Accounting Information Systems Essays (Examples)

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Accounting Information System for Harmonization

Words: 569 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 904747

This model could then be customized for the needs of the different companies.

Sankaran and AlHashim (2006) make a compelling case regarding the need for harmonized accounting standards and practices. In addition to the globalized economy, they also rightly point to the benefits of such harmonization for corporations - including a greater ability to keep track of expenses and a better way of reconciling different accounting practices in its branches worldwide. Furthermore, Sankaran and AlHashim (2006) also allay fears that harmonization is equivalent to imposing only one accounting system around the world. Instead, they highlight the need for commonality, for a web-based accounting system that lends itself to different accounting practices.

The paper makes a strong argument, and the data regarding the need for a harmonized accounting system is compelling. hile this article may present a challenge for readers unfamiliar with basic programming language, the inclusion of a generic algorithm…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Sankaran, Siva and Dhia D. AlHashim. 2006. "An Accounting Information System for Harmonization."

Journal of American Academy of Business, Cambridge. 9(2): September.
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Accounting Information System Greater Providence

Words: 650 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 49984113

This would immediately flag the loans going outside their own bank and also provide greater insights into how customers were using funds over time. Another approach is to incent auditors to find fraud and embezzlement and make it widely known in the bank that anyone finding illegal practices would receive a reward up to 20% of the error found. Auditors, who are traditionally not paid that much, would work overtime looking for fraud, hoping to earn 20% of the fraud found, thereby drastically reducing the threat. While this may appear expensive, without this strategy a bank could go for years, losing millions of dollars, if no action was taken.

In the case study, it is apparent that Greater Providence Deposit and Trust auditors were not organized or incented in their job design and rewards to actively seek out embezzlement and fraud. This is a major limitation in the design and…… [Read More]


Kristy Holtfreter, Kevin M. Beaver, Michael D. Reisig, & Travis C. Pratt. (2010). Low self-control and fraud offending. Journal of Financial Crime, 17(3), 295-307.

Eelco R. Van Wijk, & Timothy R. Holmes. (2007). Fraud in the Audit Department. The Internal Auditor, 64(2), 83-85,8.

Joseph T. Wells. (1998). An unholy trinity. The Internal Auditor, 55(2), 28-33.
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Set Up Accounting Information System for New Company

Words: 1544 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 95114127

Accounting System

Accounting Information System

The following plan details the business areas and services to be provided for a growing homeowners' association by a certified accounting firm. The large growth in size of the association is cited as a need for this contracting with the accounting firm, and the specific business areas in need of servicing are identified as billing, collections, payments, reporting, taxes, and miscellaneous advisory duties. Input, output, and control requirements are listed in brief for each business area, with reference to current scholarly and regulatory/advisory information to ensure consistency and conformity with accounting standards. Automation of accounting processes is a major focus of the service provision, and levels of automation are fully discussed, with the decision to build an in-house automation system and certain automation challenges discussed.


The homeowner's association is facing a problem of a major increase in the amount of accounting work it will…… [Read More]


AICPA. (20110. AICPA Publishes New Attest Guidance for Reporting on Controls at a Service Organization. Accessed 30 October 2011.

COSO. (2009). Guidance on Monitoring Internal Control Systems. Durham, NC: COSO.

Kruck, S. (2011). The emergence of accounting information systems programs. Accessed 30 October 2011.

Romney, M. & Steinbart, P. (2011). Accounting Information Systems. New York: Prentice Hall.
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Improving Transactional Processing in Accounting Information System AIS

Words: 1909 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 36569787

Accounting Information System

Improving Transactional Processing in Accounting Information System (AIS)

Propose two (2) innovative technology changes that would be appropriate for a firm's:

evenue (sales to cash collection) cycle

evenue cycle represents the description of the financial progression of a business entity in relation to the accounts receivable from the point of acquisition of products to the stage when the company or business organization receives full payment for the products (omney, 2012). One of the innovative technological changes that can transform the revenue cycle is leverage technology. This technology would allow the company or business entity to adopt appropriate way of providing crucial information to essential parties in relation to consumers or market audience. Application or adoption of this technology would allow the company to maximize consumer relationships and production or profit levels. The other innovative technological change is automation of the management systems of the firm or organization.…… [Read More]


Dolgui, A., & Proth, J.-M. (2010). Supply chain engineering: Useful methods and techniques. London: Springer.

Hall, J.A. (2011). Accounting information systems. Mason, OH: South-Western Cengage Learning.

Langevin, A., & Riopel, D. (2005). Logistics systems: Design and optimization. New York, NY: Springer Science+Business Media.

Romney, M.B., & Steinbart, P.J. (2012). Accounting information systems. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall.
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Ethical Issue in Accounting Information System

Words: 796 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 41366500

Ethical Issues in AIS

Ethical Issues in Accounting Information Systems

This essay examines ethical issues in accounting information systems as presented in the case of DHB Industries. Now known as Point Blank Solutions, the company, which supplied body armor to the U.S. military and law enforcement agencies, was charged by the SEC on March 1, 2011 for engaging in "massive accounting fraud" (SEC, 2011). The agency filed separate charges against three of the company's former outside directors and audit committee members for their complicity in the fraud.

According to the SEC, DHB Industries engaged in "pervasive accounting and disclosure fraud through its senior officers" (2011), along with misappropriating company assets to the personal benefit of the company's former CEO. Their accounting and disclosure fraud resulted in the company's filing "materially false and misleading periodic reports to investors" (2011). The SEC charged that the company's senior management manipulated the company's reported…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Cohn, M. (2011, November 10). Body armor execs settle accounting fraud charges. Accounting Today for the Web CPA. Retrieved January 13, 2012 from: 

Gantt, K., Generas, G., & Lamberton, B. (2007, September). Sarbanes-Oxley, accounting scandals, and state accountancy boards. The CPA Journal online. Retrieved January 13, 2012 from:

Norris, F. (2011, March 3). For boards, S.E.C. keeps the bar low. New York Times website. Retrieved January 13, 2012 from:

Securities and Exchange Commission. (2011, February 28). SEC charges military body armor supplier and former outside directors with accounting fraud. Retrieved January 13, 2012 from:
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Control and the Accounting Information System

Words: 625 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 60807665

Control and the AIS

Control and the Accounting Information System

This paper discusses the process of integrating controls into the accounting information system (AIS) using enterprise risk management (EM) components. EM is defined as "a process, effected by an entity's board of directors, management and other personnel, applied in strategy setting and across the enterprise, designed to identify potential events that may affect the entity, and manage risk to be within its risk appetite, to provide reasonable assurance regarding the achievement of entity objectives." (Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission, COSO, 2004, p.2).

According to COSO, EM encompasses:

Aligning risk appetite and strategy

Enhancing risk response decisions

educing operational surprises and losses

Identifying and managing multiple and cross-enterprise risks

Seizing opportunities

Improving deployment of capital (COSO, 2004, p. 7).

EM integrates concepts of internal control and the Sarbanes-Oxley Act. Internal controls of accounting systems are intended to protect…… [Read More]

Reference List

Enterprise Risk Management Framework. (2010). Retrieved on April 6, 2011 from

Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission. (2010). Enterprise Risk Management -- Integrated Framework Executive Summary . Retrieved on April 6, 2011 from 

Karimi, Sabah. (2011). About Internal Controls of Accounting.

Sarbanes-Oxley Essential Information. (2006). SOX-Online.
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Accounting Information a Senior Executive in a

Words: 580 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 7128783

Accounting Information

A senior executive in a Fortune 500 firm along with their colleagues on the company's management team are dependent on accurate, timely, and pertinent financial information regarding the health of the organization. Accounting information has aptly been described as "the language of business, which is used in the management, planning, control, and decision- making processes integral to achieving organizational objectives" (Marshall, D. & McManus, W. 1996). In this regard accounting information falls into distinct categories: financial and managerial accounting; yet with considerable overlap in their utilization by management. Explication of these accounting areas provides considerable insight into their utility in providing effective quantitative data for analysis.

Financial and Managerial Accounting

Financial accounting concerns itself with the "preparation and reporting of financial statements for an entity" (Marshall, D. & McManus, W. 1996); while managerial accounting "is concerned with providing information to managers- that is, to those who are inside…… [Read More]

Likewise, managerial accounting also utilizes financial data to reach conclusions as to how the company is operating and what if any corrections are necessary to enhance profitability. In this vein managerial accounting concerns itself with the analysis of costs, budgeting, performance, and capital expenditures. Managerial accounting information is highly detailed and provides a platform from which to judge the company's revenue creation and its cost controls. As examples, an executive management team might take considerable time analyzing activity based-costing; a "system identifying the activity that causes the incurrence of a cost" (Marshall, D. & McManus, W. 1996). This data could lead to a discussion on the company's operating leverage based on their orientation of fixed or variable costs. While both financial and managerial accounting provides detailed data concerning company performance, managerial accounting has a distinctive narrowness to its scope of focus.

Communication of Information

With volumes of financial information generated by a Fortune 500 firm's accounting department, the question becomes how
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Accounting Information for Decision-Making

Words: 2585 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 97908272

Accounting Information for Decision Making

Corporate Confirming on Water isk (Feb 2010) indicates that the Global Confirming Initiative (GI) G3 Guidelines' five water-related indications (total withdrawal volume by source, ponds considerably impacted by distributions, percentage and total amount of water recycled and used again, total water discharge by quality and destination, and identification water physiques and related habitats impacted by discharges) make the perfect beginning point for assessing and confirming water risks. Within this section, we'll briefly discuss the relevance of all these standards (Power, 2010).

Total water withdrawal by source

Confirming the entire amount of water withdrawn by source adds for knowledge of the general scale of possible influences and threats connected using the company's water use. The entire volume withdrawn offers an indication from the organization's proper size and significance as a user of water and offers to set up a baseline figure for other information relevant to…… [Read More]


Task 1:

GRI, (Global Reporting Initiative). (2006) Sustainability Reporting Guidelines. Version 3.0, Accessed on September 27, 2012 from:

Power, G. Paddling Upstream - Approaches to Corporate Water Reporting. Business and the Environment, 21. 6 (Jun 2010): 1-3.

Task 2:
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Information System Management Zackman's Approach

Words: 1959 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 75801560

Ideally, Zachman thinking pattern has been challenged by time and fails to address challenges in a real-time basis collectively. Such a basis would agree that a superior usage of technology is not near-change mechanism. Zachman argues that a communication breakdown exists in the organization (by that time) because it handled the frameworks differently. This was not in line with the requirements of a desirable organization. Further to this, communication channels inside the organization have improved and not according to Zachman's times in the 21st century. While responding to Zachman, it is good to establish whether the current approach (data modeling / and hybridism for large calls and the superior application of technology) is satisfying (Bowman, Godfrey, & Holt, 2000).

As a result, future studies should apply the future design system that will integrate Zachman's ideas into real time environment whilst acknowledging the impetus behind data modeling. The following research questions…… [Read More]


Bigot, L.L., Jamet, E., Rouet, J., & Amiel, V. (2006). Mode and modal transfer effects on Performance and discourse organization with an information retrieval dialogue system in natural language. Computers in Human Behavior, 22(3), 467-500.

Bowman, I., Godfrey, M., & Holt, R. (2000). Connecting architecture reconstruction frameworks. Information and Software Technology, 42(2), 91-102

Huysman, M. (2000). Rethinking organizational learning: analyzing learning processes of information system designers. Accounting, Management and Information Technologies, 10(2), 81-99

Raeesi, M., & Sadeghi-Niaraki, A. (2013). Gis-Based System For Post-Earthquake Crisis Management Using Cellular Network. ISPRS - International Archives of the Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing and Spatial Information Sciences, XL-1/W3, 321-325.
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Information System Management System Description

Words: 888 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 39276073

EP systems are designed to provide this level of integration to enable process-centric workflows throughout companies (Kamhawi, 2008). In terms of data, EP systems deal with a multitude of different types, from supplier- and product-specific data to pricing and customer-based data in terms of orders and the status of shipments to customers. The most fundamental aspect of an EP system is its contribution in streamlining the distributed order management process (Walker, 2008). In terms of the network, EP systems often sit in the middle of company-wide internal networks that seek to integrate all legacy and 3rd party systems together and create a single system of record (Walker, 2008) for the company. The network topology is often in the form of a series of smaller clusters or "islands" of data and systems that the EP system is meant to integrate to and unify.

Section 3 - Write a summary to show…… [Read More]


Shih-Wei Chou, Yu-Chieh Chang. (2008). The implementation factors that influence the ERP (enterprise resource planning) benefits. Decision Support Systems, 46(1), 149. Retrieved March 1, 2009, from ABI/INFORM Global database. (Document ID: 1603626971).

Emad M. Kamhawi. (2008). System Characteristics, Perceived Benefits, Individual Differences and Use Intentions: a Survey of Decision Support Tools of ERP Systems. Information Resources Management Journal, 21(4), 66-83. Retrieved February 27, 2009, from ABI/INFORM Global database. (Document ID: 1570039261).

Kenton B. Walker. (2008). SOX, ERP, and BPM: A Trifecta That Can Make Your Business Run Better. Strategic Finance, 90(6), 47-53. Retrieved March 1, 2009, from ABI/INFORM Global database. (Document ID: 1607404201).
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Information System Management-Cloud Computing Web

Words: 648 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 98498333

0 are used in organizations to provide an access to high levels of the scale without an enormous costs of traditional infrastructure. Both increase performance given that the clients who are the organizations have data centers across the globe that keeps the processing reasonably close to accessing it over the network. Organizations use cloud computing and web 2.0 to strategically cut the cost of driving innovation and to be ready for the prime-time use in the enterprise environments (O'eilly, 2008).

Technologies required for web cloud computing and Web 2.0

The technologies required for the development of web 2.0 includes Ajax and JavaScript such as prototype. The Ajax programming normally uses the JavaScript in uploading and downloading the new data stored in the web server without reloading now and then. The interaction between users within the page is enabled by the communication taking place between the data requests that goes to…… [Read More]


Tim O'Reilly (2008). Web 2.0 and Cloud Computing - O'Reilly Radar. O'Reilly Radar - Insight, analysis, and research about emerging technologies. Retrieved March 17, 2013, from
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What Information System Holds in Accounting Industry's Future

Words: 7679 Length: 20 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 50658433

Information System holds in Accounting Industry's future?

Looking through the glass and estimating what the future holds for any individual or profession is always a difficult exercise as the trends in any business or profession may change and so the path of development. It is better to look at the experience of some companies whose systems have changed over the past few years and thus try to estimate what is likely to happen.

There are many changes that have come to the world through the development of Information Technology and Computers. All the changes have come over a relatively short period of twenty years, and in many cases both industry and concerned humans are yet to adjust to the changes. There are many changes which have come in the accounting industry also, and those changes give an idea of what is likely to happen in the future.

The organization where…… [Read More]


Anders, Susan B. (February, 2005) "Website of the Month: Legalbitstream" The CPA Journal.

Retrieved from Accessed on 12 July, 2005

Anders, Susan B. (July, 2005) "Website of the Month: Kaplan CPA Review" The CPA Journal.

Retrieved from Accessed on 12 July, 2005
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Information Systems and Its Effects on Business

Words: 2058 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 75689548

information systems and its effects on business processes. Moreover, I have explained the several business components and their effectiveness as information systems. In addition, I have provided information regarding the effects of information systems on various business careers.

Information systems have brought revolutions and innovations in today's business' setups and also have developed a close relationship with globalization. The responsibility of these information systems in an organization is not to support the tasks of the individuals but to support business functions as a whole. Nowadays, business operations are conducted by using e-mail, online conferences (video/audio) and cell phones which have turned out to be the most fundamental tools in business execution. Information systems, if truth be told, are the basis of accelerating supply chains. The businesses today have the advantage of using internet for purchasing, selling, advertising and imploring the feedbacks from consumers/customers online. It is now the purpose of…… [Read More]


Alter, S. (2002). Information Systems: Foundation of E-Business, 4/e (4th ed.). New Delhi, India: Dorling Kindersley (India) Pvt. Ltd. Retrieved February 15, 2013, from

Chatterjee, I. (2010). Management Information Systems. Delhi, India: PHI Learning Private Limited. Retrieved February 15, 2013, from

Laudon, K., Laudon, J., & Dass, R. (2010). Management Information Systems: Managing the Digital Firm (11th ed.). Chennai: Dorling Kindersley (India) Pvt. Ltd. Retrieved February 15, 2013, from,+11/E&hl=en&sa=X&ei=KM0dUcjxNOW00QXAtIH4Bg&ved=0CC0Q6AEwAA

Lucey, T. (2005). Management Information System (9th ed.). Croatia: Thomson Learning. Retrieved February 15, 2013, from
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Information Systems Over the Last Century Synchronizing

Words: 2187 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 62790446

Information Systems over the Last Century:

Synchronizing and Streamlining Transportation and Logistics Systems

The pace of change and its complexity continues to drastically redefine entire industries, with those reliant on supply chains, logistics and transportation services seeing the greatest benefits and risks. Globalization is also re-shaping industries the fastest who rely on transportation as a key part of their value chains. United Parcel Service is a company that is representative of the pace and complexity of change that has occurred in business processes, strategies, and information systems over the last one hundred years. UPS was founded in 1907 in Seattle, Washington by Jim Casey, and today is one of the leading transportations services companies globally. The intent of this analysis is to explain the differences between business information systems and methods widely used in 1910 and how they compare to the common enterprise-wide systems and methods of today. The telephone,…… [Read More]


Nabil Alghalith. (2005). Competing with IT: The UPS Case. Journal of American Academy of Business, Cambridge, 7(2), 7-15.

Ata, B., & Van Mieghem, J. (2009). The Value of Partial Resource Pooling: Should a Service Network Be Integrated or Product-Focused? Management Science, 55(1), 115-131.

Barrett, J.. (2007, November). Demand-Driven is an Operational Strategy. Industrial Management, 49(6), 14-19,5.

Das, K.. (2011). Integrating effective flexibility measures into a strategic supply chain planning model. European Journal of Operational Research, 211(1), 170.
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Information Systems for a Nostalgic Record Store

Words: 834 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 96807768

Information Systems for a Nostalgic ecord Store

Benefits and Drawbacks of Information Systems

Comparison of Five Systems' Cost and Benefits

Launching a new record store that concentrates on nostalgic music can potentially be lucrative as many music fans like to listen to their favorite musicians and artists who may not be played on popular radio today. For a small brick -- and mortar music store specializing in nostalgic music, it is recommended that a series of five systems be considered for managing the business. These five systems include the following:

Accounting System

CM system

E-Commerce Website and supporting system

Point-Of-Sales System

Pricing and Merchandise Management System

The benefits and drawback of each of these systems id briefly described in this paper.

Benefits and Drawbacks of Information Systems

Each of the systems that the record store needs in order to operate profitably are defined in this section along with their benefits…… [Read More]


Sarapovas, T., & Cvilikas, A. (2008). The evaluation of e-commerce impact on business efficiency. Baltic Journal of Management, 3(1), 71-91.

Wichmann, H. (1983). Accounting and marketing - key small business problems. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, 7(4), 19-19.
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Information System Recovery in the

Words: 1398 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 5543019

4). The strength associated with this approach is ensuring that an organization has access to its mission-critical data in the event of a disaster, with the concomitant weakness being the relatively modest costs involved.

The next step in developing the organization's information system recover plan is to take stock of existing hardware. As Cohen emphasizes, "If you have been hosting your company's Web site on an office computer, it is time to stop. For the cost of a cup of coffee per day, a Web-hosting center can fully protect your site off-site, where it will not tie up your company's bandwidth" (p. 3). This approach to maintaining important contacts with customers and an organization's intranet has several strengths over an organization's hosting the Web site in-house. For instance, eagan (2006) notes that, "A hosted solution provides an organization with the flexibility of deploying an IP-enabled system without the maintenance costs…… [Read More]


Cohen, B. (2004, November 17). Data recovery planning -- What you need to know. [Online]. Available: http://www.smallbusiness

Reagan, C. (2006, February). Using VOIP to recover telecommunications services: A new generation of disaster recovery processes and telecom systems can help your enterprise deal with a crisis. Business Communications Review, 36(2), 60-61.
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Information System and Business Management

Words: 13763 Length: 50 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 15593

Creating Organizational Value through the Integration of Information Technology: A Management Perspective

Change Management and the Construction of a eceptive Organization

Transformational and Participative Leadership

A Decentralized Organizational Culture

Effective Utilization of esources


Performance Monitoring Systems

isk Management and Support Strategies

When considering the ever-changing and highly competitive global landscape of business today, firms must stay at the cutting edge of their respective fields in order to sustain profitability in the long-term. With the current exponential growth of technology and the computerization of business and learning, consumers and investors have become much more connected to the businesses they patronize (Kurzweil, 2001). Accordingly, companies are faced with the continuous task of finding new ways to understand and subsequently accommodate the needs of those customers and shareholders, while simultaneously securing lucrative business models and job environments. In doing so, businesses must be able to efficiently integrate and utilize various sources of…… [Read More]


Aladwani, A.M. (2001). Change Management Strategies for Successful ERP Implementation. Business Process Management Journal, 7 (3), 266-275.

Anthony, S. (2010, May). Three Critical Innovation Lessons from Apple. Retrieved July 26, 2011, from

Antonelli, C. (2000). Collective Knowledge Communication and Innovation: The Evidence of Technological Districts. Regional Studies, 34 (6), 535-547.

Ashkenas, R., Ulrich, D., Jick, T., & Bossidy, L. (2002). The Boundaryless Organization: Breaking the Chains of Organization Structure. United States: John Wiley and Sons.
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Business Information System

Words: 842 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 85118199



Computerized Business information systems refer to set of integrated business applications that help organizations manage their inventory, financial and customer data in an efficient manner. These applications can vary from company to company but mostly focus on quick and easy access and exchange of information between concerned parties or departments. For example of the Finance departments wants to share last year financial record with research department, it would take a long time to email all files and therefore it is best to have a central system that can be accessed by all employees who have access permission. This helps in streamlining information and company data in a less time-consuming manner.

While large organizations can afford to have all kind of IT applications installed, small businesses usually have to make a conscious effort to keep cost down when choosing CBIS because they have allocated limited funds…… [Read More]


Eileen Brill Wagner Small businesses leveraging technology The Business Journal
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Business - Information Systems This

Words: 431 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 48360099

The basic objectives of Information Systems in the future will be to focus on the design, construction and use of internal software and computer systems so as to increase the company's output from their people and technology. The internet has allowed IS to refocus its attention to what they historically have done best. When IS was focused on the needs of external systems development, they more than often were less than ideal so they did not facilitate optimum system implementations. The internet has reduced the need to focus on external program implementation and therefore internal processes benefit.

In conclusion, this report aimed to come back with an answer to the question of why so many Enterprise esource Planning projects fail and to focus on how the Internet has provided an opportunity to have businesses focus on the development of their internal applications.


Koch, Christopher. "The ABC's of EP." CIO…… [Read More]


Koch, Christopher. "The ABC's of ERP." CIO (2005): Retrieved on 18 March 2005, from

Ross, Jeanne w. And Weill, Peter, "Six it Decisions Your it People Should Not Make" Harvard Business Review, Nov 2002, vol. 80 issue 11, p84, 8p.

Bus Tech
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Accounting Systems Assessing the Current and Future

Words: 1344 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 64927331

Accounting Systems

Assessing the Current and Future State of The lifeblood of any business is the revenue it generates while managing costs, ensuring profitability of the business, and its long-term survival and growth. The catalyst of managing a business effectively is the use of accounting information, financial analysis, and increasingly in the 21st century, the use of real-time financial analytics on key performance indicators (KPIs) used to manage a business (Ferguson, Seow, 2011). Accounting systems continue to be the foundation of managing businesses to profitability while mitigating potential risks though insightful and real-time use of financial data. The future of accounting systems will be increasingly influenced by the real-time reporting and analysis as the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) has required the largest publically traded corporations in the U.S. To report their results through the extensible Business eporting Language (XBL) protocol (Tribunella, Tribunella, 2010). The SEC is setting a very…… [Read More]


Ferguson, C., & Seow, P. (2011). Accounting information systems research over the past decade: Past and future trends. Accounting and Finance, 51(1), 235.

Gill, R.. (2011). Why Cloud Computing Matters to Finance. Strategic Finance, 92(7), 43-47,1.

Salah A Hammad, Ruzita Jusoh, & Elaine Yen Nee Oon. (2010). Management accounting system for hospitals: a research framework. Industrial Management + Data Systems, 110(5), 762-784.

Tribunella, T., & Tribunella, H.. (2010). Using XBRL to Analyze Financial Statements. The CPA Journal, 80(3), 69-72.
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Human Resource Information Systems Wal-Mart

Words: 1523 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 82880281

Analyze the appropriateness of HM technologies and best practices to recommend applications and strategies for your selected organization, in order to improve organizational effectiveness, workforce productivity, and systems integration

HM technologies are essential towards reduction of the cost of operations as well as an increment in the level of consumer satisfaction hence effective management of the resources and available opportunities. Wal-Mart should focus on the quality and efficient automation of the processes and departments for the purposes of eliminating errors and overhead costs. This is essential through management of the HM technologies such as CM, FID, and EP with the aim of achieving maximum profit levels and revenues at the end of the fiscal year.


Ho, C. (2007). Measuring system performance of an EP-based supply chain. International Journal of Production esearch, 45(6), 1255-1277. doi:


Karimi, J., Somers, T.M., & Bhattacherjee, A. (2007). The ole of Information Systems

esources…… [Read More]


Ho, C. (2007). Measuring system performance of an ERP-based supply chain. International Journal of Production Research, 45(6), 1255-1277. doi:


Karimi, J., Somers, T.M., & Bhattacherjee, A. (2007). The Role of Information Systems

Resources in ERP Capability Building and Business Process Outcomes. Journal Of
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Managing Information Systems Introduction in

Words: 2760 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 55736802

Furuholt, (2006) argues that lack of management engagement to the acceptance of information systems has been a barrier to the implementation of information systems. The issues are even common with organizations in the developing countries where management does not give enough priority to the information systems implementation. Importantly, implementation of information systems requires management support since management will need to approve fund that would be used for IS implementation. Generally, younger people are more interested in the it tools than older people. In a situation where number of older working team outnumbers younger working team within an organization, the IS implementation may be cumbersome.

More importantly, lack of knowledge of information systems may serve as barrier to its implementation. In the developed countries, private and public organizations have already aware the importance of information systems to the organizations. Many organizations in developed countries already realize that it tool is a…… [Read More]


Abukhzam, M. & Lee, a. (2010). Factors affecting Bank Staff attitude towards E-banking adoption in Libya. The Electronic Journal on Information Systems in Developing Countries: 42(2): 1-15.

Ali, S.N.A. (2010). E-government services: an exploration of the main factors that contribute to successful implementation in Libya. PhD thesis, University of Portsmouth.

Bartol, K.M. (1982). Managing Information Systems Personnel: A Review of the Literature and Managerial Implications. MIS Quarterly.

Boh, W.F. & Yelling, D. (2007). Using Organizational Architecture Standards in Managing Information Technology. Journal of Management Information Systems. 23 (3): 163 -- 207.
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Computer Information Systems Marketing Information

Words: 636 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 40674935

Future Development Trends

The pervasiveness of the Internet and the increasing availability of development tools for creating analytics applications are together serving as the catalyst for the development of an entirely new set of predictive analytic and modeling applications where the performance of specific strategies can be simulated and planned for (Gounaris, Panigyrakis, Chatzipanagiotou, pp. 615, 616). Second, the development of collaborative platforms based on the Internet is also making the data collection function of Marketing Information Systems much more streamlined that has been the case in the past.


Marketing Information Systems are transforming the accuracy and speed that companies' marketing, sales and senior management can react to market conditions effectively. The growth of these systems is in direct proportion to the increasing speed and uncertainty new markets and market conditions influence company's plans and results.


Kristof Coussement, Dirk Van den Poel. "Integrating the voice of customers through…… [Read More]


Kristof Coussement, Dirk Van den Poel. "Integrating the voice of customers through call center emails into a decision support system for churn prediction. " Information & Management 45.3 (2008) 164. ABI/INFORM Global. ProQuest. 29 Apr. 2008.

Elizabeth Daniel, Hugh Wilson, Malcolm McDonald. "Towards a map of marketing information systems: An inductive study. " European Journal of Marketing 37.5/6 (2003): 821-847. ABI/INFORM Global. ProQuest. 29 Apr. 2008

Spiros P. Gounaris, George G. Panigyrakis, Kalliopi C. Chatzipanagiotou. "Measuring the effectiveness of marketing information systems:an empirically validated instrument. " Marketing Intelligence & Planning 25.6 (2007): 612-631. ABI/INFORM Global. ProQuest. 29 Apr. 2008.

Ronald L. Hess, Ronald S. Rubin, Lawrence a West Jr. "Geographic information systems as a marketing information system technology. " Decision Support Systems 38.2 (2004): 197-212. ABI/INFORM Global. ProQuest. 27 Apr. 2008.
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Role and Impact of Accounting Information in Decision-Making

Words: 1054 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 59573039

ole of Accounting Information in Decision Making Process

Accounting information plays an influential role in guiding decision making process in an organization. Our research shows that not all organizations would use accounting information in the same manner even though they might all utilize it for making better decisions. However some organizations might limit those decisions to the area of cost control while others would be comfortable using accounting information for making all kinds of strategic decisions from expansion, contraction to downsizing and technological overhaul.

Thus accounting information indeed has a significant place in the decision making process. However it all comes down to the level of trust that exists in a firm between accountants and senior management. The senior management must fully accept the information presented to them and also be able to rely on that in order for it to take it seriously and make decisions based on that…… [Read More]


Emmanuel, C., Otley, D. And Merchant, K. (1990), Accounting for Management Control,

2nd edition, London: Chapman & Hall publishing

Horngren, C.T. Sundem, G.L. Stratton, W.O. (2002), Introduction to Management

Accounting, 12th edition, Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall International
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Nostalgic Record Store Information System Plan Recommendation

Words: 580 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 43938976

Nostalgic Record tore Information ystem Plan Recommendation

Recommended ystems Benefits and Drawbacks

Comparing Costs and Benefits of ystems

Creating a new music store that specializes in selling nostalgic music will have a myriad of potential albums, artists, songs, titles and formats to contend with. In addition to accurately pricing these many products to ensure a profit is made, having a very accurate measure of inventory positions will also be critical. As many fans of nostalgic music are in the older age groups and rely on the Internet do to their shopping. All of these systems will need to support e-commerce in addition to in-store retailing and selling as well. The five systems the store will need include the following:

Accounting and Financial Management ystem

E-Commerce and Online Catalog Management ystem

Merchandise Inventory Management and Pricing

ales Force Automation ystem

Transaction and Point-Of-ale Applications

The following is an analysis of the…… [Read More]

Starting with the accounting and financial management system which will be the center of the IT architecture for the music store, the advantages of this type of system are its ability to quickly generate financial reports, track inventory positions, and report on incoming supplier deliveries. In short this system acts as the central coordination point for all activity in the store from a financial standpoint, coordinating accounts payable, accounts receivable and payment schedules for suppliers and all expenses. The Microsoft AX Platform is well-known as a scalable platform for stores looking to automate their accounting and financial management systems (Lamont, 2008). The downsides or drawbacks of this system are its cost, the large amount of time it takes to keep the records current, and also the time it takes to learn each new edition of software.

The second system that is required is for tracking the customer activity both within the store and online. The Customer Relationship Management (CRM) systems' benefits are the ability to create highly effective and targeted selling programs, the ability to track which promotion is generating with sale, and the ability to fine-tune product and promotion strategies to customers. There is also the advantage of being able to get up and running with the Software-as-a-Service (SaaS) versions of CRM quickly as well, as has been able to build nearly a billion-dollar business on (Limbasan, Rusu, 2011). The downsides of this type of system is the high cost to keep its information current, the costs involved in creating a more effective series of strategies over time that reflect customers' changing needs using analytics (Limbasan, Rusu, 2011) and the high cost of integrating these systems with e-commerce ordering systems to track purchases (Sarapovas, Cvilikas, 2008). They are invaluable however in understanding how and why customers buy products and their analytics can help define future strategies for selling with a very high level of precision when analytics are used.

An e-commerce system is also going to be invaluable for the retail store as well, as the unique product mix of music will be popular with fans globally. Having a website will drive retail traffic to the store and also serve as a secondary selling channel as well. The advantages of e-commerce and online catalog management systems are their ability to quickly report product introductions, manage pricing and specific aspects of a given music's unique characteristics, and also complete a transaction entirely online (Sarapovas, Cvilikas, 2008). The disadvantages are that
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Strategic Information Systems' A Strategic Information System

Words: 5960 Length: 22 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 12835532

Strategic Information Systems'?

A strategic information system is a system that enables an organisation to alter the structure of its business strategy so that it can achieve a competitive advantage over others. This system also helps organisations in fastening the time it takes to react and adapt to several environmental changes that take place and makes the overall business structure more efficient. Within a strategic information system there exists a decision support system that helps align business goals and strategies with information systems and technologies.

Write down the various business models of internet.

The various business models of the internet include:

Advertising, Blogging, Affiliate, Community, Utility, Subscription, Brokerage, Merchant, Manufacturer.

Question 3: What is 'Network Bandwidth'?

The amount or volume of data which is being transmitted through a particular network at a given point in time is referred to as a network bandwidth. Network bandwidth's can be affected by software…… [Read More]

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Business Information Systems the Three

Words: 848 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 12748476

In short, automating customer service can significantly improve the overall customer experience and improve long-term profitability as a result.

Executive Management

The need for information that is strategic in scope, meaning its implications on the long-term performance of the company, is critical. The information needs of executives are significantly different from any other department in that they must be able to see across all functional areas yet also synthesize or process the information from a functional standpoint as well. Due to all of these factors, the need for an executive information system is critical, especially in those industries that have rapidly changing product lifecycles and razor-thin gross margins (eimann, Schilke, Thomas, 2010). There is also the need executives have to quickly determining cause-and-effect of their strategies. An executive information system needs to be capable of creating and reporting in real-time the implications of strategies with metrics and key performance indicators…… [Read More]


Andreas Andronikidis, Andreas C. Georgiou, Katerina Gotzamani, & Konstantina Kamvysi. (2009). The application of quality function deployment in service quality management. TQM Journal, 21(4), 319-333.

Terrance Casey. (2004). Automation, Self-Service, and Analytics: Improve the Customer Relationship. American Water Works Association. Journal, 96(8), 34. Retrieved August 15, 2010, from ABI/INFORM Trade & Industry. (Document ID: 691484961).

Chang, W., Park, J., & Chaiy, S. (2010). How does CRM technology transform into organizational performance? A mediating role of marketing capability. Journal of Business Research, 63(8), 849.

Reimann, M., Schilke, O., & Thomas, J.. (2010). Customer relationship management and firm performance: the mediating role of business strategy. Academy of Marketing Science. Journal, 38(3), 326.
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Executive Information Systems and Digital

Words: 1122 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 61827368

5). Although Web portals also provide executives with the ability to aggregate large amounts of data from various sources, there is still the issue of sorting out all of this information in meaningful ways. Indeed, many executives are faced with so much information that it is comparable to trying to sip from a fire hose. In contrast to Web portals, digital dashboards "is a personalized portal that provides consolidated information for an individual user" (Abel, p. 6). Finally, digital dashboards also provide executives with the ability to view the information offline, thereby adding portability to the EIS approach (Abel).

Examples of Executive Information Systems and Digital Dashboards. One of the more popular EISs in use today is SAS, described by one of its vendors as "the market leader in providing a new generation of business intelligence software and services that create true enterprise intelligence. SAS is the only vendor that…… [Read More]


Abel, T. (2008). Microsoft Office 2000: Create dynamic digital dashboards using Office, OLAP, and DHTML. Microsoft Corporation. [Online]. Available:

Desouza, K.C. (2002). Managing knowledge with artificial intelligence: An introduction with guidelines for nonspecialists. Westport, CT: Quorum Books.

Glenn, R.W., Panitch, B.R., Barnes-Proby, D., Williams, E., Christian, J., Lewis, M.W., Gerwehr, S. & Brannan, D.W. (2003). Training the 21st century police officer: Redefining police professionalism for the Los Angeles Police Department. Santa Monica, CA: Rand.

Lilly Software. (2008). Infor Global Solutions, Inc. [Online]. Available: system.asp.
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Impact of Information System in Health Sector

Words: 4816 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 64875073

Information Technology on the Healthcare sector

Healthcare systems serve to perform the very important function of preserving human capital. In modern society, health care assumes significance not just in terms of the expenditure it generates, but also because it is a large-scale consumer of goods and services, important employer and contributes in research and development. From the perspective of countries, maintaining and improving health care services require significant investments. Consequently governments and the private sector consistently strive to improve the productivity levels of this sector by controlling costs. It is in this context that information and communication technology can play a key role in making both ends meet - ensure adequate health care for people at affordable costs. (Murphy, p. 12)

There is considerable criticism that health sector is markedly lagging in adopting information technology practices, thus preventing the benefits that can reach the patients and practitioners of the profession.…… [Read More]


Athey, S; Stern, S. The impact of Information Technologies on Emergency Health Care Outcomes. RAND Journal of Economics, Volume: 33, No.3; Autumn 2002, pp: 399-432

Bloomfield, B.P. et. al. Information Technology and Organizations: Strategies, Network and Integration. New York: Oxford University Press, 1997, pp: 15-19

Dennis, A.R; George, J.F; Jessup, L.M; Nunamaker, J.F; Vogel, D.R. Information Technology to Support Electronic Meetings. MIS Quarterly, December 1998, pp: 591-624

Earl, M.J. Putting Information Technology in its Place: A Polemic for the Nineties. In Galliers, R.D and Baker, B.H.S (eds). Strategic Information Management. Oxford: Butterworth Heinmann, 1994, pp: 76-90
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Technical System Information Technology and Information Systems

Words: 1023 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 11062670

Technical System: Information, Information Technology, And Information Systems

The Technical System:

Information, Information Technology, and Information Systems

The use of Enterprise esource Planning (EP) systems to manage the manufacturing and services processes with companies is one of the most critical areas of enterprise software there is. Google, Yahoo and other search engines, in their search taxonomies also classify EP systems as manufacturing systems, and this is because of the highly coordinated approach these applications bring to running an enterprise. The business activities and functions support, information the applications of an EP systems provide and the knowledge that users need to successfully manage based on its analysis and reporting are provided.

Fundamentals of EP Systems

At the center of EP systems are the accounting and finance modules that include Accounts Payable and Accounts eceivable, General Ledger and Financial eporting (Edwards, Coutts, 2005). These form the coordination point of the EP system…… [Read More]


J Edwards, & I Coutts. (2005). Easing the implementation and change of manufacturing software systems. International Journal of Production Research, 43(10), 1965-1981.

Law, C., Chen, C., & Wu, B.. (2010). Managing the full ERP life-cycle:

Considerations of maintenance and support requirements and IT governance practice as integral elements of the formula for successful ERP adoption. Computers in Industry, 61(3), 297.

Malhotra, R., & Temponi, C.. (2010). Critical decisions for ERP integration: Small business issues. International Journal of Information Management, 30(1), 28.
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Cross Organizational Systems Information System

Words: 318 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 37433936

From the above three IS. It is advisable for Clambake Company to go for a CM system to be able to increase the sales and workforce to 80% and 40% respectively. CM integrates and automates the customer sales process such as marketing, customer services and sales that improve interaction with the Company's customers. CM provides better customer service; it gives the businesses strategic advantages such as the ability of personalizing the relationships with the customers.

CM too has a disadvantage since many companies find CM difficult to properly implement due to lack of adequate understanding and preparation by the management and employees (Bruggen & Wierenga, 2005).


ona, . (2012). Cross Functional Enterprise Information System | Free Articles Directory . Free Articles Directory . etrieved October 17, 2012, from

Bruggen, G.H., & Wierenga, B. (2005). When are CM systems successful?: the perspective of the user and…… [Read More]


Rona, R. (2012). Cross Functional Enterprise Information System | Free Articles Directory . Free Articles Directory . Retrieved October 17, 2012, from

Bruggen, G.H., & Wierenga, B. (2005). When are CRM systems successful?: the perspective of the user and of the organization. London: Erasmus Research Institute of Management.
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Human Resources Information Systems

Words: 848 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 32976760


Human esources Information Systems

This work in writing will provide a detailed description of the HIS application chosen for the business and will answer as to what type of HIS might create more efficient process for the H functions chosen.

HIS Type

The HIS type chosen for the present organization at issue is a Human esource and Payroll Software system suite that includes administration of Human esources and Benefits, Compensation, ecruiting, Training, Performance, Succession, Self-Service, eporting, Time Entry and Payroll. HIS software is reported to be in use in hundreds of industries for managing daily employee activities of a business. HIS software is vital for the organization that focuses on remaining effective and efficient and on in which information concerning organizational employees is managed well and easily tracked, discerned and accessed.

HIS Vendor Choice

The vendor chosen for the HIS solution is that of NuView Systems, Inc. The NuView…… [Read More]


Baran Muhtesem, Karabulut Elif, and Pekdemir Isil (2002) "The new HR practices in changing organizations": an empirical study in Turkey cited in: Boateng, Asofo-Adjei Agyenim (2007) The Role of Human Resource Information Systems (HRIS) in Strategic Human Resource Management (SHRM). Swedish School Of Economics and Business Administration 2007. Retrieved from:

Boateng, Asofo-Adjei Agyenim (2007) The Role of Human Resource Information Systems (HRIS) in Strategic Human Resource Management (SHRM). Swedish School Of Economics and Business Administration 2007. Retrieved from:

HR Software Solutions from NuViewHR (2010) NuView Systems, Inc. Retrieved from: hr-solutions-from-nuviewhr.html

NuView Systems, Inc. (2010) Global Provider of HRIS/HRMS and Payroll Software Tools. Retreived from:
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Computer Information System Design

Words: 2315 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 24003748

New Computer System for the 21st Century Business Office

It is impossible to imagine that any business can be run in the 21st century without an adequate computer system. And yet therein lies the rub: Determining what computer system is adequate for any business purpose is in fact a complex and difficult process in many cases. All too often what happens when a manager is faced with choosing a new computer system (usually at the point when the old one has completely crashed, losing valuable information that wasn't backed-up) is that he or she finds the brochure that's on the top of the pile and orders that computer system.

But this is not the way to proceed. Acquiring the right information system is essential in keeping a company healthy. This paper examines a real-world case of a corporation - in this case, Toys Us - adopted a new computer information…… [Read More]

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Business Information Systems Implementing a

Words: 2869 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 89245599

Third, the information systems implications also need to concentrate on how to manage pricing and discounting across product groups and also across payment methods. This is an area where small businesses can gain significant competitive advantage and one that is consistently ignored or not undertaken at all. For the payment card strategies in small businesses to be profitable, information systems, specifically applications, need to be created and managed to ensure optimal pricing is defined for each product, and that gross margins are maximized regardless of the payment card used.

Fourth, information systems in small businesses need to take into account the synchronizing of all available distribution channels, creating a multi-channel management strategy that is integrated to the payment card processing system as well (Goldstucker, Moschis, Stanley, Thomas, 1986). Tracking transactions and margins by channel is one of the main metrics that small businesses use to evaluate their overall selling and…… [Read More]


Kuo Lane Chen, Huei Lee, Bradley W. Mayer. (2001). The impact of security control on business-to-consumer electronic commerce. Human Systems Management, 20(2), 139-147. Retrieved April 4, 2008, from ABI/INFORM Global database. (Document ID: 81058919).

Goldstucker, Jac L., Moschis, George P., Stanley, Thomas J.. (1986). Possible Effects of Electronic Shopping on Restructuring of Distribution Channels. International Journal of Retailing, 1(1), 20. Retrieved April 4, 2008, from ABI/INFORM Global database. (Document ID: 7086604).

Mandell, L. (1990). The credit card industry: a history. Boston. Twayne Publishers.

Merlin Stone, Matt Hobbs, Mahnaz Khaleeli. (2002). Multichannel customer management: The benefits and challenges. Journal of Database Marketing, 10(1), 39-52. Retrieved April 11, 2008, from ABI/INFORM Global database. (Document ID: 214005721).
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Human Resources Information System the

Words: 1073 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 44799113

This approach to defining the platform will also alleviate the task of having to find Information technologies (it) staff to manage just these applications over time.

Ensuring Adoption of the Intranet

By far the greatest challenge however will not be technological, it will be in gaining the adoption of the Intranet across the eight locations, and having employees trust it enough over time. The most critical issue for Castle Family estaurants is to also get their store managers trained and involved early in the process to ensure they have a sense of ownership for the systems and their application. The greatest impediment for any hospitality or restaurant system is the need for alleviating resistance to change by concentrating on how to infuse ownership throughout both management and employee ranks (Wolff, 2006). The use of a SaaS-based application will significantly contribute to this aspect of the implementation as it can be…… [Read More]


AMR Research (2006) -- Making HCM Strategic: Aligning the Workforce with Business Goals. Christa Degnan Manning and Judy Sweeney. AMR Research Report. Boston, MA. October, 2006

Tanya V Bondarouk, Huub JM Ruel. (2008). HRM systems for successful information technology implementation: evidence from three case studies. European Management Journal, 26(3), 153. Retrieved March 30, 2009, from ABI/INFORM Global database. (Document ID: 1497874931).

Karen Holcombe Ehrhart, Beth G. Chung-Herrera. (2008). HRM at Your Service: Developing Effective HRM Systems in the Context of E-Service. Organizational Dynamics, 37(1), 75. Retrieved March 29, 2009, from ABI/INFORM Global database. (Document ID: 1467751961).

Sheryl E. Kimes, Paul E. Wagner. (2001). Preserving your revenue-management system as a trade secret. Cornell Hotel and Restaurant Administration Quarterly, 42(5), 8-15. Retrieved March 29, 2009, from ABI/INFORM Global database. (Document ID: 101949209).
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Geographical Information Systems in Armed

Words: 3271 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 71823540

Knowing in advance the terrain, the vegetation, and the water sources prepares the mission teams with the knowledge to confront the elements associated with the geographical conditions of the site. Analysis provides information for determining in advance the best sites to set up base camps, where the terrain is less vulnerable to hostile advances. t demonstrates in advance how supplies will most efficiently and expeditiously be delivered to the site. The GS can indicate to military coordinators how many helicopters, ground armored vehicles, and other military transport vehicles the use of which is dependent upon conditions of terrain. Whether or not supplies can be delivered via ground or air is an important consideration in planning and supplying a military exercise or event. GS is a valuable tool for military logistical purposes.

f we look at the layered data GS is capable of delivering, we find that the information is essential…… [Read More]

Intoccia, Greogry F., and Moore, Joe Wesey, Communications, Technology, Warfare, and the Law: Is the Network a Weapon System?, Houston Journal of International Law, vol 28, 2006, p. 467.

GAO, 2003, op cit.

Sznaider, 2005, p. 5.
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Health Information Systems' Financial Structure

Words: 914 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 91869776

Financial Structure Information System

The delivery of care across all levels of healthcare delivery system is largely influenced by information and information exchange. The information exchange takes place between the various stakeholders in the health care delivery process i.e. The health care facility, the patient, the caregiving team, and political-economic environment. The significance of information in health care delivery process and system has contributed to the development of health care information systems. Health care information systems can be described as systems that captures, manages, stores, and conveys information that is related to people's health and activities of a health care organization of facility. These systems play a crucial role in the management of information exchange towards decision-making on health care activities and processes. Health care information systems have different structures including financial structure, which has positive and negative impacts and is applicable to different work areas in the health sector.…… [Read More]


Glickman et. al. (2007, October 18). Promoting Quality: The Health-care Organization from a Management Perspective. International Journal for Quality in Health Care, 19(6), 341-348.

Pina et. al. (2015, April). A Framework for Describing Health Care Delivery Organizations and Systems. American Journal of Public Health, 105(4), 670-679.

Thede, L. (2012, January 23). Informatics: Where Is It? The Online Journal of Issues in Nursing, 17(1). Retrieved from
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Human Resources Information Systems --

Words: 891 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 95377882

Second, the assumption of a phased roll-out in each of the global geographies of Cincom makes the most sense, concentrating on localization of languages and variation in key human resources processes by region prior to the formal introduction of the system. This is critical, in our experience, to ensure there is a higher probability of adoption of the system. Third, the assumption that the system will be integrated with payroll and accounting systems has been made in this initial business case. From our previous conversations it is clear you would like to manage human resources to a tighter budget given these difficult economic times, and the system we've chosen is flexible enough to allow for costing and integration. Fourth, the assumption that the outsourcing businesses of Cincom, now in its formative stages, will grow. Our criteria in the evaluation of the recommended system take the potential growth of this exciting…… [Read More]

Resources Management System. Our thorough review of potential systems have shown this to be the most cost-effective and best aligned with your company's needs. At your request our team can provide you with further analysis and potential cost and time savings to Cincom for adopting this potential strategy. Thank you and we look forward to hearing from you soon.
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Business Information System Work-Related Project

Words: 1348 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 53092461

In other words, as coding begins, testing begins and continues as a parallel process to the coding activity. Even when the installation process has begun, testing should continue.

Installation is the process of actually replacing the current system or programs with the new system or programs. Thus, coding, testing, and installation processes create several deliverables that can be used as signoff points for management. The testing and implementation process should allow for back out points where new direction or error and bug elimination can occur. The deliverables are fail safes in a sense because a next task should not be started until a previous task has been given the okay by management. This process therefore puts a system of checks and balances in place.

Documentation and Training

Most people think that coding and testing are the only crucial aspects of implementation. Ironically, one of the more critical things to accomplish…… [Read More]


Canberra. (n.d.). System Implementation. Retrieved on January 27, 2005, at

Grabski, Severin V. (2002). International Lumberyards, Inc.: An Information System Consulting Case. Journal of Information Systems, 9/22.

Knight, Ph.D., Linda V. (2001, November 1). System Development Methodologies for Web Enabled E-Business: A Customization Paradigm. Retrieved January 16, 2005, at

Peacock, Eileen (2004). Accounting for the development costs of internal-use software. Journal of Information Systems, 3/22.
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Accounting and Intrusion Detection in a Report

Words: 6872 Length: 25 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 17210308

Accounting and Intrusion Detection

In a report issued by Paladin Technologies, Inc., entitled: "Security Metrics: Providing Cost Justification for Security Projects," 273 organizations were surveyed on the topic of security. The report illustrates in quantifiable terms the depth and reach of intrusion detection on the financial viability of the organization. The combined reported losses from the firms surveyed totaled $265.6 million in 1999. The highest loss categories were reported as follows:

Type of Loss

Estimated Dollar Value

Number of espondents

Theft of intellectual capital


Financial Fraud




The average annual financial loss of firms surveyed was estimated at $40 million. Forty three percent of respondents were able to quantify financial losses, and seventy four percent were able to acknowledge financial loss. Ninety percent detected cyber attacks within the most recent twelve-month period and seventy percent reported serious breaches other than viruses, laptop theft, and employee abuse of…… [Read More]


Risk Assessment risk assessment involves estimating the likelihood and severity of an occurrence, the relative impact of risk on the facility, information handler, processing, support, and the mission of the organization. Assessing the likelihood means determining the probability that existing controls will be skirted. Pfleeger has identified a series of steps for examining the likelihood of adverse occurrences:

Calculate the probability that the risk may happen, found in the observed data for the specific system.

Estimate the likely number occurrences in a given time period. The analyst gives a rating based on several different risk analysis methodologies, and then creates a table to hold and compare the ratings.

The Delphi approach: several raters individually estimate the probable likelihood of an event, combine their estimates, and choose the best one.
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Systems Media Table Comparison System Uses Word

Words: 2095 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 59645728

Systems Media Table: Comparison



Word processor

The main purpose of this program is to construct sentences of the perceived information and manipulate paragraphs to form a word document. The program uses a display format 'what-you-see-is-what-you-get' to enhance the quality of the expected hardcopy.

WordPerfect and Microsoft Word are mostly superseded by both organization and personal computers to perform functions such as word formatting, letter processing and some simple designing. Accordingly, it is the most frequently used program in day-to-day operation.

It is used to type the text, save, and format and print the text.

It is used to insert pictures into the text page.

It is used to spell check the text document.

It is used to prepare letters and other word documents.

Hierarchical database

This kind of database system is to display a structure that would relieve the presentation of information using parent to child relationship. The…… [Read More]


AJ, W., & al, e. (2007). The role of decision aids in promoting evidence-based patient choice in Edwards A and Elwyn E (eds) Evidence-based patient choice:. O'Connor A and Edwards A.

European Commission DG Health and Consumer. (2012). Guidlines on the Qualification and Classification of Stand-alone Software used in Healthcare withing the Regulatory Framework of Medical Devices. Articles of Directive 93/42/EEC .

Eysenbach, G., Powell, J., Gunter, T.D., & Terry, N.P. (2005). The Emergence of National Electronic Health Record Architectures in the United States and Australia: Models, Costs, and Questions. Journal of Medical Internet Research: The Leading Peer-reviewed Internet Journal.

Fesenko, N. (2007). Compression Technologyes of Graphic Information. International Journal "Information Theories & Applications."
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System Implementations

Words: 1376 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 26039795

Systems Implementation

System Implementations

Describe the company, the business problem the company was addressing with the system implementation, the system chosen to implement, and the company's rationale for selecting the system to solve the problem.

Wal-Mart, a company that enjoys a significant market share in the U.S. food industry, rolled out its multi-phased project. This marked the beginning of implementing the company's long ditched in-house IT systems, which favored their operations with vendors. However, implementation of the SAP system is already raising red flags. This is because the system comes with costly financial works, which have strained the company (Scheck, 2010). While the project was aimed at leading the firm to growth, Wal-Mart recorded a significant sales decline. This was one of the company's worst performance over three decades now, been beaten by new corporations from Germany and South Korea. As local competitors maintained the pace set by Wal-Mart, most…… [Read More]


Hellens, L, Nielsen, S., Beekhuyzen, J., & Ebrary, Inc. (2008). Qualitative case studies on implementation of enterprise wide systems. Hershey, PA: Idea Group Pub.

Jacobs, A.J. (2012). Information system implementations: Using a leadership quality matrix for success. S.l.: Authorhouse.

Ramachandran, S. (2007). Digital VLSI systems design: A design manual for implementation of projects on FPGAs and ASICs using Verilog. Dordrecht, Netherlands: Springer.

Scheck, D.E. (2010). Implementation project for traffic signal monitor/recorder and analysis system. Athens, Ohio: Dept. Of Industrial & Systems Engineering, Ohio University.
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System Development Life Cycle SDLC

Words: 1611 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 49076136

However, the company did feel it should develop its own Database infrastructure that would work with the new underlying database management system and would mesh with existing organizational skills and the selected enterprise software solution.

Because the company followed a standardized implementation process, they were able to successfully reengineer their existing business structure. The objective of the System Development Life Cycle is to help organizations define what an appropriate system development methodology should be in order for them to continue to meet the rapidly changing business environment. The specific research approach employed by International Lumberyards, Inc. was to follow the steps of the cycle and it helped them dramatically.


This report attempted to analyze a work-related project that used a systems analysis tool for a specific business system. The report focused on the use of the System Development Life Cycle to implement a business or information technology need as…… [Read More]


Grabski, Severin V. (2002). International Lumberyards, Inc.: An Information System Consulting Case. Journal of Information Systems, 9/22.

Knight, Ph.D., Linda V. (2001, November 1). System Development Methodologies for Web Enabled E-Business: A Customization Paradigm. Retrieved January 16, 2005, at

Peacock, Eileen (2004). Accounting for the development costs of internal-use software. Journal of Information Systems, 3/22.

Wikopedia. (n.d.). System Development Life Cycle. Retrieved January 16, 2005, at
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Accounting Function for a Chosen

Words: 6160 Length: 23 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 22760906

"Management believes that the accounting estimates employed are appropriate and the resulting balances are reasonable; however, due to the inherent uncertainties in making estimates actual results could differ from the original estimates, requiring adjustments to these balances in future periods."

ased on the data retrieved and the projections made, the accounting division will proceed to the development of the consolidated statements for all of GM subsidies and the overall group. There are 24 consolidated statements, as follows: Discounted Operations; Asset Impairment; Investment in Nonconsolidated Affiliates; Marketable Securities; Variable Interest Entities; Finance Receivables and Securitization; Inventories; Equipment on Operating Leases; Income Taxes; Property - Net; Goodwill and Intangible Assets; Other Assets; Accrued Expenses, Other Liabilities and Deferred Income Taxes; Long-Term Debt and Loans Payable; Pensions and Other Postretirement enefits; Commitments and Contingent Matters, Stockholders' Equity; Earnings per Share Attributable to Common Stocks; Derivative Financial Instruments and Risk Management; Fair Value of…… [Read More]


1. 2007 General Motors Annual Report. Page 9. On the Internet at retrieved on February 15, 2009

2. General Motors Mission Statement, 2009, on the internet at Ast retrieved on February 16, 2009

3. Supplier Diversity, Website of General Motors, 2009, on the internet at retrieved on February 16, 2009

4. Management's Discussion and Analysis, Website of General Motors, 2009, on the internet at retrieved on February 16, 2009
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Accounting Theories and Business Decisions The Business

Words: 1729 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 16133016

Accounting Theories and usiness Decisions: The usiness World

Case Facts

Application of theories

Other cases of stakeholder theory application

Accounting theories and business decisions: The business world

There are many theories that explain the complexity of relationship between different groups of people directly and indirectly related to an organization. Two of the most comprehensive and most discussed theories are stakeholder theory and agency theory. oth the theories describe what the main purpose of each group is and how these groups ought to manage these relationships. In agency theory, it identified that agency relationship takes place when one or more than one principal, acting as owners, delegate their power to make decisions, to a person acting as their agent or steward. Thus, agency theory principally revolves around the relationship of principal and agent. While the principal delegates the authority or decision making power to agent (managers) to act in the best…… [Read More]


Alessi, Chirstopher. 2013. "Understanding the LIBOR Scandal." Council on Foreign Relations, Feb 6. Accessed August 23, 2013.

Dean, Cornelia. 2007. "Executive on a mission: saving the planet." New York Times, May 22. Accessed August 23, 2013.

Jensen, Michael C. 2010. "Value maximization, stakeholder theory, and the corporate objective function." Journal of applied corporate finance 22: 32-42.

Kanter, Rosabeth Moss. 2011. How great companies think differently. Harvard Business Review, November. Accessed August 24, 2013.
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Accounting Kaplan and Anderson 2005 Notes That

Words: 932 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 37955260


Kaplan and Anderson (2005) notes that activity-based costing (ABC) systems are not as effective in practice as they are on paper. Among the grievances that Kaplan notes with respect to ABC, the system is not very scalable, losing power as the company gets larger. The textbook version is usually a very simple company with a handful of activities, but in the real world companies can have hundreds of products, thousands of activities and tens of thousands of customers. This presents a challenge, because activity-based costing requires a substantial amount of information in order to be effective. Past a certain scale of organization, activity-based costing does not deliver a good return on investment because of the costs associated with gathering and analyzing this information. Kaplan wrote this in 2005, mind you, when perhaps information gathering and processing capabilities were somewhat worse than they are today. Certainly doing ABC manually is…… [Read More]


Gilbert, S. (2007). Adding time to activity-based costing. Working Knowledge. Retrieved March 15, 2014 from

Kaplan, R. & Anderson, S. (2005). Rethinking activity-based costing. Working Knowledge. Retrieved March 15, 2014 from
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Accounting Profession Towards a More

Words: 3151 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 57289159

However, when a shock happens that changes that pattern, the information is no longer relevant. In periods of turmoil, only the most up-to-date information is relevant. The usefulness of the information wanes quickly as the behavior of the company becomes more erratic. After a period of erratic behavior and change, the company may be forced to make internal changes that affect the way they do business. They may make changes that affect their inventory management, sales cycle, stock levels, supply chain, distribution network or other fundamental business functions. New patterns may emerge and the old information no longer applies.

The term "relevancy" can have many different meanings depending on what is happening with the company. A new accounting regime may need to be instituted when a change takes place. Looking at the most recent historical information is one way to determine the relevancy of the accounting information. The analyst needs…… [Read More]


Cadwalader, Wickersham, & Tact LLP. 1999. Application of the Safe Harbor for Forward-

Looking Statements. Findlaw. Accessed April 23, 2009


Giroux, G. (n.d.). American Big Business and Cost Accounting. In a Short History of Accounting and Business. Accessed April 23, 2009
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Affects of Technology on the Accounting Profession

Words: 876 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 63746323

Technology on the Accounting Profession

Accounting and finance continue to see rapid improvements in the accuracy, efficiency and performance of systems as advances are made in the fields of analytics, big data, system integration and reporting, mobility and cloud-based platforms including Software-as-a-Service (SaaS). All of technologies taken together are accelerating the pace of change in accounting today. The intent of this analysis is to provide a description of these technologies, explaining their effects on accounting processes. These technologies are also discussed from the standpoint of how they are changing how accounting is being performance at Cincom Systems, a provider of enterprise software.

Analysis of How Technologies Are Changing The Accounting Profession

The most significant advances in technologies impacting the accounting profession are occurring in the area of cloud computing and SaaS, as cloud architectures are fundamentally changing the economics of how software is purchased and used (Arnesen, 2013). The growing…… [Read More]


Arnesen, S., C.P.A. (2013). Is a cloud ERP solution right for you? Strategic Finance, 94(8), 45-50.

Brands, K., C.M.A. (2013). XBRL and big data. Strategic Finance, 95(2), 64-65.

Christensen, M., & Skaerbaek, P. (2010). Consultancy outputs and the purification of accounting technologies. Accounting, Organizations and Society, 35(5), 524.

Collins, J.C. (2013). Technology Q&A. Journal of Accountancy, 216(2), 68-70,72.
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Ackoff's Management Misinformation Systems

Words: 1515 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 30176804

Ackoff's Management Misinformation Systems

How corporate leaders may make improper assumptions related to accounting information systems and the related information

In most cases, there lacks materials, which, directly pinpoints the Ackoff's Management, challenges faced by the organization. Many companies and their leaders experience challenges that are related to a weak human resource department. In the recent past, the many companies have experienced various mechanical failures that cause these organizations to recall appropriate measure of performance. The mechanical issues are attributed to H issues as the root causes. Organizational employees' failure to make good decisions shows a problem with reward processes, training processes, performance management processes and the hiring processes. Many corporate leaders engage in improper assumptions to accounting information systems when they engage in the following measures (Bauer, 1994).

Poor rewards and recognition system

Many corporate leaders focus on cost cutting characterized by massive retrenchment worldwide as a cost cutting…… [Read More]


Bauer, A. (1994). Shop floor control systems: From design to implementation. London:

Chapman & Hall.

Bruggen, G.H., & Wierenga, B. (2000). Marketing management support systems: Principles, tools, and implementation. Boston [u.a.: Kluwer Acad. Publ.

Jackson, M.C. (2000). Systems approaches to management. New York, NY [u.a.: Kluwer
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Deliberate Accounting Misrepresentations of Fraud

Words: 619 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 24734506

Accounting Fraud at CIT Computer Leasing Group, Inc." by Michelman et al. The security of the data in this organization as identified in this article is extremely suspect, primarily because it relates to the honesty and integrity of the individuals working for CIT Computer Leasing Group, Inc. From an Accounting Information Systems standpoint, the internal controls were relatively simple. Moreover, they actually appeared to be intrinsically linked to operations -- partially due to the fact that a large part of the business of the aforementioned company relates to returned leases to computer equipment. If the individual responsible for the accounting of these computers that are supposed to be returned to the organization does not report them accurately, he can override virtually all controls due to his inaccuracies which he can later on utilize to his own financial benefit. Thus, because this system involves company assets that are outside of the…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Michelman, Jeffrey, Gorman, Victoria, Trompeter, Gregory. "Accounting Fraud at CIT Computer Leasing Group, Inc." Issues in Accounting Education. Vol. 26, no.3, pp. 569-591. 2011. Print.
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Analyzing Managerial Accounting Can Help Managers With Product Costing

Words: 2726 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 79363269

Managerial Accounting Can Help Managers With Product Costing

Organizational success depends on manager's decision-making prowess. Management functions encompass Organization, Planning, Control and Direction, each requiring access to established, and well organized and presented data. Managerial accounting that comprises of different facets of accounting measures helps access to data for identifying, analyzing, and deciding on long-term and short-term measures towards business sustainability and profitability.

Accounting, in earlier times was restricted to and for external sources -- market, supply and end-users. Presently, its importance to internal operations (especially works, manufacturing, services etc.) has widened the scope to address both internal and external audience and sources. This has helped create a pragmatic feedback system for the managers to rely on.

Cost accounting and management accounting go hand-in-hand although the latter takes into account both revenues and cost while the former considers only costs for its calculations. Thus, management account allows the flexibility of…… [Read More]


Ahrens, T. and Chapman C.S. (2006). "New measures in performance management" in Bhimani, A. (ed.) Contemporary issues in management accounting. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Clinton, B.D. & Van der Merwe, A. (2006). "Management Accounting - Approaches, Techniques, and Management Processes." Cost Management. New York: Thomas Reuters RIA Group.

Clinton, B.D., Matuszewski, L. & Tidrick, D. (2011). "Escaping Professional Dominance?" Cost Management. New York: Thomas Reuters RIA Group

Davila, A. and Foster G. (2009). "The adoption and evolution of management control systems in entrepreneurial companies: evidence and a promising future" in Chapman, C.S., A.G. Hopwood and M.D. Shields (eds) Handbook of management accounting research, volume 3. Oxford: Elsevier.
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Computing Developments for Accounting

Words: 513 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 99193102

cloud-based Accounting Information Systems is Marks' "Are cloud based accounting apps ready for prime time? 5 things you should know." The first of the five points about utilizing AIS through the cloud is that security is typically not a problem with utilizing such services. One of the chief reasons for this, the article explicates, is because of the various forms of security available. Firstly, there is the security that the cloud service provider has against outside threats. These include sophisticated firewalls and other types of cutting edge IT security systems. Moreover, there is the security that is found at the user level, and which helps to protect organizations internally from individuals within their own organization utilizing (or even viewing) data that they should not. Specifically, there are user-based access mechanisms that enable those leveraging this service to present the requisite credential to view relevant data. Additionally, the author references two…… [Read More]


Marks, G. (2013). Are cloud based accounting apps ready for prime time? 5 things you should know. Retrieved from
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Enterprise Saas ERP System for

Words: 2948 Length: 11 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 96740183

This is because it can provide and de-provide its resources dynamically, lead to a reduction of the unused capacity as well as maximize the available resources for improved efficiency.

Efficient: The SaaS EP system makes businesses to benefit from the shared hardware, familiar technologies as well as automated processes. This means that that system is able to effectively increase its peak-load capacity, provide access to organizational resources from almost everywhere via PC or any other internet enabled-devices. The system also leads to a reduction in the energy usage as well as the level of physical footprint.

Flexible: The SaaS EP system can adapt to the changing business needs.This means that it can easily adapt to the ever dynamic nature of a distributed workforce.

Secure: The system is also secure due to the multi-level data security system which it employs

The business would therefore need to engage on a total overhaul…… [Read More]


Al-Fawaz, K.,Al-Salti, Z and Eldabi, T (2008).Critical success factors in erp implementation: a review. European and Mediterranean Conference on Information Systems 2008

Drumm, J (2011). Four Benefits of Microsoft Dynamics ERP Cloud Computing

Goel, S.,Kiran.,R ., Garg, D (2011) Impact of Cloud Computing on ERP implementations in Higher Education. International Journal of Advanced Computer Science and Applications, Vol (2) 6 2011
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IT Governance Information Technologies IT

Words: 890 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 82006687

This has saved many organizations literally millions of dollars by averting investments in IT programs that would have not delivered a sufficient enough return to make they valuable (Weill, oss, 2004).

IT Governance failures often manifest themselves through the lack of consistency on customer-facing strategies and a quick drop in customer satisfaction, along with ample evidence of a disconnected value chain throughout the business (Weill, oss, 2004). The airline industry is full of examples of IT governance failures, from the lack of consistency in customer service, seating programs, and the lack of focus on measurable improvements in airline performance, this capital-intensive industry tends to be the most transparent in its lack of ability to make IT investments deliver long-term, measurable financial value (Nwabueze, Mileski, 2008). Such is the case with Swiss Air, an airline which was privatized in the early 2000 timeframe and instead of concentrating on quality of customer…… [Read More]


S De Haes, & W. Van Grembergen. (2009). Exploring the relationship between IT governance practices and business/IT alignment through extreme case analysis in Belgian mid-to-large size financial enterprises. Journal of Enterprise Information Management, 22(5), 615-637.

Denise Ko, & Dieter Fink. (2010). Information technology governance: an evaluation of the theory-practice gap. Corporate Governance, 10(5), 662-674.

Edephonce N. Nfuka, & Lazar Rusu. (2011). The effect of critical success factors on IT governance performance. Industrial Management + Data Systems, 111(9), 1418-1448.

Uche Nwabueze, & Joan Mileski. (2008). The challenge of effective governance: the case of Swiss Air. Corporate Governance, 8(5), 583-594.
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History of Management Accounting Management

Words: 4082 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 95845101

The mistake occurred when enthusiasts tried to use those data for other purposes such as 'strategic product decisions.' The average cost of production never could, and never will, be relevant for those classes of decisions where only the change in total costs and revenues are relevant. That is, the rough, average post calculations provided a guide for pricing unique one-off products or services, but were of no use for the other purposes (emphasis added) (Garner & Tsuji, 1995, p. 52).

The strategic product decision function of management accounting described above is based on the strategic management accounting method; this approach serves to cause change in the management framework through various accounting devices designed to adapt effectively to the constantly changing external business environment (Garner & Tsuji, 1995). Strategic management accounting, though, should be managed by production people (including sales and engineering), rather than by accounting staff (Garner & Tsuji, 1995).…… [Read More]


Anthony, R.N. (2003, January 1). Management accounting: a personal history. Journal of Management Accounting Research, 15, 249.

Black, T., & Gallagher, L. (1999). Are physical capacity constraints relevant?: Applying finance-economics theory to a management accounting misconception. Australian Journal of Management, 24(2), 143.

Cooper R., & Kaplan, R.S. (1990, February). Measure costs right: Make the right decision. CPA Journal, 25.

Cortada, J.W. (2004). The digital hand: How computers changed the work of American manufacturing, transportation, and retail industries. New York: Oxford University Press.
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Finance Management Accounting the Topic of Finance and

Words: 2385 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 37607299

Finance/Management Accounting

The topic of finance and managerial accounting inclusively, are broad and incorporate a critical skill set in the modern day business student. Finance involves corporate and investment finance and managerial accounting is complimentary as it involves cost accounting and essentially stresses cost management. Together, these topics provide a comprehensive financial analysis skill set yielding capability in solving the day's most critical business financial quandaries. The literature review will seek to narrow down the literature and funnel the topic into the main financial analysis area.

According to Musvoto, (2011), "Studies in accounting measurement indicate the absence of empirical relational structures that should form the basis for accounting measurement. This suggests the lack of objectivity of accounting information. Landmarks in the development of finance theory indicate the use of accounting measurement information as a basis for their development. This indicates that subjective accounting information is incorporated in finance theory. Landmarks…… [Read More]


Allen, D. (1992). Financial management: The leading edge of management accountancy. Strategic Finance, 73(12), 53. Retrieved from 

Black, T., & Gallagher, L. (1999). Are physical capacity constraints relevant?: Applying finance-economics theory to a management accounting misconception. Australian Journal of Management, 24(2), 143. Retrieved from 

Brewer, P.C. (2008). Redefining management accounting. Strategic Finance, 89(9), 26. Retrieved from 

Coakley, J.R., & Brown, C.E. (2000). Artificial neural networks in accounting and finance: Modeling issues. Intelligent Systems in Accounting, Finance and Management, 9(2), 119. Retrieved from
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Kudler Fine Foods Info Systems Requirements

Words: 498 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 64168433

Kudler Fine Foods

Design equirements

The design elements for this system have to focus on ease of use at the front end, and access to data on the back end. On the front end, the POS system should have only limited interface with the staff, to minimize training requirements. If the information gathering is automatic, that it best. At the back end, when the data needs to be used, the dashboard format is recommended. A dashboard is a common design for managerial decision-making systems. The best dashboards have some flexibility, so that different users can have different elements that they choose to see or to hide. This flexibility means that the same back end system can be used by different people within the company (in marketing, in purchasing, etc.). There will be several categories of information gathered, and it should be easy to filter out the data in a number…… [Read More]


Yigitbasioglu, O, & Velcu, O. (2012). A review of dashboards in performance management: Implications for design and research. International Journal of Accounting Information Systems. Vol. 13 (2012) 41-59.
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Accounting Has Been Nothing if Not a

Words: 937 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 89936224

Accounting has been nothing if not a dynamic, global discipline over the last two decades. The role of the accountant has changed dramatically during that time and will continue to do so -- as will the nature of the challenges that the accounting profession faces"

Over the past twenty years, the modern business community has been faced with the challenges of globalization, the new predominance of technology in business affairs, and the creation of a service-based 'knowledge economy' versus a manufacturing-based one. The profession of accounting has had to adapt to this new environment. "Business internationalization and globalization has facilitated the transfer of capital and information across national borders, with economic power residing in holders of particular knowledge sets. Business and management location is becoming increasingly irrelevant and management and accounting work is becoming multidisciplinary" (Parker 2002).

Globalization has lead to more uniform regulations in accounting. Until recently, U.S. accountants…… [Read More]


GAAP'S Last Stand IFRS is no rumor -- welcome to the next phase of financial reporting.

2011. Periso. Accessed: / [June 23, 2011]

Parker, Lee D. 2002. Reinventing the managerial accountant. Glasgow University.
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Accounting Allows Managers to Better

Words: 645 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 50133555

d.). The methods by which this information is gathered will differ based on the type of production that is being undertaken. Cost flow assumptions relates to how costs flow through inventory accounts. This can include FIFO, LIFO, weighted average and other methods. This impacts the costs because it helps to determine which costs are counted for which period. Recording interval capability refers to the points in time when a company takes inventory. Many firms use perpetual inventory, but some firms will take inventory periodically in order to provide this information.

Overall, cost accounting systems provide the information that managers need with respect to the costs of a product. By using a specific system, wherein decisions about methodology are made about each of the five parts of the cost accounting system, the system will be consistent through different products and through different time periods for the same product. This will ensure…… [Read More]

Works Cited:

Kinney, M. & Raiborn, C. (2009). Cost accounting: Foundations and evolutions. Mason, OH: Thomson Higher Education.

Martin, J. (no date). What is a cost accounting system? Management and Accounting Web. Retrieved June 23, 2010 from 

Cooper, R. & Kaplan, R. (1988). How cost accounting distorts product costs. Management Accounting. Vol. 69 (10) 20.
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Systems for a Retail Store Nostalgic Record

Words: 1025 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 27594044

Systems for a etail Store

Nostalgic ecord Store Information Systems Proposal

Benefits and Drawbacks of Information Systems

Comparison of Cost and Benefits

Any new store will require a series of accounting, e-commerce, finance, customer relationship management (CM), pricing and services applications to ensure it stays profitable. When the products being sold are highly unique, as is the case with nostalgic music, the role of these systems becomes even more critical. It is the goal of this proposal to define five specific systems needed to operate the store profitably, in addition to listing the strengths and weaknesses of each. The five systems needed to successfully run the nostalgic record store include:

Small Business Accounting System

Low-end, preferably Software-as-a-Service (SaaS)-based CM system

E-Commerce Web Store

Transaction-oriented Point-Of-Sales System

Merchandise Inventory Management and Pricing Software System

Both the benefits and drawbacks of each of these systems are analyzed in this proposal.

Benefits and…… [Read More]


Bernoff, J., & Li, C. (2008). Harnessing the power of the oh-so-social web. MIT Sloan Management Review, 49(3), 36-42.

Limbasan, A., & Rusu, L. (2011). Implementing SaaS solution for CRM. Informatica Economica, 15(2), 175-183.

Sarapovas, T., & Cvilikas, A. (2008). The evaluation of e-commerce impact on business efficiency. Baltic Journal of Management, 3(1), 71-91.

Wichmann, H. (1983). Accounting and marketing - key small business problems. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, 7(4), 19-19.
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Accounting Questions and Answers

Words: 1232 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 51951868

financial crisis was abusive off-balance sheet accounting. Abusive off-balance sheet accounting led to a daisy chain of ineffective and dysfunctional decision-making because it removed transparency from regulators, investors, and markets. Spread of derivative transactions, bad loans, and securitizations brought a once stable financial system to the edge of ruin. While improvements have been made, the FASB's guidelines suffer from two main flaws. The first is lack of congressional mandate. With no clear congressional mandate, FASB and SEC guidelines remain subject to the same type of interpretation that led to the growth of 'regulatory arbitrage' or what others may pen as financial engineering, meaning shifting debts off-balance sheets. This means a company must consolidate a VIE only when it possesses 'control' and has the right to receive benefits and access to VIE's 'most pertinent activities' making the design of the guidelines qualitative in nature (Stickney, 2010).

The guidelines then require assumptions…… [Read More]


Larkin, R. & Ditommaso, M. (2016). Wiley Not-for-Profit GAAP 2016. Wiley.

Ramanna, K. (2016). Why "Fair Value" Is the Rule. Harvard Business Review. Retrieved 24 October 2016, from

Shaik, K. (2014). Managing Derivatives Contracts. Berkeley, CA: Apress.

Stickney, C. (2010). Financial accounting. Mason, OH, USA: South-Western Cengage Learning.
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Accounting When it Comes to

Words: 1792 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 80183848

When it comes to standard costing, what is referred to as a standard cost is assigned the costs (actual) of manufacturing overhead, direct labor as well as direct material. In this case, these costs are not assigned to a product. It therefore follows that amounts mirroring standard costs are what become identified first in regard to the cost of goods sold as well as inventories of a given manufacturer. In this case, it can also be noted that standard costing is regarded a rather important tool of management. Incase of any variance, the top leadership of the organization immediately becomes aware of the variation between planned/standard costs and manufacturing costs.


The information provided by cost accounting is critical when it comes to the effective management of an organization. Without such information, decision making would become an equivalent of operating in the dark for most businesses. For instance, firms would…… [Read More]


Brammertz, W., Akkizidis. L., Breymann, W., Entin, R. & Rustmann, M. (2009). Unified Financial Analysis: The Missing Links of Finance. West Sussex: John Wiley & Sons.

Drury, C. (2007). Management and Cost Accounting (7th ed.). London: Cengage Learning EMEA.

Needles, B.E., Powers, M. & Crosson, S.V. (2010). Principles of Accounting (11th ed.). Mason, OH: Cengage Learning.

Siegel, J.G. & Shim, J.K. (2000). Accounting Handbook (3rd ed.). New York: Barron's Educational Series.
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Information Technology Managerial and Organizational

Words: 8439 Length: 26 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 23687198

Another study found that there are many different strategies that are utilized when information technology is developed within the federal government and many of these tend to come not from the top managers but from the management instead (Gupta, Holladay, & Mahoney, 2000).

Much of this has to do with the fact that the top managers in the federal government are often political appointees and therefore know somewhat less about the inner workings of the organization when it comes to specific technological systems (Gupta, Holladay, & Mahoney, 2000). The middle managers are the ones who generally look for strategies to develop other types of information technology and are often comparable to the end users within other studies (Gupta, Holladay, & Mahoney, 2000). Unlike the managers who deal specifically with management information systems, or the other executive managers within the company, these middle managers actually understand many of the challenges and…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Adams, a. & Sasse, M.A. (1999). Users Are Not the Enemy. Communications of the ACM, 42(12), 40-46.

Bocco, G., and Sanchez, R. (1995). Quantifying urban growth using GIS: The case of Tijuana, Mexico (1973-1993). Geo Info Systems 5(10), 18-19.

Bohnet, D. (1995). Integration of socio-economic data into GIS -- a case study of the CRDA. Proceedings of the AfricaGIS 95 conference, Abidjan, March 5-10.

Broadbent, M., Weill, P., & St. Clair, D. (1999) the Implications of Information Technology Infrastructure for Business Process Redesign. MIS Quarterly, 23(2), 159-182.
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Accounting Systems Their Tradeoffs and Discusses the

Words: 936 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 32923663

accounting systems, their tradeoffs, and discusses the differences between countries in their approaches.

Each of the cost accounting systems discussed in the articles accomplishes some management goals better than other systems, but there are tradeoffs involved with each. Different nations approach their cost accounting systems differently due at least in part to differences within cultures. For instance, GP is more suited to countries where the culture is one of uncertainty avoidance, one of the five dimensions of Hofstede's taxonomy. GP offers the most uncertainty avoidance because there is relatively little ambiguity in the assignment of costs; GP is characterized by narrowly defined cost centers and strict cost center criteria. Cultures such as Germany's are characterized by a management environment that includes highly skilled workers and technical expertise among managers. This is in contrast to the U.S. where workers tend to have more generalist skill sets and managers have been educated…… [Read More]

Krumwiede, Kip & Suessmair, Augustin, (2008). A closer look at German cost accounting methods: a survey of the cost management systems used by companies in Germany, Switzerland, and Austria. Management Accounting Quarterly. Retrieved July 26, 2010, from bxcra.2.a.55

Lockhart, Julie & Taylor, Audrey, (2007). Environmental considerations in product mix decisions using ABC and TOC. Management Accounting Quarterly.

Portz, K. & Lere, J.C. 2010. Cost Center Practices in Germany and the United States: Impact of Country Differences on Managerial Accounting Practices. American Journal of Business. Muncie: Spring, 2010. Vol. 25, Iss. 1; pg. 45.
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Information Security Evaluation for OSI Systems a Case Study

Words: 4698 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 79647966


An analysis of IT policy transformation

The aim of this project is to evaluate the effectiveness of information security policy in the context of an organization, OSI Systems, Inc. With presence in Africa, Australia, Canada, England, Malaysia and the United States, OSI Systems, Inc. is a worldwide company based in California that develops and markets security and inspection systems such as airport security X-ray machines and metal detectors, medical monitoring anesthesia systems, and optoelectronic devices. The company is also represented by three subsidiary divisions in offices and plants dedicated to the brands, apiscan Systems, OSI Optoelectronics and SpaceLabs Healthcare.

In 2010, OSI, Inc. had sales of $595 million with net income of over $25 million. As of June 2010, the company was comprised of 2,460 personnel globally. The parent company provides oversight and fiscal control to the different divisions, and is connected through its virtual network world-wide intranet system;…… [Read More]


Allen, J. (2005). Governing for Security: Project Stakeholders Interests. News at SEI. Retrieved on 5SEPT10 from 

Computer Misuse Law, 2006. Parliament UK. Retrieved from: 

Diver, S. (2006). Information Security Policy -- A Development Guide for Large and Small Companies. SANS Institute InfoSec Reading Room. Retrieved on 30 Sept 10 from

Global IT Policy (2009) OSI, Inc.