Utopia Essays Examples

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Plato's Republic

Words: 765 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 79793357

Utopia as outlined and defined in Plato's Republic. The writer examines the Republic's description of a perfect state and then applies its elements to the trial and execution of Socrates. The question becomes "Would Socrates have been tried and executed if Plato's perfect utopia state had been in place at the time?" This paper explains why Socrates would have been spared and respected had that been the case. There was one source used to complete this paper.

Before one can answer the question, "If the utopia outlined in Plato's The Republic had been in place in 399 B.C., would Socrates have been tried and executed?" one must have a clear understanding of the perfect state as described in Plato's books.

Plato's Republic works to provide society with a blueprint for a perfect and successful society. While many of its elements seem to be inconsistent with reality and daily life the outline as a whole can be presented as possible in modern societal circles.

When addressing the question of Socrates and utopia there are two ways that the Republic's version of Utopia would have spared his life. The first is because in a perfect utopia as presented by Plato in the…… [Read More]

Bibliography:
Plato's Republic

Basic Books; 2nd edition (September 1, 1991)

ISBN: 0465069347
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Society Plato's Republic vs Sir

Words: 2186 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 16193187



Like Plato, More retains the belief in One God in his concept of the perfect society by injecting the foundation of Neoplatonism and blending it with a rather festive or carnival-like quality (Marius 1995 as qtd in SparkNotes 2010). Utopians enjoy the good life at the expense of firmly rooted institutions and established order in society. People turn their freedom around and upside down. Ranks, norms, prohibitions, private property and morals are suspended. Critics see the Utopian society as opposing what has been made complete and immortal for ages (SparkNotes).

Conclusion

Both Plato and Thomas More, in their respective works, aim at the perfect or ideal society but in different perspectives under the 5 sub-themes. Plato builds his society on justice and harmony in a way that balances the internal and the external conditions of a person. He assumes that true justice already exists in every man and that every man desires it. His Republic is headed by philosopher-kings, reared and trained from childhood. He believes that a just society can exist only according to the principles of justice already enshrined in the heart of a philosopher-king. Thomas More, on the other hand, builds his perfect society on rational thought,…… [Read More]

Sources:
http://www.philosophypages.com/hq/2g.

SparkNotes. Utopia by St. Thomas More. SparkNotes, LLC. Barnes & Noble Network,

2010. Retrieved on November 27, 2010 from http://www.sparknotes.com/philosophy/utopia
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John Calvin Thomas More &

Words: 1741 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 44274349



However, although Machiavelli held firm in his belief that the Church should not have the same governing functions as the State, he provided the example of Pope Julius in demonstrating how, if a religious leader holds firm to his beliefs and manner of disciplining his clergy, he can establish a strong clergy and can yield influence and power over the State and civil society. In describing Pope Julius's leadership style, Machiavelli attested, "...he held two things firm: the one, the greatness of the Church, which he terrified them; and the other, not allowing them to have their own cardinals, who caused the disorders among them." Despite the strength in Pope Julius's leadership, Machiavelli still argued for the sole function of the State to govern civil society, mainly because Church is ridden with members that are in constant motivation to usurp each other's powers and position in the hierarchy, not to mention manipulate society and create instability in the social order. In effect, Machiavelli's position on the Church-State relationship is exclusively independent from each other, as opposed to Calvin's negative, mutual Church-State relationship and More's positive, mutual Church-State relationship.

Works Cited

Machiavelli, N. E-text of "The Prince." Project Gutenberg E-book Collection.…… [Read More]

Sources:
Machiavelli, N. E-text of "The Prince." Project Gutenberg E-book Collection.

More, T. E-text of "Utopia." Project Gutenberg E-book Collection.
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Backward and We A Comparison When Writers

Words: 1588 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 7504172

Backward and We: A Comparison

When writers think about the future it's often in dichotomous terms. Writers generally see the future in shades of black and white, with very little deviation between the two. This is particularly the case in the novels Looking Backward by Edward Bellamy and We by Yevgeny Zamyatin. The former is an optimistic tale about a socialist utopia which essentially describes a future full of improvements. The latter describes a futuristic dystopia where humans lack autonomy and privacy. In spite of these incredibly different descriptions and notions about the future, there's still a significant amount of overlap between these two novels. Exploring the different shades of each can provide a deeper understanding of each respective author's inner fears and wishes. As different as these two novels appear to be, they are both actually stories about societies which have made the ultimate (and wrong) sacrifice: they've given up their freedom for materialistic, societal, or organizational comforts. Both novels show without a doubt, that these societies have paid dearly for such seemingly safe choices.

Looking Backward's socialist utopia is a portrait painted of a world that has been seemingly improved upon, some might argue, as it describes a…… [Read More]

Bibliography:
Bellamy, E. . "Looking Backward." Gutenberg.org. N.p.. Web. 5 Apr 2013.

.
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Thomas More's Gentle Tour Guide Raphael Hythloday

Words: 1003 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 21185283

Thomas More's Gentle Tour Guide Raphael Hythloday of Utopia and Erasmus's scathing use of the teacher of rhetoric Folly in the Praise of Folly

Thomas More's Raphael Hythloday in More's Utopia functions as an ideal character for the reader to aspire to. Raphael is a tour guide of a better, albeit fictional place the author has envisioned. In contrast, Erasmus uses Folly as a satirical and one-dimensional teacher of irony and rhetoric to teach the reader about the real, rather than the ideal world. The reader's encounter with Folly is used to show the reader catalogues of individuals, against whose follies the reader may measure his or her own. Thus although both Thomas More and Erasmus make use of fictional characters to illustrate their philosophical works, Thomas More uses Raphael Hythloday to speak to the reader as a kind of unknowing tour guide, a man unwise to the evils of the world, while Folly is all too knowing about the world's evils.

In the case of Erasmus, the narrator Folly takes an ironic tone when talking to the reader, unlike More's far more serious and descriptive tone in his engagement with Raphael. Folly makes fun of himself and of the…… [Read More]

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Two Science Fiction Films In Depth Critiques

Words: 2105 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 34039373

Science Fiction Stories -- Comparisons / Contrasts

Wall-E & Blade Runner -- Utopia vs. Dystopia

The two well-known science fiction films that are critiqued in this paper -- Wall-E and Blade Runner -- will be critiqued and contrasted as to the following dichotomies: utopia and dystopia; technophobia and technophilia; and futurity and nostalgia. Thesis: these films both delve into the potentially disastrous environmental future for the planet, and each in its own way provides an alternative future.

Wall-E and Utopia: This ravaged planet is no utopia in the traditional sense, for sure, but Wall-E has evolved over the past 700 years; some kind of mutation perhaps is what has allowed him to survive in a highly radioactive environment. To survive alone with the exception of a cockroach (which is one of the few species that can survive horrendous polluting events like radiation) is proof of his survivability. After all, utopia is always a fictional place where everything is supposed to be perfect. In Wall-E's world, he has gone from a dumb robot to a conscious being capable of learning, self-repairing, and in addition to being adaptable to his environment, trashed though it is, he has developed human-like feelings. That is…… [Read More]

Works Cited:
Bennett, Jane. The Enchantment of Modern life: Attachments, Crossings, and Ethics.

Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press. 2001.
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Comparison of Violence

Words: 997 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 60763513

Dystopia

Discussion on Perspectives of Violence Based on Three Readings

Violence and tragedy are a fact of life that the human condition has yet to rid itself off. Misfortune can come from many sources. It can come from within a person, from within a family, or from within a community. It is the way people explain and come to terms with such events that define the life that persists afterwards. In the three stories selected, violence is portrayed in each. However, the source of the violence is attributed to different causes. It is a natural human response to try to make sense of tragic events and people do this in different ways. In this analysis, three stories will be used to compare and contrast how some individuals cope, or fail to cope, with violence or misfortune. Each story provides a different perspective on this issue.

Flannery O'Conner

Flannery O'Conner was a controversial figure in her contemporary period. She perplexed and alienated some of her readers by being perceived as un-Christina or even anti-Christian in her philosophy. She believed in a spiritual world however she did not believe in free will, at least not in the common notion. Instead she believed…… [Read More]

Sources:
Michaud, J. (2014, February 18). UNEARTHING BREECE D'J PANCAKE. Retrieved from The New Yorker: http://www.newyorker.com/online/blogs/books/2014/02/the-stories-of-breece-dj-pancake.html
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Philosophy Happiness Is an Emotional

Words: 481 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 88257414

Further, warfare and poverty have all but been eliminated. But in order to have happiness, the people are dependent on government produced stimulation, including Soma and promiscuous sex. The reason for this is because this society lacks the staples of human identity and individuality, such as family, culture, art, literature, science, religion and philosophy.

In this sense, Huxley's utopia is an ironic, or false utopia as without individuality and happiness, society is not really a utopia. Thus, Socrates would agree with Huxley's underlying philosophy that true happiness is only possible through an expression of individuality. Without individuality, society is in fact a distopia.

This is a sentiment that Thoreau would agree with as the premise of his Walden Pond was to create a personal utopia through an expression of complete individuality. Thoreau's premise was that by depending on pure individuality one would experience true happiness. In order to accomplish this, Thoreau sought a return to nature and thus moved away from society and all of its Soma like forms of artificial stimulation and happiness. Thus, as Socrates and Huxley would agree, Thoreau believed that true happiness, or what they all referred to as the "good life" was only possible through…… [Read More]

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Kirchner and Marc

Words: 1253 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 98471323

Art

Utopian Images of the Natural State

Ernst Ludwig Kirchner's "Bathers Beneath Trees" and Franz Marc's "Bathing Girls." are paintings of the same subject; three women in nature getting ready to bathe and, or, swim. Both are utopian visions of what each artist felt was ideal. The utopian representation of both artists is seen in the use of an idealistic notion of freedom and a personal response to nature. Freedom is seen in the comfortable presence of the nudes and the use of color in nature reflects the artists' perception of utopian existence.

Bathers Beneath Trees is replete with the colors of the island paradise Kirchner thought of as his utopian vision. The tall trees reach to the top of the painting and are done in dark greens with the tree trunks allowed to come forward with the color yellow against a blue and green skyscape. The only blue in the painting is seen in the horizon and part of the skyscape. The depiction of the horizon is a deep royal blue and is reminiscent of an image of earth from space. The sky is filled with a lighter blue mixed with dark blue and a medium green. The foliage…… [Read More]

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Walden Two Human Nature and Society the

Words: 1114 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 28468199

Walden Two: Human Nature and Society

The bourgeoisie naturally conceives the world in which it is supreme to be the best.

Karl Marx

People throughout history, since the beginning of time began, have been expressing dissatisfaction with the way the world is and trying to find ways to make it better. Along the way various fictional societies called "Utopias," after the book of the same name written by Thomas More in 1515 and 1516, were created in an image of perfectionism. These utopian communities, all somewhat different in many ways and often ultimately oppositional in form and function, nevertheless had one thing in common. Each one boasted proudly that it alone was worthy of the ultimate claim: a foundation of consummate judicial and moral principles with the ultimate result of effortless happiness and true freedom for all its people.

B.F. Skinner admits that when he wrote Walden Two in 1945 is "was not a bad time for Western Civilization." (Skinner, January 1979) This was an innocent time that did not yet know the daunting confusion and helpless anxiety of a world being decimated by hate crimes, crack babies, deadbeat dads, industrial pollution, melting polar ice caps, and the greenhouse effect,…… [Read More]

Bibliography:
Bruce, Susan. Introduction to Three Early Modern Utopias. (1999) New York: Oxford University Press.

Skinner, B.F. Walden Two. (1948) Indianapolis, IN: Hackett Publishing Company.
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Huxley & G Orwell Two

Words: 2815 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 63572806

Whatever happened you vanished, and neither you nor your actions were ever heard of again" (Orwell, 1949, p.168).

Capitalism

Principles of mass production are very clear in the novels. Huxley for instance, applied the idea of mass production in human reproduction, since the people has abandoned the natural method of reproduction. Mass production as the conventional feature of capitalism and Huxley's novel reinforces such. He talked about the requirement of the World State about constant consumption, which is considered as foundation of its stability. Huxley apparently criticizes the commercial dependence of the world towards goods. Conditioning centers teaches people to consume. Orwell similarly provides criticism to capitalism as well: "The centuries of capitalism were held to have produced nothing of any value." The Proles are the symbols of the capitalist system as they constitute the working class who work in assembly lines.

Destruction of the concept of family

Both novels dispose the concept of family. Huxley totally wiped out the idea of family as the rule in the World State states "everyone belongs to everyone else." Marriage is considered as an antisocial and dirty joke so intimate relationships do not exist. Like the love story of Bernard and Lenina, their…… [Read More]

References:
Bessa, Maria de Fatima (2007). Individuation in Aldous Huxley's Brave New World and Island: Jungian and Post-Jungian Perspectives. Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais.

Beniger, James K. (1986) the Control Revolution. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 61.
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Weapon Shop What Is the Difference Between

Words: 372 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 85089137

Weapon Shop

What is the difference between a modern utopia and dystopia in fictional writing? Perhaps that is the very theme of A.E. Vogt's The Weapon Shop. What is ideal to one might be a terrifying and reversal of ideal for another. In The Weapon Shop, originally published during the early years of World War II, focuses on a small businessman (Fara) who faces what is to him, a dystopian reality in that despite his complete devotion to the Empress of the Solar System, he faces a number of personal and professional troubles. In fact, he is livid when a weapon's shop that sells advanced and fantastic technology, but uncontrolled by his "government" materializes. He fails in his efforts to have the shop removed from the town, continues his downward slide, and is even personally humiliated when his son helps the other townspeople scam him.

At his wit's end, with no one to turn to for help, he surprisingly receives aid from the operators of the weapon's shop themselves. Fara finds out that the size, power and grandeur of their technology far out surpasses anything his…… [Read More]

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Oscar Wilde Rebellion of His

Words: 4795 Length: 17 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 85814865

" (Eksteins, 1994)

Eksteins writes that Britain had "in the last century...damned her great poets and writers, Byron had been chased out of the country, Shelley forbidden to raise his children, and Oscar Wilde sent to prison." (1994) Pearce (2003) states that Wilde "was a major symbol of the sexual anarchy that threatened the purposive and reproductive modes of the bourgeois family. Algy mocks the utilitarian nature of modern marriage thus: The amount of women in London who flirt with their own husbands is perfectly scandalous. It looks so bad. It is simply washing one's clean linen in public." (Shoewalter, 1992; in Pearce, 2003)

The narratives of this period were realist in nature and such that centered around "marriage and inheritance were giving way to fantastic 'finde siecle' tales about split personalities. (Showalter, 1992: in Pearce, 2003) Many of Wilde's plays were a "critique of the naturalization of bourgeois relations" and these are stated to have been "particularly evidence in the uncertain or hidden heritage, parentage or filiations that forms the crux of many of his plays." (Pearce, 2003) Pearce states that in Wilde's rejection of the bourgeoisie the association is made with the "modernist attempt to force new affiliations…… [Read More]

References:
Clausson, Nils (2003) Culture and Corruption": Paterian Self-Development vs. Gothic Degeneration in Oscar Wilde's the Picture of Dorian Gray. Southern Illinois University at Edwardsville Fall 2003. Online available at http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_qa3708/is_200310/ai_n9329138/print?tag=artBody;col1

Conen, Simon (2000) Social criticism in Oscar Wilde's Lady Windermere's Fan University of Trier 2000 Archive No.: V17672

McCauley, the Life and Works of Oscar Wilde 30 Dec 2003. www.skoletorget.no.
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Kant and Rousseau Reducing Conflicts Between States

Words: 1198 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 73059150

Kant and Rousseau

Reducing Conflicts Between States

The Theories of the Great Philosophers Rousseau and Kant

The great philosophers of the 18th century were the first of their kind to fully encapsulate what it meant to be an ethnocentric state, rather than a simple nation or territory, and also were the first philosophers able to address the question of war between states as not merely individual struggles for dominance, but rather persistent frictions present in the system of states themselves. The formal idea of statehood came of age in the Peace of Westphalia in 1648, which ended the Thirty Year's War, and affirmed the domination of the central government of each state as the supreme power of the land, rather than any religious or social power. At this time, every state was essentially a dictatorship, and the world was divided into fiefdoms. The peace reached at Westphalia created the conditions for two philosophers in particular to put forth ideas of Romanticism and the achieving of utopia as the ultimate goal of any state, and in studying this phenomenon the philosophers try to achieve a lasting reduction in conflict between states. These philosophers are Jean-Jacques Rousseau, and Immanuel Kant.

Jean-Jacques Rousseau…… [Read More]

Sources:
Ferraro, V. (n.d.). The ruth c. lawson professor of international politics. Retrieved from http://www.mtholyoke.edu/acad/intrel/kant/kant1.htm

Jones, R. (2008). www.philosopher.org.uk. Retrieved from  http://www.philosopher.org.uk/rom.htm .
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John Rawls and the Viability

Words: 1941 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 60659878

As Hampton (1997) points out, "By using this argument, Rawls hopes to persuade readers that he has good reasons for commending his theory as correct, without relying on undefended or ill-defined intuitions" (p. 140).

But is his theory really "correct?" Is it even conceivable to apply Rawls' principles of egalitarianism to a society in which competition is rampant and 'status' is the permanent engraving on the proverbial brass ring? Moreover, in this increasingly globally connected world, could Rawls' theory of justice be conceivably functional on an international level? Taking into consideration the idealistic nature of Rawls' suppositions, combined with the complex list of criteria that would need to be fulfilled in order for his vision to take shape, I would have deny the applicability of Rawls' philosophies to the 21st century. It is possible that his principles may have worked in the small villages of Colonial New England where communities were small, close-knit and new. Of course, Puritans were extremely judgmental, but had they applied Rawls' theories to their lives, things may have been different. Nonetheless, the idea of Political Liberalism working then is far-fetched enough. The notion of it having any chance of transforming society today is exponentially more…… [Read More]

Works Cited:
Hampton, J. (1997) Political philosophy. Boulder, CO: Westview Press

Rawls, J. (1971) Theory of justice, Cambridge, Mass: Harvard University Press
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Jail Memo To the County

Words: 666 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 47346676



However, given that the problem of overcrowding is pervasive in the prison system in general, and not simply at these specific junctures of the judicial process, the choice between a low-use jail and a high-use jail would seem to be the real question. More and more prisoners who might once be shipped to the state penitentiary are now being confined to jails for more extended periods of time than ever before. Thus, to accommodate this problem, a high-use jail that has many of the monitoring and rehabilitative capacities of a prison system would be more useful to the community.

The purpose and function of a high-use jail low-use jail is designed for shorter-term inmates, while a high-use jail is designed to accommodate not simply more inmates, but a wider variety of inmates for longer durations of time. It has the ability to deal with more violent offenders, but also has more resources for the offenders, including access to exercise facilities or libraries in reward for good behavior, as well as access to vocational and educational counseling to help the prisoners, after their release. If overcrowding is increasingly problematic in the community of Utopia at least partially because of an increase…… [Read More]

Resources:
What is the difference between jail and prison?" (2006). Public Health and Criminal

Justice. Operated by the CDC: Center for Disease Control and Prevention. Page last reviewed 18 Oct 2006. Retrieved 9 Mar 2007 at http://www.cdc.gov/nchstp/od/cccwg/difference.htm
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Vogt Ellison and Arendt the Idea of

Words: 680 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 72478746

Vogt, Ellison and Arendt

The idea of a utopian society, a perfect Eden, has been a recurring theme in human literature, philosophy, religion, and commentary almost from the beginning of civilization. This recurrent theme is no accident: most cultures have, as a basis for their creation mythos, a utopian view of either the pre-human world or the post-human world. Sociological, this is a functionalist approach that serves to "validate, support, and imprint the norms of a give, specific moral order" and to authorize its moral code "as a construct beyond criticism and human emendation" (Campbell and Fairchild 221).

In opposition, a dystopia, becomes part of the anti-heroic paradigm in that all the benefits of an overall utopian society are almost backwards. What was good, now seems evil, what was light, dark. Political philosopher Hannah Arendt, in Ideology and Terror: A New Form of Government, sees one of the maxims of the 20th century to be a dissolution into dystopia. Totalitarian governments or organizations, themselves dystopian in nature, are certainly not new, they were commented upon by Plato and others in the Ancient World. However, according to Arendt, it is the explosion of totalitarian dystopia that so characterizes modernity -- almost…… [Read More]

References:
Arendt, H. "Ideology and Terror: A Novel Form of Government." June 2004. Cooper.edu. May 2011 .

Campbell, J. And J. Fairchild. Myths to Live By. New York: Penguin, 1993.
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Expository Dark Angel James Cameron's Television Series

Words: 583 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 8683139

Expository Dark Angel

James Cameron's television series Dark Angel is about a young woman who has been genetically engineered to be a strong weapon in the service of the military. During the pilot episode of the series, set in 2009, Max (they young woman) and eleven other similarly genetically-engineered children escape from the top-secret facility where they are being experimented on. For the next ten years, these children live and grow in complete anonymity trying to avoid capture by the man in charge of the experiment, Lydecker and his search hounds. In addition, there is limited technology or even basic means of communication because of an internal terrorist attack on the United States some time in between 2009 and 2019 where the present of the series is set. This does not sound like a Utopia. In a Utopian society, everything is wonderful. There are no genetically-engineered children trained as high-tech weapons because there is no need for weaponry at all. There are no wars and no disharmony. The opposite of the Utopia is a Dystopia. It is evident from the observations made that Dark Angel is most assuredly an example of a Dystopia.

In the series, an extremist left-wing political…… [Read More]

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Machiavelli Thomas More Thomas Hobbes

Words: 789 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 223447

Machiavelli, Thomas More, Thomas Hobbes

Machiavelli and Thomas Hobbes appear to recommend political actions and systems that take people "the way they are." In contrast, Thomas More and Aristotle appear to recommend political actions and systems designed to help people change the way they are. To what extent is this description of their approaches accurate?

According to the introduction to his text The Prince, Machiavelli believes that "the way humans act and should act are seldom the same." What Machiavelli means by this, however, is not that human beings fail to uphold their innately good ideals. What the theorist and advisor means is that a human being in a position of power does not have the luxury of asking himself what is good. A leader only can ask what is expedient for his state and what will continue his reign of power as a leader.

In direct contrast, the Greek philosopher Aristotle begins his Nichomedian Ethics by stating that "Every art and every inquiry, and similarly every action and pursuit, is thought to aim at some good; and for this reason the good has rightly been declared to be that at which all things aim." Aristotle, although he did influence…… [Read More]