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He sounds arrogant in his advocacy of the value of his parentage before men of less high birth then himself. Ulysses cites his mission to Priam to make peace, through his persuasive skills, as one reason he ought to have the armor, and his good counsel during the war. He appeals to the battle-weary mindset of his audience, which has seen many years of conflict and has just lost its best warrior, rather than appeals with the military rhetoric that is only likely to inspire men who have never seen military battle, or who are fresh and eager to fight because they are sure of victory. Jupiter commands us to stop fighting, says sad Ulysses, yet Ajax continues to keep fighting with the same spirit. Also, Ajax claims every victory as his own, even though every Greek great and small has some hand in every victory.
Moreover, "my loving wife…
When Web Services are created as part of a broader SOA initiative however, Chief Information officers (CIOs) and their staffs concentrate on setting a minimal level of performance for these specific aspects of AJAX performance.
There are also the issues of security (Chan, 2006) and the need for continually improving CSS performance and integration (Serrano, Aroztegi, 2007). The AJAX development language and its environments including uby on ails (Bachle, Kirchberg, 2007) however will revolutionize Search (Wusteman, O'hlceadha, 2006) and also create entirely new approaches to aligning business strategies with Web applications, as is evident in the direction of SOA architectures today. Far from being centered only on the development of applications shielded within the four walls of a company, the best AJAX developments are reaching out to integrate supply chain partners, value chain constituents and distribution channel partners to enable greater levels of agility in business models and value…
Michael Bachle, Paul Kirchberg. (2007). Ruby on Rails. IEEE Software,
Josh Bernoff, Charlene Li. (2008). Harnessing the Power of the Oh-So-Social Web. MIT Sloan Management Review, 49(3), 36-42.
Vinayak Borkar, Michael Carey, Nitin Managementani, Denny McKinney, et al. (2006). XML Data Services. International Journal of Web Services Research, 3(1), 85-95.
While he cites examples of companies which have been able to create brand differentiation in an undifferentiated market, such as Foster Farms for chickens, his spending in this area does not make sense. Since he already controls a significant portion of deep-water lobster, which is regarded as high-quality by a price-insensitive market, he should do whatever he can to improve supply to this end of the market.
The specific steps that Graziano should consider include:
Additional acquisitions of wholesale capacity
Increasing financing of working capital, which could constrain his sales expansion
Consider expanding his marketing to other high-margin markets which support his high-quality product. This should especially include Europe and Japan, which seem to pay twice as much for product. If shipping is an issue, he has the resources to discover how to ship and store to these markets.
In addition, Graziano should drop certain activities. It makes no sense…
Perrier Company and Ajax minerals. It discusses the factors that resisted the change in these organization. It also analyzes the effectiveness of the approach adapted by Ajax minerals to manage change resistance. In addition to that, this paper proposes ways through which these organizations can manage change in an effective manner.
Ajax Minerals is a mining company in the United States of America. Even though the company is operating at its full capacity but it is not cost efficient and it is expected that within a period of three to four years the Pacific im Companies, which is a competitive group for Ajax Minerals, would mine and ship the same group of minerals to United States of America at a cost which would be lower than the cost incurred by Ajax minerals in the extraction of minerals from the ground.
Ajax Management had a poor history of change…
Blackard, K. (2000). Managing Change in a Unionized Workplace: Countervailing Collaboration. [e-book] Denver: Greenwood Press. p. 83. http://books.google.com.pk/books?id=yUFzQmAyjgUC&pg=PA83&lpg=PA83&dq=how+do+unions+resist+change&source=bl&ots=-oJcYO1gvO&sig=JZilh2wgLehLY1_Q3i3CjfCYxUI&hl=en&sa=X&ei=h2sPUvbtFcKI4ASI_YCADw&ved=0CCwQ6AEwATgK#v=onepage&q=how%20do%20unions%20resist%20change&f=false .
Lunenburg, F. (2010). Forces for and Resistance to Organizational Change. National Forum Of Educational Administration And Supervision Journal, 27 (4), p. 5. Retrieved from: http://www.nationalforum.com/Electronic%20Journal%20Volumes/Lunenburg,%20Fred%20C.%20Forces%20For%20and%20Resistance%20to%20Change%20NFEASJ%20V27%20N4%202010.pdf.
Unknown. (2011). Change Management; Resistance to Change. Docstoc. pp. 11-13. http://www.docstoc.com/docs/18867572/Change-Management-Issue-Resistance-to-Change.
Unknown. (2011). How to manage change. London: Acas. pp. 1-16. http://www.acas.org.uk/media/pdf/d/b/Acas_How_to_manage_change (Jan_10)-accessible-version-Nov-2011.pdf.
To make sure there was as little variation introduced, Ruby on Rails was used as the programming language. Ruby on Rails supports TCP/IP and XML network integration through an Application Programmer Interface (API). The APIs to support TCP/IP and XML have been used for several years. As a result they are considered highly reliable and more accurate than other coding language APIs.
With the test-bed created, the AJAX applet created, and the TCP/IP and XML networks configured, this phase is where the actual testing is completed. A scorecard to measure the performance of the HTML and AJAX application performance is created. Next, the Cisco analyzer is programmed to measure HTML and AJAX application performance over each network. The Cisco analyzer is first tested on the XML network to make sure it can randomly send packets successfully. Once this has been done, a test of the TCP/IP network is…
Asynchronous JAVA Script & XML (AJAX)
An inclusive list of references is also offered on how traditional web application load unnecessary volume of information, but with utilizing AJAX download page design and fast upload of new data, which can reduce application's bandwidth by amount of data transfer. There…
Holub, A. (2006). AJAX is no panacea. Software Development Times, (145), 37-37. Retrieved fromhttp://search.proquest.com/docview/232485278?accountid=13044
Kantor, S., & Writer, S. (2004, Oct 06). For couple, one choice: Do without; with their health insurance gone, a burnsville couple faces their medical problems without support. And they're not alone. Star Tribune, pp. 17.S-17S. Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com/docview/427665134?accountid=13044
Marchetto, A., Ricca, F., & Tonella, P. (2008). A case study-based comparison of web testing techniques applied to AJAX web applications. International Journal on Software Tools for Technology Transfer, 10(6), 477-477-492. doi:10.1007/s10009-008-0086-x
Powell, T.A. (2008). 10 things network staff need to know about ajax. Network World, 25(13), 36-36,38. Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com/docview/215998466?accountid=13044
This is a separate problem from the system being hacked. Managers may also be far too unaware of the ease in which cellphone networks can be hacked (Hacker Cracks T-Mobile Network). Certainly being aware of the ways in which cellphone and other electronic systems can be hacked or infiltrated in other ways. Such technical attacks can be relatively more easily addressed. Hacking is nearly as old as computer technology itself -- and thus so are anti-hacking measures. Like the constant battle to evolve faster between antibiotics and bacteria, hackers and security specialists are in a similar battle to get ahead of each other. But such measures will not address in any way the problem outlines above of how to know who is in possession of the mobile devices at any given time.
Solutions to Ajax's organizational risks
The primary way in which to remedy the potential organizational problems outlined above…
Hacker Cracks T-Mobile Network. (2005, January 13). The Boston Globe. Retrieved from Http://www.boston.com/business/technology/articles/2005/01/13/hacker_cracks_t_mobile_network .
Kahneman, D. & Lovallo, D. Timid choices and bold forecasts: A cognitive perspective on risk taking. Management science 39(1): 17-31.
Organizational Risk Factors, retrieved 22 March 2010 from http://www.cgsst.com/eng/risk-factors/organizational-risk-factors.asp
he main character of the novel, Sula, has always been in search of true love. She tried to seek compassion and love from many different sources, but every time had to face disappointment and failure. She had relationships and contacts with many people but the outcome was always unpleasant.
In her childhood she came close to Nel and eventually they both became best friends. he family background of both girls was different and contrasting yet they shared a strong bond and relationship. hey were friends since childhood but the incident where Sula accidently killed Chicken Little (drowned in the river and the girls decided to keep quite) changed their whole lives. hey started to get apart after this incident, as the differences in their personalities became visible and evident. Both of the friends took different decisions about their future lives. After ten years when Sula came back to Bottom,…
The tunnel was a source of earning livings by people especially by black African natives. They were appointed to build the tunnel. The tunnel was also known as new river road. This tunnel was a symbol of hope and respect for the people of town. It motivated and encouraged them that they will be able to get the equal rights and the world will acknowledge their presence. They also felt that they will have money to fulfill the needs and desires of their families. But all these hope and motivation ended when they had to face constant racism and discrimination from the white people. The white people were interested in destroying the land of black people and build a golf course.
Every year the Suicide Day was celebrated by the people of Bottom in order to get their rights of freedom. The writer demonstrated the civil rights movement during the period of World War I and World War II in the novel.
In 1941, people got aggressive as a result of the negative responses from the government about their rights. The black people were tired of facing and tolerating continuous discrimination, and as a result they marched towards the tunnel and destroyed the whole structure. The tunnel was ruined and destroyed and many lives were also lost during that riot.
Blackboard collaborators are primarily divided into three categories: members, partners and channel partners or resellers. "Members are typically Independent Software Vendors (ISVs) who independently develop and market software solutions to extend the Blackboard applications. Partners strategically invest in and collaborate with us to deliver joint solutions to our clients. Channel Partners/Resellers are primarily focused on international sales and distribution of Blackboard software and services."
Blackboard continually collaborates with universities in order to get feedback and improve the products. Among the universities which collaborate with the manufacturer are the University of British Columbia or Princeton
Blackboard collaborates with Microsoft and they have even formed an alliance in order to improve the quality of the e-learning process. "Students and faculty using Blackboard's learning platform, built on Microsoft.NET technologies, will be able to more easily integrate a wider array of academic resources in a learning environment tailored to their individual needs and…
Mark, R., 2001, Microsoft, Blackboard Create e-Learning Alliance, Internet News, http://www.internetnews.com/bus-news/article.php/751121,last accessed on November 12, 2007
Munoz, K.D., Van Duzer, J., 2005, Blackboard v. Moodle: A Comparison of Satisfaction with Online Teaching and Learning Tools, Humboldt State University, http://www.humboldt.edu/~jdv1/moodle/all.htm , last accessed on November 9, 2007
Zacker, Higher LMS market penetration: Moodle vs. Blackboard + WebCT vs. Sakai, http://zacker.org/higher-ed-lms-market-penetration-moodle-vs.-blackboard-vs.-sakai, last accessed on November 12, 2007
2007, Blackboard Inc. Website, http://www.blackboard.com , last accessed on November 9, 2007
The requirements are more specific in terms of the size and placement of the fire extinguishers. These shall be located no further than 75 ft (23 m) from the Class D hazard. In this case, the placement of the fire extinguishers will be determined by the location of the metal fabrication facilities. Assuming that these are located in the center of the room, and that the distance from the center to the corners is not longer than 75 ft, the fire extinguishers can be located in the four corners of each of the rooms in which the metals are produced. The size will be determined by the particular metals being produced, however, it appears that 40 should be sufficiently strong to counter a potential fire hazard.
All fire extinguishers will be inspected every 30 days, with regular maintenance every year. Given the class of fire hazard, regular maintenance can be…
1. Fire Alarm System Categories. On the Internet at http://www.sdfirealarms.co.uk/fire-alarm-systems-categories. Last retrieved on August 17, 2011
2. NFPA 10. On the Internet at http://www.minhbao.com.vn/userfiles/file/A-%20NFPA_10 (2).pdf. Last retrieved on August 17, 2011
Fire Alarm System Categories. On the Internet at http://www.sdfirealarms.co.uk/fire-alarm-systems-categories. Last retrieved on August 17, 2011
NFPA 10. On the Internet at
These are the researchers who completed the HTML, DHTML vs. AJAX application performance on XML (Yang, Liao, Fang, 2007) and the XML network optimization research completed across a replicated server and transaction-based methodology (Smullen, Smullen, 2009). Efforts will be made to collaborate with these researchers to learn from their expertise that has not been published in their analyses and also to collaborate on how to capture XML network optimization concepts and AJAX programming best practices that can further accentuate and strengthen the results of this analysis.
During the project the following data will be gathered:
XML network performance measures and analysis across a randomized set of load factors using four-square network configuration of open source Web Application Servers running on the Linux operating system.
AJAX Widget performance using SQL queries randomized to replicate the activity of a distributed order management system.
Use of network analyzers to evaluate packet traffic efficiency…
Bernoff, J., and C. Li. 2008. Harnessing the Power of the Oh-So-Social Web. MIT Sloan Management Review 49, no. 3, Last accessed 23 November 2009, 36-42.
Bachle, M., and P. Kirchberg. 2007. Ruby on Rails. IEEE Software 24, no. 6, Last accessed 26 November 2009, 105.
Choi, R., and R. Wong. 2009. Efficient Filtering of Branch Queries for High-Performance XML Data Services. Journal of Database Management 20, no. 2, Last accessed 27 November 2009, 58-83.
Groppe, S., J. Groppe, S. Bottcher, T. Wycisk, and L. Gruenwald. 2009. Optimizing the execution of XSLT stylesheets for querying transformed XML data. Knowledge and Information Systems 18, no. 3, Last accessed 26 November 2009, 331-391.
The implications of security payloads and overheads on the performance of optimized XML networks (Choi, Wong, 2009) are inherent in the continual design of XML standards and protocols attempting to compress these elements and optimize their performance. The integration of security into Business Reporting Language (XBRL) is having a minimal impact on overall performance of XML networks overall, as the features in this standard are compressed (Piechocki, Felden, Graning, Debreceny, 2009). Compression is also specifically used with the XML key management specification to increase performance (Ekelhart, Fenz, Goluch, Steinkellner, Weippl, 2008). Compression algorithms are used for shrinking the contents of data containers, packets and messages so they are more compact, which increases transmission speed and accuracy. The development and continual support for XML within Web Services has transformed transactional workflows from being simplistic to be multifaceted, supporting the development of trading networks (Kangasharju, Lindholm, Tarkoma, 2008). As a result of…
One of the best examples of a mash-up being made possible by the AJAX programming language is the work of Dr. Hans Rosling and his apMinder program at apminder.org (Phelps, Cseh, 2009). Dr. Rosling has taken the data set from the United Nations and added in analytics to determine the correlation of income to health. He is a regular speaker at TED (Technology, Entertainment & Design) Conferences and is considered one of the top 20 presenters of all time at this distinguished and prestigious global conference. His insights into the correlation of income and health have been widely used by governments globally and he is a frequent lecturer at the U.S. State Department. Dr. Rosling's insights are well worth listening to on the TED site and also working with his apminder.org application as well. If JAX had not been invented and the rapid gains in programming performance not achieved, it…
Given the fact that users have come to expect more and more data being available in their Web-based applications and the delivery of it to be personalized and fast, AJAX has also been expanded to support much greater levels of integration as well (Robertson, Saxton, Van Gucht, Vansummeren, 2009). This aspect of being able to integrate data from XML data streams for other Web applications' use, integrating to legacy systems in companies and also from Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) systems for pricing and product data for example, is establishing AJAX as a standard in corporations. As more corporations adopt AJAX as a standard there will continue to be more integration options defined and greater use of mash-ups in mainstream Web applications as a result. This is going to greatly enrich the user experience online as it will present data in entirely new contexts and with entirely new relationships.
Impact of Web-based Application Development on Society
Google fans globally don't realize it but they are reaping the benefits of AJAX application development advances daily (MacVittie, 2007). Google has customized their own version of AJAX, which is called Python. The Google version of AJAX is quickly revolutionizing how the world searches out and finds information online. In speaking previously about how quickly Internet users' expectations are increasing with regard to application performance, AJAX is a catalyst of these expectations growing continually. The one areas this is particularly true is in social networking applications including Facebook, Friendfeed, Twitter and many others discussed in Appendix B of this paper. AJAX is making it possible for these applications to deliver real-time updates and also stay secure and reliable enough to scale
C. Product Improvement and New Products
As the Web Content Monetization System has yet to be launched there are no significant product improvements committed to prospects or customers yet. It is common during this phase of a new systems' development to have a series of 2nd and 3rd generation product enhancements which will be added over the systems' life. It is highly advisable that a Customer Advisory Council be created that seeks to gain insights and intelligence from the top twenty content providers globally to ensure the subsequent system configurations and plans are consistent with their specific needs.
The initial design and development budget are shown in Table 1. This includes the costs of the development of the Web content management application, distributed order management system, AJAX security testing and audits to ensure the payment gateways are secure, multi-taxonomy support for content providers' unique approaches to organizing their…
John Clyman. (2005, December). Better Web-App Interfaces with AJAX; A new approach to building Web applications promises a richer experience for users. PC Magazine, 24(23), 76. Link: http://www.pcmag.com/article2/0,2817,1892662,00.asp
Gutierrez, C., Rosado, D., & Fernandez-Medina, E.. (2009). The practical application of a process for eliciting and designing security in web service systems. Information and Software Technology, 51(12), 1712.
McBeath, D.. (2007). The publishing [R]evolution. Journal of Digital Asset Management, 3(5), 231-238.
Mitakos, T., & Almaliotis, I.. (2009). A Modular Logic Approach for Expressing Web Services in XML Applying Dynamic Rules in XML. Informatica Economica, 13(4), 129-136.
Nature in Troilus and Cressida
Both Troilus and Cressida and The inter's Tale deal with nature as an allegory for human nature. Many kinds of metaphors are used, from the classically romantic, to the dirty joke, to positive and negative portrayals of personalities. Many of the most powerful metaphors are in the initial portion of the play.
In Act I, Scene I, of Troilus and Cressida, Troilus compares being observed by his father and Hector to "as when the sun doth light a storm" (line 31). Presumably his inner turmoil over his love for Cressida is the storm, and his false good humor is the light in the storm. This implies that nature can be false, as well. Later in the same discussion, Troilus says his hopes are drowned, again using the depths of the ocean as an expression of his emotions (line 37). Later he compares Cressida to a…
Rubinstein, F. (1995). A Dictionary of Shakespeare's Sexual Puns and Their Significance. London: Palgrave Macmillan.
It is the most ambitious option yet also the greatest in terms of retaining and gaining customers over time. It would literally include integrating supply chain, pricing, manufacturing, logistics, field service and customer service all together into an enterprise platform. In effect a Service oriented Architecture (SOA) with integration to Cloud Computing services and platforms (Birch, 37) would need to be completed. This would also rely on real-time data from manufacturing and distribution through FID systems integration which would in effect many the entire company customer-centric and demand-driven (Wang, Chen, Xie, 2512, 2513).
Clearly the option of doing nothing is not acceptable as Web 2.0 technologies, the catalyst behind social networks, combined with Web Services and streamlined XML messaging, are revolutionizing the use of mobile computing platforms. To do nothing is invite customer churn given how quickly customer preferences are changing for using mobile computing channels to communicate with,…
Bernoff, J., and C. Li. "Harnessing the Power of the Oh-So-Social Web. " MIT Sloan Management Review 49.3 (2008): 36-42.
(see attachment for this reference)
Birch, D. "The future - mobile channel and clouds. " Financial World 1 Dec. 2009
The future - mobile channel and clouds
0 technologies (O'Reilly, 2006) and social networking (Bernoff, Li, 2008). Countering the growth projections is the economic recession which positions the market for -1% revenue growth in 2010 rebounding in 2001.
Figure 1: Software-as-a-Service Revenue Growth & Forecast (2009 -- 2014)
Revenue $ Million
Implications of SaaS doption & Growth for Business & Organizational Models
s the economics of information technologies is being reordered due to the exceptionally fast growth of SaaS-based development platforms and applications the implications for businesses and organizations is strategic. Most fundamentally is the availability of enterprise-level applications which can be paid for using Operating Expense (OPEX) accounting principles, no longer requiring Capital Equipment expenditures, sometimes called CPEX. This has taken the power of information technologies and applications out of the hands of the CIO and given it to…
All of these factors of growth however need to be tempered with the fact that there is significant aversion to risk on the part of CIOs as they see SaaS as too risky to put their enterprise-wide, often customer-centric data on. What makes security such a concern for CIOs is that SaaS is a very powerful political undercurrent that in many cases is making their roles all the more challenging. SaaS has had widespread reliability problems, some of them so great that salesforce.com took the exceptionally open step of creating a website called trust.salesforce.com as CEO Marc Benioff believes that trust is so important for his frims' platform that reliability must be regularly communicated. Yet the factors that led to the lack of reliability is what has CIOs and even some CEOs nervous about SaaS. What Salesforce.com was facing was a lack of scalability in their servers and also a lack of scalability for the multi-tenant SaaS architecture they had installed in 2003. Their reliability issues began in 2005 and eventually were minimized through the use of server virtualization and optimization of the core applications. Twitter, a social networking application, is single-tenant today and crashes periodically. Clearly as a SaaS platform Twitter must go multi-tenant by design to alleviate this reliability issue.
All of these issues of scalability, repeatability of processes and stability of the SaaS platform have critics of the platform commenting that it is only a matter of time until there is a widespread data breach. In fact SaaS-based applications at Salesforce.com have never been breached.
The U.S. And global governments continue to evaluate
0 is "…a broad name used for a number of different experiments that are being done in the research community" (eddy & Goodman, 2002, p. 12). The emphasis here is in 'experiment' as Web 2.0 is a platform for the testing of new applications and innovation, as well as being an area for research and development in education and science.
The differences in the way that Web 2.0 functions can be seen in the concept of the Internet as a new platform or environment. This is a concept that exceeds the idea that a new Internet would merely offer new applications that would be in essence an extension of Internet 1.0. As Tim O'eilly and John Battelle note, Web 2.0 means "… building applications that literally get better the more people use them, harnessing network effects not only to acquire users, but also to learn from them and build on…
Anderson a. ( 2007) What is Web 2.0? Ideas, technologies and implications for Education. Technology and Standards Watch, Feb. 2007. Retrieved from http://www.jisc.ac.uk/media/documents/techwatch/tsw0701b.pdf
Atchison S. (2007) Are You Chasing the Web 2.0 Trend? Part 2. Retrieved from http://www.clickz.com/3626152
Bogatin B. ( 2007) Web 2.0 Social Networks: Cool but marginal and unprofitable?
Retrieved from http://blogs.zdnet.com/micro-markets/?p=1062 )
Sage, who has seen how costly application customization can be, has created a series of template-based charts of accounts, with the last count indicating they had over 70 of Charts of Accounts that could be quickly used by customers to customize for their business. Sage has also seen that inordinate customization of software can lead to a lack of adoption; hence their motivation for creating a library that can easily be used by customers. As Peachtree suffered from an exceptionally bad reputation for usability in its first several product generations on the Microsoft Windows platform (Collins, 2006), Sage is attempting to overcome these limitations through intensive investment in ergonomics and usability. Adding to these efforts include the development of an Online Knowledgebase and Help Center, in addition to the development of AJAX-based microsites that interlink content together. All of these sources of data are in turn integrated via XML to…
Bernoff, J., & Li, C.. (2008). Harnessing the Power of the Oh-So-Social Web. MIT Sloan Management Review, 49(3), 36-42.
J Carlton Collins. (2006). Small Business Software Grows Up. Journal of Accountancy, 201(3), 50
Yu Cong, & Hui Du. (2007). Welcome to the World of Web 2.0. The CPA Journal, 77(5), 6,8-10.
Michael Giardina. (2004). Buying Software: Look for What's Right, Not for What's 'Best'. The CPA Journal, 74(3), 10.
The CIO as strategist however is most tested when an entirely new enterprise-wide system is installed and then launched. The most complex and costly of these and the one that requires the greatest change to existing systems, processes and roles of people is an Enterprise esource Planning (EP) system. The functions of an EP system are quite varied depending on the specific requirements of a company's business model. The core functionality of them however focus on coordinating suppliers throughout a firms' supply chain, then synchronizing their forecasts and shipment data with production schedules and customer deliveries. The key success factors involved in such an enterprise-wide system implementation require the CIO to think purely as business strategist if the most critical factors are to be addressed and the system implementation succeed (Ngai, Law, Wat, 2008).
The essence of any successful use of IT systems throughout an enterprise is to first…
EWT Ngai, CCH Law, FKT Wat. (2008). Examining the critical success factors in the adoption of enterprise resource planning. Computers in Industry, 59(6), 548.
Ken Peffers, Charles E. Gengler. (2003). How to identify new high-payoff information systems for the organization. Association for Computing Machinery. Communications of the ACM, 46(1), 83-88.
Nicolas Serrano, Juan Pablo Aroztegi. (2007). Ajax Frameworks in Interactive Web Apps. IEEE Software, 24(5), 12-14.
Zucker, D.F. (2007). 'What Does AJAX Mean for You?', ACM Interactions, Sept-Oct, 2007, pp: 10-12.
0, encompassing data aggregation, the ability to manage projections of data from content repositories and the ability to create cross-products or mash-ups. The article's title connotes this ambitious direction, and the author delivers with some excellent insights as well. The article concludes with the section, the User-Oriented Web: A Total Perspective section that discusses how aggregation, projection and mashups will impact users, the author ties together the progression of technological developments from a technological and process standpoint effectively. The significance of the article is both as a refresher of key concepts but also of explanations of how to web gadgets are going to revolutionize Web application development as well.
This is an excellent article for refreshing ones' knowledge of the core building blocks of Web software development, in addition to defining how best to interpret and put into context the rapidly growing popularity of AJAX in the context…
TV Raman. (2009).Toward Web 2(w), Beyond Web 2.0. Association for Computing Machinery. Communications of the ACM, 52(2), 52.
Blog entry: http://xml-applications.blogspot.com/2009/01/toward-2w-beyond-web-20-rest-of-story_7874.html
For the C-level executive team at Oasis the most critical strategic decision with regard to Web 2.0 technologies is processes, systems and functional areas can take the greatest advantage of their benefits. It is clear that the globally-based distributed order management process could be much more collaborative given its breadth of activity across so many manufacturing centers. The need for creating a collaborative distributed order management system globally is what differentiates best-in-class manufacturers from those that struggle to stay profitable (Alt, Gizanis, Legner, 2005). The use of Web 2.0-based applications for enabling greater levels of collaboration globally in the Oasis product development teams is also a high priority, as this specific process is essential for the new product development and introduction (NPDI) process to be effective. The rapid adoption of collaborative new product development processes has continued to revolutionize the development of new products and services, and has been particularly…
Adel M. Aladwani. 2001. Change management strategies for successful ERP implementation. Business Process Management Journal 7, no. 3, (January 1): 266-275.
Rainer Alt, Dimitrios Gizanis, and Christine Legner. 2005. Collaborative order management: toward standard solutions for interorganisational order management. International Journal of Technology Management 31, no. 1,2, (January 1): 78-97.
Bernoff, J., and C. Li. 2008. Harnessing the Power of the Oh-So-Social Web. MIT Sloan Management Review 49, no. 3, (April 1): 36-42.
(Brown, He, 2007)
This constraint engine could also be used for specifically designing upper limits as to how many total sessions to allow to be created given the constraint of professor time and availability. In addition, the Web-based college or university registration system also needs to have a front-end interface or graphical user interface that is intuitive enough for the first-year or freshman students to navigate yet robust enough in functionality to allow students who are pursuing master's and PhD level studies to also schedule independent study and consultation times with their professors. There must be a degree of flexibility in the system design to specifically allow for this type of role-based access and use, from the entry-level freshman to the advanced master's and PhD-level students. To ensure the system is used correctly and there is sufficient security, it is also critically important for the design to allow for role-based and authentication-based use…
Stefano Ceri, Florian Daniel, Maristella Matera, & Federico M. Facca. (2007). Model-driven development of context-aware Web applications. ACM Transactions on Internet Technology, 7(1), 2.
Moez Limayem, Mohamed Khalifa, & Wynne W. Chin. (2004). CASE Tools Usage and Impact on System Development Performance. Journal of Organizational Computing and Electronic Commerce, 14(3), 153-175.
Ioana Manolescu, Marco Brambilla, Stefano Ceri, Sara Comai, & Piero Fraternali. (2005). Model-driven design and deployment of service-enabled web applications. ACM Transactions on Internet Technology, 5(3), 439.
Mattsson, a., Lundell, B., Lings, B., & Fitzgerald, B.. (2009). Linking Model-Driven Development and Software Architecture: A Case Study. IEEE Transactions on Software Engineering, 35(1), 83-93.
Most well-known was obert Scoble of Microsoft.
With the 2004 U.S. Presidential elections, blogs' growth accelerated dramatically as nearly every news network, candidate in both U.S. Senate and House of epresentative races, and political pundit has their own blog competing for the publics' attention. The era of 2004 to today in fact has created a blogging industry that is pervasive in its availability of publishing platforms (USC Annenberg School of Journalism) and also in its readers for organizing and aggregating content of interest (Boeri, 2007).
Since 2004, technologies have emerged for completing text mining of blogs to find linguistic patterns in the mass of posts and also build linguistic models that represent public opinion. The use of latent semantic indexing as a technology has become prevalent as a result.
Wikis are also a form of consumer-generated media and were initially developed in 1994 with the first Wiki being introduced in…
Josh Bernoff, Charlene Li. 2008. Harnessing the Power of the Oh-So-Social Web. MIT Sloan Management Review 49, no. 3 (April 1): 36-42. http://www.proquest.com (Accessed March 14, 2009)
Robert Boeri. (2007, December). Content 2.0 Converges. EContent, 30(10), 22.
Retrieved March 21, 2009, from ABI/INFORM Global database. (Document ID: 1394701741).
Eric Bonabeau. (2009). Decisions 2.0: the Power of Collective Intelligence. MIT Sloan Management Review, 50(2), 45-52. Retrieved March 20, 2009, from ABI/INFORM Global database. (Document ID: 1625861001).
Migrate off of any individualized content management systems and processes not integrated to a single portal platform for greater cost and time savings in administration. Olson (32) provides an excellent case study on how universities are making use of open source portal applications to alleviate redundant and often conflicting data in multiple portals on an IBM WebSphere platform
Define and build out a portal development plan that encompasses all shared processes across the project areas.
As Murphy and Columbus state, re-organize content by the context of each dominant workflow, and this could include larger, more complex projects as defined by Aquarius Marketing first, then align to the customer-facing processes to ensure the highest levels of efficiency and responsiveness.
Development of a portal roadmap that allows for eventual move to Web Services based on a Service Oriented Architecture, giving Aquarius Marketing greater scalability than if a single, stand-alone application was chosen.…
Paucar-Caceres, R Rodriguez-Ulloa. 2007. An application of Soft Systems Dynamics Methodology (SSDM). The Journal of the Operational Research Society 58, no. 6 (June 1): 701-713. http://www.proquest.com . Accessed January 20, 2008).
Checkland, M Winter. 2006. Process and content: two ways of using SSM. The Journal of the Operational Research Society 57, no. 12 (December 1): 1435-1441.
Obviously, some kind of
intense action is taking place in the narrative along with music ("What
struggle to escape?" "What pipes and timbrels?" "What wild ecstasy?"),
perhaps some type of a festival or religious celebration or possibly a
The second scene (lines 11-30) begins with more music ("Ye soft
pipes, play on") while some "fair" youths, perhaps blonde-haired like the
original Greeks, sit beneath some trees. Line 22 indicates that the
narrative is occurring in the spring ("Nor ever bid the Spring adieu"); the
remaining lines indicate once again some kind of amoral celebration, such
as youths, both male and female, enjoying a sexual tryst beneath the trees
The third scene (lines 31-40) clearly indicates that the narrative is
indeed a religious celebration ("coming to the sacrifice," "green altar"
"mysterious priest") and that the sacrifice for this heathen celebration is
a "heifer" or a young cow.…
Stokstad, Marilyn. Art History. Vol. 1. New York: Prentice-Hall, 1995.
It is well-known that evil people exist in the world. These sociopaths have no values. They do not care who they harm or how. Fortunately, there are few individuals like this who have no conscience. Most people are instead shades of good and bad. They are not always good, nor are they always bad. At times their behavior is exceptional; other times they may say or do something wrong toward someone else. The book Sula by Toni Morrison highlights these blends of human persona. "The narrative [Sula] insistently blurs and confuses . . . binary oppositions. It glories in paradox and ambiguity beginning with the prologue that describes the setting, the Bottom, situated spatially in the top" (McDowell 80). In Morrison's book, it is easy to see such characters as Sula as a "bad woman" or Nel as a "good person," yet as one looks beyond the obvious, vagaries…
Beaulieu, Elizabeth. The Toni Morrison Encyclopedia. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 2003.
Carmean, Karen. "Sula" Toni Morrison's Sula. Ed. Harold Bloom. Philadelphia: Chelsea House, 1999:
McDowell, Deborah E. "The Self and the Other": Reading Toni Morrison's Sula
and the Black Female Text." Critical Essays on Toni Morrison. Ed. Nellie Y. McKay.
0 are used in organizations to provide an access to high levels of the scale without an enormous costs of traditional infrastructure. Both increase performance given that the clients who are the organizations have data centers across the globe that keeps the processing reasonably close to accessing it over the network. Organizations use cloud computing and web 2.0 to strategically cut the cost of driving innovation and to be ready for the prime-time use in the enterprise environments (O'eilly, 2008).
Technologies required for web cloud computing and Web 2.0
Tim O'Reilly (2008). Web 2.0 and Cloud Computing - O'Reilly Radar. O'Reilly Radar - Insight, analysis, and research about emerging technologies. Retrieved March 17, 2013, from http://radar.oreilly.com/2008/10/web-20-and-cloud-computing.html
Databases and their relational file structures have also progressed to the point of being open in architectural structure enough to allow for real-time updates via XML calls and integration points throughout individual and shared files (oth, Hernandez, Coulthard, Yan, et al., 2006). This open architecture-based approach to XML integration is also making databases ideally suited for transaction-intensive environments throughout e-commerce websites and throughout complex transactions involving multiple selling partners through a supply chain as well (Smyrlis, 2005). As a result, databases are the foundation of distributed order management, enterprise content management, enterprise resource planning (EP) and Customer elationship Management (CM) systems.
Databases and Security
Databases in organizations and governments often hold the most confidential data that exists and therefore need to be protected extremely well. The dominant standard for database security is ACID (atomicity, consistency, isolation, durability) compliance (Dolgicer, 1993). When an ACID test of compliance is completed on a…
Dolgicer, Max (1993, June). The ACID test for distributed transactions. Data Communications, 22(9), 25.
Araby Greene (2008). Managing subject guides with SQL Server and ASP.Net. Library Hi Tech, 26(2), 213-231.
Margo Hanna (2004). Data-mining algorithms in Oracle9i and Microsoft SQL Server. Campus - Wide Information Systems, 21(3), 132-138.
Ken Krizner. (2002, May). Turning inventory into profits. Frontline Solutions, 3(5), 16-20.
Peer Avg: 12.99
Peer Avg: 12.66
EMC Corp. (MA)
Fixed and Variable Cost Analysis
The following table defines the fixed and variable costs associated with the new venture. At a minimum to create an enterprise-wide content management system that has the ability to manage per-content transactions, it costs approximately $1.5M. SG&A at $200K and Marketing at $120K are all fixed as this is needed to launch the company. Variable costs are all defined on a per customer engagement model.
Next, benchmarks comparing the dominant competitors in the web content management arena who could easily move into the monetization market are analyzed in Table 2.
Financial Analysis of Enterprise Content Management Systems Competitors -- Industry benchmarks
Operating Income - 2008
Net Income - 2008
Gross Margin % - 2008
Inventory Turnover - 2008…
Hall, E.. (2010, March). Lessons for U.S. media from European paid-content plays. Advertising Age, 81(9), 10.
Ives, N.. (2009, August). Before you base your business plan on paid content, read this. Advertising Age, 80(27), 1,20.
Peter Kafka. (2002, April). Partial Pay Dirt. Forbes, 169(10), 090-091.
William H. Manz. (2000). Floating "free" in cyberspace: Law reviews in the Internet era. St. John's Law Review, 74(4), 1069-1086.
Finally the security plan must include periodic yet random simulated attacks and audits of security levels to ensure that both the DaaS software platforms and clients' data remains secure over time. All of these areas of the security plan must also be actively monitored within an online scorecard that clients can see on a 24/7 basis over their systems from anywhere in the world there is an Internet connection. A key aspect of any successful data center security plan is accountability for performance and transparency as well.
Systems Implementation Plan
Defining how the specific servers and their respective operating systems, applications, and data virtualization algorithms are optimized is defined in the systems implementation plan. The intent of this plan is to also define the points of integration between the systems themselves in addition to defining software integration points critical for the entire DaaS platform to run effectively. Further, this aspect…
Creeger, M.. (2009). CTO Roundtable: Cloud Computing. Association for Computing Machinery. Communications of the ACM, 52(8), 50.
Desai, R., & McGee, R.. (2010). Is Outsourced Data Secure? The CPA Journal, 80(1), 56-59.
Ferrara, L., Foltz, D., & Turisco, F.. (2009). Information as a Strategic Asset. Applied Clinical Trials, 18(8), 38-40.
Goo, J. (2010). Structure of service level agreements (SLA) in it outsourcing: The construct and its measurement. Information Systems Frontiers, 12(2), 185-205.
0 tool has little to do with its overall effectiveness in getting attaining learning goals and objectives for example. Controlling for the informality or formality of Web 2.0 tools use is required, as many instructors are relying on the conversational and broadcast functionality of social networks as a substitute for e-mail. Still, the informal aspects of social networking applications including Web 2.0 tools and their anticipated benefits as a learning tool must be indexed or evaluated from their actual effectiveness in assisting learned to gain mastery of subjects. Creating this link between Web 2.0 tool effectiveness and their relative perception of value with respondents to this study will require a research design that can isolate attitudinal and effectiveness measures while not introducing sampling bias or error.
Fifth, the risks that Web 2.0 tools might create for formal learning in educational institutions also faces the same dilemma from a methodology standpoint…
Ayala, G, and Yano, Y (1998). A collaborative learning environment based on intelligent agents. Expert Systems with Applications, 14, 129-137.
Bill Ashraf. (2009). Teaching the Google-eyed YouTube generation. Education & Training, 51(5/6), 343-352.
Barros, B., and Verdejo, M.F. (2000). Analysing student interaction processes in order to improve collaboration. The DEGREE approach. International Journal of Artificial Intelligence in Education, 11, 221-241.
Bereiter, C. (2002). Education and mind in the knowledge age. Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.
Vertically integrated information systems then are key to many company's competitive advantage in being able to respond quickly to the needs of their distribution channel partners and customers. Supply chains are the most complex type of vertically integrated information system in manufacturing firms.
3. What is a client/server system? What is a client? What is a server? Why would an organization choose to implement a client/server system?
A client/server system is also referred to as a client/server network as it relies on a series of integrated systems in which the processing power is distributed between a central server and a number of client computers (Brown, DeHayes, Hoffer, Martin, Perkins, 2009). A client can be either an application, as is the case with Salesforce.com accessing customer data for example on a remote server through a Web browser, or a complete computer system accessing a server. Increasingly clients are Web browser-based and…
Alnoor Bhimani, & Mthuli Ncube. (2006). Virtual integration costs and the limits of supply chain scalability. Journal of Accounting and Public Policy, 25(4), 390-408.
Brown, C.V., DeHayes, D.W, Hoffer, J.A., Martin, W.E., Perkins, W.C. (2009). Managing information technology: (6th ed.).Prentice Hall. ISBN: 9780131789548
Scott M. Lewandowski. (1998). Frameworks for Component-Based Client/Server Computing. ACM Computing Surveys, 30(1), 3-27.
N GPC Mahalik, & SK Lee. (2002). Client server-based distributed architecture for concurrent design of DCS networks: A case study. Integrated Manufacturing Systems, 13(1), 47.
Each onion router removes a layer of encryption to uncover routing instructions, and sends the message to the next router where this is repeated. This prevents these intermediary nodes from knowing the origin, destination, and contents of the message.
The predicted solution of the problems related to e-government administration depends on answering the following questions as brainstorming ideas to solve the problem and the features provided by the system or application.
1. An important step for processing of e-Government.
2. To ensure the confidentiality of information such as contracts for military weapons and other by Providing a high level of security as it is based on singing the data by combining multiple key values like user id, date stamp and transaction id which produce an encrypted key utilized and used only internally by the system for authentication and validation of user privileges. This procedure would make it…
Averyt, William. (2005). E-Government Reconsidered: Renewal of Governance for the Knowledge Age. American Review of Canadian Studies 35(4): 769-770.
Chaffee, a. (2000-08-17). "What is a web application (or "webapp")?"
Cohen, JE. (2000). Examined Lives: Informational Privacy and the Subject as Object. Stanford Law Review 52(5): 1373.
Bourquard, J.A. (2003, March). What's Up with E-Government? Digital Government Isn't a Silver Bullet, but as Part of a Long-Term Plan it May Provide a Means to Reduce State
However, she is no bloodless female, absent of sexuality, despite her resistance of Apollo. In this respect, Wolf does update her story -- rather than a virgin or a sexless prophetess, Cassandra does have a relationship with Aeneas. She loves this hero with the ardor of a young woman, calling him the soul of Troy. But because he is a man, unlike Cassandra, Aeneas can master history and triumph. The admiration of Aeneas indicates the verisimilitude Wolf brings to her tale -- Cassandra has emotions and feelings, rather than simply spouts words, as in Agamemnon.
Wolf also interjects anecdotes into the story to make it more clearly told with Trojan eyes such as the Trojan's allegation that Helen was abducted because Priam's sister Hesione's eloped with a Spartan. Again, this underlines Wolf's theme of women as pawns and spoils of war -- it does not matter what Helen or Hesione…
Second, the specific connection points thoughout the netwok also need to be evaluated fo thei levels of existing secuity as well, with the WiFi netwok audited and tested (Loo, 2008). Thid, the Vitual Pivate Netwoks (VPNS) and the selection of secuity potocols needs to be audited (Westcott, 2007) to evaluate the pefomance of IPSec vs. SSL potocols on oveall netwok pefomance (Rowan, 2007). Many smalle copoations vacillate between IPSec and SSL as the copoate standad fo wieless connections, defining the advantages and disadvantages as the table below has captued.
Table 1: Technical Analysis of Diffeences between IPSec and SSL
Site-to-site VPN; mainly configued in a hub-and-spoke design
Authenticates though digital cetificate o peshaed key
Dops packets that do not confom to the secuity policy
Authenticate though the use of digital cetificates; dops packets if a fatal alet is eceived
Lin, Y., Chen, S., Lin, P., & Lai, Y.. (2008). Designing and evaluating interleaving decompressing and virus scanning in a stream-based mail proxy. The Journal of Systems and Software, 81(9), 1517.
Robert Loew, Ingo Stengel, Udo Bleimann, & Aidan McDonald. (1999). Security aspects of an enterprise-wide network architecture. Internet Research, 9(1), 8-15.
Loo, a. (2008). The Myths and Truths of Wireless Security. Association for Computing Machinery. Communications of the ACM, 51(2), 66.
OpenReach (2002) IPSec vs. SSL: Why Choose?. Jan. 2002. Open Reach. Security Tech Net. 20 Mar. 2007. Accessed from the Internet on October 6, 2009 from location:
Conversely the pressure for a uniform standard of integration across social networks is also coming from users of these social networking sites, who want to be able to create a highly integrated, consistent and timely update of themselves and their interests. These two market forces are in turn driving the commercialization of social networking and will eventually lead to the development of sustainable business models (Madsen, 2009). To the extent that API can be used to integrate th4ese diverse social networks is to the extent they can lead to the development of increasingly valuable mash-ups as well. As with any use of personal data the APIs must also have a high level of security associated with them as well (Mansfield-Devine, 2008). The bottom line is that APIs provide a very useful framework that leads to the integration and real-time connectivity between social networking applications, opening up opportunity for greater levels…
Each of the social networking companies realize that for the full commercial potential of their applications to reach their fullest potential, there will need to be a very high level of integration and real-time interoperability between them. This is the primary catalyst that is driving the rapid adoption of APIs that are quickly being used as the basis for programming mash-ups and more complex web-based applications including those based on the AJAX programming standard (Zucker, 2007). As each of the dominant social networking applications begin to excel at a specific aspect of online collaboration and communication, the urgency for having each of them communicate and share information between themselves becomes even more of a higher priority. The accumulated content in Google for example on a given subject or person, cross-referenced by their LinkedIn and Facebook profiles, even integrating in their most re-tweeted Tweets from Twitter can provide a very accurate and timely reflection of just who someone is. Conversely the pressure for a uniform standard of integration across social networks is also coming from users of these social networking sites, who want to be able to create a highly integrated, consistent and timely update of themselves and their interests. These two market forces are in turn driving the commercialization of social networking and will eventually lead to the development of sustainable business models (Madsen, 2009). To the extent that API can be used to integrate th4ese diverse social networks is to the extent they can lead to the development of increasingly valuable mash-ups as well. As with any use of personal data the APIs must also have a high level of security associated with them as well (Mansfield-Devine, 2008). The bottom line is that APIs provide a very useful framework that leads to the integration and real-time connectivity between social networking applications, opening up opportunity for greater levels of creativity in the development and use of mash-ups than ever before (Oren, Haller, Mesnage, Hauswirth, Heitmann, Decker, 2007). In conclusion, social networking is serving as a very powerful catalyst for the development of APIs that are in the process of re-ordering the fundamental ways people collaborative and communicate online.
Mash-ups for e-Learning
The departure from didactic or "drill and kill" types of teaching strategies where instructors rely only on memorization and the presentation of complex concepts through printed materials to more personalized approaches to learning have been made possible by mash-ups as well. The concept of mash-ups that combine the
Vey High - IPSec woks at the potocol level, independent of applications, theefoe scalability is best-in-class
Compaing the technological and opeational benefits specifically in the aeas of client access options, access contol, client-side secuity, installation, and client configuation highlights just how diffeentiated the IPv4-based IPSec vs. IPv6 -based SSL potocols ae fom each othe. In analyzing these diffeences, Table 3: Compaing Technological and Opeational benefits of IPv6-based SSL and IPv4-based IPSec VPNS, was ceated. Stating fist with the client access options, IPv6-based SSL can suppot a clientless inteface though its bowse at longe addess lengths, suppot fo semi-clientless though Java and ActiveX clients developed in AJAX, and also in a full client configuation. This flexibility in use of the IPv6-based SSL potocol is leading to significantly highe levels of adoption oveall. IPv4-based IPSec has a single client access option that needs to be pe-installed on evey system. Requiing a full…
IPSec VPNs: Conformance & Performance Testing. 12 Jan. 2003. White Papers Ixia. 11 Apr. 2007. Accessed from the Internet on May 28, 2008 from location: http://www.ixiacom.com/library/white_papers/display?skey=ipsec
Lehtovirta, J (2006). Transition from IPv4 to IPv6. White Paper, 1, Retrieved June 3, 2008, at http://www.tascomm.fi/~jlv/ngtrans/
Kent, S. Security Architecture for the Security Protocol (2007). Network Working Group. Nov. 1998. Javvin Network Managing & Security. 05 Apr. 2007. Accessed from the Internet on June 4, 2008 from location:
The company is permanently spending considerable amounts on &D to innovate its products and on advertising to maintain the brands awareness high. Shareholders are more satisfied than ever after Procter's recovery in the late 1990s, early 2000. But they did not encourage much the recovery process because it took almost two years and they were expecting a fast recovery process.
Currently there are over 100 Pantene products. Pantene shampoo has 25 products in the supermarket shelves to cover all types of customer needs. In terms of sales, the brand has had a "blockbuster" evolution. It was introduced in the market about 10 years ago and it has been reinvented since maintaining a top market share. Pantene, the shampoo is actually the leader in this market, followed by Elseve from L'oreal. Overall, Elseve product line is better positioned in the market, having a larger market share for all hair care…
Colgate-Palmolive corporate website:
Mediapost (2007), http://publications.mediapost.com
Procter and Gamble corporate website:
Injustice anywhere," King went on, "is a threat to justice everywhere."
As to the social and racial injustices King is speaking of, a bit of background into conditions in the South - and specifically, in Alabama - is worthy of some space in this paper. In fact, just a few years prior to the civil rights activism in Birmingham (that saw King arrested and placed in a jail), the lynching of African-Americans in Alabama was not uncommon. The New York Times (August 30, 1933) reported that two "Negroes" were found lynched near Birmingham on a Sunday morning, but the good news was "mob murders have declined"; indeed, the paper reported, "...in the last ten years there have only been four lynchings" in Alabama. And on July 26, 1947, The New York Times quoted the Tuskegee Institute's data that "six out of every seven potential lynchings have been prevented" over the…
Bass, Jonathan S. Blessed Are the Peacemakers: Martin Luther King. Jr., Eight White
Religious Leaders, and the "Letter from Birmingham Jail." Baton Rouge: Louisiana State
University Press, 2001
King, Martin Luther. Letter from Birmingham Jail. Essential Documents in American
S. foreign policy. Under this new approach, Carter would directly meet with only government officials that had favorable human rights records. The problem was that the United States' relationship with the Shah was the key for maintaining control in the region. This meant that he had to make official trips to the country, even though he did not support this policy.
As a result, Carter was indirectly endorsing activities of the Shah and the underlying amounts of brutality he was using to maintain power. Evidence of this can be seen by looking at the below table, which is illustrating the total amounts of abuse and torture that were conducted by the SAVAK
The Total Amounts of rutality of the SAVAK
Death Related to SAVAK activities
These different elements are important, because they are showing how U.S. foreign policy changed when it came to…
"The 1953 Coup." 2011, U Toronto. http://iran.sa.utoronto.ca/coup/web_files/markcoup.html (accessed December 5, 2011)
"Background Iran." 2011. State Department. http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/5314.htm (accessed December 5, 2011)
Iran." 2011. Enotes, http://www.enotes.com/iran-reference/iran (accessed December 5, 2011)
"Iran." 2011. CIA. https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/ the-world-factbook/geos/ci.html (accessed December 5, 2011)
IT Management Class
Networking Protocols Are Powerful Catalysts of Collaboration
Across Organizational Boundaries
The foundation of the Internet is based on the Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) networking protocol that serves to arbitrate control of the many connections that comprise the Web, with design criterion specifically designed to avoid packet collisions and ensure the highest performance possible. The TCP/IP protocol is based on the Carrier Sense Multiple Access/Collision Detect (CSMA/CD), an approach to managing network traffic to anticipate and reduce packet collisions, increasing networking fidelity, performance and stability over the long-term. Inherent in the design of the CSMA/CD standard is support for simplex transmission, half-duplex and full duplex transmission approaches, all designed to enable the highest levels of performance possible for a given TCP/IP network configuration (Cisco Tutorial, 2007). The CSMA/CD standard is credited with the proliferation of the World Wide Web, as it successfully supported the Hypertext Transfer Protocol…
Ciampa, Mark (2005). Security+ Guide to Network Security Fundamentals. 2nd Edition. Massachusetts: Thomson Course Technology, 2005
Cisco Tutorial (2007). Basics of the OSI Model and associated documents. Accessed from the Internet on March 27,2011from location: http://www.cisco.com/univercd/cc/td/doc/cisintwk/ito_doc/introint.htm
Cisco Systems (2007). Networking Guides and Programs for Protocol Support . Retrieved March 27, 2011 from location:
Morrison most probably wants to emphasize that Sula is stronger than Nel because she is in control of her life.
The end of the book presents readers with Nel's acknowledgement that she enjoyed seeing Chicken Little's death.
Morrison's Sula is meant to induce a state of rebellion in readers as they are influenced in believing that it is wrong for them to act in accordance with society's laws, considering that the system is apparently flawed. The inhabitants of Bottom are barely able to sustain themselves in the beginning but gradually come to be more and more efficient in improving conditions in the area. In spite of his eccentric nature, Shadrack is one of the most influential individuals in the town.
Nel and Sula are the products of Bottom's environment but they struggle to be different from the rest of people. Even with this, Sula is the only one who actually…
Morrison, Toni, "Sula," Vintage International, 2004.
Her society tells her she needs one, and when Milkman enters her life, she invests her entire personality in him. When he leaves her, Hagar lacks the self she needs to survive. Pathetically, she tries to create a self that Milkman will want by buying makeup and clothes, turning her beautiful African hair a horrible orange (Milkman has been dating light-skinned redheads), and generally abasing herself.
Morrison certainly deviates from a sterotypical feminist perspective when she criticizes Hagar's possessiveness as well as Milkman's cruelty. When Hagar and uth argue over Milkman, Pilate points out that a man is not a house to be owned. Finally, when Hagar is trying to kill Milkman (not able to possess him, she does not know what else to do), Guitar tells her how wrong she is to base her value on the possession of a man. How can Milkman love her if she is…
Bakerman, Jane. Failures of Love: Female Initiation in the Novels of Toni Morrison, American Literature 52 ( January 1981), 541.
Cowart, David. Faulkner and Joyce in Morrison's Song of Solomon. American Literature 62.1 (1990): 87-100.
Duvall, John N. Doe. Hunting and Masculinity: Song of Solomon and Go Down, Moses. Arizona Quarterly 47.1 (1991): 95-115.
Marilyn, Atlas. A Woman Both Shiny and Brown: Feminine Strength in Toni Morrison's Song of Solomon. Society for the Study of Midwestern Literature Newsletter 9 (Fall 1979), 1-13.
The audience (MARKET) for Sula includes women of all ethnic/racial backgrounds, young adult classrooms discussing black history and racism, and any other individuals who are interested in the history of blacks in the 20th century.
ADVERTISING COPY FOR CAMPAIGN).Sula, by Toni Morrison, provides an excellent historical vision into the life of blacks living in the community of Bottom Ohio after World War I and into the 1960s. This sometimes personally disturbing novel follows the lives of two black women -- from their emotionally troubled and violent childhood, through their different paths of adulthood, to their final meeting and reconciliation. Women readers, especially those who seek stories about historical women protagonists, will be engrossed yet dismayed by the way that Sula lives her life. Young adults and those who study black history will widen their understanding about the challenges and ordeals that blacks had to face even after gaining their…
For Paris was essentially a shepherd, and had only recently returned to Troy, thus, he had no military skills (Judgement pp).
Another way the movie made Paris a hero of sorts, is that he is portrayed as the one who tells his father King Priam to be cautious about the horse. hen actually, according to legend, it was his sister Cassandra, a priestess of psychic powers, knew the horse was deceptive and tried to warn her father, but he would not listen (Judgement pp). Then the priest, Laocoon, also tried to warn the Priam to beware of Greeks bearing gifts, yet he too was ignored (Judgement pp).
Another part of the legend that the movie left out was Agamemnon's sacrifice of his daughter, Iphigenia, to the goddess Artemis, in order to obtain favorable winds for the voyage to Troy (Judgement pp). And according to legend, the gods were basically the…
The Trojan War: The Judgement of Paris; pp. http://www.royalty.nu/legends/Troy.html
The Legend of the Trojan War
Troy." Director: Wolfgang Petersen. Warner Bros. 2004.
Conduct a benchmarking analysis
As explained by Prasnikar, Debeljak and Ahcan (2005) benchmarking depends on comparing between two activities of an organization and another. In our case, we shall compare McDonald's activities and those of its competitors, Burger King and Wendy's.
• Best practices
McDonald's as a main player in the fast food industry is concerned with best practices with the industry. To this end, the corporation has adopted some best practices that include sustainability, nutrition and well-being, employee experience ad environmental responsibility. Accordingly, McDonald's protects the environment by going green and using methods that protect and conserve the environment. McDonald's also encourages its suppliers to uphold effective environmental. The company treats it employees well and offers them good working conditions as a way retaining them. Employees are offered training and promoted accordingly. McDonald's also adheres to ethical conduct its operations and food items are produced ethical. Similarly, the company…
It is rather like a feud in this respect -- the one who commits the final act of revenge is declared the winner.
Hector is the Trojan warrior whose character differs greatly from that of Achilles and who has very different reasons for fighting. here Achilles fights for glory, Hector sacrifices himself or his family, his country, and his ideals. His dedication to family is apparent as he visits his wife and children while delivering a message away from the battlefield, a clear contrast with the way Achilles ignores family obligations. Hector places himself in harm's way knowingly in service to his city, a contrast with Achilles, who sulks in his tent because of his own pride and not because of any concern for his country. At the same time, both men tend to be reckless, as seen in hector when he is advised by Polydamus to retire from the…
Benjamin, S.G.W. Troy: Its Legend, History and Literature. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1880.
Fagles, Robert (tr.). The Iliad. New York: Viking, 1990.
Scott, John a. The Unity of Homer. New York: Biblo and Tannen, 1965.
Nestor seems saddened by the fact that some of the best Greek warriors were killed in Troy, including Ajax, Achilles, and Patroclus as well as Nestor's own son. The fact that Nestor's own son died may make him particularly sympathetic, of course, to Telemachus' need to hear news of what happened to his father, and how the Greeks became separated at the end of the Trojan War.
Nestor explains to Telemachus that his father acquitted himself bravely during the siege of Troy, and thus he should be proud of his father's conduct as a warrior. He also says that his father was a wise and noble counselor, and the two were often in agreement during the frequent arguments within the Greek camp. But because Zeus sided with the Trojans, the god was angry with the actions of the Greeks during Troy's sacking, and tried to upset the Greek's homeward journey,…
Starting with the task of attracting customers, the e-Commerce Manager must know how to coordinate the many web-based applications used for transforming web site visitor's clicks into sales leads, and then into potential customers. This makes it critical for the e-Commerce Manager to understand how sales funnels work, specifically how to open up the top of the sales funnel and progress prospects through them. Secondly, the e-Commerce Manager needs to know how to create sales through the use of catalogs, guided selling, product and sales configuration, and also through the intelligent use of pricing. This is the most difficult part of an e-Commerce Manager's job; the translating of interest on the part of prospects to customers. Finally, the e-Commerce Manager needs to understand how to use online tools for better service to customers.
In terms of requirements for an e-Commerce Manager, it is critical that the candidates all have some…
Tunneling is defined as the organization of data into secured frames or packets, defined by a secured preamble or transit network frame and transit internetwork header (Cisco, 2010). ING needs to take these steps into account in determining if the extranet will actually be as effective as they hope it will; VPN networks running SSL connections can be bandwidth intensive if there are high percentage of transaction traffic on them (Cisco, 2010). ING would be best advised to complete several pilots of the extranet, varying options in the VPN configuration parameters and the SSL options to ensure optimal performance while also gaining the greatest level of speed as well. Figure 1, How VPN Tunnels Work, illustrates this concept of how Transit Internetwork Headers are critical for securing a VPN tunnel that will send data, and in the case of ING, policy requests, from brokerage partners to the mainframe in CT…
Cisco Tutorial (2010). Basics of the OSI Model and associated documents. Accessed from the Internet on April 3, 2010 from location: http://www.cisco.com/en/U.S./docs/internetworking/technology/handbook/Intro-to-Internet.html
Customer Value Equation of the Product
Product Marketing Mix
Product Promotion Process
Target Market Analysis
Global Ethical Marketing Considerations
The globe and its entire human race in the twenty first is witnessing revolution in many facets of life and technological boom in communication is one of the immense transformations that have changed the standard and ways of living. Quite a few of the technological brands and products are surging ahead even to the leading economies as well as underdeveloped and developing nations. Apple iPhone is one of those brands that have become widely accepted and well-known, and has captured numerous consumers ranging from U.S. To Europe to Asia (White, 2012).
Apple iPhone is one of the U.S. based brands that offers hi-tech communication product (mobile phone) to its customers with a wide variety of features such as games, music, videos, web connectivity and many…
Baum, B., Hackstein, M., & Mehling, M. (2012). Strategic Marketing: Assessment of why the Sony Walkman brand lost out to iPod in terms of its position and level of demand in the marketplace. USA: GRIN Verlag.
Campesato, O. & Nilson, K. (2010). Web 2.0 Fundamentals: With AJAX, Development Tools, and Mobile Platforms. USA: Jones & Bartlett Learning.
Ferrell, O.C., & Hartline, M.D. (2010). Marketing Strategy. 5th Edition. Mason, Oh, USA: Cengage Learning.
Kline, J.M. (2010). Ethics for International Business: Decision-Making in a Global Political Economy. 2nd Edition. New York, USA: Taylor & Francis.
Renal & ransplant Unit (Renal Directorate)
Mary's NHS rust
I am the Personal Assistant to the Chief of Service, and also act as Administrator for the Renal Directorate, St. Mary's NHS rust. he Directorate is a well established and busy Regional Renal Unit in North-West hames. We offer haemodialysis, continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis, and Renal ransplantation / Simultaneous Renal Pancreas ransplantation to patients, in addition to a comprehensive inpatient and outpatient service. We currently have approximately 800 patients on our dialysis programme, 400 transplanted patients, and we see around 1200 patients in outpatient clinic each month. he Service has 5 Consultant Nephrologists, 2 ransplant Surgeons, 1 Service Manager and 1 Business Manager.
here is a Renal Ward, a laboratory to carry out assays, a Haemodialysis Unit, Acute Dialysis eam, a Peritoneal Dialysis Unit, a Renal Outpatients Department, and 3 Satellite dialysis units and outpatient cilnics.
Communication is the backbone of…
The above set of recommendations will be implemented in a phased schedule. The first recommendation involves treating the staff as an essential commodity instead of an expendable item. This attitude has primarily been the fault of management and their authoritarian management styles. Under this type of management style little regard is afforded the employee and their needs. This creates a hostile environment and lead to disgruntled employees, stress, and a high turnover rate. Management must take extra measures to ensure that employees feel that they are a valuable commodity.
The first step to implementing this recommendation is to assure that the employees have the proper equipment to perform their job. This will be addressed in further recommendations. The second step to implementing this recommendation will be to make sure that managers take time to listen to employees, both their problems and suggestions as to how to improve the company. This should be done be a series of meetings where employees can freely air their concerns without fear of retribution. These meetings will be held every six months and will be in conjunction with the employee's six-month review. Employees must be made to feel that they are a valuable part of the system and not just a machine that does the manager's bidding. They must be made to feel that they are important and that their opinion counts. These meetings will be a valuable step to achieving this goal.
In addition to the regular employee meetings (Locke, et. al., 1981). Suggestion boxes will be placed in the break rooms where employees can anonymously make suggestions and launch criticisms. A performance based incentive plan will be implemented where employees can earn extra vacation time or time off for exemplary performance. These measures will
Homer -- Was the Blind Bard a Poetic Activist for War or Peace?
Homer is a poet of war, namely the war between the Greeks and Trojans, and later in his "Odyssey," of the war between Odysseus and the gods whom would bar him from his trajectory homeward. He is a poet of war in the sense that war provides the narrative structure of how he outlines how a moral human being lives in a violent, conflict-based society. However, Homer also chronicles in his works with what might seem to the modern reader, a distinctly anti-war literary sentiment and tone. This is perhaps best embodied in the example of Odysseus himself as a character. Homer's most famous anti-hero initially attempted to simulate madness to avoid being a participant in the Trojan wartime events, because they were far away from his beloved home of Ithaca and wife Penelope.
However, Homer's anti-war…
Web 3.0: The New Web
Everyone knows that technology is advancing rapidly. What that entails is the restructuring of what we once knew into something better. That is exactly what is happening now with the slow movement into Web 3.0, an Internet that is layered and more tailored to a mobile and interactive user.
Web 3.0 takes the internet to a whole new level. According to the research, this will be the "third generation of Internet-based services that collectively comprise what might be called 'the intelligent Web' -- such as those using semantic web, microformats, natural language search, data-mining, machine learning, recommendation agents, and artificial intelligence technologies -- which emphasize machine-facilitated understanding of information in order to provide a more productive and intuitive user experience" (Spivack, 2014). Essentially, the Internet will be smarter and more adaptive than ever before. This will allow the Internet to adapt to the unique demands…
Gaines, Kendra. (2011). A brief introduction to Web 3.0. Web Designer. Web. http://www.1stwebdesigner.com/design/web-3-introduction/
Isaacson, Betsy. (2014). Web 3.0: What the Internet could look like without net neutrality. The Huffington Post. Web. http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2014/01/15/internet-without-net-neutrality-_n_4604385.html
Spivack, Nova. (2014). Web 3.0: The third generation of web is coming. Lifeboat Foundation. Web. http://lifeboat.com/ex/web.3.0
EP Fail and Succeed
In order to increase its productivity and compete favorably, any company has to implement an elaborate Enterprise esource Planning (EP) system. Failure to do this will lead into a weak company without high possibilities of attained stipulated short-term and long-term goals. By definition, an EP system helps consolidate enterprise information and control all business processes in an organization. Implementing an EP successfully is not that simple. Its success or failure is depended on a variety of factors hence starting the process without an elaborate plan makes you vulnerable to a great number of snares along the way (Vinatoru & Calota, 2014).
Since an EP focuses on integration and management, the company stands a better chance at making resource usage and distribution more elaborate and timely. This will in turn increase the company's reputation, and hence, competitive edge in the market. Despite the fact this is a…
Donovan, M. (2011). Successful ERP Implementation the First Time. Performance Improvement.
Ghosh, R. (2012). A Comprehensive Study on ERP Failures Stressing on Reluctance to Change as a Cause of Failure. Journal of Marketing and Management, 3(1), 123-134.
ICMR. (2005). ERP Implementation Failure at HP, 1-12.
Pemeco. A Case Study on Hershey's ERP Implementation Failure: The Importance of Testing and Scheduling, 1-3.
2 Brief History and Organization Background
2 Proctor & Gamble History
5 Situation Analysis
5 External Environment
5 Internal Sociotechnical Systems
6 Problem Diagnosis & Definition
7 Great Man Theory
7 Trait Theory
8 the Managerial Grid
8 theory X and Theory Y
9 Participative Leadership (Lewin's leadership styles)
9 Situational Leadership
9 Contingency Theory
10 Transactional Leadership
10 Transformational Leadership
10 Organizational Leadership Discussion
14 Practitioner Recommendations
15 Overall Research Approach
16 Site and Population Selection
24 Identifications and Evaluation of Alternative Interventions
25 Action Planning
26 Follow-up and Evaluation
28 ork Cited
An Analysis of Leadership Styles Utilized by Procter & Gamble and Colgate-Palmolive and their Role in Contributing to Effective Practices and Profitability
This research proposal will focus on two major competitors in the national and international market, Procter & Gamble and Colgate-Palmolive, and the types of leadership…
Ang, S. (2006). Personality Correlates of the Four-Factor Model of Cultural Intelligence. Group &Organization Management, 31(1), 100-123.
Bass, B. (1985). Leadership and performance beyond expectations. New York: Free Press.
Bass, B. (1999). Two decades in research and development in transformational leadership.
European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology, 9-32.
The international law is the universal rules and principles guiding the conducts and relations between nation-states, and international organizations. The modern concept of international law started in the 17th century, and has been accepted as the rules and conducts guiding the relations among nation states. In the contemporary international environment, rules and principles guiding the states' conducts have become critically important to maintain international peace and security, and preventing violation and aggression. However, the principle of the international law prohibits the use of force against other state actors except where the security council authorizes the use of military force to restore the international peace or where a state uses the force as a self-defence. In the international arena, nation states have been found using the overt and covert method to exercise military interventions against other states. However, a self-defense is one of the major factors that provokes a state to…
Aphrodite was said to have been the most beautiful and sensual of all the goddesses. There are varying stories of her birth. One story holds that she was born from the loins of Uranus, when his sex was severed from him and thrown into the sea: Aphrodite emerged from the sea foam—a daughter of the sea, which is why one of the most famous images of her in artistic expression is of the goddess emerging from the sea (Graves). Homer in the Iliad indicated that Aphrodite was the daughter of Zeus and Dione. Regardless of her origin story, Aphrodite served a central role in the back story of Greece, particularly when it came to her feud with Hera and Athena over who was the most beautiful of all.
Aphrodite was said to have married Hephaestus, the god of blacksmithing. She was also said to have had many paramours,…
Dark Age and the Archaic Age
Having watched the lectures for the prior learning unit on video, I was prepared to enjoy the video lecture presentation for this learning unit. I previously found the presentation of lectures in the video format to be very convenient because I could observe at my own pace, rewind if I missed part of the lecture, have flexibility about when I was viewing the lecture, and not be distracted by the behavior or questions of other students. I acknowledged that there were some negatives to the video-learning environment, such as missing out on the organic and natural question and answers that develop in a live classroom setting, but had decided that missing those was an acceptable trade-off given the other benefits that I was receiving from the video lecture environment. Therefore, I was surprised to find that I did not enjoy the video lectures for…