Project Financing International Project Finance  Essay

Excerpt from Essay :

This can subsequently result as the massive benefits to the commercial contestants devoid of the incurring of the extra cost that pertaining to such commercial participants. The participation of the export credit agencies accompanied by the existing multilateral developments institutions normally results to the lofty stage of the ecological, employment and other supplementary social standards, which are extremely expensive and cumbersome to, accomplished.

The application these existing social standards are normally highly significant to these multilateral institutions concerning the outline policy perspectives accompanied by the chief structures and the existing projects.

These policies perspectives and the chief aims enhance the best practice that pertains to the execution of communications and the whole projects. Numerous leading private sponsors and the existing commercial lenders have finally commenced the process of incorporating of these standards. These standards include the equator principles and the other existing ecological requirements that are aimed at safeguarding of the existing documentation and the agreements. These rules have been introduced with the main objectives of the ensuring the compliance concerning to the life term of the loans that mainly pertain to the finance credentials. Numerous commercial banks possess a suitable finance division and thus stand as a vital tool for assessing the feasibility studies.

The approach of the banks early within the prevailing project finance cycle in the determination the interests within the existing of the projects and thus commercial banks possess an appetite for the sector in the finance projects.

Commercial viability

It is very important for the business to consider commercial viability. The owners should consider greatly the viability that the project is likely to bring on a commercial scale. This involves the assessment of the demand of services that are offered by the project amongst the customers. It would be unwise if the project was to start without an evaluation of the expected results. This would likely lead to poor planning because the project would not have a basis for their expectations. This normally does not have any relationship with the contracts that are signed earlier. However, in some situations there is no legal Off take contract.

In this case, it makes it necessary for the commercial viability. This project finance is a business that is based on the long-term. Therefore, it is likely that some of these contracts are likely to give an advantage to one party. Consequently, it becomes hard for the prediction of all the occurrences that are likely to happen throughout the period. This will lead to the party maximizing on all the fragilities in the contract. This is the key reason why there is need for commercial viability to determine the sense for all the parties.

There are a few factors that are worthy of consideration when assessing this viability. The project has the intention of generation of profit. Therefore, it is necessary that there is an evaluation of the market. The market is very important in a business because it gives the basis under which sales are made. It is important to determine the type of the market. In some cases, there is already an established market for the products.

This way, there is ability for creation of some strategies to access this market. In instances where there is no existing market, there has to be formulation of strategies on the penetration of the market. In the same market, there has to be determination of the competition in the market. The knowledge of the competition that already exists in the market is important to the business. This way, there is possibility of formulating strategies on how to beat them. In some markets there exists no competition but the structure of the market makes it easy for them to join. An evaluation of this is helpful for the strategies to combat these in the future.

On the market level, there should also be an evaluation of the appropriate pricing. The pricing that the business offers to the market is very important. It could be extremely high which could restrict the customers from being attracted to the products. It could also be low to an extent where the business does not end up receiving profits.

Therefore, there should be evaluation of a reasonable price for the products. Also, these prices should account for the expectation of future competition. This is because the competition may offer prices that will lead to the loss of market for the business. In the same perspective, all the major expected changes should be determined. There are effects that are likely to result from these changes in the market.

This process of commercial viability should evaluate these effects. This will ensure that the business is able to formulate appropriate strategies to counter these effects.

The viability of a business should also ensure that the products and services are affordable to the customers. In some instances, the prices of the products may not be suitable to the customers. As a result, most of them will snub the products and opt for other alternatives. If the alternatives are affordable than the products of the business, then the customers will result to them. Therefore, there should be an evaluation of the needs of the customers and to what extent that they are willing to sacrifice to get these products and services.

For the business to have any success there must also be evaluation of the difficulties in the market. It is of benefit for the project to do a check on the competitors. This will give the business an insight to the challenges that are in the market generally. The knowledge of these challenges will lead to the business having an edge on the competitors. This is through the determination of solutions to these challenges which gives them knowledge on the appropriate methods. It is through this knowledge that the business can also strategize on how to leverage against these and in turn do some productive activities.

Commercial viability is all about making the best financial outcome in a situation. This Is why the contractors of the project must also provide affordable services for the business. In this industry, it is necessary that there is adequate infrastructure. These include electricity and other wiring whose lack of would have great repercussions on the business. However, there has to be an evaluation of the prices that the contractor offers. This way, the business will have the ability to determine whether they are going to benefit or otherwise. There is always a chance that the project can halt or bring discrepancies in the process. Commercial viability evaluates all these and ensures that all the challenges can be determine prior to the commencement of the project. In banking, these could include the grid connections of electricity. The internet which is essential in this industry could also have problems. All these problems should be determined much earlier in order to reduce the chances of unnecessary hitches. Through this process, the necessary arrangements are made to avoid all these challenges.

Environmental risks in project evaluation

Project financing has with time emerged to be one of the most accelerators of success and growth in a firm .

Companies and business enterprises wishing to further their operational recognition and success have to evaluate evaluation of projects and come up with the best ways to ensure hundred-percent efficiency. Project financing is particularly an important measure for capital-intensive projects operating on cash flows .Project financing is also an essential practice for projects wishing to adopt and make use of technology and want to have stable returns. However, the act is not recommended for very high risks projects whose returns are undeterminable can only be speculated.

Some of the major advantages of project financing entail it helps companies to protect themselves from any kind of profits exploitations by governments .Bankability is in its self a term seeking to determine where it is reality necessary to implement a project given the prevalent terms in the economy.

Bankability is also involved in evaluating risks that may arise when a project is implemented. In the end, managers are supposed to analyze market conditions and come up with ways of mitigating the risks. Analyzing a bank or organization's attitude is a good way of understanding some of its bankability essential concepts .Risks facing implementation of a project are diverse.

One group of such risks is the environmental risks. The business environment is composed of all factors that have influence firm's operation in one way or another. An organization's ability to meet its objectives depends on its strength to command and gain access to all resources required in the production process. Resources could be in terms of physical labor, financial ability as well as adaptability to at other needs. Good examples of risks a firm faces in its environment include factors in the internal environment like human skills.…

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