Fake News Outline Essay


THE ALLURE OF FAKE NEWS: Outline I. Introduction

A. Thesis statement: Internet technologies enable the proliferation of fake news, and only education and awareness can curtail the influence fake news has on society.

II. Body Paragraph

A. Claim: Prior exposure to a fake news story makes a person more likely to believe in the veracity of the information.

1. Evidence: Just a one-time exposure to a fake news item on a social media platform like Facebook increases the likelihood that a person will believe the fake news story, with the effects lasting as long as a week (Pennycook, Cannon, & Rand, 2017)

2. Evidence: The prior exposure phenomenon is a type of confirmation bias, whereby “ We pick out those bits of data that make us feel good because they confirm our prejudices,” (Heshmat, 2015, p. 1).

3. Discussion: Fake news is sinister and difficult to curtail because even just one exposure to a fake news story can reinforce prejudicial or irrational beliefs.

III. Body Paragraph

A. Claim: Mob mentality is at work with fake news, as research shows a viral post is more likely to be perceived as trustworthy even when it is fake

1. Evidence: Becker (2016) notes that the proliferation of fake news...


Evidence: A viral post on social media is more likely to be perceived of as true than one that can be fact-checked (Papanastasiou, 2017)
3. Discussion: Because social media algorithms also contribute to the proliferation of fake news stories, curbing the influence of fake news has become a daunting, if not totally impossible, task.

IV. Body Paragraph

A. Claim: Free speech enables the creation and dissemination of fake news, and free speech can also be the most effective weapon against fake news.

1. Evidence: Librarians are at the forefront of media literacy, and can help stop fake news (Becker, 2016).

2. Evidence: Aggressive and systematic tagging of fake news is essential because anything that is not tagged as “fake” will be perceived of as real (Pennycook & Rand, 2017).

V. Body Paragraph

A. Counterargument: It is too difficult to debunk fake news because the algorithms used in social media sites make it almost impossible to prevent content from going viral.

B. Rebuttal: (state the refuting claim that disputes the counterargument)

1. Evidence: There are ways of “curbing…

Cite this Document:

"Fake News Outline" (2018, January 08) Retrieved April 21, 2024, from

"Fake News Outline" 08 January 2018. Web.21 April. 2024. <

"Fake News Outline", 08 January 2018, Accessed.21 April. 2024,

Related Documents
Fake News Essay

Recommended Topics When does “fake news” become “real news,” if ever? How did fake news affect the outcome of the 2016 U.S. presidential election? Has fake news been used by foreign powers to adversely affect U.S. interest at home and abroad? How can people tell for certain when news is fake? What is being done about the proliferation of fake news?   Outline I.  Abstract II. Introduction III. Review and Discussion A.  What is fake news? B.  The potential impact of fake

New Media and Politics With the passage of time, the world has become a global village. Media has played a significant role in reducing communication gaps and barriers between people all across the globe. The emergence of new media technologies has not only affected people all across the globe but also the conventional medium being used for communication thus further diversifying its role. The increasing span of media and its role

Counterfeit Clothing Industry in China This paper presents a detailed examination of the counterfeit clothing industry in China. The writer explores several aspects of the industry in China and its counterfeit apparel and jewelry aspects. The writer discusses why the industry seems to succeed in China as well as how it works. The writer also uses several social theory examples in the exploration of the topic. There were 12 sources used

Queen Jiang and Deng Chanyu were both strong women in the story but their strength lied in different things. The Queen was more virtuous which gave her a lot of perseverance and Deng Chanyu was a skilled and strong fighter that allowed to remain active till the end. Queen Jiang Brief summary of the major events that the Queen went through. Relation of her part in the story with her compassion and devotion

Social Psychology

.....starting point for research, I am selecting Scenario Two: Police Interrogations and False Confessions. The reason why I am selecting scenario two is that I have some degree of familiarity with the subject, and am fascinated by the ways people behave under pressure from authority figures, particularly law enforcement. I am also interested in scenario three related to the psychological aspects of disaster preparedness, but am more interested and concerned

Peer Assignment Response to Bryan RobbinsThe explanation of pathos, ethos, and logos is clear and concise. The thesis statement is a run-on sentence. It would be best to break it down first and then simplify. For example, �While all news is protected under freedom of speech, something must be done to curb this trend of �fake news.� Unfortunately, media and governments across the world produce various types of �fake news.�