Walking City This Work Will Term Paper

Download this Term Paper in word format (.doc)

Note: Sample below may appear distorted but all corresponding word document files contain proper formatting

Excerpt from Term Paper:

According to Philip Bess,

The ubiquity of suburban sprawl has come to constitute a serious physical, intellectual and cultural problem of its own. Suburban sprawl fosters disinvestment in historic city centers; excessive separation of people by age, race and income; extreme inequality of educational opportunity; pollution and the loss of agricultural lands and wilderness; record rates of obesity; and sheer ugliness. The very physical structure of suburban sprawl makes it virtually impossible for people of different generations and different incomes to live in close proximity to one another -- and not only live close together but also work, shop, play, learn and worship in the same neighborhood." (2003)

Further, the dependency upon the automobile "effectively demobilizes and disenfranchises those without cars..." (Bess, 2003) Suburban sprawl consumes the land and is self-contradictory in its very nature. Sim Van der Ryn in Ecological Design (Island Press, 1995) wrote that: "In many ways the environmental crisis is a design crisis a consequence of how things are made, buildings are constructed, and landscapes are used." (Lynn, 1997) Sim Van der Ryn holds that decisions concerning city design have become "so severed from their ecological consequences" that over the past five decades: "we have reduced a complex and diverse landscape into an asphalt network stitched together from coast to coast out of a dozen or so crude design 'templates'" (as cited in Lynn, 1997)

V. City of the Future Compared to Original City Structure

Older, pre-automobile cities were inherently far more ecological, in more ways than are obvious. Compact and dense, they allowed for greater efficiency, better use of space, and more diverse housing types and income levels." (Lynn, 1997) Furthermore, these cities contained agricultural areas with a potential for growing foods locally for those living in the local area. The city of the future will be much the same as the cities of yesterday in terms of their density and will allow for the residents of the city to walk in gaining access for conduction of business, shopping, entertainment, recreation, exercise and other necessary functions of living. The work entitled: "12 Gates to the City" states that according to Fred Kent, director of the Project for Public Spaces, "we need to consider the ecologically sound aspects of density and street life. Many cities are learning that compactness promotes efficiency, creativity, and walking, and are working to revive old main streets and neighborhood centers." (Lynn, 1997)

Because of today's information technology it is possible that much of the world's business can be conducted on a 'virtual' basis which would allow for reduction of traffic due to the lessened need for automobiles in business functions. Out of necessity cities will develop local agricultural projects because the need to grow and feed the population of cities and urban areas locally is a given according to all the reports reviewed in the course of research. The work entitled: "12 Gates to the City" states that according to Fred Kent, director of the Project for Public Spaces, "we need to consider the ecologically sound aspects of density and street life. Many cities are learning that compactness promotes efficiency, creativity, and walking, and are working to revive old main streets and neighborhood centers." (Lynn, 1997)


While the specific designs of tomorrow's cities is uncertain there inherently will be renewed density in cities and more attention to planning and design than was given during the haphazard development of suburban areas, which has resulted in today's suburban sprawl.


Lynn, Francessa (1997) 12 Gates to the City. Sierra Magazine. May/June 1997. Online available at http://www.sierraclub.org/sierra/199705/gates.asp

Bess, Philip (2003) the City and the Good Life. The Christian Century, April 19, 2003, pp. 20-23, & 26-29.

Kenworthy, Jeff (nd) the Death of the Walking City: Killing the Rights of Pedestrians. Institute for Sustainability and Technology Policy. Online available at http://www.dpi.wa.gov.au/mediaFiles/walking_pedrights02paper_deathofcity.pdf.

Ecology of the Walking City (2003) Urban Ecology Series: No. 3 (2003). Online available at http://www.cr.nps.gov/history/online_books/urban/3/ue3-1.htm

Ellis, Cliff (nd) History of Cities and City Planning. Online available at http://www.art.net/~hopkins/Don/simcity/manual/history.html

Walking City[continue]

Cite This Term Paper:

"Walking City This Work Will" (2007, January 30) Retrieved December 8, 2016, from http://www.paperdue.com/essay/walking-city-this-work-will-40349

"Walking City This Work Will" 30 January 2007. Web.8 December. 2016. <http://www.paperdue.com/essay/walking-city-this-work-will-40349>

"Walking City This Work Will", 30 January 2007, Accessed.8 December. 2016, http://www.paperdue.com/essay/walking-city-this-work-will-40349

Other Documents Pertaining To This Topic

  • Diminishing Middle Class in NYC

    Diminishing Middle Class in NYC If we look at the Lower Manhattan, it won't take us long to notice the change that has taken place in it in the last 10 years. The population especially the residential population has doubled up in the last 10 years as there has been an addition of 30,000 residents who are now living in Manhattan. The main reason behind this sudden and huge growth in the

  • Michel De Certeau s Walking in the City

    Michel de Certeau's "Walking in the City" provides a clear and appropriate lens with which to view and re-view the 17th century play, "Walking Girl." Although the two pieces are completely different in terms of their style and content, they both reflect the way people subvert established social codes and structures. Leaders and powerful men of Certeau's modern age had stood on the top floor of Manhattan's Twin Tower, observing

  • Corresponding Works There Is a Lot of

    Corresponding Works There is a lot of similarity in the works of Robert in his poem "The Road Not Taken" and the short story by Welty "A Worn Path." Frost composed the poem in 1916, whereas Welty wrote the short story in 1941. Both of these written works are for the readers to think outside the box and find the true meanings. These writings have a hidden meaning to them

  • Soul City as Long as I Can

    Soul City As long as I can remember, I've been able to read the minds of men. Mostly men, although some women also yield themselves to me just as readily as they do. When I was in my mother's womb, I could sometimes hear her singing to me. She'd rhyme my name with big words like soliloquy and annuity and anonymity. But my name was no accident. My mama knew I

  • Battery Park City

    Battery Park City Battery Park: Faux apple Battery Park City, according to author and New York City resident Phillip Lopate, is internationally celebrated as a success, as "a model of waterfront development (Lopate 29). However, it has also been called "a broken promise" (Rogers 2005). "The broken promise to use excess Battery Park City revenues for affordable housing was made in 1989 and has been a bone of contention ever since" (Rogers

  • Ballet NYC History and Mission the

    Ballet NYC - History and Mission The History and Mission of the New York City Ballet Edgar Degas's painting, entitled Dance Class at the Opera, shows four women dressed in beautiful, almost ethereal looking ballet dresses, complete with sashes at the waist and perfect buns. Some of the women are waiting and others are preparing for what the viewer believes, will be a fantastic program. Degas was able to portray movement, passion, and

  • Anselmian God Walking on Mars

    I was struggling. I had not felt gravity in six months. My body hardly knew what to do. Nothing worked as well as it should have, with my body I mean, and I was actually kind of worried about getting out of the Rover. Those moon guys didn't spend six months in zero gravity before they landed -- I was the first to go through this. But of course, I

Read Full Term Paper
Copyright 2016 . All Rights Reserved