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As a result, by the late 1980s, the job-creation rate in Arkansas was among the highest in the country.
During all this time, Clinton never left sight of his life-long ambition of getting to the highest political office in the country. He methodically prepared himself for the job by learning the ropes and by gradually assuming a number of national leadership roles, e.g., in 1985 and 1986 he served as chairman of the Southern Growth Policies Board, became chairman of the National Governors Association in 1986 and 1987, led a movement to change the nation's system of providing welfare to poor people, and headed the Democratic Leadership Council 1990 and 1991.
Calculated risk-taking ability is one of the key characteristic of a successful leader. In 1990 / 91, the incumbent President, George H.. Bush enjoyed very high approval ratings in the wake of the First Gulf ar. Not…
Bill Clinton's Draft Letter" Frontline. 2000. May 9, 2007. http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/shows/clinton/etc./draftletter.html
Campbell, Colin, and Bert a. Rockman, eds. The Clinton Legacy. New York: Chatham House, 2000.
Denton, Robert E., and Rachel L. Holloway, eds. The Clinton Presidency: Images, Issues, and Communication Strategies. Westport, CT: Praeger, 1996.
Dumas, Ernest C. "Bill Clinton." Microsoft Encarta Online Encyclopedia, 2007. May 9, 2007. http://encarta.msn.com/encyclopedia_761564341/Bill_Clinton.html
The main purpose of Bill Clinton's 2004 autobiography entitled My Life is for the author primarily to tell his story. Included within the framework of this primary purpose is for Clinton to place his stance and opinions on the record, which is to say he hopes to annul the opinions of his detractors and critics while bolstering the opinions of those who would laud his legacy. Clinton undoubtedly also writes his autobiography to receive accolades, and garner attention his career and legacy.As McCrum puts it, Clinton's autobiography extends "his continuing appeal for history's mandate." Similarly, Kakutani states that the purpose of the autobiography is "not for the reader, but for himself and some distant recording angel of history." In other words, Clinton does not necessarily need to reach out personally to the reader for the autobiography to have a political purpose. For Clinton, the autobiography needed to be told…
Clinton, Bill. My Life. Retrieved online: http://listening.gdufs.edu.cn/audio/audiobook/%BF%CB%C1%D6%B6%D9%D3%D0%C9%F9%D7%D4%B4%AB%A3%A8%D5%E4%B2%D8%B0%E6%A3%A9/Bill.Clinton.-.My.Life.pdf
Kakutani, Michiko. "Books of The Times; A Pastiche of a Presidency, Imitating a Life, in 957 Pages." The New York Times. Retrieved online: http://www.nytimes.com/2004/06/20/us/books-of-the-times-a-pastiche-of-a-presidency-imitating-a-life-in-957-pages.html
McCrum, Robert. "Still Pressing the Flesh." The Guardian. 27 June 2004. Retrieved online: http://www.theguardian.com/books/2004/jun/27/biography.politicalbooks1
McMurty, Larry. "My Life: His True Love is Politics." New York Times. Retrieved online: http://www.nytimes.com/2004/06/23/books/review/0623books-mcmurtry-clinton.html?src=pm&pagewanted=1
Bill Clinton and Newt Gingrich
Both Bill Clinton and Newt Gingrich have served in very powerful positions in the United States government. In fact, their terms of service have overlapped. They are both recognized as eminent experts in the fields of economics, government and world history.
Both are also authors who have penned bestselling books in the non-fiction genre.
There are many similarities in terms of their personal lives as well. Both men hail from southern states. Gingrich was raised in Georgia, which he represented in Congress. They were also both involved in extra-marital scandals that tainted their public careers. Clinton's affair with intern Monica Lewinsky, for example, led to his impeachment. Gingrich, on the other hand, admitted to a 6-year affair that eventually led to his divorce in 1999.
However, additional similarities between the two men are few. Bill Clinton, a Democrat, has served two terms as President of…
Bill Clinton try to re-frame the story of his extra-Marital affair during the 1992 campaign?
When Gennifer Flowers came forward in 1992 to claim she had an affair with Bill Clinton while he was Governor of Arkansas -- what Clinton's staff would term the first of several "bimbo eruptions" -- Clinton managed to reframe the story by immediately giving two interviews, with "60 Minutes" and he Washington Post. In both cases, Clinton insisted on being jointly interviewed with his wife Hillary. he implication seemed to be that, if this man's wife knew he was "a hard dog to keep on the porch" and could still forgive him, then his adultery was hardly a matter of great concern for voters.
What do we mean when we say that Americans are "fair-weather voters?"?
Fair-weather voters are only likely to turn up at the polls if the weather is good. Voting to them…
The U.S. Supreme Court (part of the judicial branch of the federal government) chose to hear Brown v. Board of Education because the case had been decided in favor of plaintiff in court, then was reversed upon appeal. The Court's chief interest was not in public school policy in Kansas per se, but rather in revisiting their own judicial precedent in Plessy v. Ferguson just over fifty years earlier -- the Plessy decision had stated that separate but equal treatment did not violate the Fourteenth Amendment. Presumably the chief impetus for the Court re-opening in 1953-4 the question of whether segregation was permitted by the Fourteenth Amendment was President Truman's executive order desegregating the armed forces, signed five years earlier in July 1948.
6. How did the Supreme Court determine the Constitution includes a right to privacy?
According to the Supreme Court, the Constitutional basis for the right to privacy is found in the First Amendment (freedom of assembly), the Fourth Amendment (protecting against unreasonable search and seizure), and the Ninth Amendment (guaranteeing unenumerated rights). This is why the
Princess Diana and President Clinton
hen taking some time to think about it, is easy to both compare and contrast Princess Diana and President Clinton. Both are (or indeed were) prominent political figures, hounded by the press. Both attempted at some point to promote an image of marital bliss when in fact the opposite was the case. In each case sexual indiscretion on the part of one or both of the marital partners enjoyed a high public profile. On the other hand, both Diana and Clinton devoted a significant amount of time to political or social causes close to their hearts. So both could be viewed as fairly ambiguous figures in the eyes of both the public and the press. And indeed there are both comparisons and extreme contrasts that are examined below.
In terms of positive influence, both Diana and President Clinton exuded a large amount of charm. This…
Bowman, Marion. (1998). "Folklore: Diana, Princess of Wales." Folklore Society.
Jet. (2002, Nov. 11). "Bill Clinton inducted into Arkansas Black Hall of Fame." Johnson Publishing Co.
2003, Sept. 2). "Morris Calls for Heads to Roll." Insight on the News. News World Communications, Inc.
William Jefferson linton's time as the forty-second president was not marked by any major successes or failures. Much of his presidency was spent trying to implement economic and social reform, including a balanced budget and major changes to the national health care system. He used his roles as chief executive and chief economic planner to pursue his social and economic reform agenda, but also extended those goals to the international stage, using his powers as commander-in-chief as well as chief diplomat to influence foreign policy and international politics. However, his presidency will perhaps be marked by three major achievements: his tarnished reputation as chief of state because of the constant scandals surrounding his presidency, the weakening of the presidency as a result of his impeachment despite his role as chief judge, and his revival of the Democratic Party as political party chief.
hief of State
From his 1992…
Clinton's most significant influences as chief executive circulated around his efforts to improve the government's administration in terms of economic and social services. In both his plans to balance the federal budget and reform the nation's health care system, he often clashed with Republicans, producing mixed results. While the first balanced budget in three decades was produced during his administration, there were also two partial federal government shutdowns as a result of disagreements about budget cuts and priorities ("Clinton"). Additionally, his hopes to reform the nation's health care system, a campaign in which his wife, Hillary, played a large role, faced widespread opposition and in the end, did not come to fruition.
Clinton faced much skepticism about his ability to serve as commander-in-chief during his 1992 campaign because of his lack of military experience and allegations of draft dodging during the Vietnam War (Hayden 79). During his presidency, Clinton commanded three main military movements: he sent troops to Haiti to restore Jean-Bertrand Aristide's presidency in 1994, withdrew troops providing famine relief in Somalia in 1994 after a failed attempt at capturing a Somali warlord, and led NATO peacekeeping efforts in Yugoslavia in 1999 ("Clinton"). All of these missions were
linton, Bill. My Life. New York: Knopf, 2004
Speeches of contemporary politicians -- particularly presidents who must at least strive to please all of the American public, all of the time -- tend to be formulaic and laden with cliches. However, the medium of the retrospective (as opposed to election year) presidential memoir holds for the reader the tantalizing possibility that the unfolding narrative may reveal the secret details and private speculations of an otherwise public individual, who has been a witness to history. Bill linton was legendary for his charismatic relationship with the American public, as well as his verbosity. On sheer heft alone, his 957-page tome My Life promises that the former president can command a platform in print even more lengthy than his legendary 1988 Democratic Platform speech that was so long the only line that drew applause was "In onclusion." However, does linton's famous Rhode Scholar…
Clinton, Bill. My Life. New York: Knopf, 2004
Speeches of contemporary politicians -- particularly presidents who must at least strive to please all of the American public, all of the time -- tend to be formulaic and laden with cliches. However, the medium of the retrospective (as opposed to election year) presidential memoir holds for the reader the tantalizing possibility that the unfolding narrative may reveal the secret details and private speculations of an otherwise public individual, who has been a witness to history. Bill Clinton was legendary for his charismatic relationship with the American public, as well as his verbosity. On sheer heft alone, his 957-page tome My Life promises that the former president can command a platform in print even more lengthy than his legendary 1988 Democratic Platform speech that was so long the only line that drew applause was "In Conclusion." However, does Clinton's famous Rhode Scholar intellect play out equally well in prose as it often, but not always, did in person?
The answer is, surprisingly yes. For a lengthy presidential memoir, My Life is fairly short on self-praise and puffery, and unlike the aforementioned 1988 speech (treated with great humor by the author) the text moves surprisingly quickly, despite its long length. The most interesting sections of the book are perhaps the early chapters, which deal Clinton's inspiring struggles as a young man determined to succeed, despite the poverty of his circumstances and an abusive, alcoholic stepfather. They provide revealing insight into Clinton's policies, such as his popularity with African-Americans, as well as the difficulties of the administration, such as the Monica Lewinsky scandal. Clinton's anxiousness to please and to be self-critical did not always stand him in good stead while in office -- he admits his administration made many mistakes, such as his foreign policy waffling in Serbia and Rwanda -- but what made his administration less than perfect, such as the Clinton 'woman problem' and the 'waffling problem' only enhances this president's value as an entertaining and candid author and a perceptive and surprisingly objective analyst of his own life and politics.
President Bill Clinton-Monica Lewinsky Scandal
Bill Clinton was one of the most popular American presidents in modern times and the first democrat since Franklin Roosevelt to have been elected as the U.S. president for two terms. It is ironic, therefore, that despite his popularity and despite having presided over the longest period of economic prosperity in the history of the United States he is likely to be remembered in history as only the second U.S. President to have been impeached -- the result of his sexual affair with a hite House intern.
In this paper we shall take a brief look at the main characters in the Clinton-Lewinsky scandal and the roles they played in it; discuss the background of the scandal and how it developed. e shall also discuss how different people (including the public and the major parties) viewed the affair and the effect it had on the…
Bill Clinton. Key Player. Clinton Accused: Special Report. washingtonpost.com. Retrieved on April 2, 2003 at http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-srv/politics/special/clinton/players/clinton.htm
Chronology of Events." Investigating the President: the Trial. CNN.com / inside politics. 2003. Retrieved on April 2, 2003 at http://www.cnn.com/ALLPOLITICS/resources/1998/lewinsky/
Dumas, Ernest C. "Bill Clinton." Article in Encarta Encyclopedia, CD-ROM Version, 2003
Gibbs, Nancy. "Nightmare's end." Time Magazine. February 15, 1999. Retrieved on April 2, 2003 at http://www.cnn.com/ALLPOLITICS/time/1999/02/15/nightmare.end.html
Applying Negotiation Skills to Bill Clinton Approach to Freeing the Two Journalist for North Korea
For any solution to be reached, it is important that the two involved parties are ready to talk and come to a point of solution, which would be best for all concerned. It also means that a certain spirit of sacrifice and patience if required to better understand the point-of-view of the other party.
There seems to be a growing emphasis on the power of dialogue to resolve issues between various parties, so much so that today, dialoguing and negotiation is fast becoming an art form, which requires thorough research about the other party as well as a knowledge of every aspect that may play a part in securing the deal in the manner in which you want it to play out.
But things do tend to get a bit distorted when the political arena…
Associated Press. (2011, April 14). North Korea detains U.S. citizen. Retrieved September 15th, 2011, from The Guardian: http://www.guardian.co.uk /world/2011/apr/14/north-korea-detains-us-citizen
Collin, K. w. (2009). Clinton's Coup in Pyongyang: North Korean Denuclearisation Next? Singapore: S. Rajaratnam School of International Studies.
Foster-Carter, A. (2009). North Korea-South Korea Relations: On the Mend? Comparitive Connections .
Garcha, A. Diplomatic Culture or Cultural Diplomacy: The role for culture in International negotiation?
Bill Clinton's personality, his aura, his life and his extraordinary career have always been a great source of awe, inspiration and intrigue for millions of Americans. The man who was chosen President of the United States for two consecutive terms for described by many as a "Comeback Kid" for his remarkable resilience and his determination to survive amid scandals, impeachment threats and possible collapse of personal and professional life. Bill Clinton survived it all almost unscathed and with a reputation as one of the most effective presidents of the U.S. The persona extraordinaire of this man spurred a storm of biographies that promised to reveal the real Bill Clinton. The one such biography that many believe did manage to achieve this objective was Charles Allen's Ph.D. thesis "The Comeback Kid- Life and Career of Bill Clinton" co-written with Jonathan Portis.
Published in 1992, the book is an in-depth look…
1) The Comeback Kid, by Charles F. Allen and Jonathan Portis, New York: Birch Lane Press, 1992
The Oklahoma City bombing in 1995 at the Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building in which more than 150 people lost their lives served as the occasion for William Jefferson Clinton’s speech at the Oklahoma Bombing Memorial Prayer Service Address. Although it is a prayer service address, Clinton never once mentions the word prayer in his speech. Instead he attempts to cheaply inspire the audience by using the tragedy of the bombing as an occasion to talk about a community coming together, how great America is, and how important it is for the legacy of the lost to be lived out in the lives of the living. Full of platitudes by light on actual sentiment, the speech fails to rise above its mawkish pretensions and deliver a satisfying response to the tragedy that had occurred in Oklahoma City just four days prior.
The speech is organized poorly. It begins…
Clinton, William J. “Oklahoma Bombing Memorial Prayer Service Address.” AmericanRhetoric.com
Hood, Christopher. The art of the state: Culture, rhetoric, and public management. Oxford University Press, 2000.
Kennedy, John F. “Berlin Speech.” American History. http://www.let.rug.nl/usa/presidents/john-fitzgerald-kennedy/ich-bin-ein-berliner-speech-1963.php
McGee, Michael C. “In search of ‘the people’: A rhetorical alternative.” Quarterly Journal of Speech 61.3 (1975): 235-249.
Internet disagree. Then, a response
Bill Clinton, it was, who once said that he smoked marijuana, but he didn't inhale. This famous assertion was made during his presidency of the United States, and helps to marginalize the effect of certain recreational drugs. If a person can become president of a country as powerful as the U.S. And smoke a little marijuana, then it should be noted that all illegal drugs are not as bad as others. This distinction between illegal drugs is of particular importance in the debate to test welfare users for drugs in certain states, where the penalty can have significant impacts upon the user's family, including the cutting of state funds for up to three years. When one pauses to consider the damage done to a person's family by curtailing their state funding for three years, it becomes clear that there should not be drug testing for…
No author. (2011, August 12). EDITORIAL: Kick Junkies Off Welfare. The Washington Times. Retrieved from http://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2011/aug/12/kick-junkies-off-welfare/
Clinton's Lewinsky Speech
Presidential scandal speeches should be considered a unique form of discoursed that follow a common pattern and have similar elements. All of these may not be found in every single speech but most certainly will, including ichard Nixon's Second Watergate Speech (1973), onald eagan's Iran-Contra Speech (1987), and Bill Clinton's Monica Lewinsky Speech (1998). All the presidents used strong, direct and active voice when making these speeches, with Clinton seeming to be particularly prone to narcissism and use of the first-person singular. A standard feature of all such speeches is for the president to take responsibility for what went wrong, express regret, and then call on the country to move on so the government can return to dealing with the nation's 'real' business. Both Nixon and Clinton also had a strong tendency to blame their political enemies for their predicament, and with good reason, although in Nixon's…
Clinton, B. (1998). Monica Lewinsky Speech.
Nixon, R. (1973). Second Watergate Speech.
Oddly, as a number of more objective critics have pointed out, Clinton's bill was "a compromise between market-oriented and government-centered reform ideas," (Carter 116). Although Clinton was concerned with creating a national healthcare system, he was also concerned with eliminating the federal budget crisis that he had inherited. The result was that Clinton offered a stepwise approach towards a socialistic healthcare system with an initial period, at least, of allowing the market to share some of the burden of insuring so many Americans. Doubtlessly, this is not to say that Clinton's plan would necessarily have been successful; merely that the reasons for which it was attacked and subsequently defeated were largely unfounded.
Overall, the true threat that the Clinton healthcare plan posed was to the Republicans. If Clinton had been successful in passing his bill, the legitimacy of the Democratic Party would have been restored; they could once again have…
Carter, Dan. "Rightward Currents: Bill Clinton and the Politics of the 1990s." From the Clinton Riddle edited by Todd G. Shields. Fayetteville: University of Arkansas Press, 2004. Pages 111-134.
However, although Clinton was also criticized for humanitarian inaction, his stress upon multi-lateral engagement in a world of increasingly powerful regional actors such as the European Community and successful renegotiation of NAFTA, and his ability to bring China more fully into the world community have since been praised as economic success stories. Clinton's presidency oversaw the emergence of China and India as world powers, the end of the Soviet Empire, and the launch of the European Community. The fact that his foreign policy seems to lack a fitting sense of closure (even his Middle East negotiations, poised on the brink of success, passed into the hands of the subsequent administration) reflects the transitional nature of many of the events of the years from 1992-2001.
President Bill Clinton's Foreign Policy: A Critical Assessment."
Roundtable Discussion Co-Sponsored by the Center for the Advanced Study of Leadership & the Fulbright International…
President Bill Clinton's Foreign Policy: A Critical Assessment."
Roundtable Discussion Co-Sponsored by the Center for the Advanced Study of Leadership & the Fulbright International Center, University of Maryland, 7 May 1999. http://www.academy.umd.edu/publications/presidential_leadership/Clinton_Roundtable.htm
His early life played an important part in his political life, and this seems true of most political figures. Politics is partly about power, and partly about convictions, and this is a strong point that comes through in Clinton's book. In addition, when he was a child, he was greatly influenced by President Kennedy, and this carried through to his own administration, which he called "Camelot" for a while, after the name for the Kennedy White House.
It is also clear from this book that many historical events also inspired and influenced Clinton. He came of age at a time when the country was divided over Vietnam, and there were vast differences between young and old, epublican and Democrat. His life was influenced by these historic events, and he carried much of that influence and how it affected him with him into his political career. It is what made him…
Clinton, William Jefferson. My Life. New York: Borzoi Book, 2004.
Clinton Health eform
The success of the Obama health care reform has been studied extensively, but there remains one topic worth discussing further, which is why Obama succeeded when the Clinton health care reform plan failed. This paper will analyze this issue and come to some conclusions about this important question.
In 1993, President Clinton announced his health care security plan. A large health policy team had put the plan together, and it represented substantial compromise and hard work. At the time of the announcement it seemed a near certainty that this plan would be made into law, but this would not come to pass (Starr, 1995). The plan initially received a two-thirds positive rating in polling of the American public, but it still managed to fail.
The proposal centered around an individual mandate, which at the time had been supported broadly by many epublicans and almost every interest group…
Skocpol, T (1996). Boomerang: Health care reform and the turn against government. W.W. Norton.
Starr, P. (1995). What happened to health care reform? The American Prospect. Vo. 20 (1995) 20-31.
Maslow also argues that after a person meets their basic survival needs, they will begin to self-actualize (Maslow, 1999). This means that they will now become concerned with an increase of tension related to their own achievements, goals, and behavior. If Clinton had felt that his physical and psychological needs had not been met, then his main concern would have been tension reduction. Tension reduction would have likely resulted in a lack of sexual desire for other women that could result in tension in his marriage. But since Clinton's basic survival needs were satisfied, he was able to seek out relationships and behaviors that would implicitly likely create more tension, and serve to try and satisfy the need for achievement and self-actualization.
By definition, Maslow's need for self-actualization, sometimes referred to as growth-motivation, cannot be satisfied (Maslow, 1999). People try to enhance their lives instead of their survival, and often…
Maslow, Abraham H. (1998) Maslow on Management. New York: John Wiley and Sons.
Maslow, Abraham H. (1999) Toward a Psychology of Being, 3rd ed. New York: John Wiley and Sons.
"William J. Clinton." (2009) the Official White House Homepage. Retrieved: December 10, 2009, http://www.whitehouse.gov/about/presidents/williamjClinton .
President Clinton's And Obama's Health Care Policies
President Obama's Healthcare policies
The Affordable Care Act (ACA) has drawn some comparisons to elements of past efforts, including Mitt omney's health care plan in Massachusetts and the Clinton plan from the 1990s. This paper will mainly examine the context of the Clinton Plan vs. The ACA. After winning office, President Clinton followed up on a campaign promise to provide health care to the 37 million uninsured Americans. This plan had motivation citing a strong sense of social justice, especially in light of America's tremendous wealth. There was majority public approval for the plan at the time. However, a single payer plan idea faced opposition and Clinton needed to create an alternative (Pfiffner, 1994).
The Clinton government recognized that a major overhaul was not going to find favor, so he sought to implement a plan that would expand coverage rather than dramatically restructure…
Pfiffner, J. (1994). President Clinton's health care reform proposals of 1994. Executive-Legislative Relations. Retrieved April 30, 2013 from http://www.thepresidency.org/storage/documents/President_Clintons_Health_Care_Reform_Proposals.pdf
Mary, W. (2010). The Affordable Care Act. Journal of Vermont Nurse Connection, 13(4), 3.
Ha, J. (2012). "Health Care Reform" vs. "ObamaCare": Partisan Framing of FOX, MSNBC,
NYT, and WSJ. Journal of Communication, Culture & Technology (CCT), 8(1).
hen Cheney is seen, it is because he is usually attending a Republican fundraiser and attacking Democrats who criticize Bush's war in Iraq. Gore was seen as a very open vice president whose work achieved very high visibility; Cheney works behind the scenes, and is believed to be very influential in the Bush administration in matters of fighting terrorism and war strategy in Iraq.
Bush is very much aware of one of his main political constituencies, the conservative Christian movement; this movement is anti-abortion and very negative about gay people. In fact, Bush has supported a constitutional amendment (which makes his conservative Christian supporters happy) that would ban gay marriage. Clinton, meanwhile, reached out to the gay community and initiated the "Don't ask, don't tell" policy toward gays in the military. Many gays were being pushed out of the military based on old suspicions and values.
Clinton was involved in…
Miller Center University of Virginia. "Governing American in a Global Era: Presidential Oral
History / Bill Clinton." Retrieved April 10, 2007, at http://millercenter.virginia.edu.
Wikipedia. "George W. Bush." Retrieved April 10, 2007, at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/George_W_bush .
Therefore Clinton can be said to have generally followed a realist foreign policy program in Kosovo, yet due to changes in the international system which made it problematic to cut too many deals with dictators and war-criminals like Milosevich, a more conflictive approach to the issue was created. National interest, while predominant, was no longer the only consideration.
One of the problems with a constructivist understanding of the war though, is to what extent the international system allows for freedom of choice. If constructivism were true, then there were no "real" constraints on the actions of ill Clinton during the crisis. Yet sending ground troops in for example, would have been politically infeasible, not only due to American public opinion, but because Russia might have seen that as a threat to its interests in the region and moved to act in a provocative way. The point is then, that if…
Bacevich, a.J., and Eliot a. Cohen. 2001. War over Kosovo. Columbia University Press.
Morgenthau, Hans J. 1978. Politics Among Nations: The Struggle for Power and Peace. 5th ed. New York: Alfred a. Knopf.
Sell, Louis. 2003. Slobodan Milosevic and the destruction of Yugoslavia. Duke University Press, September 1.
Wendt, Alexander. 1992. Anarchy is what States Make of it: The Social Construction of Power Politics. International Organization 46, no. 2 (Spring): 391-425.
President Clinton's And Obama's Health Care Policies:
Since the 1960's, universal health care has continued to be a major aspect of social reform to an extent that the right to health care for all Americans has been a central issue in political debates. The debate regarding universal health care was particularly fueled by the enactment of the Social Security Act in 1965 that guaranteed care services for the poor and elderly through Medicare and Medicaid. Despite of these attempts to provide health care to the poor and elderly, universal health care has remained a lurking legislative fiasco for more than four decades. During the 1990's, the then presidential candidate, Bill Clinton, propelled this issue to the vanguard of his campaigns as the focus shifted to health care reform. However, his administration failed to enact a health care bill because of a stubborn Democratic Congress. Universal health care was also a…
Klein, J. (2012, December 17). Obamacare vs. Medicare. Time, 180(25).
Levin, Y. & Ponnuru, R. (2012, February 6). Romney vs. Obamacare: What the Presumptive
Nominee Should Say, National Review, 34-35.
Santana, A. (2012). Obama vs. Clinton on Health Care. Slope Media Group.
Settlement of Tobacco During Clinton's Presidency:
The first ever initiative by the United States to safeguard its children from tobacco and long-term addiction to nicotine occurred during the tenure of President Bill Clinton. This was through the announcement by the president regarding a comprehensive program that was geared towards accomplishing this purpose in August 23, 1996. The comprehensive program commenced with the publication of the final rule on tobacco by the Food and Drug Administration. The publication was followed by the administration's launch of a process that required tobacco firms to educate children and adolescents regarding the hazards of smokeless tobacco and cigarettes through a nationwide multi-media campaign.
According to the legislation, tobacco products were sold to people from 18 years and above with those under the age of 27 years required to produce photo IDs as from February 28, 1997 ("Clinton Administration Outlines," 1997). As part of his outline,…
"Clinton Administration Outlines Tobacco Settlement Review Process." (1997, June 27). Health
and Human Services Archive. Retrieved from U.S. Department of Health and Human Services website: http://archive.hhs.gov/news/press/1997pres/970627b.html
Reuters (1997, August 19). Clinton Seeks to Boost Tobacco Settlement. Retrieved March 3, 2012,
market -- and in the libraries -- detailing how to run a successful business, how to create a smart, efficient work culture, and certainly there are books on how extraordinary executive leaders have led dismal, sluggish companies into the bright shiny world of financial success. Meanwhile the book edited by Clinton O. Longenecker and Jack L. Simonetti -- Getting Results: Five Absolutes for High Performance -- has numerous practical, pragmatic and easy-to-follow guidelines on how to get the most from your workforce. This review critiques the book and relates some of the key components to management.
A Summary of the Key Concepts
The key concepts in this book pertain to strategies and tactics that managers should be using in building a successful work culture. Five absolutes (which are detailed in the next section) provide key ideas and concepts for any company of any size. The book also offers eight common…
Longenecker, Clinton O, and Simonetti, Jack L. Getting Results: Five Absolutes For High
Performance. New Delhi, India: Wiley India Pvt. Ltd. 2006.
Political Activity of Women
The impact of women on our society has been more and more strongly felt since the women's revolution in the 1960's in the United States. However, there are some women that history cannot pass by, that must be remembered for their intelligence and political or economic prowess. Such a woman is found in our current secretary of state: Hillary Clinton. Mrs. Clinton has been at the forefront of American politics for decades now, and this paper will discuss the beginnings of her career, as well as the hurdles and accomplishments of this remarkable woman, in the context of the political activity of women in the United States.
The history of women in American society is very complex, and this gender's history in the political arena is even more so. It is a widely known fact that for most of history, women have had fewer…
ut, even though we have the rady ill, homicides keep going up. Critics of the rady ill suggest that this means that the rady ill doesn't work and we ought to get rid of it. However, what it really means is that we need to do even more to strengthen gun control measures. For example, the rady ill ought to include sales by non-dealers as well as sales by licensed gun dealers and ought to incorporate mandatory sentences for attempted illegal purchases of guns. Organizations such as the NRA will no doubt attempt to frighten Americans into believing that they are losing their constitutional right to keep and bear arms. However, the wide-spread support of the rady ill indicates that Americans aren't that stupid. Americans want responsible sales of guns and are willing to tolerate some inconvenience to protect their safety. And, politicians have withstood the pressure of the NRA…
Anderson, J. (1996). Inside the NRA: Armed and dangerous: An expose. Beverly Hills, Calif.: Dove Books.
Brady Act background checks: The first seven months (2000, January 2). http://usgovinfo.about.com/library/weekly/aa010200a.htm
Brady Handgun Violence Protection Act. Wikipedia. http://www.answers.com/topic/brady-handgun-violence-prevention-act
Did Brady bill block handgun sales? (1998, June 22). Capital Hill Blue. http://www.guncite.com/bradybilljun22.html
Hillary odham Clinton: Senator, First Lady, & Secretary of State
"One thing we know for sure is that change is certain. Progress is not. Progress depends on the choices we make today for tomorrow and on whether we meet our challenges and protect our values."
~Hillary odham Clinton, from Living History
Hillary Diane odham Clinton is an international leader, a powerful fixture in American government, a significant figure in American history, and a mentor for people around the world, especially women. Before becoming Secretary of State, she campaigned for United States President. Hillary odham Clinton continues to lead an intriguing and inspiring life. She makes decisions that impact millions of people. She represents the American government, American foreign policy, and she represents hope for women in a patriarchal society. Hillary Clinton has withstood several political scandals with grace and perseverance. The paper will explore her life as an example…
Barlow, Tani. "International Feminism of the Future." Signs, Vol. 25, No. 4, 1099 -- 1105, 2000.
Burden, Barry C., & Mughan, Anthony. "Public Opinion and Hillary Rodham Clinton." The Public Opinion Quarterly, Vol. 63, No. 2, 237 -- 250, 1999.
Carlin, Diana B., & Winfrey, Kelly L. "Have You Come a Long Way, Baby? Hillary Clinton, Sarah Palin, and Sexism in 2008 Campaign Coverage." Communication Studies, Vol. 60, No. 4, 326 -- 343, 2009.
Clinton, Hillary Rodham. It Takes a Village and Other Lessons Children Teach Us. Simon & Schuster, New York, 1996.
ef: The Health Care bill signed by Andrew M. Cuomo -- Governor for Treatment of Autism Spectrum Disorder
I wish to state that the legislation must have come in earlier than this. Autism is a condition that requires medication and care for children and the legislation passed by the Governor Albany, NY on November 1, 2011 requires that the treatment of Autism Spectrum Disorder be brought under the health care coverage. This is a laudable step in New York and it will be a blessing to such families with autistic children to afford the expensive health care costs. The law now makes it mandatory for the health insurance companies to provide coverage for treatment of autism spectrum disorders, and the companies however may resort to 'deductibles, co-pays, and coinsurance consistent with those imposed on other benefits.' (Cuomo, 2011)
Discussing the law Governor Andrew M. Cuomo said that the…
Cuomo, Andrew M. (2011) "Governor Cuomo Signs Law to Expand Health Care
Coverage for Treatment of Autism Spectrum Disorder"
Retrieved 12 November 2011 from http://www.governor.ny.gov/press/1112011Spectrum%20Disorder
National Conference of State Legislatures. (2011) "Insurance coverage for Autism"
political contexts, both Presidents Bush and Clinton entered contentious budget negotiations with a Congress controlled by the opposition party in 1990 and 1995 respectively; however, each president experienced a different outcome. In Bush's case, he had to deal with both the Savings and Loan Crisis and a $2.8b debt -- the largest in the nation's history. Further, Bush entered negations hamstrung by a campaign pledge not to raise taxes on the American people. After a brief government shut-down, President Bush and Congress reached an agreement found in the Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1990, an act where not only government spending was cut, but also where Bush had to violate his campaign pledge and raise taxes. In President Clinton's case, he had to deal with the first full Republican Congress in forty years -- a congress which would demand a balanced budget where Clinton's budget projected a nearly $190b deficit…
Separation of Powers:
The United States Constitution protects the right to impeach public officials and provides the procedures and grounds for such measures. According to this constitution, civil servants in America shall be impeached for conviction of bribery, high crimes and misdemeanors, and treason. President Adam Johnson is one of the U.S. presidents who have been impeached while President ichard Nixon resigned before impeachment. President Bill Clinton faced impeachment during his tenure, which contributed to concerns that such an action could contribute to weakened presidency. The impeachment trials of these three presidents present some ethical dilemmas that were evident in the Senate's trial proceedings and political aspects. Moreover, these impeachment trials have certain similarities and differences that were fueled by the actions of the presidents in question.
Impeachment Trial of the Three Presidents:
President Adam Johnson was removed from office in May 1868 when the Senate voted unanimously to remove…
Brunner, B. (2007). A Short History of Impeachment. Retrieved September 10, 2013, from http://www.infoplease.com/spot/impeach.html
Linder, D.O. (n.d.). The Impeachment Trial of Andrew Johnson. Retrieved from University of Missouri-Kansas City -- UMKC School of Law website: http://law2.umkc.edu/faculty/projects/ftrials/impeach/imp_account2.html
"The Clinton Impeachment." (n.d.). Bill of Rights Institute. Retrieved September 10, 2013, from http://billofrightsinstitute.org/resources/educator-resources/lessons-plans/presidents/clinton-impeachment/
Whittington, K.E. (2000, March). Bill Clinton was No Andrew Johnson: Comparing Two
Clinton, Bush, and Obama administrations and their support from Congress. With Barack Obama the first Democratic president since Bill Clinton, there are bound to be comparisons between the two administrations. They have some commonalities, such as a desire for health care reform, that are difficult to ignore. What the Obama administration manages to accomplish remains to be seen, but comparisons to their first year in office can now be analyzed for similarities and differences.
The Clinton administration ran on a platform of being "outsiders" in Washington D.C., and they believed they could clean up Washington and give the government back to the people. Unfortunately, that did not happen. The Clinton administration was extremely controversial, especially because of the sex scandals and the Whitewater Scandal that turned up during the first year of Clinton's presidency. He may be most remembered for the Monica Lewinsky affair, but he did accomplish many things…
Carroll, C. (2009). Bush deficit vs. Obama deficit in pictures. Retrieved 1 Dec. 2009 from the Heritage Foundation Web site: http://blog.heritage.org/2009/03/24/bush-deficit-vs.-obama-deficit-in-pictures .
Dickinson, M.J. (1998). No place for amateurs: Some thoughts on the Clinton administration and the presidential staff. Presidential Studies Quarterly, 28(4), 768.
Editors. (2009). Bill Clinton's transformative change vs. Barack Obama's incremental change. Retrieved 1 Dec. 2009 from the Talk Left.com Web site: http://www.talkleft.com/story/2009/12/1/111950/911 .
Eksterowicz, A., & Hastedt, G. (1998). Modern presidential transitions: Problems, pitfalls, and lessons for success. Presidential Studies Quarterly, 28(2), 299+.
Meanwhile in the journal Du Bois Review (Parker, et al., 2009, p. 194) the authors point to racism and patriotism as key themes for the 2008 Democratic primary election. "Race was a consistent narrative" used by those opposed to Obama, Parker explains (p. 194). Both Clinton and the Republicans "used racial references" to attack Obama, including the attacks on Obama "for his perceived inability to connect to 'real working Americans'" (p. 194).
The Republican sideshow called "Joe the plumber" attacked Obama with the charge that Obama was "seeking to take money from hardworking 'real Americans' to give it to 'those people'" (p. 194). Clinton questioned Obama's patriotism suggesting that he was not a "real" American. Parker notes that when Governor Dukakis ran for president as a Democrat, he was attacked but no one questioned whether he was "a real American as they did with Obama" (p. 195).
The authors present…
Alter, Jonathan. "Leading Democrats to Bill Clinton: Pipe Down." Newsweek. (2008).
Retrieved March 17, 2010, from http://www.newsweek.com.
Balz, Dan, and Johnson, Hanes. The Battle for American 2008: The Story of an Extraordinary
Election. New York: Viking, 2009.
S. interests in that part of the world. Then, on January 17, 1991, the U.S. launched the first attack, with more than 4,000 bombing runs. After 100 hours, Bush called off the offensive, saying he wanted to minimize U.S. casualties.
Though Bush was criticized for this withdrawal being premature, the U.S. made a retreat from Kuwait after the successful offensive, and Bush's approval ratings reached new highs.
Bush announced in early 1992, that he would run again for President, and his reelection looked probable. However, higher taxes and uncontrolled economic problems brought his term to an end in 1992, and Bush lost to Bill Clinton. Bush was running as a conservative, but so were oss Perot and Pat Buchanan (who ran against him for the epublican nomination).
In order to defeat Pat Buchanan's bid for the epublican nomination, Bush declared even more conservative stances. Though he defeated Pat Buchanan, oss…
Farnsworth, S.J. And Lichter, S.R. (2004), New presidents and network news: covering the first year in office of Ronald Reagan, Bill Clinton, and George W. Bush, Presidential Studies Quarterly, Vol. 34:3, 29 Jul 2004, 674.
Frye, T. (1999). Changes in Post-Communist Presidential Power: Political Economy Explanation. A paper prepared for Ohio State University. Retrieved November 19, 2008 at http://kellogg.nd.edu/events/pdfs/Frye.pdf
Kelley, C.S., and Marshall, B.W. (2006). The Last Mover Advantage: Presidential Powers and the Role of Signing Statements, Chicago, IL. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association, Palmer House Hilton, Chicago, Illinois. Retrieved November 19, 2008 at http://www.allacademic.com/meta/p139737_index.html.
Mann, J. (2002). The ghost of the oval office, New York Times, October 4, 2002.
The Presidents accused of scandals in the history of American politics have been known to make memorable apology speeches. Even though, the speech that the Presidents made were done by different people and in different times, marked similarities and patterns have been noted. The Lewinsky scandal was basically a political sex scandal that occurred in 1999. This scandal came out because the President was accused of having a sexual relationship with an intern in the White House, Monica Lewinsky. The Watergate scandal occurred in 1970 because five men were caught at the Democratic National Committee and further investigations led to President Nixon being found guilty of committing fraud. Another fraud that highlighted a President as the causative agent was the Iran Arms and Contra Aid Controversy. This scandal occurred when President Reagan was in the administration and the officials in charge were accused of selling arms to Iran…
Kennedy recognizes the need to establish a bond with all the South American leaders, thereby isolating Chavez-Chavez politically as ineffective leader in South America. Kennedy perceived the Third orld in terms of the "national military establishment," and vulnerable to the manipulations of the Soviet Union (Schwab, Orrin, 1998, 1). Kennedy had already gone around with Cuba, and did not wish to repeat his mistakes in Venezuela, but he also had no intention of surrendering Venezuela to the Soviet Union in the way in which Cuba had been surrendered before him.
President Kennedy saw South American diplomacy as the route to turning Venezuela away from bonding with the Soviet Union. He recognized that he could not alienate the rest of South America from the United States, or that would drive them into the sphere of Venezuela's influence over them towards the Soviet Union.
Kennedy calls a meeting with Chavez-Chavez, in private,…
Brown, Seyom. Faces of Power. New York: Columbia University Press, 1994. http://www.questia.com /PM.qst?a=o&d=100986354' target='_blank' REL='NOFOLLOW'>
The selected candidate, Lyndon B. Johnson's ad can be found here: http://www.livingroomcandidate.org/commercials/1964. The ad chosen is the most famous of his ads, "Peace Little Girl (Daisy)."Although the ad is not informative in the traditional sense, the lack of explanatory words adds a powerful yet simple cinematic device that resonated with people making this ad value-laden. By using an innocent child juxtaposed with a bomb explosion, the fear generated by these images provided enough of a reaction that made the ad effective. It is because the overall message was fear, fear of what would happen should people not vote for Johnson. The male narrator at the end told the audience vote for Johnson and this direct action showed effectively that the audience really only has one choice in the campaign, to vote for Johnson.
There's no common link between this ad and the others below. However, the ad did influence me…
The Presidency of George alker Bush, 2001-present, has been marked primarily by his war on terrorism, however, he has proposed to make welfare more focused on the well-being of children and strengthen support of families, provide Affordable Health Care for Low-Income Families and Individuals, and has asked Congress to aid him in achieving significant immigration reform that includes matching a willing worker with a willing employer, protecting workers from abuse, and protecting the rights of legal immigrants while not unfairly rewarding those who came here unlawfully or hope to do so.
Dallek, Robert. 2001. Hail to the Chief: The Making and Unmaking of American
Presidents. Oxford University Press.
Dallek, Robert. 2003. John F. Kennedy's Civil Rights. Quandary. American History
Garland, Howard. 2001. Images in words: Presidential rhetoric, charisma, and greatness. Administrative Science Quarterly. September 01.
George . Bush. The hite House. http://www.whitehouse.gov/index.html. (Accessed June 17, 2005).…
Dallek, Robert. 2001. Hail to the Chief: The Making and Unmaking of American
Presidents. Oxford University Press.
Dallek, Robert. 2003. John F. Kennedy's Civil Rights. Quandary. American History
Gottlieb writes this book not just as a Clinton hater, though he is that, but as a conspiracy theorist who finds links to an unknown and unproven conspiracy virtually everywhere. Several members of the Maine Corps who had ridiculed Clinton die in a helicopter crash after three had flown with Clinton to the Roosevelt in the Potomac: "Definitely a far cry from conclusive evidence, but certainly a very intriguing coincidence" (117). That type of hint with no evidence is how conspiracy theorists build a vision of what they believe but cannot prove, and the fact that there is no proof becomes proof that someone is keeping anyone from finding the truth.
One of the other hot buttons for right-wing conspiracy theorists is the town of Mena, Arkansas, a town with an airport once used by the CIA to send material to the Contras and later used for smuggling cocaine into…
McGovern's failed candidacy reshaped the Democrats. His followers gave full convention voting expression to a gamut of groups who make up the "liberal coalition."
Despite the unpopularity of the Vietnam ar, President Richard Nixon won by an unprecedented landslide against his Democratic rival, Senator George McGovern. ("The Presidential Election of 1972," 2005) The incumbent Nixon received 61% of the popular vote and 520 votes in the Electoral College to McGovern's 17. The American electorate had apparently granted Nixon the popular mandate that he had always craved. After the debacle of the rioting that took place during the 1968 Democratic Convention, the Democratic Party had undergone internal reforms that had important repercussions in the 1972 campaign, resulting in the nomination of the liberal anti-war pacifist from South Dakota who had little popular appeal.
The traditional power brokers of the Democratic Party, such as big labor, lost representation in the 1972 convention,…
"Clinton: William Jefferson." Welcome to the American Presidency.2005. Retrieved 15 Nov 2005 at http://ap.grolier.com/article?assetid=0097755-00& templatename=/article/article.html
"John Ashbrook: 1972 Announcement Speech." (2005) 4 President Speeches. Retrieved 15 Nov 2005 at http://www.4president.org/speeches/johnashbrook1972announcement.htm
"Presidential Election of 1972." (2005) Elections. Retrieved 15 Nov 2005 at http://www.multied.com/elections/1972state.html
'The Twilight of Liberalism: The Nixon Years." 1999 Board of Regents of the University of Wisconsin System. Retrieved 15 Nov 2005 at http://us.history.wisc.edu/hist102/lectures/lecture29.html
strategy executed by the United States (U.S.) and the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) met the criterions for a just war as defined below. Both the U.S. And NATO did not fight this war in order to overthrow the Yugoslavian government nor to give the Kosovo Albanians a country of their own. ather, the war was fought to stop the needless ethnic violence against the Albanians living in Kosovo and allow the return of all refugees, and that is just what both the U.S. And NATO did during this military operation. The U.S. And NATO had no intention of any major military operation, they only wished to use the minium force required in order to achieve their stated goals. This paper examines the strategy formulation, coordination, and execution, that lead to NATO's war to save Kosovo. How the U.S. And NATO reached their goal could not be described as perfectly…
Yugoslavia: Travel Guide, n.d. [cited 12 December 2004] Available from World Wide Web: http://sg.travel.yahoo.com/guide/europe/yugoslavia / history.html
Elshtain J.B. "The third annual grotius lecture: Just war and humanitarian intervention." American Society of International Law: Proceedings of the Annual Meeting.( 2001) 1-12
Please replace this with the proper citationr, e.g. (W.U. 1987 4)
Need reference for W.U.
community (Times Square NY) and how it was addressed with community policing. How did police respond? Was it successful? Why?
Times Square has notoriety for serious crimes, shady and sleazy business establishments and hookers and many illegal activities, not only at present but from the time the Square came to be. In fact recently the former President Bill Clinton while remarking on the changes to a positive side in the area for the last twenty years did remark that in his teens somewhere in 1964 -- there were violent crimes and the President remarked -- "I saw a hooker approach a man in a gray flannel suit, pretty heavy stuff for a guy from Arkansas." (CNN, 2011)
Times Square was the centre point of crime and nefarious activities until recently. In 1990s the steps taken by the then City Mayor udy Giuliani was instrumental in bringing about the modernity by…
CNN. (2011) "Clinton remembers old Times Square: crime, hookers"
CNN Political Unit.
Center For Court Innovation. (2012) "Midtown Community Court Overview" Retrieved 12
August, 2012 from http://www.courtinnovation.org/project/midtown-community-court
Letter to a Congressional epresentative
Support for health care bill
I am writing to request for your support in the health insurance bill. As you know, a proper health is vital and that we cannot enjoy wealth and other luxuries if we are not healthy. However, diseases like Influenza cough and other serious illness are unavoidable in our daily life. In addition, lifestyle changes have caused many individuals to suffer from illnesses like cancer, stroke, and heart attack. For those reasons, I advocate that the government should give health insurance to its citizens. The health insurance will insure against the risk of incurring health expenses (Hitchcock, Schubert & Thomas, 2003). This happens by first estimating the risk of health care among individuals. An insurer can then develop a routine finance structure such as payroll tax or a monthly premium. I believe the implementation of a Health Insurance Bill…
Boychuk, G.W. (2008). National Health Insurance in the United States and Canada Race, Territory, and the Roots of Difference.. Washington: Georgetown University Press.
Chaikind, H.R. (2004). The Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA): overview and analyses. New York: Novinka Books.
Green, M.A., & Rowell, J.A. (2006). Understanding health insurance: a guide to billing and reimbursement (8th ed.). Clifton Park, NY: Thomson Delmar Learning.
Hitchcock, J.E., Schubert, P.E., & Thomas, S.A. (2003). Community health nursing: caring in action (2nd ed.). Clifton Park, NY: Thomson/Delmar Learning.
Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 "bans discrimination, including sex-based discrimination, by trade unions, schools, or employers that are involved in interstate commerce or that do business with the federal government" the Civil Rights Act of 1964 prohibits discrimination in a broad array of private conduct including public accommodations, governmental services and education. One section of the Act, referred to as Title VII, prohibits employment discrimination based on race, sex, color, religion and national origin. The Act prohibits discrimination against the aforementioned protected classes in the areas of recruitment, hiring, wages, assignment, promotions, benefits, discipline, discharge, layoffs and almost every aspect of employment (Loevy 1997).
However, Title VII provides than an employer must reasonably accommodate an employee's religious beliefs and practices unless doing so would cause undue hardship on the business. As an employee were are obligated to try to resolve any conflict if possible. We would…
Religious Accommodation in the Workplace. (2012). Anti-Defamation League -- Religious Freedom Resources. Retrieved from: http://www.adl.org/religious_freedom / resource_kit/religion_workplace.asp
Loevy, R., et.al. eds., (1997). The Civil Rights Act of 1964: The Passage of the Law That
Ended Racial Segregation. State University Press of New York.
She also clearly makes a stand against continuing to rely to any large degree on non-renewable resources and giving the scientific community more authority and right.
Clinton's platform is currently relying very heavily upon the idea of helping the middle class. Her campaign bus is currently touring Iowa with a slogan of "The Middle Class Express." She is actively seeking middle class support, and her platform is dominated by issues resolving to make those who currently feel invisible in the current administration. She is speaking to the idea that the rich are getting richer, the poor are getting poorer and the middle class is disappearing. The sentiment is a strongly held belief in middle America and the platform is strong, as it speaks to the current feeling of America.
If you place your mouse over the numbers next to Clinton's opening picture on her official website her position…
AP, "Democratic rivals target Hillary Clinton in debate" October 30, 2007, http://www.clarionledger.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=/20071030/NEWS/71030060
Clinton, Hillary, Official Website 2008 Candidacy Retrieved October 30, 2007 from www, hillaryclinton.com
Clinton, Hillary, Senator NY Overview Immigration Retrieved October 30, 2007 at http://clinton.senate.gov/issues/immigration
CNN Elections 2008 Info Retrieved October 30, 2007 at http://www.cnn.com/ELECTION/2008/issues/issues.socialsecurity.html
Much like the announced plans by President-elect Barack Obama to launch the most massive public works program since orld ar II by investing in the nation's highways and bridges, the same approach was used by the newly installed Israeli government to stimulate the economy. This approach, though, was considered a comprise approach since there were vastly differing views on what issues should be made priorities following the Oslo Peace Accords (Alterman 141). According to this author, "The shift of priorities was visible on the ground within a year or two: major highways and interchanges, long-neglected by the Likud governments, were upgraded. Environmental projects received public funds. Even the long-neglected rail system received a boost, which though modest was nevertheless its largest since pre-State British Mandate times" (Alterman 141). Despite this shift in priorities over the years, Israeli expansion and Palestinian statehood remain at the forefront of the ongoing and convoluted…
Alterman, Rachelle. Planning in the Face of Crisis: Land Use, Housing and Mass Immigration in Israel. London: Routledge, 2002.
Bird, Eugene. (1998, March). "With Oslo Accords in Shambles, a President Who Let it Happen Feels Shackled by Both Old and New Mistakes." Washington Report on Middle East Affairs, Special Report 15-16.
Details of the Oslo Peace Accords. (2008). Palestine Facts. [Online]. Available: http://Palestinefacts.org/pf_1991to_now_oslo_accords.php.
Dunsky, Marda. (2001). "Missing: The Bias Implicit in the Absent." Arab Studies Quarterly, 23(3), 1.
status of federalism within the U.S. It is the thesis of the paper that the President, the Courts and Congress have assumed influential and significant roles in the shaping of federalism in recent decades. Initially, a conceptualization of federalism will be offered as established by the founding fathers. Current literature will then be used to identify factors associated with and the role assumed by the presidency, the Courts and Congress in federalism as it exists today within the U.S.
Conceptual Framework unique federal system of government to replace the original Articles of Confederation was established b the U.S. Constitution. On the basis of federalism, the Framer's of the Constitution delineated that national concerns were to be handled by a national legislative branch and executive branch of government while concerns at the local and state level would be handled by state legislatures and governors. It was the intent of the Framer's…
Brock, P. (2001). Supreme Court Justice Thomas Smith speaks. Montpelier Magazine (Spring, 2001), Harrisonburg, VA: James Madison University, Montpelier.
Eastman, J.C. (2002). Re-entering the arena: Restoring a judicial role for enforcing limits on federal mandates. Harvard Journal of Law & Public Policy, 01934872, 25 (3), 931-952.
Greve, M. (2000). The supreme court's federalism. AEI Federalist Outlook, 2 (August 2000). Found at http://www.federalismproject.org/outlook/8-2000.html.
Jeffrey, K. (1995). Guide to regulatory reform: The federalism rule. Brief Analysis No. 151, National Center for Policy Analysis, Washington DC. Found at http://www.ncpa.org/ba/ba151.html
barrackobama.com) are the links to "Home," "Learn," "Issues," "Get Involved," "Blog," "Newsroom" and "Donate." Across the top of Clinton's eb site (www.hillaryclinton.com) she offers links to "Home," "Hillary," "Take Action," "Newsroom," "Blog," "Video" and "Contribute."
In terms of substance put forward on health care and other national issues, Obama wins hands down on his eb pages. In Obama's "Issues" pull-down, he offers 11 links to issues that he has taken a stand on. One of them is "Healthcare System That orks." In that link Obama addresses AIDS, "Medical Information Technology," hospital "report cards," "Genetic Medicine," and "Protecting Children from Lead Poisoning." There is nothing specific about universal health care in Obama's site, but again, there are several issues represented.
In Clinton's site, there is no specific place to go to see how the senator feels about specific issues; there are several press releases offered, including one that announces a "Better…
Center on Budget and Policy Priorities. "The Number of Uninsured Americans Continued to Rise in 2004." Retrieved 27 Feb. 2007 at http://www.cbpp.org/8-30-05health.htm .
Clinton, Hillary. "Hillary for President." Retrieved 27 Feb. 2007 at http://www.hillaryclinton.com .
Krugman, Paul. "Substance Over Image." The New York Times. 26 Feb. 2007 a.21.
Obama, Barrack. "Obama '08." Retrieved 27 Feb. 2007 at http://www.barrackobama.com .
Protective Function Privilege -- Definition / Description
A definition of "protective function privilege" is offered by Michael Kennedy, a Law Clerk for District Judge Shira A. Scheindlin (in the U.S. District court for the Southern District of New York). Published in the Northwestern University Law Review, Kennedy's scholarly piece explains that a deliberative process privilege is a "…shield with which the executive branch deflects public scrutiny into its internal processes" (Kennedy, 2005, 1769). Basically the protective function privilege (PFP) includes any "deliberative material" -- recommendations, advice, and opinions -- which can be kept out of public view in instances of litigation.
The PFP applies in the event a "Freedom of Information Act" request is made for certain information; and PFP is designed so it can rebuff Congressional requests for internal materials, when the release of certain sensitive materials would jeopardize legitimate government discussions or policies, according to the author. Kennedy…
Johnson, N.H. (1998). From U.S. District Judge's Holloway's Order.
Kennedy, M.N. (2005). Escaping the Fishbowl: A Proposal to Fortify the Deliberative Process
Privilege. Northwestern University Law Review, 99(4), 1769-1782.
Lane, C. (1998). Unprotected. The New Republic, page 6.
Value of Moral Ethics in the Life of Ex-President Clinton
In today's world, working in organizations means working in an environment with people from multicultural backgrounds. If one were asked what type of organization they would like to work in, the chances are the reply will be "ethical organizations." So what exactly is an ethical organization and how positively does the 'code of ethics' apply in a professional working environment? Are they really functioning to benefit the workplace such as the government, which was constantly plagued by lawsuits of sexual harassment, especially during the terms of the Clinton administration or are they just operational in the documents where they rest for the staff to read on new employment?
In today's political world, leaders are looked up to for creating a healthy social environment that is a pre-requisite for a healthy governing environment. More over, a growing population of the working…
Terry L. Cooper, The Responsible Administrator, 4th edition.
NANCY BENAC, Former intern's account gains credibility with Clinton's admission, The Associated Press, Tuesday 18 August, 1998, Website: http://www.slam.ca/CNEWSClinton/aug18_lewinsky.html
Linda K.Trevino, Katherine A.Nelson, Managing Business Ethics, 2nd edition, pp.12
Stuart Taylor Jr., The Case -- For and Against, The National Journal, January 31, 1998
On November 8, 2001, the U.S. Senate passed several new conditions before direct 'military-to-military relations can be restored with Indonesia including the punishment of the individuals who murdered three humanitarian aid workers in West Timor, establishing a civilian audit of armed forces expenditures, and granting humanitarian workers access to Aceh, West Timor, West Papua, and the Moluccas."
Following are two very recent bills and rulings by the U.S. Congress concerning the Indonesian presence, changes, and sanctions.
In the House resolution, number 666, urton (R-IN), Wexler (D-FL), and lumenauer (D-OR) congratulate the Indonesian people and government for a successful election process, supported Indonesia in political and economic transformations, expresses gratitude to Indonesian leadership for arresting 109 terrorists, supports the emerging legal framework, commends Indonesia for "discovering new ways of working with regional law enforcement and intelligence communities in a sincere effort to root out domestic radicalism, and urged Indonesia to conduct…
(2001). U.S. And Indonesia Pledge Cooperation, Joint Statement Between the United States of America and the Republic of Indonesia.
(2001, October 1). U.S. To Send Team to Indonesia To Discuss Combating Terrorism. Xinhua News Agency.
(2001, November 27). U.S. Admiral Urges Indonesian Military To Account for East Timor Mayhem. Agence France-Presse.
Baker, P. (1997, April 22). U.S. To Impose Sanctions on Burma for Repression. Washington Post.
The ultimate House vote was two hundred and twenty to two hundred and seven. The senate vote was fifty three to forty three. The republicans were collectively opposed in both chambers (3 June 2010, 3).
The Future of the Health Care ill
Subsequent to disagreements as political enemies for more than a year, the Obama administration and the health insurance industry realized that they require one another.
oth have huge stakes in the success of the new health care law (14 May 2010, 1)
The political destiny of President Obama and Congressional Democrats rely on their capability to interpret it's assurance into realism for voters. This can be attained by restraining health expenses and making insurance accessible to everybody at reasonable price. Similarly, the fiscal future, in fact the continued existence, of the health insurance industry relies on the government. That is on set of laws being written by federal…
1. "Critics Question Study Cited in Health Debate, " New York Times, 2 June 2010, sec. a, p. 1.
2. "Health Reforms," New York Times, 26 March 2010, sec. a, p. 1.
3. "Two Health Care Adversaries Find a Need to Collaborate, " New York Times, 3 June 2010, sec. B, p.3.
4. "Companies Try to Shape Rules, " New York Times, 15 May 2010, sec. a, p.22
Obama's health care reform will make health care more accessible and more affordable and make insurers more accountable, as well as expand health care coverage to every American and make the health care system sustainable by stabilizing family budgets, the economy and the Federal budget.
The cost of Obama's overall health care bill will cost approximately $940 billion over 10 years, according to the Congressional udget Office. The bill will include that by the year 2014 there will be significant health access reforms. Insurers will be prohibited from denying coverage to people with medical problems of charging them more money (CS 2010).
While these numbers do sound manageable, Congress has not responded kindly to Obama's health care reform ideas. When Obama has even mentioned the idea of health care for illegal immigrants, the president was rudely interrupted by a heckler yelling, "you lie" ( ). Under Obama's proposal of health…
CBS News. "What's in a health care bill? Take a dose." Retrieved on June 1, 2010, from the Web site:
CNN.com. (2010) "Obama calls for congress to face health care challenge." Retrieved on June 5, 2010, from the Web site:
Trump's Tax Plan
Donald Trump's stance on trade -- namely, that cutting corporate taxes will incentivize companies to stay in the U.S. (as will a tariff on the imported goods of offshoring companies) -- is one that is denounced by his opponent Hillary Clinton. Clinton argues that the tax break proposed by Trump will only benefit the 1% and that his plan to place a tariff on companies that export labor only to turn around and import their products would lead to massive job loss. Trump's rationale is that by cutting the corporate tax rate, which is among the highest in the world, it would allow companies to keep labor in the U.S. as they will not have to chase margins by employing cheaper labor in foreign countries. This would be the positive incentive. Adding the tax on U.S. companies that manufacture abroad and sell in the U.S. would serve…
Durden, Tyler. "Trump slams Yellen." Zerohedge, 2016. Web. 7 Oct 2016.
Hersh, Adam; Gurwitz, Ethan. "Offshoring work is taking a toll on the U.S. economy."
Center for American Progress, 2014. Web. 7 Oct 2016. https://www.americanprogress.org/issues/economy/news/2014/07/30/94864/offshoring-work-is-taking-a-toll-on-the-u-s-economy/
She is the daughter of Alice Walker, who wrote the Color Purple. She took her mother's maiden name at the age of 18. Rebecca graduated cum laude from Yale University in 1993, and moved on to co-found the Third Wave Foundation. She is considered to be one of the founding leaders of third-wave feminism. In addition to her contributing editorship for Ms. Magazine, Walker's work has also been published by Harper's, Essence, Glamour, Interview, Buddhadharma, Vibe, Child, and Mademoiselle magazines. Her relationship with her mother has been strained because of various public indictments the younger Walker made against her. Nevertheless, some believe that Rebecca might not have been as famous or powerful today without her ties to the illustrious Alice Walker.
Jennifer Baumgardner is a prominent voice for women and girls. She works as a writer, speaker and activist. During 1993-1997, she worked as the youngest editor at Ms. Magazine,…
A long passage is quoted here by way of showing what all these various writers are concerned about: (Kane, 2003)May 2002 brought the odd spectacle of ex-President Jimmy Carter standing shoulder to shoulder in Havana with one of the U.S. government's oldest enemies, Cuban president Fidel Castro. Carter, on a mission to convey a message of friendship to the Cuban people and to seek some common ground between Cuba and the United States, made a point of meeting and encouraging local democratic, religious, and human rights activists. In a televised address, he endorsed the rights of dissidents and urged democracy on the island nation (Sullivan 2002). He also advocated an end to the U.S. embargo on Cuba (a call immediately echoed at home by 20 Democratic and 20 epublican representatives in Congress).
President George W. Bush's administration responded angrily to Carter's latest adventure as international arbiter. A senior state department…
http://www.questia.com /PM.qst?a=o&d=5000729437' target='_blank' REL='NOFOLLOW'>
hen a progressive Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev came to power, the fall of the Soviet Union was immanent and inevitable.
After the fall of the Soviet Union under Reagan's watch, his Vice President Bush inherited the problem of dealing with a fragmented Eastern Europe and Eurasia. Bush Sr.'s foreign policy toward Moscow was largely passive, arguably much more passive than any of his predecessors were because the Cold ar was over and the threat of nuclear war temporarily set aside. Moreover, the dissolution of the Soviet Union was still taking place and Bush Sr. watched while new nation-states emerged out of the Soviet Bloc. However, Bush Sr. negotiated nuclear disarmament treaties with Gorbachev and his successor Boris Yeltsin and willingly recognized the independence of many formerly Soviet republics.
Relations with Russia again grew tense under President Clinton largely because of the conflicts that arose in the Balkans. The Soviet Union…
Bill Clinton's War in Yugoslavia." Retrieved Feb 27, 2008 at http://www.thirdworldtraveler.com/Yugoslavia/BillClintonsWar_Yugo.html
George Bush Sr. On Foreign Policy." On the Issues. Retrieved Feb 27, 2008 at http://www.ontheissues.org/Celeb/George_Bush_Sr__Foreign_Policy.htm
They were against NAFTA and free trade, since workers would lose jobs at home, but were heartened by ush's decisions to not extend war into aghdad and to remove Saddam Hussein from power.
ill Clinton was ush's successor and rode into power upon the back of his promises to balance the federal budget and reduce the deficit, which he accomplished through raising taxes and cutting the defense budget. He paid little attention to foreign policy and Colin Powell, his chairman of the Joint Chiefs, succeeded in undermining Clinton's validity, as did a few of the other foreign policy staff. Clinton proved poor in matters of foreign policy and paid little attention to the advice of his foreign policy team.
A go along with Warren Cohen's assessment of George Walker ush, who is the subject of his most stringent criticism. Called a Vulcan (the god of Fire), ush acted in ignorance…
Bill Clinton was Bush's successor and rode into power upon the back of his promises to balance the federal budget and reduce the deficit, which he accomplished through raising taxes and cutting the defense budget. He paid little attention to foreign policy and Colin Powell, his chairman of the Joint Chiefs, succeeded in undermining Clinton's validity, as did a few of the other foreign policy staff. Clinton proved poor in matters of foreign policy and paid little attention to the advice of his foreign policy team.
A go along with Warren Cohen's assessment of George Walker Bush, who is the subject of his most stringent criticism. Called a Vulcan (the god of Fire), Bush acted in ignorance of foreign affairs in general; yet he sought to inspire confidence by putting into place the best and the worst of his father's advisors. George W. Bush made it his goal to (1)ensure Russia and Communism will never again equal Democracy, (2) ensure no superpower can arise in Asia, such as China, Japan or North Korea (3) ensure that the oil source countries of the earth come under and remain under U.S. control. The resulting mix of ignorance and aggression has led the nation to the present crisis. The leaders of his father's team, "James Baker, Brent Scowcroft and Larry Eagle-burger" have consistently opposed the younger Bush's policies. He lost whatever had been gained in peace strategies between Israel and the Palestinians. He used 9-11 to turn what everyone expected to simply be a temporary invasion to overthrow a tyrant into an extended war. The 9-11 attack on the U.S. has had the result of revealing U.S. weaknesses, as well as fueling the fears of those who have resisted draw downs of defense, in effect encouraging the war-mongers. As a result of George W. Bush's extended and ill-advised response to 9-11, other nations now see the U.S. As a less wise, less admirable superpower, and in some instances as a power they want to see defeated.
Cohen, Warren I. America's Failing Empire. Malden, MA: Blackwell Publishing. 2005.
Peter Baker, "As Oil Slips Away, So Do Chances for Obama," New York Times, http://www.nytimes.com/2010/06/03/us/politics/03memo.html?scp=3&sq=obama health care plan&st=cse
Robert Pear, "Health Insurance Companies Try to Shape Rules," New York Times, http://www.nytimes.com/2010/05/16/health/policy/16health.html
Robert Pear, "Study Points to Health Law's Penalties," New York Times, http://www.nytimes.com/2010/05/24/health/policy/24health.html?scp=6&sq=congress%20health%20care%20may%202010&st=cse http://krugman.blogs.nytimes.com/2009/07/28/why-americans-hate-single-payer-insurance/?scp=7&sq=health%20care%20the%20single%20payer%20issue&st=cse
Peter Baker, "As Oil Slips Away, So Do Chances for Obama," New York Times, http://www.nytimes.com/2010/06/03/us/politics/03memo.html?scp=3&sq=obama health care plan&st=cse
Presidential power is thus a matter of persuasion of the public and the other branches and actors within the government. Today in particular, because of the ability of the President to invoke the information of the intelligence agencies, information which the President has special authority over, he can persuade members Congress that if they do not do his bidding, they are jeopardizing America. hen the presidential office was first created, the federal army and navy were far smaller than today -- and only Congress has the power to declare war. Yet many undeclared wars have been waged subsequently, and Congress has ceded some of its powers of controlling these institutions, from the Gulf of Tonkin resolution during Vietnam, to being persuaded by faulty intelligence it is assured it is true, as in Iraq. Presidents like Gerald Ford have limited the prosecutorial abilities of the nation by bestowing pardons, even changed…
Neustadt, Richard E. Presidential Power and the Modern President. New York: Free Press,
Their leadership role deals with service to their clients, hence, they are their leadership role are similar in a way. However, they differ in that; Florence has the attribute of being autocratic, whereas Clinton is persuasive. Florence showed aspects of commanding whereas Clinton worked by means of winning the trust of others to support his initiative. Secondly, it is notable that nightingale is a nurse while Clinton is a politician. Additionally, they lived in different times, hence the level of development explains their difference in the way they approached issues. They both are holistic; however, Clinton is more open-minded as compared to Nightingale.
Self-analysis of myself as a leader
As a leader, a person works with a group. Therefore, the leadership skills that a person exercises should focus on establishing effective working relations and the environment. A quality leader has multidimensional traits, making him or her appealing and effective in…
Parakala, K. (2012). Leadership - the Clinton style. Retrieved from http://www.itsmyascent.com/web/itsmyascent/career-advice/ -
Yoder-Wise, P. (2011). Leading and managing in nursing (5th ed.). St. Louis, MO:
Elsevier. ISBN: 978-0-323-06977-9.