COMMONALITIES AND DIFFERENCES BETWEEN ANCIENT AND MODERN COMMUNICATION IN INTELLIGENCE
The paper highlights the major commonalities and major differences in the way intellectual abilities and, intelligence, by name was utilized for Communication purposes in Ancient times compared to the Modern times. Although at the times of Pharaohs and before industrial revolution, technology did not set its path in this field, yet the communication methods adopted by these civilizations had astonishingly intellectual and effective use, helping these civilizations grow and thus helping the mankind to develop overtime. We also focus upon the effectiveness of the intelligence used for the purpose of communication.
Egypt and Hittites-Babylonia and Assyria-Persian Intelligence and Royal Post service-Greeks, Hellenistic State, Ptolomaic Egypt are a few instances of the civilizations making immense use of intelligence for communication by developing proper communication systems and thus conducting the operations of their state. Although some might state that intelligence is the product of modern times considering the technological and scientific developments, but it is not so. Intelligence could be traced far back in time when the states began to form and civilizations developed through various intellectual moves. One of these moves was the concept of universal empire, which was brought in by the Egyptians who with this concept formed a hereditary monarchy and introduced the principle of divine royalty, which prevailed thereafter.
Political expansion was another initiation brought in by the rulers and conquerors of the valleys of Nile, the Euphrates and the Tigris. With the advent of political expansion, the need for information was identified pertaining to the situation prevailing among neighbors, reactions of subject nations and the sentiments of the citizens of original states, who were often overstrained by taxes and beleaguered by wars. This led to the formation of intelligence services. The introduction of the governor system, to manage and look into the states matters and kept the Kings informed. Also, at that time, the commanders of the Egyptian garrison were situated at the nearest conquered cities and natives gaining a living from the Egyptians served as informers bringing in information for the governors as they possessed various ways of securing reliable information. Nobles called "King's messengers" also served as another source of information, who were sent to subjected countries to collect tributes.
Another source of intelligence for these empires was the merchants travelling from Babylonia to Syria, Palestine and Egypt and the Phoenician mariners. Pharaohs had open access to the Nile delta, a service which they availed in a certain limit. The commercial colonies established in the Mediterranean and thus made the area with the Palestinian border the hub of intelligence. Pharaohs obtained information by sending special messengers passing through these places to provide updates to the pharaohs.
Egyptians, being extremely innovative, made use of intelligence to gather information and communication to the fullest. A written letter from a frontier official was required, who was the main personnel approving and observing everyone passing through their territory's boundaries. The pharaohs developed an efficient and well organized communication system and intelligence gathering systems considering the fact that Egypt is geographically spread over a large area. In ancient times, to communicate through long distances from the south and Nubia to capital and from the capital to Asia, in case of external communication, developing an effective communication system was an achievement.
Although the world today, is a completely new world with extreme changes and developments, particularly in technology, there are still certain common characteristics which remain in our society as they had been brought forward by the civilizations that existed before us. As mankind developed over the years, it went through numerous changes, yet leaving behind certain traditional routes to be followed. In context of communication in intelligence, there are numerous characteristics or methods for extracting intelligence through communication that remain similar when comparing the Ancient regimes with the modern world today.
One major common method used in the ancient times and is still used now is the use of governors to run and manage the states. The Egyptian states, although under the rule of Pharaohs, were administered by the governors. The roles that the governors played in ancient regimes and how they…