Note: Sample below may appear distorted but all corresponding word document files contain proper formattingExcerpt from essay:
The therapist, who withholds judgment and criticism, ceases to be perceived in the mind of the prisoner like an adjunct of the guard or police, but as a facilitator of positive changes in the lives of the prisoners (p. 102).
Correctional practitioners often speak of "getting back to basics." Reality Therapy and Choice Theory, which is an excellent tool for either classroom or self-study, is about just that. In the mid-1970s as a young juvenile correctional officer, I was trained in reality therapy as it was the cornerstone of treatment at the New Mexico Girls School. Since that time, many new approaches have been implemented, but if one closely examines all the "innovative juvenile treatment approaches," reality therapy is a basic component of each, and to this day, is the cornerstone of the most effective methods of working with youths. This process teaches youths to stop placing blame on others for their illegal behavior (p. 102)."
This is not to suggest that the reality therapy is a quick fix for the many problems that at the root of behavioral problems for truant and delinquent students, and certainly not an easy fix for those individuals whose behaviors have brought into the justice system leading to their incarceration. Reality therapy and helping people to see their choices, and to identify those choices in advance of certain behavioral responses that eliminate the choices, is a therapeutic process that requires diligence, trust, and patience. It is a relationship building process between the therapist and the individual. It is a process that perhaps moves along at a more productive pace than many people might estimate or predict, because it is focused on the individual, and not a group setting.
There are probably few behavioral problems that would not benefit from the experience of reality therapy. Even complex cases of emotional disturbance will benefit from reality therapy, but this does not rule out the options of other forms of therapy.
Therapy is often a step-by-step process to being with, building the links that hold reality therapy together between the therapist and the client can be reinforced by others approaches for certain areas of a client's problems.
Researchers and authors David a. Hardcastle, Patricia a. Powers, and Stanley Wenocur (2004) say that community shape and limit client behaviors (p. 5). For many clients, like the students and prisoners mentioned here, their negative response is the resistance of that shaping and the limitations imposed upon them by the community. Therefore, we can see how useful reality therapy is for these very people with whom the therapists are working to return to their communities in functional ways. The reality therapist will help the client to understand that the negative responses to the community's rules and laws by which their behaviors are shaped, are not punishments levied against any particular group, but rules by which the community operates without lapsing into chaos.
It is the community, Hardcastle, Powers, and Wenocur say, that also provides the opportunities for the individual affect their community in positive ways, and in so doing the community will respond with rewards for the clients to realize in their own personal lives (p. 5). Combining these ideas with those of reality therapy is the blending of approaches, but it is clear how this is useful, and even necessary.
If we accept community's central importance to people, it follows that community knowledge and community practice skills are necessary for all social work practitioners. Community practice calls on social workers to employ a range of skills and theories to help clients use and contribute to the resources and strengths of their communities. Indeed, postmodernist social work theorists such as Pardeck, Murphy, and Choi (1994) assert that "Social work practice, simply stated, should be community based.... [Community] is not defined in racial, ethnic, demographic, or geographic terms, as is often done. Instead a community is a domain where certain assumptions about reality are acknowledged to have validity (p. 5)."
There is nothing about the reality theory therapy that gives rise to concern. In a day and age when people are looking more and more to natural products and foods, and any natural process that promotes good health; reality therapy, or choice therapy, is an approach which is a natural approach. It is an approach that person-centric, focusing on the patient in an intimate one on one setting, and taking the hostile or defensive resistance out of the client group setting.
Reality therapy is about freedom: the freedom of choice, and the freedom to have more control over one's life through making choices that lead to positive responses by the people in our lives. The trust building that is at the foundation of this process is a learning process for clients, many of whom need to re-establish links and relationships in their own lives. Most importantly, however, is the learning process that allows the client to examine their own role in the choices they make, and how, when those choices were not consistent with the best interest of the larger community, then the choices resulted in negative responses from the community. These negative responses manifested in negative ways in the client's own life. So the client comes to understand that their choices promote a domino effect. Just as that effect can be negative, the effect can likewise be positive.
The personal choices that are made on emotions like love, loving, or the need to survive do not have be choices that lead to negative responses, which evoke negative responses. Rather, those very basic needs can be met with the reality of the situation, and the client is encouraged to examine that reality, first, from the perspective of his or her own goals and what they want to achieve in their lives. That helps to put the choices in perspective, the client's perspective. Accepting this perspective, is also accepting the client's role in their choices, and taking responsibility for what those choices lead to.
Reality therapy is about creating individual awareness, not just one's own needs, but of the world around us too. It is not a lone existence, and working with a reality therapist builds the support system that the client needs to face their future. Reality therapy is not about going back and blaming life's problems on others. It is about owning ones role in the decisions that we have, and which are our own personal source of power. Others do not have the kind of power over an individual, as dose the individual his or her self have when they make their life choices.
The therapist is making an investment in the client in time and professionalism. There is no judgment, no criticism, because that would be counter-productive to the forward looking processes of reality therapy. The past cannot be changed, but it can be examined, and used on a go forward basis to clarify the role the client has in his or her own life. This approach is about understanding self, and the world around the client.
It is a positive approach, and one that empowers the client, and stimulates their creative thinking in ways that have not been done prior to their reality therapy.
Brown, N.W. (1996). Expressive Processes in Group Counseling: Theory and Practice. Westport, CT: Praeger Publishers. Retrieved December 10, 2008, from Questia database: http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=27985548 http://www.questiaschool.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5002544140
Clark, K. (2003). Bringing Back Compassion, Counseling and Mental Health: Featured Presenter Dr. William Glasser Discusses Choice Theory, the New Reality Therapy with Annals. Annals of the American Psychotherapy Association, 6(2), 11+. Retrieved December 10, 2008, from Questia database: http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5002544140 http://www.questiaschool.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=104722137
Hardcastle, D.A., Powers, P.R., & Wenocur, S. (2004). Community Practice: Theories and Skills for Social Workers. New York: Oxford University Press. Retrieved December 10, 2008, from Questia database: http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=104722138 http://www.questiaschool.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5007703291
Kinker, J. (2003, July). Reality Therapy and Choice Theory. Corrections Today, 65, 102. Retrieved December 10, 2008, from Questia database: http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5007703291 http://www.questiaschool.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=108476935
Neenan, M., & Dryden, W. (2004). Cognitive Therapy: 100 Key Points. New York: Brunner-Routledge. Retrieved December 10, 2008, from Questia database: http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=108476937 http://www.questiaschool.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5008576979
Passaro, P.D., Moon, M., Wiest, D.J., & Wong, E.H. (2004). A Model for School Psychology Practice: Addressing the Needs of Students with Emotional and Behavioral Challenges through the Use of an in-School Support Room and Reality Therapy. Adolescence, 39(155), 503+. Retrieved December 10, 2008, from Questia database: http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5008576979 http://www.questiaschool.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=111967737
Riggar, T. & Maki, D.R. (Eds.). (2004). Handbook of Rehabilitation Counseling. New York: Springer. Retrieved December 10, 2008, from Questia database: http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=111967737
(2000). Testing and Assessment in Counseling Practice (C. E. Watkins & V.L. Campbell, Ed.) (2nd ed.). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates. Retrieved December 10, 2008, from Questia database: http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=55450514 http://www.questiaschool.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5010964805
Withrow, R.L. (2004). The Use of Color in Art Therapy. Journal of Humanistic Counseling, Education and Development, 43(1), 33+. Retrieved December 10, 2008, from Questia database: http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5010964805[continue]
"Reality Therapy Is A Practical" (2008, December 10) Retrieved October 24, 2016, from http://www.paperdue.com/essay/reality-therapy-is-a-practical-25914
"Reality Therapy Is A Practical" 10 December 2008. Web.24 October. 2016. <http://www.paperdue.com/essay/reality-therapy-is-a-practical-25914>
"Reality Therapy Is A Practical", 10 December 2008, Accessed.24 October. 2016, http://www.paperdue.com/essay/reality-therapy-is-a-practical-25914
Perceptions are generally based on the present, and therefore, the need to explore the past by delving into it in great detail becomes totally unnecessary. Glasser felt that even if the person exhibited bizarre and extremely strange types of behavior at a particular time, it was because of an innate reason of trying and attempting to find the best solution in order to meet the person's needs at that
Counseling Model A Practical Pastoral Counseling Model Counseling Setting Where Will Counseling Take Place? Boundaries for Safety and Security Relational Style Relational/Communication Style Structure/Strategy Sessions Summation Supportive Feedback God's Riches at Christ's Expense Annotated Bibliography A Practical Pastoral Counseling Model This is an overview of the counseling position that I will take when working with clients/parishioners. I realize that this cannot encompass every eventuality that may occur during a counseling session, but it should be comprehensive enough to account for most of the possibilities
Another person reading this information might think, "Well, this sounds good but I don't think I can do it." This person feels sad and discouraged. So it is not a situation which directly affects how a person feels emotionally, but rather, his or her thoughts in that situation. When people are in distress, they often do not think clearly and their thoughts are distorted in some way (Beck). Cognitive therapy
William Glasser developed his theory of Reality Therapy in the early 1960s. He is best known for his book Reality Therapy: A New Approach to Psychiatry (1965), and for founding the Institute for Reality Therapy, which is now called The William Glasser Institute. He has also developed supplements to reality therapy in the form of choice theory and control theory, which are all now aligned under the heading "new reality
The following describes the process of Gestalt therapy: Gestalt therapy is a phenomenological-existential therapy founded by Frederick (Fritz) and Laura Perls in the 1940s. It teaches therapists and patients the phenomenological method of awareness, in which perceiving, feeling, and acting are distinguished from interpreting and reshuffling preexisting attitudes. Explanations and interpretations are considered less reliable than what is directly perceived and felt. Patients and therapists in Gestalt therapy dialogue, that is,
3. Variables Such as Gender There are various disparities in the overall demographics of this type of offense. As one report on the demographics of sex offenders in the United States, notes; "… although the vast majority of attention on sex crimes focuses on men as the offenders, an increased awareness of females as sex offenders has surfaced in recent years." (Female Sex Offenders, 2007) This study also adds the important
Human nature allows a person to demonstrate the cognitive, social and emotional behaviors that enable him or her to function in society and satisfy biological, psychological and emotional needs. The drive to display such behaviors is inborn but is shaped through environmental forces. New behaviors are learned and unlearned through experience and instruction. Functional human beings are able to read the situation, identify their goals and select from a repertoire