Talk Therapy and Psychotherapy in Psychology Essay

  • Length: 2 pages
  • Sources: 2
  • Subject: Psychology: Therapy
  • Type: Essay
  • Paper: #61716960

Excerpt from Essay :

1. The term “depth psychology” is appropriate for referring to psychoanalysis, but not for all types of psychotherapy. Any psychotherapy that involves in-depth self-assessments through the exploration of unconscious or subconscious urges, dreams, or childhood memories can be considered depth psychology. As the term suggests, depth psychology presumes that psychological issues have deep roots, requiring a process of systematic digging. Self-awareness is only possible through an understanding of all psychic content that has been and still is being repressed or suppressed (Axelrod, 2012). Depth psychology is therefore important for persons who experienced childhood traumas, or people seeking to understand the causes of their lingering anxiety or depression. Other therapeutic models like cognitive-behavioral therapy or positive psychology do not focus on the subconscious or unconscious but mainly on manifest behaviors.

According to Firestone (2009), depth psychology has its detractors because of the long periods of time required to complete the therapeutic process, and because of the costs involved. It is also assumed that depth psychology focuses too much on the past, on repressed sexual urges, or on nebulous dream imagery versus on behaviors that can be observed and potentially modified. Likewise, the culture has become more predisposed for quick fix solutions including medications for treating psychological symptoms.

Depth psychology precludes quick fixes. The difference between depth psychology and other forms of therapy is like the difference between snorkeling and diving. It is possible to discover many interesting species while snorkeling, but diving allows a more comprehensive view and understanding of underwater life. The notion of superficial healing is anathema to depth psychology. A depth psychologist is not trying to create immediate results or an instantaneous change in mood, but to gain self-awareness, which can theoretically lead to deeper and more meaningful change.

2. Psychotherapy has almost become synonymous with “talk therapy.” Even psychiatrists who rely heavily on pharmacological interventions over in-depth talking sessions will at times incorporate talk therapy methods. Talk therapy has transformed the field of psychology, in clinical and counseling sessions. The field of psychology has diversified to include different models or theories of talk therapy, from traditional psychoanalysis to life coaching.

Talk therapy has positively contributed to the growth of psychology as a helping science, because instead of focusing on the biological precursors to psychological problems, the individual works through problems on their own in a…

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