Bankruptcy Essays (Examples)

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Business Ethics Recent High Profile Bankruptcies in

Words: 742 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 58761745

Business Ethics

ecent high profile bankruptcies in the U.S. corporate sector such as the ones filed by Enron, WorldCom, and Global Crossing in 2001 have highlighted the importance of financial ethics in business since lack of ethical practices were identified as the main cause of their failures. The business scandals underlined the importance of stricter regulation of the corporate sector and forced the U.S. legislature to pass the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 that contains a number of important provisions relating to business ethics. This paper about business ethics focuses on the impact of financial ethics in business.

Greed and an over-riding focus on increasing the profits and "share-holder value" usually leads managers and business leaders to disregard financial ethics in business. Although the impact of such "over sight" may be beneficial in the short run, it is invariably disastrous in the long run -- both at the individual as well…… [Read More]


Hackworth, Michael. (1999). "Only the Ethical Survive." Issues in Ethics - V. 10, N. 2, Fall 1999. Retrieved on July 1, 2005 from

'Summary of Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002." (2005). AICPA Web site. Retrieved on July 1, 2005 from

Thomas, C.W. (2002). "The Rise and Fall of Enron; When a Company Looks Too Good to Be True, It Usually Is." Journal of Accountancy. 193(4), 41+.

Title IX of the White Collar Crime Penalty Enhancement (WCCPA) Act, which is part of Sarbanes-Oxley provides for penalties of $5,000,000 and/or imprisonment of up to 20 years for willful and knowing violations. ("Summary of ... " 2005)
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Auto Industry on June 1

Words: 2406 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 85926476

The other important function of the plan was to shift responsibility for the pension obligations from the company to the United Auto orkers. hile smaller creditors and contractual partners need not be satisfied with the reorganization, it is difficult to believe that the reorganization could have been done with the cooperation of the UA. It would not have been politically expedient for the federal government to become involved and without their involvement the judge would have had had the option of the 363 asset sale. In accepting responsibility for the pension, the union has lifted a major portion of the liabilities from General Motors. In addition, a deal reached before the filing adjusted some of the work rules, ended bonuses and froze wages, all of which combined to save GM $1.2-1.3 billion per year. Combined with plant closures, the moves are expected to bring GM's labor costs more in line…… [Read More]

Works Cited:

King, Jr., N. & Terlep, S. (2009). GM collapses into government's arms. Wall Street Journal. Retrieved November 1, 2009 from

CBS. (2009). GM gets green light to exit bankruptcy. CBS. Retrieved November 1, 2009 from

US Courts (2009). Chapter 11: Reorganization under the bankruptcy code. U.S. Retrieved November 1, 2009 from

Cornell University. (no date). U.S. code collection: § 363. Use, sale or lease of property. Cornell University Law School. Retrieved November 1, 2009 from
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Worldcom Case Took the Entire

Words: 1093 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 76253551

Madoff Investment Securities LLC (BLMIS) committed one of the greatest financial frauds in U.S. history. Investigations revealed that Mr. Madoff operated an elaborate "Ponzi Scheme" that started operating in 1980s.Even though Madoff was initially supposed to invest all of his clients' money in the securities markets, he never did so. Instead, he deposited the whole amount in a certain bank account that he held with the Chase Manhattan Bank. He therefore fulfilled his client's redemption requests using his own money. The fraud value was estimated at $50 billion and became a matter of public knowledge only after Madoff confessed to the crime. It can be regarded as the biggest financial fraud in U.S.'s history and it affected a large number of investors.The financial industry blamed the investors as well as regulators for neglecting the various warning signals that enabled Maddoff to continue with the fraud for several decades.

The Board…… [Read More]


Akhigbe, A., Martin, A., and Whyte, A., (2005). Contagion effects of the world's largest bankruptcy: the case of WorldCom. The Quarterly Review of Economics and Finance

45 (2005) 48 -- 64

Haque, F., Arun, T., and Kirkpatrick, C (2008) "Corporate Governance and Capital Markets: A

Conceptual Framework," 'Journal of Corporate Ownership and Control', 5(2)
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Escalating Commitment as the Reason for Polaroid's Failure

Words: 807 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 15994668

Business Studies

What Caused Polaroid's Bankruptcy in 2001?

In 2001 Polaroid filed for bankruptcy. The circumstances surrounding the bankruptcy indicate several potential reasons, including poor management decision making and escalating commitment. The financial management of the firm appears to have been questionable in the year before the filing; a special bonus of $1.4 million was paid to the CEO Gary DiCamillo, and other board members received payments f between $63,000 and $272,000 (TParadiso, 2003). The payments were not illegal, but it is notable that the $1.4 million bonus for DiCamillo would not have been received if 6 months prior the auditor KPMG LLP had not been persuaded to refrain from issuing a going concern warning on the annual accounts (TParadiso, 2003). These actions may all appear questionable, especially the action of DiCamillio calling KMPG's CEO in order to ensure the going concern warring was not issued, but whatever the view,…… [Read More]


Rifkin, G, (2002, Jan), Losing Focus, Boston Magazine, accessed at / on 2nd April 2014

Sandstrom, Christian; Magnusson, Mats; Jornmark, Jan, (2009), Exploring Factors Influencing Incumbents' Response to Disruptive Innovation, Creativity and Innovation Management, 18(1), 8-15

TParadiso, (2003, Aug 26), The Battle for Business Ethics, Polaroid's Final Days Come Into Focus, Motley Fool, accessed at on 2nd April 2014
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Direct Air Management and Marketing Mistakes

Words: 2797 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 14787673

Dierct Air - Management & Marketing Mistakes

The following case study employs the array of industry metrics discussed above to determine major factors that contributed to Direct Airways filing for Chapter 11 bankruptcy during the time period from 2007-212. This time period was chosen because SEC filings at that time available, providing valuable insight into the stark differences between the two airlines. Direct Airways was a major U.S. carrier that was founded in 2001 and operated for 7 years until it fell into bankruptcy in 2001. This terminated an unrestrained years for Direct Airways, which filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy last year of 2012 (Jayanti).

I understood that already the subject of a federal investigation by transportation regulators, the outdated charter service Direct Air long ago would soon may be facing a far-reaching investigation of its finances by the bankruptcy trustee (Bomkamp). The lawyer governing Direct Air's bankruptcy went ahead…… [Read More]

Work Cited

Barla, P., & Koo, B. (1999). Bankruptcy protection and pricing strategies in the U.S. airline industry. Transportation Research.Part E, Logistics & Transportation Review, 35, 101-120.

Borenstein, S., & Rose, N.L. (1995). Bankruptcy and pricing behavior in U.S. airline markets. The American Economic Review, 85(2), 397-397.

Borenstein, S., & Rose, N.L. (2003). The impact of bankruptcy on airline service levels. The American Economic Review, 93(2), 415-415.

Baran, Michelle. Uncertainty over refunds surrounds Direct Air's bankruptcy. 2 April 2012. 29 November 2012.
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Rock Group Horriblescreech This Week's Hottest Band

Words: 1096 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 59154671

Rock Group

HorribleScreech, this week's hottest band on the planet, recently came to its senses and hired me as its new attorney. The first task after cashing a retainer check for mucho dinero is to free the band from an oppressive "new kid" recording contract between HorribleScreech and Bloodsucker Enterprises. There is nothing on the face of the contract that would free HorribleScreech. At this point, all other legal/business options can be considered.

The contract and all the circumstances around it should be considered first. For example, even though the contract is oppressive and even though some lawsuits take years, there might be some factor that would allow the band out of the contract more easily and quickly. Contract laws differ from state-to-state, so let us assume for this paper that the contract was signed in Los Angeles, California. In California, a contract can be unenforceable or can be rescinded…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Dirks, Tim. AMC: Film History Milestones - 1943. 2011. Web. 2011 30 November.

Edgar, Alexander L. "The Law of Reopening: Revisited." 2011. Web. 30 November 2011.

Handel On the Law. "Bankruptcy." 2011. Web. 30 November 2011. "California Codes: Civil Code: Section 1746(a)." 2011. Legalinfo. Web. 30 November 2011.
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Financial Analysis of Lehman Brother

Words: 2992 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 52231514

Financial Analysis of Lehman rother

Lehman rothers

The history has been full of financial collapses and financial scandals and one of the biggest financial collapses that a company has ever seen was that of Lehman brother. The collapse of a firm as huge as Lehman rother and a firm which has such great experience of over a hundred years lead the world into a shock. It created doubts in the minds of people regarding the condition of other financial institutions. The history of Lehman rother is rich which is further discussed.

The history of Lehman rother dates back to 1844, when a boy named Henry who was a 23-year-old son of a cattle merchant who immigrated to the United States from Germany and he settled in Alabama State of the United States where he opened dry goods store. In 1847, when Henry Lehman's elder brother arrived to Alabama, the firm…… [Read More]


1. Bebchuk, L.A., Cohen, A., & Spamann, H. (2010). The Wages of Failure: Executive Compensation at Bear Stearns and Lehman 2000-2008. Yale Journal on Regulation,27(2), 257+.

2. Blake, D. (2000). Financial Market Analysis. New York: Wiley. Cetorelli, N., Mandel, B.H., & Mollineaux, L. (2012). The Evolution of Banks and Financial Intermediation: Framing the Analysis. Federal Reserve Bank of New York Economic Policy Review, 1+.

3. Dwyer, G.P., & Tkac, P. (2009). The Financial Crisis of 2008 in Fixed Income Markets.Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, Working Paper Series, 2009(20), 1+.

4. Fitzpatrick, T.J., & Thomson, J.B. (2011). How Well Does Bankruptcy Work When Large Financial Firms Fail? Some Lessons from Lehman Brothers. Economic Commentary (Cleveland), (2011-23), 1+.
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Tarp and American Auto Companies

Words: 2747 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 73839289

Yet, today, they sell only about 47% and this market share loss has accelerated over the past decade (Sullivan, 2008). The major issue, according to Sullivan, is the inability of the ig Three to effectively compete with their more efficient and market savvy Japanese rivals, even on their home turf. Opponents of the auto industry bailout feel that placing more money into a failed business strategy makes no sense and that everyone is better off if the free market, not the federal government, choose the winners and the losers in the economy (Moran, 2008). The end result of the auto bailout could well result in a return to protectionism which could unfairly impact other American industries' ability to compete in a global market. A policy analyst at the German-Marshall Fund voices a common concern that a bailout of the auto industry has the potential "to be the torch that lights…… [Read More]


Abouhalkah, Yael T. "The Big Three Bailout vs. Big Bank Handouts for AIG, CitiGroup." Kansas City Star 4 Dec. 2008.

"1979 Chrysler Bailout Holds Lessons" The Washington Times 24 Nov. 2008. 

Grossman, Andrew M. And Gattuso, James L. "TARP: Now a Slush Fund for Detroit?" 12 Dec. 2008.

Kiley, David. "Auto Bailout Hung Up in the Senate." BusinessWeek 10 Dec. 2008.
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Business Law Contract Analysis U-Haul

Words: 4590 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 46964143

Independent dealers must sign a contract that sets forth the manner in which they will operate their rental centers. Often a small business owner will supplement their income be adding U-Hauls to their market mix. Independent contractors earn a commission on their sales.

Each division of AMERCO has it own president. All of them must report to a Board of Directors. The Chairman of the Board and overall President is Edward Shoen, descendent of the original founders of the company. Many members of the Shoen family still control much of the company (Google Finance). Little information is available about the company, aside from their financial statements. Although they have a Board of Directors, the company continues to operate as a family-style operation, with the family members occupying many positions in upper management. The company structure is simple and little is available beyond basic information.

Purchasing Contract Analysis and the UCC…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Ceh v. UHaul International, Inc., 11th district court of appeals, No. 04-10031.

A Accessed January 22.

Company News; U-Haul's Parent Seeks Bankruptcy Protection." June 21, 2003. New

York Times. Accessed January 23, 2007.
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Joe's Sports a 50-Year-Old Sporting-Goods Retailer With

Words: 323 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 97138396

Joe's Sports, a 50-year-old sporting-goods retailer with stores in Washington, Oregon and Idaho, who filed for bankruptcy protection recently. The company began when "Edward Orkney, a World War II veteran, began selling Army surplus sleeping bags from the back of a station wagon in Portland" (Martinez, 2009). It grew to a chain of 30 stores with over 1,600 employees, and was considered successful until the economic downturn that began in 2008.

The company claims up to $500 million in debt, and there are several of its creditors who are uninsured and facing steep losses, such as Columbia Sportswear, another Washington company, who is owed about $888,300. They owe about $12.8 in total to all their creditors. The company did secure some funding from Wells Fargo etail Finance so it can continue to operate and pay its employees as it attempts to reorganize and again become profitable. The President and CEO…… [Read More]


Martinez, A. (2009). Joe's Sports files for bankruptcy protection. Retrieved 13 May 2009 from the Seattle Times Web site:
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Fraud Accounting and Enron

Words: 658 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 33891310

Particulars of Enron's Bankruptcy

There were a number of specific actions that led to Enron's bankruptcy. The majority of these pertain to a lack of accountability on the part of numerous people in key positions at this firm. The individual accountants at Arthur Andersen, the now defunct accounting firm that worked for this company, allowed Enron to utilize dubious accounting practices without trying to curtail them. Upper level management was guilty of allowing such accounting practices to take place, and of being too concerned with acquisition and spending to ensure the company was operating in accordance with the standards provided by the Securities Exchange Commission. Several fraudulent activities also contributed to Enron's bankruptcy. These include the insider trading that took place, the misrepresentation of the company as financially viable when it was on the verge of bankruptcy, and many others.

One of the primary accounting and auditing practices that eventually…… [Read More]


Cross, J.N., Krunkel, R.A. (n.d.). Andersen implosion over Enron: an analysis of the contagion effect on Fortune 500 firms. University of Wisconsin.

Emshwiller, J.R. (2001). Enron transaction with entity run by executive raises questions. The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved from
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Dragonfly Corp Dragonfly a Three-Year-Old

Words: 587 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 88833688

Therefore, bankruptcy becomes the other option to deal with the liability to Crossroads. The issue of subordination should be dealt with before bankruptcy proceedings are undertaken, to best protect the Thompsons. At that point, the courts can sort out the extent to which ragonfly will honor its liability to Crossroads. The downside of bankruptcy is that the Thompsons are major creditors to ragonfly as well, and the bankruptcy could jeopardize their net worth if they are unable to convince Janet's parents to write off the Thompson's obligations to them. Bankruptcy, however, is lever that can be used against Crossroads, since the mall cannot unilaterally impose bankruptcy on ragonfly and would ideally like to receive the monies owed.

Turning ragonfly around is possible, if they are able to maintain solvency while getting out of the Crossroads lease. The Thompsons had gambled that Crossroads would attract ragonfly's target market and that does…… [Read More]

Dragonfly's rent liability at Crossroads can be addressed in one of two ways. The best option is to negotiate an early exit from the lease. This would get Dragonfly out of the struggling mall and allow them to put more focus on the Bellevue location and possibly open another store elsewhere. The deal would allow them to pay Crossroads from their more profitable operations without incurring further liability. Despite the fact that the Thompson's feel 1997 was a successful year, they were not able to make any headway on their liability to Crossroads. However, given that Crossroads is about to lose 1/6 of their tenant base, they may be unwilling to make such a deal with 1 1/4 years still remaining on the lease.

Therefore, bankruptcy becomes the other option to deal with the liability to Crossroads. The issue of subordination should be dealt with before bankruptcy proceedings are undertaken, to best protect the Thompsons. At that point, the courts can sort out the extent to which Dragonfly will honor its liability to Crossroads. The downside of bankruptcy is that the Thompsons are major creditors to Dragonfly as well, and the bankruptcy could jeopardize their net worth if they are unable to convince Janet's parents to write off the Thompson's obligations to them. Bankruptcy, however, is lever that can be used against Crossroads, since the mall cannot unilaterally impose bankruptcy on Dragonfly and would ideally like to receive the monies owed.

Turning Dragonfly around is possible, if they are able to maintain solvency while getting out of the Crossroads lease. The Thompsons had gambled that Crossroads would attract Dragonfly's target market and that does not appear to have come to pass. This means that much of the business Dragonfly did generate was destination business - people who came their to shop at Dragonfly. The Thompson's have a large mailing list that can be used to attract these customers to the Bellevue location or a third location. Given that Dragonfly is no longer marking down merchandise to move it, they may be able to be sufficiently profitable with other locations to pay down the $20,000 payment. The best course of action if Crossroads would agree to it is to borrow the money to make the payment and exit the Crossroads mall early. This way, Dragonfly should be able to turn their business around, without the anchor that is their poor original location.
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Large Chain Restaurant That Has Gone Bankrupt

Words: 1201 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 15481017

Chain Restaurant

One chain restaurant that went bankrupt recently was Bennigan's, which filed for Chapter 7 bankruptcy in 2008 (Tozzi, 2008). All of the company-owned stores closed, and many of the franchise-owned stores also closed. Of those franchise-owned stores that survived, many suffered as a result of the negative publicity and loss of key advertising and purchasing support. hile 138 locations avoided bankruptcy initially in 2008, only 35 of those remained by 2010 (Stockdale, 2010). This paper will examine the external environment in the casual dining industry at the time of the Bennigan's bankruptcy, and the extent to which the company's strategy contributed to its downfall.

In 2008, the U.S. economy was headed for recession, and this has a significant negative impact on the casual dining industry. The industry had 81,000 restaurant locations, making for a highly-fragmented marketplace that was in all likelihood well over capacity. As a result, some…… [Read More]

Works Cited:

Goldberg, E. (2012). The benefits of the franchise model. Retrieved February 11, 2012 from 

Horovitz, B. (2008). Casual dining chains hunger for change. USA Today. Retrieved February 11, 2012 from

Stockdale, C. (2010). Ten vanishing American restaurant chains. Retrieved February 11, 2012 from

Tozzi, J. (2008). Bennigan's bankruptcy fallout. Business Week. Retrieved February 11, 2012 from
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Mergers Can Fail for a

Words: 1162 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 89133056

If the failure is sufficiently severe, the future of the company could be called into question, leading to customer and supplier flight, creating a death spiral.

These impacts can spread far and wide. For example, a company with a failed merger could ultimately lose market share as its weaknesses and its distracted management are exploited by competitors. Sometimes firms merge to acquire market share, but then fail to perform as well as the two individual entities did, resulting in market share declines. This can cause the firm's industry position to deteriorate in addition to its market share. The loss of prestige can actually impact the market share as well.

Goodwill is created on the balance sheet during a merger as the result of the difference between the cost paid for the acquired company and its book value. The goodwill is reflective of the expected synergies and gains that are expected…… [Read More]

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Business Law Which Type of

Words: 1074 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 18836377

y extending the copyright term it virtually ensures that the person's children and possibly grandchildren will also not have to see that take place.

Other than peace of mind for future generations of relatives, however, there is really little to gain by an extension of the copyright period. The original creator of the work is gone, so he or she will not be complaining, and the original copyright act went fifty years beyond that person's death, so an extra twenty years does not gain much. What it does do is stop people with ideas that are creative and unique to some degree but would also play on or work with an older idea from getting those ideas to market and into the hands of readers and consumers.

This actually hurts the public as a whole, and people do not even realize it. It can also hurt creative people like writers…… [Read More]


Cheeseman, Henry R.(2003). Contemporary Business & E-Commerce Law, 4th Edition, Prentice Hall ISBN: 0-13-034852-X
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U S Airways Business Analysis and

Words: 1442 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 89097353

This is part of a month-long survey to determine whether current weight estimates are accurate. Anyone refusing to give his or her weight could be barred from the flight. Investigators are looking at excess weight and elevator malfunction as possible contributing causes of the January 8th crash of a 19 seat eech 1900 turboprop.. Maximum take-off weight for the eech that crashed was just over 17,000 pounds and the plane was within 100 pounds of that figure."

Individuals flying should be warned that anything stashed underneath the clothes will be seen, even the individuals private body parts as evidence in the following report from September 10, 2004:

new X-ray machine at London's Heathrow has been attacked by civil liberties groups as a "voyeur's charter." The machine uses low-level radiation to see through clothing, producing an anatomically detailed black and white image of the body underneath. The machine is capable of…… [Read More]


Bigger travelers add to airline fuel woes (2004) located [Online] at: John Deere Travel News Report [Online] at

01/28/2003 FAA Wants to Watch Your Weight. John Deere Travel News Report [Online] at

11/10/2004 New x-ray machine sees all. John Deere Travel News Report [Online] at

John Deere Travel News Report [Online] at
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Crisis Humanity Has Not Yet

Words: 1271 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 34864277

e. An amount that is about 1% of GDP) to ensure that the current PAYGO system is solvent for the next 75 years. Thus, 10 trillion dollars problem is not as large and scary if we start acting today to fix the current system).

It is totally manageable."

ut the official plan is somewhat different. ush's administration is trying to introduce private account systems where a fraction of payroll tax will be transferred to private accounts and managed by the future retirees themselves, thus, giving them chance to invest this money into stocks, which have proven to give on average higher rates of return than the Treasury ills which generate rather moderate income.

The opponents of this idea state that this is just a shell-game, where no capital is accumulated and investments are not increased. The overall national capital is not increased, but this plan will cause enormous transactions costs…… [Read More]


1) Kinnan, Chris Trustees Report: Social Security Collapse Quickening, 2004 available on web:

2) Allen, Mike Semantics shape social security debate, Article the Washington Post. Washington, D.C. Jan 23, a. 04

3) Roubini, Nouriel Social Security Privatization as the Mother of All Con-Man Smoke-and-Mirrors Shell-Games, available on web:
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The American International Group Situation

Words: 1844 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 93406392

If AIG would not have been helped by the Federal eserve, it is more
than obvious that the financial group would have declared bankruptcy.
Although the bailout reached an enormous sum, the action was justified.
Given the current market conditions, an eventual collapse of AIG would
contribute even more to the fragility of the financial market. Also, it
would have led to a reduction of public wealth, and it would have reduced
economic performance.
The opinion of U.S. taxpayers is that the AIG bailout was not
justified. For them, it did not seem fair that they should pay for the
mistakes made by financial corporations' CEOs and by the defective policies
and strategies practiced by financial groups.
There are two sides to this issue, one opposing the other. U.S.
citizens have strongly declared themselves against the bailout. Their
pressure determined the country's officials to reject financial saving
plans initially.…… [Read More]

Reference list:
1. Chronology: Financial Crisis Spreads from U.S. to World
Markets (2008). Deutsche Welle. Retrieved November 7, 2008
from http:www.dw-world.dedwarticle0,2144,3689713,00.html.

2. Subprime mortgage crisis (2008). Wikipedia, the free
encyclopedia. Retrieved November 7, 2008 from
3. DiMartino, D. & Duca, J. V. (2007). The Rise and Fall of
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Fiat Chrysler -- Leadership - Teambuilding

Words: 2832 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 92836003

Fiat / Chrysler -- Leadership - Teambuilding

The Chrysler merger with Fiat was met with skepticism and doubts when it was first proposed. Chrysler had just recently emerged from near bankruptcy -- saved by a U.S. government bailout -- and Fiat is a strong internationally respected corporation building cars, earth-moving machines, and more. The merging of Chrysler and Fiat was seen as having a greater opportunity for success than did the merger between Chrysler and Daimler-Benz, but still there were doubters in the industry. However, as of May, 2012, the blending together of the two companies (Fiat and Chrysler) has produced a profitable situation. This paper examines the cultures -- and leadership -- shown within the two companies, a strong combination that has allowed success to be achieved. The paper also critiques the leadership styles in the dynamics of this merger, and delves into the concept of teambuilding when two…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Associated Press. (2012). Fiat Gets Another 5% State In Chrysler Thanks to Dodge Dart.

HuffPost Detroit. Retrieved May 11, 2012, from .

Buss, Dale. (2012). "Gordian Knott" Sliced Through Chrysler Woes with Suppliers. Forbes.

Retrieved May 11, 2012, from  .
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Continental Go Forward Strategy the Overarching Objective

Words: 1009 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 55360136

Continental Go Forward Strategy

The overarching objective of the Go Forward Strategy was to continually accelerate the gains made in customer relationship management (CM), customer service, operations and the maintenance, repair and overhaul of their jets. What Continental was after was the ability to unify their entire operation into a highly integrated, coordinated customer-based platform that could be used for streamlining every aspect of their operations to exceed customer expectations and deliver exceptional value (Watson, Wixom, Hoffer, Anderson-Lehman, eynolds, 2006). The Go Forward strategy further galvanized Continental unto a very focused strategy for ensuring their Enterprise Data Warehouse (EDW) turned into a Powerful catalyst for customer-driven change (Watson, Wixom, Hoffer, Anderson-Lehman, eynolds, 2006).

The $30M investment in the Go Forward Strategy was one of the most effective investments in technology any airline has ever made in technology, with Continental netting a gain of $500M in increased revenue and cost savings.…… [Read More]


Cunningham, C., Il-Yeol Song, & Chen, P.P. (2006). Data warehouse design to support customer relationship management analyses. Journal of Database Management, 17(2), 62-84.

Johnson, L.K. (2004). Strategies for data warehousing. MIT Sloan Management Review, 45(3), 9-9.

Subramanian, A., Smith, L.D., Nelson, A.C., Campbell, J.F., & Bird, D.A. (1997). Strategic planning for data warehousing. Information & Management, 33(2), 99-113.

Watson, H.J., Wixom, B.H., Hoffer, J.A., Anderson-Lehman, R., & Reynolds, A.M. (2006). Real-time business intelligence: Best practices at continental airlines. Information Systems Management, 23(1), 7-18.
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Churchill Downs Race Track Beating

Words: 1849 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 13391974

The racehorse industry has been faced with accusations of promoting the breeding of fragile animals that are unable to withstand the rigors of training, because of a lust for promoting speedy animals at all costs. And the recent publicity of the slaughter of retired racehorses who have outlived their usefulness has further damaged the reputation of the sport. Unlike other forms of betting, horseracing must try to preserve its family-friendly image to some extent, given that many parents take their children to the track. Poor sportsmanship and a lack of sensitivity to the suffering of animals will turn the next generation of fans away.


Churchill Downs must honor the legacy of its treasured past, and promote prominent ethical spokespersons for the sport, like the multiple Kentucky Derby winner jockey Calvin Borel. More stringent standards must be imposed industry-wide regarding the treatment of both horses and jockeys, but until then,…… [Read More]


A brief history of the Kentucky Derby. (2010). Time Magazine. Retrieved October 30, 2010 at,29307,1894988_1876977,00.html#ixzz13rcUDwJF

Grassi, Diane M. (2010, June 27).Horse racing industry saddled with financial meltdown.

Sports Column. Retrieved October 30, 2010 at 

History of Churchill Downs. (2010). Churchill Downs. Retrieved October 30, 2010 at
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Hardship Letter Any Business Relationship

Words: 1790 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 77963534

4. I did not obtain my current mortgage under any materially false pretenses.

As part of the Hope for Homeowners program, I would be able to attain a new affordable mortgage based on a current appraisal value. I would retain 10% equity in the property, and would be sharing the equity and future appreciation with the Federal government, which would prohibit me from taking out any additional loans against the property except for direct repairs and/or maintenance. There are also up front insurance premiums for this type of loan, which I am aware of.

If you would please consider one of these two options, I believe we can come up with a mutually satisfying solution to help avoid foreclosure on my home. I am writing this hardship letter to plead with your company to review my loan information, take into account my current financial situation, my excellent payment history prior…… [Read More]


Mortgage Bankers Association. Fannie Mae Posts Conventional Mortgage Servicing Modifications (06-18). Related Documents, 2008 Mortgage Bankers Association. Website with .pdf file:,7601299&_dad=portal&_schema=PORTAL
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Violations Individual Ethical Violations Have

Words: 469 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 13660948

At the time, it seemed like employees had little need to worry. PGE assured its employees with sunny words that Enron was doing well, and employees saw their investment portfolios growing. hey felt assured that their futures were secure. After all, in August 2000, Enron's stock was $90.56. All of that changed in 2001.

he creators of Enron's house of cards were punished, but that is of little comfort to the individuals whose fates and futures were unwittingly ground under the wheels of history. hey did everything right except trusting the wrong people, people who smiled and told them the stock was high, and to pay no attention to the men telling lies behind the curtains of accounting shenanigans. But no matter how harshly the perpetrators of the Enron fraud are punished, it is PGE employees will never recover what they lost.

Recently, I read of a New Jersey high…… [Read More]

The ordinary employees had no idea that PGE had joined the fortunes and the future of every employee with what would become one of the most notorious, fraudulent companies in American business history. At the time, it seemed like employees had little need to worry. PGE assured its employees with sunny words that Enron was doing well, and employees saw their investment portfolios growing. They felt assured that their futures were secure. After all, in August 2000, Enron's stock was $90.56. All of that changed in 2001.

The creators of Enron's house of cards were punished, but that is of little comfort to the individuals whose fates and futures were unwittingly ground under the wheels of history. They did everything right except trusting the wrong people, people who smiled and told them the stock was high, and to pay no attention to the men telling lies behind the curtains of accounting shenanigans. But no matter how harshly the perpetrators of the Enron fraud are punished, it is PGE employees will never recover what they lost.

Recently, I read of a New Jersey high school valedictorian whose acceptance to Harvard had been rescinded because of evidence she had plagiarized while a student. How could she have thought she could have gotten away with it, asked the newspapers? I knew it was arrogance -- the arrogance of assuming that because you have a little knowledge, even if it is only the knowledge of how to cheat, you are above the law and that your actions have no consequences.
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P& G Case How Should P& g's

Words: 1155 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 95335031

A major weakness that can be mitigated for P&G is that of copycat and "me too" products that erode the prestige of the brand. When margins are high competitors tend to enter the market. The industry that P&G operates in is fairly easy to enter. There are many substitutes for Tide as there are many substitutes for Coke. P&G must be very careful to maintain the prestige and quality of the brand so that competitors can not erode its influence on consumers.

Compare the strengths and weaknesses of P&G's resources and capabilities to that of Eastman Kodak (Case 7). These companies are in very different industries. How does this affect strategic analysis of resources and capabilities?

The first major strength of P&G relative to Kodak is its margins and cost structure. P&G has the benefit of increasing earnings without having a corresponding increase in capital expenditures. Eastman Kodak however, as…… [Read More]


1) "P&G 2010 Annual Report." P&G 2010 AR Letter: Brand Building, Competitive Advantage. Web. 26 Feb. 2012. .

2) "Procter & Gamble Co. (PG) | Statement of Financial Position, Assets." Stock Analysis on Net. Web. 26 Feb. 2012. .

3) Stempel, Jonathan, and Liana B. Baker. "Photography Pioneer Kodak Files for Bankruptcy." Reuters. Thomson Reuters, 19 Jan. 2012. Web. 26 Feb. 2012. .
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Predatory Lending and the Subprime

Words: 6468 Length: 22 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 14582464

nd we must take into consideration what would happen if, somewhere down the line, we encountered the very real possibility of changed financial circumstances.

The financial knots we're tying ourselves into now, as we scramble to purchase homes and wind up owning less of them, can have serious long-term ramifications. Because today's overall tighter finances often necessitate putting off major purchases, many adults don't buy their first home until they're well into their thirties or even forties.

s a result, those thirty-year mortgage payments follow us right into retirement, hanging around even as rising health care and tuition expenses for college-aged children begin to spike. s a result, we discover too late that the asset we gambled everything to acquire because it was going to see us through retirement is instead pushing that retirement further and further away. lready, an increasing number of seniors are borrowing against their homes, accumulating…… [Read More]

Adam Tanner, San Francisco Suburb Vallejo Files for Bankruptcy, REUTERS, May 23, 2008;

Fishbein & Woodall.

Michael M. Phillips, to Help Broke Homeowners, He's Taking the Law into His Own Hands, WALL ST. J., June 6, 2008, at A1.
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Managers Spend Approximately 25 of

Words: 1815 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 43712632

e. telling someone that you think he is still discontent), paraphrasing the emotion that the other expresses, and encouraging emotional perspective taking (with questions like "how would you feel about this in the future?" Or attempting to convey the emotion of the other party). In short, emphasis on emotion should be placed forefront in the mediation session and the underlying emotions should be uncovered and dealt with in order that one can then proceed to a conflict-free resolution.

There are, in short, two ways -- as Schnurman (2011) observes -- to handling workplace conflicts. Firstly, one can seek to minimize them by generating a healthy, communicative work environment. Secondly, one can skillfully resolve and defuse the issues once they arise. Arguments are a part of every workplace. How one deal with them determines the results -- and the results can be positive if dealt with in a constructive manner. Focusing…… [Read More]


American Institute of Stress Workplace Stress 

CCR Int. About Workplace Conflict
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Porter's Five Forces in Auto

Words: 2221 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 87162809

For this reason, they have stepped out to pursue alternatives, especially foreign cars. On the contrary, as consumers become price oriented, they have minimal purchasing power because they are not buyers of large volume automobiles (Porter, 1985).

3.3 Threat of New Entrants

It is extremely difficult for new entrants penetrate the auto industry because of the existing high level of brand loyalty. Nevertheless, the few popular overseas firms and entered the American auto industry easily. For example, Honda Motors entered Ohio by opening a new office. This marked the beginning of a major stiff competition in the industry. Foreign entrants have expanded leading to decreased markets for American auto companies (ubenstein, 2011).

3.4 Bargaining Power of Buyers

In the current marketplace, consumers have been given various options, models, and brands to make their selection. However, various factors affect the buying decisions of consumers. They include price, appearance, and effect on…… [Read More]


Beecroft, D. (2008). History of the American automobile industry. Toronto: CCH Canadian Limited.

Cooney, S., & Yacobucci, B.D. (2009). U.S. automotive industry: Policy overview and recent history. New York: Nova Science Publishers.

Porter, M.E. (1979) "How competitive forces shape strategy," Harvard Business Review, March/April 1979.

Porter, M.E. (1980) "Competitive Strategy," The Free Press, New York, 1980.
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Mf Global

Words: 1252 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 49928721

MF Global

Discuss the key difference between conducting a financial audit and a fraud audit, and the related level of responsibility of the auditing firm.

Financial audits are typically carried out by certified public accountants or outside agencies or firms that work directly on behalf of individual companies. At times financial audits may be initiated by government entities. The audit itself is more of a "double-check" of financial reports and practices (Weinberg, 2003). Financial audits are deemed complete upon verification that numbers are accurate. Completed financial audits may prove or disprove information, but discrepancies will typically not result in the same serious consequences as those uncovered during a fraud investigation or audit.

Fraud auditing usually comes at the demand of the U.S. court system - usually the work is carried out by the government or privately-held third parties. Fraud audits look for dishonesty and hidden figures. They probe deeper than…… [Read More]


Dyck, A., Morse, A., & Zingales, L. (2010). Who Blows the Whistle on Corporate Fraud?. Journal of Finance, 65(6), 2213-2253. doi:10.1111/j.1540-6261.2010.01614.x.

Lee, A. (2012). MF Global client funds: how new NFA proposal would work. International Financial Law Review, 41.

Spencer, J. (2011, December 14). MF Global: A search for answers and millions of dollars. Star Tribune (Minneapolis, MN).

Weinberg, J.A. (2003). Accounting for Corporate Behavior. Economic Quarterly (10697225), 89(3), 1-20.
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Securities Law

Words: 1313 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 75099828

Corporation Transactions and Misrepresentation of Financial eports

Business law also called commercial law is a branch of civil law that governs business as well as, commercial transactions, and deals with both the private and public law. The branch created to ensure that, they are no exploitation and manipulation of people as well as rules and regulation in order to benefit some members of a business. This means that should one break or manipulate the rules and regulation in his favor. The or she must face the court in accordance with the law. With legal rights of all investors considered as an important element of the business law, we examine the board changes within the filling of the shareholder derivative lawsuits and might not be frivolous. Also, lack of highly competent employees within a business can lead to tremendous losses and to some extent closure of the business in accordance with…… [Read More]

Reference list

Arlen, J. (1994). The Potentially Perverse Effects of Corporate Criminal Liability, the Journal of Legal Studies 23 (June), 833.

Becker, G.S. (1968). "Crime and Punishment: An Economic Approach." Journal of Political Economy 76 (March/April), 169-217.

Zingales, L. (2004). The Costs and Benefits of Financial Market Regulation, European Corporate Governance Institute working paper 21/2004
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Physician Leadership Part 1-Identify at Least Three

Words: 859 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 10783937

Physician Leadership

Part 1-Identify at least three challenges faced by physician leaders in their attempts to "lead" physicians toward a common vision of healthcare performance.

Part 2-ead the "Bankruptcy of Allegheny Health Education and esearch Foundation" (HEF) on page 368 of the course text. Select one of the board's practices. Identify and discuss the problems with the practice you have selected. Suggest ways the practice could be modified/changed in order to eliminate the problems you identified.

Physician Leadership

Part 1-Identify at least three challenges faced by physician leaders in their attempts to "lead" physicians toward a common vision of healthcare performance.

The development of physician leaders in the medical field is not only desired but is necessary. Numerous health care organizations now recognize that effective physician leadership is a primary factor in the success of organizations. Common assumptions exist that physicians are highly qualified to be effective leaders. However, years…… [Read More]


Aas E, Baussant T, Balk L, Liewenborg B, Andersen OK. (2000) PAH metabolites in bile, cytochrome P4501A and DNA adducts as environmental risk parameters for chronic oil exposure: a laboratory experiment with Atlantic cod. Aquat Toxicol 51:241-258.

Bromley, H.R., & Kirschner-Bromley, V.A. (2007). Are you a transformational leader? The Physician Executive, 33(6), 54-57.

Hartung, D.L., & Fulkerson, W. (2006). Effective leadership teams: Achieving financial, quality, operational and clinical goals. Retrieved December 12, 2008, from

Kotter, J.P. (1996). Leading change. Boston, MA: Harvard Business School Press.
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Dell's Inc Accounting Fraud

Words: 1401 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 57091795


Business practices came under fire when America's seventh largest firm Enron collapsed due to unethical accounting strategies. This case triggered a series of unwelcome events where one after the other, large organizations in the U.S. collapsed or run for bankruptcy cover with one case even implicated the infamous Martha Stewart for insider trading. The various deceitful activities of some larger companies resulted in widespread public mistrust of business practices and values. Companies as big as Adelphia, ENON, Global Crossing, Kmart, Qwest communications, WorldCom and Xerox are all under thorough investigation by one of the few reliable authorities, Securities and Exchange Commission (oyal Bank of Scotland). All the aforementioned names were business of international repute that were charged with the unethical act of projecting inflated profits to trick stakeholders and earn higher profits and generate greater revenue from expensive stocks (oyal Bank of Scotland). WorldCom ran for insolvency…… [Read More]


Hess, E. Stark Lessons From The Dell Fraud Case. Forbes. Oct 2010

Goldman, D. Dell settles fraud charges for $100 million. CNNMoney 2010

SEC Administrative proceedings. 2010. Retrieved online from
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China and Globalization Three Research Questions on

Words: 3146 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 63390502

China and Globalization


In evaluating China's prospects for achieving superpower status, especially during this economic crisis, the first research question would take into consideration whether and to what degree the United States is in decline as a superpower, and if it is, then whether China is simply going to achieve superpower status by default. This is what happened to the British Empire after decades of economic decline and then bankruptcy as a result of the Second World War: the U.S. took its place as the leading world power. Certainly the U.S. position seems far shakier today than it did in the 1950s and 1960s or in the 1990s after the collapse of the Soviet Union. Even the predominant economic model that it has been propounding worldwide since the 1980s, that of free trade and free markets is no longer…… [Read More]


Case 2-5: Coping with Corruption in Trading with China (2011). "Case of State-Sponsored Extortion Harms China's Progress.", August 14, 2011.

Foreign Corrupt Practices Act (FCPA) of 1977. U.S. Department of Justice.

Hetzel, R.L. (2008). The Monetary Policy of the Federal Reserve: A History. Cambridge University Press.
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Tourism After September 11

Words: 11294 Length: 45 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 53060413

Terrorist Attacks on New York City

Consumer ehavior and Risk

Terrorism and Consumerism in the Melting Pot

How has September 11 Impacted Americans

Economic Impact of terrorism

Outlook for the New York Economy

Examination of the Effects on usiness

Regaining Consumer Confidence

Sampling Procedures

Survey Construction

Survey results

Recommendations for Further Studies

Survey of Consumer Patterns After The September 11 attacks on the World Trade Towers

Survey Results presented Graphically

Store Owner Interviews

The Impact of the Terrorist Attacks on New York City: One Year Later Chapter 1

The attacks on the World Trade Towers on September 11, 2001 threatened the American People's sense of security in a way that had not been felt since the attack on Pearl Harbor. To say that the attacks changed the lives of many people would be an understatement. The attacks literally brought the country to a halt for nearly three days. It can…… [Read More]


American Bankers Association. 2001. "Post Sept. 11 Survey Shows Nation's Bankers Are Optimistic." ABA Press Release, December 3, 2001.

Atkinson, J.W. 1957. Motivational determinants of risk-taking behavior. Psychological Review,

Barone, Ronald; M. Rigby, Peter;Schwartz, Bruce; Simonson; Arthur F; Chew; William H;

Eiseman, Barbara A, and Shipman, Todd A. 2002. Consequences of Sept. 11 Attacks Put
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Radioshack Case Study

Words: 551 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 67348583

Ppt, Answer Question

Post Your Answer on Canvas by Feb 17th

SECTION B (Essay Questions)

To deal with two essay questions, please read the case below.

RadioShack Files for Bankruptcy, Will Co-Brand Stores With Sprint, Published on February 05, 2015.

RadioShack, which is filing for bankruptcy imminently, is completing a deal with Sprint that would let its name live on at as many as 1,750 locations.

Sprint confirmed the deal in a statement on Wednesday and said the stores will be co-branded, with Sprint being the primary brand on storefronts and in marketing materials. The RadioShack brand would continue as a store-within-a-store concept at locations acquired by Sprint.

"Sprint and RadioShack expect to benefit from operational efficiencies and by cross-marketing to each other's customers," Sprint CEO Marcelo Claure said in a statement.

For Sprint, its new stores will be used to combat Verizon and AT&T, carriers with much larger subscriber…… [Read More]

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Accounting Finance Repo 105 and Lehman

Words: 1057 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 87109356

By re-characterizing the epo 105 dealing as a sale, Lehman detached the account from its balance sheet (Durden, 2010).

Lehman frequently augmented its utilization of epo 105 transactions in the time previous to reporting interludes to decrease its openly reported net leverage and balance sheet. Lehman's intermittent reports did not reveal the money borrowing from the epo 105 transaction, even though Lehman had in reality borrowed tens of billions of dollars in these dealings, Lehman did not reveal the acknowledged responsibility to pay back the liabilities. Lehman utilized the money from the epo 105 dealings to pay off other dangers, thus dropping both the entire debts and the entire assets accounted for on its balance sheet and decreasing its power percentages. Therefore, Lehman's epo 105 dealing was made up of a two-fold procedure: performing epo 105 dealings followed by the utilization of epo 105 cash borrowings to pay down debts,…… [Read More]


Durden, Tyler. (2010). The "Repo 105" Scam: How Lehman Fooled Everyone (Including

Allegedly Dick Fuld) and How Other Banks Are Likely Doing This Right Now. Retreived

April 10, 2011, from Web site:

Goldstein, Jacob. (2011). Repo 105: Lehman's 'Accounting Gimmick' Explained. Retreived April
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Business Information Systems Intuit Case

Words: 1509 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 2473027

For a product configuration system to be effective it must be able to submit orders directly into production while at the same time being able to determine what the Available-To-Promise (ATP) ship dates are (Mendelson, Parlakturk, 2008). Instead of just giving the standard four to six weeks I'd also integrate the product configuration systems to supply chain systems to ensure that accurate Available-To-Promise (ATP) dates (Gunasekaran, Ngai, 2009). I'd use this as a competitive differentiator to ensure that customers could be very well informed as to when their sofa or furniture was going to arrive. All of these systems would also be integrated to an analytics system so it would be possible to know what the status of orders and shipments were on a continual basis.


Gunasekaran, A., & Ngai, E.. (2009). Modeling and analysis of build-to-order supply chains. European Journal of Operational esearch, 195(2), 319.

Johansson, Johny K.,…… [Read More]


Gunasekaran, A., & Ngai, E.. (2009). Modeling and analysis of build-to-order supply chains. European Journal of Operational Research, 195(2), 319.

Johansson, Johny K., & Nonaka, Ikujiro. (1987, May). Market Research the Japanese Way. Harvard Business Review, 65(3), 16.

Kate Maddox. (2006, April). Microsoft research paves way for 'People Ready'. B to B, 91(4), 62.

Lorne McMillan & Brenda Ng. (2007). Ethnography within consumer research -- a critical case study of Consumer Film Festivals. International Journal of Market Research, 49(6), 707-714.
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Bankrupt Bonus the Economic Crisis

Words: 920 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 59404132

Though the director claimed to have no knowledge of the accounting fraud, analysts wonder what other than his silence could possibly warrant such a high compensation package (English 2002). This is yet another company where slews of jobs were lost, pensions and benefits disappeared, and yet many top executives received lucrative compensation and severance packages, five years before any TAP funds were available to provide them.

There is some hope that the situation might change, however. In the wake of the financial scandal, and even in the years leading up to it, many CEOs signed deals agreeing to limit their own pay should their companies hit troubled waters (Penttila 2009). Congress has also been considering legislation that would either directly limit executive compensation in public companies, or allow for direct shareholder say in the compensation of company officers, but often this type of "consideration" is really political double-speak for seeming…… [Read More]


English, Simon. "WorldCom Chief was Aware of Fraud." The Telegraph. Feb 27, 2009

Kopecki, Dawn & Goldman, Julianna. "Obama Calls Bonuses Shameful and as Dodd Vows to Reclaim Money." Bloomberg. Feb 27, 2009 .

Oliphant, James. "Stimulus' Cap on Executive Bonuses is Too Sweeping, Experts Warn." Los Angeles Times. Feb 27, 2009

Pentilla, Chris. "Rethinking CEO Salaries." Entrepreneur Magazine. Feb 27,2009
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Credit Crisis and Recession of

Words: 2151 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 93172203

But amid the celebration, crucial opportunities have been lost: In September 2009, the "inspector general for the Troubled Asset Relief Program, a k a, the bank bailout fund, released his report on the 2008 rescue of the American International Group, the insurer. The gist of the report is that government officials made no serious attempt to extract concessions from bankers, even though these bankers received huge benefits from the rescue. And more than money was lost. By making what was in effect a multibillion-dollar gift to all Street, policy makers undermined their own credibility -- and put the broader economy at risk" (Krugman 2009). Many banks have given back their TARP funds, in exchange for the ability to once again engage in risky activities, to pay traders the bonuses they desire, and to pay executives what seems to be overinflated compensation. In June ten of the largest recipients of aid,…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Cohan, William. "A tsunami of greed." The New York Times. March 11, 2009.

December 8, 2009.

"Credit Crisis." Special feature. The New York Times. Last September 22, 2009.
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Pilgrim's Pride Feed Blunders That

Words: 2812 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 11894550

" (NCGA, 2008) The following chart shows the U.S. Corn Supply and Total Use between the years of 1988-1989 and 2008-2009.

Source: NCGA (2008)

U.S. corn growers are stated by the NCGA to have responded to the increase in demand by producing "the five largest corn crops in history over the past five years - with the 2007-08 crop setting an all-time record of 14.4 billion bushels." (NCGA, 2008) Annual production is stated to have averaged 11.3 billion bushels from 2003/04 to 2007/08 compared with an average of 9.5 billion bushels in the previous five crop years." (NCGA, 2008) Acres are planted by corn growers in response to the marketplace signals and when corn demand is high and "revenue per-acres is strong relative to other crops, farmers will plant more corn." (NCGA, 2008) This is precisely what occurred in 2007 as farmers planted "92.9 million acres to corn, a 19%…… [Read More]


Pulley, Mary (2008) Pilgrim's Pride Layoffs. 13 Mar 2008. Online available at 

Andrejczak, Matt (2008) Chicken Producers Bank on Summer Rally. 16 May 2008. Market Watch. Online available at

Biofuels: Turning Trash into Treasure (2008) Chevron - Human Energy. Mar 2008. Online available at

U.S. Corn Growers: Producing Food & Fuel (2008) National Corn Grower's Association. Online available at
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Continental Was Saved Continental Airlines

Words: 1046 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 84757151

Explanation on how to avoid such crises

The notion of avoiding a snowball effect is tangential to the notion of stopping a speeding locomotive. The only chance one has of stopping either is in the beginning. In the Continental example, the central solution was ostensibly to shake up the organization completely. This included a management and labor restructuring as well as a brand image, asset, product quality, service and customer management overhaul. In reality for Continental however there was no real beginning as there was not a strategic plan or vision to convey where the organization was attempting to go.

An organization must always be in line with its mission and vision statement. To meander away from these ideals will reduce the level of efficiency and effectiveness of the organization. Indeed, the sacrifice is intended to increase revenue over expenses acquired however what does tend to happen when a business…… [Read More]


Brenneman G. "Right Away and All at Once: How We Saved Continental"
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Unexpected Expenses Over the Last

Words: 752 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 66062756

This has caused those who are living above the age of 60, to face the possibility of spending the last several years of their life dealing with: a disability or complication from any of the above conditions. ("Facts on the U.S. Health Care Crisis," 2006)

As a result, everyone that is living under the current system must realize that the U.S. has a number of different weaknesses, strengths and risks. The combination of the weaknesses and risks are improving the chances that some kind of financial crisis could occur. The reason why, is because the rising costs are eating away at the financial foundation of families who are in need of these services. As the risks facing the system, are illustrating how the weaknesses could negate any kind of positive benefits. For families, this means that they must take steps to protect themselves in the event of a crisis. ("Facts…… [Read More]


Facts on the U.S. Health Care Crisis. (2006). ABC News. Retrieved from: 

Summary. (2007). Solving the American Health Care Crisis. Answers to Health Care. Retrieved from:
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Organizational Performance Can Be Measured in Terms

Words: 1345 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 39382178

Organizational performance can be measured in terms of financial, output metrics, or market share performance. An organization is considered to achieve high performance if it is able to demonstrate growth in its all aspects of organizational performance metrics. The three key criteria to measure organizational performances in all industries are as follows:

Financial performance (profits, return on assets)

Product and market performances (sales, market share)

Shareholder returns (total shareholder return, economic value added)

An organization is generally able to claim a healthy financial performance if its annual net profits continuously increase or if the company reaches its own internal financial targets. Product and market performances are measured when organizations can claim a significant share of the total volume of sales in the market. It is generally thought that with the production of high quality goods or services, organizations will be able to achieve their desired market performances (Richard 2009). For…… [Read More]

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Worldcom Prior to the Corporate Financial Scandal

Words: 1713 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 1694636


Prior to the corporate financial scandal, WorldCom was one of the largest long distance telephone companies (euters, 2003). Initially headquartered in Mississippi it later moved to Virginia. The company grew fast by acquiring other companies such as MCI Communications in 1998 and UUNET technology in 1996. Other companies acquired included, Metromedia in 1992, esurgens Communications Group in 1993. In the course of this acquisition spree, WorldCom undertook two complex takeovers. The first was the 1998 acquisition of CompuServe from H& Block where it retained the network division, sold off the online service to American Online (AOL) and the second, the acquisition of Digex in 2001, and disposed of all Digex assets to Allegiance Telecom (Kaplan & Kiron, 2004). With these acquisitions, it gained a favorable reputation in the market as a company with a solid foundation.

Facts of the WorldCom Case

The WorldCom fraud case is one of the…… [Read More]


Kaplan, R.S., & Kiron, D. (2004). Accounting Fraud at WorldCom. HBS Premier Case Collection .

Reuters. (2003, April 14). WorldCom to emerge from collapse. Retrieved from

Ryerson, F. (2009). Improper Capitalization and The Management of Earnings. Las Vegas: Macon State College.

The Securities and Exchange Commission, 02 Civ. 3288 (United States District Court For the Southern District of New York June 26, 2002).
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Merrill Lynch Barge Scenario Case Summary --

Words: 1193 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 17497578

Merrill Lynch Barge Scenario

Case Summary -- Enron, a Texas-based energy company, was created in 1985 and had such phenomenal growth it was soon the seventh largest company in the U.S. until its bankruptcy in 2001. Enron was involved in a number of scandals, among which was the Nigerian Barge Case. Essentially, Enron attempted to sell interest in three power-generating barges off the coast of Nigeria, but was unsuccessful. By December of 1999, Merrill Lynch agreed to buy Enron's interest. Enron "loaned" ML 75% of the money, offering ML a guaranteed return of 15% on 7 million dollars ($1.05 million in 6 months). Essentially, the entire deal was a fraud, designed only to make Enron appear more profitable than it was. Most of the Enron promises were verbal, and the situation was never really a "sale," but a short-term leverage loan. Enron's objective, in fact, was to improve the way…… [Read More]


Virtue Ethics. (March 2012). Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Retrieved from: 

Aristotle. (2007). Nicomachean Ethics. New York: NuVision.

Flikschuh, K. (2000). Kant and Modern Political Philosophy. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Flood, M. (May 13, 2005). Judge Hands Out Prison Time in Enron Barge Scam. From the Houston Chronicle. Retrieved from: / article/Judge-hands-out-prison-time-in-Enron-barge-scam-1942569.php
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Nortel Case Study

Words: 2701 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 96793567

Nortel Case Study

Nortel Networks Corporation, more commonly referred to as Nortel, was a global company of Canadian origin that at its peak in the early 2000's had comprised of one-third of the total valuation of the companies listed on the Toronto Stock Exchange (TSX). Nortel was founded in 1895 in Montreal, Quebec, with its manufacturing headquarters currently located in Mississauga, Ontario. The company manufactured data networking equipment along with offering telecommunication services. It employed over 94,500 employees worldwide.

Nortel's troubles began in the 1990's when under CEO John Roth, the company expanded into the internet technology market. Roth used media to alter public perception of the company. The sale of the optic fibre networking gear by the company from then on was hyped up by the speculators in the market, driving the share price of the company up, even though the company failed to produce overall annual profits. This…… [Read More]

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Flags Unfortunately for Six Flags it Looked

Words: 629 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 31388875


Unfortunately for Six Flags, it looked like the heavy debt burden and the challenges of running a seasonal business, would more than likely sink the company. While many positive changes had occurred that indicated a positive future, it is unlikely that Six Flag was going to have any lasting success immediately. It's true that in 2006 more families were returning to parks and spending more money and that the guest approval rating had reached a five-year high, with employees accomplishing a tremendous amount in what was a very transitional year for the company. Heavy discounts for tickets were eliminated and more aggressive sales techniques were adopted as well. Even though there was an increase in guest spending, something which appeared to continue at a strong pace, and the elimination of deep discounts was there to help re-establish the integrity of the brand and to stop teenagers who don't boost…… [Read More]


Ryan, P.A. (2006). The 2006 Business Turn Around: Six Flags. Internet Mini Case #15
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Strategic Choices at HD Motorcycle Corporation Harley

Words: 1206 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 49484200

Strategic Choices at HD Motorcycle Corporation

Harley Davidson's strategy to become a successful organization

The corporate strategy is developed in accordance with the business strategic vision and mission. The organizations also establish business strategy to respond internal and external elements of their operating environment. Harley Davidson is an organization that has a long history of operations and also faced challenges from external and internal environments. The business has also adopted changes in its corporate and business level strategies in response to the environmental factors. The strategies enabling the business a successful business entity are reviewed in the following sections.

Harley Davidson's strategy to become a successful organization:

The business has gained its position in the market over the years. The success story of Harley Davison (HD) is based on the competitive strategy and adopted changes throughout the business. The organization grew over the years and it has followed different strategies…… [Read More]


Daft, R.L. (2009). Organization theory and design. USA: Cengage learning.

Doole, I., & Lowe, R. (2005). Strategic Marketing: Decisions in Global Markets. USA: CengageBrain.

Gee, T. (2008). Hope Is Not a Strategy: Simple Solutions for Doing Business in the 21st Century. USA: Dog Ear Publishing.