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Allergies, Parasites and the Hygiene Hypothesis
The objective of this study is to explain the relationship between allergies emergence due to parasites based on the hygiene hypothesis and the current information stating how valid this hypothesis is. Towards this end, this study will conduct a brief but intensive review of literature in this area of inquiry. The work of Liu and Leung (2006) report that the hygiene hypothesis has a long history. Categories of allergy and asthma are stated to include specific categories as follows: (1) infections; (2) microbial components; (3) gastrointestinal colonization; (4) soil microbiota; and (5) forces that reduce microbial burden. (Liu and Leung, 2006, p.1063) Stated as fundamental to the hypothesis is "that the microbial exposure of interest can potentially cause both healthful and harmful outcomes." (Ibid, 2006, p.1063) Reported is that this dual way of viewing this is in defiance of the "simplistic tendency to view…… [Read More]
Some of these foods with the antigen include wheat, soy, peanuts, and fish among others. A six-food elimination diet of these foods has resulted in histological and clinical remission for afflicted kids, with a 2011 research survey showing remission for eighty five percent of the children studied. Use of corticosteroids is an alternative to managing of Eosinophilic Esophagitis symptoms but, these drugs do not cure the disease, they only mitigate the severity of the symptoms. These symptoms can re-occur if the patient ceases taking these drugs (Gordon 36-40). To come up with better treatment for Eosinophilic Esophagitis, Food Allergy Centre is doing a study by comparing different approaches of therapy which includes eight-food and six-food elimination diets, corticosteroid therapies and elemental diets. These approaches apply to various patients, and these researchers assess the response of these patients to various therapies (Gordon 36-40).
The methodology of treating, diagnosing and containing food…… [Read More]
aromatherapy and allergies and the various nursing aspects and implications on the uses of aromatherapy as a treatment for allergies.
Aromatherapy is defined as the art of using essential oils taken from leaves, bark, roots, and flowers, to enhance moods, sharpen minds, awaken the individual's physical sense of being, and most important of all treat various allergies. y simply breathing in the fragrances present in the essential oils derived from these sources, an individual has a soothing effect on his or her soul, and arouses the sensual self. For thousands of years, man has used these essential oils of plants and flowers to improve both his physical as well as the emotional well being.
Though the effectiveness, strengths and the healing powers of the essential oils derived from various herbs, plants and flowers have proven in a number of ailments and allergies, their importance in aromatherapy has only recently been…… [Read More]
Pet Food and Pet Sensitivities:
As a reflection of the trend among humans that is approximated at 45% of the population, an estimated 10% of pets suffer from food intolerances. However, unlike popular belief, food intolerance is usually linked with the food that is commonly eaten. In most cases, pets tend to be allergic to beef and wheat as well as other common allergens like milk, soya, pork, maize, fish, and chicken. Food sensitivities can be described as the term that is used to broadly explain the different physiological reactions with certain foods or compound with a series of foods. On the other hand, food allergies are sensitivities originating from the reaction of a body's immune system to certain proteins in a food. Generally, an actual food allergy causes a response from the immune system that has significant negative impacts on various organs in the body.
For pet-owners, identifying dietary…… [Read More]
Uncontrolled Asthma and Allergies; Application of Nursing Theories
Asthma is often referred to as altered immune response, which results in inflammatory conditions that constricts the small airways leading to increased mucous production and bronchospasm. When experiencing asthmatic attacks, I often have difficulty in breathing, shivering, loss of energy and loss of appetite. My central concern has always been how to ensure I am not only able to take care of myself but also any other younger member of the family in managing the asthmatic condition and prevent possible attacks.
The theories that have been relevant in managing and living through the asthma and allergies that I have are as follows; most significant is the Bandura theory of self-efficacy. This is the emphasis that points towards the individual's behavior and skills in line with managing the condition he suffers from. Through this theory, I have focused on the behaviors that help…… [Read More]
Further questions I would have for Cathy during this visit are the following: Are you coughing phlegm (greenish in color)? Do you have a fever or feel ill or have a headache? Have you taken any long flights recently? Have you been feeling anxious about anything lately? Have you had any stiffness in your neck? Have you experienced a loss of appetite? Felt confused? Have you suffered from any seizures? Can you touch your chin to your chest? Do you drink alcohol? Do your ears feel full?
Because the patient has been using her inhaler when exercising, it is not likely that she would feel any pain in her chest because this is meant to prevent it; however, other signs are evident that she may have an infection and it is important to examine her body systems more closely.
The differential diagnosis list for this visit thus far…… [Read More]
Discussion: Assessing the Ears, Nose, and Throat
As Motomura et al. (2016) point out, “pale nasal mucosa is a typical clinical finding in subjects with severe allergic rhinitis” (p. 220). In the case of Richard, the 50 year old male who has presented with nasal congestion, sneezing, rhinorrhea, and postnasal drainage—in other words, an itchy nose, eyes, palate and ears which have bothered him for 5 days—the symptoms that Richard is exhibiting are very likely the effect of severe allergic rhinitis or what is commonly known as hay fever.
As hay fever routinely occurs in the summer and spring months when pollen and mold are in the air and can be highly concentrated in areas depending on geography and weather, it is important to take note of external factors—the environment—that might be impacting Richard over the past week. A history of his outdoor activities, where he lives, whether he has…… [Read More]
Still another option is immunotherapy. In 2000, the Immunotherapy Committee of the American Academy of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology compared the costs of medication and the single-injection allergen immunotherapy for allergic rhinitis. It found that the cost of medications is much greater. Allergen immunotherapy is generally safe and adverse reactions to are rare (Huggins 2004).
Opinion. - Human civilizations have tried to master nature and even modify it to a point where the body system reacts to certain substances it finds harmful to health. The reaction is an allergy. Human knowledge now has tried to look for ways to counteract the body's natural reaction to offenders or violators of its immune response. While the motivation to combat allergy in humans is always in favor of general well-being and health, a change in lifestyle and behavior may prove the easier way to health by agreeing with the body's way of sustaining…… [Read More]
Fletcher, V. (2006). How your birthday can cause allergies. UK News: Northern and Shell Media Publications. Retrieved on June 5, 2011 from http://www.express.co.uk/posts/view/206427/How-your-birthday-can-cause-allergies
Jedrychowski W. et al. (2003). Prenatal lead exposure heightens childhood allergies.
Environmental Health News: Environmental Health Sciences. Retrieved on June 5,
2011 from http://www.environmentalhealthnews.org/ehs/newscience.prenatal.lead-exposure-heightens-dhildhood-allergies
Schonberger et al. (2005). Prenatal exposure to mite and pet allergens and total serum
IgE at birth in high-risk children. Pediatric Allergy & Immunology: PubMed.
Retrieved on June 5, 2011 from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18702655
Lin L. et al. (2010). Prenatal allergen & diesel exhaust. Allergy, Asthma, & Clinical
Immunology: Columbia Center for Children's Environmental Health. Retrieved on June 5, 2011 from http://ccceh.hs.columbia.edu/ped-papers/LinAAC12010.pdf
Matthias, W. et al. (2005). Latitude, birth date and allergy. PLosMedicine: Public
Library of Science. Retrieved on June 5, 2011 from http://www.plosmedicine.org/article/info.doi/10.1371/journal.pmed.0020794
Pyrhonen, K. et al. (2010). Season of the first semester of pregnancy predicts sensitization to food allergens in childhood: a…… [Read More]
Forethought is necessary as is the ability to educate those around you and in some cases such precaution may lead to limitations on the child's activities, especially in cases where those who are ignorant of the seriousness of the issue discount and do not respond to offered education. Another mom who is managing a child with a peanut allergy stresses the two hardest things about having a child with this condition:
hat has been the hardest part about dealing with your child's peanut allergy for you? / Two things. First: Trust. Trusting that whoever is watching your child (be it at daycare or school or babysitting) REALLY understands the ramifications of her allergy. It doesn't matter if it's family or not, it's hard to trust another person with your child's care when they have a special need like this. I'm not worried about my daughter eating peanuts or peanut butter…… [Read More]
Community Outing isk eport: Touring Old Mesilla
The outing proposed needs to be a four hour tour for a group of 20 individuals with varied backgrounds, experience, and physical abilities. It needs to be an outdoor activity. The people in the group include four people in the 60-70-year range (three males and one female) two females over the age of 75, both of whom have health problems, four children between the ages of six and ten years old (one with chronic asthma and one with a severe peanut allergy), six people between the ages of 35 and 40 (three males and three females; one of the females is pregnant), and four people between the ages of 16 and 18 (2 males and 2 females). Furthermore, while everyone in the tour group is an English speaker, English is not the first language of the elderly members of the group (those age…… [Read More]
correctly identify opportunities and threats to the products of soap and laundry detergent. Specifically, three marketing environment forces will be identified that impact this type of products. These include environmental quality factors such as sewage treatment and other environmental pollution issues in the detergent manufacturing plants, allergies to chemicals or other ingredients in the products themselves and product changes dictated by various changes in washing machines. In the essay, the author will also describe each force and analyze why and how it will impact the soap and detergent industry.
One of the primary issues that the soap and laundry detergent is the issue of pollution in the manufacture of the product. hether from a desire to avoid running afoul of government fines and regulation, to avoid litigation from issues related to pollution or to avoid bad public relations or "ecotage" (actual sabotage by environmental radicals) this issue is probably the…… [Read More]
This writer would like to know if Ms. Barr ever felt the need to cut down on drinking or to stop and couldn't. This writer would like to know if Ms. Barr takes any other drugs or medication in order to sleep or make her feel better and if so how much, and how often.
Mental Health Symptoms:
Mental Status: This writer would like to ask Ms. Barr if she ever thought of harming herself or someone else. If yes, did she have a plan and when was the last time she thought about harming herself or someone else? This writer would like to know if she has ever harmed anyone intentionally. If yes, does she have a plan and when was the last time she harmed someone else. This writer would observe if Ms. Barr's physical characteristics such as clothing, hair color, eye color, mannerisims, interaction with her and…… [Read More]
Government Created a Committee
An electronic health record is a digital record of a patient's health information generated from every medical visit a patient makes. This information includes the patient's medical history, demographics, known drug allergies, progress notes, follow up visits, medications, vital signs, immunizations, laboratory data and radiological reports. The EH automates and streamlines a clinician's workflow. (Himss, 2009)
Due to the multiple advantages of an EH, health care agencies have been aiming to push up this technology. In 2004, the FDA approved of an implantable EH microchip into patients. Each microchip has a specific code which is identified through sensors. The device is implanted under the skin, in the back of the arm, requiring a twenty minute procedure, without needing the use of sutures. ("Fda approves computer," 2004)
According to the Center for Disease Control and Prevention, deaths due to preventable medical errors rank as the fifth most…… [Read More]
Therefore, it is very crucial for all the nurses examining the athletes to carefully differentiate the murmurs of the behaviors of athletes and recommend if it is safe for them to continue sports behaviour.
Discussion 2: Anaphylactic Shock
Anaphylaxis shock is a very dangerous and life threatening allergy reaction that needs right, quick and aggressive treatment on time. Due to lack of recognition, the exact evidence of this condition is difficult to know. There are also no laboratory markers or any particular tests that can be used in the emergency to diagnose this situation.
According to the Canadian Pediatric Surveillance Program it is "a severe allergic reaction to any stimulus, having sudden onset and generally lasting less than 24 hours, involving one or more body systems and producing one or more symptoms such as hives, flushing, itching, angioedema, stridor, wheezing, shortness of breath, vomiting, diarrhea or shock" (Simons, Chad and…… [Read More]
Mary Jane's laboratory results show there is an elevated white blood count, with CBC with differential within normal limits. Proton and INR were normal. Pregnancy was negative. UA showed occasional bacteria, but normal otherwise. Drug screen was normal, and EKG showed sinus bradycardia, rate of 59 beats per minute. Renal and hepatic functions were within normal limits.
There are four sexual response cycles, marked by physiological and psychological changes. The first stages is excitement, which Mary Jane is not getting with her partners, which is triggered by psychological or physical stimulation, and is marked by emotional changes, and increased heart rate, and vaginal swelling. Second stage is plateau, Mary Jane states she doesn't have this stimulation. The third stage is orgasm, which Mary Jane doesn't getting during intercourse, or she doesn't remember because she in under the influence of alcohol. The final phase, resolution, involves a rush of blood away…… [Read More]
A level of 126 mg/dL or above, confirmed by repeating the test on another day, means that you have diabetes.
An oral glucose tolerance test measures your blood glucose after you have gone at least 8 hours without eating and 2 hours after you drink a glucose-containing beverage. This test can be used to diagnose diabetes or pre-diabetes. OGTT is more sensitive than the FPG test for diagnosing pre-diabetes, but it is less convenient to administer. The OGTT requires you to fast for at least 8 hours before the test. Your plasma glucose is measured immediately before and 2 hours after you drink a liquid containing 75 grams of glucose dissolved in water.
If your blood glucose level is between 140 and 199 mg/dL 2 hours after drinking the liquid, you have a form of pre-diabetes called impaired glucose tolerance or IGT, meaning that you are more likely to develop…… [Read More]
For a fifty-seven-year-old man with a fairly unremarkable past medical history, surgery was recommended. Also, performing the surgery could have a positive impact upon his diverticulosis, urinary hesitation, Gerd, BPH (benign prostrate hyperplasia, or enlarged prostate) and mild anemia. A surgery to correct the inguinal hernia had been successfully performed in 1998 without incident, as did the patient's other surgeries, including his varicose vein stripping done in 1987 and eye surgery in 1995.
During an inguinal hernia repair procedure, first, the surgeon makes an incision and separates the muscle and tissues to expose the hernia sac. The sac is cut open and the contents are replaced into the abdomen, the neck of the hernia sac is tied, and the muscles and tissues are sutured. During a laparoscopic procedure the procedure is performed through tiny incisions, using an instrument with a camera attached and a video monitor to guide the repair.…… [Read More]
The patient is an 18-year-old of the Filipino-American origin. He has no known family history of ulcerative colitis or chronic illnesses similar to colitis. He is a high school senior student.
The patient complains of diarrhoea 3-4 times a month although it has been on and off for one year. There is no known allergy that the patient experiences.
He experienced rectal bleeding, rectal pain and often had an urgent need to empty his bowels. His diarrhoea had bloodstains with mucus at least once a month. This led to few red blood cells due to the low level of iron, which resulted from the bloody stool. He had belly pains, which he described as cramping and his belly felt sore if touched. He experienced constipation, but it was less frequent than diarrhoea. He had no signs of vomiting or nausea, but he…… [Read More]
Carl must be psychologically prepared to make such changes, however. Thus, as well as taking Carl's blood pressure and submitting a blood sample to have his cholesterol screened (getting his blood glucose level assessed, even though there were no problems in the past with this reading might also be wise), the nurse should try to obtain a full assessment of Carl's lifestyle. When and what does he eat? What are his work habits? His sleep habits? Has anything changed recently in his life? All of these factors could make a potentially meaningful impact upon both the test results and the eventual prescription for Carl to improve his health.
Carl is still very young to run the risk of having a heart attack: the risk of having a heart attack increases dramatically after age 65) so engaging in positive changes now is wise and prudent (Heart health screening, 2013, AHA). It…… [Read More]
Tracy Folsom is a 28-year-old female who was brought to the Emergency Department by her neighbor. The neighbor stated that Miss Folsom was found lying semi-conscious in the shower. The patient was received in the ED by the on call nurse. The nurse's performance with Miss Folsom's management is reviewed in this article.
Emergency evaluation of a patient is supposed be in a systematic manner. A systemic approach prevents the examiner from missing out important clues that may point to a patient's diagnosis. This approach is divided into primary and secondary.
As part of the Primary Assessment, the patient's Airway, Breathing, Circulation and degree of Disability was evaluated, as per protocol. Miss. Folsom's airway was patent, breathing was shallow, and her skin color was pink, indicating good perfusion. She was obeying commands and pupils were equal in size and reactive to light. It is also helpful to state…… [Read More]
The Snow Storm Lawsuit
Identify and explain at least three legal considerations.
- death due to improper medication
weak disaster preparedness plan
The main issue in this case is the snow storm. Is it the hospital's responsibility to maintain the level of care that they had previously promised when a natural occurrence causes a lack of staff? According to Medicare law and the World Health Organization, both agencies which protect the rights of healthcare professionals and patients, the hospital is responsible (WHO, 2009). The hospital was adequately staffed, albeit with staff who had worked on the previous shift. The nurses may have been tired, but they were supplemented by fresher staff members. There were adverse circumstances due to the storm, but the courts would look at the staffing of the hospital and see that these accidents could have been avoided.
The people who fell from their beds…… [Read More]
The assessment of my family is presented here for the academic purposes. The family comprises of six members that are working at different positions and live in personal home. Each member of family is educated. Based on questionnaire filled by all the family members, the summary is composed that will give an insight about the health of family.
Summary of each functional health pattern for family
The health perception-health function of the family suggests that it has an average health status. The health is not poor and the members are less vulnerable to severe health issues like diabetes and allergies yet there is a mild risk of getting cold and fever since there is low temperature at night and cool breezes during the morning. The family is suggested to have regular checkups and to take vitamins. Nutritional Metabolic Pattern of family shows that it has a healthy diet…… [Read More]
CUBAN CASE STUDY Mrs. Demetilla Hernandez a 63-year- Cuban woman seeks consultation Liberty health-maintenance organization (HMO) clinic weakness, lethargy, fatigue experienced 2 months. A week ago, cooking dinner daughter, Mariana's house, momentarily lost balance slipped kitchen floor.
CUBAN CASE STUDY
As a health-care provider, what are the typical Cuban communication patterns you need to be aware of in dealing with Mrs. Hernandez?
Latino families are often multigenerational in their composition. As the grandmother, Mrs. Hernandez assumes control over the family meals. This is a very important part of her identity. ather than communicating directly, food is love and emotions and feelings are communicated through food.
Q2. Describe the traditional Cuban food patterns. How would you assist Mrs. Hernandez
in developing a plan for a 1500-calorie diet and regular exercise?
People who have grown up in poor, food-insecure settings often develop patterns of eating high-calorie, high-carbohydrate comfort foods and many Latino…… [Read More]
THE CACAO TREE (THEOBROMA CACAO)
WHAT IS IN THE COCOA BEAN?
MAKING AND EATING CHOCOLATE
State of the At of Cocoa
Is Cocoa good fo you?
Buden of Poof
CHOCOLATE AS A FAT
EFFECTS ON BLOOD LIPIDS
WHAT IS OK
CHOCOLATE AND HEALTH AND DISEASE
H. Immune Function
J. Othe Disodes
N. Dental Caies
K. Heat Health
Pacemakes and vitamin pills ae just among a few of millions of health poducts that ae sold daily aound the wold. But one of the most easily accessible of all is ight beneath ou noses: chocolate. Cocoa, the plant fom which chocolate is deived, has had a positive effect on today's society because of its active ole in daily health. The development and distibution of cocoa has had a positive effect on today's…… [Read More]
When processed by a transglutaminase enzyme, it can interact with immunological cells and produce cytotoxic inflammation. In autism, it is believed that peptides from gluten and casein cross the intestinal microvillus barrier and enter the blood stream. They also cross the blood-brain barrier. In the brain, certain amino acid sequences of these peptides compete with natural peptides, which bind to opioid receptors. These receptors are G-protein receptors in cell membrane surfaces of neurons. inding to these receptors disturbs the neuronal function and ultimately leads to or contributes to autism (Department of Pediatrics Staff).
Limited Reliable Scientific Evidence
UK researchers investigated more than 30 scientific articles on the effectiveness of the gluten-free, casein-free diet on autistic children (astian, 2004). They found one, which provided reliable scientific evidence that the diet works. The particular study, however, was conducted on only 20 children aged 5-10 who had high levels of protein in their…… [Read More]
TO EAT CEEPY SPIDES!
Have you ever had a devilled spider egg? They're perfect for Halloween, but they are a healthy choice any time of the year -- and great for scaring your mom! All it takes to make a devilled spider egg is one hard boiled egg and one carefully sliced kalamata olive. It's nutritious and fun!
Instructions: Hard-boil the eggs, and slice them carefully in half, removing the yolks. Mash up the yolks, adding mustard, mayonnaise, salt, pepper, and paprika. Then fill the egg whites with a dollop of this mixture. To make the spiders, carefully slice a kalamata olive in half. One half will be the body. Thin-slice the other half into eight segments for the legs, and place carefully on top of the devilled eggs!
einhold, Dorothy. "Halloween Deviled Spider Eggs." Shockingly Delicious, Oct 26, 2010. Accessed 21 January 2015 at: http://www.shockinglydelicious.com/halloween-deviled-spider-eggs/
Safety Precautions…… [Read More]
A prediction of the outcomes is not made in the initial development of the research. ather, this appears to be an exploratory study to better understand the issue.
eview of the Literature
The literature included in the review is relevant and recent. The data demonstrates the need for understanding the problem and the importance of the issue to the health and safety of healthcare workers. Although the initial literature review is quite brief, the literature is expanded in the discussion of the results.
The research design is a quantitative methodology utilizing a survey to collect data. Information collected was appropriate given the overall scope and focus of the research -- i.e. exploratory. Although the results provide some insight into the specific survey that was used, pertinent information about the survey has been omitted from the study. This may make replication of the study difficult.
Examining the target…… [Read More]
quality of indoor air has received and increasing amount of attention, including a large amount of discussion about sick building syndrome, which has been recognised since the 1970's. Certainly, most North Americans spend the majority of our lives indoors, and the quality of our indoor air environment has been shown to play a huge role on our health. A wide variety of indoor pollutants can have an effect on human health, including environmental tobacco smoke, volatile organic chemicals (VOCs) and biological pollutants. iological indoor pollutants include dust mites, cockroaches, effluvia from pets like birds, rodents, dog and cats and mold.
Early investigations into sick building syndrome often gave a multi-factorial explanation for the symptoms of occupants. However, these investigations often could not explain the long duration of effects. Further, investigations into indoor air quality have historically ignored the problem of mold, and failed to give a clear history of water…… [Read More]
Mold Spore Trapping
Current Scientific Knowledge
People are exposed to aeroallergens in a variety of settings, both at home and at work. Fungi are ubiquitous airborne allergens and are important causes of human diseases, especially in the upper and lower respiratory tracts. These diseases occur in persons of various ages.
Airborne spores and other fungi particles are ubiquitous in nonpolar landscapes, especially amongst field crops, and often form the bulk of suspended biogenic debris. The term mold often is used synonymously with the term fungi. A more precise definition would specify that molds lack macroscopic reproductive structures but may produce visible colonies. Respiratory illness in subjects exposed to rust and dark-spored imperfecti fungi was described more than 60 years ago, and physicians worldwide now recognize a sensitization to diverse fungi.
Since fungus particles commonly are derived from wholly microscopic sources, exposure hazards are assessed largely through direct sampling of a…… [Read More]
Efforts to Achieve Healthy Aging
Institute of Chinese Medicine, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, HKSA.
Abstract: Longevity is a blessing as long as good health is not lost. However, the tendency to have a decline on normal physiological activities is inevitable because of the natural processes of degeneration at all levels: molecular, cellular and organic. Hence, the elderly people frequently suffer from cardiovascular problems and skeletal deteriorations that gradually develop to disabilities. Awareness of factors leading to unhealthy aging has led to the formation of different professional groups that aim at the maintenance of health of aging community. The approach tends to be target orientated for the European and US groups, aiming at hormonal replacements and detoxification. In contrast, the oriental groups have been keeping their traditional belief of prevention and internal balance, using nutritional arrangements and non-strenuous exercise as means of maintaining health.
Keywords: chinese medicine,…… [Read More]
But the detection between these two states can be easily identifiable for some mothers but not for others. Hence, we can also infer that the need recognition in this ad can also be the case whereby need is stimulated by the marketer through product information. The '#1 Pediatrician-ecommended Non-Drowsy Brand' label in the advertisement is already basic product information. The same holds true for the 'Only Children's Claritin Provides Non-Drowsy Allergy elief' label. The parent is also informed of allergy symptoms that s/he may not be aware of in the first place as the many allergy symptoms are enumerated in the advertisement.
We also argue that this advertisement relies on internal type of influence as most of the product information mentioned earlier are in fact superiority claims (e.g. #1 Pediatrician-ecommended Non-Drowsy Brand, 'Only Children's Claritin Provides Non-Drowsy Allergy elief) which rely on consumer judgment. The marketers believe that consumers, upon…… [Read More]
When we were small, my brother and I were sick all the time. Fortunately, it was nothing so serious that we were hospitalized, nor did our family have to significantly alter its lifestyle. Still, it seemed that we were constantly congested, with wheezy coughing fits and runny noses.
Our mother was not a person who panicked. She did not rush us to the doctor, even if one or both of us had such severe nasal congestion that we complained "I can't eben breathe outta by dose." We had elaborate bedtime rituals of Vick's vapor rub being massaged into our chests. Our mother boiled pots of water and we took turns breathing the steam, tented under big bath towels.
Our mother believed that diet played a crucial role in good health. My brother, two years younger than me, wasn't in school when I was in first grade and had…… [Read More]
Contact Dermatitis to Metal: Case Study
Contact dermatitis on the hands can be caused by a number of distinct mechanisms (Usatine & iojas, 2010). The type most amenable to treatment is dermatitis caused by environmental irritants. Other possible causes include allergic and atopic dermatitis, each arising from different mechanisms. The patient under consideration here has been diagnosed with contact dermatitis due to metal exposure and is concerned about a possible link between the eczema and rhinitis. This report will examine the pathophysiology of contact dermatitis and whether there could be any relationship between the patient's dermatitis and rhinitis.
Irritant Contact Dermatitis
Irritant contact dermatitis is caused by exposing the skin to harmful substances (Usatine & iojas, 2010). A wound or injury can compromise the ability of the skin to maintain an effective barrier against noxious substances, resulting in skin trauma. A single or chronic exposure can lead to local…… [Read More]
Like other researchers, the CCOHS notes that allergic reactions including inflammation, redness and formation of blisters may only appear after prolonged exposure to possible allergens; for some this may mean exposure to a substance for a few days before symptoms arise, for others exposure throughout a lifetime may result in some minor dermatitis (CCOHS, 10007). Typically, as others have confirmed, exposure is first necessary, then a process referred to as sensitization, where a worker may become "sensitized" to a compound they work with, the penetration of the epidermal layer of the skin, following an allergic reaction, a process which can take up to four weeks (CCOHS, 1997).
This process results when allergenic compounds binds to proteins naturally occurring in the skin, and lymphocytes or protective agents within the body react to protect the skin from damage; tissue-damaging chemicals called "lymphokines" may be released, which ultimately result in the symptoms commonly…… [Read More]
Air pollution pertains to substances and gases in the air that threaten health and life. Among these are pollutants and irritants, such as nitrogen oxides, sulfur dioxide, and carbon dioxide; particulates, volatile organic compounds (VOCs), toxic substances and some natural substances, like pollen. ut most of the pollution comes from the by-products of industrialization - fossil fuel combustion, transportation, transportation, power plant emissions and those from other industrial processes. The burning of fossil fuels to generate electricity alone is the greatest source of air pollution in the U.S.A. These outdoor pollutants can undermine health and cause environmental disturbances, such as acid rain, and are toxic.
Studies show that we now spend more than 90% of our lives inside buildings and other constructed environments. ecause of this, such structures - including homes and office buildings - are constructed with energy efficiency and comfort foremost in mind. The installation of central heating,…… [Read More]
consumer issues concerning health and nutrition that have an impact on planning food service operations? Why? How do these concerns impact menu planning and trends in the industry?
From the perspective of operators of a food service organization, the rise of food intolerances and allergies has the clearest, immediate impact on their day-to-day work and planning. Clearly labeling foods for common allergens, particularly foods which do not obviously contain the offending substance (like foods fried in peanut oil, for example) is essential to avoid liability concerns. It is also important to have a variety of options for consumers with food-related issues, such as dairy-free options and nut-free options. Having proper practices in place such as hand-washing and wearing gloves is also essential. Even if customers do not have to go gluten-free, dairy-free, wheat-free, or meat-free for life-threatening reasons, many are doing so because of the perception (real or imagined) that…… [Read More]
An interesting view of the immune system with particular implications for the current review and collation of information is provided by the field of computer science. The immune system makes many series of continual trade-offs, distributing resources in a way that necessarily leaves certain vulnerabilities in the system as a whole while providing greater comprehensiveness in coverage and protection when necessary (Hofmeyr 1997). This makes the immune system an adaptive and continually evolving and self-improving system; with little outside direction it is capable of assessing changing needs, and altering itself not only in particular instances but even in some of its general responses in order to provide greater long-term efficacy for the task of protecting the human organism from disease (Hofmeyr 1997). This view of the immune system as a contained and self-informing system is not entirely accurate, but it is a very useful perspective for our purposes herein.
The…… [Read More]
Others include delays in data accessibility, albeit shorter delays and the continued need for source data verification (Donovan, 2007).
Other obstacles have occurred in the developing of mobile healthcare applications. These have included mobile device limitations, wireless networking problems, infrastructure constraints, security concerns, and user distrust (Keng and Shen, 2006).
A third problem that has been encountered is that of a lack of education on not only the importance of the information technology but also training on how to use the specific pieces of equipment. The tools that are provided to people are only as good as the training that is provided on how to use them. The tools may be able to do wonderful things, but if those that are using them do not know how to get the best use out of them they will in the end be less efficient.
According to an Institute of…… [Read More]
SOAP Pediatric Case Study
Six-year-old male child dealing with the persistent cough for about a week and a half. Child complains of mucus being stood up during coughing. He is not been able to sleep the entire night, as if coughing has woken up several times during the past few nights. This morning, he became diapretic and began to cough even worse. The patient has very deep dark circles under his eyes and is showing signs of shivering. The mother took the temperature on a home device of 102°, prompting her to quickly visit the healthcare facility.
The mother has tried to quell the coffee with over the counter child's cough medicine, as well as hot lemon tea and chicken soup. Still, the child's condition has continued only to get worse, with symptoms increasing in severity and duration.
Overall, the little boy is healthy. Yet, there have been…… [Read More]
Screening of an Adolescent or Young Adult Client
Save this form on your computer as a Microsoft Word document. You can expand or shrink each area as you need to include the relevant data for your client.
Patient/Client Initials: CLW
Phone No: [HIDDEN]
123 Anywhere Lane, Some Town, Some State 00000
Birth Date: 03 -09-90
Birthplace: Some State
Marital Status: n/a
Race/Ethnic Origin: African America
Financial Status: This patient is from a low-income family whose father is deceased and mother is disabled receiving only minimal income. The family receives food stamps and has Medicaid benefits.
Source and Reliability of Informant: The 14-year-old female is accompanied by her aunt who is a credible source of information.
Past Use of Health Care System and Health Seeking Behaviors: The child has not been seen regularly by a pediatrician during her childhood. Vaccinations are not…… [Read More]
fever and palpable cervical nodes indicates an infection. Jennifer appears to have bacterial tonsillitis. However, in order to confirm, a throat culture must be taken. Although mononucleosis is uncommon in toddlers, it is a possible diagnosis and typically comes from contact in daycares (Yokoyama et al., 2013). To confirm the mononucleosis diagnosis, serology is needed. While the clinical manifestation points to possible mononucleosis diagnosis, younger children do not have as pronounced symptoms.
Bacterial or viral infections as well as other immunologic factors lead to development of tonsillitis. The majority of acute tonsillitis may be caused by viruses such as Herpes simplex virus (Babakurban, Erbek, Terzi, Arslan, & Sahin, 2014). Although because the symptoms are so pronounced, it could be caused by mononucleosis. This making the origins bacterial.
A possible treatment option is Augmentin. It is a broad spectrum penicillin antibiotic that has a combination of clauvulanate potassium and amoxicillin. However,…… [Read More]
Some studies posit that casein consumption has a direct correlation to cancer cell growth, and patients with any form of cancer are counseled not to drink milk, and to limit the consumption of milk products. This is contradicted in terms of using milk to help with certain stomach and colon cancers (Hakkak, 2001). Men who drink large amounts of milk and consume numerous dairy products are at a higher risk for Parkinson's disease, and high levels of calcium intake (6 or more glasses of milk per day), also increase the chance for prostate cancer (Chen, 2007; Giovannucci, et.al. 1998). Additionally, a number of links have been made to digestive disorders such Crohn;'s disease and Hirschprung's disease, which are serious conditions of the digestive system and the bowel ("How Bacteria in Cow's Milk…" 2007).
The idea that the human body requires milk in order to produce calcium and create a stronger…… [Read More]
The Georgetown Phase I study was only able to find nine suitable patients with MS who had sufficiently stable types of the illness to make conducting a research study worthwhile. Even then, four patients had to drop out of the study because of the effects of their disease or because of possible intensified progression of the disease. While three of the remaining five reported improvements in their condition, or 60 about percent, the numbers were too small to declare the treatment effectual. As the treatment does not promise a 'cure,' merely alleviation of symptoms, this too presents a problem given the study participant's symptoms were of pain, stiffness or tingling or weakness of their extremities. "We, however, could not objectively quantify improvements in symptoms such as pain and tingling," admitted the main researcher in charge of the study (Haran 2004).
Yet for seemingly every damming study, or inconclusive study, there…… [Read More]
These examples highlight that technology is always a tool, a way of enhancing human judgment -- we must not mistake it as a replacement for good nursing practice.
After all, the use of a computer is no substitute for a medical education. Anyone who works in a hospital can see this -- the increased accessibility of information through the Internet also means that patients often come in, convinced that they are suffering from a serious illness, allergy, or condition, based more upon a diagnosis Googled on WebMD, rather than upon the fact that they saw a doctor! If a computer alone was required to diagnose, everyone would have a degree!
Don't get me wrong -- I use technology every day in my life, and thank my lucky stars, and my patient's lucky stars, that it is so ubiquitous. When health care providers wish to communicate, the use of cell phones…… [Read More]
2009). SPECT identifies the physiologic consequence of the clot rather than the clot itself. Adding low-dose CT without contract agent raises the level of confidence in the reading result. At the same time, it reduces inconclusive studies with SPECT alone from 5% to 0% when combined with low-dose CT. Furthermore, specificity improves with fewer false-positive readings from 18% - 0%. Low-dose findings explaining subtle perfusion defects otherwise perceived as PE on SPECT alone account for the improvement. The study also showed that V/Q SPECT with low-dose CT is useful as a routine method. Immobilization during the SPECT and low-dose CT procedure lasted only 20 minutes. Even critically ill patients can tolerate it. The 11 out of the overall total of 196 volunteer patients were disqualified for participation in the study because of discomfort, shortness of breath or lack of willingness to remain in supine position. Those who qualified were placed…… [Read More]
The term conjunctivitis refers to any inflammatory condition of the membrane that lines the eyelids and covers the exposed surface of the sclera, and is the most common cause of "red eye" or "pink eye" (Abbott pp). Most often the etiology can be determined by a careful history and an ocular examination, however, culture is sometimes necessary to establish the diagnosis or to guide therapy (Abbott pp). The most common causes of conjunctivitis are bacteria and viruses (Abbott pp). hen severe, bilateral, purulent conjunctivitis is present in a sexually active adult or in a neonate three to five days postpartum, then Neisseria infection should be suspected (Abbott pp). Conjunctivitis that is caused by Chlamydia trachomatis or Neisseria gonorrhoeae requires aggressive antibiotic therapy, however, conjunctivitis due to other bacteria is usually self-limited (Abbott pp). Chronic conjunctivitis is most often associated with blepharitis, recurrent styes or meibomianitis, and treatment requires good…… [Read More]
Mold emediation in Wilkes-Barre, PA
Mold emediation in the Aftermath of Flooding in Wilkes-Barre, PA
Mold emediation in the Aftermath of Flooding in Wilkes-Barre, PA
Pennsylvania was hit hard in September, first by Hurricane Irene and then by the remnants of Tropical Storm Lee (Huber, 2011). Close to 100,000 residents living in areas that were inundated in 1972 due to Hurricane Agnes were ordered to evacuate on Thursday, September 8, 2011 (The Times Leader, 2011) and were not allowed to return until Saturday afternoon or later (Olson, 2011). Fortunately, the levees built in the aftermath of Hurricane Agnes did their job and a comparatively low number of 5,400 homes were exposed to floodwaters (Huber, 2011). However, those residents whose homes were flooded will be faced not only with physical damage to their property, but also the threat of significant exposure to mold-generated bioaerosols if their homes were exposed…… [Read More]
Letter to the Newspaper
Our community faces a public health crisis of unprecedented proportions. My research leads me to believe that the cluster of unexplained illnesses that the people of this town have experienced over the years are the direct result of gas company drilling practices.
It started out with what we all assumed were just unrelated illnesses: irritation of the eyes, nose and throat. These may sound like allergies, but no. For the really unfortunate folks in our community, more severe symptoms showed up, like hypotension, metabolic acidosis, hemolysis, pulmonary edema and even coma, even rare and deadly diseases. But here is the zinger: we have too many cases of these illnesses for a community our size, far too many.
I became concerned after a chance remark by the school nurse about the number of children who apparently suffered from allergies, but whose symptoms did not respond to the…… [Read More]
Immunoglobulin E (IgE) is an antibody that helps in regulating the destruction of harmful cells and antigens within the human body. If a 4-year-old patient is being prescribed this medication it is intended to help in decreasing the brutal symptoms of asthma and other ailments such as rhinitis.
IgE is one of the several kinds of immunoglobulin's, also known as antibodies, that is contained within the human immune system. IgE's encounter the allergen, or virus within the body and are programmed to destroy it. This process is completed by the IgE antibodies when they signal the basophile or mast cells to release a histamine or other damaging chemical to the invading antibody. In the war to provide immunity to the body IgE is a main weapon that can neutralize those pathogens that are consistent with an asthma patient.
Each type of IgE has a specific code or mission that…… [Read More]
Hyojung Lee, L.Ac.
Prophylactic Asthmatic Drugs and Traditional Chinese Formulas (EDIT)
Prophylactic Asthmatic Drugs and Traditional Chinese Formulas
In recent years there has been a notable increase in the diagnoses of allergies, asthma, and other diseases that affect the ability of people to breathe freely. The reasons for this are still the subjects of scientific debate and continued research. However, more effective drugs have been developed to treat the wheezing, shortness of breath, and other symptoms of allergies, asthma, and inflammation of the lungs. One of the most commonly-prescribed drugs for asthma is Cromolyn, otherwise known by its more popular brand name of Intal.
Cromolyn is usually inhaled through an atomizer as an aerosolized solution or is breathed in as a microfine powder. It inhibits the release of histamine, leukotrienes and other chemicals in the body that mediate inflammation. These chemicals are secreted from mast, macrophages, and other types of…… [Read More]
Power of Story
Story has a significant amount of power as an efficacious communication technique to move change forward. This statement particularly applies to the field of healthcare and to the sort of impact that nurses have on their healthcare organizations. Actuated by cogent stories, the sort of changes that can occur within these settings have both hard and soft elements -- each of which are required to effectively produce the sort of changes that can positively impact those involved in healthcare entities. If implemented correctly, each of these different elements can form invaluable facilitators for change.
It is important to realize that there is a relationship between the soft and hard elements of change that are produced from a compelling story. The soft elements of change generally take place prior to the hard elements of change. For the most part, soft elements of change involve a transition in the…… [Read More]
Exposing the Global Warming Hoax
It is not possible for the prudent reader to agree with Alford's article "Myth: Global warming, environmental racism." The author relies on far too many emotional appeals, unsubstantiated claims, and oversimplifications for any true credibility. It appears he is either ignorant about the issues he writes about, or willing to ignore them for the sake of big business and perhaps his own personal interest in it. His claim that there is no correlation between increasing ozone levels and the burgeoning incidence of asthma is not true, nor even argued very well.
There are myriad ways in which the author has oversimplified what is a complex issue. Most eminently is his conviction that because he has listed the triggers and risk factors for asthma, growing levels of ozone are unrelated to this condition. Granted, ozone is not one of the triggers of asthma; few people would…… [Read More]
attitudes that millennials have towads food. The suvey is pat of a boade scope of eseach on behalf of a majo food etaile. The suvey will contain two pats. The fist pat will contain basic demogaphic infomation, and the second pat will contain the suvey about you food attitudes.
The esults of this suvey will be held in confidence. At no point do we equie you name. The suvey will be maked with an identification code, by which the esults will be stoed. This does not contain you name, o any othe infomation that could be used ot identify you.
The suvey contains ten questions. It should take between 3-5 minutes to complete.
What is you age?
What type of wok do you do?
What is you highest education level?
Post Gaduate Degee
What is you income?
5) What is you…… [Read More]
Zika, that was identified accidentally in Uganda in 1947 in the midst of insect and primate monitoring, had so far stayed as a hidden virus limited to a slim equatorial belt functioning along Africa and running into Parts of Asia. Not much is known with regards to ZIKV’s release in the US. Phylogenetic studies suggest that the virus originated with the French Polynesian ZIKV force came into Brazil around May and Dec of 2013.
The unparalleled dimension and impact from the ZIKV pandemic within the Americas could be the all-natural consequence of a unique release right into a big populace without having preexisting immune system; Much like the Americas, the communities of Yap Tropical island and French. The seriousness of results in latest breakouts, in comparison with previous findings of moderate illness, has directed a few to hypothesize that this virus seems to have mutated to become much more…… [Read More]
Chronic asthma is considered to be a chronic inflammatory disorder of the bronchial mucosa that results in constriction of airways, bronchial hyper-responsiveness, and variable airflow obstruction that is reversible. Chronic asthma on the cellular level is characterized by an increase in the secretion of mucus and bronchoconstriction stimuli. Chronic asthma can be damaging to the epithelial cells found in the lungs, which can cause the reoccurrence a lot quicker leading to more severe cases of asthma. During the release of an inflammatory response, toxic neuropeptides and eosinophils are released, which can cause direct damage to tissue and this might result in an increased bronchial hyper-responsiveness (Huether & McCance, 2012). Oxygenation is normally compromised due to the restriction of the bronchial airway in chronic asthma. In particular, the arterial blood gas is affected in the patients by hyperventilation, which induces in hypoxemia and results in respiratory alkalosis (Gelb & Nadel, 2015).…… [Read More]
Assessing the Abdomen
The chief complaint of JR is that his “stomach hurts” and he is experiencing diarrhea, from which he has been unable to obtain any relief. His pain in his abdomen started 3 days earlier and he has taken no medication for it. The pain is midrange, though it was very high today when it began. He ate but experienced nausea afterwards. JR is 47, suffers from hypertension, diabetes and had an issue of gastrointestinal bleeding four years ago. He is on a number of medications to address his high blood pressure and diabetes. He has no known drug allergies, no history of colon cancer. His father and mother both had hypertension; his father has type 2 diabetes; his mother suffered from Gastroesophageal reflux disease and high fatty concentration in the blood (hyperlipidemia).
JR occasionally imbibed alcohol. He is overweight at 248 lbs with a 5’10” height. He…… [Read More]
This is only in the case whereby protein introduced possesses allergenic properties and is introduced to the edible part of the particular plant. Due to the difficulty of predicting allergens, there should be careful selection in gene donors so as to avoid widespread consequences.
Bacteria in the digestive tracts can pick up antibiotic resistant genes present in genetically modified foods and it may bring about an increase in the problem of bacteria adapting to antibiotics. It is believed that the dispersal of pollen and seeds from genetically modified crops to other crops and the surrounding environment might result in genetic and biological pollution bringing about a new breed of genetically engineered organisms which will lead to unknown problems. This pollution will eventually spread to the soil and eventually make every plant genetically modified.
Genetically modified foods are seen as a means of solving the problem of food security and…… [Read More]
Current events of the environmental ethics
Some of the major current events concerning the environmental ethics are the issue of global warming. One of the leading researchers (in the causes and effects of climate change; and in the field of allergies) in Europe has discovered that the burning of the fossil fuel that has increased over the recent past has resulted into the increase of the carbon dioxide in the atmosphere. Increase of atmospheric carbon dioxide facilitates the growth of the ragweed- an invasive plant- moreover; the hay fever is triggered of by this plant's pollen grains. Both early and long seasons of allergy are caused by the bloom of the birch trees as a result of the warmer temperatures (White, 1967).
Non-environmentally friendly behaviors currently such as the increased acts of war has not only affected the environment by impoverishing the natural resources but has also caused stress in…… [Read More]
, 2006). The evidence reflects only a low level weight loss but is still worthwhile to consider in controlling weight at roughly 0.007 kg per week. It is useful for individual weight loss programs. Losing 0.2 kg per week requires a decrease of 220 kilocalories per day. Achieving a 32% reduction requires a sacrifice of 330 kilocalories a day from sucrose by substituting aspartame. Using aspartame replaces 70 g of sucrose or roughly two cans of soft drinks every day (Hunty et al.). This means less expense.
200 Times Sweeter and Cheaper
On the average, aspartame is 200 times sweeter than sucrose (Hu et al., 2008). Not only does it mean less calories but also less cost. The taste difference between them is that the sweetness of aspartame is detected by the taste buds longer than sucrose. This can, however, be resolved by adding acesulfame potassium. Aspartame also has limited…… [Read More]