Adolf Hitler Essays

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Hitler as Evil There Is Essay

Words: 1619 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 651096

But there cannot be any doubt that in harnessing that energy to extraordinary projects and horrible crimes, Hitler placed his stamp on that war and on the twentieth century. (Weinberg)

He captures it succinctly in that we cannot think of war, rulers, and mass murder without attaching those thoughts to Adolf Hitler. A smart man with a deadly mission means trouble and Hitler shows us why. He was able to catch waves of people at a time when they needed something to believe in and convince them that he was their answer. He was, in one word, evil. He used people's fear against them; he killed indiscriminately; he believed that he was right. These are just a few traits that make Hitler stand out as one of the most evil and detestable individuals to walk the earth.

Works… [Read More]

Sources:
Adolf Hitler." Encyclopedia of World Biography. GALE Resource Database. Site Accessed March 28, 2008. http://galenet.galegroup.com/servlet/HistRC/

Bessel, Richard and Kershaw, Ian. "Hitler and the Germans: Life in the Third Reich." EBSCO History Resource Database. Site Accessed March 28, 2008. http://search.epnet.com
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Hitler and His Rise to Power Essay

Words: 1499 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 40365632

The way in which Hitler took over Germany was very open, but yet it was not thwarted by others in the political realm. By the time they realized what was taking place, it was already done.

Hindenburg was still president of Germany at that time, but right before he died a law was passed that the presidency would be abolished with his death, and all power over the government and the country would go to the chancellor (Hitler) (Benderwky, 62). This was a very insidious way to get the remaining power that he was still lacking, and it provided him with completely political and legal control over Germany and its people. In 1934, Hitler told a reporter how people had laughed at him 15 years prior, when he stated that he would become ruler of Germany (McNab, 70). At that time, he said he would remain in power, and his National Socialist party would endure for 1,000 years (McNab, 70). Once Hitler had complete power, a number of people who had been against him in the past -- and many who still were -- were rounded up, arrested, and executed. Many people were shocked by this display of power, both in Germany and in other parts of the world. Other people felt that Hitler was restoring order to the country and righting wrongs that had been taking place for a number of years prior to his taking office. Either way, it was a bold move. There was really no one to challenge it, though, because Hitler had complete power over the country.

By the time Hitler was done "restoring order" and addressing both military and legal issues, he had removed every challenge that could be made or used to remove him from power. His dictatorship was in force, and he commanded the country and its military forces. If people got in his way, or if they were not "on board" with what Hitler wanted to do, they were removed. Documents were falsified, people disappeared, and a number of nefarious activities were engaged in so that Hitler could keep power and stop people from standing in the way of what he wanted to do (McNab, 95). Still, the people largely supported him. One of the reasons they did so was that he was providing them with something they did not have before -- a stable economy…… [Read More]

Bibliography:
Aigner, Dietrich. Hitler's ultimate aims -- A programme of world dominion? In Koch, H.W. Aspects of the Third Reich. London: MacMillan. 1985. Print.

Bendersky, Joseph W. A History of Nazi Germany: 1919 -- 1945. NY: Rowman & Littlefield. 2000. Print.
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Hitler's Youth and Politics Perhaps Essay

Words: 1466 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 52712052

The latter was an important member of this party, and also a staunch anti-Semite. The association with Eckart therefore further solidified Hitler's prejudice against Jews and other non-Aryan races (Fuchs 12)

Like many Germans, Hitler was deeply shocked by Germany's surrender. At the time, he was lying in a military hospital, recovering from a mustard gas attack. Recalling the anti-Semitic and political pamphlets he read as a teenager, Hitler came to believe that Jewish politicians had signed the armistice, thereby surrendering Germany at the point of victory (Schwaab 46).

The German surrender thus served as a catalyst for Hitler's entry into politics

Hitler believed that these Jewish politicians were preparing the way for a communist takeover of the German nation.

Shortly after meeting Eckart, Hitler produced his first anti-Semitic writing, advocating for a solution to the growing German problem. Hitler's solution involved "rational anti-Semitism." He vowed not to use traditional tactics previously employed against Jews, such as pogroms and forced relocation. Rather, he vowed to "legally fight and remove the privileges enjoyed by the Jews as opposed to other foreigners living among us. Its final goal, however, must be the irrevocable removal of the Jews themselves" (Toland 91).

The German Workers' Party, later renamed the National Socialist German Workers' Party or Nazi party. For Hitler, the Nazi platform echoed the teachings of von Liebenfels regarding racial nationalism and anti-Semitism. It was during his early stint as the Nazi Party's spokesman that Hitler discovered his talent for public speaking and generating publicity. Under Hitler's guidance, audiences at Nazi sponsored events grew from 100 members to almost 2,000 in 1920 (Stalcup 58).

Because of his oratorical skills, Hitler proved to be the party's most effective recruiter and fundraiser. His popularity placed him in a position to expel Nazi members who stood in his way. By 1921, Hitler had amassed enough party support to secure the position of Fuhrer or absolute leader (Haffner 112).

As head of the Nazi Party, Hitler rode the wave of German dissatisfaction over the war to national prominence. The 1920s were a difficult period for Germany, as the terms of the Treaty of Versailles cause widespread economic hardship. Hitler took advantage of this dissatisfaction and bad economy, lashing out in speeches against France, the Weimar Republic…… [Read More]

Works Cited:
Fuchs, Thomas. A Concise Biography of Adolf Hitler. Boston: Berkly, 2000

Haffner, Sebastian. The Meaning of Hitler.
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Hitler's Personality and Rise to Power Adolph Essay

Words: 2883 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 4563154

Hitler's Personality And Rise To Power

Adolph Hitler's rise to power over the course of the 1920s and 30s was due to a confluence of political and personal factors which served to make Hitler the ideal person to take control of Germany's failing fortunes. In many ways one may view Hitler's frightening success as a case of being the right person, in the right place, at the right time, because his peculiar personality was an almost perfect match for the disillusioned Germans suffering from the ignominy and economic disaster which followed their defeat in the first World War. Numerous researchers have attempted to diagnose Hitler's personality in psychological or psychiatric terms, and while these studies some useful insights, this study will focus more on Hitler's personality as it relates to his audience, because regardless of the specific neuroses Hitler exhibited, the image he cultivated in the minds of Germans and some in the international community was dependent on a perceived logic, humility, and charm, even as his actions and speeches, from the perspective of the historian, appear illogical, fanatical, and megalomanic. Combining recent historical work with contemporary accounts of Hitler given by those who engaged with him during his rise will help to demonstrate how Hitler exploited a fairly inaccurate view of personality, psychology, and their relationship to power in order to couch his bigoted ideology in the language of science, reason, and national pride, thus ensnaring a population already primed to receive this ideology due to their fear and ignorance regarding the actual causes of Germany's misery.

Before addressing Hitler's successful manipulation of widespread assumptions regarding personality and its relation to power, it will be helpful to provide some background information on the state of Germany following World War I and the initial emergence of the National Socialist party. As is now widely realized, Hitler's rise would likely have been impossible without the devastating ramifications World War I had on the German economy and national identity and the unexpected consequences of the Treaty of Versailles. Following the war and the punitive reparation measures included in the treaty of Versailles, "the economy was in seeming freefall, and social divisiveness was so great that many Germans thought a Soviet-style revolution was likely," and indeed, there was a brief uprising in Munich which partially served to justify the paramilitary…… [Read More]

References:
"Girls Who Danced before Hitler Praise His Personality." Los Angeles Times (1923-Current

File): A. ProQuest Historical Newspapers: Los Angeles Times (1881-1987). Aug 03
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Hitler's Rise to Power How Essay

Words: 1797 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 27189920

It started in the fall of 1932, Evans explains; Jewish businesses were bombed, Jewish synagogues and other Jewish places were destroyed. In the weeks after Hitler's appointment as Reich Chancellor "…stormtroopers broke into synagogues and desecrated the religious furniture, smashed the windows of Jewish shops, and subjected Jews to random acts of humiliation," like forcing them to drink castor oil and shaving their beards forcibly in public, Evans goes on.

The Jewish judges and lawyers were not spared from this violence. All over Germany, the Nazi stormtroopers "burst into courthouses… dragged Jewish judges and lawyers out of the proceedings and beat them up…" (Evans). It is hard to imagine the horror that participants must have experience during court proceedings, to have armed storm troopers burst in and grab the judge, drag him into the street and beat him. Of all the outrageously violent and terrifying events in Nazi Germany -- outside of the death camps -- that certainly was among the most egregious.

Conclusion

The way in which Hitler went from an unknown, complaining veteran of Germany's involvement in WWI to the dictator that the whole world feared is a fascinating slice of world political history. But there was nothing fascinating about the death camps and the horrendously inhumane way that Hitler ruled Germany. If society doesn't learn from a study of Nazi Germany in WWII, it may be doomed to repeat those hideously violent events.

Works… [Read More]

Sources:
Barsam, Richard Meran. 1975. Filmguide to Triumph of the Will. Bloomington, IN: Indiana

Evans, Richard J. 2005. The Coming of the Third Reich. New York: Penguin Books.
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Hitlers' Germany the Role Propaganda Essay

Words: 1434 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 63619546

Marie Corelli writes in her article: Poisoning Young Minds in Nazi Germany: Children and Propaganda in the Third Reich about a math problem taught in the German schools under the Nazi regime: "The Jews are aliens in Germany -- in 1933 there were 66,060,000 inhabitants in the German Reich, of whom 499,682 were Jews. What is the percent of aliens?"(Corelli, 2002).

Another important age group, the youth, received full attention from the part of the Nazis and the first youth organization was established in 1922 and was called the Jungsturm Adolf Hitler. It went through a series of transformations and had several different names, till it finally became the name: Hitler Yugend. By 1935 over a half of the total German youth was member of this organization. After 1939 it became compulsory for the young Germans to join the organization.

It is obvious that children, young people, mothers were only used as means of producing a nation that would enable the government to keep its power and expand as much as it pleased and suited it. A strong indoctrinated nation, ready to fight and to send its offspring in battle at whatever cost was the best the Nazi Party could have. The propaganda worked very well in these areas of education.

The Nazi propaganda was prolific in producing printing materials destined to be studied in the schools. The National Socialist philosophy was poring from all sides. There is a booklet entitled on the German People and Its Territory that starts with the declaration of the very essence of this philosophy: "The worldview of National Socialism is today the common property of the whole German people. All unprejudiced citizens of good will have made National Socialist thinking so deeply their own that it provides the support for every question of life and provides direction for every action."(Eher, 1937) This is how the brainwashing begins inside the Hitler Jugend organization.

The adult population was manipulated by simply proving how effective the new order works in its favour, putting away its fears of losing the old values and order, position in society and wealth.

The theories of propaganda in the Nazi's views are made clear by Hitler's beliefs: "propaganda for the masses had to be simple, it had to aim at…… [Read More]

References:
1. Eher, Franz. On the German People and Its Territory.Nazi Propaganda: 1933-1945. 2007. Retrieved: Oct. 21, 2007. Available at http://www.calvin.edu/academic/cas/gpa/hjhandbuch.htm

2. Spielvogel, Jackson J. Hitler and Nazi Germany a History 5th Edition. Prentice Hall. Upper Saddle River. 2004
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Hitler Youth & the Holocaust Essay

Words: 1226 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 66644155

Prior to compulsory membership the belief was that membership would serve to advance them in the world around them which was quickly evolving and on a basis of "uniformity and solidarity." (Kater, 2004) Just as in American civic organizations for youth whom enjoyed wearing "spiffy uniforms" the same can be said of the German youth. As well the satisfaction in belonging to a safe community that was dominant in the world around them and that offered protection the participation in camping, marching, and communal singing in groups was appealing to these youth and the presence of the "omniscient and omnipotent father, Adolf Hitler, who provided immense guarantees of safety at a time shaken by continued economic depression and recurrent fears of war." (Kater, 2004)

V. Bund Deutscher Madel (BMD) - the League of German Girls

Included in the Hitler Youth groups were the BDM which was established in 1930 and was the female branch of the Nazi Party's youth movement. The group's official title was the League of German Girls in the Hitler Youth (Bund Deutscher Madel in der Hitler-Jugend). In 1933 this group began a rapid expansion and compulsory membership existed for girls between the ages of 10 and 18 in 1939 and all members were Germans, German citizens and free of hereditary diseases." (Jewish Virtual Library, 2009) Baldur von Schirach ran the group until 1934 when Trude Mohr accepted the appointment to the position of BDM-Teichsreferentin" however upon her marriage in 1937 she resigned by force and was followed by Dr. Jutta Rudiger. (Jewish Virtual Library, 2009)

The BDM training programs were characterized by the appearance of freedom within society that girls had not previously experienced and included: (1) singing; (2) arts; (3) crafts; (4) theater; and (5) even fashion design and community work." (Jewish Virtual Library, 2009) These German girls were, just as in the case of German boys with membership in the Hitler Youth trained, educated, indoctrinated and then channeled directly into positions with armed forces and other Hitler-based government in Germany. The Nazi ideology was so ingrained into these individuals that they could not conceive of their being wrong in their beliefs which coincided with the search for the 'master race' of Hitler and the superiority a…… [Read More]

Resources:
Bund Deutscher Madel (BDM) the League of German Girls (2009) Jewish Virtual Library Online available at:  http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/Holocaust/BDM.html 

Dearn, Alan and Sharp, Elizabeth (2006) the Hitler Youth 1933-45 Osprey Publishing, 2006. Google Books online available at: http://books.google.com/books?id=EP54o1ERi9cC
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Hitler's Rise to Power Essay

Words: 751 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 9393957

Appeasement

Abraham Ascher was a noted author of history and distinguished Professor Emeritus at City University of New York until his death in 2012. His scholarly article in The Journal of the Historical Society discusses in great depth the failure of European leaders to recognize the harmful intentions of Adolf Hitler and the Third Reich -- until it was too late.

Ascher points out with well-crafted narrative and well-verified sources that Hitler should not have been a riddle at all -- albeit the Nazi leader had a "penchant for contradictory pronouncements" and few European leaders had read Mein Kampf -- because all the signs showed Hitler's villainous obsession with power and his ability to stir up extreme nationalistic emotions (Ascher, 2009).

The purpose that Ascher had in writing the article was to carefully, thoroughly review the way in which European leaders (in particular, British leaders) came to slowly understand Hitler's "…commitment to militarism" and in the process appeased the fanatical dictator who hated Jews.

The article's main contention / argument is that Hitler was crafty and clever in his ability to use propaganda to coax the German people into giving him dictatorial powers; and that all along Hitler had hideously violent plans driven by his anti-Semitism. Ascher uses several pages of his essay to reference reports / dispatches authored by Sir. John Horace Rumbold, the British ambassador to Berlin (1928-1933), which boldly and clearly spelled out Hitler's fanaticism and apparent plans to dominate Europe. If Hitler has his way, "The German race…would now be master of the globe…" Rumbold wrote (Ascher, p. 8).

The main point Ascher is trying to get across is that notwithstanding the repeated official warnings about Hitler's huge military build-up and ambassadorial reports referencing Hitler's raging, unstable personality -- from Rumbold and from Sir Eric Phipps (ambassador who took over in 1933) -- England apparently was reducing its forces and wasn't overly concerned. Here is a typical report mentioned by Ascher: "Phipps warned his superiors at the Foreign Office that it would be folly for Western countries to make concessions to the Germans" (Ascher, p. 13).

Here are…… [Read More]

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Adolph Hitler Essay

Words: 538 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 92304428

Adolf Hitler was born on April 20, 1889 in Austria, just near the country's border from Germany. He lived a life in poverty during his childhood and adolescent years. After his parents died, he lived his life alone, working precariously as a painter while transferring from one place to stay to another (HTRC). According to HTRC online, the early life of Hitler is already characterized by the disturbed person that he came to be. Following are some of Hitler's characteristics (HTRC).

A inability to establish ordinary human relationships;

intolerance and hatred both of the established bourgeois world and of non-German peoples, especially the Jews; tendency to passionate, denunciatory outbursts; and a readiness to live in a world of fantasy to escape from his poverty and failure.

Adolf Hitler had been a volunteer soldier in World War I. Being in the military gave him a relief from his poverty and provided him with enthusiasm in war, violence, and politics. After the war, Hitler once again experienced a deprived life until he became an army political agent for the Bavarian military command (Sauer). In 1919, he joined the German Workers' Party (Who2) in an aim to spread nationalism. Hitler soon became the group's leader and renamed the party into National Socialistiche Deutsche Arbeiterpartei, abbreviated as Nazi.

The Rise of Hitler's Power

Although Hitler and the Nazis failed during their first emergence, their power came to rise again in 1933. This was the start of the significant events, though not positive ones, that Hitler made in history. According to Sauer, on Hitler's command,

His rule resulted in the destruction of the German…… [Read More]

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Hitler as a Politician Hitler Essay

Words: 1154 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 90079531

This included the
annexation of Czechoslovakia. He reneged on areas in Poland which had been
ceded from German in the Versailles treaty. While Britain and the Soviet
Union were unable to come to an alliance, Germany was able to develop a non-
aggression pact with Stalin, negotiated over the partitioning of Poland.
Hitler continued to work against significant disbelief on the part of the
general European public and conquered France, the Netherlands, Luxembourg
and Belgium. Hitler took advantage of Europeans disbelief that another war
to the extent degree of World War I was possible, and certainly not
possible under the restrictions placed on Germany by the Treaty of
Versailles. Hitler's victory brought France and Italy to his side.
Hitler was unable to obtain air superiority over Britain, despite
blistering attacks on British cities. The ability of the British to hold
out against the rest of Europe was a rallying cry against Hitler. His
greatest failure was likely related to his duplicitous nature, in which he
broke the non-aggression pact with the Soviet Union and ordered the attack
on Russia in June 1941. Hitler had anticipated a quick victory in the
Soviet Union, and the unexpected hold out by Moscow, Leningrad and St
Petersburg strained Hitler's ability to fight on several fronts. His
declaration of war against the United States after the attack by the
Japanese on Pearl Harbor set the British, Americans and the Soviet Union
strongly against him. His defeats in the Middle East as well as in the
long battle of Stalingrad were significant turning points in his work as a
war leader, and were the beginning of the end of Germany's military and
economic dominance.
Hitler as strategist
As a strategist, Hitler appeared to have sound ideas regarding
returning Germany to the status of super power less than 3 decades after
significant defeat. It appears, however, that things got away from him.
He reneged on the non-aggression pact with the Soviet Union requiring that
he fight a war on three fronts at one time. This spread his resources too
thin, and increased the frequency and…… [Read More]

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What I Have Learned About Hitler Essay

Words: 601 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 74499515

Hitler's early life as well as his rise to power in Germany. This paper will discuss the Nazi Party and the start of the Second World War.

Early Life

Adolf Hitler was born on April 20, 1889, in Braunau, Austria, a small town across the Inn River from Germany. He was the fourth child of his father's third marriage. His father, Alois was born illegitimate and this would later have bearing on Adolf's mental state. Years later, some of Hitler's political opponents would insult him by calling him Schicklgruber or German for bastard. Adolf received good marks in elementary school, but did poorly high school. This greatly disappointed his father who wanted his son to have a career as a civil servant. Instead Adolf wanted to study art.

In 1907, Hitler went to Vienna where he wanted to be an art student. He failed the entrance examination of the Academy of Fine Arts twice. His mother died in 1907. Adolf had an income from the money his mother left him and inherited some money from his aunt. He lived comfortably and idly during most of his stay in Vienna, considering himself an artist.

Rise to Power

It was during this time that he developed an interest in politics and the German Nationalistic movement. He recognized in himself a dislike of people of certain religions, races and creed and wanted to join the army. He also failed that physical exam and was unable to serve. However upon the outbreak of the First World War, he volunteered for service and fought heroically for Germany. His country's loss left him bitter and enraged. While recovering for mustard gas exposure, he joined the German Worker's Party, which later would become the Nazi Party. This party was extremely loyal to the German way…… [Read More]

Bibliography:
In closing, many think Adolf Hitler was a mad man. Still he displayed amazing leadership skills. He is considered one of the great villains of modern times.

Word Cited

World Book Multimedia Encyclopedia. New York: World Book, Inc., 2003.
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Austria Which Influenced Hitler and Essay

Words: 5425 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 6458210

During this period, Austria also continued industrial expansion, but at a slower pace than Germany.

With growth came further instability. Investment and founding of new organizations exploded since 1867, with over 400 new corporations being founded (Pulzer 1964) from 1867 to 1872. This was the age of the Gruender, which meant "entrepreneur," but also came to be associated with financially shaky schemes which resulted in the bursting of a speculative bubble in 1873.

The period of the Liberal government spanned from 1867 to 1879, a period during which Austria lost its power and prestige, unemployment and economic insecurity reigned, and newly-vociferous minorities were exerting their rights to equality in language and culture. In the meantime, Germany seemed to be growing from success to success, as its liberalization engendered national unity and a growth in wealth and military power.

Conservative Ascendancy in Austria

The nature of the conservatives in Austria was different than in other Germanic countries. It was backward-looking in a way that rejected the new industrializing tendencies of neighboring Germany and Switzerland. Although a democracy, the Austrian government only enfranchised wealthier working men (largely guild members) in 1882; these so-called "5-guilder men" were generally urban and in the elite. Broader enfranchisement waited until 1896, when peasants and farmers came into the voting public (Grandner 1994).

The accession of 5-guilder men and later the peasants fueled a backlash in Austrian politics. The industrial workers were under threat from immigrants, free trade and industrialization. The peasants were also under threat from cheaper labor and cheaper imported foodstuffs. Thus the political backlash against trends in Austria was exacerbated by a change in voting eligibility during the period.

Austria joined with Germany in 1879 in a Zweibund, in which both countries agreed to share in commercial and political efforts. Austria began to adopt some of the same social welfare policies as Bismarck in Germany, primarily as a response to the emerging dangers of socialism. Although Austria tried to emulate Germany as much as possible, it was a profoundly poorer and…… [Read More]