Arduous Labor Than People Imagine Research Paper

Download this Research Paper in word format (.doc)

Note: Sample below may appear distorted but all corresponding word document files contain proper formatting

Excerpt from Research Paper:

But in light of my enhanced knowledge of the author's history, I can now approach the poem with a better understanding of the author and of what he may be intending to convey. It took several readings of the poem to come to some comprehension. I was at first puzzled not sure if some underlying political motif existed here or whether the poem was a straightforward description of an 'Autumn day in Teheran'. Perhaps, just like a conversation depends on the mind of the listener who interprets it according to the specific slant that he or she gives it, so, too, poems in general and this poem in particular can be read and interpreted in either direction hinging as much on the mind of the reader as on the author. 'Autumn in Teheran' accordingly can be read in a straightforward manner as descriptive of an approaching season in Iran, whilst others may accord it implicit subversive nuances, and both can appeal to the text for corroboration.

As straightforward meaning, the text seems almost clear enough until one reaches the final stanzas. Autumn seems to approach carefully, stealthily her first signs being "sick sneezes.. from carefree street kids"; "deep tears waiting weakened eyes of retired old men, women hurrying faster in the approaching cold; and "young women in love [who] drove their shoulders into the cavities of their lovers' chests"

This is followed by the looting of the branches, rain and wind, floods of water, and the perfume of the falling leaves all brilliantly described in metaphor and allusion by Baraheni. Teheran apparently in autumn still is suffused with the sun, its radiance dazzles Baraheni ("the sun came from every side and every angle"), and the entire spectacle, water, sun, leaves overwhelms him: "I was not used to the death of so many worlds / unable to grasp the meaning of all of this."

The poem could be also granted political connotations. The themes and words of death and mourning penetrated the poem. In the context of Baraheni's social and political experiences, we could interpret the political climate starting as a "puzzling whisper" then growing incrementally louder until: " a blatant crow flew in the horizon drew its dagger t the swallows / and savaged the routes of the air with the convex dagger of its beak." This may have been the Revolution of 1980. Indeed, "the crow screamed.. I am your emperor!" See later: "the looting of the branches began in the evening" -- there were arrests and torture with trees and leaves of the former season dying. "A strange siesta gripped the world and carried it off / in the anguished hour the arrow of the haggard autumn man's stick drove into death's running stream."

And with this interpretation, the finale of the poem makes more sense than it did in a direct descriptive meaning for here Baraheni weeps unable to comprehend the rationale or meaning of this destruction:

"I wept without grasping the meaning of this mass of decay.. I wept without grasping their meaning.. I was not used to the death of so many worlds unable to grasp the meaning of all of this."


Baraheni's poem, in a straightforward sense, seems to describe a typical autumn day in Tehran, but if one reads a poem as per a conversation, one can arrive at a deeper, more profound understanding of the author's intentions.

To understand a poem better, it would be helpful to practice three techniques: 1. Understanding the history of the author, 2. Understand the context of the poem, 3. Active listening.

Baraheni was a dissident who fought and suffered all his life for human freedom, particularly freedom in Iran, and his philosophy and goals suffused his writings.

In connection to Baraheni's Autumn in Tehran one could read the poem as descriptive (hints of approaching Autumn) or, when employing the three tools, allusive to the approaching political conditions and consequences of those conditions. As in a conversation, meaning depends on the recipient as well as on the sender. And here too: the poem could be read and understood in a straightforward manner, as descriptive, but, treating the poem as a vibrant conversation with a living mortal and understanding that human, it could also be injected with deeper meaning and,…[continue]

Cite This Research Paper:

"Arduous Labor Than People Imagine" (2011, June 12) Retrieved December 8, 2016, from

"Arduous Labor Than People Imagine" 12 June 2011. Web.8 December. 2016. <>

"Arduous Labor Than People Imagine", 12 June 2011, Accessed.8 December. 2016,

Other Documents Pertaining To This Topic

  • Judaism Most People Would Be

    Jews are not a community of proselytizers; they do not seek converts to Judaism. In fact, rabbis traditionally discourage conversions. Jews believe in one God and do not attempt to humanize Him as Christians do, but their tradition has been to leave others to their own beliefs. Jews almost never excommunicate one of their members, nor have they ever in their history been on a crusade to root out

  • Plato Descartes and the Matrix

    Plato, Descartes, And the Matrix The Matrix can be compared with Plato and Descartes. While that might seem like a very odd comparison, there are many similarities. In each scenario, there is the concept of reality and how to determine what is real and what is not. While it may seem as though it is easy to tell if something is real or not real, the truth is more complicated. People

  • Successful College Writing Anne Lamott s

    This is helpful advice for college students who wish for their work to stand out from that of their peers, for by choosing descriptive words over the general, writers can discover stronger and more vibrant ways in which to present their ideas in a thoughtful and critical way. Goldberg's essay touches on the vital importance of paying attention to the world around us as we seek to learn the names

  • Slavery in America the Beginning of Slavery

    Slavery in America The Beginning of Slavery The first year that African slaves were brought to Colonial America was reported to be 1619 (Vox, 2012). The ship that docked at Point Comfort, in Jamestown Virginia, was owned by the Dutch. The Dutch crew was said to be starving and they wanted to make a trade with the colonists -- slaves for food, Vox explains in The New York Times-owned publications There

  • Minorities in World War II

    The Nazis, however, were seriously mistaken. According to Thomas D. Morgan, "No group that participated in World War II made a greater per capita contribution, and no group was changed more by the war." Native Americans willingly enlisted in the war more than any other group in America. Native American tribes that had a long tradition of warrior culture took up arms to defend the American nation. They also

  • Uprooted The Epic Story of

    In each one, he uses descriptive language and situations to represent the millions of uprooted Europeans coming to America for a better life and opportunities unavailable to them at home. He writes, "Now they would learn to have dealings with people essentially different from themselves. Now they would collide with unaccustomed problems, learn to understand alien ways and alien languages, manage to survive in a grossly foreign environment" (Handlin

  • Manufacturing World Class Manufacturing

    Manufacturing Seven Key Elements for Successful Implementation Norman Binette, Jr. Biddeford, Maine Manufacturing organizations are built on the premise that they possess the ability to provide a wide variety of quality products for their customers. This reputation is dependent upon the constant review of existing processes and the identification of new and innovative methods of production that will enhance and increase the diversification of product lines. One such process that has proven itself

Read Full Research Paper
Copyright 2016 . All Rights Reserved