Gender and sexuality are very important for activists, practitioners and policymakers. Gender and sexuality have a big significance in people's lives in today's society. Sexuality encompasses gender roles and identities, sex and sexual orientation, intimacy, reproduction, pleasure and eroticism. Its expression can be found in behaviors, thoughts, roles, relationships, values, attitudes, desires and fantasies. While all these expressions characterize sexuality, an individual may not express or experience all of them. Interactions between psychological, economic, cultural, legal, ethical, religious, spiritual and biological factors influence sexuality (Ilkkaracan & Jolly).
The Link between Gender and Sexuality
The Institute of Development Studies defines gender as the widely shared set of norms and expectations linked to the way men and women, and boys and girls, behave or ought to behave. While 'sex' is mainly biological, gender is all about the social constructs on the roles, activities, attributes and behaviors the sexes should have or do. These expectations aren't fixed, but continually change as the power dynamics in social relationships and political or economic conditions change. Gender defines the degree a society considers one an ideal man or woman. Every person is assigned a gender at birth (either female or male). The two genders are supposed to follow various norms that are applicable to their gender. Privileges and punishments help reinforce these norms. Gender, as researchers have noted, shouldn't be looked at separately from sexuality. The two are intimately connected and should...
Expectations of the society as to how a gender is to behave affect their sexual behaviors and feelings. The need to act in a way that is consistent to society's norms can limit one's expression of their sexuality. Second, sexuality ideologies aid in controlling women. Controlling women's and girl's sexuality is linked to the control of resources. These controls limit women's expression of traits the society doesn't consider feminine. Third, gender expectations regarding sexuality affect health and access to services. Research indicates that marginalization of women can lead them to entering heterosexual relationships where they enjoy less economic might than their lovers. Gender expectations also influence what the society knows about men's and women's sexuality which then influence policy making and research in the area.
Gender and Sexuality in the Workplace
It is a common thing for women to earn less than their male counterparts in today's workplace. A 2013 BLS report indicated that pay disparities existed in disfavor of women from all races. Women working in the fields of engineering and architecture earn 83.7% to the dollar when compared to what men earn while those in mathematical and computer fields earn 81% to the dollar when compared to men. Since negotiation plays a big role in how much one earns, it could be that women do not fully appreciate their worth to the companies they work for and so don't negotiate for higher pay. While this could be true, organizations should be proactive and help alleviate such disparities. Solving the problem takes a two-pronged approach involving women's efforts and organization's actions.
Pay for all workers should be pegged on the knowledge and responsibility the role requires plus the value the employee adds to the organization. A job evaluation should always be carried out to determine whether the pay is commensurate to the job. One's pay should not be primarily determined by how much they earned at their previous job. Raises and promotions should also not…
Gender, Sexuality, and Identity -- Question 2 "So, is the category bisexuality less or more threatening to the status quo than is homosexuality?" The passage suggests that in fact, rather than presenting patriarchic constructs of identity with less threatening formulation of human sexual identity, bisexuality does the exact opposite -- it presents common social norms with the more threatening notion that human sexuality is not an either/or 'Chinese menu' option of
If not inherently in the acts of sexuality themselves, often in the exhibited sense of entitlement and dominance, male sexuality is prone toward the undermining of femininity in favor of the satisfaction of male desire. In a great many of its incarnations, Jensen argues, pornography facilitates this orientation. Jensen asserts that as a consequence of the "patriarchal system in which we live, a key site of men's oppression of
Berger, Butler, and Waring provide unique and distinct perspectives on gender, sex, and power. Feminism is almost by definition a study of power and inequality, given the prevalence and pervasiveness of patriarchy worldwide. To dismantle patriarchy, it is first necessary to recognize and articulate its many manifestations. Berger’s analysis of the visual arts touches on the concept of the male gaze, central to the perpetuation of patriarchy. The male gaze
Sex Gender Sexuality Sex, gender and sexuality are issues that have been thoroughly explored in various field including criminology, psychology and sociology. The research has revealed important facts related to how sex, gender and sexuality are viewed in society. The purpose of this discussion is to explore Sex, gender and sexuality from a sociological perspective and evaluate the implications for criminology. Sex, gender and sexuality According to an article entitled "Sex, Gender and
Performativity The intersections between gender, sexuality, identity, and lifestyle converged at an expected moment. I was as prepared as anyone else. Andrew is my brother, and I know him well. It was his friend Darren's 21st birthday. Darren is adorable: he's six feet tall, with plump lips naturally blushed the color of Fuji apples. His skin is milky white, and his eyes are shimmering sateen blue. I haven't got a crush
References Anderson, I. (2007). What is a typical rape? Effects of victim and participant gender in female and male rape perception. The British Psychological Society, 46, 3225-245. Anderson, I. & Lyons, a. (2005). The Effect of Victims Social Support on Attribution of Blame in Female and Male Rape. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 35(7), 1400-1417. Davies, M. & McCartney S. (2003). Effects of Gender and Sexuality on Judgments of Victim Blame and Rape