Managerial Leadership The Process of Essay

Download this Essay in word format (.doc)

Note: Sample below may appear distorted but all corresponding word document files contain proper formatting

Excerpt from Essay:

Most of these historical leaders were usually from the upper classes with a few of them from lower classes having the opportunity to lead. Consequently, this led to the idea that leadership had something to do with proliferation. This theory was also based on the assumption that leaders are born and not made (Cherry n.d.). This is the belief that leaders are excellent people, born with intrinsic qualities and destined to lead.

The concept of the Great Man is also based on the notion that in times of need, a Great Man would arise, almost supernaturally. These Great Man theories regularly depict great leaders as heroic, mythic and predestined to rise to leadership when needed. Leaders are not figureheads we put in place because we need to know that someone is in charge. They are people such as Churchill and Eisenhower who arise in time of great need.

The historical great leaders who we emulate today are people who rose not because of appointment but the great need. These leaders went ahead to mobilize followers in realizing the solution to their problems. They therefore cannot be people who were not very important as some people may argue. The term "Great Man" in these theories was used because leadership was mainly thought of as a male quality at the time. The thought of a Great Woman was generally in areas other than leadership because most leaders were male.

Participative Theories:

These theories imply that ideal and effective leadership style is one that takes the input of others into account. Participative leaders encourage involvement and contributions from group members and help the group members to feel more important and committed to the decision-making process. However, in participative theories, the leader maintains the right to allow the input of others. Rather than taking dictatorial decisions, participative leaders seek to engage other people in the decision-making process.

This participation in the decision-making process improves the understanding of the concerns involved by those who must make the decisions. Because of making decisions jointly, the social commitment to each other is greater and increases the commitment of the people to the decision. Participative leaders provide a platform for everyone including their subordinates in the decision-making processes.

Management or Transactional Theories:

As compared to other leadership theories, management or transactional theories focus on the role of supervision, organization and group performance. Management theories base leadership on a structure of reward for successful employees and punishment for unsuccessful employees. The basis of these theories are the assumptions that people are motivated by reward and punishment as well as the concept that social structures work best with a clear chain of command. Leaders under these theories work through designing understandable structures that clearly show what is obligatory of their subordinates as well as the rewards they get for following orders.

Transformational or Relationship Theories:

As the name suggests, these theories center on the links formed between leaders and their followers. These leaders motivate and inspire the group members by helping them to see the significance and higher good of the task. These leaders are not only focused on the performance of the group members but also want each of them to fulfill their potential. Consequently, transformational leaders usually have high ethical and moral standards.

Transformational leadership commences with the development of a vision and proceeds to the constant selling of the vision. These leaders are always visible and will stand up to be counted rather than hide behind their troops by showing their attitudes and actions. However, the passion and confidence of transformational leadership can easily be mistaken for truth and reality. Relationship leaders also tend to see the big picture but not the details and are usually doomed to fail as a result.


From Great Man to Transformational Leadership theories, leadership not only takes an individualistic perspective of the leader but also takes the perspective of followers. These theories therefore present leadership as a process that is spread throughout an entire organization rather than lying exclusively with the formally designated leader. With these different theories, the emphasis of leadership shifts to leader-full organizations, which brings a collective responsibility for leadership and makes a big difference.


Cherry K. (n.d.). Leadership Theories -- 8 Major Leadership Theories. Retrieved April 22,

2010, from

Mills D.Q. (2005). The Importance of Leadership. Retrieved April 22, 2010, from[continue]

Cite This Essay:

"Managerial Leadership The Process Of" (2010, April 22) Retrieved December 9, 2016, from

"Managerial Leadership The Process Of" 22 April 2010. Web.9 December. 2016. <>

"Managerial Leadership The Process Of", 22 April 2010, Accessed.9 December. 2016,

Other Documents Pertaining To This Topic

  • Managerial Leadership

    Managerial Leadership Problem identification In my opinion, finding a problem in such a case study is strictly related to whether you agree with the LMX theory or not. In this sense, stimulating a certain part of your personnel may be considered efficient or less efficient, in which case there may be a problem. However, there several issues that should be discussing when referring to the way Jim is applying the LMX theory. First

  • Managerial Leadership

    Managerial Leadership Multifactor Leadership Questionnaire The MLQ was developed in the 90s to evaluate the level of transformational leadership, the level of transactional leadership and the level of laissez- faire (nontransactional) leadership, encompassing thus the three important dimensions of leadership. In the end, the MLQ is supposed to make assumptions about the leadership style one may have. The MLQ-6S is a smaller version of the original questionnaire and has a total of 21

  • Leadership Theories and Practical Application

    The benefits of high-quality relationships come from relational resources (Wright, et al. 2005) they create. Such resources include durable obligations (e.g., arising from feelings of gratitude, respect, and friendship), network contacts and connections (including privileged access to information and opportunities, social status, and reputation of influential others), and the ability to have open information exchanges with those around them (Valle & Halling, 1989). Relationships that do not develop so well are

  • Leadership Hong Kong Leadership Developments in Hong

    Leadership Hong Kong Leadership Developments in Hong Kong Hong Kong is one of the great business centers of the world. As such, its business and leadership cultures have been subject to many of the paradigm shifts and economic trends that are attendant to the globalizing world economy. This makes this a useful context within which to examine some of the more important recent developments in leadership theory. Included among them, the discussion

  • Leadership Development Programs Are Sparse

    References Baker, D.E., Walsh, M.B., & Marjerison, L. (2000). Developing high performance leadership at the process level. In E.F. Holton & S.S. Naquin (Eds.), Developing high-performance leadership competency (Vol. 6, pp. 47-72). San Francisco: Berrett-Koehler. Bass, B.M. (1985). Leadership and performance beyond expectations. New York: McGraw-Hill. Bass, B.M. (1990). Bass & Stodgill's handbook of leadership: Theory, research, and managerial application. New York: Free Press. Brungardt, C. (1996). The making of leaders: A review of

  • Leadership Styles and Their Effectiveness

    group leader? - Find define leadership styles - Evaluate leadership effectiveness leadership styles. When it comes to different leadership styles there are many different types to choose from. At the same time, there is also no concrete consensus as to the one style that can be called the best. Depending on the situation, a particular style will be most suitable; even so, one needs to check whether there is in

  • Leadership in International Schools

    Leadership Skills Impact International Education CHALLENGES OF INTERNATIONAL EDUCATION Practical Circumstances of International schools THE IMPORTANCE OF LEADERSHIP IN EDUCATION What is Effective Leadership for Today's Schools? Challenges of Intercultural Communication Challenges of Differing Cultural Values Importance of the Team Leadership Style LEADERSHIP THEORIES Current Leadership Research Transformational Leadership Skills-Authority Contingency Theories APPLYING LEADERSHIP IN AN INTERNATIONAL SETTING Wagner's "Buy-in" vs. Ownership Understanding the Urgent Need for Change Research confirms what teachers, students, parents and superintendents have long known: the individual school is the key unit

Read Full Essay
Copyright 2016 . All Rights Reserved