Impact of impulsiveness, venturesomeness, and empathy on driving by older adults
To accomplish its objectives, the research employed questionnaires to gather data from 101 elderly drivers (75 years and above). The sampling frame was obtained from the population of the research to make the research more discrete. The subject of the research was divided into two groups to ease the determination of the qualitative values. The groups included an upper and a lower quantile, and each was associated with a certain qualitative value.
What are the common traits of adult drivers in the United States, and how do the personality traits expose them to risks of road carnage?
The purpose of the exploratory research is to investigate the relationship between personality characteristics and aspects of driver behavior and driver safety.
Independent variables-personality traits of the adult drivers, dependent variable- aspects of driver safety and behavior
Personality traits are distinguished qualities of a person.
Aspects of driver safety and behavior refers to the attitude of the driver to the regulation and safety measures established by the road authorities.
5. The personality trait variable is qualitative type of data because they represent nominal scales. This is, they cannot be expressed in numerical form.
Aspects of driver safety and behavior is a quantitative type of data because it can be determined in numerical form.
6. Personality traits are psychological extremes that expose adult drivers to the risk of road accidents. It will be measured through presenting a list of 15 DBQ (Driving Behavior Questions) to determine the IVE (Impulsivenes, Venturesomeness, and Empathy) dimensions of adult drivers.
Aspects of driver behavior and safety refers to the occurrences that result from the independent variable.
7. The personal characteristics of adult drivers impair the judgement of adult drivers on the road.
D. Construction of questionnaire
8. 1. Has the government stipulated the age limit for old adult drivers?
2. Do aggressive drivers cause the majority of road accidents amongst adult drivers?
3. did you ever drive a vehicle while in the control of alcohol?
4. Does driving at night affect your visibility?
5. Have you ever ignored the traffic prompts because of being late?
6. Do you honk more than once when you are behind a slow driver?
9. 1. How does your age negatively affect your performance on the road?
2. What are your views on the driver safety and behavior of adult drivers?
E. Sampling design
10. The populace of the study is the old-aged who are being exposed to the risks of road carnage as a result of impaired judgement arising from their personality traits.it includes a random sample. The sampling frame includes the list of respondents who responded to the DBQ questionnaire. The method of data collection involved administering of questionnaires to respondents.
11. The sample involved the ignored category of elderly drivers vulnerable to the danger of road accidents because of personality impairments.
12. 1. At times I do not see clearly while driving to the extent I miss hitting pedestrians.
2. The government should provide a means of public transport .
3. Most of the accidents on the roads took place because of the impatience of aggressive drivers.
4. I do not think my age negatively affects my performance on the road.
5. I respect traffic regulations. I do not drink and drive.
G. Compilation of results in a table
H. Analysis of results
8. 85.9% of the population sample were white. The other remaining lot was African-American. The average age of the populace was 72 years, ranging between 57-87 years. The research ascertained that subjects who reported high impulsivity and venturesome were younger males. They were more exposed to driving for long miles.
16. The data shows that older drivers who were recorded as more impulsive than the rest also committed more errors and violations of traffic regulations.
18. The results create the mood and help shape the perception toward the problem of the research. Together, they pool in to offer a general explanation of how the variables relate. The results depict the relationship of the variables.
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