Depreciation Of Fixed Assets: The Straight Line Essay

Length: 2 pages Sources: 2 Subject: Accounting Type: Essay Paper: #59732598 Related Topics: Fixed Costs, Cost Accounting, Accounting
Excerpt from Essay :

Depreciation of Fixed Assets: The Straight Line and Double Declining Methods

A tractor acquired on January 4 of the current year at a cost of $100,000 has an estimated life of 10 years. Assuming that it has a residual value of $10,000, determine the depreciation expense in the current year using the straight-line method and the double-declining method.

Determine the Depreciation Expense for the current year using the a) Straight line method and b) Double declining balance method. Show your solution.

The matching principle of accounting requires that for every period of time the owners enjoy the use of an asset, the costs incurred should be allocated as expenses (Albrecht et al., 2008). This is because as fixed assets, with the exception of land, are used, they are less able to provide the same services as time goes by. Depreciation is one such allocation process, and it is the decrease in the value of a fixed asset due to continuous use. It may be caused by wear and tear brought about by overuse or extreme weather, or caused by obsolescence, which occurs when the asset is no...

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Among the various methods of depreciation, the straight line and the double declining method are the most popular.

a) The straight line method

The straight depreciation method charges the cost of a particular asset uniformly over the useful life of a given asset. Using this method, owners will pay the same amount in depreciation expenses for every year they use the asset (Warren, Reeve and Duchac, 2013). The formula for calculating an assets annual depreciation using this method is as follows:

Annual Depreciation = (Cost -- Residual Value) / the useful life of the asset.

The tractor in the example above has an initial cost of $100,000, an estimated useful life of 5 years and a salvage value of $10,000.

Therefore, the depreciation for the current year is calculated as:

($100,000-$10,000)/10 years= $9,000

For each year they use the tractor, they will be paying a depreciation expense of $9,000.

b) The double declining method

As opposed to the straight line method, the double declining method, also known as the accelerated depreciation method, involves a higher depreciation charge (Albrecht et al., 2008). Over the useful life of the asset, owners have to pay a declining periodic expense for that particular asset. This method involves multiplication of…

Sources Used in Documents:

References

Albrecht, W., Stice, E.K., Stice, J.D & Swain, M.R. (2008). Accounting: Concepts and Applications. Mason, OH: Thomson

Warren, C.S., Reeve J. M & Duchac, J.E. (2013). Financial Accounting. Mason, OH: Cengage Learning.


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