Alice Walker Essays (Examples)

Filter results by:


View Full Essay

Alice Everyday

Words: 959 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 33841064

Alice Walker

There are different expressions and types of culture, and culture can mean different things to various people who are a part of the same culture. This truth is demonstrated poignantly in Alice Walker's short story entitled "Everyday Things." In this tale, there is a generation and culture clash between the worldly aspirations and ambitions of Dee, and the normal, everyday ambitions of her mother and her sister Maggie. At the heart of the issue explored within this story is what the proper usage of culture actually is. For some people, culture is something that is a reminder of the past and which is not readily interacted with everyday. For other people, culture is simply a way of life and how individuals and collectives go about pursuing their lives. A close examination of "Everyday Use" reveals that this tale examines a generation clash within a family related to culture, in which the author implies the everyday usage of culture is the most applicable version of it.

The principle way that Walker conveys to the reader that the most applicable means of regarding culture is to interact with it on an everyday basis is in settling a dispute between the…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Walker, Alice. "Everyday Use." Short Story Classics. 2006. Web.
View Full Essay

Gordimer and Walker Race and Gender Have

Words: 2900 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 88137665

Gordimer and Walker

Race and gender have been shown to be major social issues throughout the world as demonstrated through short stories written by Nadine Gordimer, who writes from a South African perspective, and Alice Walker, who writes from an American perspective. Gordimer's "Country Lovers" (1975), takes a look at South African apartheid and allows the reader insight into the discrimination that was prevalent in society. Likewise, Walker's "The Welcome Table" (1970), takes a look at discrimination within American society. Gordimer and Walker's short stories analyze racial discrimination and the impacts that it has on the female protagonist in each story.

Nadine Gordimer was born in South Africa on November 20, 1923 and has lived there her entire life (Nadine Gordimer, 2005). Gordimer published her first work at 15 years old and since then, she has written numerous short story collections and novels. Although Gordimer contends that she is not a political person, "her writings document, decade by decade, the impact of politics on personal lives and what an increasingly radical white South African woman felt, thought, and imaged during the rise and fall of apartheid" (Bazin & Gordimer, 1995, p. 571). Gordimer was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature…… [Read More]


Bazin, N.T. And Gordimer, N. (1995). An interview with Nadine Gordimer. Contemporary Literature. 36.1 (Winter), pp. 571-587. JSTOR. Accessed 17 June 2012.

The History of Apartheid in South Africa. (n.d.) Stanford University. Accessed 6 May 2012,


Gordimer, N. (1975). Country Lovers. Soldier's Embrace. Chapter 3. pp. 44-50.
View Full Essay

Celie and Shug in Alice

Words: 853 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 7453565

What is interesting about this statement is the fact that Celie used to see herself as a tree that fought back her negative emotions.

Shug is instrumental in Celie's mental growth. She becomes Celie's confidant but, more importantly, Shug helps her view God differently. For example, Celie's earlier impressions of God are that he is a man that behaves much like the other men she has encountered in her life. She writes that God is "just like all the other mens I know... Trifling, forgitful and lowdown" (199). It is through Shug that Celie begins to recognize God is inside her and "inside everybody else" (202) and he is not a "he or a she, but a it" (202). Furthermore, she helps her see that God "ain't something you can look at apart from anything else, including yourself. I believe God is everything" (202). Shug's ideas help Celie understand God on a deeper, more personal level, which ultimately allows her to appreciate herself as well.

Shug and Celie are also very different people is regards to authority figures. In the beginning of the novel, Celie has a profound respect for Shug who had authority over Mr. ____, which is a…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Walker, Alice. The Color Purple. New York: Pocket Books. 1982.
View Full Essay

Smith & Walker Both Smith and Walker

Words: 2888 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 8404915

Smith & Walker

Both Smith and Walker who write about the plight of black people and the feelings of inevitability and racism can invoke in Black people and in their lives. A significant difference between the poem and the short story is the generation and age of the individuals. Whereas Walker's short story is concerned with the racism and pain experienced by an elderly African-American woman in the post-civil rights era, Smith is concerned with a young woman in the same era. The elderly woman is in rural country and the young woman, as evidenced by Smith's reference to 'Motown' is in an urban setting. The disconnect both women feel from both their bodies and from their surroundings is the unifying thread that binds these two seemingly disparate stories. I am interested in exploring the theme of alienation from one's surroundings and from one's body that lie at the heart of the story and the poem. I begin by reviewing the literature on alienation and race before I discuss Smith and Walker's texts.

That there is no formal thing such as 'race' is common place knowledge (Smedley 698). However, since it has emerged as a tool of self-identification in communities…… [Read More]

references have left her feeling alien her own skin. Returning to the reference of the mirror in the poem, it is clear that the alienation is based on a belief that things should be otherwise and that the reflections failure to look like the acceptable image in the minds of the young women is seen as a betrayal. Whereas Walker's woman is triumphant in the end, even in death, Smith's woman, who may also be dead, is consumed by far more pedestrian matters of the heart.

In both pieces the very last image is one of death. Smith's death imagery manifests itself in the form of a male grabbing a woman and collapsing her into his fingers (Smith, line 20). On the other hand, the death of old woman in Walker's short story is far from metaphorical; her death is quite literal and very visceral. While there is room to interpret the story ending in the Smith poem as an ending which is related to heartbreak or the end of a relationship or the loss of a woman's identity in the context of the relationship, there is no alternative interpretation of the old woman's passing (Walker, 87). Her animation at getting to see Jesus even as she has been evicted from the lord's house as it would be called is metaphorical and literal at the same time. Her death, on the other hand, the one where there is a dead old woman's body on the side of the highway where she had been spotted walking is quite literal. In the end the similarities of both the authors and the characters outweigh the differences. Although, it must be said that one has a triumphant ending and the other one is darker.


Byrd, R.P. & Gates R., H. (2011) Jean Toomer's Conflicted Racial Identity. Chronicle of Higher Education, 57(23), B5-B8(3), pp. 31-46.

Macdonald, G. (2010) Scottish Extractions: Race and Racism in Devolutionary Fiction. Orbis Litteraium, 65(2), pp. 79-107.
View Full Essay

Black White and Jewish by Rebecca Walker

Words: 1741 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 97405355

Black, White, Jewish

Black, White, and Jewish -- the Source of All Rebecca Walker's Angst?

Rebecca Walker's memoir Black, White, and Jewish, is subtitled "Autobiography of a Shifting Self." Walker states that is a woman who is most comfortable "in airports" because they are "limbo spaces -- blank, undemanding, neutral." (3) In contrast, because of her multi-racial and multi-ethnic identity, she is both never 'neutral' and also never quite 'of a color.' Only in airports to the rules of the world completely apply to her as well as to the rest of the world, Walker states -- and even then, this statement has an irony, given the recent events and controversies over airport racial profiling that occurred after the book's publication. The book does on to describe, with great poignancy, the author's perceived difficulty of living with a dual, often uncomfortable identity of whiteness and blackness, of Jewishness and 'gentileness.'

It should be noted, however, Walker is no ordinary young writer. Rebecca Walker admits she is not simply the child of an African-American woman and a Jewish father. Her mother is the famous author of The Color Purple, namely Alice Walker. Her father, although not famous in a conventional sense,…… [Read More]

One might ask Walker, however, if this sense of alienation from one's own parents, from one's own past identity, even one's own ancestry, is a condition of a multi-racial and mixed religious background, or a product of American adolescence? But the conventional existence eventually chosen by her father suggests that a White man can return to the mainstream after spurning all these things as a rite of adolescent passage, while Walker cannot. Walker's physical appearance forces her into a continual existence of protest, whether she chooses to conform or not. Even her mother's bohemian existence is chosen, and offers the comfort of ancestry, even an enslaved one.

How constructed, however, one might ask is the idea of ancestry and connection? The unbroken line between African-Americans might itself, one say, be a construction, a tracing together between various Africans who were enslaved centuries ago. An African-American immigrant from Haiti might be 'read' the same by white eyes as one from South Carolina, causing a sense of identity diffusion because of societal mis-reading, as one cannot always see Rebecca Walker's Jewishness upon her. Making a social argument about the destructive legacy of the 1960's from hurt, from the depression and parental and personal conflict that seems to be characteristic of American adolescence is difficult. Individuals of different sexualities, of conflicted relationships even with homogenous paths might make the same argument of placenessness, of existing in a space they must create, rather than find. Although Rebecca Walker's book is a powerful personal testimony, it does not quite hold up -- nor perhaps should it aspire to -- as a sociological document. It is written, as the author admits, with emotion and in her own blood, and cannot admit the alternative perspectives of other American twenty and thirty-somethings undergoing similar identity crisis.

But unlike the identity crisis of leaving and returning to the bosom of the family, Walker has no family to return to -- her parents are divorced and have returned from their respective crisis of identities, into the bosoms of their own ethnic identities. They have been changed and perhaps improved by their heightened cultural exposure. But after her own rebellion, Rebecca Walker has no place to comfortably rest and return to -- except, ironically, the airport, she might say. "I am flesh and blood but I am also ether," she states at the end of her work. She attempts to create anew rather than return to ancestors, like her parents, and this re-creation is a constant source of consternation.
View Full Essay

Comparing Contrasting

Words: 1513 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 84888724

Alice Walker & Ralph Ellison

Character Analysis of Dee in Alice Walker's "Everyday Use" and the Narrator in Ralph Ellison's "Battle Royal"

Works of literature by black American writers have evoked feelings of hopelessness and suffering of their fellow black Americans by putting them into context with the social changes happening in the American society. Take as an example the short stories "Everyday Use" by Alice Walker and "Battle Royal" by Ralph Ellison. Both stories depict racial discrimination in subtle, yet meaningful ways. In Walker's short story, discrimination is subtly expressed by through symbolic representations of the characters' demonstrated disregard or value put into their African heritage. In Ellison's work, years of racial prejudice and discrimination are depicted in a pseudo-battle where the harsh realities faced by black Americans are uncovered and laid bare for the Narrator to see and witness.

These manners of discussing racial prejudice and discrimination are effectively portrayed through the main characters of the stories. Dee in Walker's tale represents the present generation of black Americans who seem to adhere to their African heritage because it is a popular sentiment among the people she interact with in the predominantly white American society. The Narrator, similarly, resembles…… [Read More]


Ellison, R. E-text of "Battle Royal." Available at:

Walker, A. E-text of "Everyday use." Available at:
View Full Essay

Victorian Childhood and Alice in

Words: 3889 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 33413380

Alice in Wonderland as Victorian Literature -- Being a child in Victorian England was difficult. They had to behave like the adults did, follow all rules, they had to be seen but not heard. Children, however, are naturally curious; unable to sit for long periods of time, and as part of normal cognitive development, consistently asking questions about the world. In fact, childhood is the period when a child acquires the knowledge needed to perform as an adult. It is the experiences of childhood that the personality of the adult is constructed. Alice's adventures, then, are really more of a set of curiosities that Carroll believed children share. Why is this, who is this, how does this work? and, her journey through Wonderland, somewhat symbolic of a type of "Garden of Eden," combines stark realities that would be necessary for her transition to adulthood.

For Victorians, control was part of not only the social order, but their understanding of place and time in the world. As Alice tumbles down the rabbit hole: "Down, Down, would that fall never end? (Carroll, 13), she still remains so "logical" in that, "I wonder what the latitude or Longitude I've got to?" Ibid.) Education,…… [Read More]

Sander, David. The Fantasic Sublime: Romanticism and Transcendence in Nineteenth-Century Fantasy Literature. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1996.

Thacker, Debora and Jean Webb. Introducing Children's Literature. New York: Routledge, 2002.

Walker, Stan. "Novels for Students: Alice in Wonderland." 1999. < >.
View Full Essay

Woolf and Walker the Relationships

Words: 1679 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 18627806

This full spectrum of relationships implies that fully-functioning and developed societies can form around these relationships, and that they are not dependent upon male relationships whatsoever. The strength of the females in the Color Purple culminates in such an organization of their community; and, we are led to believe, that this particular community possesses the capacity to satisfy the women's physical and spiritual needs far better than any male-dominated society could offer.

Woolf does not make this same contention in "The New Dress." Although it could be argued, from her other works, that she might possibly agree with such an ultimate organization of female society, "The New Dress" seems to focus more upon the inadequacies of social communication in general, irrespective of gender. This is not to say that gender is not a concern in the story, merely that the overall organization of the society that Mabel finds herself in does not permit any fully intimate relationships with anyone. Whereas Celie is able to find God again through her relationship with Shug, Mabel, we are left to believe, finds satisfaction through her individual pursuit of literature and recognition of the little beauties in everyday life. Elementally, Mabel's female relationships are…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Walker, Alice. The Color Purple. New York: Pocket Books, 1982.

Woolf, Virginia. "The New Dress." A Haunted House and Other Short Stories. eBooks, 2004. Available:
View Full Essay

Problem in the Black Nationalist Movement

Words: 1002 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 84439738

Everyday Use

Alice Walker's short story "Everyday Use" is about a mother who has two daughters, one who has remained at home and appreciates their family heirlooms because of their connection to the home and their family, and another daughter who has become interested in the Black Nationalist movement and who looks at the same articles and appreciates them more for their aesthetic appeal than their deeper meaning. Through this story, Walker makes a larger statement about the Black Nationalist movement to which daughter Dee belongs. She claims to want to honor her African heritage by adopting a more ethnic sounding name and by holding on to items which have meaning to her history as a descendant of slaves. This is a peripheral connection to her heritage and has no true meaning. Dee desires of her family treasures in order to fit in with a group, not because she has any true feeling about her circumstances or the plight of the African-American community.

The Black Nationalist Movement began as a tangential occurrence to the Civil Rights Movement. While certain men like Martin Luther King, Jr. And Medger Evers were preaching equality and nonviolent resistance, there was another faction gaining support…… [Read More]

Works Cited:

doComo. "Notes on the Black Cultural Movement." 2011. Web. Nov. 2011.

Skyers, Sophia. "Marcus Garvey and the Philosophy of Black Pride." 1982. Print.

Walker, Alice. "Everyday Use." In Love and Trouble. 1973. Print.
View Full Essay

Everyday Use

Words: 1459 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 33723607

Everyday Use by a. Walker Order

Alice Walker

There have and are well-known authors that literature students are introduced to and discussed because of the intensity, reasons, persona, and literary devices that the authors add to works they publish. Using writing techniques, like Alice Walker has done in "Everyday Use" she originally wrote in 1973, she sets the scene from a place in her time when she was living life and facing the facts and realities of prejudice people in America that were directly mean to her for being an African-American. However, when Walker went to these extremes for her readers, she became one of many of the bestselling novelists in which some of her work turned in to motion pictures like her major fiction The Color Purple A Native to Georgia, Walker, as an African-American her main themes to the stories she chose to write about had a lot to do with the reflection of living in America as a black woman who wanted to be treated like her white native neighbors and have equal rights like the whites had over blacks at one time. Her creative writing skills were from gender issues, children's stories, nonfiction, fiction, poetry, abuse…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Literature Poetry

Words: 479 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 72766453

Alice Walker, and "The Child by Tiger," by Thomas Wolfe. Specifically, it will compare and contrast the theme of the story, the overall message each author is trying to convey. When a story confronts racism, but is unconsciously racist in its portrayal of minority characters, it contains "racism within racism," and does not give a balanced view of the minority characters. Both of these stories contain racism within racism, and defeat the purpose of writing "intelligently" about blacks.


In "The Child by Tiger" Wolfe portrays Dick Prosser as a typical black man of the time, working at menial jobs for low wages. Yet here is a man who served in the Army, obviously with some responsibility, who is reduced to chopping wood and cooking, and it is accepted, not only by the people in the story, but by the author as well. When he goes crazy, he is just a "crazy" nigger, and only the whites that are shot really matter. Then it is discovered the Jewish pawnbroker sold him the rifle, and the Jew's portrayal is even more racist than Dick's. Wolfe attempts to portray Dick as a victim of the world he lived in, but…… [Read More]


Walker Alice. In Love and Trouble: Stories of Black Women. New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1973.

Wolfe, Thomas. The Web and the Rock. New York: Harper & Brothers, 1939.
View Full Essay

African-American Women Literature Didion and

Words: 1418 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 58006144

That being said, it is quite difficult to be honest with oneself, even thought as we stand in front of the mirror, naked and bare, Didion says we remain "blind to our fatal weaknesses." One might think that being too self-critical would damage the ego, but for Didion, it is completely the opposite -- by knowing out flaws, accepting some and working towards the goal of solving others, we become more actualized and powerful. Without this realization, "one eventually discovers the final turn of the screw: one runs away to find oneself, and finds no one at home."

Both Didion and Walker focus on self-respect, self-actualization, and in a very real way, a pseudo-Marxian approach to alienation from society. There are several points in common for the authors: one's own approach to self; seeking and finding self-respect; and taking an active role in our own place in the universe. Conversely, Didion and Walker differ in their central approach to the subject, ways of internal and external communication, and the ability to find the "center" as a means of affirmation and attribution of self.

Walker's approach to the paradigm of self-respect is like a comfortable robe, frayed at the edges, but…… [Read More]

Hooks, B. Rock My Soul: Black People and Self-Esteem. Washington Square Press, 2004.

Sanford, L. Women and Self-Esteem: Understanding and Improving the Way We Think

About Ourselves. Penguin, 1987.
View Full Essay

Dee in the Story and

Words: 1537 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 77362703

In conclusion, by the end of this short story, the mother (narrator) has a far greater understanding and appreciation of her daughters. She has become closer to Maggie and learned to see Dee for what she really is - a patronizing snob who is embarrassed about her roots. Dee ignores her heritage and creates a new environment for herself, including her name, because she is ashamed of her family home. She does not understand that one of the most significant things in life is family and the love and acceptance of that family. The story is written about two sisters, but it is really about the acceptance and love of a good family, and what Dee is losing because she cannot acknowledge that love.… [Read More]


Cowart, David. "Heritage and Deracination in Walker's 'Everyday Use'." Studies in Short Fiction 33.2 (1996): 171+.

Dieke, Ikenna, ed. Critical Essays on Alice Walker. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1999.

Farrell, Susan. "Fight vs. Flight: A Re-evaluation of Dee in Alice Walker's 'Everyday Use'." Studies in Short Fiction 35.2 (1998): 179+.

Rose, Mike. "COMETS in the Classroom." The Nation 16 Oct. 1995: 424+.
View Full Essay

Power of Narrative and Voice

Words: 2243 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 37253713

Janie in Zora Neale Hurston's Their Eyes Were Watching God and Celie in Alice Walker's the Color Purple

The main character and narrator of Zora Neale Hurston's novel Their Eyes Were Watching God (1937), Janie, has much in common with the narrator and main character Celie within Alice Walker's novel The Color Purple (1982). Each speaks authentically, in her own voice: the too-often ignored voice of an African-American female in a white male-dominated society. For both characters, however, authenticity of voice has come at great cost, and through the surmounting of numerous obstacles, the greatest of these being the fears and the lack of confidence within themselves. I will discuss several common characteristics of Celie and Janie within these two novels by female African-American authors.

As Henry Louis Gates, Jr. suggests, fear and hesitancy by African-Americans, male and female alike, to speak authentically, has deep roots: "For just over two hundred years, the concern to depict the quest of the black speaking subject to find his or her voice has been a repeated topos [sic]" (p. 29). Both Janie and Celie are young African-American women, essentially alone and unprotected in the world. Therefore, each character is forced to find her…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Berlant, Lauren. "Race, Gender, and Nation in The Color Purple" in Modern

Critical Interpretations: Alice Walker's The Color Purple. Harold Bloom (Ed.).

Philadelphia, PA: Chelsea House, 2000. 3-11. Questia Online Library.

Retrieved May 22, 2005, from:
View Full Essay

English Literature the Short Stories

Words: 1440 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 20202774

In this light. Dee represents the most successful fulfillment of the material side of the American Dream (Whitsitt). On the other hand, she is unsuccessful at preserving what is most beautiful about her culture by no longer honoring it in any practical sense. In this, she represents the tragedy of loss in terms of meaning, culture, and heritage in blind pursuit of material gain and social success.

The Red Convertible" by Louise Erdrich

The story by Louise Erdrich similarly demonstrates a dichotomy between the past, the potential of the future, and the scars that cannot be healed as a result of trauma and tragedy. The American Dream and its destruction in this story is represented by two brothers and their initially healthy relationship (Sboosh). As young men, Henry and Lyman are happy-go-lucky and somewhat irresponsible. Their relationship is healthy and close, represented by a red convertible that they buy restore, and subsequently use to travel throughout the country. They are as free as it is possible to be, and appear to live the American Dream in every sense of the word (Sboosh).

The tragedy that separates them is the Vietnam war. The war represents circumstances beyond the control of citizens…… [Read More]


Powell, Rachel. Character Analysis and Symbolism in Alice Walker's Everyday Use. Dec 03, 2007. Associated Content.

Sboosh Academic Article Library. Loss of Innocence in Louise Erdrich's the Red Convertible. 2008.

Walker, Kristen. Symbolism in the Red Convertible by Louise Erdrich. Jul 15, 2008. Associated Content.

Whitsitt, Sam. In Spite of it all: A reading of Alice Walker's "Everyday Use." African-American Review, Fall, 2000. Database: FindArticles.
View Full Essay

Color of Oppression in 'The

Words: 1473 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 44394249

They tear her nose loose on one side. They blind her in one eye. She swole from head to foot. Her tongue the size of my arm, it stick out tween her teef like a piece of rubber. She can't talk. And she just about the color of an eggplant" (Walker, Part 2, pg. 87).

In this case, the color purple is used as a symbol of the oppression of the black woman. Because a black women hit a white man, Sofia was put in prison. After she got out, she was made to work as a maid for the mayor's wife for another 20 years. Black women were not allowed to defend themselves in any manner and had to take their beatings. Fear was the major tool used for the oppression of black women in the Old South. Their purple bruises were the outward symbol of their oppression.

Dreams Never Mentioned

The black women in the south had to chose between their need for freedom and self-determination and safety. Celie puts it best, "I don't say nothing. I think bout Nettie, dead. She fight, she run away. What good it do? I don't fight, I stay where I'm told.…… [Read More]


Bloom, H. Alice Walker's the Color Purple. Philadelphia, PA: Chelsea House. Place of Publication: Philadelphia. 2000. pp. 181.

Byerman, K. Desire and Alice Walker: The Quest for a Womanist Narrative. Johns Hopkins University Press. 1989. p. 321.

Cutter, M. Philomela Speaks: Alice Walker's Revisioning of Rape Archetypes in the Color Purple. MELUS. 2000. pp. 161.

Magill, F., Kohler, D., and Mazzeno, L. Masterplots: 1,801 Plot Stories and Critical Evaluations of the World's Finest Literature. African-American Literature Series. # 47. Salem Press. 1996.
View Full Essay

Beauty of Joy Forever the

Words: 1356 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 19191640

Beauty's totality, therefore, is much more than qualities that one can see or perceive with the senses.

Yet perhaps the most enduring aspect of beauty and its true value to the world and beyond lies in its capacity to foster love. Quite simply, beauty is loved, and love, at the same time, is certainly beautiful. Walker comes to this conclusion at the end of her essay, in which her low esteem for herself regarding her personal appearance due to her eye accident is instantaneously overcome by a single statement from her daughter. That statement in and of itself is not as important as the reaction it provoked within the author, who was able to come to terms with her own beauty and the love it inspired as a result, which the following quotation proves.

Crying and laughing I ran to the bathroom, while Rebecca mumbled and sang herself to sleep. Yes indeed, I realized, looking into the mirror. There was a world in my eye. And I saw that it was possible to love it: that in fact, for all it had taught me of shame and anger and inner vision, I did love it (Walker).

This quotation is important…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Sontag, Susan. "Woman's Beauty: Put-down or Power Source." Occasions

For Writing: Evidence, Idea. Ed. Robert Diyanni. Page: 245-246. Print.

Walker, Alice. "Beauty: When the Other Dancer Is the Self." Occasions

For Writing: Evidence, Idea. Ed. Robert Diyanni. Page: 251-255. Print.
View Full Essay

Brent Staples Called Black Men

Words: 1435 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 74958840

While America prides itself in declaring it is a free nation where people with different skin colours live in harmony and where democracy is victorious, providing people with the same rights and benefits, the sour truth is that the same America is strongly prejudiced against non-white people.

Not only are they feared or believed to be inferior, but the whites express their superiority through measures which have real deep impact upon the lives of the others. Such is the case of the characters in the novel written in 1982, such is the case with the author of the "Black men and public spaces" essay and such is the case with yesterday's adventure involving Harvard professor Gates.

The characters in "The color purple" communicate their pessimist views regarding the evolution of the Americans society in which the very development of black people is biased. The author suggests that while black people officially have the same rights as the white ones, the prejudice and racism of the latter is manifested so strongly on an everyday basis in all the public spaces that this will surely impact the growth of the black children. The author believes they will either turn out to be…… [Read More]


"Race and ethnicity: life in the melting pot (1878-1899). American Eras, Volume 8: Development of the Industrial United States, 1878-1899. Retrieved May 13, 2010 from

"Racism as a factor in slavery." History in dispute Retrieved May 13, 2010 from

Staples, B. Black men and public spaces. Retrieved May 13, 2010 from,+Brent+Staples.pdf

Walker, Al. The color purple. Harcourt. 2003
View Full Essay

Appealing to a White Christian

Words: 1926 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 86492931

As a character, Celie's own experiences have not engaged her on the same levels that Shug's sexual experiences have. This is to say that Celie's life and collection of experiences have not been personally gratifying or freeing in the way that Shug suggest sexual experiences should or can be. To Shug, sex is more about the personal gratification and the freedom of bodily and emotional expression that comes with the act of making love (Selzer, 69). Since Celie's life has revolved around taking care of her children and making sure the men in her life are happy, she really hasn't had much time to develop her own personal sex life in a gratifying or selfish way.

It is important to make the distinction between acting selfishly as the men in Celie's life have and acting selfishly as Shug suggests Celie do. These are two separate things, and the act of making love is supposed to be a shared emotional and physical expression of love. This is where Shug's interpretation of virginity comes into play. She argues to Celie that if she has not experienced sex through the lens of a personal expression of her own sexual freedom and desire (and…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Gates, Henry L. And Nellie Y. McKay. The Norton Anthology of African-American

Literature, 2nd Ed. New York: Norton, 2004.

Hamilton, Carole. "Dutchman: Baraka's Concept of the Revolutionary Theatre." Drama

for Students. Ed. Marie Rose Napierkowski. Vol. 3. Detroit: Gale, 1998. pp. 228-235.
View Full Essay

Homeland Heritage and Everyday Objects

Words: 703 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 25335251

African-Americans, as members of a group who were forcibly migrated to America are not immigrants, and Native Americans are the original inhabitants of this land. But Chinese-Americans such as Amy Tan, although she is a daughter of willing immigrants to America, also experience identity conflicts. In "Half and Half" Amy Tan explicitly identifies her protagonist Rose as feeling half American, half Chinese in a manner that often makes her feel adrift in the world. Part of this passivity, Tan suggests, is Rose's guilt and self-loathing from accidentally letting her brother drown when she was supposed to be watching him. In the midst of a bitter divorce, Rose eventually reconnects emotionally with her mother and resolves to fight for the house she loves. Asserting her right to a physical homeland in America becomes a source of pride for Rose -- her home becomes her homeland in America, and establishes her right to exist, a right she doubted after her brother died. Despite the fact that her mother and she have different understandings of the importance of physical space and objects, the two women, representing east and west, find common ground in Rose's right to her home.

A sense of common ground…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Women Are Confined in Society as Depicted

Words: 1150 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 42380582

women are confined in society as depicted in the stories by Steinback, Joyce and Oates.

Stories set in the end of the 19th century and beginning of the 20th century often depict women as being confined to the norms of society even while they struggle to be free. Authors of literary works may they be short or long stories have often presented these women as being frustrated with the status imposed upon them and show the problems they face in a patriarchal society. In John Steinback's Chrysanthemums for instance, the female character Elisa Allen has been portrayed as "a strong, capable woman kept from personal, social, and sexual fulfillment by the prevailing conception of a woman's role in a world dominated by men" (Steinback, 306). Her appearance, manner and speech all suggest that she is a woman frustrated with the male dominated world. Her husband forever reminds Elisa that she is a 'woman' and her only strength lies in her Chrysanthemums.

The author's portrayal of Elisa is set in a masculine tone so that her femininity is enhanced and the domination of the male shown. She has to struggle to be noticed and when she finally does get noticed it…… [Read More]


Walker, Alice. "Everyday Use." The Norton Anthology, 4th ed., shorter. New York: Norton, 1995.

Wright, Richard. "The Man Who Was Almost a Man" available at

Oates, Joyce Carol. "Where Are You Going, Where Have You Been?" accessed on 8-11-2002 at:
View Full Essay

Young Adult Is Advantageous Historical

Words: 984 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 2408900

A work of non-fiction does not have to be about a person, however. Non-fiction work can include theories of social studies, presented in interesting and new ways. Non-fiction is tremendously helpful in lesson planning because the prose elucidates issues in subjects like science and social studies.

Question 6: Although she is not remembered as a major figure in the Civil Rights Movement, Marian Anderson's life contributed to some of the reforms that African-American citizens demanded. Discuss how her voice "challenged" a nation.

Marian Anderson was an accomplished African-American singer. Anderson broke the color barrier in the arts, just as Jackie Robinson did in sports. Anderson's success challenged prevailing social norms, as she became a visible figure in America's most elite concert halls. Anderson began indirectly using her voice as a political tool, channeling her success into achieving broader civil rights goals.

Question 7: Describe how the city of Philadelphia, its residents and government were impacted by the yellow fever epidemic of 1793 as outlined in the book by the same title. Be sure to mention at least two actual people who were influenced by the event.

In the summer of 1793, Philadelphia's position as the largest city in the United…… [Read More]

Works Cited

American Library Association. "Terms and Criteria." Retrieved Dec 8, 2009 from

"Yellow Fever Attacks, 1793" Eye Witness to History. Retrieved Dec 8, 2009 from
View Full Essay

Love and Hate

Words: 986 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 74030127


There are a number of poignant similarities between Mama in Alice Walker's short story "Everyday Use" and Delia in Zora Neale Hurston's short story "Sweat." Both women are matriarch figures, African-American, and live in rural surroundings. As such, they each have a healthy dose of what is referred to as common sense -- although to other cultures and outsiders they may talk and act like simple, ignorant country bumpkins. Perhaps it is this perception of the two that makes them so accommodating to the will of others. But the principle similarity between each of these women is that she has a threshold for her tolerance level, and once it is broached she acts in a way that is belied by her simple, rustic manners.

There are domestic issues plaguing each of the matriarchs in their respective tales, which substantially contribute to the point at which they refuse to tolerate the demands or the inflexibilities of others. For Mama in Walker's story, the source of her domestic disturbance comes in the form of her eldest daughter, Dee. Dee believes that she is more sophisticated, worldly and savvy than her simple mother and Mama's youngest daughter, Maggie. As such, she believes…… [Read More]

View Full Essay

Kate Chopin 1850-1904 Was Born Katherine O'Flaherty

Words: 1056 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 43443178

Kate Chopin (1850-1904) was born Katherine O'Flaherty in St. Louis, Missouri, in 1850. She didn't begin her writing career until after 1882, the year in which her husband, Oscar Chopin died (Toth). She spent several years publishing short stories, based on the Creole and Cajun cultures of Louisiana, where she and Oscar had lived. Her first novel, At Fault, was published in 1890. It was her second novel The Awakening that caused the backlash of the press because of Chopin's depiction of a woman with a developing sense of independence, and sexual discovery (Toth). This novel has since become her masterpiece and legacy, and what she is remembered for. She died in 1904, long before her genius was truly recognized or appreciated.

Kate Chopin's writing style is descriptive, and yet simplistic. Her tendency to focus on women has become a thread through which all her stories are woven. Her feminist appeal stems from her gradual evolution to write stories about empowering women, as well as women's desires, and needs. Chopin's characters, as stated before, tend to focus on the Creole and Cajun women she exposed herself to during her married life (Toth). She accurately and beautifully wrote about their mannerisms,…… [Read More]


Chopin, Kate. "The Kiss." From Kate Chopin, Complete Novels & Stories (Library of America, 136). Ed. Sandra Gilbert. Library of America. 2002, pp. 775-777

Chopin, Kate. "A Pair of Silk Stockings." From Kate Chopin, Complete Novels & Stories (Library of America, 136). Ed. Sandra Gilbert. Library of America. 2002, pp. 816-820

Chopin, Kate. "A Respectable Woman." From Kate Chopin, Complete Novels & Stories (Library of America, 136). Ed. Sandra Gilbert. Library of America. 2002, pp. 506-509

Toth, Emily. Unveiling Kate Chopin. Missouri: University of Missouri Press. 1999, 290 pages.
View Full Essay

Women First Wave Susan B

Words: 1812 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 15247087

She is the daughter of Alice Walker, who wrote the Color Purple. She took her mother's maiden name at the age of 18. Rebecca graduated cum laude from Yale University in 1993, and moved on to co-found the Third Wave Foundation. She is considered to be one of the founding leaders of third-wave feminism. In addition to her contributing editorship for Ms. Magazine, Walker's work has also been published by Harper's, Essence, Glamour, Interview, Buddhadharma, Vibe, Child, and Mademoiselle magazines. Her relationship with her mother has been strained because of various public indictments the younger Walker made against her. Nevertheless, some believe that Rebecca might not have been as famous or powerful today without her ties to the illustrious Alice Walker.

Jennifer Baumgardner is a prominent voice for women and girls. She works as a writer, speaker and activist. During 1993-1997, she worked as the youngest editor at Ms. Magazine, after which she began writing for various publications, including Harper's and the Nation. She has also written for major women's magazines, such as Jane, Glamour, Marie Claire, and Elle. She co-authored the book Manifesta: Young Women, Feminism, and the Future and Grassroots: A Field Guide with Amy Richards. Jennifer is…… [Read More]

Rebecca Walker was born in 1969 as Rebecca Leventhal in Jackson, Mississippi. She is the daughter of Alice Walker, who wrote the Color Purple. She took her mother's maiden name at the age of 18. Rebecca graduated cum laude from Yale University in 1993, and moved on to co-found the Third Wave Foundation. She is considered to be one of the founding leaders of third-wave feminism. In addition to her contributing editorship for Ms. Magazine, Walker's work has also been published by Harper's, Essence, Glamour, Interview, Buddhadharma, Vibe, Child, and Mademoiselle magazines. Her relationship with her mother has been strained because of various public indictments the younger Walker made against her. Nevertheless, some believe that Rebecca might not have been as famous or powerful today without her ties to the illustrious Alice Walker.

Jennifer Baumgardner is a prominent voice for women and girls. She works as a writer, speaker and activist. During 1993-1997, she worked as the youngest editor at Ms. Magazine, after which she began writing for various publications, including Harper's and the Nation. She has also written for major women's magazines, such as Jane, Glamour, Marie Claire, and Elle. She co-authored the book Manifesta: Young Women, Feminism, and the Future and Grassroots: A Field Guide with Amy Richards. Jennifer is also involved in foundations such as Honor the Earth, the Planned Parenthood Federation of America, and the Third Wave Foundation.

Like Jennifer, Amy Richards is an activist, writer, organizer and feminist in the United States. She graduated from Barnard College in 1992, and has appeared on various talk and television shows. She received her degree in Art History after a cum laude graduation. She was a co-founder of the Third Wave Foundation and works as a primary spokesperson and leading voice for young feminists. She lectures and writes about feminism today, focusing on the way in which younger people are contributing to their communities. She is the voice for Ask Amy, an online advice column she has run at since 1995. Her work has appeared in many publications, including the Nation, the LA Times, Bust, and Ms. The American Association of University Women chose her as a 2004 Woman of Distinction, while Barnard College honored Amy for her achievements in 2007.
View Full Essay

Racism Time Changes Everything Reading These Two

Words: 2488 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 65926750


Time changes everything; reading these two pieces of work reminds the author of that fact and so much more. Both The Welcome Table, by Alice Walker, and the poem What it's Like to be a Black Girl, by Smith speak out of the dust of the past to those who now live in the future. It is interesting to note that though the subject matter of racist attitudes pervades each story, both writings provide a viewpoint that is unique; The Table deals with an old negro lady on the verge of death, while a Black Girl deals with the other end of the spectrum; a young black girl addressing puberty and adolescence and the troubles and trials facing a maturing young lady. While presenting two differing points-of-view, each offers a strikingly similar stance; that racism affects those who feel its insidious influence in a myriad of ways.

As one article states "Alice Walker is known for her landmark novel The Color Purple, but her short stories are equally intense, often weaving dreamy surrealism and the harsh realities of racism with unforgettable characters" (Walker, 2003, p. 32), and the lead character in this piece of work is indeed unforgettable; described…… [Read More]


Arai, S. & Kivel, B.D.; (2009) Critical race theory and social justice perspectives on whiteness, difference(s) and (anti) racism: A fourth wave of race research in leisure studies, Journal of Leisure Research, Vol. 41, Issue 4, pp. 459 -- 470

Crainshaw, J.; (2007) Living the feast: Liturgical etiquette for Beulah's table, Liturgy, Vol. 22, Issue 1, pp. 19 -- 26

Gordon, I.; (2005) Hallejuah! The Welcome Table: A lifetime of memories with recipes, Library Journal, Vol. 130, Issue 13, p. 133

Hinds, J.P.; (2010) Traces on the blackboard: The vestiges of racism on the African-American psyche, Pastoral Psychology, Vol. 59, Issue 6, pp. 783 -- 798
View Full Essay

African-American Women's Literature Unlike Any

Words: 3455 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 93315520

The fact that this figure remains a guess says something important about what Morrison was up against in trying to find out the full story of the slave trade. Much of that story has been ignored, left behind, or simply lost.

Through her works she attempted to retell the stories of grief associated with slavery and terror, her characters living their lives with greater understanding of its value than almost any other set of characters in fiction today.

Within the genre of the autobiography there is a different tenor of thought the words and deeds are that of the author and the message is clearly self, devolvement. Angelou in the Heart of a Woman demonstrates the ideals of her time, as a civil rights organizer and protestor. She clearly spells out the strife that exists between whites, and blacks and the dangerous dance they are doing during what most would call the most heated years of the civil rights movement (1957-1962). It is for this reason ands well as her unflagging representation of the depth of her character and experience that makes this work about much more than just the surface of her story.

As a serial autobiographer she must…… [Read More]

Maya Angelou, the Heart of a Woman, (New York, Bantam Books, 1981) 97.

Maya Angelou, the Heart of a Woman, (New York, Bantam Books, 1981) 191.

Alice Walker in love & Trouble: Stories of Black Women (New York Harcourt Press, 1973) 47-59.
View Full Essay

Literary Techniques & Rhetorical Situations

Words: 916 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 67426463

Because Celie idolizes Shug Avery she wants to make her a special quilt, out of affection.

At the start of this endeavor Celie writes, more fluently now to God:

Me and Sofia work on the quilt. Got it frame up on the porch. Shug Avery donate her old yellow dress for scrap, and I work in a piece every chance I get. it's a nice pattern called Sister's Choice. If the quilt turn out perfect, maybe I give it to her, if it not perfect, maybe I keep [emphasis added].

Walker, the Color Purple, p. 62)

The pattern name "Sister's Choice" points rhetorically toward sisterly closeness Celie feels toward Shug and Sofia based on bonding that has occurred during their conversations together. Earlier Celie has been submissive, meek, obedient, and not at all her own person. Now though, Celie's increased fluency of both verbal and written communication corresponds to and accompanies her bonding with Shug Avery and Sofia.

Metaphorically also, Celie has before now always felt 'ripped apart' from her deepest attachments: her sister; her mother; and as a result of that her own yearned-for sense of self that comes to a child only from close identification with and assurances…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Walker, Alice. The Color Purple. New York:

Pocket, 1982.
View Full Essay

African-American Authors Have Been Essential to Elucidation

Words: 1311 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 30300562

African-American authors have been essential to elucidation of the race and gender issues that face Blacks living in America. In particular, Black female authors have confronted the woes of societal stereotypes and idiosyncrasies that reflect life in America for people of color. The intention of this discussion is to examine how women writers analyze the race, class, and gender discrimination that black women have often faced. We will examine the works The Color Purple by Alice Walker and The Bluest Eye written by Toni Morrison.

Alice Walker

First let's examine The Color Purple which was published in 1982 and subsequently became an academy award nominated screenplay. There are several aspects of the novel that explore race, class and gender. The novel is narrated by a character named Celie. The primary theme of this novel has to do with plight of Celie and explores the manner in which women are treated by the men that are supposed to love them.

During Celie's life she was raped by her step father and physically abused by her husband. Walker illustrates how such abuse can have a damaging effect on the human mind. The abuse that Celie endures has an impact on the way…… [Read More]

Works Cited

ClassicNote on The Bluest Eye.

Morrison, Toni. The Bluest Eye. New York: Simon & Schuster. Edition 1970

Selzer, Linda. Race and domesticity in 'The Color Purple.'

Walker, Alice. The Color Purple. New York: Harcourt, 1982
View Full Essay

Racism and Prejudice Explored in

Words: 1757 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 11124894

Thebedi suffers because of the same reason but her story reveals how broken a race becomes after years of repeated abuse. Thebedi lives in a culture thousands of miles away from the segregation realized in America but somehow, that mentality made its way across the ocean. The most amazing aspect of this story is the fact that it could have taken place on an American farm. The white man's ways belittled the black man even in his own land. Prejudice is no respecter of persons. While we associate it with whites and blacks in America, across the globe people are killed and mistreated for all kinds of beliefs. One thing is clear: this state of mind comes from within the heart of man, not from without. Children play with each other without restraint and it is only when they begin to adopt the beliefs of their elders that they begin to see things differently. Paulus and Thebedi would have been find had the world not interfered with their relationship. Young or old, people suffer from prejudice and while mankind might like to blame his ancestors for the way he thinks and feels, this is just an excuse to carry on…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Gordimer, Nadine. "Country Lovers."

Walker, Alice. "The Welcome Table."
View Full Essay

Power of Preconceived Notions in

Words: 1137 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 22831544

From children to adults, we see how their world is colored by preconceived notions. When Roberta declares that she is "Mrs. Kenneth Norton," we realize she has "arrived." Twyla understands what it means to take on such a name and immediately assume that Roberta is wealthy. She is correct in her assumption when Roberta confesses that she has two servants. Roberta has no interest in what her husband does as all she knows about his work is that it involves "Computers and stuff. What do I know?" (Morrison). While they are reminiscing, Roberta says, "Oh, Twyla, you know how it was in those days: black-white. You know how everything was." (Morrison). This statement causes Twyla to admit that she did not know what Roberta was speaking about but it also demonstrates how children are instilled with preconceived notions. The girls were not aware of the reasons behind their behavior. However, they did judge other people by their race. When Roberta makes the comment about how race issues used to be, we see awareness but no real reconciliation. Here we see how time and memory are playing tricks on Twyla. She understands the direction Roberta's life has taken and she also…… [Read More]

Work Cited

Morrison, Toni. "Recitatif." Textbook. Editor. City: Publisher. Year. Print.

Walker, Alice. "Everyday Use." The Norton Anthology of Short Fiction. Cassill, R.V., ed. New

York W.W. Norton and Company. 1981. Print.
View Full Essay

Raising Children in the U S

Words: 4137 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 15568785

This often creates a frustrating situation within the home, as children and parents may clash over these ideas.

Of course, cultural issues are not the only differences in parenting in the United States. Phegley (2009) states that parents can easily identify what they want in their relationships with their children -- they wan the best. The best, she argues, "is entirely up to an individual's perception" (para. 2). Thus, parents often have different styles of parenting. These differences are often based upon differences in views about authority, respect, rewards, punishments, formalities, etc. While some argue that differences in parenting styles can benefit children, they can also become a source of tension within the family (Phegley, 2009). Because of this parents who have different styles of parenting might actually harm their children though fighting with each other about the best ways to parent. Thus, parenting styles in the United States further reflect the negative action and tension within the family, although they do allow for diversity and a variety of choices.

By examining how children are perceived in U.S. society, how adults interact with them, and different parenting styles or ways in which children are raised, many generalizations can be made.…… [Read More]


Child Help. (2009). "National Child Abuse Statistics." Retrieved April 5, 2009, from Child Help. Web Site:

Child Trends Data Bank. (2008, Summer). Family Structure. Retrieved April 5, 2009,

from the Child Trend Databank. Web Site:

Educator Support Network. (2007). Healthy and Unhealthy Cultures at Work. Retrieved April 5, 2009, from the Educators Support Network. Web Site:
View Full Essay

Women Authors and the Harlem

Words: 4238 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 4923057

Some artists, such as Aaron Douglas, captured the feeling of Africa in their work because they wanted to show their ancestry through art. Others, like Archibald J. Motley Jr., obtained their inspiration from the surroundings in which they lived in; where jazz was at the forefront and African-Americans were just trying to get by day-to-day like any other Anglo-American. Additionally, some Black American artists felt more comfortable in Europe than they did in America. These artists tended to paint landscapes of different European countries. Most of the latter, however, were ostracized for this because many black politicians felt they should represent more of their African culture in their work (Campbell 1994, Powell and Bailey).

Whatever the case, most African-American artists during this period of time had a similarity that tied them together. Black art was often very colorful and vivacious; having an almost rhythmic feel to it. This was appropriate because African-American culture was filled with a tremendous zeal for life and an excitement. Alongside paintings of black culture, the movement also focused on a freedom from captivity, and the passion for life so apparent in black culture (Ibid).

It is difficult, at times, to make a strong gender separation…… [Read More]


Allego, D. "Margaret Walker: Biographical Note." Modern American Poetry. 1997. Cited in: 

Beaulieu, E. Writing African-American Women: An Encyclopedia of Literature by and About

Women of Color. Greenwood Press, 2006.
View Full Essay

June Jordan

Words: 3822 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 66501965

Jordan has not been honored by naming any street or postal holidays. She was respected and recognized by her own milestones; as she designed modern Harlem with R. Buckminster Fuller, had coffee with Malcolm X, received suggestive teachings from Toni Cade Bambara, acted with Angela Davis in a film, and authored an opera with John Adams and Peter Sellars. Irrespective of so much achievements there was no 'Day' named after June Jordan. She was the awarded author of about two dozen books, a great American poet known both for creativity and collections and was one of most critical activists and teachers who have not yet been recognized. This paper is a good testimony to know her better. (June Jordan-

Jordan is all-inclusive as a poet, essayist, reporter, dramatist, academician, cultural and political activist, however above all she is an inspirational teacher both in words and actions and is considered an ethical person. Being the author of more than two dozen of publications in the fields of non-fiction, poetry, fiction, drama and children's writing she is considered to be the most widely acknowledged among the African-Americans writers. As the most widely acknowledged African-American writer, she provided a persistent confrontation to…… [Read More]


Brown, Kimberly N. (1999) "June Jordan (1936- )." Contemporary African-American Novelists: A Bio-Bibliographical Critical Sourcebook. Ed. Emmanuel S. Nelson. Westport, CT: Greenwood. pp: 233-37.

Busby, Margaret. "June Jordan" June 20, 2002. The Guardian. pp: A4-A5

Carpenter, Humphrey; Prichard, Mari. (1984) "Oxford Companion to Children's Literature" New York: Oxford University Press.

Jackson, Agnes Moreland. "June Jordan (b. 1936)" Retrieved from Accessed on 12 October, 2004
View Full Essay

Sweat by Zora Neal Hurston Specifically it

Words: 1960 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 86290527

Sweat, by Zora Neal Hurston. Specifically, it will contain a biography of the writer and criticism of her work "Sweat," along with another story.


Hurston was born on January 7, 1891. She grew up in Eatonville, Florida, which was the first all-black town incorporated in the United States. "She received her early education at the Hungerford School, modeled after Tuskegee Institute, with its guiding principles of discipline and hard work; Hungerford's founders had studied with Tuskegee's founder Booker T. Washington" (Hill XVII). An avid reader, she soon learned to love myth and lore, and teachers and friends encouraged her love of books and reading. When she attended college, she majored in English, and began writing for several journals. She wrote "Sweat" in 1926. She also studied anthropology, and traveled to the South to research black folk tales and voodoo. She also wrote plays and journal articles on folklore. "She was both observer and participant, as scholars have shown. The many commentaries on Hurston's skill translating both the participant and observer perspectives into her writing have opened myriad possibilities for looking at her text as examples of modernist narrative" (Hill XX). Hurston died in 1960, and…… [Read More]


Hesse-Biber, Sharlene, Christina Gilmartin, and Robin Lydenberg, eds. Feminist Approaches to Theory and Methodology: An Interdisciplinary Reader. New York: Oxford University Press, 1999.

Hill, Lynda Marion. Social Rituals and the Verbal Art of Zora Neale. Washington: Howard University, 1996.

Hurston, Zora Neal. "Sweat." Florida Gulf Coast University. 30 July 1996. 8 Dec. 2002. 

Their Eyes Were Watching God. New York: Perennial Classics, 1999.
View Full Essay

Cultures in Conflict & Change William Faulkner

Words: 3170 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 92610577

Cultures in Conflict & Change

William Faulkner leaves us in suspense at the end of a turbulent sequence of events titled "Barn Burning." Who killed whom? We could speculate from other books perhaps but those words are outside this story. Given that strict constraint, we don't really know. Sarty watches De Spain and his horse vanish in the distance and hears three shots, which he assumes kill his father at least, and perhaps older brother. This is the widest possible assumption but a fuller analysis would have to explore other possibilities. The result for Sarty is the same: He runs away from father, brother and the women's culture regardless who pulled which trigger(s) at the De Spain barn. Abner Snopes will appear here as 'AS,' De Spain as 'DS' and 'Sarty' as 'CSS' for brevity, but also abstraction, because Faulkner ('WF') sets up abstractions, through symbolic equations that permeate the entire allegory. These equations reveal the larger conflict WF presents, between cultures represented by each and every character.

Sarty's point-of-view is the primary lens through which the limited-onmiscient, third-person narrative unflolds (Sarty is the 'last man standing,' and also outlives all the other characters to reflect on these events "twenty…… [Read More]

references and habits; she is only one but the men single her out for different reasons, which were ultimately provoked in fact by an unusual weather event. If the workers ever fry and devour "an egg from some woman," it will not be she who caters to their taste for human flesh.
View Full Essay

Advertisements In the Advertisement Palmolive

Words: 510 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 56437593

However, on an emotional level, a woman who wanted a mild soap and was concerned about the aging effects of her current product might feel motivated to choose Palmolive.

TOPIC 2: Famous bios & thesis statements

A politician: Barak Obama changed what most pundits thought was possible for an African-American to accomplish in the modern political era: he was elected president. The combined crisis of the worldwide financial meltdown and the loss of confidence in American military power due to the conflicts in Iraq and Afghanistan had an undeniable impact in the success of Obama's campaign. But his personal charisma combined with his savvy use of the Internet for fundraising and populist appeals also had a strong influence in propelling him to victory.

A movie star: George Clooney skyrocketed to fame playing a sexy doctor on the popular television soap opera ER. However, he used his fame to build a career beyond that of a television celebrity based upon personal appearance. Clooney went on to direct critically-acclaimed movies such as Good Night, and Good Luck, in which his role as a producer and director eclipsed that of his secondary acting role.

Author: Alice Walker gained fame as the author of…… [Read More]