After every four years millions of Americans go to the polls to choose a new leader in a free and open elections. The candidates nominated during the preceding summer at the conventions of their respective political parties' wages vigorous campaigns. They make their point-of-view through the media of radio, television, newspapers, and magazines on both national and international affairs. On Inauguration Day, January 20, the successful candidate for the high office of president of the United States takes this oath of office. There are certain terms and conditions to be fulfilled in order to hold office of the U.S. president. No person other than a natural born citizen, or a citizen of the United States, is competent to become the President of United States of America. Any person is eligible to hold the president's office who have attained to the age of thirty five years, and been citizen of the United States for fourteen years.
Duties of U.S. president: The President's job can be accounted for under seven heads, namely, Chief Executive, Commander in Chief, Foreign Policy Director, Legislative Leader, Party Head, and Chief of State.
The extensive and complex structure essential to run government has brought about many changes to the office of the presidency. With each new president, the machinery of government becomes more complicated.
Before taking charge of his office, the president earnestly affirm to his countrymen that he will faithfully administer the office of President of the United States, and will do his best to uphold, protect and defend the Constitution of the United States. This is the binding affirmation for any president before upholding the office.
The President of United States has certain responsibilities to fulfill. These duties range from the standpoint of social, political, economic to diplomatic. The president serves as the Head of State, meaning that he meets with the leaders of other countries and make treaties with them if two-thirds of the Senate agrees. He is technically the person in charge of every government official. The First Amendment clearly voices a great American esteem and admiration towards the freedom of religion. The President also needs to insure the freedom of speech and press. It is the duty of the President of United States to use his position to advance the freedom of his country, and assure the development of people minds and souls.
By helping American businesses abroad, the Department helps Americans at home, since every $1 billion in exported goods generates about 20,000 jobs in the United States. State and Commerce Department officers specialize in four areas:
Commercial officers advise U.S. businesses on local trade and tariff laws, government procurement procedures, and business practices; identify potential importers, agents, distributores, and joint venture partners; and assist with resolution of trade and investment disputes.
Economic officers advise U.S. businesses on the local investment climate and economic trends; negotiate trade and investment agreements to open markets and level the playing field; analyze and report on macroeconomic trends and trade policies and their potential impact on U.S. interests; and promote adoption of economic policies by foreign countries which further U.S. interests."
Commercial, Economic, and Financial Affairs.
U.S. Embassy at Work
The President is obligated to compel federal laws, advance federal policies, plan for the national budget, and assign federal officials. The President is expected to protect the country during wartime and to keep it competent and powerful during peacetime. The president is also presumed to use strategically decisive powers in bringing the elements of the international law together and the balance the diplomatic weight of the international community towards a course of action. The U.S. president is presumed to make sure there every child gets education. Then people from all walks of life should be able to acquire the basic amenities of life.
President Bush proposed a comprehensive, bipartisan plan to improve overall student performance and close the achievement gap between rich and poor students in America's more than 89,599 public schools. In his first year in office, the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 was passed with an overwhelming majority in both houses of Congress. On January 8, 2002, the President signed into law this landmark legislation that promotes educational excellence for America."
President George W. Bush
President Bush Signs Landmark Education Reforms into Law
As the foremost representative of the U.S. government, the President is expected to show pride and celebrate American achievements and traditions." He is also expected to host dinners for visiting foreign officials, and represents the United States in visits to other countries.
Over the years court decisions, customs, laws and other developments have extended the president's responsibilities and duties.
Power of U.S. president:
The President is the head of the executive branch and plays a big role in making America's laws. His job is to confirm the laws that Congress constitutes. When the Senate and the House favor a bill, they send it to the President. If he assent with the law, he signs it and the law goes into effect. The president has the capacity to assign important officials. The list of these authorized persons comprises ambassadors, members of the cabinet and their assistants, federal judges, military and naval officers, heads of agencies, and United States attorneys and marshals.
The president has the power to exonerate a citizen of an offense committed. He may also grant a relief, or postponement of punishment. However, he cannot use this power in impeachment cases, where a pardon can never be accepted.
If the President does not like a bill, he can reject it. When he does this, it is called a 'veto'. If the President vetoes a bill, it will most probably never become a law. Congress can overturn a veto, but to do so two-thirds of the Members of Congress must vote against the President. The President has power to fill up all posts that may arise during the recess of the Senate, by granting commissions, which shall lapse at the end of the next session.
The president has tremendous powers in the field of foreign affairs. He is the nation's leading diplomat. The president has the power of recognition for the formal regard for the government of a foreign country. Without recognition, normal trade and diplomatic relations cannot subsist between two countries.
Diplomacy is an instrument of power, essential for maintaining effective international relationships. It is a principal means through which the United States defends its interests, responds to crises, and achieves its international goals. The Department of State is the lead institution for the conduct of American diplomacy, a mission based on the role of the Secretary of State as the President's principal foreign policy adviser."
U.S. Department of State
The President is the commander in chief of the Army and Navy of the United States, and of the military forces of the several states, when called into the existent service of the United States. He has the power to make treaties, as well as reject it if he deems it best in the national interest.
President Bush has signaled his intent to withdraw from the treaty between the United States and Russia (formerly the Soviet Union) limiting anti-ballistic missile defense systems, commonly known as the ABM Treaty. This raises an important constitutional issue as to whether the President may terminate a treaty on his own authority, or whether he must seek the approval of Congress (or, perhaps, of the Senate). Although that may appear a close question upon first consideration, a careful reading of the Constitution reveals a clear answer: the President's constitutional power in foreign affairs includes the power to terminate treaties."