Aeronautics Essays (Examples)

Filter results by:


View Full Essay

Hindustan Aeronautic Limited Delivery of Doors Hindustan

Words: 1625 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 30909825

Hindustan Aeronautic Limited (Delivery of doors)

Hindustan Aeronautics Limited

The Hindustan Aeronautics limited is a national parastatal company venturing in industrial defense and aerospace. The company was founded in the early 1940s and has based itself in the city of Bangalore in India. The company majors in the manufacture, assembly, navigation of aircrafts and related equipment, and communication apparatus. Other than those main operations, the company has also ventured in delivering doors in windows through its supply chain management department. The business venture in the new supply departments was propelled by the establishment of the door manufacturing unit in the company's plant. The company operates under the motivation of its operational values, mission and vision statements depicting that its goals are to provide high-quality designs in aeronautic tools and cost-effective to all its customers.

Executive Summary

Hindustan aeronautics Limited has achieved in its supply and production of automobile accessories but…… [Read More]

Resources and manpower utilized in the prior assembly are also availed during the schedules assembly time. Effectuating prior production will not incur other extras costs. Through this, HAL will retract their earlier procedures and develop effective modes of ensuring earlier pre-assembly of the doors.

In addressing the uncertainties encountered, the supply chain management is recommended to ensure strict time schedule of working upon all phases of assembly. Similarly, having storage forms of the arriving shelf life and transportation modes is convenient. This will counter future risks exposed to the staff in assembling the doors. Fulfillment of these organizational recommendations will eventually suppress delivery gaps in the windows stipulated in the contract.

It is highly recommended that the company's supply chain management re-inculcates computations in quantity of ship-sets released, breakdown costs on inputs being used and other critical consumables. The EOQ of HAL door assembly should be raised to high levels; so as to bring in additional costs resulting from low running costs from the new assembled products. Through this, unit acquisition costs will be reduced with purchases of larger quantities. Additional costs can offer more reliable transport system in, hence enabling the importing company to be more dependable on HAL.


Despite the hurdles of delivering the passenger doors in time, Hindustan Aeronautics Limited has been at the fore front of producing most doors used by many airbuses. The company has also partnered with other assembling plants and suppliers in addressing their earlier constrain. Instantly, it has had established departmental entities in the company to deal with the problems associated with delivering the doors and other products to other manufacturing companies. The new notion comprehensively overlooks at the conceptual design methodology of setting up customer -- benefit supplies and low costs from inventory management, follow-ups, monitoring process and supervisions to the delivery chain.
View Full Essay

Overarching Objectives and Background and

Words: 7976 Length: 29 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 49101745

Summary of work completed

To help ensure that affected personnel had an opportunity to communicate their needs for the solution, a telephonic interview with a work coordinator at Ames Central Travel Office was conducted recently; in addition, this telephonic interview was followed by a personal visit to the Ames esearch Center in order gain a clearer understanding of the current workflow process. The end users of the solution provided very insightful suggestion as to what features they would like incorporated in the system. This meeting was highly productive and helped illuminate the numerous steps that were involved in travel request processing and administration that were unclear or unknown prior to the visit.

Because the software development team for this project is currently working on other initiatives, a meeting has been scheduled with them to discuss the scope and duration of the entire project. Preparatory to this meeting, hard copies of…… [Read More]


Ames fact sheet. (2010). NASA. Retrieved from centers/ames/pdf/

283944 main_NASA-Ames-factsheet-2008.pdf.

Center overview. (2010). NASA. Retrieved from
View Full Essay

Lockheed Aerospace Lockheed Martin Aerospace

Words: 2666 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 66160356

This continues act as a barrier to entry for aerospace manufacturers located throughout Asia, specifically China, who are looking to capitalize on increased government spending on defense. The costs associated with hiring, retaining employees and funding security clearances for employees in this industry makes recruitment and retention critical. As a result of all these factors combined the barriers to entry are exceptionally high in the global military aerospace products manufacturing industry.

Buyer Power

Contrary to the significant power aerospace manufacturers have over suppliers, buyers in this industry dominate accounting and costing standards, procedures and systems; prototype development, product validation and testing; product quality levels and pricing. The competitive strength of Lockheed is exemplified in their ability to keep the F-22 Program moving forward despite many delays attributable to design changes and cost reductions as defined by Congress over the life of the program (Browning, Heath, 2009). Buyers also can define…… [Read More]


Browning, T., & Heath, R.. (2009). Reconceptualizing the effects of lean on production costs with evidence from the F-22 program. Journal of Operations Management, 27(1), 23.

Ivan a. Camelier, Luis a. Lourenco, & Jose Lourenco da Saude. (2008). Aircraft sustaining: a holistic and systemic approach establishing the various support components. Aircraft Engineering and Aerospace Technology, 80(5), 526-537.

Gurgur, C., & Morley, C.. (2008). Lockheed Martin Space Systems Company Optimizes Infrastructure Project-Portfolio Selection. Interfaces, 38(4), 251-262,350-351.

Kerstin Johansen, Mica Comstock, & Mats Winroth (2005). Coordination in collaborative manufacturing mega-networks: A case study. Journal of Engineering and Technology Management, 22(3), 226-244.
View Full Essay

Failure to Promise An Uncommon Path to

Words: 1048 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 82782553

Failure to Promise: An Uncommon Path to Professoriate is Dr. C. Moorer's self-help book that aims to motivate the reader and help to establish a series of self-analytical tools that will help the reader achieve his or her goals. As an individual pursuing a degree in aeronautical science, it is difficult to fully relate to Dr. Moorer's journey to become an engineer and professor because of the background that he describes in his book. However, it is interesting to see how Dr. Moorer, through his own experiences, has come to understand strategic concepts that are frequently taught in managerial programs and how many of his concepts can be traced back to theories that have been studied for centuries.

As someone that has worked hard and has been forced to overcome struggles, personally and academically, I find it difficult to take much of Dr. Moorer's struggles to heart because it appears…… [Read More]


The Economic Collapse. (2012). Retrieved 12 July 2012, from 

Moorer, C. (2010). From Failure to Promise: An Uncommon Path to Professoriate. Lexington,


Tzu, S. (n.d.). The Art of War. Retrieved 12 July 2012, from http://history.cultural-
View Full Essay

Aviation Resource Management Survey Inspections

Words: 5220 Length: 18 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 57454992

(2) Analyzing all accident data without regard to the type of airframe provides for an easy sampling and less potential bias toward fixed wing vs. rotary wing aircraft.

(3) Not including ground accidents into the research will allow the research to focus only on aviation accidents.

(4) Limiting the research to a four-year period; 2003 to 2006 will provide an adequate sampling of the data and not constrain the research results.


First Assumption

The first assumption is that accident data to be used will be an adequate sample of class a through class C accidents within the USAREUR area of operations.

Second Assumption

The second assumption is that ARMS inspection dates derived from official USAREUR Publications and historical data files will reflect actual dates of ARMS inspections.

Third Assumption

The third assumption is that current ARMS inspections continue to incorporate comprehensive checklist used to evaluate resource management and assist…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

History of Aviation Safety Aviation

Words: 2180 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 67399676

All of the transportation agencies were consolidated into one big agency -- the new Department of Transportation in 1966, establishing the National Transportation Safety Board as an agency that was independent inside of the department. This new board was also given the responsibility of determining the "probable cause" of: 1) highway accidents selected in cooperation with the states; 2) every passenger train accident, fatal railway accidents, and any railroad accident that caused significant damage; 3) big marine accidents, including any marine accident that involved a public vessel and a nonpublic vessel; 4) pipeline accidents involving a fatality or significant property damage; and lastly, 5) fatalities or major injuries that were caused by the release of hazardous materials (2004).

The creation of the NTSB showed that Congress was thinking that a single agency could come up with a higher level of safety than the individual model agencies that were all working…… [Read More]


Boeing. (2010). Making flying safer -- how Boeing helps to advance safety. Retrieved on September 19, 2010, from the Website:

Federal Aviation Administration. (2010). FAA regulations. Retrieved on September 18,

2010, from the Website,
View Full Essay

Emirates Airlines the Purpose of

Words: 7279 Length: 26 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 953622

" (Knorr and Eisenkopf, 2004) the fifth and final strength identified for Emirates Airline in the work of Knorr and Eisenkopf (2004) is stated to be the Emirates "...award-winning service in all classes, which is matched or exceeded only by very few other carriers such as Singapore Airlines. Sixth, clever marketing - for example, Emirates, not Lufthansa - was named official carrier of the 2006 FIFA World Cup hosted by Germany - has created a very strong brand awareness worldwide. Finally, since the UAE's currency is firmly pegged to the U.S. dollar, Emirates has benefited, at least in recent years, from an additional devaluation-related cost advantage, especially vis-a-vis its Eurozone-based rivals." (2004)

Strengths of Emirates Airline Identified

The work of Knorr and Eisenkopf (2004) state that Emirates Airline weaknesses are really hard to pinpoint however, derived from what is a "notoriously unreliable...source...some posters on travel-related internet blogs are complaining about…… [Read More]


De Chernatony, Leslie (2006) From Band Vision to Brand Evaluation. Butterworth-Heinemann. Google Books Online available at,M1

Deyes, Reena Amos (2008) Branding a Key Component for Development of Airlines. Landor - Thinking in the News May 2008. Online available at

Emirates - a First Class Primer (2008) About FIFA. Online available at

Emirates to Launch First Commercial A380 Service to America (2008) Emirates News 9 June 2008. Online available at
View Full Essay

John F Kennedy and the

Words: 4722 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 70132838

" he spectacular effect achieved by the Russians therefore had a significant effect upon the minds of citizens around the globe (Dick, March 24).

he financial and political implications of the Apollo program became significant once the president made the decision to commit the United States to a Lunar landing. It was important to the president to set a goal that his country had a good chance of achieving before the Soviet Union. After a definite decision for the launch of the project was made, further important issues of politics and financing became deciding factors in the growth and development of the program.

he decision proved to be sound if the reaction of the nation could be used as a measure of effectiveness. he American imagination was captured, and they lent overwhelming support for Kennedy's decision to sponsor the moon landing. In the eyes of the nation, difficulty, expense and…… [Read More]

Transcript of Presidential Meeting in the Cabinet Room of the White House. Topic: Supplemental appropriations for the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), 21 November 1962.

Webb, James E. Letter to President Kennedy. October 29, 1962. NASA History  .
View Full Essay

Human Factors in Aviation Safety

Words: 3281 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 50742327

Human Factors in Aviation Safety

The human beings with their immense capabilities, imagination, creativity, and cleverness have transformed the world into an industrial world that is surrounded by numerous inventions, innovations, and advancements in various facets of life. Aviation industry is also one of the developments of the human beings, which was imagined as an attempt to emulate bird flight. Human beings were engaged in this phenomenon for centuries prior to the emergence of the first flight, which resulted in outstanding civil transport in the form of spaceflight (Campbell & Bagshaw, 2008). However, it is wise to note that the human life is one integral aspect that should not be ignored when any mode of transportation is concerned. To have a safe journey during flights it is demonstrated that aviation safety is essential. Aviation safety principally signifies that prevention techniques in the form of regulation, education, and training should be…… [Read More]


Abeyratne, R. (2012). Strategic Issues in Air Transport: Legal, Economic and Technical Aspects. USA: Springer.

Abu-Taieh, E.M.O., El-Sheikh, A.A. & Jafari, M. (2012). Technology Engineering and Management in Aviation: Advancements and Discoveries. Information Science Reference.

Ben-Daya, M. (2009). Handbook of Maintenance Management and Engineering. USA: Springer.

Campbell, R.D. & Bagshaw, M. (2008). Human Performance and Limitations in Aviation. 3rd Edition. USA: John Wiley & Sons.
View Full Essay

Flight Deck and Human-Machine Interface

Words: 3048 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 47590366

Flight Deck Human-Machine Interface - "What to Expect in the Future"

This paper will analyze the issues associated with the flight deck human-machine interface. The data for this research will be collected through a number of secondary sources. Quantitative analysis of the collected data will be performed on the basis of frequency and types of accidents and the causes of accidents that occurred after the introduction of this technology. Qualitative analysis of the collected data will be performed on the basis of previous researches that were conducted on the issue under consideration. On the basis of the results obtained from this analysis, various recommendations will be proposed so that this technology can be further enhanced and the issues associated with it can be eliminated. The paper will also analyze aviation safety legislation and propose the changes that should be made in the legislation to make this technology safer and more…… [Read More]


Boy, G., & Carlo Cacciabue, P. (1997). Optimization of automation in the civil flight deck, pp. 1-19. European Workshop to Develop Human Factors Guidelines for Flight Deck Certification.

Chialastri, A. (2012). Automation in Aviation, pp. 79-100. Croatia: InTech Europe. Retrieved from 

Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University. (2014). College of Aeronautics: Undergraduate Capstone Policy Guide. Retrieved January 1, 2014 from

Funk, K., Niemczyk, M., Suroteguh, C., & Owen, G. (1999). Flight deck automation issues. The International Journal of Aviation Psychology, 9(2), 109 -- 123.
View Full Essay

Rotorcraft the History of Rotorcraft

Words: 4271 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 46224522

By the early thirties the autogiro had a relatively stable control system that used the rotating blades for control of vertical flight at very low speeds

. By the end of the decade, World War II was under way and the United States Military released a request for bids from aircraft manufacturers to design and build a helicopter. Contracts were given to Sikorsky Aircraft in Bridgeport and Platt-LePage in the Philadelphia, and from this the American helicopters were developed.

. American Helicopters

There are four general helicopter designs which have been developed and produced in the United States: the most common being the tail rotor design, more popularly known as the single rotor design, which has one main rotor and a small tail rotor. Other rotor designs produced in America include the tandem rotor design, the syncropter design and the coaxial design

. The single main rotor and a small…… [Read More]

Voracek, D.; Reaves, M.C.; Horta L.G.; Potter, S. (2002).Ground and Flight Test Structural

Excitation Using Piezoelectric Actuators. NASA Flight Research Center.

Banke, S. (2009). Future Helicopters Get SMART. Retrieved from topics/aeronautics/features/smart_rotor.html.
View Full Essay

Wright Brothers Orville and Wilbur

Words: 1785 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 25156424

S. government of the legitimacy of their invention. They had to travel to France to prove their invention, because they French, who probably had their own stake in being the first inventors of the airplane derided the Wright brothers as being fakes. The brothers were successful in France. They also managed to convince the U.S. Army that their invention was a success.

In 1910, the brothers flew together for the first time. They also took their father on a short flight. In the same year, the brothers also flew cargo, a few bolts of silk. The brothers incorporated a company called the Wright Company. They got into several feuds with the Curtiss Air Company and also the Smithsonian (the secretary of the Smithsonian claimed to have created the first unmanned powered airplane). In both cases, the courts found for the brothers.

From a personal life standpoint, both brothers were confirmed…… [Read More]


Anderson, John David. Inventing Flight: The Wright Brothers & Their Predecessors. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2004.

Crouch, Tom D. The Bishop's Boys: A Life of Wilbur and Orville Wright. New York: W.W. Norton, 1989.

Wright, Orville. "Flying-Machine." United States Patent Office. Ed. Wright Company. U.S.A, 1903. Vol. 821393.
View Full Essay

Airmail in the United States

Words: 5981 Length: 18 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 68589230

S. Postal Systems 1775-1993). A third segment of this transcontinental route was established in 1920 and ran from Chicago to Omaha by way of Iowa City, with feeder lines to this primary route being provided from St. Louis and Minneapolis to Chicago (U.S. Postal Systems 1775-1993). The final transcontinental segment was established on September 8, 1920 and ran from Omaha to San Francisco by way of North Platte, Cheyenne, awlins, ock Springs, Salt Lake City, Elko, and eno (U.S. Postal Systems 1775-1993).

One of the more interesting aspects of this early transcontinental route was the need to remove all of the mail from airplanes at the end of the day and place it on trains for continuation of the service at night by trains since these early aircraft were unable to fly at night; despite this added contrast, though, the transcontinental route was truly a "Pony Express" of the era…… [Read More]


Boston, G. (2005, August 28). Historic site for aircraft; College Park Aviation Museum. The Washington Times, D04.

De Syon, G. (2004). Airlines and air mail: The Post Office and the birth of the commercial aviation industry. Air Power History, 51(1), 56/

Duke, J. & Torres, V. (2005). Multifactor productivity change in the air transportation industry: productivity increases in the U.S. airline industry -- the nation's primary intercity mass transportation system-have played a significant role in the industry's cost-containment efforts and its ability to accelerate growth. Monthly Labor Review, 128(3), 32-34.

Facts and figures about the Postal Service. (2008). U.S. Postal Service. [Online]. Available:
View Full Essay

History of Air Cargo IT's

Words: 3792 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 62401065

It's oeing. Starting from their first aircraft models oeing &W and Douglas DT/C-1 and up to the modern airfreight oeing 747-400, company oeing and oeing-related enterprises had been always on the frontier of air cargo industry, and nowadays oeing airfreights stand for 90% of commercial air cargo companies.

Everything started with mail delivery. Today lots of us associate aircrafts with people transportation, but primary oeing was responsible only for cargo.

The company was started in 1916, when ill oeing and his partner George Westervelt made a first model of future civil aviation's world leader- jet &W. &W had later become the first plane that was delivering cargo and mail to New Zealand. Three years later ill oeing and Eddie Hubbard delivered 60 letters from Vancouver, Canada to Seattle, which became the first event in the history of international air shipping.

Nearly at the same time, company Douglas Aircraft had signed…… [Read More]


Allaz, Camille The history of Air cargo and airmail Christopher Foyle Publishing, 2002

IATA International Traffic Statistics: December 2004 and Year-end 2004 available on web:

Boeing History articles from
View Full Essay

Sociology Technology

Words: 2705 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 52336676

NASA and Integrated Financial Management Project

Like most government organizations, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) passed through several stages of development and bureaucracy. Upon its creation in 1958, the agency was run with a combination of research freedom and tight management. This combination helped foster a strong, integrated organizational culture within NASA.

Since then, however, NASA has grown into ten separate research agencies situated around the country. Each agency was run as an autonomous unit, with its own vision, research tasks, staff and organizational culture.

The last few years have seen another shift in NASA's organizational culture, as the organization implements "ONE NASA," a plan to move towards a more implemented space organization.

This first part of this paper examines the current structure of NASA, and the problems that are spawned by its fragmented structure. The paper then looks at the goals, obstacles and potential benefits of the…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Bell, Mary F. (2002). NASA's Organization: Introducing NASA Personnel, Programs, and Facilities. Washington, DC: NASA Headquarters Department of Public Affairs.

Bromberg, Joan Lisa (1999). NASA and the Space Industry. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.

Integrated Financial Management Program (2003). IFMP Frequently Asked Questions. Retrieved 10 February 2003 at

McCurdy, Howard E. (1993). Inside NASA: High Technology and Organizational Change in the U.S. Space Program. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press
View Full Essay

Premium Aerotec How Can Premium

Words: 19753 Length: 60 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 29815830

2.0 Strategic Situation Analysis

In order to understand the nature of aircraft manufacture at Boeing, it is important to have a clear vision of how outsourcing plays into the manufacture of aircraft. Let us use the example of Boeing's Dreamliner. The following illustration explains how outsourcing plays a key role in Boeing's business strategy. These represent TIER 1 suppliers.

Figure 1.


From here, the parts go to the plant in Everett and are assembled by TIER 2 suppliers as follows:


These two illustrations clearly help to develop an understanding of the relationship between TIER 1 and TIER 2 suppliers at Boeing.

2.1 SOT Analysis:

SOT analysis is a planning method used to evaluate a company's strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats. In a business analysis, all of these factors are analyzed for the company under study and their competitors. This analysis allows the researcher to see both…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Airbus. "Welcome to the world of Airbus." 2011. < / ..

Accessed February 17, 2011.

BA. "Boeings Outsourcing for the 787 "Dreamliner",." September, 28, 2006 <>.
View Full Essay

Apollo 1 Who What When

Words: 2202 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 41055281

', the prime Apollo 1 command and service modules contractor. A task force review was conducted and headed up by Samuel C. Phillips, Apollo Program Director. Phillips conducted an extensive investigation of the management of the contractor on programs and recommended remedial action for North American Aviation, Inc.

J. Budget Impacts at NASA

It is reported that NASA did not feel effects from the accident budget-wise of the 1967 fiscal year however the Apollo 204 accident "therefore, will appear in future years as is evidenced bit the increase in the total runout cost estimate for the Apollo program." (eport of Apollo 204 eview Board-- NASA Historical eference Collection) Findings of the Apollo eview Board of the Apollo accident reported having "…determined that the test conditions at the time of the accident were 'extremely hazardous by either NASA of the contractor prior to the accident." (eport of Apollo 204 eview Board--…… [Read More]


Hill, William C. (2000) Final Report: Inspection of Apollo 1/204 Hardware. September 2000. Retrieved from:

Report of the Committee on Aeronautical and Space Sciences United States Senate with Additional View. 30 Jan 1968 Apollo 204 Accident. 90th Congress 2d Session. Report No. 956. Retrieved from:

Hill, William C. (2000) Final Report: Inspection of Apollo 1/204 Hardware. September 2000. Retrieved from:

U.S. Senate Report (nd) Retrieved from:
View Full Essay

Water Rocket Design and Lesson

Words: 1388 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 23027042

Therefore, it will be the teacher's responsibility to streamline the use of a standard bike pump and the erection of a launch tube, ensuring that this common denominator does not impact differently any group's experimental design.

Using a wide open space such as a soccer field which is not in the direct proximity of any structures or populated areas, groups could affix their respective design to the launch tube and retain it by tethering it to a length of twine. The student selected as the launch captain for each group would stand at a distance of at least 20 feet with the free end of the string at hand while another student from the group, selected as Ground Control, would activate the bike pump. Upon the point at which the compressed air reaches the top of the water bottle and pressure begins to build, the launch captain would release the…… [Read More]

Works Cited:

Johnson, D. (1998). Water Rocket Annex. Dog Rockets. Online at

Mazza, D. (2005). All About Water Rockets. NASA. Online at

Wikipedia. (2009). Water Rocket. Wikimedia, Ltd. Inc.

Wikipedia1. (2009). Newton's Laws of Motion. Wikimedia, Ltd. Inc.
View Full Essay

Hangar Space - A Physical

Words: 9159 Length: 25 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 21028571

egulations and requirements

The Federal Aviation Authority -- FAA passed the "Vision100 - Century of Aviation eauthorization Act," which among other regulations also allowed for the allocation of the AIP funds for the facilities like hangars and fuel farms. This is stated in the law that the secretary can pay the funds "apportioned to the airport sponsor under section 47114 (d) (3) (a) and if the Secretary determines that the sponsor has made adequate provision for financing airside needs of the airport." ("Airport Improvement Program," 2004) Therefore all planners and builders are required to submit a business plan. In the event where the promoter of the proposed airport is not requiring the genera fund, still considering these guidelines will help in determining the profitability and the types of facility and structures required. The foremost concern is to evaluate the need. The plan must show the demand envisaged for the facility.…… [Read More]


Banister, David; Berechman, Joseph. (2000) "Transport Investment and Economic

Development" UCL Press: London.

De Neufville, Richard; Odoni, Amedeo R. (2002) "Airport Systems: Planning, Design, and Management" McGraw-Hill.

Doganis, Rigas. (2002) "Flying off Course: The Economics of International Airlines"
View Full Essay

Challenger Space Shuttle Disaster it

Words: 3710 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 8488857

There was one thing or the other to delay the launch of the Challenger, until the D-Day, when the shuttle was launched at 11:38 AM as against the scheduled take off time of 9:38 AM on January 28. About seventy three seconds into the mission, the Challenger exploded in mid air, and all the seven crew members were killed instantaneously. For the hundreds of people, the family and friends and others who had gathered at the site to watch the launching of the Challenger, it was a sight that they would never be able to forget. They were forced to watch helplessly and fearfully, as the fiery flames consumed their loved ones. The entire nation, which was watching events as they unfolded on their television sets, was rendered speechless. (Challenger Disaster, a National Tragedy)

onald eagan, the President of the United States of America at the time, stated, "Today is…… [Read More]


Administrator Goldin issues statement on Tenth Anniversary of Challenger Observance.

National Aeronautics and Space Administration. January 16, 1996. 

Baura, Gail D. Engineering ethics, an industrial perspective.

Academic Press. 2006.
View Full Essay

XML Physical Evaluation of XML

Words: 2450 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 26696582

One such body is the American National Standards Institute or ANSI which is a non-profit private organization that surprisingly institutes standards the industry accepts voluntarily. Other influential standards organizations include the Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers or IEEE and the Organization for Standardization or ISO. The IEEE was the organization that defined LAN standards in the Project 802 or the 802 series. These projects could be the blueprints that could be used to make XML more effective by using PAT Algebra Operators for query needs.

XML PAT Algebra Operators

The internet is based on a foundation of distributed hypertext. There is also plenty of proof that the internet could be regarded as a large distributed database where there are million to billions of queries processed daily. "XML is too slow an exchange format for any large volume of data transfer. It is fine for exchange of small amounts of…… [Read More]


Avolio, Frederick M. (2000, March 20). Best Practices In Network Security -- As The Networking Landscape Changes, So Must The Policies That Govern Its Use. Don't Be Afraid Of Imperfection When It Comes To Developing Those For Your Group. Network Computing.

Dekker, Marcel. (n.d.). Security of the Internet. Retrieved on January 17, 2005, at 

Gast, Matthew. (2002, April 19). Wireless LAN Security: A Short History. Retrieved on January 17, 2005, at

Oasis. (n.d.). XML: Overview. Retrieved on January 17, 2005, at
View Full Essay

Hubble Space Telescope

Words: 3457 Length: 11 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 30233308

Hubble Space Telescope

As the world's first Earth-orbiting reflecting telescope, the Hubble Space Telescope (HST) represents the culmination of the dreams of many astronomers and the fulfillment of a hope that began in the 1950's when the United States launched instruments into space in order to study the Earth's atmosphere. Our planetary speck in space, namely the Earth, is only one of hundreds of billions of planets that surely orbit other star systems; our Milky Way galaxy, composed of billions of stars and other astronomical bodies, is but one out of billions of other galaxies. Thus, in order to increase our knowledge of the universe, the Hubble Space Telescope serves a vital function, for since its launch in 1990, despite several crucial problems, it has revealed a universe full of mysterious bodies, nebula, star systems and galaxies and has expanded the possibilities that humankind is not alone in the universe.…… [Read More]


"Eye on the Universe: The Hubble Space Telescope." Internet. HST Update: October 29, 1997. Accessed April 18, 2005.

"Hubble Space Telescope." Internet. 2005. Accessed April 18, 2005.

Nemiroff, Robert. "Astronomy Picture of the Day." Internet. Accessed April 18, 2005.
View Full Essay

Protection Afforded to a U S

Words: 4974 Length: 17 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 35111847

Sometime the debtor is able to successfully reduce its liability and returns to profitability but quite often it returns to seek the court's protection again and sometime the end result is liquidation.

Under Chapter 11 protections, the debtor gets an automatic protection from all creditors. The unsecured creditors cannot lay a claim on assets and secured creditors are also prevented from foreclosing on their collateral. A Chapter-11 company also gets the advantage of discarding or renegotiating union agreements, ability to freeze or cut wages and benefits and restructures its staffing requirement. Retirement and pension plans can also be reviewed or the company can transfer its pension obligations to the Federal Pension enefit Guaranty Corporation.

The reorganization is carried out by the bankruptcy and the court appointed trustee. The trustee appoints committee(s) to represent the creditor's interests and work out a plan for reorganization of the company. The reorganization plan must…… [Read More]


Boser, R.J., Has the Airline Deregulation Act of 1978 adversely affected airline safety? Retrieved from Internet on 8 Nov 2005. 

Delaney, K.J., Strategic Bankruptcy (Review), Retrieved from Internet on 8 Nov 2005.

Fix, J.L., The chaotic skies: A look at how deregulation has affected the airline industry, 2001, retrieved from Internet on 8 Nov 2005.

Isidore, C., U.S. Air files Chapter 11 -- "again, retrieved from Internet on 8 Nov 2005.
View Full Essay

Communication and Safety One of

Words: 1213 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 40689722

As a result, major changes have been introduced to the area of communication since it was difficult for junior personnel in aviation to present their opinions in the past. The junior personnel faced the difficulties in voicing their opinions because of fear of embarrassment and being reprimanded by the captain. Due to the change and the increase recognition of the significance of communication in aviation operations, the junior personnel and flight crew are incorporated to ensure that the best safety-related decisions are made.

Safety Program:

Since communication between managers, maintainers, pilots, and other crew is essential in enhancing aviation safety, the development of an efficient safety program that addresses communication problems is crucial. Aircraft accidents can be lessened significantly through efficient and consistent communication between all the stakeholders in the aviation industry and the parties in aviation operations. The safety program should address the proper encoding and decoding of messages,…… [Read More]


Hill, a.C. (2011, November 5). An Approach to an Aviation Safety Program. Retrieved August

6, 2012, from

Krivonos, P.D. (2007, June 10). Communication in Aviation Safety: Lessons Learned and Lessons Required. Retrieved August 6, 2012, from 

Madson, L. (n.d.). Human Factors in Aviation Communication. Retrieved August 4, 2012,
View Full Essay

Aerodynamic Coefficients Influence on the Performance of

Words: 1331 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 92981296

Aerodynamic Coefficients Influence on the Performance of LM1 Car

Car aerodynamics is governed by the same principles governing aircraft flights; the main focus being to produce down force instead of lift. In car aerodynamics, there is need to force more high speed-low pressure air to go under the car creating negative lift; down force (apid acer, 2012). This results in higher grip levels for the tires and more traction, especially speeding around corners. For high performance cars, aerodynamics is achieved in several ways. The basic hypothesis is that faster driving increases down force thus pushing car's tires down resulting in higher grips and tractions during races. The downward force also known as drag is the square of the car's velocity; which is double the speed (Unlimited Performance Products, 2007). However, this increased down force reduces top speed resulting in more engine power to propel the car forward as shown below.…… [Read More]


Buresti, G. (2004). The Influence of Aerodynamics on the Design of High-Performance Road Vehicles. University of Pisa.

Filip, A., & Galetuse, S. (2011). Study of the Aerodynamic Forces Evaluation Methods. Incas Bulletin, 35-43.

Gal-Or, B. (1990). Vectored Propulsion, Supermaneuverability & Robot Aircraft. Springer Verlag.

Goldstein, E. (2010). Wind Tunnels, Don't Count Them Out. Aerospace America, Vol. 48 N0. 4, 38-43.
View Full Essay

Apollo 13 Analysis and Diagnosis Using the

Words: 1506 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 63953010

Apollo 13 analysis and diagnosis using the 1995 film "Apollo 13" starring tom hanks

Apollo 13 analysis and diagnosis

Executive summery

The exploration of the space brought a lot of excitement. The super power countries, each has sought to establish its dominance and security by exploring the space. NASA is the United States agency for exploring the space. This report has evaluated the Apollo 13 incident in view of the film that was released of the same. The discussion centers on the two groups that is the ground and space teams.

The exploration of the space began in the late 1950s. It started after the Second World War ended. It was as a result of the United States and the Soviet Union having a cold war (McCray 2013). The space exploration hence provided the arena for this competition. Hence, this was the basis for the need for an organization that…… [Read More]


Gorn, M.H., & Aldrin, B. (2005). NASA: The complete illustrated history. Norwalk, CT: Easton


Goodloe, A.E., Person, S., & International Symposium on Nasa Formal Methods, NFM. (2012).

Nasa formal methods: Third international symposium, NFM 2011, Pasadena, CA, USA,
View Full Essay

Configuration Management Design Methodology for Producing Modularity

Words: 4741 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 68722043

Configuration Management

Design Methodology for producing Modularity

Aspects of modular product design:

Attribute integrity

Process integrity

Process stability

Details oriented

Scope, procedures, goals, and objectives

Simple configuration control

Minimum requirement for labor

Precise and absolute descriptions of changes in question

Cooperative and responsive customers'

Effective coordination among project team members


Software Configuration Management

Configuration Item

Engineering Change equest


Configuration Control Board

Parallels between the data and functional design of the plan

Advantages of modularity





163. CONFIGUATION Management (CM)


Process Overview

183.2 CM PLANNING AND Management







Acronyms Used

CM -- Configuration Management

SOA - Service Oriented Architecture

CCBs…… [Read More]


Buckley, Fletcher J., Implementing Configuration Management: Hardware, Software, Firmware,

Second Edition, IEEE Press, Piscataway, NJ: 1993

Daniels, M.A., Principles of Configuration Management, Advanced Application Consultants,

Inc., Rockville, MD: 1985
View Full Essay

Developing Space Vehicles for Future Space Tourism

Words: 3364 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 90105340

Space Vehicles for Future Space Tourism

Developing Space Vehicles for Future Space Tourism

Today, certain individuals in the developing countries could be viewing "space tourism" as vocabulary. Nonetheless, in the developed countries, this term is turning to be more familiar and gradually becoming a holiday experience for world Forbes. This is an expensive venture that is exciting, stunning, adventurous, and relatively remains the least exploited phenomena in the world history. Since the first "space tour" in 2001, the rich stamps their foot on a fact that wherever they can go, the poor cannot manage to go, and what the poor can do, they can do best. Over the past few decades, the general perception about space tourism has been changing yearly. History reveals that this perception considered space tourism as a "science fiction." However, this term currently gains recognition and is becoming the most important grand target for the growing…… [Read More]


Ashford, D.M. (1984). Space tourism: Key to the universe? Journal of Spaceflight, 26(4), 123-

Bono, P. (1973). The reusable booster paradox: Aircraft technology or operations? Journal of Space Flight, 9(3), 379-387.

Broz, T.A. (1985). NASA administrator rules out shuttle for space tourism. Commerce on Space Tourism, 9(8), 68-77.

Gerard, M. & Jefferson, P. (1998). International cooperation in space: New government and industry relationships. Journal of Space Exploration, 9(5), 27-39.
View Full Essay

Framework for Awarding Audit Contracts by US Government Departments Agencies

Words: 15848 Length: 58 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 43068824

awarding audit contracts by U.S. government departments and agencies

Audit Management


Rationale for and Objectives of the project

main and secondary

esktop or literature search

Rationale for Search Methodology


Authoritative sources

esktop Findings

Justification for audits

Evolving role of auditors

Types of audit contracts

Understanding the Audit Process

Best practices and benchmarking


Case Studies

Audit management is a fundamental element in government accountability, control and performance management. Certainly there is justification within the Federal government to conduct audits of contracts for the procurement of goods and services.

It is imperative that Federal programs and agencies obtain reasonable assurance that the vendors they are dealing with are providing fair and adequate services based on contract specifications and government regulations. Federal agencies need to insure that their basic financial statements are free of material misrepresentation, that their performance is in compliance with certain expressed provisions of laws, regulations,…… [Read More]

Domestic & Foreign Product Preferences, Briefing Papers, Second Series, December 2000 (John W. Chierichella, Jonathan S. Aronie, Andrew Skowronek)

When is Information Confidential? The Government and Courts' Ongoing Tug-of-War over FOIA's Exemption 4 Leaves Contracts Professionals in a Bind," Contract Management, November 2000 (Jonathan S. Aronie, John W. Chierichella, James J. McCullough)

The Government's Assault of FOIA Exemption 4: Do You Know Where Your
View Full Essay

Norman R Augustine

Words: 2649 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 34093876

Norman Augustine

Norman . Augustine has played an influential role in the world of engineering and in the Office of the Secretary of Defense. The purpose of this discussion is to provide a biographical sketch of Augustine. In addition we will discuss his career accomplishments and how they have impacted America and the World. Finally we will focus on Augustine's theories and the book Augustine Laws.

Norman Augustine Biography

Norman Augustine was born in 1935 in Denver Colorado and grew up during World War II. (Outside experts Norman Augustine 2004) He was an exceptional student and entered Princeton in 1953 and received his bachelors of science in engineering in 1957. Augustine also received a master's degree from Princeton in 1959. (Norman . Augustine)

He has also received several honorary doctorates in Engineering and Science from several institutions of learning throughout the country. (Norman . Augustine)

In 1958, while still obtaining…… [Read More]


Adelman K.L. And Augustine, N. (1992) "Defense Conversion: Bulldozing the Management." Foreign Affairs. Vol 71, Number 2

Gottlieb, S. (1997). Defense Addiction: Can America Kick the Habit?. Boulder, CO: Westview Press.

Pages, E.R. (1996). Responding to Defense Dependence: Policy Ideas and the American Defense Industrial Base. Westport, CT: Praeger Publishers.

Van Nostrand, A.D. (1997). Fundable Knowledge: The Marketing of Defense Technology. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
View Full Essay

How Unions Were Helped Through the Railway Labor Act of 1926

Words: 1332 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 30197415

1926 Railway Act & Aviation Legislation

The reasons that Congress passed the 1926 Railway Act go well beyond just labor disputes in the railway industry. This paper covers those issues and also delves into how the airline industry became part of the Act.

The 1926 Railway Act -- Background

The Act became law in 1926 because there was a need to keep "…the American economy flowing without the disruption of railway labor disputes" (Bank, 2006). But the Act also related to protecting the rights of railway employees to join a union if they wish to. In fact the Act has proven to be "…one of the most crucial laws passed" in America's economic history, Bank writes on page 1. At the crux of the matter was the unionization of railway workers, but the Act became a model for other industries where union activities were taking place.

In the book Airline…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Bank, B. (2006). Railway Labor Act. Saint Francis University. Retrieved September 20, 2014,

From .

Larsen, P.B., Sweeney, J., and Gillick, J. (2012). Aviation Law: Cases, Laws and Related

Sources: Second Edition. Boston, MA: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers.
View Full Essay

Search for Extraterrestrial Life The Existence of

Words: 3114 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 47845214

Search for Extraterrestrial Life: The Existence of Non-Human Intelligent Beings in Our Galaxy

The possibility of extraterrestrial life has always intrigued philosophers, scientists, theologians and even lay people for centuries. The fascinating question of whether there are other intelligent creatures in space, however, remains unsolved despite technological advancements in science particularly because thus far, there still lacks conclusive evidence. Motivations for the search for non-human life range from scientific and philosophical levels, technical and practical levels, to even the need to eliminate the loneliness of the human race in time and space. Scientists and astronomers remain committed to the search because the answer to this question has profound consequences: it will explain the nature and destiny of intelligent life on the universe, the culmination of evolution in different galaxies and provide more insight on the role of human beings on the universe, as well as what they are capable of…… [Read More]


Aczel, A. D (1998). Probability 1. Florida: Harcount, Inc.

Drake, F. (1988). The Search for Extraterrestrial Life. Los Alamos Science Fellows Colloquium. Retrieved 3 June 2015 from

Hawkin, S. (n.d). Life in the Universe. Retrieved 3 June from

Kelly, M. (2012). Expectation of Extraterrestrial Life Built More on Optimism than Evidence, Study Finds. Princeton University Library. Retrieved 3 June 2015 from
View Full Essay

Strategic Approach to Human Resource

Words: 1953 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 8283795

human resource development within the context of the learning and growth perspective of this approach to strategic management to be employed within university settings. This perspective will draw a strategic management and measurement tool, while also exploring available options, at least options to discuss in an open marketing setting by which to integrate strategy and execution.

This perspective alternates around The Greatbatch Management Team's ability to continue to theoretically improve and create value for its stakeholders, as well as the organization's human resource development in the context of the evolutionary process involving a shift from training to a learning orientation in libraries so as to shoot for optimal advantages and earn percentages for their stakeholders.

Quite simply, the proposition herein stated is to create value for their institution's stakeholders. The impasse belief that companies will not generally generate income through accounting terminology, through intangible assets, and their role in strategy…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

U S Space Shuttle Disaster Analysis

Words: 870 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 20899388

The report identifies NASA as "working with an unrealistic set of flights" (Cases Study. N.D.); timelines "which were retained and increased pressure to meet schedules by senior NASA managers" (Case Study. N.D.). The Challenger disaster was marked by the reality that

"NASA had found evidence that O-rings had allowed hot exhaust to burn through a primary seal. Since 1982 the O-rings had been designated a "Criticality 1" issue. Indeed, a January shuttle launch in cold weather just a year earlier had shown significant burn through of the O-rings. The day before the Challenger launch, engineers at orton Thiokol, a NASA contractor, raised concerns that the frigid temperatures at Cape Canaveral would cause the shuttle's rocket booster "O-rings" to fail -- which would mean catastrophe for the shuttle. Just hours before liftoff, Thiokol engineers were recommending that the launch be delayed. After hours of discussion, NASA pressed forward with the launch…… [Read More]

Much like the Challenger incident the CAIB report finds "NASA management practices to be as much a cause of the accident as the foam that struck the left wing 81 sec into flight. These practices included: allowing the shuttle to fly with known flaws, blocking the flow of critical information up the hierarchy, and inadequate safety monitoring" (O'Leary, J. June 2, 2010). As with the O-ring on Challenger, a seemingly minor technical issue was the problem. "Foam had been falling off the tank since the very first shuttle flight, and NASA had long been trying to fix it. But in each case, NASA decided it was okay to keep flying. Over time, this led to a significant understating or a collective ignoring of an actual risk" (O'Leary, J. June 2, 2010).

Clearly, there were systemic organizational issues which confronted NASA over the course of several decades which led to the two disasters however, what specifically went wrong and more importantly how could these areas have been addressed?

At the core of both of these incidents was an organizational inertia "reflecting missed opportunities, blocked or ineffective communication channels, flawed analysis, and ineffective leadership" (Case Study. N.D.). After the Challenger flight the Rogers report's "recommendations included that NASA restructure its management to tighten control, and set a group dedicated to finding and tracking hazards in regard to shuttle safety" (Case Study. N.D.). Yet, after the Columbia disaster, the CAIB report found that "though NASA underwent many management reforms in the wake of the Challenger accident…the agency's powerful human space flight culture remained intact, as did many practices…such as inadequate concern over
View Full Essay

Project Management Is it Really

Words: 10950 Length: 25 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 88347281

To date, little eseach exists on the actual costs and benefits of poject management. Much of the infomation that exists is a poduct of advetising mateials distibuted though the poject management fims. Little unbiased infomation egading the value of poject management exists. This eseach will povide an unbiased view of the benefits and costs of the poject manage. Aviation manages will be able to use this infomation to make decisions about whethe to use a poject manage o whethe to find anothe way to pefom those duties that may be moe cost effective.


This study will use quantitative analysis to detemine if aviation officials feel that poject manages epesents an opeational efficiency in tems of cost-effectiveness o if they epesent inefficiency and waste. The eseach will use a suvey methodology that will ask aviation manage's questions that will ask them to quantify both the tangible and intangible benefits of…… [Read More]

references and further reading you must purchase this article.

International Journal of Project

Management. 28 (5): 461-468.

Cresswell, J. (1994). Research Design: Qualitative and Quantitative Approaches.

London: Sage..
View Full Essay

Strategic Role of Human Resource

Words: 1583 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 17375327

Furthermore, those experts who will be successful in directing their organizations into the future are the ones who comprehend corporate culture, tactics and policies, distinguish future difficulties and work solutions. Additionally, they should be able to deal handle all kinds of people, can communicate excellently orally and in writing and can identify, employ and train future managers. Those human resource executives with an organizational growth orientation have acquired power as organizations tries to change workforce associations from individual to mutual (Beer and Walton, 2002).

As organizations persist to move close to joint systems and collective monetary resources for managing human capital, more and more organizations are liable to merge both Human esource and Organizational Development. A time has reached to relinquish discussing Organizational Development participation in human resource systems and look for the current chances of displaying the skills of Organizational Development in constructing organizational capacity and having in place…… [Read More]


Beer, M., & Walton, a. (2002). Strategic Staffing: A Practical Toolkit for Workforce Planning.

New York: American Management Association.

Dunn, J. (1987). Organizational Change and Development. Annual Review of Psychology, 38(1),

View Full Essay

Improving Carbon Management to Mitigate

Words: 4856 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 86822626

Figure 3. Central England Temperature

Note: Blue bars indicates changes in CET annual values during the period 1877 to 2006 relative to the average over the 1961-90 baseline period (about 9.5 "C). Error bars enclose the 95% confidence range and the red line highlights decadal variations.

Source: UK Climate Projections 2011 at / content/view/751/500/

As shown in Figure 3 above, the Central England temperature (CET) has increased by approximately one degree Celsius since 1980; in fact, the year 2006 was the warmest on record (Central England temperature 2010). Some salient trends represented by these historic weather patterns include:

1. Following a period of relative long-term stability for most of the 20th century, CET has increased by about a degree Celsius since the 1980s. This is a more rapid rise than that of the global average land-surface temperature over the same period, and considerably faster than that of the global…… [Read More]


Allen, R.D., Seaman, S.M. & Delascio, J.E. 2009 "Emerging Issues: Global Warming Claims

and Coverage Issues." Defense Counsel Journal 76(1): 12-13.

"A low-carbon UK." 2011 U.K. Department of Energy & Climate Change. [online] available:
View Full Essay

Magnetic-Levitation Trains Today Innovations in

Words: 2852 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 67949292


Not everyone is of a like mind when it comes to the potential benefits of magnetic levitation technologies, though. While research into maglev train technologies has been underway in the United States since the mid-1960s following the passage of the High Speed Ground Transportation Act of 1965, but much of the interest was limited to paper studies based on the perceived constraints involved in deploying maglev technologies (Uher, 1999). Based on the successes enjoyed by other countries, most notably Germany and China, maglev technologies for the nation's train system received some new support during the late 1990s. For example, Macdonald points out that, "In 1998, President Bill Clinton signed the Transportation Equity Act for the 21st Century, a $218 billion blueprint for America's transit systems, highways and bridges. It included $60 million from the Highway Trust Fund for the Magnetic Levitation Transportation Technology Deployment Program, and the possibility of…… [Read More]


At least 15 die as maglev crashes. (2006, September 23). The Birmingham Post, 8.

Baard, M. (2006, April/May). Working on the railroad. Plenty, 26-27.

Banutu-Gomez, M. (2007). Production and trade factors between China and U.S.. Journal of Global Business Issues, 1(1), 81-82.

Cavendish, M. (2003). How it works: Science and technology. New York: Marshall Cavendish.
View Full Essay

U S Foreign Affairs Since 1898

Words: 3090 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 8617183

President Johnson became even more fearful of a communist take-over.

In 1964, when two American ships were attacked by the North Vietnamese in the Gulf of Tonkin "the American Senate gave Johnson the power to give armed support to assist any country requesting help in defense of its freedom," effectively beginning the Vietnam War without a formal declaration of war (BBC 2009). The wide-scale bombing of the North in 'Operation olling Thunder' began in February 1965. By March 1965, the first American ground troops had landed in South Vietnam and by December 1965, there were 150,000 servicemen stationed in the country (BBC 2009).

ichard Nixon was elected to the presidency in 1968, promising a policy of Vietnamization or the taking-over of the war against the North by native Vietnamese troops. However, it would be four more years before substantial withdrawals of American servicemen occurred. Nixon also supported dictators in Laos…… [Read More]


An overview of the crisis. (1997). The Cuban Missile Crisis. Crisis Center. Thinkquest.

Retrieved January 1, 2009 at

The Berlin Airlift. (2010). Cold War Museum. Retrieved January 1, 2009 at 

Chang, Laurence & Peter Kornbluh. (1998). A national security archive documents reader.
View Full Essay

United States Senator Bill Nelson

Words: 680 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 14179737

As Nelson puts it, "I've asked the president to use money from leftover stimulus funds. . . I've also asked him to help minimize the job losses after the space shuttle is retired, in part, by transferring other NASA-related work to Cape Canaveral" ("U.S. Senator ill Nelson," Internet). Obviously, since Cape Canaveral is located in Florida, Senator Nelson is attempting to guarantee that the space program continues to help increase the financial coffers of the state, not to mention the creation of many jobs for those with expertise in the space sciences.

In 1986, Senator Nelson became the only member of the U.S. Congress to ever have flown in space and as a result is now a very outspoken advocate for space exploration. In 2001, Senator Nelson stated that the International Space Station is also of great importance, "Not the least of which. . . To support research activities in…… [Read More]


"Senator Bill Nelson on the Space Program." Real Clear Politics. July 20, 2009. Internet.

Accessed November 10, 2009 from 


"Statement of Senator Bill Nelson: Senate Space Roundtable." September 26, 2001. Internet.
View Full Essay

Distributional Issues and Protection With

Words: 926 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 68983768

A second loss refers to the reduced ability to sustain cultural experiences, as the number of tourists to and from the United States is restricted by financial criteria. This could easily translate in not only social and individual loses, but also issues related to the country's ability to acquire knowledge on the culture and civilization of other global regions. Additionally, it could also cost the United States as it would limit its inhabitants' abilities to share knowledge with specialists in other countries, include their own expertise, and as such sustain the development of their native country.

A protected airline industry has the third impact of reducing the quality of the products and services offered to the customer. This is generically possible due to the reduced levels of competition, which allow airline operators to rely on the services they offer, rather than striving to improve their offering. This translates into reduced…… [Read More]


Cleveland, P.A., Jared, R., October 2002, Airline Protectionism Hurts Travelers, the Freeman Ideas on Liberty, / last accessed on October 26, 2009

2007, Leading Article: The Absurd Economics of a Protected Industry, the Independent, last accessed on October 26, 2009

World Tourism Organization, 1994, Seminar on GATS Implications for Tourism, ISBN 9284401461

World Trade Organization, 1998, Tourism Services, last accessed on October 26, 2009
View Full Essay

Change Management Using Various Organizational

Words: 4441 Length: 13 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 47664924

Software quality management, compliance, and collaboration across the entire organization also need to be integrated at the process and role level with the LMA supply chain. As the LMA supply chain is very unique in that it specifically deals with prototypes often that are under covered under security guidelines and clearances, there needs to be continual focus on change management and task ownership in this area as well. For LMA supply chains is their major source of pricing competitive advantage as the company ahs been responsible for several innovations in this process area (Cheung, Myers, 2008). In conclusion as CEO of LMA the challenge of attaining and strengthening global competitiveness begins with being a transformational leader followed by concentrating on transforming compliance into a competitive advantage, and also striving to create a high level of task ownership, mastery and collaboration within and between the company's teams and outside partners including…… [Read More]


Appelbaum, S., J. Berke, J. Taylor, and J. Vazquez. "The Role of Leadership During Large Scale Organizational Transitions: Lessons from Six Empirical Studies." Journal of American Academy of Business, Cambridge 13, no. 1

(March 1, 2008): 16-24.

Spencer Arnesen, and Jeff Thompson. "ERP merger mania." Strategic Finance 85, no. 4 (October 1, 2003): 30-36.

Mark Brenner. "It's all about people: change management's greatest lever." Business Strategy Series 9, no. 3 (May 1, 2008): 132-137.
View Full Essay

Era of Women's Rights and

Words: 2510 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 70306552

In Iran, the American-backed Shah had become increasingly unpopular throughout the 1970s. The Shah fled Iran in 1979, finding temporary refuge in the United States. Religious extremist Ayatollah Khomeni easily filled Iran's political and social need for a backlash against American interventionism.

Iran's 1979 Revolution had a major impact on its relationship with the United States and with the rest of the world. hereas the Shah had guaranteed a steady supply of oil to the United States in exchange for "economic and military aid," the Ayatollah Khomeni did not ("The Hostage Crisis in Iran"). The situation created a second oil crisis and subsequent inflation. Moreover, the Iranian Revolution soured American relations with the nation when on November of 1979, Iranian militants "stormed the United States Embassy in Tehran and took approximately seventy Americans captive," ("The Hostage Crisis in Iran"). The hostage scenario symbolized the rise of terrorism and specifically, anti-American…… [Read More]

Works Cited

The 1964 Civil Rights Act to the Present." Retrieved Feb 8, 2009 at

Aberman, Samara. "The War on Drugs." PBS NewsHourExtra. 2001. Retrieved Feb 8, 2009 at

Dirks, Tim. "Film History of the 1970s." The History of Film. Retrieved Feb 8, 2009 at 

Halber, Deborah. Seventies oil crisis was a 'perfect storm' for U.S. MIT. March 23, 2007. Retrieved Feb 8, 2009 at
View Full Essay

Healthcare in New Hampshire Specifically

Words: 1028 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 74296400

The Wrights had thought of this; it was in Claim 1 of their patent" (Heppenheimer, 2003, p. 324). However, Claim 1 was not part of the litigation, which meant that the remaining Wright brother, Orville (Wilber died in 1912), had to file a brand new suit, which he did in 1914 (Heppenheimer, 2003, p. 324). This second suit dragged on until 1917, when it became obsolete because of World War I. The U.S. government ordered a massive number of airplanes to fight the war, and patent holders all pooled their resources to help the government. By this time, Curtiss had numerous patents of his own, and he never instigated a patent lawsuit, believing the technology and shared information was far more important than patent infringement (Heppenheimer, 2003, p. 330). His flying boats were being used by England before America entered the war, and to get around the lawsuit, Curtiss built…… [Read More]


Editors. (2009). Glenn Curtiss and the Wright patent battles. Retrieved 14 Jan. 2009 from the Centennial of Flight Web site:

Heppenheimer, T.A. (2003). First flight: The Wright Brothers and the invention of the airplane. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.

Shulman, S. (2002). Unlocking the sky: Glenn Hammond Curtiss and the race to invent the airplane.
View Full Essay

Organized Labor in U S Commercial

Words: 3198 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 67577375

43 in 2009. Yet current airframe and power plant mechanics are inclined to move to the computer and automotive sector for better work environment. Analysts advised the creation and use of informational recruiting tools to attract these potential workers. in-house training programs on long-term career growth and a sense of commitment to the company would be one form. Another could be employee-retention programs on leadership, technical, and management training courses. Other tools and strategies could be flexi-time, relocation benefits and an improved work environment. Recent mergers and consolidations within the industry are meant to retain employees and serve a wide range of customers. The technology-driven industry requires mechanics with the necessary technological competence in order to provide the wide range of services required by customers. A resourceful information management system could integrate e-business tools and advanced technology into standard business practices. This integration would bring about more efficient and cost-effective…… [Read More]


Airguide Online (2006). North America. Airline News: Pyramid Media Group, Inc.

Retrieved on December 28, 2008 at;col1

Air Safety Week (2008). Controllers declare "staffing emergency" in Atlanta,

Chicago, New York and Southern California. Access Intelligence, LLC: Gale, Cengage
View Full Essay

Structure of the Universe From

Words: 958 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 81048350

Edmond Halley solved the case of comets which kept appearing on the sky at an approximately 76-year interval. After having analyzed the situation, Halley came up with the idea that there was only one comet which kept orbiting the earth. Consequently, the comet did appear at the approximate time that he predicted that it would show again and it is now called the Halley Comet.

Due to the fact that people did not always posses the proper equipment to learn more about earth and the universe, there had been several mistakes when regarding the appropriate measurement of distances. One of the most notable cases in which man wrongfully calculated distances is the case of Columbus, with the Genovese explorer failing from reaching Asia, which he assumed had been much closer than it actually was.

ith the coming of the 20th century, astronomy had been more popular than ever and people…… [Read More]

Works Cited

People in Astronomy." Windows to the Universe. 2000. 25 November, 2008.

The Age and Composition of the Universe." Infoplease All the knowledge you need. 2007. 25 November, 2008.

The Structure of the Universe." INAF-Astronomical Observatory of Padova. 25 November. 2008.
View Full Essay

Boeing and Globalization the Process

Words: 1583 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 72614656

" (Hill, 1)

Again, it is borne out by our understanding of globalization that larger economies must experience some form of retraction in order to become compatible with trade partners. Here, researchers have observed that "at high transport costs all countries have some manufacturing, but when transport costs fall below a critical value a core-periphery pattern spontaneously forms, and nations that find themselves in the periphery suffer a decline in real income. At still lower transport costs there is convergence of real incomes, in which peripheral nations gain and core nations may lose." (Gould, 1) for the United States and such firms as Boeing, this is a very real threat for which competition may only be engaged by reduction of costs, true competitive edge in an open and global marketplace and a core adaptability to the needs and innovations which are currently overwhelming it.

orks Cited

Bernstein, Aaron. (Dec. 6,…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Bernstein, Aaron. (Dec. 6, 2004). Shaking Up Trade Theory. Business Week. Online at

Gould, David M. (1998). Has NAFTA Changed North American Trade? Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas. Online at

Hill, S. (2008). Boeing's tanker contract protest raises questions about globalizations. Manufacturing Business Technology. Online at

Holmes, S. (2006). On a wing and a prayer at Boeing. Business Week. Online at
View Full Essay

CRM Crew Resource Management Reflects

Words: 1461 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 45520397

6). In crisis scenarios, a team holds the same objectives. Even when individual crew members have specific roles, responsibilities, and duties the entire cockpit works together as a whole. A collective response to a crisis will be better timed than a response executed by the same number of single-minded individuals. Collective action by a team ensures coordination of behaviors and effective emergency management. Teamwork also encourages crew members to throw aside interpersonal conflicts when a crisis arises and instead place the best interests of the team above personal pride. Technical expertise and years of experience cannot make up for a lack of cooperation.

Task allocation might take place on the fly, as crew members address unforeseen circumstances by assigning duties to flight crew who might not be fully prepared for them. However, task allocation is directly related to a crew member's professional title, role within the organization, and overt descriptions…… [Read More]


American Psychological Association. Making Air Travel Safer Through Crew Resource Management (CRM). Retrieved June 27, 2008 at

FAA (2004). Crew resource management training. Retrieved June 27, 2008 at$FILE/AC120-51e.pdf 

Helmreich, R.L., Merritt, a.C. & Wilhelm, J.A. (1999). The evolution of crew resource management training in commercial aviation. International Journal of Aviation Psychology, 9(1), 19-32. Retrieved June 27, 2008 at

Schultz, J. (2002). Hear What They're Saying: The Influence of Culture on Cockpit Communication. Quest. 2002, Vol. 5, Issue 1. Retrieved June 27, 2008 at
View Full Essay

Singular Events Can Have Profound

Words: 2179 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 961984

Because of the widespread stigma against homosexuality in the United States and worldwide, medical research was thwarted and the disease became virtually synonymous with homosexuality.

It would take the death of one of America's most beloved, and seemingly straight, movie stars to prove that AIDS could affect anyone (Hiller 1985). When ock Hudson died of the disease in 1985, Americans could see not only that homosexuality was normal and pervasive in society but also that AIDS was spreading more rapidly than was previously thought. The subsequent spread of the disease to straight communities also showed that AIDS was a disease transmitted primarily through sexual contact and blood transfusions; homosexuality had nothing to do with the illness whatsoever. Final hypothesis: The death of ock Hudson forced Americans to rethink homosexuality and to face the AIDS epidemic squarely.

The 1990s: The First Gulf War

The decade opened with a literal bang when…… [Read More]



About the Case." Brown v. Board of Education. Brown Foundation for Educational Equity, Excellence and Research. Retrieved Jun 14, 2008 at

Cozzens, L. (1995). Brown v. Board of Education. Early Civil Rights Struggles. Retrieved online Jun 14, 2008 at 

View Full Essay

Voluntary Reporting Systems Federal Government

Words: 2321 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 19635858

An ongoing concern at the NASA Ames esearch Center pertains to the human factors in the safety of aviation, which was considered to a great extent during the development of the ASS. The data analysts, who are principally experts in air traffic control and aircraft operations, give insight relating to the nature of human errors and other fundamental factors regarding the incidents. Even though the reports are encoded in detail, the entire narrative text of all the reports is preserved, in case they are needed for evaluation at a later stage. (Office of Technology Assessment, United States Government Printing Office, 1988)

The effectiveness with which the data is collected and stored by a program like ASS is just one part of the reporting side of the incident. More important is the potency of the feedback loop, of the reporting system, to the industry and the reporters to whom its serves.…… [Read More]


N.A. (n. d.) "ASRS: The Case for Confidential Incident Reporting Systems"

Retrieved 28 April, 2008 at 

N.A. (n. d.) "Aviation Safety Reporting System: Program Briefing"

Retrieved 28 April, 2008 at
View Full Essay

Da Vinci's Architectural and Engineering

Words: 1706 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 42141066

He was an amazing man with an amazing mind, and as current projects show, many of his designs are just as viable today as they were in the 15th century when he conceived them.


Annabell, Maxine. "Catapults and Crossbows." 2000. 15 April 2008.

Flying Machines." 2000. 15 April 2008.

Editors. "The Leonardo Bridge Project." 2008. 15 April 2008.

Gani, Martin. "Leonardo Lives on," World and I Nov. 2002: 272.

Kemp, Martin and Wallace, Marina. "The Ideal City." Universal Leonardo. 2006. 15 April 2008.

Armoured Car." Universal Leonardo. 2006. 15 April 2008.

Martin Kemp and Marina Wallace. "The Ideal City." Universal Leonardo. 2006. 15 April 2008.

Editors. "The Leonardo Bridge Project." 2008. 15 April 2008.

Martin Kemp and Marina Wallace. "Armoured Car." Universal Leonardo. 2006. 15 April 2008.

Maxine Annabell. "Catapults and Crossbows." 2000. 15 April 2008.…… [Read More]


Annabell, Maxine. "Catapults and Crossbows." 2000. 15 April 2008.  

Flying Machines." 2000. 15 April 2008.  

Editors. "The Leonardo Bridge Project." 2008. 15 April 2008.  

Gani, Martin. "Leonardo Lives on," World and I Nov. 2002: 272.
View Full Essay

Air Travel and the Environment

Words: 2763 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 56001487

Other aircrafts in the category of A380, produced in the last few years, included the A350, oeing 777, oeing 787 and the other 747's. GKN and other similarly-motivated companies have been focused on reducing harmful acoustic emissions of aircraft jet engines (Hilpern).

UK Prime Minister Tony lair endorsed the report made by economist Sir Nicholas Stern on October 30, 2006 about the global economy shrinking by 20% because of global warming (C News 2007). In his 700-page study, Stern said, however, that taking appropriate measures now would incur only 1% of the world's gross domestic product. Prime Minister lair used the scientific evidence on global warming from Stern's report to describe the phenomenon as "overwhelming" and its consequences as "disastrous." At about the same time, the United Nations released information on the rising volume of emissions of greenhouse gases, which would affect rich countries more. Among the most immediate responses…… [Read More]


BBC News (2007). Climate change fight "can't wait." 6 web pages. British Broadcasting Corporation

Hilpern, K (2005). Flying towards a greener future. 4 pages. The (London) Independent: Independent Newspapers UK Limited

Lean, G. (2006). Green taxes don't have to be a punishment. 2 pages. The Independent on Sunday: Independent Newspapers UK Limited

2000). Airlines called to account over pollution. 2 pages. The (London) Independent: Newspaper Publishing PLC
View Full Essay

Online Marketing Strategies for Lockheed-Martin

Words: 1027 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 94217244

There is an emerging set of new technologies for online marketing collectively called Web 2.0 marketing techniques and are profiled in Appendix a of this memo. These technologies allow for a much more interactive communication with customers, and while the Lockheed Martin customer base is quite conservative, the use of web services that combine multiple areas of interest to them (called Mashups in Web 2.0 vernacular) that bring insights into the company's product lines would be of significant value to both customers and prospects. In addition, the use of Real Simple Syndication (RSS) for publishing news from the company would also be very valuable for supporting online marketing strategies. The online marketing strategy also needs to include extensive use Google AdWords which can significantly increase the company's performance in that search engines' performance. Columbus (2006) specifically defines the strategies necessary for ensuring Google AdWords is a highly effective online strategy.…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Government Agency Making a Contracting

Words: 1815 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 64335739

" Further, it is held that "a material misrepresentation in the certifications (bid) generally provides a basis for rejection of the proposal or reevaluation of the award decision." Thus, it can be said that if a challenge shows a material misrepresentation in the awardee's bid, than their challenge should be upheld.

n mpresa Construzioni Geom. Domenico Garufi v. United States, 238 F.3d 1324 (U.S. App. 2001), the issue was the standard of review for decisions of contracting officers made under the Administrative Dispute Resolution Act of 1996. According to the Administrative Dispute Resolution Act of 1996, "The Court of Federal Claims and district courts shall have concurrent jurisdiction over bid protest actions, and that the courts 'shall review the agency's decision pursuant to the standards set forth in section 706 of title 5' of the APA. Accordingly, under the APA, a bid award may be set aside if the contracting…… [Read More]

In the 2004 decision of in the matter of ACS Government Services, Inc., another decision involving the challenge to the awarding of a contract to another business, Plaintiff argues that the awardee misrepresented information in their bid and that this misrepresentation materially affected the evaluation of the awardee's bid. In this case, the court upheld the challenge, stating that on review it was the review board's position to ensure that the evaluation of the parties bids was "reasonable and consistent with the terms of the solicitation." Further, it is held that "a material misrepresentation in the certifications (bid) generally provides a basis for rejection of the proposal or reevaluation of the award decision." Thus, it can be said that if a challenge shows a material misrepresentation in the awardee's bid, than their challenge should be upheld.

In Impresa Construzioni Geom. Domenico Garufi v. United States, 238 F.3d 1324 (U.S. App. 2001), the issue was the standard of review for decisions of contracting officers made under the Administrative Dispute Resolution Act of 1996. According to the Administrative Dispute Resolution Act of 1996, "The Court of Federal Claims and district courts shall have concurrent jurisdiction over bid protest actions, and that the courts 'shall review the agency's decision pursuant to the standards set forth in section 706 of title 5' of the APA. Accordingly, under the APA, a bid award may be set aside if the contracting official's decision laced a rational basis or involved a violation of regulation or a procedure. Further, under the APA, although an explanation is not required by the officer, a reviewing court may require an explanation. It is on this ground that the Court remands the decision to the lower court.

Finally, in the administrative decision of in the Matter of Savantage Financial Services, Inc. (2003), held that a business may challenge an agency decision to not provide the business with a solicitation for purchase where the decision was made pursuant to FAR 8.404(b)(3) and where the business did not appear to offer best value, as determined by the agency, based on information obtained from schedule vendors and product demonstrations. However, despite the ability to challenge such indirect pre-solicitation decisions, the review board further ruled that such practice was reasonable under the standard of review laid out in the above-mentioned court and administrative decisions.
View Full Essay

Physics - Mission to Mars

Words: 1503 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 80196126


The Mars exploration program announced by President Bush in 2004 relies on first establishing a prolonged human presence on the Moon, in conjunction with completion of the International Space Station by 2015. The President envisions returning to the Moon by 2020 at the latest, for the purpose of being able to launch robotic missions to Mars (Whitehouse, 2004). According to the American Physical Society and many independent scientists, the President's goal overvalues the symbolic significance of landing on Mars at the expense of research that is more immediately beneficial to human society, and a more prudent financial expenditure (APS, 2004). This is a view with which I am inclined to agree.


Abbate, M. (1992) Blueprint for Space: Science Fiction to Science Fact.

Smithsonian Institution Press: London

American Physical Society. (2004) Panel on Public Affairs, Nov./04

The Moon-Mars Program.

Engelbert, P., Dupuis, D. (1998) the Handy Space Answer Book.…… [Read More]


Abbate, M. (1992) Blueprint for Space: Science Fiction to Science Fact.

Smithsonian Institution Press: London

American Physical Society. (2004) Panel on Public Affairs, Nov./04

The Moon-Mars Program.
View Full Essay

Amateur Radio Has Long Been

Words: 3486 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 77619865

According to AISS such contacts provide young people with the opportunity to understand how amateur radio operates, and to enlarge their awareness in communications technology (International Space Station eference).

In addition, using amateur radio in the classroom is also appealing because the FCC has altered some of the licensing guidelines to make it easier for teachers to get the license needed to supervise various amateur radio activities in the classroom (Amateur radio education and technology program). Amateur radio also serves the purpose of teaching students skills associated with wireless communications that will be valuable to them in the workforce. The association also asserts that amateur radio can be used in the classroom to promote lifelong learning (Amateur radio education and technology program).

A report entitled "Amateur adio -- a Powerful Voice in Education" explains the education and technology program. According to this report the program began in 2000 with two…… [Read More]


Amateur Radio -- a Powerful Voice in Education. (2002). Retrieved July 20, 2007 at

Amateur radio education and technology program). Retrieved July 20, 2007 at

Bray, J. (1995). The Telecommunication Pioneers from Morse to the Information Superhighway.. New York: Plenum Press.

EMERGING TECHNOLOGIES: Wireless Networks. (2002). Language, Learning & Technology, 6(1), 6.
View Full Essay

Global Warming Is a Crisis

Words: 1586 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 26340434

Given the natural changes in atmosphere, to determine which problems are created by man and which parts by natural occurrences is problematic (Climate 2).

Greenhouse gas concentrations caused by additional land coverage and land use, pouring into the Earth's atmosphere will certainly continue to create additional warming of the Earth's temperatures, raising the average temperature, changing precipitation and storm patterns, as well as raising seal levels from melting glaciers. However, the U.S. Strategic Plan is to stabilize greenhouse gas concentrations at any atmospheric level, implying that net emissions of greehouse gases will need to slow and eventually stop, hopefully reversing the effect, so that greenhouse gas emision will "approach levels that are low or near zero." (Climate 3).

Meanwhile, making small changes in individual homes and yards can create big reductions of greenhouse gas emissions and save money. Changing the kind of light bulbs used, using energy-saving appliances, maintaining heating…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Climate Change -- Science. United States Environmental Protection Agency. December 21st, 2006.

Correspondents in London "Asia in spotlight over global warming" the Australian. April 25, 2007.

National Research Council (NRC), Climate Change Science: An Analysis of Some Key Questions. National Academy Press, Washington, DC. 2006.

Talhelm, Jennifer. "McCain warns of twin threats of energy dependence, global warming." Associated Press. 11:12 A.M. April 23, 2007.
View Full Essay

Big Business George Stigler the

Words: 1218 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 51583737

S. manufactures lost a considerable share of the market to foreign manufacturers.

George Stigler developed the economic theory of regulation in the late 1960s, arguing that, instead of regulation being imposed on industries in genuine democratic efforts to protect consumers, big businesses seek out government regulation in an effort to gain monopoly or cartel powers they cannot obtain by market methods (Edwards, 2002). Historically, big businesses have been responsible for creating most government regulatory agencies that will benefits their interests (artlett, 2002). Regulation helps erect barriers to entry for smaller businesses because it serves as an overhead cost that big businesses can more easily absorb than smaller businesses with less revenue. For example, the Federal Communications Commission makes it difficult to get into the radio, television, or telecommunications business and the Food and Drug Administration limits the pharmaceutical industry to a few big businesses that can afford the prohibitive cost…… [Read More]


Alden, L. Competition and market power. 

Bartlett, B. (2002, March 27). The Enron template. Natioal Review.

Corporations in the United Stats. U.S. Department of State.

Edwards, J.R. (2002, March). Do big corporations control America? The Freeman: Ideas on Liberty. Vol 52, No. 3.
View Full Essay

Sputnik & Cold War the

Words: 1236 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 59900155

It is in this context that the U.S. felt Soviet Union as a threat, since improved and increased production of space technology meant that there is also a corresponding increase in the capacity of the country to defend itself militarily. This threat was verbalized by the U.S., wherein containment of Communist nations such as Soviet Union was necessary because "...the Soviet Union has acquired awesome military capabilities" (Mueller, 2004:621).

The unprecedented and initial launching of Sputnik I, which served as the catalyst for the space race between Soviet Union and the U.S., compelled the latter to create alliances to support its military activities in Eastern Europe and Asia. In light of the expanding scope of the Communist ideology in both regions, U.S. deemed it wise to create a strong alliance with another Western country, Great ritain. Prior to the threat of communism, Soviet Union, U.S., and Great ritain were considered…… [Read More]


Martel, W. And T. Yoshihara. (2003). "Averting a Sino-U.S. Space Race." The Washington Quarterly, Vol. 26, No. 4.

Mueller, J. (2004). "What was the Cold War about? Evidence from its ending." Political Science Quarterly, Vol. 119, No. 4.

Ronis, S. (2004). "Transformational recapitalization: rethinking USAF aircraft procurement philosophies." Defense at&L.
View Full Essay

Frisbee History and Development of

Words: 1022 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 43668601

Three authors note, "Pete and his team have designed a device that can fling a nanosat [mini-satellite] off the back of its host rocket. 'It's a lot like throwing a Frisbee,' he explains" (Fisher, Phillips, and Schugart). Thus, the Frisbee technology may reach outer space in ways the inventors never could have imagined.

Today, the Frisbee is one of the most common toys around the world. You can see it used in dog agility championships, at the beach or park, and in many competitive Frisbee tournaments, including Frisbee Golf, Frisbee Baseball, and many others. Many people consider Fred Headrick to be the father of modern Frisbee competition. Headrick took over as Vice President of Sales at Wham-O in 1964, and he changed the design of the disc just a bit by adding "flight rings" along the shoulder of a new Frisbee Pro-model disc. These grooves gave the thrower more control…… [Read More]


Bellis, Mary. "The History of the Frisbee." 1998. 2 Feb. 2007. 

Editors. "The Frisbee." The K-8 Aeronautics Internet Textbook. 1997. 2 Feb. 2007.

Fisher, Diane, Tony Phillips, and Gene Schugart. "Launch a Frisbee into Orbit!." The Technology Teacher 62.7 (2003): 10+.

Jedlowski, Jill. "Learn Frisbee Tips for You and Pup." Daily Herald (Arlington Heights, IL) 27 Apr. 2006: 2.
View Full Essay

Service Operations Management Report Mccarran

Words: 2781 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 20051100

While this paper focuses on process-centric improvements to McCarran, the research completed for this paper highlights the critical need for an all-encompassing IT architecture that allows for data to support both processes as thoroughly as possible.

Figure 3: Combining the Check-in and retailing processes for greater efficiency

Luggage and Baggage Process Improvements

Another major area of process improvement McCarran needed to focus on was luggage and baggage handling. The airport had been losing between 10% to 30% of all bags, leading to high levels of customer dissatisfaction and many manual processes attempting to compensate for the confusion around this broken process. Relying on Radio Frequency Identification Devices (RFID) McCarran piloted several programs for baggage tagging, management and retrieval using the RFID standard. In the retail industry, Wal-Mart has been a pioneer in establishing higher levels of performance in logistics and supply chain performance using RFID, and McCarran's many efforts have…… [Read More]

Joustra & Dijik (2001) - Paul E. Joustra and Nico M. Van Dijk. SIMULATION OF CHECK-IN AT AIRPORTS. Presented Proceedings of the 2001 Winter Simulation Conference B.A. Peters, J.S. Smith, D.J. Medeiros, and M.W. Rohrer, eds.

Liu and Wang (2006) - Integrated RFID Data Modeling: An Approach for Querying Physical Objects in Pervasive Computing IBM Silicon Valley Lab and Siemens Corporate Research Princeton, NJ, USA CIKM'06, November 5-11, 2006, Arlington, Virginia, USA.

Study in Contrasts (2006) - A Study in Contrasts: The Evolving SOA Strategies of IBM And Microsoft Thursday, October 05, 2006: Dennis Gaughan. AMR Research. Article.
View Full Essay

Satellite Imagery Has Recorded Rainfall

Words: 1794 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 75958886

The determination was that energy absorption into the clouds and the production of forestation varied by the year. The conclusion was that the rainforests in the Amazon are sensitive to El Nino and the plants that grew, producing carbon flux varied as much as 21% and 18%. (2000 American Geophysical Union) (Koren 1342).

Information obtained via satellite is shared with environmental protection agencies. Created by a Stanford scientist to study the depletion of the Amazon rainforest, this method of satellite detection of aerosols could help fight against illegal logging (ang 2004).

Thus the satellites have a large affect on the rain forests and could have more in the future, in determining how much water will be needed, how the land may be saved from deforestation, how water affects the phenology (plant life) of the forests, and whether there will be enough rainfall for the forest to survive.

orks Cited

Asner,…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Asner, G.P., Townsend, a.R. And Brasswell, B.H. "Satellite observation of El Nino effects on Amazon forest phenomenology and productivity" American Geophysical Union. 1974.

Earth Observatory." NASA News Archive, September 13, 2005.

EUMETSAT Services Overview, 2006. Website found at

Kidder, Stanley Q. And Vonder Haar, Thomas H. Satellite Meteorology: An Introduction. San Diego: Academic Press. 1995
View Full Essay

How American Corporations Harnessed the Media to Further Their Goals Between 1890 and 1940

Words: 1850 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 36473651

American Corporations and the Media, 1890-1940

American corporations have never been reticent to use available media to reach their goals, and in the years between 1890 and 1940, there are impressive examples of how U.S. corporate interests have utilized various media to realize additional profit and power -- sometimes employing unorthodox and unethical methods. This paper delves into instances of corporate use of media, and points to the dynamics that allowed those associations to flourish.

"Today's critics of media conglomerates fail to grasp the reality that corporate power, in league with the state, [has] made a mockery of prospects for a democratic global media system… [and it's vital to recognize that] the U.S. radio industry subsequently followed a similar pattern of monopolization in the 1920s…" (Peterson, 2004, p. 86).

Author James Schwoch points to the fact that the American radio industry had a profound impact on Latin American activities between…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Belrose, John S. (1994). Fessenden and the Early History of Radio Science. The Radioscientist,

5(3), 1-19.

Forrest, Wilbur. (1925). Political Notes: Ford Speaks. Time Magazine. Retrieved June 17,

2011, from,8816,720534,00.html.
View Full Essay

My Teaching Philosophy in a College Aviation Department

Words: 920 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 18226551

Teaching Philosophy in a College Aviation Department

The choice of one's profession may come about in various ways for different people. There are those who have dreamt of their professions since childhood and worked hard at achieving their dreams. Others though did not arrive at the decision until they reach college and practiced what they have studied for thereafter. Still there are those who never imagined being in a profession they are at but ended up doing so for one reason or another and excelled in the field. Then there are people who have the enviable position of being able to be who they want to be and at the same time have the chance of imparting the knowledge and wisdom they have with the profession they have been practicing. For my part, I can say that I fall in the category of being able to have the profession I…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Curtiss Wright the Beginning of a New Era

Words: 2956 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 40017652


"Curtiss - Wright: The Start of a New Era"

The Wright rothers historic flight of December 17, 1903, is the stuff legends are made of. Although there had been many others who attempted flight and flew aircrafts before them, like their mentor and predecessor Samuel Pierpont Langley, Wilbur and Orville Wright were considered pioneers in the "art of flying" (McIntyre, 1994). Langley was famous for the flight of the "Aeorodrome" that plunged into the Potomac River just days before the Wright rothers successful flight in 1903. He bore the wrath of Congressman who were upset because of the $50,000 loss of tax payer dollars that had been utilized to finance the flight.

ecause of the Wright rothers 'pioneer status' they were afforded "broad interpretations of their patents from the U.S. courts" (McIntyre, 1994). As such, the brothers held a virtually monopoly on human flight, and the brothers found themselves…… [Read More]


Bakewell, P. (2010). On pioneering wings in France, Southwest Review, 95(3), 479-500.

Boyne, W. (2003). Curtiss built well but not too wisely with its XP-31 Swift, a sleek looking but overweight fighter, Aviation History, 13(6), 10-14.

House, K. (2009). Into the air, Aviation History, 19(6), 46-51.

McIntyre, D. (1994). Odyssey of the flyer, American History Illustrated, 28(6).
View Full Essay

Human Factors Affecting Safe Operation

Words: 4150 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 31803709

Table 5: Summary of the Findings of Survey Question 1, 2 and 3


Survey Questions


Standard Deviation

% of Important

% Not important

% Not Sure


Graduate from Undergraduate Pilot Training (UPT







Pilot should be Under 40 years old







Having Minimum of 100 Flying Hours







Mean %



Mean Difference


Fig 5: Bar Chart Comparing esponses of Survey 1, 2 and 3

Based on the findings in the Fig 5, it is revealed that the second survey, which indicates that a Pilot should be under 40 years to demonstrate the effective aviation safety, supports the first null hypothesis and rejects the first alternative hypothesis. From the bar graph in Fig 5, 66.72% of the respondents agree that to be fewer than 40 is not important to demonstrate…… [Read More]


Alexander, P.J. (2007). The impact of computer technology in the clinical setting: a nursing perspective. [Thesis _PhD/Research).

Correa, M.A. Camargo, J.B. Gimenes, R.A.V. et al. (2007). Integrating UAV Into Control Airl Space Using Cooperative Multiagent Negotiation, Journal of the Brazilian air Transportation Research Safety.3(1): 24-36.

Dixon, S. & Wickens.C.D. (2003). Imperfect Automation in Unmanned Aerial Vehicle Flight Control. Technical Report. Aviation Human Factors Division Institute of Aviation.

Hou, M. Kobierski, R.D. & Brown, M.(2007). Intelligent Adaptive Interfaces for the Control of Multiple UAVs. Journal of Cognitive Engineering and Decision Making.1(3): 327 -- 362.