Participant's Experience A Qualitative Research Reflecting How Research Paper

Download this Research Paper in word format (.doc)

Note: Sample below may appear distorted but all corresponding word document files contain proper formatting

Excerpt from Research Paper:

Participant's Experience: A Qualitative Research Reflecting How to Prevent Eating Disorders in Order to Support Current Patients

This article aims to present a qualitative research of one woman's experience of anorexia, a kind of eating disorder, using interpretative phenomenological analysis (IPA). The details of the women's personal experience of anorexia supposed to be unique, but the general outline is as common as on other patients. The delay of correct medical and mental treatment seems to miss the best time for complete recovery. Supports from society are indispensable assistance, especially from her family. Anorexia is a common illness which highly happened around female, and it is always hidden by patients toward their family, doctors. Anticipating the psychological therapy and consult can help to minimize trauma and maximize recovery. Talking and intervention in early stage of anorexia may assist the way of the woman lower potential to such a serious situation.


Currently aesthetic taste of common society is that no matter woman or man, everyone should be as slim as possible. Models on the fashion show are always thinner than average standard, in another words, most of the people are not as thin as pretty models. People want to lose weight to be more attractive, and some of them choose a wrong method - starvation. In view of a healthy lifestyle, weight control is essential, but it should be based on scientific meal plan and fitness plan (ref). People who want to stop eating for losing weight is dangerous, as they may suffer from anorexia.

The anorexia is a kind of serious physical and psychology disease, and it becomes more and more common in modern society because of the popular culture of excellent body shape. As patients are always hiding their symptoms and avoid talking about this disease, the masses of people are not deeply understand how dangerous of the diseases, especially among youth groups (ref). The most popular pathogenesis is starving for losing weight, so the most effective preventive action is reducing this trend of starvation. Currently, lots of countries have legislation action for avoiding over-slim models (ref), which is an extraordinary action for preventing anorexia. It has decreased the growth rate of new patients of anorexia, but it is not enough.

The personal experience of current patients should be used to persuade potential patients to stop trying starving. In the smoking ban actions, audience could get the feeling of fear from images of organs of smoking people, such as aged skin and damaged lung. As description above, the images of a slim anorexia patient or starvation people may lead to adverse effect, but the personal experience talked by patients may help people to notice the seriousness of anorexia. Except the fear appeal functions, the experience of anorexia has another influence on persuading patients who are confused to accept correct treatment and deal interpersonal relationships. People are feeling shame to talk about their anorexia disease, and disgust others talk on their eating behavior.

In the other hand, the personal view of the anorexia patients is crucial for their consultants and medicine. Like patients of some other chronic diseases, anorexia patients always face to anxiety, angry, social problems or other psychology symptoms. They always feel shame to face and talk about this disease. For helping them recover social relationships, we need to get deep into the patient's world to know what he/she is thinking about herself/himself, the disease and social relations with other people.

Literature Review

In the United States alone, eating disorders are projected to happen around ten times as often in women as in men, with the extreme risk being in teenage girls and young woman (Zimbardo, 2009). Eating disorders involve things like self-critical, negative thoughts that are negative and about body weight and the foods that they eat, and also eating habits that disturb normal body roles and day-to-day actions (Kids Health, 1995-2010, sec. 1). The most public recognized eating illness is anorexia nervosa. According to a movie clip from NOVA Online (2000., about 22% of the inhabitants in the United States have died of anorexia.

Historical background

During the year of 1874, William Gull, who was an English physician, printed an article on an illness he called anorexia nervosa. In his story, Gull had made a description of the cases of two women with who happened to have been extreme weight loss issues and included a thorough analysis of his understanding of anorexia nervosa. Because of Gull's first stages in studying this eating disorder, anorexia nervosa turned out to become a tremendously debated, yet prevalent area of worry in the medical area (Yancey, 2008).

Since anorexia nervosa has developed such a controversial subject, the American Psychiatric Association has established an overall diagnostic standards: "Denial to uphold body weight over a negligible usual weight for age and height, penetrating fear of putting on the weight or just turning into a person that is overweight becoming fat, trouble in the way in which a person's body weight, size, or shape are practiced, and deficiency of at least three uninterrupted menstrual cycles" (Holiday, 2005).

Until 1900s, a woman's perfect body shape was supposed to be that which was sort of voluptuous and curvy. Throughout the Victorian era, the breasts and buttocks had become areas of the body that were more highlighted. As of the 1900s to 1960s, a woman that carried a much slim figure seemed to be what was more popular, and women began to count their calorie intake, which was endorsed by the model Twiggy. Currently, the perfect body shape remains to stress slenderness, but with breasts that are large. Throughout each of these eras in history, anorexia nervosa appeared mostly in females throughout their adolescent to young adult years. Scholars thought that these women were mostly victims of this disorder since they had such a poor self-esteem. Existing research specifies that the amount of men identified or showing indications of anorexia nervosa is growing, yet women are still the majority.

Ever since the nineteenth century to the current day, researchers that have been studying anorexia nervosa have discovered and exposed numerous reasons for this dangerous inclination to be thin. The causes have undoubtedly been transforming itself over the years because of new suggestions and detections, different eras in history, and contradictory clarifications over a range of disciplines. Scientists are starting to discuss a genetic tendency, psychiatry is inspecting the part of perfectionism in patients that are anorexic, sociology is bearing in mind the association among mothers and anorexia, and communications are deliberating the effect of television on those predisposed to anorexia.

One of the most discussed themes in society, particularly relating to anorexia nervosa, has something to do with the nature vs. nurture dispute. This subject queries the parts of genetics and the setting in examining conduct. Most academics in the science discipline, particularly genetics, understand a person's conduct grounded on natural phenomena. In a specific systematic education on the theme of genetics, Michael Strober, Wendy Morrell, Jane Burroughs, Barbara Salkin, and Carrie Jacobs associated "first and second-degree relations of anorexia nervosa and non-anorexic psychiatrically ill control probands" (239).

Within this contrast, Strober and his colleague scholars all had the belief that their scientific experiment would propose that the cause of anorexia is hereditarily predisposed. Their approach had something to do with direct interviews with all "first-degree and available second-degree relatives of probands" on any analysis of eating illnesses and other questions that are relating to behaviors that are specific (Strober, 2009). The scholars in this experiment made the choice to ask all relatives questions that were pertaining to their eating behaviors, perfect body shape, "dietary constraint," personality traits that were involving control, exercise rites, and "patterns of losing weight and then gaining it back again" (Strober, 2009). The account of all probands and their families were also encompassed in the analysis.

What is anorexia nervosa?

People that are dealing with anorexia nervosa have an intense fear of putting on the pounds and a twisted point-of-view of what they think that their body size and shape should look like. This distress can turn into a mania, in which the person seriously starts to believe that they actually need to get to a body weight that is low, either by starving themselves or sharing in extreme exercise. It is said that when a person weighs less than 85% of the desirable weight and still doubts about being fat, the probable analysis is anorexia nervosa (Zimbardo, 2009, p. 409). This illness is supposed to be one of the lethal psychiatric disorders.

What are the signs and indications of anorexia nervosa?

People that are dealing with anorexia nervosa frequently hide their circumstances but as the disorder developments, the signs and indications become clearer and too problematic to repudiate. The eating and food conduct symptoms and signs of anorexia nervosa comprise dieting in spite of being thin and fixation with calories, the fat grams on the labels, and nutrition, pretending to eat or make up some lies regarding…[continue]

Cite This Research Paper:

"Participant's Experience A Qualitative Research Reflecting How" (2012, April 21) Retrieved December 8, 2016, from

"Participant's Experience A Qualitative Research Reflecting How" 21 April 2012. Web.8 December. 2016. <>

"Participant's Experience A Qualitative Research Reflecting How", 21 April 2012, Accessed.8 December. 2016,

Other Documents Pertaining To This Topic

  • Spotlighting Samplings 4 Qualitative Research Choices 6

    Spotlighting Samplings 4 Qualitative Research Research Choices 6 the Phenomenology Method The Ethnography Method DEPTH Four Qualitative Approach Comparison Strengths and Critiques of Case Studies "A research design indicates the full research process from conceptualization of the research problem, generation of data, analysis and interpretation of findings, and dissemination of results" (Magilvy & Thomas, 2009, What and Why… Section, ¶ 4). The Question of Interest What type of research design should the researcher use? To answer the study's critical research

  • Nursing Critique Qualitative Research in

    Thirdly they used member checks in which participants were asked to comment on the data themes and the researcher's interpretations in a follow-up telephone call. Lastly an extensive literature review was conducted prior to the start of the research (Landreneau and Ward-Smith, 2007). Philosophical and Theoretical Connectedness The researchers stated that in reviewing the literature, there was only one study found that addressed patients' perceptions concerning their choices, and this choice

  • Exercise Qualitative Research Critique Over Attached Article

    Exercise Qualitative Research Critique over attached article EVALUATION CRITERIA What is the phenomenon and is it clearly stated? The phenomenon is the impact of the presence of a family while a patient is undergoing an intensive medical procedure. The phenomenon is clearly stated at the outset of the article. There is an option for registered nurses to have families present during these operations. Is the context thoroughly described? The context is thoroughly described, and includes RN's

  • Justification for Mixed Methods Research

    Roles of Theory in Qualitative Research & Application Qualitative Research Write a two page Journal entry on how well you are understanding the roles of theory in qualitative research and how this applies to your Final Project and to your Dissertation. Thinking About Qualitative Research Theory. Qualitative research approaches are grounded in theoretical frameworks that make certain assumptions about the world, about how qualitative research is best conducted, and about the type of

  • Pain and Pain Relief Qualitative Analysis

    Pain & Pain Relief Following Hip Replacement Surgery a Qualitative Study Qualitative research Assignment Research design relies on the appropriateness of either qualitative or quantitative methods in achieving the objectives of the study. In the study, two research studies that use these different methods to accomplish their objectives are evaluated. One of the studies uses descriptive qualitative approach while the other exploits cross-sectional survey. The analysis in this section requires that the analyst

  • Employee Motivation in a Pcba

    Indeed, effective problem solving in these circumstances often requires high levels of creative collaboration (Richards, 2007a, p. 34). In recognition of this reality, employers consistently name the ability to work together creatively as a primary and crucial skill -- even though many organizations have created cultures that undercut individual and collective creativity. In order to solve this problem there is a need of a comprehensive review of the facility management

  • Girls High School Experience on

    In order to shed some preliminary light on the problem being investigated two female freshman students having come from an all girls' school high school environment were selected for observation and interviewing. On the basis of the data retrieved from this preliminary step the research investigator will form a focus group of 10 similar situational freshman students for an in-depth qualitative assessment and analysis. The interview questions and observation

Read Full Research Paper
Copyright 2016 . All Rights Reserved