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You're alert to the most important things, and your nervous system blocks out the information that isn't important to you. Companies need to have that same kind of nervous system -- the ability to run smoothly and efficiently, to respond quickly to emergencies and opportunities, to quickly get valuable information to the people in the company who need it, the ability to quickly make decisions and interact with customers." (Gates, Introduction, Business at the speed of Thought)
Gates thus has developed the Microsoft philosophy, not simply as a computer technology and software system, but under an entire corporate philosophy of growth, research, and development that spurns pretension, and grabs the capitalist bull by the horns, making an effort to control all in its grasp. One reason for the ire Gates draws as a figure at the corporate 'mast,' however, might be that he embraces both corporate as well as computer…
Biography." Microsoft Corporate Website. Last updated December 2004. 20 Dec 2004. http://www.microsoft.com /billgates/bio.asp
Gates, Bill. "Executive email -- Security." Microsoft Official Website. March 31, 2004. 20 Dec 2004.
If the user was a home user, most likely a suite like MS Office Home would have enough applications needed by someone who was only using the suite at home. On the other hand, MS Office for usiness would have included extra applications needed in the workplace. Integration and correlation between the different applications in the suite was an essential factor pushing forward the computer industry.
On the other hand, we wouldn't be through with describing ill Gates contribution to the development of the computer world if we didn't briefly refer to particular individual applications that changed the way things are perceived or presented. One of these was MS Powerpoint, usually part of the Microsoft Office suite. Up to that point, ideas in meetings could be presented without any background support or with the help of drawing boards. All these obviously needed more time than a simple creation of a…
1. TeamGates.com. Sept 29, 1996,
Bill's Life, http://www.teamgates.com/library/life.htm. At http://ei.cs.vt.edu/~history/Gates.Mirick.html .Last updated September 1996. Last retrieved on October 28, 2007
2. Gates, Bill. June 1999. Microprocessors Upgraded the way we live. On the Internet at http://www.microsoft.com /presspass/ofnote/06-22usatoday.mspx.Last retrieved on October 28, 2007
3. Robinson, Daniel. August 2006. The beige box that changed the world. It Week. On the Internet at http://www.itweek.co.uk/itweek/analysis/2161833/beige-box-changed-world.Last retrieved on October 28, 2007
Each of the core values of Bill Gates continue to make the attainment of this mission highly efficient. Being with optimism, Bill Gates creates a culture of goal attainment in his foundation, making the possible attainable through a combination of innovation, rigor of analytical insight and strong reliance on collaboration (Kenny, 2011). Bill Gates has learned how to orchestrate an optimistic mindset of goal attainment along with strong rigor of analysis around educational options for underprivileged regions of the world, along with a continual focus on collaboration to build a world-class foundation. Bill Gates also relies on a very strong set of transformational skills to ensure that the focus on social justice stays constantly at the center of all activity in the foundation (Stack, Ozawa, Bishai, et. al., 2011).
As Gates is very familiar with how rapidly tasks and projects can change in response to market conditions, he has also…
Kenny, C. (2011). The Foreign Policy Interview of Bill Gates. Foreign Policy, (190), 50-51.
Stack, M.L., Ozawa, S., Bishai, D.M., Mirelman, a., Tam, Y., Niessen, L., . . . Levine, O.S. (2011). Estimated economic benefits during the 'decade of vaccines' include treatment savings, gains in labor productivity. Health Affairs, 30(6), 1021-8.
Though it seems obvious that we are living in a world which has acquired immense technology and industrialization achieved never in he history of human civilization. It is also believed that today we have more resources, skills and power over nature like never before. Thus we are more powerful, more progressed and more civilized from all the previous civilization on the face of planet. And as Bill Gates says that "the world is progressing and resources are becoming abundant" we have at our disposal technologies and resources that has changed life on the planet earth. Our new progressive world is so attractive and it is filled with so many diverse things that Bill Gates says, "I'd rather be in a grocery store today than to a king's banquet a hundred years ago." This means not only that we have achieved immense technology but also that we have now…
Another broad theme used in this article is the fact that technology is complicated, and it is difficult to assess whether or not a person is a great thinker using technology. The person may, truly, be an original, or he or she may just know how to adapt others' findings to the modern world and customer desires. Finally, Celernter discusses Gates' personality in terms of his contribution to society. Celernter believes that those who label Gates in a negative way are mistaken, and Gates is actually a decent person who does not expect his views to be taken as fact just because he is wealthy. He contributes his wealth to charity and does not subject his family to the Hollywood limelight. Although he is vilified because he is wealthy, Gates does not engage in any false pretenses regarding how he obtained his success. Instead, he managed to run a successful…
He sets the vision and tone for many billionaires, and it is this vision and tone that helps Bill Gates to make a far greater contribution to the world than his corporate endeavors would ever allow.
Bill Gates has donated billions to charity, and in this he is showing ethical leadership. His approach to leadership emphasizes the ability of a fortunate few to deliver the greatest good for the greatest number. Gates has long been a proponent, for example, of using his wealth to help those less fortunate. More importantly, his approach has encouraged other leaders to rethink their own strategies with respect to charitable giving,
Guth, R. (2008) Bill Gates issues call for kinder capitalism. all Street Journal. Retrieved November 23, 2012 from http://online.wsj.com/article/SB120113473219511791.html
Driver, J. (2009) the history of utilitarianism. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Retrieved November 23, 2012 from http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/utilitarianism-history/
Collins, J. (2005) Level 5 leadership:…
Guth, R. (2008) Bill Gates issues call for kinder capitalism. Wall Street Journal. Retrieved November 23, 2012 from http://online.wsj.com/article/SB120113473219511791.html
Driver, J. (2009) the history of utilitarianism. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Retrieved November 23, 2012 from http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/utilitarianism-history/
Collins, J. (2005) Level 5 leadership: the triumph of humility and fierce resolve. Harvard Business Review. Retrieved November 23, 2012 from http://hbr.org/2005/07/level-5-leadership-the-triumph-of-humility-and-fierce-resolve/ar/1
Darling, J.R., Keeffe, M.J., & Ross, J.K. (2007). Entrepreneurial Leadership Strategies and Values: Keys to Operational Excellence. Journal of Small Business and Entrepreneurship, 20(1), 41-54.
Leadership and Organizations: Bill Gates and Steve Jobs
The theories of leadership date way back to when dynasties existed and people were led by kings. The leader took control and made decisions whenever disputes arose. The question of leadership qualities may not have been all that important then, but people still considered some to be better leaders than others. It would be prudent to begin by giving the fundamentals of the terms that are most crucial to this discussion; leadership and management. The two are commonly used synonymously, but they indeed are different. Although all leaders are managers, not all managers are leaders. The end of management marks the beginning of leadership, because whereas management is "concerned with stability and the best way to get the job done," leadership places more emphasis on change and innovation (Lussier and Achua, 2009, p.17). This text explores the theories and the differences and…
Jackson, J. And Bosse-Smith, L., 2011. Leveraging Your Leadership Style. Nashville, Tennessee: Abingdon Press.
Lussier, R.N. And Achua, C.F., 2009. Leadership: Theory, Application and Skill Development. 4th ed. Mason, OH: Cengage Learning.
Lussier, R.N., n.d. Leadership: Theory, Application and Skill Development. 5th ed. Mason, OH: Cengage Learning.
Lussier, R.N., 2011. Management Fundamentals: Concept, Application, Skill Development. 5th ed. Mason, OH: Cengage Learning.
It is clear that the authors have an axe to grind -- Edstrom is the daughter of a once-prominent Microsoft executive, Pen was booted from Microsoft after his work on a project proved unsuccessful. But perhaps the main reason the book seems like 'scorekeeping' is that the first and primary 'lesson' to be learned from the book, according to the authors is the seeming virtue of luck. Over and over, it is stressed that Gates was not necessarily the only person to come up with the ideas behind modern personal computing, even while they grant he was often technologically insightful. Market circumstances more than managing genius favored his company. Microsoft triumphed, but this was not necessarily by design. Microsoft is an intensely factional company, and often only after certain key power-players within the firm were able to advocate for the importance of the Internet was Microsoft able to gain a…
Proposing a New Inductee to the Hall of Fame for Great Americans: William “Bill” Henry Gates III
The purpose of this paper is to develop a relevant definition of what it means to be a “great American” today, and to demonstrate what it takes to satisfy these definitional criteria. In the information technology field, one name stands above the rest in personifying the types of enduring contributions to the nation that make an individual a “great American.” Indeed, William “Bill” Henry Gates III is an exemplary model of a highly successful modern business leader, entrepreneur and philanthropist. In support of this nomination, an informative summary of Gates’ life and description of his contributions to the nation are followed by a summary of the biographical research and important findings concerning nominating Gates for the Hall of Fame for Great Americans in the conclusion.
Review and Discussion
Established in 1900 to honor…
“About the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation.” Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, 2018. https://www.gatesfoundation.org/.
“Bill Gates biography.” Biography.com, A&E Networks Television, 15 Mar. 2018, www.biography.com/people/bill-gates-9307520.
“Bill Gates Biography: Success Story of Microsoft Co-Founder.” Astrum People, 2018, astrumpeople.com/bill-gates-biography/.
Cumberland, Sarah. “Awareness to Action: Regina Rabinovich Manages a Portfolio of More Than US$ 1 Billion of Grants in Infectious Disease Work at the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation. She Talks with Sarah Cumberland about the Challenges and Successes of Working in Global Health.” Bulletin of the World Health Organization, vol. 89, no. 6 (June 2011), pp. 400-403.
Dolnick, Sam. “A Hall of Fame, Forgotten and Forlorn.” The New York Times, 2009, https://www.nytimes.com/2009/12/05/nyregion/05metjournal.html
Wendell, Bryan. (2018) “What percentage of Boy Scouts become Eagle Scouts?” Bryan on Scouting. https://blog.scoutingmagazine.org/2015/03/30/what-percentage-of-boy-scouts-become-eagle-scouts/.
Leader in the Business World
Bill Gates' leadership style is purely autocratic or sometimes called authoritarian (Thielen, 2000). This kind of a leader makes most or all of the organizational decisions without the input or involvement of the employees. As an autocratic leader, control is the cornerstone of Gates' nature and his management practice. He is obsessed with detail, and this is illustrated in how he used to sign expenses for his personal assistant, Steve Ballmer. Following his leadership approach, Gates has tried to monopolize the global software industry, which eventually landed him into a legal web with the Justice Department. Bill Gates restricted the ability of his internal partners to deal with competitors. This is because he dislikes complaints. He has a tendency of informing his subordinates what they must do, how they should do it and when they must complete. He naturally ignored suggestions and opinions…
Fridson, M. S. (2000). How To Be A Billionaire: Proven Strategies from the Titans Of Wealth. New York: Wiley.
Koontz, H., & Weihrich, H. (2010). Essentials of Management. New Delhi [U.A.: McGraw-Hill.
Thielen, D. (2000). The 12 Simple Secrets of Microsoft Management: How To Think and Act Like A Microsoft Manager And Take Your Company to the Top. New York: McGraw-Hill.
Azim Hasham Premji was born in July, 1945, in Karachi, India.
In 1966, as he was a 21-year-old engineering student at Stanford University in California, when he learned that his father had passed away in India; he went back to India to attend his father's funeral (his father died at the age of 51) and discovered that his father had picked him to run the company (Ivaravl, 2010).
Some biographies say he abandoned his Stanford education to jump start his father's company, others say he graduated; for example, Gale Biography in Context (2012) claims he got a "bachelor's degree in arts and science"; The Gale Biography in Context (2003) reports that he interrupted his engineering studies "midway through his degree at Stanford" when his father died. Michigan State University (which invited him to speak to the graduating class in 2014), claims he is "a graduate in electrical engineering"…
Gale Biography in Context (2003). Azim Hasham Premji. Retrieved July 24, 2014, from Detroit: Gale, 2003.
Gale Biography in Context. (2012). Azim Premji. Retrieved July 24, 2014. Detroit: Gale,
Gee, Marcus (2008). Leave it to Premji. Globe & Mail. Biography in Context.
Bill Gates: An Ethical leader
Ranking among the richest men in the world, Bill Gates has unsurprisingly been a widely debated-upon personality. His business and leadership practices have been considered as innovative but ruthless. The term ‘innovative’ is used to define a person who introduces novel, creative and original ideas, whereas a ‘ruthless’ person is one without empathy or pity for other people (Merriam-Webster, 2018).
Bill Gates is regarded as one among the most highly influential twentieth-century computer magnates, founding Microsoft which created the most widely-utilized PC OS (operating system) besides a broad range of popular organizational software. At present, he heads the largest charitable organization across the globe – the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation (Americans That Matter, n.d). Thirty years as the leader of Microsoft gave Gates the reputation of one among the globe’s most ruthless capitalist leaders. However, ever since his focus shifted to charitable works,…
Leadership style sued by Bill Gates
Having left his classroom studies at high school level, Bill Gates went on to form and lead one of the most successful computer manufacturing business of all times at the global level, the Microsoft. This would not be possible without vision, focus, passion and above all good leadership style that Gates exhibits among his employees. Bill gates has been known to display a mix of three major leadership styles, the autocratic style of leadership, participatory leadership and laissez faire leadership style.
Bill gates is known to be a leader who makes decisions on critical matters with little consultation or with very little consultation among the top leadership, the autocratic leadership style. This has been leadership style that comes out due to his character traits of being intelligent, skillful, determined and a person of high integrity. He known to be less social especially at the…
India is a developing country. However, given its large population, there has been increasing risk of HIV epidemic in the country. Although the size of adult population affected through HIV is relatively low, but the rate of the infection is spreading rapidly across the country. Despite the increasing economic level of the common people, a large part of the country in the remote areas still lacks access to the HIV prevention information and related preventive measures. The biggest challenge that India is facing is that its most of the high-risk population is often dispersed in several local areas and majority of these people are mobile, i.e., truck-drivers. The final problem is that in India, HIV is considered as a stigma. Therefore, instead of making HIV information openly discussed, the patients often keep it hidden, allowing its spread unchecked.
eeing the large population of India, the total annual fund…
Seeing the large population of India, the total annual fund to fight HIV / AIDS is only $146 million, while a fully funded prevention and care program requires about $1 billion a year.
The Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation has made a contribution in this regard by committing $200 million to prevent the spread of HIV in India, through Avahan. The main aim of Avahan's prevention programs is to educate those, who are most at risk of contracting and spreading HIV. Avahan is expanding access to proven HIV prevention programs by educating people on the behavior change and condom promotion programs to reduce HIV transmission among high-risk behavior groups, such as sex workers, truckers and injection drug users. Second, Avahan is empowering these high-risk groups to participate in and lead HIV prevention efforts, and finally Avahan is making efforts in treatment of sexually transmitted infections, which are likley to increase the risk of HIV transmission. In addition the program is also making efforts for information access, research collaboration, and impact measurement of the treatment efforts.
Taken from: http://www.gatesfoundation.org/GlobalHealth/HIVAIDSTB/HIVAIDS/IndiaAIDSInitiative/default.htm
JOB: Case analysis
Malaria is a killer in many parts of the world and it specifically affects a large population of young children around the globe. I need to write a report that would inform the public about the threat that malaria poses to lives and health of millions of people who due to lack of better health facilities and treatment are dying unnecessarily. These lives could have been protected had better services been available to these people. Bill Gates foundation has undertaken the task of reaching out to this underprivileged population globally. I need to write a report which can be downloaded from the website but before they do so, I need them to know about the significance of the report so the people wouldn't download it without knowing what it contains.
Since people from various walks of life visit the Bill Gates foundation website, I am…
Bill Gates: One of the Most Fortunate Man in the World
With all the riches that Bill Gates has been harvesting from his Microsoft Company since some decades ago, it is no question that Bill Gates is among the most fortunate men in the world. Forbes Magazine indicates that he is the richest man in the world for the past ten years (CNN.Com, 2004). In the continuous advancements of technology, it is definite that Microsoft will play an important role in every technological development. This is because technically computers are the major elements that make technology possible, and, among the similarly major elements that make the operation of computers possible is the Microsoft. Thus, it can be concluded that as the world strives for better technology, Bill Gates will continuously harvest the fortune from his Microsoft Company.
Bill Gates's fortune in Microsoft is not the only thing why he can…
Gates Thinks Big, Gives Big.
Bill Gates Founder of Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation; philanthropy
Did his upbringing seem to influence desire to be philanthropic? If so, how?
But his parents planted the seed of entering into philanthropy. Mrs. Gates always stressed on Bill why he needed to begin philanthropy. Someone who was at Bill's father's law office one night recalls that he had quarreled with his parents stating that he was just trying to run his company. Bill Gates notes that he wasn't against philanthropy at the time but wanted to give Microsoft all his energy and attention. Eventually, Mrs. Gates got Bill to donate money for United Way and establish a program at his company to do that. With the growth of his wealth, more requests for donations started streaming in. Bill Gates says that his desire was focusing on philanthropy after retiring from Microsoft or at least later on when he was…
Anderson, I. (2011). The Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation: business vs. bureaucracy in international development, Development Policy Centre Discussion Paper #3, Crawford School of Public Policy, The Australian National University, Canberra.
Bort J. (2015 Jan. 21). Bill Gates Talks About The Heartbreaking Moment That Turned Him To Philanthropy. Business Insider. Retrieved from on March 11, 2015
Clemens, M & Demombynes, G 2010, 'When does rigorous impact evaluation make a difference? The case of the millennium villages', Centre for Global Development, Working Paper 225
Encyclopedia Britannica (updated 2014, July 14). Bill Gates. Retrieved from on March 11, 2015
By channeling his energy in another direction, Gates shows that he is not a one-dimensional leader only involved in promoting his company, but a three-dimensional leaders interested in helping the world be a better place. Just one of the programs that has gained media attention is the eradication of malaria, a disease almost non-existent in America but still prevalent in many other parts of the world. Another writers notes, "Malaria strikes 300m people every year, mainly in the farming parts of Africa where mosquito eradication programmes are nonexistent. Of those infected, 1.1m die, most of them children below the age of ten" (Vesely, 2003). The Gates Foundation, along with pharmaceutical companies, are committed to eradicating this, and other diseases such as smallpox, that have been out of control in many other parts of the world, largely due to a lack of funding and support.
Ultimately, Bill Gates leadership style is…
Editors. (2007). Biography: Bill Gates. Retrieved 12 March 2008 from the Microsoft.com Web site: http://www.microsoft.com /presspass/exec/billg/bio.mspx.
Gates, B. (2006). How I work. Retrieved 12 March 2008 from the CNN.com Web site: http://money.cnn.com/2006/03/30/news/newsmakers/gates_howiwork_fortune/ .
Hanlon, M. What a Microsofty; Bill Gates created the modern computer and, with ruthless business brutality made himself the richest man in the world. (2006, June 17). The Daily Mail (London, England), p. 46.
Heller, R. (2006). Management styles & leadership styles of Warren Buffet & Bill Gates. Retrieved 12 March 2008 from the ThinkingManagers.com Web site: http://www.thinkingmanagers.com/management/management-styles.php .
thinkers' contributions society • Each thinkers' personal / social / political environments factors contributed creativity • The problems issues ideas sought solve • A description solutions, ideas implemented • The creative process thinker a comparison creative processes • A critique ideas differently Include references.
hile most people would fail to identify links between Bill Gates and Martin Luther King, it is actually intriguing to compare these two individuals and their accomplishments from the perspective of someone interested in social progress. Both of these individuals were visionaries and both of them focused on having the social order acknowledge that it is essential for it to get actively involved in improving conditions in the world. Even with the fact that one is a businessman while the other was a Civil Rights advocate, these two individuals have had a strong influence on the lives of individuals today and can be considered largely responsible…
Anderson, Cristopher J. "International Journal of Religion and Sport 2009 ," (Mercer University Press, 2009 )
"DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR.," retrieved July 23, 2012, from the World Changers Website: http://www.wc.pdx.edu/martinlutherkingjr/mlk.html
"Bill Gates," retrieved July 23, 2012, from the World Changers Website: http://www.wc.pdx.edu/billgates/billy.html
"Powerful Attitudes," (Lulu.com)
To protect themselves, many Americans chose to avoid working with or becoming friends with those who immigrated. A lack of trust permeated everything that the Americans did in regards to the immigrants, at least with the men. This was not always true of the women, as they often got along together and shared the trials and difficulties of raising families. However, many men who owned shops and stores would not hire an immigrant laborer (Glazer, 1998).
They believed that immigrants took jobs away from people in the U.S., and they did not want to catch any diseases that these immigrants might have brought with them. The general attitude during this time period was that immigrants were so different from Americans that they could never mesh into one society, but that attitude has obviously changed, as today America is a mix of all kinds of people (Glazer, 1998; Sowell, 1997).
13 MEXUS 45, P52
21 BYE J. Pub. L. 153 P. 157
U.S.C. Section 1101(a)(15)(F)(i) (2006
U.S.C. Section 1184(g)(1)(a)(i) (2000
In recent years the debate over immigration has taken center stage. In particular, the federal government's H1 visa program has become a particularly contentious issue.
Those who oppose the program or the size of the program believe that it takes jobs away from American citizens in fields that have traditionally high pay such as technology. Those who are proponents of the program believe that it is beneficial because it provides diversity in the workplace, and it assist people who may not be able to make as much money in their home countries. The purpose of this discussion is to analyze the policy implications in the legal field of the H-1 visa problem and solutions, paying close attention to ill Gates proposal for how to remedy the H-1 shortage
The H-1 visa is a component of the Immigration and Nationality Act (INA) and was originally created by…
Employment Law Guide Chapter: Workers in Professional and Specialty Occupations (H-1B and H-1B1Visas). http://www.dol.gov/compliance/guide/h1b.htm
Gates, William. March 12, 2008.Written Testimony of William H. Gates Chairman, Microsoft Corporation And Co-Chair, Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation Before the Committee on Science and Technology United States House of Representatives. http://democrats.science.house.gov/Media/File/Commdocs/hearings/2008/Full/12mar/gates_testimony_12mar08.pdf
H-1B VISA PROGRAM Labor Could Improve Its Oversight and Increase Information Sharing with Homeland Security." 2006 United States Government Accountability Office (GOA). http://migration.ucdavis.edu/wcpsew/files/GAO06-720.pdf
Herbst, Moira, October 27,2008. How Companies Abuse Work Visas. Business Week, 00077135, Issue 4105 (Sherk, James. May 6, 2008) H-1B Workers: Highly Skilled, Highly Needed. The Heritage Foundation. http://www.heritage.org/Research/Labor/upload/wm_1916.pdf
Leaders come in many different types and flavors with the visionary leaders being the most prominent and cited much of the time. Names that come to mind are Oprah Winfrey, Steve Jobs and Warren Buffett. This report will cover the topic of visionary leadership in general as well as a focus on one leader in particular, that being Bill Gates of Microsoft fame, and how he himself signified and exemplified visionary leadership (USA Today, 2013). The author of this report is asked to what makes Bill Gates a visionary with some specific examples. The author is also asked to clarify and explain what a visionary leader brings to the workplace they operate in. The author is asked whether a visionary leader is needed in every workplace with a clarification of why or why not. Finally, the business conditions that call for visionary leadership are also asked for.
Macke, J. (2013, February 14). Best Buy Is Losing Its Best Chance of Survival: Jeff Macke | Daily Ticker - Yahoo! Finance. Yahoo! Finance - Business Finance, Stock Market, Quotes, News. Retrieved May 31, 2013, from http://finance.yahoo.com/blogs/daily-ticker/best-buy-losing-best-chance-survival-jeff-macke-181740101.html
Microsoft. (2013, May 31). Microsoft Corporation. Microsoft Corporation. Retrieved May 31, 2013, from http://www.microsoft.com
USAToday. (2007, September 3). Most influential people - USATODAY.com. USA TODAY: Latest World and U.S. News - USATODAY.com. Retrieved May 31, 2013, from http://www.usatoday.com/news/top25-influential.htm
Furthermore, there are a number of similarities and overlaps between such leadership theories that do not prevent their being characterized as transformational in nature. For example, "Most leaders behave in both transactional and transformational ways in different intensities and amounts; this is not an entirely either-or differentiation" (Miner, 2002 p. 743).
One of the more interesting issues to emerge from the research is the need for transformational leaders to teach what they know to others. Certainly, it would be reasonable to assume that most leaders got where they are by virtue of some innate skill or ability within an organization, and while it would likely be easier - and faster -- for them to simply do some things themselves, teaching others how to become effective leaders in their own right is a fundamental responsibility and effective leaders and serves to differentiate a truly transformational leader from others leadership styles: "True…
Apple. (2007). Yahoo! Business. [Online]. Available: http://finance.yahoo.com/q/pr?s=AAPL
Avolio, B.J., & Bass, B.M. (2002). Developing potential across a full range of leadership: Cases on transactional and transformational leadership. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
Bass, B.M. (1985). Leadership and performance beyond expectations. New York: Free Press.
Transformational leadership: Industrial, military, and educational impact. (1998). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
Charitable Contributions and Tax Benefits
Unfortunately, much of the elite of the upper class are afforded leeway and loopholes on tax obligations that allow them to pay much less percentage wise than other taxpayers in different income brackets. Much of this is due to the ability to use tax deductions, like charitable contributions in large amounts, to lower their annual personal incomes before taxes. However, many of the top contributors to charity donate above the maximum allowances for charitable deductions, showing a clear resolution to give based on ethics, rather than for the sole purpose of tax deductions alone,
Bill Gates is currently one of the top money makers in the world, yet he is also one of the largest contributors to charitable institutions as well. The amounts of donations Bill Gates contributes to various charities, including his own charitable foundation, is well over the top end limit of what…
Kim, Susana. (2011). Warren Buffett reveals 'billionaire friendly' tax return. ABC News. Web. http://abcnews.go.com/blogs/business/2011/10/warren-buffett-reveals-billionaire-friendly-tax-return/
Jacob, Deborah. (2011). Charitable giving by Steve Jobs may forever remain a mystery. Forbes. Web. http://www.forbes.com/sites/deborahljacobs/2011/10/06/charitable-giving-by-steve-jobs-may-forever-remain-a-mystery/
Mail Foreign Service. (2010). Bill Gates makes the world's biggest ever single charitable donation worth 6.2 billion pounds for vaccines for children. Mail Online. Web. http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-1247067/Bill-Gates-makes-worlds-largest-charitable-6bn-vaccines-poor-children.html
Squatriglia Chuck & Espinosa-Solis, Suzanne. (2000). Intel co-founder sets up $5 billion foundation: Gordon Moore Foundation. San Francisco Chronicle. Web. http://www.mindfully.org/Reform/Intel-Gordon-Moore-Foundation.htm
He might have become an industry leader in a specific business sector and he might have become wealthy, but he would not have been able to accumulate the highest wealth of any men alive. And this is due to the nature of the U.S. market place, which does not condone the actions of Slim. The market is opened and the entry barriers are decreased; the market is liberated and ruled by economic principles and competition is stimulated.
Part 3: Social responsibility
A final aspect to be addressed relative to Bill Gates and Carlos Slim is represented by the social responsibility revealed by each of the two businessmen. At an initial level, both of them create jobs and employ thousands of individuals. In the case of Bill Gates however, he mostly employs knowledge workers, paid with high salaries; the average developer at Microsoft earns an estimated $106,000 salary per annum (CNN…
Stevenson, M. (2010). Carlos Slim, "World's richest" person, has more money than Bill Gates according to Forbes. The Huffington Post. http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2010/03/10/carlos-slim-worlds-riches_n_494325.html accessed on October 26, 2012
(2012). The world factbook -- Mexico. Central Intelligence Agency. https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/mx.html accessed on October 26, 2012
(2012). 100 best companies to work for. CNN Money. http://money.cnn.com/magazines/fortune/bestcompanies/2010/snapshots/51.html accessed on October 26, 2012
He also is the richest man in the world, and came from a high-achieving family. (His mother was a college regent and the head of United Way.)
Gates was known for years as an autonomous loner. He did not marry until he was nearly 40, and he keeps a very low public profile, unlike the more charismatic and outgoing Branson.
Gates is legendary for his need for dominance. Neither he nor Branson "need" to work anymore, they could live comfortably off their income for the rest of their lives. However, Gates continues to run Microsoft, and be involved in all the decision making. He is "transitioning" out of the leadership role to lead his charitable foundation, but it will take two years and he will still be involved in high-level decisions. It seems it is very difficult for him to give up the reins and he must dominate the company…
S. To specialized individuals who would only benefit the country within a very competitive modern global perspective. Letting immigration caps based on our own selfish xenophobia debilitate the American people and industry makes no sense in such a globalized modern context. Reforms must take place, either to completely rid the cap limitations, or heavily increase the number of specialized workers allowed entrance into the United States annually. To succeed in the modern world means to constantly be on the forefront of new technologies and ideas. Borrowing innovation from other areas of the globe will help ensure America's persistent success in both business and scholarly endeavors.
H1 Base. "H1B Visa Program Overview." H1Base.com. 2008. Retrieved 22 Feb 2009 at http://www.h1base.com/visa/work/H1B%20Visa%20Overview/ref/1164/
Herbst, Moria. "Guess ho's Getting the Most ork Visas." Business eek. 2008. Retrieved 23 Feb 2009 at http://www.businessweek.com/magazine/content/08_11/b4075062465238.htm.
Kennedy, Joyce Lain. "Tech Firms ant More for Less." The Dallas…
H1 Base. "H1B Visa Program Overview." H1Base.com. 2008. Retrieved 22 Feb 2009 at http://www.h1base.com/visa/work/H1B%20Visa%20Overview/ref/1164/
Herbst, Moria. "Guess Who's Getting the Most Work Visas." Business Week. 2008. Retrieved 23 Feb 2009 at http://www.businessweek.com/magazine/content/08_11/b4075062465238.htm .
Kennedy, Joyce Lain. "Tech Firms Want More for Less." The Dallas Morning News.
2002. Retrieved 21 Feb 2009 at http://classifieds.dallasnews.com/employment/job_tips/careers_29emp.ART.844a8.html .
Outliers: The Story of Success" is a non-fiction literary work written by Malcolm Gladwell in 2008. In this book, Gladwell has explained the underlying reasons for the success of certain very famous individuals. He has called such people "outliers," which by definition is any value that lies far away from, or at the extreme ends of, a set of data. Similarly, Gladwell has explained such individuals to be very different from the rest of us, exceptional, far removed in their immense success.
In the book Gladwell has explained certain factors he believes are the reason for the success of, say, Bill Gates and the Beatles. These include the "Matthew Effect," which Gladwell has used to explain why many elite Canadian hockey players are all born in the first few months of the year. The reason he gives for this is that, as youngsters, these hockey players had an advantage of…
Gladwell, Malcolm. Outliers: The Story of Success. London: Penguin Books, 2009. 320.
Knight, Charles. A biography of William Shakespeare. Nabu Press, 2010. 202.
hour car ride; regarding whom I would choose and why.
I have been extremely interested in the functionalities and technicalities inherent to the world of business ever since the time that I came to realize the essentiality that businesses have in regard to the world that we live in. One of the things that has become most apparent to me regarding my idea of an ideally effectual degree of business know-how has been the concept that only in so much as absolutely understanding the characteristics of the marketing within it is operating can a particular business ensure any degree of market success.
This is the primary reason due to which I would prefer to select Jack Welch and Bill Gates as two of my companions to accompany me upon a hypothetical car ride lasting for 72 hours. Both of the men are monumental names in the business sector; in fact…
.....humans interact with technology in increasingly sophisticated and meaningful ways, the ethical and philosophical questions posed by artificial intelligence start to become more pressing than ever before. The science fiction genre has promoted as ambivalent a relationship between humans and technology as scientists and futurists have. Both the potential benefits and drawbacks of artificial intelligence have been explored, asking human beings involved in the development of AI technology to consider the ramifications of their work. For example, Nick Bostrom has indicated the need for developers of artificially intelligent systems to work with cognitive scientists to mitigate risk by programming AI from the beginning to act only in the best interests of humans (Shead 1). However, the assumption that AI will somehow eventually need or want to compete with human beings with the potential to overcome or conquer human beings is just that: an assumption. It is a flawed assumption because…
(discuss them and then choose one that would possibly work)
One possible solution for this anti-trust problem, which is currently proposed by authorities, is that Microsoft should allow its competitors to access its information database. In this way, the competition could build new applications that are compatible with the Microsoft operating systems - Windows so would not be affected by the Microsoft strategy to develop an integral and connected line of products. Another solution could be the individual taxation of Microsoft due to its market power. In this case, the taxes that could be as high as 0% from the total profits and would unfairly tax the advantage taken in time by Microsoft. The money for this tax could be otherwise used by Microsoft for development plans, or why not for resolving social aspects - the poverty reduction of third world countries.
Another answer proposed by analysts in this case…
1) Lemos, Robert. CNET News, 2003-06-10. Retrieved on 2007- 02-05
2) Mace, Michael. www.pa.msu.eduarchived from apple.com, February 9, 1995
3) Rebello, Kathy. www.businessweek.comBusiness Week, 1997-06-15. Retrieved on 2007- 02-05
grown up in the technology age are proficient in the use and possibilities of the information super highway. e are aware of the well-known heroes who developed the internet and began its exponential growth into a tool for everyday life, such as Bill Gates and colleagues, yet a phenomena of such magnitude cannot be attributed to one or even a few individual developers, of high tech systems that required high tech knowledge and ability. It is for this reason that further inquiry must be done to identify other influential members of this exclusive club of freethinkers.
Steve Case, AOL's chief executive, says: "Only through the Internet could alone sailor halfway across the Pacific perform life-saving surgery on himself using the online instructions of a U.S. doctor." The Internet is important. Computers are critical. Technology is vital to the future. So what can bankers do? hat do we do to be…
AOL website "Who's Who" Accessed 01/10/2005, at:
AOL website "Who We Are" Accessed 01/10/2005, at:
planning, assessment and measurement of proposed idea plays the most important role. Steve Jobs, Michael Dell and ill Gates are renowned names for their ideas in computer businesses. ut in fact there is no mystery behind any successful business; just you need is the right procedure and decisions to follow.
Preparing a business model is the first step towards the path of successful business. However, before you start developing model one must estimate whether idea has the potential to return enough value to the business, sponsors, stakeholders and customers. For this purpose, one must do complete research of the target market.
This assignment is based on building a computer company that would supply desktop, PCs, software and hardware parts to the customers. It first requires identification of target market and needs whether there is an opportunity for this business. Develop model and structure your business accordingly; how the hardware and…
Cisco Systems. (n.d.). Network Essentials For Small Businesses: A Step-by-Step Planning Guide. Cisco Systems.
Global Trade. (2012, Feb 25). Computer Hardware and Peripherals. Retrieved Aug 9, 2012, from GlobalTrade.net: http://www.globaltrade.net/f/market-research/text/United-Kingdom/Computers-Telecommunications-Internet-Computer-Hardware-and-Peripherals.html
Desire to Attend MIT
Why I Desire To Attend MIT
"Life's challenges are not supposed to paralyze you, they're supposed to help you discover who you are" (eagon, 2010, ¶ 1).
Challenges in life have helped me not only discover who I am, as the introductory quote by eagon (2010), an American historian and musician, asserts. They also strengthen and help me realize who I can become; a person who actively approaches life with a positive, optimistic attitude: an individual who discovers opportunities in life's challenges. During this essay, I recount a number of my life's challenges and the ensuing lessons that have helped shaped me and my life. I also relate reasons as well as the rationale for my desire to attend MIT. Growing up as a Palestinian in Jerusalem, challenging opportunities regularly presented experiences which helped me to change for the better as I learned more about myself.…
Fallon, S. & Williams, N. (2008). Paris: City guide . Oakland CA: Lonely Planet.
Gates, B. (2011). Why MIT matters. Retrieved July 16, 2011, from http://www.boston.com/news/education/higher/specials/mit150/Gates/
Mission and Origins. (2011). MIT Facts. Retrieved July 15, 2011 from http://web.mit.edu/facts/mission.html
Reagon, B.J. (2010). ThinkExist. Retrieved July 15, 2011, from http://thinkexist.com/quotations/challenge/
It helps people to experience digital content in a unique way and it also encourages collaoration and sharing. This project was codenamed Milan and it was released in May, 2007 at the Wall Street Journal's "All things Digital" conference in California. In the words of Derene (2007, para:3), "Gattis took out a digital camera and placed it on Milan's surface. Instantly, digital pictures spilled out onto the taletop. As Gattis touched and dragged each picture, it followed his fingers around the screen. Using two fingers, he pulled the corners of a photo and stretched it to a new size. Then, Gattis put a cellphone on the surface and dragged several photos to it -- just like that, the pictures uploaded to the phone. It was like a magic trick. He was dragging and dropping virtual content to physical ojects. I'm not often surprised y new technology, ut I can honestly…
Olenick, Doug. (January 21, 2008). Gates Forecasts 2nd Digital Decade at CES. TWICE: This Week in Consumer Electronics. 23(2). pp 6-8
Derene, Glenn. (July 2007). The coffee table that will change the world. Popular Mechanics. 184(7). pp 88-91.
Harris, Christopher. (April 2008). Surface Computing coming to your library? School Library Journal. 54(4). pp 22-22.
Brown, Stuart.F. (July 2008). Hands-On Computing. Scientific American. 299(1). pp64-67.
. The mobile business market has seen significant of uptake of 2E (mobile sales-force and field service) solutions and Microsoft has the chance to develop its offerings around its acquisitions, adding mobile functionality. Microsoft partners with many application vendors across the board and moving too heavily into the application space would incense many. However, there is viability in developing a mid-market mobile application proposition, given the unconsolidated nature of offerings from operators, traditional ISVs, start-ups and mobile middleware players.
In the device OS market, as at desktop level and in the server-room, Linux clearly represents a threat to Microsoft, and one it expends much energy playing down. Although there has been little uptake of Linux to date specifically as an operating system for multimedia cell phones, there are many who are not keen to implement end-to-end Microsoft solutions. Linux will give these companies added freedom in choosing applications, middleware…
Ovum Research (2006) - Worldwide Multimedia Cell Phone Forecast.
Source: Credit Suisse First Boston Analysis of the Multimedia Cell Market (2006)
Flextronics (2006) - Annual Report and key investor5 briefing materials. Accessed from the Internet on November 29, 2006 http://www.flextronics.com/en/Investors/ConferenceCalls/tabid/69/Default.aspx
IDC (2006) - Worldwide Multimedia Cell Phone Forecast. Framingham, MA. Published July, 2006.
Microsoft's strategies relating to leadership. First, an overview of the company will be provided, followed by a discussion of the company's leadership strategies. These strategies will be assessed as to their effectiveness, and compared to leading theories of effective management.
An Overview of Microsoft
Today, Microsoft is one of the world's largest businesses, and the world's largest and most influential software company (Wired News). The company's products have an extensive impact on both the personal and business world, and are seen in almost every office in North America.
Financially, Microsoft is a giant. Its founder, Bill Gates, was the richest man in the world in 2003, with a staggering estimated personal wealth of $40.7 billion dollars. He has been rated the richest man in the world for seven of the past eight years, and was ranked number two in 1997 (Wikipedia).
Microsoft's product range is varied, but focuses almost exclusively…
Global Corporate Governance and Social Responsibility
An in-depth analysis of all possible factors responsible for the Social efforts
Socio-Economic, Cultural, Technological and Legal Factors
Strategic ideas involved in addressing corporate social responsibility issues
The Unique Composition of Microsoft
Creating etter-Quality Products
Using Conventional and Contemporary Resources
In recent years, augmented degree of interest has been shown on the subject of "Corporate Social Responsibility," also known as "CSR." This interest has been shown, both in the international/national business and academic circles, because almost all the current studies indicate that "Corporate Social Responsibility" increases the credibility of the business in the eyes of the stakeholders, both within and outside the organization (Isabelle and David, 2002).
Another reason for the increased interest being shown in the direction of "Corporate Social Responsibility," both by international/national business and academic circles, is because of the constant emphasis by the global society towards…
Bill Gates. Business @ the Speed of Thought: Succeeding in the Digital Economy. Warner Business Books; 2001
Christine L. Smith. Corporate Social Responsibility: A Dutch Approach. International Labor Review, 2002.
Doug Dayton. Selling Microsoft: Sales Secrets from Inside the World's Most Successful Company. Adams Media Corporation. 1999.
David Thielen, Shirley Thielen. The 12 Simple Secrets of Microsoft Management: How to Think and Act Like a Microsoft Manager and Take Your Company to the Top. McGraw-Hill. 1999.
Segregation, denial of voting rights, and systemic terrorization were part of the everyday life of many African-Americans. Following the Civil Rights Movement, African-Americans had the same legal rights as other Americans. The years following the Civil Rights Movement have seen those legal rights bloom into actual rights. In approximately 50 years, the United States has gone from a country that was sharply divided along racial lines, to a country where the most influential members of the President's cabinet are African-Americans. Furthermore, the wealthiest, and perhaps most influential, entertainer, Oprah infrey, is an African-American.
hile there is some surface validity to the idea that American policy is dominated by a power elite, there is too much evidence that contradicts the idea of a true power elite. First, there has been a major revolution in American society in the last 50 years. The country has gone from an almost apartheid-like system…
Abraham Lincoln." WhiteHouse.gov. 2005. The White House. 9 Mar. 2005 http://www.whitehouse.gov/history/presidents/al16.html .
Andrew Jackson." WhiteHouse.gov. 2005. The White House. 9 Mar. 2005 http://www.whitehouse.gov/history/presidents/aj7.html .
Gates, Bill and Melinda French Gates. "Letter from Bill and Melinda French Gates." Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation. 2005. Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation. 9 Mar. 2005. http://www.gatesfoundation.org/AboutUs/LetterfromBillMelindaFrenchGates/default.htm .
Lyndon Johnson." WhiteHouse.gov. 2005. The White House. 9 Mar. 2005 http://www.whitehouse.gov/history/presidents/lj36.html .
There are four types of leaders, each with a slightly different style, each with slightly different strengths. The four leadership styles are telling, selling, developing and delegating (eck and Yeager, 2001).
The first leader exercises his power by directing or telling employees what to do, when to do it and how to do it. This is the most dominant form of leadership and it can be destructive to a team.
The second leader gets together with the employees and listens to their ideas before coming to a decision. This style of leadership can be criticizes as over-involving the employees rather than making a decision and delegating authority.
The third leader develops his ideas with his staff. The leader supports the employees and solves any problems that come up. In its negative form, this type of leadership is over-accommodating, as some leaders allow the employees to simply flounder around without…
Anderson, Robert. (1977). Grinding It Out: The Making of McDonald's. New York: St. Martin's Books.
Beck, John D.W., & Yeager, Neil M. (2001). The Leaders' Window: Mastering the Four Styles of leadership to Build high-Performing Teams, Second Edition. Palo Alto, CA: Davies-Black Publishing.
Don, Kettl. (2003). Team Bush: Leadership Lessons From the Bush White House. New York: McGraw Hill.
Gates, Bill (2000). We're All Swimming in the Same Pool. Inside Out. Retrieved from the Internet at www.microsoft.com/billgat...mepool.asp.
Many of the electric gadgets we use today like the cell phones and the home computers were invented in the 80s. Many multinational corporations came into existence in the 80s this spur the growth to a record 3.2% per year (Bellis, 2012). This was the highest nine-year rate in American history. This was occasioned by a number of factors some of which were economic, financial, legislative, and regulatory frameworks. This unprecedented growth led to failure of a number of banking institutions. From these failures, a term "corporate greed" was coined. This essay seeks to enumerate how technology advanced in the 80s (Coppens, 2012).
In 1980, Hepatitis B Vaccine was invented by Baruch Blumberg. This research physician discovered an antigen that provoked antibody response against Hepatitis B Other took queue from this discovery to develop a vaccine against this viral hepatitis. Baruch together with Irving Millman invented a vaccine…
Bellis, M. (2012). The 80s -- the technology, science, and innovations. Retrieved October 3, 2012 from http://inventors.about.com/od/timelines/a/modern_4.htm
Coppens, T. (2012). Major Inventions Timelines: 20th Century. Retrieved October 3, 2012 from http://teresacoppens.hubpages.com/hub/Major-Inventions-Timeline-20th-and-21st -
Kotelinkova, S. (2012). History of Genetic Engineering. Retrieved October 3, 2012 from http://sgugenetics.pbworks.com/w/page/47775520/The%20History%20of%20Genetic%2
SWOT esource and Capability
Ethics and Social esponsibility
Fundamental principles of ethical leadership comprise of having honesty and integrity, taking note of all stakeholders, building community, and respecting the individual. Leaders ought to seek solutions to a sequence of significant questions prior to reaching a decision regarding an issue that is not clearly either ethical or unethical (DuBrin, 2016). The leader in question is Mary T. Barra, the Chairman and Chief Executive Officer (CEO) of General Motors Company. Barra is considered to be a fantastic leader that is extensively respected around the industry, trusted by consumers across the globe, admired by the company's board and well-regarded by her personnel. Meticulously and transparently, Barra has restored trust and vivacity in the organization when it had been destroyed by a number of inconsiderate predecessors. In addition, Barra shaped General Motors' global footprint by bringing an end to Chevrolet sales in Europe and…
Giang, V. (2013). The 7 Types of Power That Shape the Workplace. Business Insider. Retrieved from: http://www.businessinsider.com/the-7-types-of-power-that-shape-the-workplace-2013-7?IR=T
Schneer, J. (2010). The Balfour Declaration: the origins of the Arab-Israeli conflict. Bond Street Books.
People are fascinated by success stories, especially the rags-to-riches stories wherein someone starts from nothing and, through a combination of hard work and extraordinary luck, becomes famous and rich. In his book Outliers: The Story of Success, author Malcolm Gladwell profiles a number of individuals who have been tremendously successful. Some of the names are well-known: Bill Gates, the Beatles, obert Oppenheimer. The stories of their success are much more complex and interesting than one could ever imagine. Gladwell also provides plenty of examples of people for whom success has been elusive. They appear to have much in their favor and yet circumstances such as culture, class, family and even date of birth relegated them to an existence of missed opportunities and mediocrity. Talent, hard work and luck are certainly components of success but, as Gladwell shows, the back story is often richer and more complicated.
In the beginning…
Gladwell's Outliers: Timing is almost everything. (2008). BusinessWeek 11/20/08. Retrieved from http://www.businessweek.com/magazine/content/08_48/b4110110545672.htm
Gladwell, M. (2008). Outliers: The story of success. New York: Little, Brown.
Baker (2006) reports that Google has worked hard to balance its entrance into the restrictive media market that is China with its own values. Baker defends this balance by reporting that "the company's contention that it believes it furthers its mission more by being present in China than it does by not is at least a rational response to a set of unpalatable choices." (Baker, 1) Other sources have not been as forgiving, arguing instead that Google's censorship of its search returns according to the demands of the Chinese government is active participation in the repression of information freedom. This denotes that even where a company presents itself as desiring to behave in a responsible and socially conscious way, a certain scale of success can make this an increasingly difficult achievement.
Microsoft has received similar criticism for its attempts at entering into the Chinese software market. However, the bulk of…
Amaria, K. (2007). Giving and Reaping… Microsoft's CSR Offensive. Digicom 4 Social Change.
Baker, M. (2006). Google's Growing Pains. Mallenbaker.net.
China CSR. (201). Google Faces Corporate Social Responsibility Problem in China. ChinaCSR.com.
Cockaday, J. (2004). CSR, Google and Philanthropy. Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR).
Contributions to the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation set up by Gates and his wife top $20 billion." (Hillis, 1)
As indicated though, Microsoft's performance in the area of sustainability is not a simple black-out-white outlook. Quite to the contrary, its political activity seems almost counterintuitive to the actions the company has taken to improve its own achievement of sustainability. Namely, Schwartz reports the software giant to have fallen short of the expectations of major environmental groups such as Greenpeace for failing to use its enormous influence to push policymakers toward more aggressive regulatory changes. hile Microsoft can afford to invest in renewable and sustainable technologies, without a major change in policy legislation and corporate culture, many smaller firms cannot afford this type of transformation.
Still, it must be said that Microsoft is a major innovator in this area, and has provided myriad examples to other firms of ways to…
Environmental Leader (EL). (2009). Microsoft Cutting CSR PR Budget. Environmental Leader.com
Hillis, S. (2007). Microsoft Moves to Polish Tarnished Public Image. Advanced Network.
Microsoft Corporation (MC). (2009). Microsoft Hohm Beta. Microsoft Environment.
Schwartz, A. (2010). Sustainability Faceoff: Microsoft vs. Apple. Fast Company.
Corporate ocial Responsibility: Bowen and Carroll
Howard R. Bowen was the founder of the concept of corporate social responsibility. In his book "ocial Responsibility of the Businessman," Bowen argued that business was a major force that touched the lives of numerous individuals. ince business was inextricably and continuously involved in processes of judgment and decision-making, many of their proposals and assertions touched the lives of vast numbers of citizens. These included not only employees of the firm but also their families, acquaintances, and so forth. The larger the firm, therefore, the more corporate responsibility, accordingly the industry had in regards to the decisions that it formulated. As Bowen asked: "What responsibilities to society may businessmen reasonably be expected to assume?" (p. xi). And he responded:
"It refers to the obligations of businessmen to pursue those policies, to make those decisions, or to follow those lines of action which are desirable…
Sniderman, S. (2011). "Bill & Melinda gates Foundation outlines 7 social good initiatives for 2011" yourolivebranch.org http://news.yourolivebranch.org/2011/02/07/bill-melinda-gates-foundation-outlines-7-social-good-initiatives-for-2011/
Whoriskey, P. (Oct. 6, 2011) Record thin on Steve Job's philanthropy. Washington Post.
The fact that Lysistrata's "came to power" by virtue of her own leadership abilities which were recognized and celebrated by their peers rather than having them thrust upon her from above is pointed out by Ober (1989), who reports, "The Athenians' demonstrated concern with native intelligence, their distrust of elite education, and their respect for the authority of the elders are parodied by Aristophanes, who mimics rhetorical topoi in the speech of Lysistrata, the female demagogue:
Listen to my words
I am a woman, but I'm smart enough
Indeed, my mind's not bad at all.
Having listened to my father's discourses
And those of the older men, I'm not ill educated. (Lysistrata 1123-27 quoted in Ober at 182)
Indeed, Lysistrata's leadership qualities were clearly demonstrated in her ability to organize the women of Athens to show the warring men of the city just who in fact had "the power" suggests…
Abusch, T. (2001). "The development and meaning of the epic of Gilgamesh: An interpretive essay." The Journal of the American Oriental Society, 121(4): 614.
Black's Law Dictionary. St. Paul, MN: West Publishing Co., 1990.
Brodie, Thomas L. Genesis as Dialogue: A Literary, Historical, & Theological Commentary. New York: Oxford University Press, 2001.
DeLashmutt, Gary. (2007). "Genesis 1:1-2:4 -- the Beginning of Our World." Xenos Christian Fellowship. [Online]. Available: http://www.xenos.org/teachings/ot/genesis/ .
Halo 2 was a newsmaker as it is an exclusive game for the Xbox and can be played over its online gaming network. Microsoft's PR reminded everyone of that fact. They also let the whole world know that around 1.5 million copies of Halo 2 were already pre-ordered. The launch was very successful as Halo 2 sold more than 3 million copies within the first weekend.
Damage control is another part of PR. When Microsoft faced anti-trust allegations they initiated a major letter writing campaign to save their image from being defaced. They asked their customers to write letters to the editors send letters to their congressmen and do whatever they could to protect its good name. An important PR move is to make sure that the organization supports the right political party. Microsoft used to be a big supporter of the Democratic Party in the past. However it abandoned…
Microsoft Press Pass
PR Newswire: Microsoft
Economy Status in 12 Months
In each economic system, entrepreneurs and managers combine together natural resources, labor, and technology to create and supply goods and services. Nations' political principles and civilization is replicated by the way in which these different elements categorize themselves. Karl Marx, the 19th century German economist and social theorist invented the term capitalist economy, by which United States is often referred to and this term depicts a system in which a small group of people manage large quantities of money or capital and make the most significant economic verdicts. Natural resources are the first elements of a nation's economic system. The second element is effort, which changes natural resources into goods. As both privately owned businesses and government play major roles, United States is said to have mixed economy. In fact, some of the most continuing discussions of American economic history concentrate on the virtual tasks…
Continuity and Change. U.S. Department of State's Bureau of International Information Programs. Retrieved from http://usinfo.state.gov/products/pubs/oecon/chap1.htm Accessed on 12 March, 2005
Fed official sees 2005 economy to grow 4%. 9 March, 2005. Retrieved from http://english.sina.com/business/1/2005/0309/23950.html Accessed on 12 March, 2005
How the U.S. Economy Works. U.S. Department of State's Bureau of International Information Programs. Retrieved from http://usinfo.state.gov/products/pubs/oecon/chap2.htm Accessed on 12 March, 2005
Kane, Tim; Hederman, Rea. Past. Present! Future? Economic growth in America. October 29, 2004. Retrieved from http://www.heritage.org/Research/Economy/wm601.cfm?renderforprint=1 Accessed on 12 March, 2005
ill Gates is perhaps a good example in this sense: Microsoft during the early 70s was but a mixture of their programmers, but they selected ill Gates to coordinate and organize their efforts because they saw him as the best prepared among them. This is also what named him chief software architect at Microsoft (besides the fact that he owned the company at that point) and he retained the respective function even after he was no longer CEO.
There are other particularities of leadership in the software development industry as well.
ecause the work activity is based on the existence of development teams that generally incorporate developers, testers and writers and which are led by a team leader or project manager, there is a distinctive importance attributed to the project manager or team leader. His or her job is many folded, which means that he probably needs to have all…
1. Spencer, Emily. Leadership Models and Theories: A Brief Overview. On the Internet at http://www.cda-acd.forces.gc.ca/cfli/engraph/research/pdf/12.pdf.Last retrieved on August 10, 2008
2. Models and Theories. On the Internet at http://www.stewart-associates.co.uk/leadership-models.aspx.Last retrieved on August 10, 2008
3. P.G. Northouse, Leadership: Theory and Practice, (Thousand Oaks: Sage Publications, 1997
4. G. Yukl, Leadership in Organizations, 4th Edition, (New Jersey: Prentice-Hall Inc., 1998
Steve Ballmer, the director and chief executive officer at Microsoft Corporation, has contributed much towards the evolution of computers and computing power. The purpose of this essay is to examine Mr. Ballmer and his contributions towards this technological advancement which is known as computing. In this essay I'll give a brief biographical sketch of this individual and then describe his contributions and how they have significantly affected the industry and the world itself.
According to the Forbes.com profile, "Mr. Ballmer is 54 years old, has headed several Microsoft divisions during the past 30 years including operations, operating systems development sales and support." Steve Ballmer is known as a lively personality. His energetic leadership style seems to override his contributions towards computing industry, but nevertheless contextualize his experiences at Microsoft.
In Ballmer's early life, he grew up in Michigan and went to a private preparatory school and went to Harvard…
Garza, G. "Why Apple Should Fear Steve Ballmer." Windows7news. 6 Aug 2011. Web.
Helft, Miguel. "Ballmer: The PC Will Continue to Thrive." The New York Times 17 Aug 2011. Web.
Katz, Jonathon. " Ballmer Says the Future is in the Clouds." Industry Week, 9 Mar, 2011. Web.
Murphy, Chris. "Global CIO; Steve Ballmer Interview: Hockey Stick Cloud Growth Ahead." InformationWeek 20 April, 2010.
Communications -- "How to be a Success" by Malcolm Gladwell
"How to Be a Success" is a Maclean's journal article by Malcolm Gladwell stating that expert command of any field requires natural ability, outside help but chiefly unusually hard work for a great deal of hours over an especially long time. Though the successful examples mentioned in Gladwell's article all have talent, they are "outliers" -- exceptional people who all worked very hard on their special fields from their childhoods and spent at least 10,000 hours developing their skills. In fact, their long periods of very hard work over many years seem to be more important than having natural talent because the brain takes that much practice to incorporate all the skills needed to "master" a field. Achieving 10,000 hours of practice requires help, such as approval, encouragement and enough financial support from parents, special programs that make it possible…
Gladwell, M. (2008). How to be a success. Maclean's, 59-61.
Tkacik, M. (2009, November 23). Gladwell for dummies. Retrieved July 6, 2014 from www.thenation.com Web site: http://www.thenation.com/article/gladwell-dummies?page=0,0
Already educated, she had the resources to -- and indeed did find - employment opportunities. Sociologically, she belonged in the lower middle classes. Both individuals had intelligence, courage and grits. But both also possessed existent privileges with which they could pull themselves up. Critics of the work-it-hard perspective omit these facts. Perhaps they do so because focusing on the ordeals of the working class would suck us in a web of responsibility.
The unfortunate fact is that individuals belonging to the working class castigate themselves unfairly for conditions that are beyond their control.
An example in Newman's book is illustrated by 'Jarvis' who, despite his experience, unable to find a job in a restaurant is still seeking employment. Yet 'Jarvis' still holds himself accountable for his lack of success "Some people are willing to try hard and therefore they can make it, regardless if the deck is stacked against them…
Newman, K.S. No Shame in my Game: The Working Poor in the Inner City. NY: Vintage, 2000
he only observation that could be made here is that one would expect a larger proportion of the total expenses to be allocated to research and development, given the fact that this is such an important part of Microsoft's activity and essential in order to obtain a competitive advantage on the market.
Asset and Capital Structure
Cash and cash equivalents
otal fixed assets
he asset structure at Microsoft reflects some of the particularities in the industry, notably the fact that the inventory levels tend to be quite low, as compared to the other assets. his means that the I industry is not one supporting production on stock. At the same time, the value of the total fixed assets is significantly high, which can be partly explained by the size of the company and the investments in land, buildings and equipment.
The return on assets at Microsoft was 0.24 in 2008, as compared to 0.22 in 2007. As most of the other profitability and asset management figures, the return on assets also shows a better performance in 2008.
Part IV -- Conclusions and Recommendations
Microsoft's results, both in terms of absolute value from the income and cash flow statements and balance sheet and the ratio analysis, show a solid, extremely competitive company, whose results have improved from 2007 to 2008, despite the global economic crisis. Its capacity to retain low levels of inventory, to gradually increase its efficiency in using assets and to bring new products to the market are some of the positive aspects at Microsoft. As a recommendation, the company could consider allocating a larger proportion of its expenses into research and development.
likeability is effected by management in the international workplace. It assumes a phenomenological approach to the notion of likeability, and is based on the idea that likeability in management is fundamental to achieving "connectedness" among employees and to inspiring the drive needed to ensure an organization's success. By conducting a survey of employees and managers from every major business continent of the globe (Asia, Europe, America, the Middle East), it seeks to understand the different ways in which likeability is manifested, discerned, appreciated, and utilized in the cross-cultural international workplace. Its aim is to fill a gap in likeability research regarding the importance of international managerial likeability and hopes to raise awareness about the essentiality of likeability to success. It also aims to identify the phenomenon of likeability as it appears in different cultures. Identifying that phenomenon and coming to terms with it will help business managers to better develop…
Data Analysis: A Phenomenological Approach
The methodology for this study is based on a phenomenological approach, rooted in the Moustakas (1994) model. The Moustakas model focuses on the idea that the "wholeness of experience" should form the essence of the research (Simon, 2011). Moustakas recommends a heuristic process that allows the researcher to immerse himself in the world/sphere he is observing, to "intuit" the relevant data, to use active learning as an illuminative process, to explicate, and to synthesize the information (Simon, 2011). A phenomenological approach will allow for an understanding of likeability "through the eyes of the participants in the study" (Simon, 2011). The phenomenon under consideration is the effect of likeability in the international workplace -- how it is effected, how it is perceived, and how it helps to advance business success.
Observing likeability "through the eyes of the participants in the study" presents a unique and novel opportunity to investigate the subjective aspect of likeability as opposed to an objective, empirical aspect of the concept. With the argument of Weaver (1984) in mind, that universality is a difficult concept for modern scientists to grasp because the existence of truth is essentially debated on philosophical, scientific, and metaphysical grounds, a study of likeability through the eyes of the participants provides the researcher with an opportunity to record the various ways that perception and reality meet and depart. Is there a reality of likeability or is likeability always merely a perception? Studies have argued that likeability can be controlled in the same way that EI can be controlled (Mayer et al., 2001). If such a claim can indeed be made, perhaps likeability is no more real than one's perception is true. In other words, if a manager can convince subordinates of likeability in order to "get ahead," it is possible that subordinates can convince themselves of their superior's "likeability" in order to appear as a "team player" and one who will not "rock the boat." Furthermore, such a suggestion may carry repercussions for what is meant by authenticity and whether or not this term carries any meaning of honesty or realness or whether it is
Laptop Per Child
hy are Microsoft, Intel, and other leading for-profit companies interested in low-cost computers for the developing world?
For-profit companies such as Microsoft and Intel jumped on the bandwagon created by the interest expressed in Nicolas Negroponte's non-profit effort with the XO. Companies have become increasingly aware that consumers show a preference to those that are socially responsive citizens that give to good causes. They viewed this as an opportunity to share the spotlight and make a profit with what would appear a philanthropic deed by the two companies collaborating on an alternative to the XO that would have more features and capabilities than the XO. OLPC's original core mission was to "foster collaborative learning among school children," which could have been accomplished with their original model.
Instead of following Negropronte's initial intent where he stated, "e do not view kids as a market, but as a mission,"…
Kevin, Maney. "Gates sees cellphones, not laptops, as way to help Third .." USA Today n.d.: Middle Search Plus. Web. 8 May 2012. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=ip , uid&db=mih&AN=J0E190769487706&site=ehost-live
76). As automation increasingly assumes the more mundane and routine aspects of work of all types, Drucker was visionary in his assessment of how decisions would be made in the years to come. "In the future," said Drucker, "it was possible that all employment would be managerial in nature, and we would then have progressed from a society of labor to a society of management" (Witzel, p. 76). The first tasks of the manager, then, are to coordinate an organization's resources and provide a viable framework in which they can be used to produce goods and services effectively and efficiently. The second set of tasks concern guidance and control. In Drucker's view, this role is almost entirely proactive: "Economic forces set limits to what a manager can do. They create opportunities for management's action. But they do not by themselves dictate what a business is or what it does" (Drucker,…
2.3: Theme I: This study's first theme defines hedge funds and presents a synopsis of their history.
2.: Theme 2: Ways hedge funds compare to mutual funds are noted in this section, this study's second theme.
2.5: Theme 3: segment denotes techniques hedge funds utilise in investing.
2.6: Theme : A number of ways rising and falling markets impact hedge funds, this section's theme links to the thesis statement for this thesis/Capstone.
2.7: Analysis: The analysis section presents a number of pertinent points retrieved from the reviewed literature.
CHAPTER III: DISCUSSION; CONCLUSIONS; RECOMMENDATIONS
3.1: Introduction: This final chapter's introduction reviews the original study aim and objectives presented at the start of this thesis/Capstone, relating to hedge funds techniques. This section also recounts this study's thesis statement.
3.2: Discussion: During this segment, this researcher relates final considerations regarding hedge funds techniques, cross-referencing several points the reviewed literature noted. This researcher also…
4. The Investment Advisers Act.
The Securities Act of 1933, (SEC):
…oversees the mutual fund industry's compliance with specific regulations, including, the Internal Revenue Code which set additional requirements regarding a fund's portfolio diversification and its distribution of earnings, and the National Association of Securities Dealers, Inc. (NASD) oversees most mutual fund advertisements and other sales materials. In addition, mutual funds must have directors who are responsible for extensive oversight of the fund's policies and procedures. For virtually all funds, at least a majority of their directors must be independent from the fund's management.
Long-Term amifications of the Ma Bell Breakup
The old Ma Bell was far from perfect, but she deserved her good name. -- Tom Nolle, 2003
Given its prospects, the new Ma Bell looks an awful lot like the old Ma Bell. And that's not a good thing. -- Shannon M. Heim, 2005
The dichotomy of views exemplified by the epigraph above is reflective of the love-hate relationship that Americans have always had with their telephone service provider. Following the breakup of AT&T, or "Ma Bell" in 1982, one of the few legal monopolies in the United States, seven so-called smaller regional "Baby Bells" long-distance providers were created, four of which remain in operation today. After almost a century in operation, the breakup of Ma Bell was followed by a wave of deregulation and competition that profoundly affected the telecommunications industry in both short- as well as long-term ways. To determine…
Boudreaux, G. & Sloboda, B. (2000). "Broadband: A Primer on Telecommunications
Technology." Management Quarterly, 41(3), 2.
Chandler, J.W. & Cortada, J.W. (2000). A Nation Transformed by Information: How
Information Has Shaped the United States from Colonial Times to the Present. New York: Oxford University Press.
Rule breaking, innovation or ethical dilemma?
People often think that in order to run a business, or be a leader, one must adhere to all the rules. But the old saying "Some rules are made to be broken" rings true. Many successful entrepreneurs have had to make decisions that would ultimately be seen as rule breaking, even at times, illegal. That is just how the world works. People must make tough decisions in order to make it in the tough worlds of business, politics, and even medicine.
This paper focuses on several articles along with an annotated bibliography to demonstrate the effectiveness of rule breaking in reaching one's goals in business and entrepreneurial endeavors. So many greats like Bill Gates, Bill Clinton, etc., have broken rules in order to get to where they are now. In fact, wise leaders often take risks to get things accomplished. Any entrepreneur…