State and Local Politics in Massachusetts Term Paper

Download this Term Paper in word format (.doc)

Note: Sample below may appear distorted but all corresponding word document files contain proper formatting

Excerpt from Term Paper:

taxes and their implementation in various states. It will highlight the different tax philosophies of progressive as well as regressive tax and what are the various examples of each type of tax. This paper will also justify the local property tax and its necessity in towns and cities.

State and local policies in Massachusetts

Introduction tax is a fee charged by a government on a product, income or activity. It is a charge imposed by the government on people, entities, or on property in order to raise revenue. If tax is levied directly on personal or corporate income, then it is a direct tax. If tax is levied on the price of a good or service, then it is called an indirect tax. The purpose of taxation is to finance government expenditure. One of the most important uses of taxes is to finance public goods and services, such as street lighting and street cleaning. Since public goods and services do not allow a non-payer of tax to be excluded, or allow segregation by a consumer, there cannot be a market in the good or service, and so the market needs to be provided by the government or a quasi-government agency with funds, which tend to finance themselves largely through taxes.

Progressives Tax progressive tax, or graduated tax, is a tax that is larger as a percentage of income for those with larger incomes. It is the tax that takes a larger percentage from the income of high-income people than it does from low-income people. Most income taxes are considered progressive in nature. This tax is usually applied in reference to income taxes, where people with more income pay a higher percentage of it in taxes. The term progressive refers to the way the rate progresses from low to high, but over time it has become confused with modern.

A progressive tax system is that people with higher income tend to have a higher percentage of that in disposable income, and can afford a greater tax burden. A person making exactly enough money to pay for food and housing cannot afford to pay any taxes without it causing material damage to himself, while someone making twice as much can afford to pay up to half their income to taxes.

For example, in the United States there are six "tax brackets" that are used to calculate the percentage of income that must be paid as income tax to the federal government. These percentages in 2003 and 2004 are:

35%: $321,201 and up

If an individual's yearly income falls within a particular tax bracket, they pay the listed percentage of their income on each dollar that falls within that monetary range.

Regressive Tax

Regressive tax is a tax that takes a larger percentage from the income of low-income people than the income of high-income people. A regressive tax is a tax which takes a larger percentage of income from people whose income is low. A tax which places proportionality more of a burden on those with lower incomes. This Tax is such that the higher the income of the taxpayer the smaller the proportion or percentage paid in that tax. This contrasts with progressive taxes where the proportion paid rises as income increases, and proportional taxes where the proportion paid remains the same at all levels of income.

Examples of regressive taxes include:

Value added tax or other sales tax on groceries. Since food is a basic necessity, it takes up a much higher percentage of the budget of a person or family with a lower income.

The poll tax which is a fixed tax for each person: since each person pays the same amount, it is a lower proportion of people with higher incomes.

Gas tax

Cigarette tax.

The lottery tax is regressive. It takes a higher percentage of a poor man's wages than a rich man's. Every study has shown this to be the case and there has not been one published study that contradicts this finding. But that is not all: the lottery is also played more often by poor people and is therefore a highly regressive tax.

Progressive vs. Regressive Tax

Progressive & Regressive taxes describe the tax table, not a political opinion.

Most often these are called progressive or regressive tax tables or taxes. In a progressive tax, the more you earn, the higher your tax rate. In a regressive tax, the less you earn, the higher your tax rate. The classical progressive tax…[continue]

Cite This Term Paper:

"State And Local Politics In Massachusetts" (2004, May 13) Retrieved October 25, 2016, from

"State And Local Politics In Massachusetts" 13 May 2004. Web.25 October. 2016. <>

"State And Local Politics In Massachusetts", 13 May 2004, Accessed.25 October. 2016,

Other Documents Pertaining To This Topic

  • State and Local Politics in Massachusetts

    Democratic Party in Massachusetts in the last few years of the decade. Particularly, the paper will assess why the Democratic Party seems to have lost its historic continuity with middle-income voters as evidenced by the popularity of republican themes and issues. The paper will also specifically, examine the role of African-American problems in the philosophy of the democratic party and the receptivity of office holders and office seekers to

  • Local Politics the Political System

    Therefore, one state could register a higher turnout at primary elections, while at local ones, a smaller figure could appear. Thus, it can be said that the issue of voter turnout does not rely necessarily on the technical aspects of the law in application, but rather on the political implication of the citizens and their interest in influencing the outcome of the elections by casting their vote. In 2002 another

  • U S Constitution the United States

    The truth is that the forefathers were actually quite surprised at the effect that the signing of the Constitution had created in America; at the democratic society and government that resulted after the ratification of the Constitution. The ratification in itself was a long one, and it involved in essence the perusal of the written Constitution by each state for ratification purposes, for which each state was required to create

  • School Finance Its Economics and Politics

    School Finance: Its Economics and Politics School financing in America Revenue sources for federal and state governments Judicial reviews of school finance policy with evolving standards of equality School-based decision making Family choice of schooling Reform of schooling-finance Providing equality in educational opportunities to all is one of the cornerstones of American democracy. The founding fathers of America were aware of the necessity of having a population, which is educated since it enables an opportunity for all

  • Politics and Government

    Government & Politics The arguments contrast two observations. Which of them is the best and why? Give a detailed and substantial response. Charles Beard and John Roche had differing views regarding the American constitution as they hailed from different background. Due to their diverse backgrounds, they have their own views regarding American constitution. A deep study of both authors shows that, John Roche is an optimist and a reformer, while Charles Beard

  • Social Inequalities and Industrialization in the US and Soviet Union...

    Soviet Union and United States Comparative Analysis of Industrialization in the Former USSR and United States The political, economic, and cultural impacts of industrialization in North American and European countries are still widely evident today and have heavily affected international relations and global politics. The Industrial Revolution is usually considered to have originated in Great Britain in the mid 1700s, which at this point in time was the dominant empire in

  • Histories of the United States Address the

    histories of the United States address the matter from a secular point-of-view. The government, the society, the economy and other such matters have been examined and discussed thoroughly but religion and its history has been largely ignored. Religion played an important role in the formation of the American government and played an even more important role in the development of American society, yet, studies related to how these roles

Read Full Term Paper
Copyright 2016 . All Rights Reserved