 1969 Equal Pay Case there continues to…
Baron, JD & Cobb-Clark, WA (2009). 'Occupational Segregation and the Gender Wage Gap in Private- and Public-Sector Employment: A Distributional Analysis.' The Economic Record, vol. 86, no. 273. pp. 227-246.
Bertrand, M. (2010). 'New perspectives on gender.' Handbook of Labour Economics. Vol. 4b. DOI 10.1016/S0169-7218(11)02415-4. 1545-1592.
Cobb-Clark, D. And Tan, M. (2010). 'Noncognitive skills, Occupational attainment, and relative wages.' HILDA. Melbourne Institute of Applied Economic and Social Research.
Coelli, M. (2011). Occupation differences and the gender wage gap in Australia: a detailed re-assessment. HILDA. Melbourne Institute of Applied Economic and Social Research.
Extrapolate strategies propose close theory-practice gap nursing. Must 3 specific articles 2 choosing a total 5 references. This master's degree Nursing Theory Course. The paper 3-5 pages length APA format.
The theory-practice gap in nursing:
Different perspectives and strategies to close the 'gap'
According to many nurses, there exists a "gap between nursing theory and practice. In order to improve the integration of theory and practice, a high standard of clinical practice is necessary" so that nursing students can see the relevance of what they learn in the classroom to the field (Ming-Tien & Ling-Long 2004). ona Levin writes that one important step in closing the theory-practice gap in nursing education is taking a constructivist approach to nursing education. "Within the constructivist theory, the learner is able to gain meaning from past and current learning experiences. This experience assists the learner to construct new knowledge…The constructivist facilitates experiential learning…
Levin, Rona F. (2010). Integrating evidence-based practice with educational theory in clinical
practice for nurse practitioners: Bridging the theory -practice gap. Research and Theory for Nursing Practice: An International Journal, 24 (4): 213-216.
Levy-Malmberg, R., Eriksson, K.K., & Lindholm, L.L. (2008). Caritas -- caring as an ethical conduct. Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, 22(4), 662-667.
Ming-Tien Tsai, & Ling-Long Tsai. (2004). Critical success factors of transferring nursing knowledge in hospital's clinical practice. Journal of American Academy of Business, Cambridge, 5(1), 193-197
Possible Explanations in Structural Issues within the Educational Experience
The similarity in aptitude early on and the increasing academic achievement gap between black and white students thereafter would seem to suggest that the causes are most likely to be social and institutional. Among the possible factors, black children are less likely to have the benefit of a two-parent home; they are more likely to live in poorer communities with lower quality educational institutions; and they are 30% less likely to change school by their parents' choice. Unfortunately, the types of educational initiatives designed to reduce the education gap have not proven successful and to the extent their data suggest otherwise, it may be by virtue of over-reliance on the issue of "passing" instead of high achievement.
For example, the NCLB approach emphasized reducing the educational achievement gap among races by focusing on achieving proficiency in academic skills considered to be…
Gaps occur in various situations. They can be in lesson plans or healthcare. When it comes to the MICU, practice gaps happen. To implement a quality improvement proposal one needs to see what works and how to use it to meet the needs of the proposal. Early Progressive Mobility in a Medical Intensive Care Unit has shown to be helpful in meeting the medical goals of patients. In this proposal, evidence as well as strategies will show how important it is for patients to gain mobility early on in recovery and the problems these kinds of programs face.
The MICU or ICU is for patients who are very ill. When in the ICU, it's been demonstrated patients acquire weakness from the acute onset of neuromuscular/functional impairment caused by unknown factors other than their critically ill condition. This weakness impairs ventialtor wearing and functional mobility. (AACN PEAL, n.d.,…
A framework for diagnosing and classifying int... [Crit Care Med. 2009] - PubMed - NCBI. (n.d.). National Center for Biotechnology Information. Retrieved March 20, 2013, from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20046114
AACN PEARL (n.d.). E - Early Exercise and Progressive Mobility Session Notes from NTI 2012 (ABCDE Bundle). American Association of Critical-Care Nurses. Retrieved March 20, 2013, from http://www.aacn.org/wd/nti/nti2012/docs/pearl/early%20exercise%20and%20progressive%20mobility/early-mobility-nti-session-notes.pdf
Armoni, A., & IGI Global. (2002). Effective healthcare information systems. Hershey, Pa: IGI Global (701 E. Chocolate Avenue, Hershey, Pennsylvania, 17033, USA.
Duarte, P. (2012). Mobilization of ventilated patients in the intensive care unit: Patient disposition. Davis, Calif: University of California, Davis.
European Society of Intensive Care Medicine. (2011). Clinical evidence in intensive care. Berlin, Germany: Med.-Wiss. Verl.-Ges.
Garber, J. S., Gross, M., & Slonim, A. D. (2010). Avoiding common nursing errors. Philadelphia: Wolters Kluwer Health/Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.
Kotter, J. P. (2012). Leading change. Boston: Harvard Business Review Press.
Lancet. (1975). Screening for disease: A series from the Lancet. London, United Kingdom: The Lancet.
Income Distribution Gap
The global fiscal crisis will be borne by the millions of people who do not have a share in the benefits that were derived from the global economic expansions that occurred previously. Not only has the gap widened between low wage earners and high wage earners in nations across the globe, the world's income gap distribution has widened. Economists have long concluded that a limited degree of income inequality contributes to worker motivation, promotes innovation, and rewards talent and effort. Nevertheless, when income differences become too great, the dynamics become counter-productive. unaway income inequality is considered to be a destructive force, such that "rising income inequality represents a danger to the social fabric" ("Board of Canada," 2012). The repercussions from excessive income inequalities include children not attending school so they can contribute to household earnings by going to work, increased crime rates, lower life-expectancies, and malnutrition.
Acemoglu D (2009) Introduction to modern economic growth. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Card D. And DiNardo JE (2002). Skill biased technological change and rising wage inequality: Some problems and puzzles. Journal of Labor Economics, 20(4), 735.
Jones CI (2002) Introduction to economic growth (2nd ed.). New York, NY W.W. Norton.
Milanovic, B (2005) Worlds apart: Measuring international and global inequality, 180 -- 81. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Wal-Mart Social esponsibility Analysis: An Employee Perspective
To begin the study "the purpose statement is "a statement that provides the major objective or intent, or "road map" to the study" (Creswell, 2009a, 104).Therefore, the purpose of this narrative is to discuss what employees at various Wal-Mart facilities around the Kansas City area have experienced regarding the social responsibility initiatives undertaken by the company. The method for this particular paper is a qualitative design. Because the desired conclusions were to be drawn from the specific experiences of individuals employed at Wal-Mart stores and Distribution Centers around the area, it was determined that the best method of gathering that information was via interviews with employees rather than the gathering of quantitative data which would not reveal individual interpretations of the policies put in place. The specific questions asked to the participants ranged from their impressions of environmental policies to treatment of employees…
Baker, M. (2003). Wal-Mart: From folk hero to corporate monster. Business Respect, 52, 13-15.
Chamberlin, Kaufman, & Jones. (2003). Coverage under FLSA. Retrieved from http://www.flsa.com/coverage.html
Chatterji, A., & Listokin, S. (2007). Corporate social responsibility: Progressives need to end their fixation with corporate social responsibility -- and focus on reform that actually works. Democracy Journal. 52-63.
Creswell, J.W. (2009a). Qualitative inquiry and research design: Choosing among five approaches, (2nd ed. ). Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE Publications.
This could pose additional threats (Brimacombe, Antunes and McIntyre, 2001).
There are also two arguments which reveal the overstatement of the estimations. The first refers to the fact that the tax structures are taken as constants, when in fact modifications could occur and result in the allocation of more funds to the health care sector. Then, the second argument is that the business, technology and administrative communities present the population and the markets with various scenarios and tools for improvements in efficiencies (Brimacombe, Antunes and McIntyre, 2001).
5. Approaches of Federal and Provincial Governments
The federal and provincial governments often encounter difficulties in adequately collaborating for the well-being of the Canadians. The provincial governments for instance blame the federal one for decreasing its health care payment from 50 cents per dollar in the 1960s to 16 cents per dollar in 2004. The federals on the other hand argue that the…
Brimacombe, G.G., Antunes, P., McIntyre, J., 2001, the Future Cost of Health Care in Canada, 2000 to 2020, the Conference Board of Canada
Frankel, J., Orszag, P.R., 2002, American Economic Policy in the 1990s, Universal Music International
Freund, D., Smeeding, T.M., 2002, the Future Cost of Health Care in Aging Societies: Is the Glass Half Full or Half Empty? Seminar on Ageing Societies, UNSW
Irvine, B., Ferguson, S., Cackett, B., 2005, Background Briefing: The Canadian Health Care System, Retrieved at http://www.civitas.org.uk/pdf/Canada.pdfon November 7, 2008
This has caused many of the managers of these companies to go without a break for years and some of them have been without an extended holiday for four-year. The valid point here is how long with these managers be able to continue working like this and the effect it is going to have on the other aspirants for such job functions. The health worries and job monotony would definitely lead to a lesser number of skilled workers willing to opt for such jobs and this will only increase the shortage of skilled workers for these kinds of jobs in the near future and thereby cause a reduction in the flow of offshore jobs to India. (Future Projections and Concerns)
There are definite indicators that the flows of jobs from the United States of America to the low wage countries like India and China slowing down first and then…
Future Projections and Concerns" Retrieved at http://www.mapsofindia.com/outsourcing-to-india/future-for-outsourcing.html . Accessed on Ghanta, Babu. (February 17, 2005) "Look into the crystal ball - Outsourcing from India in 2010." India Daily. Retrieved at http://www.indiadaily.com/editorial/1636.asp. Accessed on How Long Will Indian/Chinese Outsourcing Last?" (February 28, 2005) Outsourcing
Times. Retrieved at http://www.blogsource.org/2005/02/. Accessed on March 9, 2005
Perry, Michelle. "Change of scene." Retrieved at http://www.accaglobal.com/publications/fsr/72/2279859Accessed on March 9, 2005
The place to be- Survey: Outsourcing" (November 11, 2004) the Economist. Retrieved from http://www.economist.com/displayStory.cfm?Story_id=3351503Accessed on March 9
The goal of quantitative research is to determine whether there is a truth in the predictive generalizations of a theory which assists in explaining understanding the phenomenon.
By contrast, qualitative research base its inquiry in understanding the human problem using multiple perspective, and the research is conducted in the natural setting in order to understand the phenomenon. While quantitative research uses survey, experimental and Quasi-Experiments methods to collect data, qualitative research uses the interview, case study and focus group as methods of data collection. The survey method involves using questionnaires for data collection with the intent of estimating the interest of the large population based on the smaller sample population. The qualitative research uses the phenomenological approach to understand the human experience. The goal is to immense into the phenomenon to understand the people being studied. The qualitative method also uses the case studies to explore the phenomenon being studied.…
Al-Hamdan, Z. & Anthony, D. (2010). Deciding on a mixed-methods design in a doctoral study. Nurse Researcher. 18 (1):45-56.
Aykut, D. (2010). Outward FDI from developing countries are up, notably South-South flows. World Bank Report.
Bradley, E.H., L.A. And Devers, K.J. (2007). "Qualitative Data Analysis for Health Services Research: Developing Taxonomy, Themes, and Theory." Health
Services Research 42 (4): 1758 -- 72.
Bridging the Generational Gap in the Workplace
The proposed study will be guided by the following research questions:
What are the current main intergenerational obstacles in the workplace?
What are the preferred leadership styles of different generations?
What are other workplace preferences among the different generations?
How can organizations overcome current intergenerational obstacles in the workplace?
The conceptual framework to be used in the proposed study concerns the breakdown of the generations that are currently employed in the United States as set forth in Table 1 and as conceptualized in the workplace in Table 2 below.
Current Estimates of Generations in the U.S. Workforce
Source: Based on textual data in Fabre, 2007
Conceptualization of Continuum of Workplace oles Occupied by the Four Generations
Bernstein, L., Alexander, D. & Alexander, B. (2008, Winter). Generations: Harnessing the potential of the multigenerational workforce. The Catalyst, 37(3), 17-18.
Fabre, J. (2005). Smart nursing: How to create a positive work environment that empowers and retains nurses. New York: Springer.
Noblit, G.W. & Hare, R.D. (1988). Meta-ethnography: Synthesizing qualitative studies.
Newbury Park, CA: Sage Publications.
ACME Mexico City Analysis
Acme New Mexico
The author of this report is asked to conduct an analysis and issue a report for the ongoing operations of Acme New Mexico. First, there will be a focus on two data-collection techniques, those being sustainable supply chain management and decision support systems. The purpose of each technique chosen will be explained in addition to why each choice benefits the company. However, the limitations of each option will be explored and discussed as well. The costs and training of each technique will be mentioned. The problem, opportunity or challenge of Acme Mexico City will be mentioned as well as the roadblocks associated with achieving the necessary metrics and outcomes.
The reasoning behind the two techniques selected is not hard to decipher or justify. Sustainability is often dismissed a sham or unrealistic, even when it comes to supply chain topics. While petroleum…
AP. (1999, August 22). Hurricane Bret Nears Texas, Mexico. Los Angeles Times.
Retrieved February 3, 2014, from http://articles.latimes.com/1999/aug/22/news/mn-2698
CareerBuilder. (2014, February 3). Greater Efficiency by Working Remotely.
CareerBuilder.com. Retrieved February 3, 2014, from http://www.careerbuilder.com/jobposter/small-business/article.aspx?articleid=ATL_0117TELECOMMUTE
Wal Mart Stats
Wal-Mart Survey Analysis
In order to begin addressing two key research questions, how can Wal-Mart ensure decent quality products and simultaneously keep consumers happy with prices and how would Wal-Mart keep the costs of its products down, a survey of Wal-Mart customers was taken. Attitudes towards prices, quality of products, and overall shopping experiences were collected and analyzed via in-person questionnaires/surveys to consumers exiting Wal-Mart stores after shopping. All responses were recorded on a Likert scale of 1-5, with 5 representing high satisfaction or strong agreement and 1 representing extreme dissatisfaction or strong disagreement. The following paragraphs assess the quality of this survey and its results in terms of addressing the research question.
Validity and eliability
The research questions themselves as detailed above are very valid questions to be asked of Wal-Mart, a company that built its business model on the ability to offer low-priced goods to…
Cooper, D.R. & Schindler, P.S. (2011). Business research methods (11th ed.). New York, NY: McGraw-Hill/Irwin.
McClave, J.T., Benson, P.G., & Sincich, T. (2011). Statistics for business and economics (11th ed.). Boston, MA: Prentice Hall
Walmart Co. (2012). About Us. Retrieved from http://corporate.walmart.com/
Sources of Information for a Porters Five Forces Analysis on Kraft Foods
To undertake a Porters Five Forces analysis it is necessary to identify potential sources of information that will give the required information. The Five Forces analysis will require an assessment of the five areas; degree of rivalry among competitors, threat of new entrants, bargaining power of suppliers, bargaining power of customers, and availability of substitutes. This process can be examined by looking at the sources which may be used for a Porters Five Forces analysis of Kraft Foods, a firm that competes in the food industry. Each of the forces will be considered separately.
Degree of rivalry among competitors
Source 1; CSI Market; UL is http://csimarket.com/stocks/competitionSEG2.php?code=KFT
This is a very useful web site which has the primary aim of providing information to potential investors. The page on Kraft Foods is particularly useful in assessing the firm's position…
Baertlein, L, (2014, Sept 30), Kraft challenged by "healthier" macaroni and cheese brands, didReuters, accessed at http://www.reuters.com/article/2014/03/30/us-kraft-macandcheese-idUSBREA2T09C20140330
CSI Market (2014), Kraft accessed at http://csimarket.com/stocks/competitionSEG2.php?code=KRFT on 7th Sept 2014
Food and Drug Administration, (2004), accessed at http://www.fda.gov/Food / on 7th September 2014
K-Mart, (2014), accessed at http://www.kmart.com/en_us/grocery-pet.html on 7th Sept 2014
But the detection between these two states can be easily identifiable for some mothers but not for others. Hence, we can also infer that the need recognition in this ad can also be the case whereby need is stimulated by the marketer through product information. The '#1 Pediatrician-ecommended Non-Drowsy Brand' label in the advertisement is already basic product information. The same holds true for the 'Only Children's Claritin Provides Non-Drowsy Allergy elief' label. The parent is also informed of allergy symptoms that s/he may not be aware of in the first place as the many allergy symptoms are enumerated in the advertisement.
We also argue that this advertisement relies on internal type of influence as most of the product information mentioned earlier are in fact superiority claims (e.g. #1 Pediatrician-ecommended Non-Drowsy Brand, 'Only Children's Claritin Provides Non-Drowsy Allergy elief) which rely on consumer judgment. The marketers believe that consumers, upon…
Babin, Barry J. & Harris, Eric G. CB. Ohio: South-Western Cengage Learning. 2009.
Total numbers of students in Utica Junior High for seventh and eight grades, the number of students actually tested for proficiency levels, the state student population at each grade level and numbers tested, and for truly accurate analysis a host of other demographic information would need to be taken into account (Giddens, 2006). Given the information actually provided, it would not only be practically impossible but statistically meaningless to perform real manipulation and analysis of the data. Even so, some very useful information can be gleaned form a simple side-by-side comparison of the school's proficiency percentages with overall state percentages, and in a simple assessment of the absolute value of the data points.
Interestingly, a proportionally higher number of students in seventh grade at Utica Junior High showed grade-level proficiency in both reading and mathematics, while eighth graders at the school were proportionally slightly less likely to have tested as…
Giddens, a. (2006). Sociology. Malden, MA: Polity Press.
Ohio Dept. Of Education. (2012). Proficiency Test Results (Building) for Utica Junior High School. Accessed 6 May 2012. http://ilrc.ode.state.oh.us/schools/Report.asp?Dssid=37ED891F45555A88FD7A239100A93149&desc=B.1.2%20-%20Proficiency%20Test%20Results%20(Building)&str=048025,North%20Fork%20Local,038059,Utica%20Junior%20High%20School,Licking%20County
In this way, all three methods of job analysis can integrate in order to provide an objective as well as global overview of the job being analyzed.
When analyzing the Packagers job, all three methods will then be used in an integrated way. Because of the size of the company, interviews and questionnaires have been considered as unviable. It would simply take too much time and effort to administer and analyze questionnaires. Interviews in turn would impose upon the work time of workers, and would not be sufficiently accurate to be of value to the analysis.
In order to assemble the information and complete the analysis in a timely manner, it was decided to delegate the self-reporting tasks to team managers. Each team manager will provide a self-report of his or her own, together with gathering self-reports from subordinates. These will then be consolidated and provided to the HR Manager.…
ChangingMinds.org. Job Analysis. 2010. http://changingminds.org/disciplines/hr/job_analysis/job_analysis.htm
HR-Guide.com. Job Analysis: Overview. 2010. http://www.job-analysis.net/G000.htm
McNamara, Carter. Employee Task and Job Analysis. Free Management Library, 2008. http://managementhelp.org/staffing/specify/job_nlyz/job_nlyz.htm
U.S. Office of Personnel Management. Job Analysis Tools. 2010. http://www.opm.gov/HiringToolkit/docs/jobanalysis.pdf
Job Analysis Selection • Conduct a job analysis. • Outline a workforce planning system. • Create a selection process staffing. Course Assignments 1. eadings • ead Chapter 5 -- 7 Managing Human esources.
Job Analysis Selection
As InterClean and EnviroTech completed their merger, the operational complexities of the resulting companies significantly increased. At the primary level, one could observe the fact that the organization would no longer simply offer cleaning products, but also cleaning services to the local health care institutions. As a specification, these institutions require the highest possible quality cleaning products and services. Nevertheless, the ability to kill as many germs as possible does no longer represent the main competitive advantage.
The modern day society is extremely dynamic and continually challenges the economic agents to rise up to amounting expectations. While a high quality of the manufactured products and delivered services is imperative, it is no longer sufficient…
Jobber, D., Lancaster, G., 2009, Selling and sales management, Pearson Education
2010, Sample job analysis, Staffing and Recruiting Essentials, http://www.staffing-and-recruiting-essentials.com/Sample-Job-Analysis.html last accessed on December 21, 2010
Business open learning archive, The BOLA Project, http://www.bola.biz/jobs/salesjob/salesrep.html last accessed on December 21, 2010
Transactional Analysis in Education
Educational Transactional Analysis is the area for this case study example where the client is a school that is experiencing a rise in unruly delinquent behaviors. The purpose of the case study is to assist the school with finding ways to deal with the students that is conducive to changing their behaviors creating a learning environment. The study will also show how an TA in education can benefit educators in a teaching and learning setting . There are a number of reference books that show that this theory is beneficial to educators. For example Improve Behavior and aising Self-Esteem was one text that brought out advantages of TA in the classroom (Barrow, Newton, and Bradshaw, 2001). The experience will allow students and teachers to experience improved communication by providing tools and resources to bridge gaps (Barrow, Newton, and Bradshaw, 2001, 5). This is accomplished by using…
Berne, E. (1964). Games People Play. Grove Press.
Barrow, G., Bradshaw, E., Newton, T., (2001). Improve Behavior and Raising
Self-Esteem in the Classroom: London, Fulton.
Harding, A. (2004) 'Have I Got the Right hat On? Using TA to Deliver High
intelligence analysis process have been discussed. This paper puts light on what basically is intelligence analysis and how can it be improved. It discusses ways via which intelligence analysis can be made more focused and more effective. It puts light on how better sharing and provision of information, collection and analysis of correct data and fact and figures can benefit the intelligence analysis process.
This paper also puts light on different psychological issues that are being faced by intelligence analysts and it also examines the ways through which analysts can overcome such hurdles.
Before discussing how to improve intelligence analysis it is necessary to have proper understanding of the terms intelligence and analysis. Intelligence can be defined as an information which has added value in it whereas analysis is a process via which you can evaluate your intelligence, it helps you to understand a situation and then to…
Federation of American Scientists. (1996). Improving Intelligence Analysis. USA: FAS. Retrieved November 20, 2012 from http://www.fas.org/irp/offdocs/int012.html .
United Nations Office on Drugs and Crimes. (2011). Criminal Intelligence. New York: UNODC. Retrieved November 20, 2012 from http://www.unodc.org/documents/organized-crime/Law-Enforcement/Criminal_Intelligence_for_Analysts.pdf .
Heuer, R.J. (1999). Psychology of Intelligence Analysis. USA: Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved November 21, 2012 from https://www.cia.gov/library/center-for-the-study-of-intelligence/csi-publications/books-and-monographs/psychology-of-intelligence-analysis/PsychofIntelNew.pdf .
Heuer, R.J. (2005). Limits of Intelligence Analysis. Retrieved November 20, 2012 from http://www.worldaffairsboard.com/attachments/staff-college/20727d1273228985-ebo-sod-limits-intelligence-analysis-fpri-winter-2005-heurer-.pdf.
HR Case Analysis
This report is a combination review of the article "Verizon Communications, Inc.: Implementing a Human Resources Balanced Scorecard" and also a review of the process of balanced scorecard. Companies today can only get what they measure. hen it comes to Human Resources performance management, how can they be sure they are measuring the right things? Or, are the communicating the right information to the right people? There are new tools to help companies address issues such as these. The tools allow companies to align and support key processes and to translate strategy into operational objectives, measures, targets and initiatives. The report will try to identify and discuss the key issues and problems related to the cohesion between an organization's existing business strategy and its Human Resource Management strategy and practices. This will be done by analyzing how and why an organization creates business missions and strategies.…
Epstein, Marc J., Cott, Jeremy, and Srikant, Datar M. "Verizon Communications, Inc.: Implementing a Human Resources Balanced Scorecard." Harvard Business School Review (2001).
HR Case Analysis
Economics - Country Analysis
Country Overview and Current Events (News)
Ethiopia, traditionally known as Abyssinia, is a landlocked Sub-Saharan country located at the Horn of Africa in East Africa, bordering Somalia, Kenya, Eritrea, Djibouti, Sudan, and the newly-created South Sudan. It covers approximately 1,126,829km2 of land; about the size of the state of Texas, and was, until the split of Sudan, the second-largest country in Africa. Being landlocked, Ethiopia largely relies on the port of Djibouti, to which it is connected by both rail and road. Economic elements such as this, together with the country's history, population, geography and economic performance have been explored in the subsequent sections of this text.
Population: the U.S. Census Bureau, in June 2013, estimated Ethiopia's population to be 93,877,025; a figure that makes the country the second-most populous in Africa, after Nigeria (orld Bank, Index Mundi). Ethiopia's population has been on a steady increase…
AFDB. "Inflation Dynamics in Selected East African Countries: Ethiopia, Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda." AFDB Brief, 2012. Web. 18 March 2014 http://www.afdb.org/fileadmin/uploads/afdb/Documents/Publications/07022012Inflatin%20East%20Africa%20-%20ENG%20-%20Internal.pdf
This article analyses the trend in Ethiopia's inflation rates vis-a-vis those of other countries in the Sub-Saharan region and was a valuable source of regional statistics, which formed the main basis for comparison.
Broussar, Nzinga, and Tekleselassie Tsegay. "Youth Unemployment: Ethiopia; Country Study." International Growth Center, 2012. Web. 18 March 2014 http://www.afdb.org/fileadmin/uploads/afdb/Documents/Publications/07022012Inflation%20East%20Africa%20-%20ENG%20-%20Internal.pdf
This article analyzes the trend in Ethiopia's employment patterns. It reinforced my arguments that unemployment is more prevalent in urban Ethiopia, and that the country's informal sector contributes more to GDP than the formal sector.
The variability in problems faced by the King Edward Hospital NHS Trust during the period in question, instigated a multi-level response in knowledge sharing and inclusion on practice. Kotter's theory relies upon such a method, where strategies are an exercise multi-tiered obligation.
As Kotter points out, the transformation model may not be suitable for organizations that are in pursuit of prompt change, and the series of responsibilities which result from consortium relationships may apply to one or all organizations within the scope of his definition of institutional cultures: 1) Developing Social Construct; 2) Oriented Social Construct; 3) and Pluralistic Social Construct types. Evidence-based practice in healthcare is compatible with Kotter's proposition. Process methodology including the '8-Steps' process in three (3) phases -- 1) Creating Climate for Change, 2) Engaging and Enabling the Organisation, and 3) Implementing and Sustaining the Change -- is illustrated in Figure 1.
Abidi, S.S., 2001. Knowledge management in healthcare: towards 'knowledge-driven' decision-support services. International Journal of Medical Informatics, 63 (1-2), pp. 5-18.
Abidi, .S.S. et al., 2009. Knowledge sharing for pediatric pain management via a Web 2.0 framework. Studies in Health Technology and Informatics, 150, pp. 287-91.
Abidi, S.S. et al., 2004. Knowledge management in pediatric pain: mapping online expert discussions to medical literature. Studies in Health Technology and Informatics, 107 (Pt 1), pp. 3-7.
Austin, M.J., 2008. Knowledge management: implications for human service organizations. Journal of Evidence-Based Social Work, 5 (1-2), pp. 361-89.
Thus, the Board ultimately had little control over this particular cost, which is how it is found itself in a difficult financial position this year. The general lack of control over the budget is a definite weakness for the Bridgeport Board of Education.
In lieu of financial statements, there were two main resources available to help assess this organization's health. Its budget book was the primary source, as it detailed the Board's financial situation with respect to its inflows and outflows. News items are also helpful. Since the Board is not a public company, it is not required to disclose items of financial significance, but such items may come to light through the local news media.
The organization's approach to creating shareholder value is to spend its money on the programs that deliver on its strategic objectives. These include graduating students at a college-ready level, reducing the dropout rate to…
Bridgeport Public Schools Budget Request 2009-2010.
Bridgeport Board of Education website, various pages. (2009). Retrieved November 12, 2009 from http://www.bridgeportedu.net/
Lambeck, L. (2009). Bridgeport schools face health insurance funding gap. Connecticut Post. Retrieved November 12, 2009 from http://www.allbusiness.com/education-training/education-administration-school-boards/13333032-1.html
Brewer, R. (2008). Bridgeport school funding dilemma: No easy solutions. 06106. Retrieved November 12, 2009 from http://06106blog.org/2008/03/07/bridgeport-school-funding-dilemma-no-easy-solutions/
An Analysis Based on Morgan's Cultural Metaphor
When one thinks about the word "culture," one tends to think about some far-away, exotic place where people in elaborate costumes perform mysterious rituals. While it is certainly true that people on the other side of the world from wherever one lives certainly have their own culture, it is vital to remember that all people have their lives deeply influenced by culture. We each live in a number of different cultures: The culture of our family, of our neighborhood, of the place where we work, sometimes of a religious and ethnic community. Culture is simply an agreement among the members of a group about how they will behave, what their values are, and how they will communicate with each other. Culture determines how we each interact with each other on a daily basis.
The paper examines the organizational culture of a…
Grisham, T. (2006). Metaphor, poetry, storytelling and cross-cultural leadership. Management Decision, 44(4), 486-503.
Harris, J. & Barnes, K.B. (2006). Leadership storytelling. Industrial and commercial training, 38(7), 350-353.
Jensen, D.F.N. (2006). Metaphors as a bridge to understanding educational and social contexts. International Journal of Qualitative Methods, 5(1), Article 4, 1-17.
Leder, G. (2007). The power of metaphors: Use of clever analogies to simplify complex subjects and you might just get clients to take your perspective. On Wall Street 17 (5), 88.
Strategic Plan & Analysis of New Commercial Endeavor
Louisville Community Development Bank was set up in the year 1997 as a consequence of a scheme by Louisville mayor Jerry Abramson and a team of business, community and religious leaders to ensure betterment of the Louisville inner city. The Bank's mission is to inspire economic growth with the West End and the Smoke town, Shelby Park and Phoenix Hill localities of Louisville, Kentucky, by offering a range of financial and development resources. (Louisville Community Development Bank from a Home Business to a Million-Dollar Plaza)
Why you have selected the business or department
As the sphere of Banking comes aptly well within my domain knowledge, I would choose for a current venture as that of a local community development bank. Louisville Community Development Bank (LCDB) is a profit oriented, FDIC guaranteed, commercial bank that focuses its functions in the…
"Catholic Health Initiatives Commits $1 Million to Louisville Community Development Bank" Retrieved from http://www.morethanabank.com/whatsnew100.htm Accessed on 26 September, 2004
"Community Development Banks" Retrieved from http://www.betterworldhandbook.com/action7(banks).html Accessed on 26 September, 2004
"Directory: Louisville Community Development Bank" Retrieved from http://www.morethanabank.com/staff2.htm Accessed on 26 September, 2004
"Federal tax credit announcement spurs inquiries" (21 May, 2004) Retrieved from http://louisville.bizjournals.com/louisville/stories/2004/05/24/story3.html
O does not. She uses repetition of "from Tyler" to confirm accuracy reception. This is a sequence of repetition in which interaction is confirmed cooperatively. We see that . orients his social identity to his institutional identity as an "interviewer" responsible for ensuring the communication of information.
In line 15 . says "cause she lives on the East coast (.) and it's cold." This statement is inspired by O's side comment that "only hers is a hardtop." We can see again a structure of clarification in the interaction. It is not a criticism but a request for further information that would confirm a possible meaning. As the interviewer, is perhaps thinking here of the audience who might not understanding the significance of the hardtop statement. While we cannot say anything about 's motivation here, he demonstrates sensitivity to the incompleteness of O's explanation and to the interview context (the live…
B's next interaction is laughter. Laughter is a procedural part of conversational interaction. B's laughter does not break a rule of politeness or act to offend his interlocutor, O. Nor does it operate strictly as a turn since the laughter is overlapping with O's continuous speech. That is, B's laughter does not break the flow of O's story. It is synchronous with it and in a low enough key so as not to create hesitation or pause in the speaker. It is possible that O. expects her story to initiate a humorous response. B fulfills this obligation as part of his interactional co-participation, but maintaining a level of formality, he refuses to engage in banter or teasing.
Then B. inserts "from Tyler" in line 13 into a situation of pause. This may be a case of B "repackaging" O's point for the benefit of the audience. Hutchby has pointed to the significance of Heritage's notion of "cooperative recycling" in media contexts (2006: 129). What it does is to give O. A chance to challenge his comprehension of the story. O does not. She uses repetition of "from Tyler" to confirm accuracy reception. This is a sequence of repetition in which interaction is confirmed cooperatively. We see that B. orients his social identity to his institutional identity as an "interviewer" responsible for ensuring the communication of information.
In line 15 B. says "cause she lives on the East coast (.) and it's cold." This statement is inspired by O's side comment that "only hers is a hardtop." We can see again a structure of clarification in the interaction. It is not a criticism but a request for further information that would confirm a possible meaning. As the interviewer, B is perhaps thinking here of the audience who might not understanding the significance of the hardtop statement. While we cannot say anything about B's motivation here, he demonstrates sensitivity to the incompleteness of O's explanation and to the interview context (the live audience present) as a function of the interaction itself. It is through the pause at the end of O's statement and her gaze that she indicates the possibility for B. To insert his comment. O gives an overlapping "yaah so" which fails to hear his last addition "and it's cold." While O's marker affirms again the accuracy of B's assessment about the "hardtop," it seems to ignore him by rushing on with the story. She moves on quickly as though
Alfred Schutz refers to our "paramount reality" as the commonplace, ordinary, familiar and general taken-for-granted world in which we live (Shutz 2010, pp.21-22). The question then remains as to whether or not one can escape this world in the context of contemporary tourism.
Shearing and Stenning's article, "From the Panopticon to Disney World: The Development of Discipline" note that upon arriving in Disney World, a tourist has an altered state of reality that is completely shaped by the creators of the theme park. They note that from the moment on "arrives in the parking lot," they are told by the park staff exactly what to do and expect in the context of how these friendly employees are taught to act around park patrons. Handling the crowds in such an orderly fashion is a task that is enormous but handled with odd structure within the context of the park. Visitors are…
Cohen, S. And Taylor, L. 2002, Escape attempts: the theory and practice of resistance in everyday life, Routledge, New York, NY.
Sawyer, R. 2001, "Emergence in sociology: contemporary philosophy of mind and some implications for sociological theory," in American Journal of Sociology, 107(3): pp. 38-55, Retrieved from: LexisNexis Database.
Shearing, C. And Stennng, P., 1997, "From the panopticon to Disney World: the development of discipline," in Perspectives in Criminal Law: Essays in Honour of John LL.J. Edwards, Harrow and Heston Publishers, Albany, NY.
Shutz, A. 2010, Sociological aspect of literature: construction and complementary essays, contributions to phenomenology, Kluwer Academic Publishers Netherlands, Retrieved from: EBSCOHost Database.
As Gerald Mast states, "Details develop the film's emotional dynamics" (138), and these details are everywhere in the mise-en-scene. The most important aspect of the mise-en-scene, of course, is the acting. Actors are the most obvious props -- and Oh Dae-su provides ample instances of buffoonery that keeps Oldboy from sinking into the mire of its own violence. Despite all the gore, the film harbors a gentleness and affection, thanks to the acting from Oh Dae-su and Mido. Even the villain provides a handsome face and charming smile -- and an affable voice; even he is hard not to like, as he plays cat and mouse with Oh Dae-su.
The low-key lighting also helps provide the audience with the emotional connection necessary for the kind of mystery the film attempts to be. Scenes are shrouded in darkness -- such as when the heroes find themselves working in the Internet…
Axmaker, Sean. "Oldboy story of revenge is beaten down by its own brutality." Seattle
Pi. 2005. Web. 30 Dec 2011.
Berardinelli, James. "Oldboy." Reel Views. 2005. Web. 30 Dec 2011.
Ebert, Roger. "Oldboy." Chicago Sun-Times. 2005. Web. 30 Dec 2011.
Team Skills Mock Scenario Analysis
Big Petroleum Company is merging its eastern and western offices, and 72 employees from the company's eastern office will be moving to the west. In order to ensure that the move runs smoothly in terms of moving logistics, housing, office space requirements and integration of the eastern employees into the existing western office structure, a skilled team of workers must be compiled. In viewing the components of the five-member team needed for the success of this project, one can better understand why this project is suitable for a team and how each respective member plays a role in the project's overall success.
Five-Member Team, Duties, and Significance to the Project
The successful completion of the aforementioned project will need the respective successful completion of an innumerable series of tasks that will each prove necessary to ensure that a fully functioning integrated Big Petroleum Company…
Dong-Hua, Wang, and Zailani, Suhaiza. "Supply Chain Relationship and Design
Quality," in International Journal of Management, 28(4): pp. 36-40. December 2011. Web. Retrieved from: ProQuest Database.
McLean, Bob. "The ISO 15489 Imperative," in Information Management Journal, 36(6):
pp. 25-31. December 2002. Web. Retrieved from: ProQuest Database.
There are some clear and fairly glaring changes in accounting policy and listing of expenses occurring at Sunbeam between the years 1996 and 1997. Some potential areas of discrepancy and outright fraud are more subtle and complex, and cannot be fully ascertained or accounted for, but even the most glaring and concrete examples make it clear that some substantial financial finagling has taken place to depress 1996's numbers and inflate performance in 1997.
irst, the two special charges (listed on the spreadsheet and here by their footnote denotations) that supposedly occurred in the final quarter of 1996, if reversed, begin to bring the posted earnings of the two years closer in line. As posted, the cost of goods sold is 71% of sales for 1997 (70.6% for the fourth quarter), but a substantially larger 91.5% for 1996 (and a whopping 115% for the fourth quarter of 1996). Simply…
First, the two special charges (listed on the spreadsheet and here by their footnote denotations) that supposedly occurred in the final quarter of 1996, if reversed, begin to bring the posted earnings of the two years closer in line. As posted, the cost of goods sold is 71% of sales for 1997 (70.6% for the fourth quarter), but a substantially larger 91.5% for 1996 (and a whopping 115% for the fourth quarter of 1996). Simply removing Special Charge A from the cost of goods sold brings 1996's cost of goods sold to 82.1% (80.7% for the fourth quarter). Selling expenses, which in 1996 were affected by Special Charge B, show a similar pattern. These expenses formed 11.2% of sales in 1997 (9.7% for the fourth quarter) but 21.7% in 1996 as reported (35% for the fourth quarter); removing the amount from Special Charge B. still leaves a significant gap between 1996 and 1997 but closes it substantially, with this ratio dropping 17.4% after the adjustment (with a more substantial drop, down to 19.2%, in the fourth quarter of 1996). The earnings (or loss) before taxes can also be adjusted simply by eliminating the special charges to show more similar performance between 1996 and 1997 than initially appears to be the case, though there is still a loss in 1996.
There is an additional restructuring charge of $154.9 million listed in 1996 as well, and removing this cost all but eliminates the loss that occurred in 1996, the majority of which still occurred in the fourth quarter when all of the special charges entered the picture. All of the above effects would be magnified still further if the reported charges in 1996 were removed from earnings in 1997, or were split between the two years. That is, it appears as though false losses were created in 1996 to make 1997 look better, and it would make sense that these false losses were then reported as part of earnings in 1997. If this is the case, performance in both years would be even closer in value and would be generally lower -- especially in 1997 -- than reported.
Taking the new earnings figures and adjusting for other discrepancies in the cash flow statement also leads to some significant differences in the perceived financial standing of the company in both years. While it is impossible to determine how much of the extreme difference in receivables and inventories for the two years comes down to the withholding in 1996 and the inflation of 1997's numbers, simply averaging out the values reported in both years and accounting for these differences (and the different earnings) in the net cash provided (or used ( by operating activities changes things substantially, making 1996 a much better year than reported and 1997 significantly worse. This case does not really suggest why Sunbeam's accountants or officers would have an incentive to engage in this behavior, yet their accounting discrepancies are glaring enough to be suspect even without a clear motive.
The implementation plan needs to be firmly based on a change management strategy each division leader believes in, and buys into. This change management plan is the first phase of the successful development of an implementation plan in that it brings in the most critical factors for success of the initiative, which is support of the managers, supervisor and employees. It is the responsibility of Mr. Ghosh to initiate and maintain this phase to completion with this direct reports.
The second phase of the implementation plan defines how the organizational structure will be implemented. This will include a definition of specific roles and responsibilities for each member of the functional teams. This is the actual definition of the functional structure of the business. The divisional managers will handle this aspect of the implementation plan, in addition to coordinating with first-line supervisors and employees to ensure they understand their key roles…
Fitzgerald, Susan, and Nicola S. Schutte. "Increasing Transformational Leadership through Enhancing Self-Efficacy." The Journal of Management Development 29.5 (2010): 495-505.
Morgan, Gareth. 2006. Images of Organizations. Upper Saddle River, CA: Sage Publications. ISBN: 1412939798.
Rifkin, Jeremy. 2009. The Empathetic Civilization. The Penguin Group. ISBN: 9781585427659.
Ritzer, George. 2007. The Globalization of Nothing. Upper Saddle River, CA: Sage Publications. ISBN: 1412940222
Sociological Analysis: Salt of the Earth
Salt of the Earth
The 1954 film Salt of the Earth explores a wide variety of social issues that would come to the forefront of social conscience in the coming decades. The film examines the economic and social inequalities perpetrated by the economic system in the United States, racial prejudice, and gender equity. The script is based on a real-life labor strike and uses the actual miners involved in the labor dispute as actors. The movie was made outside the studio system by blacklisted writer Michael Wilson, director Paul Jarrico, and director Herbert Biberman.
Economic and Social Inequalities
The movie exposes the shabby working and living conditions of the Mexican-American community. It provides some historical background on how Hispanic rights were violated by white industrialists. The land was once owned by members of the local Mexican-American community, however the Zinc Company moved in, took…
Biberman, H.J. (Director). (1954). Salt of the Earth. [Motion Picture]. United States: Independent Productions Coorporation. YouTube. Retrieved September 21, 2012, from http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aXTcDUxu22A
Conlin, M. (2003, May 26).The new gender gap. Business week. Bloomberg Businessweek. Retrieved September 21, 2012, from http://www.businessweek.com/magazine/content/03_21/b3834001_mz001.htm
"Social and economic inequality in the United States." (2012). West coast poverty center, University of Washington. Retrieved September 19, 2012, from http://depts.washington.edu/wcpc/Inequality