Fraud Identify Potential Financial Statement Fraud Schemes Essay

Length: 4 pages Sources: 3 Subject: Business Type: Essay Paper: #14153165 Related Topics: Financial Statement Analysis, Executive Compensation, Gaap, Merchandising
Excerpt from Essay :


Identify potential financial statement fraud schemes at Apollo

In many instances the quantitative figures of companies can be misleading. The nature of generally accepted accounting principles (here forth referred to as GAAP), are such that they provide flexibility in determining appropriate financial figures. On occasion, management or executives may misrepresent these figures to make the company seem more or even less attractive during certain periods. For example, a company may take more losses in the current period, in order to seem more profitable in subsequent periods that follow. Likewise, companies may also seem to be more profitable than they are in an effort to hide substantial losses that have occurred in the business operations. Complicating the financial issue further is the fact many transactions don't appear within the financial statements at all. These transactions, called "Off-balance sheet transactions" can have a profound impact on the value placed on various companies including Apollo. This adroit financial engineering is often a result of a misalignment with company objectives with those of management, and can be very costly in regards to valuation of a business. As such, individuals must be aware of these miscalculations in financials and adjust financial statements accordingly based on reasonable expectations.

Describe the types of evidence that would determine if fraud is taking place

In regards to Apollo, we will discuss three aspects of the business in detail -Accounts receivable, Inventory, and Fixed Assets.

Accounts Receivable- First, an alarming figure within the income statement is that of bad debt expense. Here is where fraudulent activity occurs. To begin, the bad debt expense is the amount of receivables that Apollo deems uncollectable within a given period. As of 2010, that amount was $1,622,000. As a percentage of sales, which were $240,755,000 this amount was approximately .6%. This statistic alone is very...


However, in 2011, sales increased to $245,213,452.88 or approximately a 1.85%. During this period however, bad debt expense was 0. A 100% decline in bad debt expense within one year is alarming considering that also during that period, accounts receivable increased to approximately $49,000.000. This was up from $16,000,000 the year before. In essence, the accounts receivable have nearly tripled while the bad debt expense has plummeted. The fact that the accounts receivables increased so rapidly might also suggest that Apollo is easing credit terms in order to generate sales. As such, the earnings of the company may not be legitimate as the company has nearly tripled the receivables it has on account. This results in fraudulent activity as earnings are overstated and costs understated.

Additionally, the company has not taken the necessary precautions to guard against a sudden default on the part of it customers. An increase in receivables as rapid as that mentioned above, such be accompanied by a corresponding amount of doubtful account allowance. This allowance for doubtful accounts is money set aside in the event that a customer may not pay. The annual report states that in 2010 and 2009, 15% and 11% of all revenue was generated from a single customer, respectively. Not only are receivables increasing but the customers receiving the favorable terms are becoming more concentrated. As a result we should expect the allowance for doubtful account to reflect this. It does not however. In 2010 accounts receivable was $16,410,903. The allowance for doubtful account was $1,262,819. As a percentage of total receivables the allowance for doubtful accounts was 7.6%. Again this is not a bad number. In essence, $7.60 out of every $100 is allocated toward accounts that may not be collectable. However, when juxtaposed against 2011, an alarming picture arises. As mentioned earlier, receivables nearly tripled over this period to $49,780,259. However the allowance actually decreased over the same period to $1,254,010! As a percentage, the allowance is only 2.5%. Only $2.50 out of every $100 in receivables is allocated towards uncollectable payments which are unreasonable given the step increase in the overall receivables account. This should be signal to fraudulent activities as the company simply can not sustain this kind of behavior and be profitable. Likewise, the nature of the shoe and apparel business is cyclical in nature. An adverse economic downtown, such as the one in 2008, could be a huge detriment to Apollo's business operations. By not allocated effectively,…

Sources Used in Documents:


1) Introduction to Economic Analysis. Web. 05 Dec. 2011. <>.

2) "Debt Fight Endangers U.S. Creditworthiness Outside the Box - MarketWatch." MarketWatch - Stock Market Quotes, Business News, Financial News. Web. 20 May 2011. <>.

Cite this Document:

"Fraud Identify Potential Financial Statement Fraud Schemes" (2012, January 12) Retrieved September 21, 2021, from

"Fraud Identify Potential Financial Statement Fraud Schemes" 12 January 2012. Web.21 September. 2021. <>

"Fraud Identify Potential Financial Statement Fraud Schemes", 12 January 2012, Accessed.21 September. 2021,

Purpose of

The documents we provide are to be used as a sample, template, outline, guideline in helping you write your own paper, not to be used for academic credit. All users must abide by our "Student Honor Code" or you will be restricted access to our website.

Related Documents
Business Fraud in the Wake of Scandals
Words: 1487 Length: 4 Pages Topic: Business Paper #: 3613945

Business Fraud In the wake of scandals such as Enron and others, corporate fraud still appears to be prevalent across the business world. The reasons for this can be many and varied, although greed and a sense of hubris appear to be two of the common role players. In other cases, desperation could also be a factor, where a business is in danger of failing and its owners or managers

Insurance Fraud
Words: 11287 Length: 35 Pages Topic: Business Paper #: 71815562

Insurance Fraud After tax evasion, insurance fraud is considered the highest-ranked among white-collar crimes. The original concept of insurance, as a for-profit endeavor, was to collect funds from a large number of people to pay for damages and accidents that involved a small percentage of the population that paid premiums. Insurance fraud is an ever-growing problem. Solving or eliminating this problem requires the resources and knowledge of individuals or associations with

Mortgage Fraud
Words: 13949 Length: 38 Pages Topic: Economics Paper #: 29194376

Mortgage Fraud If a rash of armed bank robberies swept across America next year, and if in these robberies criminals absconded with $30 billion dollars, one may be certain that a public panic would ensue. The banking system would likely be changed forever. If thousands of armed thugs went rampaging across the nation forcing people out of their homes, into the streets, and then destroying the properties, leaving the occupants homeless

The Greatest Ponzi Scheme
Words: 1237 Length: 4 Pages Topic: Accounting - Corporate Finance Paper #: 86511100

Madoff Securities case occurred because of fraudulent investment schemes due to lack of regulation as well as insufficient oversight of specific financial intermediaries along with dismissal of opportunistic behavior. To understand why such an incident happened in the first place, it is important to identify the kind of scheme led by Madoff. It is called a Ponzi scheme. In a Ponzi scheme, an unsustainably big pool of investors must be

Internet Fraud
Words: 4362 Length: 12 Pages Topic: Education - Computers Paper #: 70928674

Internet Fraud The slashing of prices of Home PCs and explosive growth of internet has increased the number of net users over the years. The keenness to exploit the advanced features of internet to utilize in the field of education, entertainment, communication, business, scientific research increased to a great extent. The wiping out of the geographical barriers is the greatest advantage that is provided by the internet which impels the net

Offshore Financial Centres and Their
Words: 22477 Length: 60 Pages Topic: Economics Paper #: 31068943

Because the home country is not required to reimburse foreign depositors for losses, there is no corresponding financial penalty for lax supervision; there is, though, a benefit to the country with lenient regulatory policies because of increased revenues generated and the employment opportunities these services provide (Edwards 1999). Furthermore, banks seeking to conduct multinational business are attracted to countries where incorporation laws and the regulatory framework offer less regulatory oversight