Death And Dying Essays Examples

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Death & Dying - Euthanasia

Words: 1165 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 67399499

On the other hand, it is much less clear what the presumed logical basis is of governmental intrusion into the choice to end one's life where that decision is made by a sane person who is not responsible for others.

In medicine, that dilemma arises only among patients whose choice to end life is motivated by the understandable desire to escape untreatable physical pain or discomfort.

In some cases, it is not necessarily pain per se that the patient, but physical or cognitive debilitation that patients wish to escape by authorizing their physicians to end their lives painlessly. Typically, Dr. Kevorkian's patients suffered from incurable illnesses and congenital diseases that caused them more pain than they wished to endure until their natural death. All of Dr. Kevorkian's patients suffered from incurable conditions that either caused continual physical pain that could not be relieved by any medical treatment or they wished to avoid a tremendously uncomfortable death, albeit by "natural causes," such as by slow suffocation from gradual paralysis of their respiratory function at the end stage of disease (Humphry, 2002; Martindale, 2007).

In the modern age of medicine, the arsenal of treatment modalities undeniably provides tremendous benefits to millions of…… [Read More]

Sources:
Humphry, D. (2002). Final Exit: The Practicalities of Self-Deliverance and Assisted Suicide for the Dying. Junction: Norris Lane Press.

Levine, C. (2008). Taking Sides: Clashing Views on Bioethical Issues 12th Ed. Dubuque Iowa: McGraw Hill.
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Death & Dying - Hospice

Words: 989 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 41884798

During that time, I cannot recall mourning, but I cannot recall feeling much of anything else, either.

My grief returned more intensely than before at the graveside service.

Afterwards, I was exhausted by the emotional flood that I had experienced, but it is equally possible that the relief was more a function of all the energy that it had required not to release during the time between my father's death and his funeral. As powerful as the feelings of outright grief were some of the more unexpected feelings I began to experience in the next few weeks: feelings of anger at my father, anger at myself, shame, totally inexplicable feelings of hurt, and fear, and also relief.

A realized for the fist time, only weeks after my father's death, that I was angry at my father: angry that he'd refused the dialysis which could have prolonged his life; angry at having had to watch him die because of that decision. Consciously, I understood that my father's situation was terminal and that he deserved not to be in pain, but on some other level - perhaps the level of the child of his that I will always be - I was…… [Read More]

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Death and Sustainable Happiness in

Words: 580 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 81000162

Grief or loss can cause change -- force evolution, if you will, into the human ability for personal growth and self-actualization. Certainly grief is a human emotion; as much a part of us (Kubler-Ross, 2009). Psychologically, grief is a response to loss -- conventionally emotional, but also having physical, cognitive, social, philosophical, and even behavioral dimensions.

There are numerous theories about grief, some popularized, some scholarly, but all try to explain the "process" humans engender when dealing with loss. Even one of the more popularized, yet useful, theories, Kubler-Ross, though, states that the grief stages, "have evolved since their introduction, and they have been very misunderstood over the past three decades. They were never meant to tuck messy emotions into neat packages. They are responses to loss that many people have, but there is not a typical response to loss. There is no typical loss. Our grief is as individual as our lives" (Kubler-Ross, on Grief and Grieving, 2007, 1).

Potential Outline

Thesis, what are the issues, why is this important

Literature Review -- on death, dying and sustainable happiness

Body

1. Humans and death -- historiography

2. Ethical models: deontology, utilitarianism, beneficence, etc. - bioethics

3. Biological aspects of…… [Read More]

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Death the Four Categories of

Words: 2676 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 34163404

As one performs their dharma, they earn karma, which is the cause and effect aspect of Hinduism. Karma explains good actions bring good results, and by obeying this principle and dharma, one can experience rebirth into a "better" life that puts one in a stronger position to achieve moksha. The ultimate goal for any Hindu soul is to achieve moksha, which is the liberation from samsara, the cycle of life and death (Chidester: 85). The critical aspect of Hinduism is realizing when the body dies, the Self (Atman) does not die. The Self is carried from life to life, through reincarnation, and the secret to death is to realize the Supreme Self hidden in the heart through meditation and grace (Kramer: 30). Realizing Self in Hindu customs is required to achieve moksha, and be liberated from the endless round of birth, death, and rebirth of samsara. Only when the Self is realized can one truly achieve death.

The Buddhist concept of death is similar to Hinduism with respect to the idea of liberation. In Buddhism, samsara refers to the continuous flow of life and exposure to suffering. Buddhist understanding of death explains that all life is vulnerable to suffering, everything…… [Read More]

References:
Chidester, D. Patterns of Transcendence: Religion, Death, and Dying. 2nd ed. Belmont, CA:

Wadsworth Publishing, 2001. 1-216. Print.
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Death Society and Human Experience

Words: 1071 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 62489670

" (Willmott 2000) in other words, the reality of death is removed to the edges of culture and society; which means that the significance and reality of death is in effect 'anesthetized' by institutions such as the medicine and science. As Giddens states, death is avoided or excluded from common social life and from "…fundamental existential issues which raise central moral dilemmas for human beings." (Giddens 156)

This suggests that the taboo about death and its avoidance in the cultural discourse is linked to the structure and the composition of modern society and culture. There is a sense that death is seen as the pornography of the modern age. "Helmut Thielicke observed that death is coming to have the same position in modern life and literature that sex had in Victorian times." (the avoidance of death in our modern world)

If we analyze the sociological structure of modern society we can argue that this desire to avoid or sequestrate death in ordinary social discourse is linked to the rise of secularization in modern western society. This is also linked to other cultural phenomenon in the West such as science, materialism and the dominance of the medical profession with regard to…… [Read More]

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Death in Different Societies

Words: 994 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 30374028

social science viewpoint toward death can be valuable both for society and for individuals. In most societies, death plays a major role in how lives are shaped. Certainly, the way that death is handled in society can differ, and governs attitudes that society has towards death. Social sciences can help us to understand a little bit more about how societies deal with death, and we can understand the role that death plays in our lives. The author in particular notes that more or how we live and die is connected to our societal views about death, and illustrates this with example of the shift away from death as a religious experience that occurred in the 19th century, and how this change was coincidental to other changes in how we lived our lives and how we defined our lives.

The social sciences can also be valuable to help us understand our own views on death. At the beginning of the chapter the author asks the rhetorical question about why we should interrupt our lives to think about death. The reality is that this will happen regardless -- we will lose people and will one day fact death ourselves. Having a better…… [Read More]

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Death Explored in Thanatopsis and

Words: 1518 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 79863904

While "The Raven" is a powerful poem, it reads more like a story and therefore seems less serious and effective than "Thanatopsis." In their uniqueness, each poem realizes the human condition in that we can and are affected by death in different ways. In short, every individual will handle death and the thoughts of death in his or her own way.

Works Cited

Bryant, William Cullen. "Thanatopsis." Masterpieces of American Poetry. Van Doren, Mark, ed. New York: Garden City Publishing Co., Inc. 1936.

Eddings, Dennis. "Theme and Parody in 'The Raven.'" Poe and His Times: The Artist and His Milieu. 1990. Gale Resource Database. Information Retrieved December 08, 2008. http://www.infotrac.galegroup.com

Gado, Frank. Dictionary of Literary Biography, Volume 250: Antebellum Writers in New York. 2001. Gale Resource Database. Information Retrieved December 08, 2008. http://www.infotrac.galegroup.com

Poe, Edgar Allan. "The Raven." The Complete Tales of Mystery and Imagination. Minneapolis: Amaranth Press. 1981.

Rio-Jelliffe, R. "Thanatopsis' and the Development of American Literature." William Cullen Bryant and His America. 1983. Gale Resource Database. Information Retrieved December 08, 2008. http://www.infotrac.galegroup.com

Thompson, G.R. Egar Allan Poe." Purdue University. Dictionary of Literary Biography, Volume 3: Antebellum Writers in New York and the South. 1979. Gale Resource Database. Information…… [Read More]

Resources:
Bryant, William Cullen. "Thanatopsis." Masterpieces of American Poetry. Van Doren, Mark, ed. New York: Garden City Publishing Co., Inc. 1936.

Eddings, Dennis. "Theme and Parody in 'The Raven.'" Poe and His Times: The Artist and His Milieu. 1990. Gale Resource Database. Information Retrieved December 08, 2008. http://www.infotrac.galegroup.com
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Death Have an Effect on

Words: 1281 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 68552895



Losing a pet is difficult for anyone, but children may take longer to grieve and get over the loss than adults do. A small amount of depression, acting out, or gloominess can be expected, and should go away. Longer periods or abnormal activity following loss should be addressed by the parent, a counselor or minister, or a grief counselor. Warning signs of severe or prolonged grief will vary depending on the child's age, relationship with the pet, emotional maturity, circumstances involved with the death, and so on.

Others find that children are far more resilient that adults in coping with death. Because they have a limited ability to understand chronology, unless faced with something quite traumatic, they are usually able to process grief, accept the issue, and sometimes with a little help or explanation, simply move through the issue with very little scaring. Children are exposed to many more issues via mass media, advertising, schoolyard conversation, video games, graphic novels, and even observation than ever before. It is not unusual for a child to see, for instance, carnage from war or natural disasters on the nightly news. The events of 9/11 are a perfect example of a direct and indirect…… [Read More]

References:
Noonan, Ellen. (2008). "People and pets." Psychodynamic Practice. 14(4): 395-407.

Pardeck, J. And M. Markward. (1995). "Bibliotherapy: Using Books to Help Children

With Problems." Early Childhood Development and Care. 106 (1): 75-90.
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Death Dying

Words: 618 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 71530182

Healthcare

The Pilgrims Must Embark addresses specific issues associated with treating persons with AIDS (PWA). The film exhibits the importance of cultural sensitivity and communications in nursing. "Many hospitals are ill equipped to care for the chronically ill, and nursing homes are reluctant to admit PWA," (Adelman & Frey, n.d., p. 4). Creating an independent but assisted living community became the central challenge, focus, and goal of the Bonaventure House. The staff helps develop a family experience for the residents, bringing people together not just in the same physical space but also emotional and spiritual space. There is a common ground between the PWA residents at Bonaventure House, and the enormous diversity of age, gender, background, lifestyle, and ethnicity become sources of strength. Herein lies the secrets to how Bonaventure House model. Similar communications-related issues are at play at the La Communidad Habla (LCH), described in "Bridging the Health and Digital Divide in a Low-Income Latino/a Immigrant Community." The goal is to enhance communications at all levels of the organization.

When sustaining community relations, it is important to acknowledge the tensions that naturally exist when living in a group setting. There is a struggle between autonomy and privacy vs. collectivity,…… [Read More]

Sources:
Adelman & Frey (n.d.). The pilgrim must embark. Chapter 1.

"Bridging the Health and Digital Divide in a Low-Income Latino/a Immigrant Community." Chapter 16.
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East vs West When it Comes to Death

Words: 853 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 54704344

Death & Dying

The general beliefs about death and dying have shifted greatly over the years and centuries of known human existence. There are surely things from before recorded and known human history that can be said about death and dying that would be intriguing. In both modern and historic times, there has been a marked difference between the way that the Western civilizations handle and perceive death and dying and Eastern philosophies do the same. There are even patterns and customs that occur when it is obvious and apparent that a person's death is imminent due to old age or sicknesses like cancer. Of course, examples of the West would include Western Europe, Australia and North America, including the United States. The East would include China, Japan and many other countries in Asia. There are some similarities between the United States and the Eastern death and dying practices and beliefs, there are also some clear and obvious differences.

Analysis

One major behavior and pattern that emerges in the United States when it comes to death and dying is denial. Many people have a hard time coming to grips with the passage of a loved one or friend. Rather than…… [Read More]

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Coping With Death

Words: 758 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 96230199

Death and Dying

There is no right or wrong way to react to someone's death or to someone who is dying. Grief is as individual as anything can be. Some cry uncontrollably and even have to be sedated. Others become silent and uncommunicative. A person's culture will invariably impact the way they grieve because it will socially dictate behaviors that are appropriate or inappropriate to a given set of conditions. There are some communities which, instead of grieving, choose to think only of the good times that they spent with the deceased. The Irish tradition of the wake exemplifies this model of grief. Other cultures, such as the Jewish people, will take days to mourn their loved one and devote a week to the process. In the United States there are many cultures all living in one place and each has its own practices about dealing with grief and the death of someone close. Of particular interest to historians and sociologists are the various grieving practices of the Native American tribes and what it says about the United States as a whole. In many Native American cultures, they are taught to fear death. In a study conducted by David Mandelbaum…… [Read More]

Resources:
"Perspectives on Death: Cultural and Historical."
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Death Rituals of Different Cultures and Countries

Words: 1588 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 46210059

Death Rituals of Different Cultures and Countries

Death Rituals of different Cultures/Countries

As the globe is full of numerous civilizations and cultures in a very diverse manner, similarly, their rituals, traditions and ceremonies related to life and death are also different from one another. The people belonging to these cultures have their own sets of beliefs that are witnessed through the ways they celebrate their occasions, festivals and even the death rituals However, considering the diverse cultures from all around the world, the thesis report tends to focus on two cultures for their death ceremonies and rituals: Egyptian and Hindu (Indian) civilizations.

Taking into account, the Egyptian culture, the records reveal the fact that these people have tremendously belief on their religion. Due to being so religious people, they have complicated and detailed death and burial rituals. Moreover, the populace of Egyptian civilization has complex values and beliefs pertaining to the subject of life after death. The concepts and ideology of life after death is the corner stone of their burial and death rituals. Historical evidences and records also exhibit that religion is the source of origin for Egyptian civilization, and their customs, beliefs and traditions related to life after…… [Read More]

Bibliography:
Assmann, J. (2005). Death And Salvation In Ancient Egypt. English Translated Edition. USA: Cornell University Press.

DuBois, A.J.A. & Beauchamp, H.K. (2007). Hindu Manners, Customs and Ceremonies. Reprinted Edition. NY, USA: Cosimo, Inc.
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Dying Experience in Nursing Home

Words: 580 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 5538489



Field, Marilyn Jane & Cassel, Christine K. (1997). Approaching Death: Improving Care at the End of the Life. National Academic Press.

This work emphasizes the necessity to improve end of life care as a way to help ease fears about death and reduce anxiety which would create a more negative death experience within the nursing home. Additionally, this work shows the negative impact of over treating symptoms that are relating to oncoming death which cause patients unnecessary stress and pain in their last few days.

Hanson, Laura C. (2003). Improving Nursing Home Care of the Dying: A Training Manual for Nursing Home Staff. Springer Publishing Company.

This handbook for physicians emphasizes taking a multi-disciplinary approach to caring for the dying, which also encourages nursing home staff to learn from the lessons seen in hospice care. This includes taking a strategy of main management, rather than resuscitation in order to provide the best possible end of life experience.

Hall, Sue; Longhurst, Susan; & Higginson, Irene. (2009). Living and dying with dignity: a qualitative study of the views of older people in nursing homes. Age and Aging. 38(4):411-416.

This study works within the established fact that most older people who reside in…… [Read More]

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Death With Dignity

Words: 1074 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 37478350

Death With Dignity: A Right or Not?

The issue of "euthanasia" is a matter of great controversy today. It is often difficult to judge who the "right" to die under the influence of euthanasia without the "power of attorney" should be afforded. Religiously, one cannot predict the "miracle" of God in daily life. For a patient to live through feeding-tube for the rest of his/her life in the hospital or nursing home does not show any dignity to our beloved ones. This paper will examine the issue of death and dignity from the perspective that all patients deserve to die with dignity, but face many obstacles in doing so.

One of the more frequent arguments against voluntary active euthanasia in the media and in literature is that "the push for a legalized right to die with medical assistance is a radical movement" carrying with it "alarming implications" for society (Ballis & Magnusson, 1999:312). Many feel that allowing one to voluntarily end life would perhaps result in a devaluing of life and the potential for abuse of vulnerable or ill patients (Ballis & Magnusson, 1999). However this argument is largely unfounded and based on fears and irrational misgivings about death rather…… [Read More]

References:
Bachman, J.G. (1996). "Attitudes of Michigan physicians and the public toward legalizing physician-assisted suicide and voluntary euthanasia." New England Journal of Medicine, (334) [HIDDEN]

Ballis, P.H. & Magnusson, R.S. (1999). "The response of health care workers to AIDS
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Death Somebody Should Tell Us

Words: 781 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 69175710

Grieving over lost loved ones wouldn't be as intense, it would be more like saying good bye to a loved one that you know you'll be seeing each other soon, rather than the thought that you may never be able to see them again.

Instead, with the uncertainty, each moment of life, for me, is precious. The self-inventory really brought this point home to me. This was especially true with the question regarding the 82-year-old, Alzheimer's patient who was internally bleeding, potentially fatally, and the level of care I would hope they received. I selected "An all-out attempt at rescue." Life, at any age, and no matter what disease the individual has, is a gift. Who should have the right to cut a person's life short, to judge its quality lacking? If there were no life after death, how cruel is it to snuff out a person's existence.

In the end, death is scary because it is completely unknown. Even those who report having a near-death experience don't offer comfort. Instead, the spiritual sensations they've experienced may simply be physiological effects of death. That white light might all be in our head. For this reason, many of us turn to…… [Read More]

Works Cited:
"Quotes: Death - science-in-society." New Scientist. N.p., 5 Oct. 2006. Web. 21 Nov. 2010. .

"White Light When You Die Actually Cascade of Brain Activity Dvorak Uncensored: General interest observations and true web-log.." Home Page of Columnist John C. Dvorak. N.p., 30 May 2010. Web. 21 Nov. 2010. < http://www.dvorak.org/blog/2010/05/30/white-light-when-you-die-actually-cascade-of-brain-activity/ >.
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Death of Ivan Ilych Sum

Words: 1469 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 78218548

He likes the power he is afforded with each new position and loves knowing he can crush others.

7. Does the narrator sympathize with Ivan's attachment to his possessions?

The tone of the passage (paragraph 104) is deeply empathetic. This entire portion of the story displays Tolstoy's sympathy and empathy for Ivan. Ivan is a reflection of every man who has placed all his interest in this world only to realize too late that he is not made for this world but for the other. Ivan's horrible attachment to his possessions is shown in order to illustrate for the reader the uselessness of forming such attachments -- yet it is not depicted satirically but with great insight, patience and understanding, even if it is at times critical.

8. What elements of a full life, what higher satisfactions, does Ivan's routine omit?

Ivan's routine consists solely of paying strict observance to formalities. There is no real spirit beneath any of his actions other than the spirit of pride, of feeling like a "virtuoso." He has no prayer life. He does not cultivate a sense of companionship, a sense of transcendence, or a sense of the good, the true and the beautiful.…… [Read More]

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Death Is a Very Sensitive

Words: 1023 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 42439921

For Churchon, human beings are mere bodies, brimming with energy one moment and completely inanimate the next. This animating energy is the difference between life and death.

When animated, the body is more than just a body, it is the vessel for a person. The person has a particular personality, a history, a smile, and a laugh. However, when the body is inanimate, it is shown to be a mere object, an object that Churchon must preserve, package, and store away according to hospital protocol: "Whenever a baby died, I wrapped it in a blanket, and then, around the blanket, I wound a sky blue disposable pad. I took the football-sized package -- baby, blanket, and pad -- down to the morgue and opened the door of the refrigerator there and placed the package on the glass shelf as gently as I could." (Churchon, 2009, p. 44).

Churchon's focus on the biological aspects of a life causes her distress when she witnesses the expiration of those very biological faculties. While preparing a dead body for storage, she recalls thinking that "The person to whom this pulseless neck and silent heart and these dilated pupils belonged is gone. Yet ten minutes…… [Read More]

Sources:
Bentley, T. (2009) "The Bad Lion." New York Review of Books (Nov. 5, 2009)

Churchon, J. (2009) "The Dead Book." The Sun (Feb, 2009) 43-45
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Death Stats One of the

Words: 593 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 80345101



In addition to some of the practical problems that the researchers might have encountered in collecting this data, such as potentially having to examine an inordinate amount of institutional or municipal records, there are some other issues with the original data presentation that the researchers would have needed to take into account. It is likely that some individuals born prior to current or at least fairly modern and accurate record keeping began incorrectly remembered and/or reported their ages prior to their deaths, which would have skewed the results of this research if not controlled for. It is also reasonable to assume that a simple clerical error could end up listing an individual as a male instead of a female, or vice versa, which would have a similar effect on the overall aggregate of data. As this data takes into account all of the reported deaths throughout England and Wales, however, and it is likely that such errors are relatively rare, they probably did not have undue influence on the overall data and statistics.

Creating a system for the more accurate and reliable collection of data related to deaths across all of England and Wales has some significant ethical and practical…… [Read More]

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Death in Thomas and Dickinson in Many

Words: 2849 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 25523205

Death in Thomas and Dickinson

In many ways, Dylan Thomas' "Do not go gentle into that good night" and Emily Dickinson's "Because I could not stop for death" are ideal texts to consider when attempting to examine human beings anxieties regarding death, dying, and the longing for permanence, because they make vastly different points in strikingly similar ways. That is to say, while they share some elements of form, style, and topic, the commentary they give on the topic could not be more different. As the title suggests, Thomas' poem is a vocal entreaty to struggle for every bit of life in the face of impermanence, while Dickinson's poem takes a positively lackadaisical approach to the concept of death, viewing it as a transition into immortality rather than a fall into obscurity and darkness. However, despite their nearly oppositional statements regarding death, one can actually view the two poems as a synthesis of humanity's own oppositional and sometimes contradictory views regarding death. By examining the two poems in conjunction with each other, it becomes clear that both the acceptance and refusal of death are born out of the same human need to generate meaning from the finite experience of a…… [Read More]

Resources:
Abbott, C.M. (2000). Dickinson's because I could not stop for death. The Explicator, 58(3), 140-

Brantley, R. (2007). Dickinson's signature conundrum. The Emily Dickinson Journal, 16(1), 27-
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Death and Immortality in Dickinson's Poetry Death

Words: 1737 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 83817148

Death and Immortality in Dickinson's Poetry

Death and Immortality in Emily Dickinson's Poems

Emily Dickinson was an American poet whose unique lifestyle and writing have helped to establish her as an important literary figure. Dickinson was born in Amherst, Massachusetts in 1830 and died in the same town she lived her entire life in 1886. During her lifetime, despite her many attempts and multitudinous volumes of poetry written, only seven poems are believed to have been published during her lifetime, "all anonymously and some apparently without her consent. The editors of the periodicals in which her lyrics appeared made significant alterations to them in an attempt to regularize the meter and grammar, thereby discouraging Dickinson from seeking further publication of her verse" ("Emily Dickinson"). A recurring theme in many of Dickinson's poems, which were mostly distributed among her closest friends via personal correspondence, is that of death and immortality. These themes can be seen in "Because I could not stop for Death," "I felt a funeral in my brain," and "My Life had stood -- a Loaded Gun."

While the exact cause of Dickinson's reclusion and interest in the subject of death and immortality is unknown, there is evidence to…… [Read More]

Works Cited:
Dickinson, Emily. "Because I could not stop for Death." Poets.org. Web. 8 May 2012.

-. "I felt a Funeral, in my Brain." Poets.org. Web. 8 May 2012.
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Dying With Dignity

Words: 1240 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 11463124

Dying with dignity is a controversy argued in two perspectives by death scholars. Some scholars argue that dying with dignity is expiring without unnecessary physical pain while others argue that it is dying in the socially accepted ways. Reaching these arguments was in light of changing health care demands and diverse customary practices. This controversy dated back to the ancient civilizations when many Greeks believed that taking one's life was better than experiencing endless suffering. This made physicians give poison to the terminally ill patients. However, with the advent of Christianity, the Hippocratic School that was against giving deadly drugs to patients acquired considerable acceptance. Therefore, euthanasia, as called in the fifteenth century was suicide and thus immoral. As time passed, reintroduction of the use of euthanasia continued, and it has even been largely accepted in various medical institutions.

In the perspective of dying with dignity as dying without any unnecessary physical suffering, doctors came up with the practice of physician-assisted suicide (PAS) also referred to as physician-assisted death. It is a voluntary ending of one's life by taking a lethal substance that prescribed by the physician. Supporters of physician-assisted death argue that patients have the right to receive aid…… [Read More]

Sources:
Beauchamp, T.L., & Childress, J.F. (2009). Principles of biomedical ethics (6th ed.). New York: Oxford University Press.

Gentzler, J. (2003). What is a death with dignity? The Journal of Medicine and Philosophy, 28(4), 461 -- 487.
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Death of Marat Jacques-Louis David's

Words: 1661 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 31637979

This painting is David's masterpiece and one of the great curiosities of modern art because, by a strange feat, it has nothing trivial or vile. What is most surprising in this very unusual visual poem is that it was painted very quickly. When one thinks of the beauty of the lines, this quickness is bewildering. This is food for the strong, the triumph of spiritualism. This painting is as cruel as nature but it has the fragrance of ideals. Where is the ugliness that hallowed Death erased so quickly with the tip of his wing? Now Marat can challenge Apollo. He has been kissed by the loving lips of Death and he rests in the peace of his metamorphosis. This work contains something both poignant and tender; a soul is flying in the cold air of this room, on these cold walls, around this cold funerary tub.

As Baudelaire is considered by many to be the father of Modernism, it is both prescient and generous of him to characterize David's painting as a work of "modern" art.

It is largely thanks to the Death of Marat that David is now regarded as one of the great painters of the French…… [Read More]

References:
Simon, Robert. 1991. David's Martyr-Portrait of Le Peletier de Saint-Fargeau and the conundrums of Revolutionary Representation. Art History 14 (4): 459-487.

Vaughan, William, and Helen Weston, eds. 2000. Jacques-Louis David's Marat. Cambridge:
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Death Comes for the Archbishop

Words: 2128 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 24139094



Latour takes several steps to repair the damage done to the church by the moral misdeeds of rogue priests and, to a certain extent, the American and Mexican governments. Latour dispatches Valliant to Albuquerque and, in Valliant's travels, he performs sacraments and admonishes a priest for gambling with parish funds. Latour, for his part, helps rescue Magdalena from the abusive Buck Scales and orders the founding of a girl's school - another important symbol of permanence and the church's commitment to the community. Latour also replaces Gallegos, a corrupt priest who drinks, gambles and left his parish in a "scandalous state," with Father Valliant (p.83).

Latour's house cleaning continues throughout the story, as he is determined to conquer the book's moral setting, as he conquered its natural setting. Perhaps Latour's greatest triumph is when he forces Father Martinez, who had become a "dictator to all parishes in Northern New Mexico" to resign (p.139). Martinez is a skilled practitioner of mass, but an otherwise despicable human being. He is abusive, does not keep his vow of celibacy, has accumulated riches, and may have ordered a massacre. The powerful Martinez makes a veiled threat to kill Latour if he reinforces the rule…… [Read More]

Resources:
Cather, Willa (1962). "Death Comes for the Archbishop." New York: Alfred A. Knopf.
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Death of the Ball Turret Gunner by

Words: 1000 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 88288409

Death of the Ball Turret Gunner by Randall Jarrell Without knowing that a ball turret is small place in a B-17, we would not understand the central metaphor analogizing the mother's womb to the ball turret, which is essential to understanding that the poem is about the contrast between the warmth of a mother's love and the cold dehumanizing treatment of the "State" where he is just another soldier.

Common Ground by Judith Cofer Before reading the poem, the title seemed quite self-explanatory, I figured the poem would be about finding common ground between people, and in a sense it is, but the message, after reading the poem, is much starker. It is more about the inescapability of aging, the common links that tie generations as the young get old and realize the commonalities they share with their parents.

Hazel Tells LaVerne by Katharyn Machan Knowing the fairy tale helps because in contrasting the fairy tale to the poem one can unearth the sardonic tone the poem uses to highlight the discrepancies between them, which is central to the poem's thematic core: that fairy tales are for white folks, black women don't become princesses.

My Last Duchess by Robert Browning…… [Read More]

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Death Penalty Thirty-Eight States in

Words: 1680 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 41962256

The victim is unable to make peace with himself, say goodbye to his family or have his constitutional rights seen too. When a murder is committed, I believe that the perpetrator does not forfeit his rights, but rather some of the respect and convention which is usually given to a dying person. After all, what respect and convention was awarded to his victim?

Many of the states which currently allow the death penalty have victim services via the department of Corrections. The services which they provide range all the way from family support and counseling to the provision for family members of the victim to watch the execution should they so desire. This ability is limited state to state, however. It should also be noted that several of the victims services programs have been severely curtailed due to budget cuts, while the needs of the prisoner in the time surrounding the execution can cost upwards of $100,000.

It is my opinion that Michiganders should think long and hard about reestablishing the death penalty in our state. It would seen that it may be effective in stemming what has truly been an alarming increase in the rate of violent crime we…… [Read More]

Works Cited:
John Paul II, Gospel of Life, the (Evangelium Vitae) (1995) Three Rivers Press

Quinto, Morgan "Murder Rate in 2001 National Rate = 5.6 Murders per 100,000 Population" Accessed via the World Wide Web on 17 May 2006 at http://www.morganquitno.com/cit01rank.pdf
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Capital Punishment the Issue of Whether Capital

Words: 1376 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 36582072

Capital Punishment

The issue of whether capital punishment is justified in a civilized world that is progressively concerned with achieving human rights and dignity for all its citizens is a subject that challenges the very scales of justice. On the one hand, the imposition of the death penalty prematurely terminates a human life and precludes any chance of rehabilitating criminals as productive members of society. On the other hand, abolishing the death penalty implies endangering society with the presence of known, dangerous anti-social elements who may one day become eligible for parole or worse escape from prison. Thus, the scales need to be weighed taking into consideration that society's primary responsibility is to ensure that its honest and upright citizens are able to lead a secure and safe life. Indeed, it is the purpose of this paper to demonstrate that the scales of justice need to necessarily be tipped in favor of capital punishment in order that civilized societies are able to uphold the values of justice, human life, and the rights of the innocent.

First and foremost, it would be important to discuss capital punishment from the point-of-view of whether it constitutes a form of injustice especially since this…… [Read More]

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Capital Punishment Nowadays the Crimes

Words: 2589 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 17388602

Through which he concluded that each execution prevents around seven or eight people from committing murder (Worsnop 402). In 1985, an economist from the University of North Carolina by the name of Stephen K. Layson published a report that showed that every execution of a murderer deterred eighteen would be murderers (Guernsey 68). While the numbers from these studies seem quite low as compared to the large number of murders committed every day in the United States, the numbers become quite large when discussed in the terms of every year executions. (Guernsey 65)

The opponents of capital punishment here give different points which are also quite true. According to the critics of capital punishment many of the people who commit acts of murder are either retarded or are immature. Capital punishment doesn't have an effect on the youth and immature people. As Richard L. Worsnop writes in his article entitled Death Penalty Debate Centers on Retribution:

Peer pressure and family environment subject adolescents to enormous psychological and emotional stress. Adolescents respond to stressful situations by acting impulsively and without the mature judgment expected of adults. These characteristics are shared by all adolescents. Thus, the possibility of capital punishment is meaningless…… [Read More]

Bibliography:
Worsnop, Richard L. Death Penalty Debate Centers on Retribution. Washington, D.C.: Congressional Quarterly, Inc., 1990.

Guernsey, JoAnn Bren. Should We Have Capital Punishment? Minneapolis: Lerner Publications Co, 1993.
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Death of Woman Wang Life

Words: 1657 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 95048610

Crude, twisted justifications were offered during this period of time that both upheld family values yet reflected the desperation of the era -- such as the defense that it was better to eat one's relatives, than to let the whole family starve, or the idea that if one consumed one's relations, then they lived on, at least a little longer.

Spence admits that he is operating with certain difficulties regarding the sources of his chronicles, given that few documents remain behind of the Chinese peasantry of this period. However, he says to give voice to the voiceless was one of his primary motivations in writing the text. The lack of documentary evidence, rather than being perceived as a hindrance, as might be the case with some historians, merely spurred him on to reveal what was left for posterity. He deploys a variety of sources including a Confucian civil servant and a writer of fiction who admired "Biographies of Virtuous Women." The biographies contain accounts of chaste women, and blend tales of historical events, like the Great Earthquake that caused so much destruction, and tales of female stoicism under pressure.

The legacy left of these women is thus highly imperfect, and…… [Read More]

References:
Spence, Jonathan D. The Death of Woman Wang. New York: Penguin, 1998.
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Death in Venice An Interpretive

Words: 730 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 18463245

He dies on the beach as he is trying to rise out of his chair and go to meet the boy.

Mann's story is reflective of an artist who has come to realize that his art has been false since it has not come from a place of true emotion and passion. The story has parallels with Euripides' The Bachae, in which the hero Pentheus is repressed in his artistic approach to life until he comes to inject elements of Dionysian revelry into his life, whereupon he dresses up in youthful clothes (like the old man Aschenbach met on his journey), and throws himself into life. In a passage in which Aschenbach quotes Plato's Phaedras, he also makes his own realization that he has been repressed because he hasn't accepted the beauty of emotion and passion into his art. His attraction to the boy Tadzio has made him aware of this since he struggles against that attraction and tries to repress it even as it wells up within him. He can't bring himself to turn away from the attraction, but neither can he act on it. He becomes disgusted with himself even as he comes to accept his plight as…… [Read More]

Sources:
Euripides. Three Plays of Euripides: Alcestis, Medea, The Bachae, Paul Roche, Trans., New York: WW Norton, 1974.

Mann, Thomas. Death in Venice. Stanley Applebaum, Trans., Mineola, NY: Dover, 1995.
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Various Culture Belief About Dying

Words: 760 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 90620651

Nursing

Death and Dying in Other Cultures

Death and dying are never easy for family, friends, loved ones, and the ill persons themselves. These issues are further complicated by the fact that so many different cultures are now blended in the United States, and many of them have far differing views on death and dying.

For example, in the United States, most Christians believe in burying their dead quickly, holding a ritual funeral or "celebration of life," and mourning for a certain period of time. Most Christians believe the dead will rise to Heaven and live the remainder of their "life" as an angel in the clouds above. However, this is not the only way to celebrate death and face dying.

In the Hindu culture, people believe their loved one will return to earth to live another life, depending on the quality of life they lived during this current life. In addition, some cultures do not believe in burial beneath the ground. For example, "The Parsee people of northern India still practice the ancient Zoroastrian rite of placing their dead on scaffolds known as high dakhmas ('towers of silence'), where the bones are eventually picked clean by vultures" (Aiken, 2001,…… [Read More]

Works Cited:
Aiken, L.R. (2001). Dying, death, and bereavement (4th ed.). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

Kramer, K.P. (1988). The sacred art of dying: How world religions understand death. New York: Paulist Press.
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Adulthood Death Individual a Culmination Life Span

Words: 690 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 13772295

adulthood death individual a culmination life span developmental process.

Transitioning

Death and dying is an intrinsic part of life, and the culmination of a life cycle that begins with conception. There are several various stages related to death and dying, such as preserving one's health and wellness, dealing with various facets of ageism, as well as examining cultural attitudes and varying viewpoints of the dying process from different points in history.

Health and Wellness

The primary way of mitigating the effects of aging on the body, mind and spirits of people is to actively promote an awareness of health and wellness. Quite simply, people must take care of their bodies. A key facet of doing so is to have a trusted physician and to go on regular checkups. In addition to keeping in contact with a doctor, individuals should make certain changes to their diet to reflect the varying needs that their body will have as they grow. It is important to get a substantial amount of calcium to preserve the strength of one's bones, as well as to have plenty of fiber based on fruits and vegetables. Other factors that assist with health and wellness include the incorporation of…… [Read More]

Resources:
Berger, K.S. (2008). The developing person through the life span (7th ed.). New York: Worth Publishers.

Farid, S., Farid, Hany. (no date). "A brief history of ancient Egyptian tombs." Csdartmouth.edu. Retrieved from http://www.cs.dartmouth.edu/farid/Hany_Farid/Egypt_History.html
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Plato's View of Death With Dignity vs Sherwin B Nuland's How We Die

Words: 1860 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 3267591

death by Sherwin Nuland and Socrates. It has 4 sources.

One of the most mystifying phenomenons that keep most of us wondering is death. For the ordinary individual death is not only a topic that they have no clue about but also that they will never be able to satisfy their curiosity unless they experience it themselves. For medical professionals like Sherwin B. Nuland death is something that they see day in day out but never actually could explain unless they get into the technicality of it. Thus, in essence no one from the time of ancient civilization to the modern technological age could really explain the exact nature of death. They can only in fact attempt to explain the nature, cause and effects of death. There are several factors attached to the reason why death cannot actually be explained but only experienced.

Purpose Statement

In the following sections, the researcher attempts to explain how Sherwin Nuland's view of death with dignity does not clearly explains the causes and consequential painful experience of death as compared to the views held by Socrates.

Discussion

Nuland's World View

Modern day medical professionals treat the issue of death and dying as a natural…… [Read More]

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Aging and Death but With

Words: 4093 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 78859146



Typically a Japanese funeral follows the sequence: when someone dies, they are placed to rest in their homes. The corpse was placed with the head pointing the North, copying the deathbed of Gautama, and the head of the bed is well decorated. Then the previously mentioned encoffinment process. The first night after one's death is called the Tsuya; and it is for close family and friends to remember their beloved. In the morning, a cleansing meal is served called Okiyome. The funeral is thereafter carried out where the Jukai rite also known as receipt of commandments gives the dead an opportunity to receive the Buddhist commandments, automatically making the dead a disciple of the Buddha, and the dead person is accepted into Buddha hood.

After all this, the deceased embarks on the journey to the other world as the coffin is carried out of the house and burnt in a crematorium to ashes.

Presently about 99% Japanese are cremated while only about 1% are interred. These changes in preference on the method of sending off the dead have been brought about by the Country's main religion, changes in dwelling environments and changes in technologies. During the high-growth era of the…… [Read More]

Sources:
Kimura, R (1996).Death and dying in Japan. "Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal," Vol. 6, No.

4,The Johns Hopkins University Press, pp. 374-378.
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Euthanasia The Good Death You

Words: 2580 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 44721882

Sometimes history needs to be rewritten so as to comport with modern sensibilities. Today, we live in an era where the average life span has been increases as a result of modern technology; however, sometimes our lives our being prolonged (e.g. given more quantity) at the expense of quality of life. The founding fathers of our nation did not have such technological and ideological issues to debate. In fact, we did not even have penicillin until relatively recently in our history. In short, given that we have been able to live longer, we must understand that there may be times when the quantity of life should not be chosen over the quality of life. Both are equally important, but if there is no quality in one's life, what good is the quantity anyway?

A similar argument may be made against those whom believe that physician-assisted suicide is anti-thetical to Christian values. In fact, when the Bible was written, there was no penicillin to stop an infection and there was no such thing as a respirator or a feeding tube. In the modern era, we have extended the quantity of lives. Was this intended? Even assuming that the addition to life…… [Read More]