Telenursing And Home Healthcare: The Advantages And Essay

Length: 4 pages Sources: 3 Subject: Healthcare Type: Essay Paper: #7921902 Related Topics: Wound Care, Telemedicine, Aeronautics, Managed Care
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Telenursing and Home Healthcare: The Advantages and Disadvantages of Telenursing

In the 1960s, Virginia Anderson, one of the most influential nurses in history, defined the unique functions of a nurse as that of assisting those who are sick as well as those who are well and performing different acts that contribute to health and its recovery. 55 years letter, Virginia would be impressed, considering the dramatic changes that the health care system has undergone, and how nurses have changed with the times in an effort to provide expert and cutting edge services to patients. Today, the nursing practice has fully embraced the contribution of technology in improving the delivery and quality of health care. Among the innovative ways nurse care has been improved, telenursing remains the most popular, particularly because it removed the geographical barriers that once existed between patients and healthcare providers.

By definition, telenursing is the application of information technology and telecommunications in the provision of nursing services to patients at a distance (Kumar and Snooks, 2011). It is a component of telemedicine - the use of medical information aimed at improving a patient's health status. Telemedicine was, in fact, first used in the 1960s at the time the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) successfully put astronauts in space. The astronauts still required medical care, which was telemetered from the spacesuits and the spacecraft during flights. Today, telemedicine has been accepted as an indispensable part of the healthcare sector. The American Telemedicine Association conducted an international Telenursing Survey and reported a total of 719 telehealth nurses in 49 states in the U.S. The top five consults include cardiology, mental health, dermatology, trauma care, and surgery. In light of...

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It also evaluates the ethical implications of the practice and determines whether a career in this field would be advisable.

Telenursing and its application

Telenursing enables the nurses to carry out their duties through interactions with the client at a remote site. Through the use of electronic transmissions, they are able to administer therapeutic regimens and interventions to patients, receive information about their health status, and monitor the client's responses. For instance, in case a patient is diagnosed with chronic illness, telemonitoring equipment is installed into their homes and the nurses are able to monitor the patient's progress with the aim of detecting the problems the patient may have before being taken back to the hospital. Other applications of telenursing related to homecare include: caring for patients immediately after they have had surgery, caring for wounds, and taking care of handicapped persons (Kumar and Snooks, 2011).

Kumar and Snooks also state that telenursing call centers are the most frequently used modes of telenursing. These are staffed by registered nurses and operated by managed care organizations. In an effort to reduce the use of emergency rooms, the patients are able to prioritize the treatment of patients based on how severe their patients are, offer information to patients, and counsel them accordingly.

Other applications of telenursing include (Kumar and Snooks, 2011):

Uniting the efforts of nurses and monitoring them around the globe.

Availing training program to nurses remotely.

Training and assisting nurses in developing countries, as they may not have access to the required technology.

Ensuring soldiers in the battlefield have access to nursing care.

The advantages and disadvantages of telenursing

Advantages

Telenursing enables nurses to provide remote care to patients who might not have access to health facilities. They reduce the patient's burden of transport costs, reduce distances, and save travel time for both patients and nurses (Kumar and Snooks, 2011). Professional nurses are also able to consult other nurses who may be experts in different fields. Technology allows the sharing of this knowledge in a faster and more efficient way, ultimately improving the quality of nursing care the patients get. Telenursing acts as a solution to the increasing shortages of nurses. It enables them to assess the patients' situation and develop good plans of care for patients regardless of the distance, and at the same time provide follow-ups to plans of care that had been established before. It also makes it easier for professional nurses to collect data from remote sites,…

Sources Used in Documents:

References

Kumar, S & Snooks, H. (2011). Telenursing. London: Springer-Verlag

Sharpe, C.C. (2001). Telenursing: Nursing Practice in Cyberspace. Westport, CT: Greenwood Publishing Group, Inc.

Williams, L.M., Hubbard, K.E., Daye, O. & Barden, C. (2012). Telenursing in the Intensive Care Unit: Transforming Nursing Practice. Critic Care Nurse. Vol. (32)6 62-69. Retrieved 18 March from http://ccn.aacnjournals.org/content/32/6/62.long


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